一、目的和要求 1、重点短语 a manned spaceship、in store、set up、overseas Chinese、set foot in、rely on、 come to life、enjoy a boom、put forward a plan、make many breakthroughs、be no accident
、 aim sth at、map out 2、功能话题 ①话题：科学与科学成就（Talk about science and scientific achievement） ②功能：练习表达意图和愿望（Practise expressing intentions and wishes) 3、重点语法 构词法（I） （Word Formation） 4、写作目的 培养说服文的写作能力（Write a persuasion essay） 二、单词和习惯用语的用法 1． store store n.商店;储藏；store v 供给；装配；储藏 be in store 准备着；必将来到或发生 set or lay store by 重视；珍视 eg: 1）We do not know what for us.我们不知道将来的遭遇如何。 2）She good characters. 她很重视好的品格。 3）A mass of data in the computer.大量的材料被储存在电脑里。 4）At Christmas stay open late.圣诞期间有些商店经营得较迟。 2．set up 设立;创立;建立 set about doing sth/sth 着手做某事 set off 出发;使开始做 set out to do sth 计划做某事 set foot in/on 踏入，进入 eg: 1) Never________ our property again.永远不要涉足我的地产。 2) He is too idle_______ the task.他很懒惰，不肯着手做这项工作。 3) He ______ a new store recently.他最近设立了一家新店铺。 4) They______ to undertake technical innovations in a big way. 他们开始大搞技术革新。 3. base base n. 基础，基本原则；军事根据地；组织 base adj. 卑鄙的，自私的 base vi./vt. 基于 base sth on sth 以… 作为根据 注意：base, basis, foundation 的区别 base 多作原义，指物体的底部及支架。 basis 主要用于比喻，指信念、议论等的依据。 foundation 原义及比喻均适用，强调基础的稳固及坚固。 eg: 1) He built a house ________ the mountain.他在山麓建屋。 2) To betray a friend is a ______ action.出卖朋友是卑鄙的行为。 3) His large businesses _______ good service.他的生意兴隆由于服务周到。 4) His honesty and willingness to work are the ______ of his success. A. basis B. base C. basic D. foundation 4. effect effect n. 效果；结果；影响；效验 in effect 实际上 take effect 生效；奏效 have an effect on 对……有效果 注意：effect, result 和 affect 区别。 effect 指“由原因直接产生之结果”。affect 主要作动词用，意指影响。result 则指最终之结 果。 eg: 1) The two methods are the same _________.这两种方法结果是一样的。 2) Punishment does not seem _______him. 惩罚似乎对他没有什么影响。 3) The prescribed medicine failed _______ .医生开的药没有生效。 4) The _______ of raising the speed limit was a number of bad accident.
A. affect B. effect C. result D. influence 5.technological 关于工业技术的 technology 科学或工业技术知识；方法 technical 有关技术的；技术上的 technique 技巧；方法 technician 技术人员 eg: The steam engine was the greatest _______ advance of the 19th century. A. technological B. technical C. technician D. technique 6.put forward a plan 提出一个计划 put an end to 结束 put away 储存；收拾；整理 put off 延期；推脱 put up with 忍耐 eg: 1）I don?t know how you _______ their constant quarrelling. A. put off B. put away C .put up with D. put on 2) They have apparently decided to buy our house. But each time I asked them about it, they kept________. A. putting end to me B. putting me away C. putting me off D. putting me off 3) We ________ Joe?s name to serve on the local Council. A. put up B. put forward C. put away D. put forth 7. run run vi. 进行；转动；伸展；竞选 run vt. 使跑；经营；管理 run across 偶遇 run down 停止；撞倒 run out 用尽；结束 eg: 1).I ____ an old friend of mine in the library.我在图书馆偶然遇到了一位朋友。 2) My clock _______; I must have forgotten to wind it. 我的钟停了, 我一定是忘了上发条。 3) We ______ typing paper. 我的打字纸用完了。 8. carry on 经营；继续 carrying away 深深地影响；感动 carrying out 完成；实行 eg: 1) We all ______ singing as if nothing was happening. A. carry away B. carry on C. carry out D. carry back 2) A survey _______ nationwide now. A. is carrying on B. is carrying out C. is being carried on D. is being carried out 三、语法 本单元的语法重点是构词法。按照语言一定的规律创造新词的方法。叫构词法。 1.合成法：把两个或两个以上独立的词合成一个新词的方法叫合成法。 1) 合成名词 例词: spaceship she-wolf 母狼 machine-building 机械制造 pain-killer 止痛药 highway breakfast flying-fish freezing point 冰点 output 输出 turn-off 2) 合成形容词 例词:cold-blooded 冷血的 potato-shaped 马铃薯形式的 hand-made 手工制的 self-educated 自学的 colour-blind 色盲的 left-hand 左边的 good-looking hard-working ever-green tree 常青树 light-blue 浅蓝色 see-through 3) 合成动词 例词: ill-treated 虐待 mass-produce 大规模生产 safe-guard 保卫 4) 合成副词 例词: however anywhere downstairs anyway 5) 合成代词 some ,any, no 可以与-thing, -one, -body 合成代词。 例如：anybody，something，nobody，someone(=somebody) . 2.派生法 派生是由词根加词缀构成新词，构成的新词称派生词，词缀分为前缀（加于词根前） 。后
缀（加于词根后） 。除少数前缀外，前缀一般只改变词的意义，不改变词类，后缀一般只 改变词类，不引起词义变化。 前缀 a-构成形容词、副词 dis-(否定) en-(使可能) in-(il-, im-, ir-)(不，非) inter-( 相互，之间) mis-(误) re-(重复，再) tele-(远程) un-(不) non-(不，非) 后缀 名 词 -er …….者 -ese………地方的人 -ian 精通……的人………地方的人 -ist 专业人员 -ment 性质，状态 -ness 性质，状态 -or 器具……者 -tion 表示动作、过程、结果 形 容 词 -al 表示具有…性质, 或与 -an …有关 -ern -ful -ble -ish - ive -y -less -fy 使…化 -ize 使…成为 -ly 表示方式,程度 副 词 数 词 -ward(s)表示方向 -teen -ty 整十位数 -th 序数词 例词 asleep，abroad，alone disappear, discourage, disappoint encourage, enable invisible illegal impossible, irregular international ,inter-school(校际的) mistake, misunderstand return, reunite , remarry telephone, telegraph, telescope unfit, unfair, unknown non-conductor(非导体)，non-payment 例词 foreigner, traveller Chinese, Japanese musician, technician, Russian artist, pianist, physicist government, movement, development business, illness, darkness cooker, tractor, visitor, professor pollution, suggestion, invention practical, educational, national American, Italian, Australian southern, northern, eastern helpful, useful, careful reasonable, horrible, terrible foolish, British, English active, native, expensive rainy, sleepy, healthy careless, useless simplify, electrify, terrify realize, apologize, organize freely, badly, perfectly, truly, angrily towards, forward, outward fourteen, eighteen forty, fifty twelfth, twentieth
[语法专练] 1. 给下列单词前加上前缀 dis-, un-, in 或 im-,构成意思相反的词。 agree________ complete_________ healthy__________
practical_________ perfect__________ visible ___________ dress _________ proper __________ successful __________ fair __________ comfort _________ satisfaction _________ 2. 用括号中单词的适当形式填空: 1) They have _______ in sending every one of the satellites into space.(success) 2) You must do the exercise_________.(care) 3) English is ________ used in the world. (wide) 4) “You are quite_________ , young man,” the old man said to me. (mistake) 5) He was so ____________ that he gave me many story books. (kindness) 6) Don?t be afraid of __________.(difficult) 7) The book is very ________. I am _______ in it ( interest) 8) A business can?t do well without good _______. (manage) 9) The ________ soldier had a bad ________ in his right leg. (wound) 10) To tell you the _______, I don?t like you at all. (true) 四、巩固练习 I. 词组 1. 必将发生 _________________________________________ 2. 作为经济特区被建设 ________________________________ 3. 中国高科技产业的领头羊 ___________________________ 4.实现梦想 _________________________________ 5.踏进 __________________________________ 6.依靠科学技术和知识 ____________________________________ 7.鼓励创新,接受挑战 _______________________________________ 8.活跃起来 _________________________________ 9.达到……目标 _________________________________ 10.对人类是一个很大的威胁___________________________ 11.提出计划 __________________________ 12.科教兴国____________________________________________ 13.取得突破性进展____________________________________ 14.目的在发展农业____________________________________ 15.中国与计算机一见钟情________________________________________ II 单项选择 1.Children today are still suffering ________ heavy schoolwork,_______ at preparing them for entrance examination. A. at; aiming B. from; aimed C. at; having aimed D. from; having 2. After _______ seemed half an hour the teacher gave us the correct answer. A. that B. what C. which D. it 3. ________ running, learning English needs will. A. As with B. As to C. As for D. As if 4. ----- I hear that as many as 150 people were killed in the storm. ----- Yes, _______ news came as _______ shock to me. A. the; the B. the; a C. a; the D a; a 5. Is it Shakespeare Theatre_______ you are going to watch the play Hamlet?
A. where B. that C. which D. as 6.With online course Crazy English has over 20 million students all over China ________ the class through the Internet. A. attend B. attended C. attending D. to be attending 7. I thought John would say something about his job interview, but he _______ it . A. hasn?t mentioned B. hadn?t mentioned C. didn?t mention D. doesn?t mention 8. ---- Did you lose the match? ---- Yes, we lost the match ______ one goal. A. by B. at C. with D. only 9. ---________ you be happy! --- The same to you! A. Wish B. Hope C. May D. Should 10. The news was a terrible blow to her, but she will _______ the shock soon. A. get out B. get through C. get off D. get over 11. ---Do you think he?ll succeed? --- Well, he?s helped by so many classmates, what is more, he works extremely hard, so he will _____ succeed. A. probably B. likely C. possibly D. perhaps 12. The doctors operated immediately to prevent any infection _______. A. setting off B. setting out C. setting in D. setting about 13. He _______criticism after remarks he made in a television interview. A. ran off B. ran into C. ran on D. ran out 14. Once Scott was more comfortable with_______ a logical dialogue , Deborah was able to move to the next challenge . A. carrying on B carrying out C. carry on D. carry out 15. The committee________ a proposal to reduce the time limit. A. put down B. put forward C. put away D. put aside 16. ----Did you find the missing couple in the mountain yesterday? ---- No, but we______ to get in touch with them ever since. A. have tried B. have been trying C. had tried D. had been trying. 17. These shoes are so ______ that I cannot put them on. A. little B. close C. hard D. tight 18. ______ you see near the north pole is nothing but ice and snow. A. That B. What C. Which D. Who 19. My uncle moved to London________. A. in fifties B. in the 1980s C. in his fifty D. in 1990s 20. The thing tha_______ is not whether you fail or not, but whether you try or not. A. matters B. cares C. considers D. minds II. 完形填空 At the beginning of this century, medical scientists made an interesting discovery; we are built not just of flesh and blood but also of the time. They were 1 to show that we all have “a body clock” 2 us, which controls the 3 and fall of our body energies, 4 us different from one day to the next. The 5 of ?a body clock” should not be too 6 since the lives of most living things are controlled 7 the 24 hour night-and-day cycle. we feel 8 and fall asleep at night and become 9 and
energetic during the day. If the 24 hour-cycle is 10,most people experience unpleasant 11 .For example, people who are not 12 to working at night can find that 13 of sleep causes them to 14 badly at work. 15the daily cycle of sleeping and 16,we also have other cycle which 17 longer than one day. Most of us would 18 that we feel good on some days and not so good on 19;sometimes our ideas seem to flow and at other times, they 20 do not exist. 1. A. anxious B. able C. careful D. proud 2. A. inside B. around C. between D. on 3. A. movement B. supply C. use D. rise 4. A. showing B. treating C. making D. changing 5. A. invention B. opinion C. story D .idea 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. IV. A. difficult A. from A. dull A. regular A. disturbed A. moments A. prevented A. miss A. perform A. With A. talking B. exciting B. by B. tired B. exciting B. shortened B. feelings B. allowed B. none B. show B. As well as B .moving C. surprising C. over C. dreamy C. lively C. reset C. senses C. expect C. lack C. manage C. Expect C. living D interesting D. during D. peaceful D. clear D. troubled D. effects D. used D. need D. control D. Rather than D. waking D. happen D. allow D. others D. yet
A. repeat B. remain C. last A. agree B. believe C. realize A. other B. the other C. all other A. just B. only C. still 改错 Last month we bought our two-year-old daughter a little dog. There are not many children of her age there we live, and we thought a dog would make her less alone. We were right. They play together happily all days. Our daughter now smiles and laughs a lot more than she used. In a way it is like having two children in the house. All of them are very untidy, but they cry when they do not get what they want. The dog is easy to look after than my daughter. He always eats up all his food and we don?t have piles of dirty clothes to wash. My wife is also happy because of I have given up smoke . The dog doesn?t like the smell . 答案 [词汇点击] 即学即用 1. 1) is in store 2) sets great store by 2. 1) set foot on 2) to set about doing
1 _______ 2 _______ 3 _______ 4 _______ 5 _______ 6________ 7 ________ 8 _______ 9________ 10 ________
3) is stored 3) has set up
4) some stores 4) set out
3.1) at the base of 2) base 3) was based on 4) D 4. 1) in effect 2) to have much effect on 3) to take effect 4) B 5. 1) A 6. 1) C 2) C 3) B 7. 1) ran across 2) has run down 3) have run out of 8. 1) B 2) D [难句导学] 即学即用 1. 1) A 2) A 1) B 2) D 3) A 1) B 1) B 2) C 3) B [语法专练] 1.disagree, incomplete, unhealthy, impractical, imperfect, invisible, undress, improper, unsuccessful, unfair, discomfort, dissatisfaction 2.1) anger 2) succeeded 3) carefully 4) widely 5) mistaken 6) kind 7) difficulty 8) chemist 9) interesting interested 10) Japan 11) management 12) wounded wound 13) truth 14) careless careful 15) kindness [基础知识过关]II 单项选择 1-5 BBABB 6-10 ABABA 11-15 CCACD [综合素能测试]I.单项选择 1-5 ACBAB 6-10 BDBBA II. 完形填空 11-15 BADCD 16-20 CBBCA 21-25 BDCAB 26-30 DCADA IV. 改错 46. there→where 47. alone→lonely 48. days→day 49. used 后加 to 50. All→Both 51. but→and 52. easy→easier 53. √ 54.去 of 55. smoke→smoking