Unit 5 Nelson Mandela ---a Modern Hero
Language points for Reading
千里之行始于足下。 不积跬步无以至千里，不积细流无以成江河。 量的积累，质的飞跃。
a large quantity of
large quantities of
A large quantity of beer was sold out. 大量的啤酒被售出。 A large quantity of blouses were on sale. 大量罩衫有售。 Quantities of food are on the table. are Quantities of books__________ on the desk.
要以人民给我的信心、勇气和力量，忠实的履行宪法 赋予我的职责殚精竭虑、鞠躬尽瘁、不负重望。” “我真诚希望，我连同我这一生给人民做的有益的事 情，人们都把它忘记，并随着我日后长眠地下而湮没 无闻。”
devote oneself （one's time/energy) to sth/doing sth
She devoted herself to helping others all her life.
She devoted herself to science all her life.
be devoted to sb/ sth专注于某人某事 a devoted friend
a devoted couple
对某人吝啬 对某物吝啬 be mean to sb be mean with sth
mean to do sth mean doing sth
meant to be I_________________early, however, that means getting up ______________early.
death n. die-died-died vi dead adj. 死去的
die of die from
died of In the cold winter, many animals __________cold and hunger. died from He ___________a traffic accident. died of Her uncle __________a cancer last year.
generous （adj.慷慨的,大方的） be generous with sth 在某事上很大方 be generous to sb. 对某人慷慨大方 be generous to do sth be generous in sth 乐于….
Be generous with your praise.
No matter what happens, be generous to your friends.
Lei Feng is a person who is generous in helping others.
Advice n. 劝告，建议(不可数）
a piece of advice
two pieces of advice
go to sb. for advice 向…寻求建议
He goes to his father for advice when he is in trouble .
v. advise sb. to do sth. advise that sb. should do sth.
be equal to 与...在（大小，数量，价值等）相等
be equal in
30 minutes is equal to half an hour
They are equal in ability.
/ go on
continue to do sth continue doing sth
go on doing sth go on to do sth
to do ? Go on ________English homework after you finish math homework. ? 做完数学作业后，接着做英语作业。
doing my ? After a short break, I go on________ homework. ? 在短暂的休息后，我继续做作业。
accept VS receive
接受：表示自愿，主动 收到 ：表示被动
accept the gift. ?I am willing to _______ accept ?He _________ _____ received the present, but he didn’t it.
服务费，酬金（如付给律师，医生等） （一般用复数 ）
Pay the lawyer’s fees (付律师费)
fare Ex. Travel at half _______( 半价票旅行).
fees (学费帐单). A bill for school ______
out of breath 上气不接下气 out of use 没用了 out of order 出故障了 out of control 失控了 out of sight 看不见了 Out of sight, out of mind. 眼不见为净。
be out of work= be out of a job （失业, 没有工作） be in work 有工作 out of 意为“在…之外”,“向…外”;表示失 去,没有,用完;不再处于某种状况。
either... or... (两者之中)…或…
要么…要么 e.g. I will visit either Paris or London.
Either you or I am right. Either you or he is right. Either Kate or her brothers are right. *注意:就近一致原则
This was a time when one had got to have a passbook to live in Jannesburge. This was a time when...... 这是一个......的时期 There was a time when a deep blue sky, the song of the birds, moonlight and flowers could never have kept me spellbound. There was a time when...... 曾有一段时间......
我慕容云海，对着大地，对着天空， 对着云，对着风，对着鲜花彩虹发誓， 我这辈子只爱楚雨荨一个人。我会让 她快快乐乐地过一辈子，直到老去， 死去。
桃枝为约，苍天为证。此 情，上穷碧落下黄泉· · · 见证 vt. witness, find, see, mark
The last thirty years have seen the greatest number of laws stopping our rights and progress
在某段时期 发生某情况 时间+某些动词(see, find, witness等) 译为“见证，目睹”
Oct 1,1949 saw the foundation of People’s Republic of China.
…only then did we decide to answer violence with violence.
He is able to keep quiet only when he is tired . →Only when he is tired is he able to keep quiet .
1.把句中的情态动词，be动词或助动词have，has，had 移到 主语前面
We can succeed only by working hard. → Only by working hard can we succeed .
He has become very rich only by selling fruits .
→ Only by selling fruits has he become very rich .
2.若句中没有以上的词，则在主语前添加相 应的助动词（do,does,did)，并把动词改 为原形
We knew the truth only when he told us .
→ only when he told us did we know the truth .
Para 5 put sb. in (into) prison把……关进监狱 be in prison
be in the prison
prison表示蹲监狱时, 其前不用冠词 “有the强调场所”
类似: bed, church, hospital, school,
go to school 去上学 go to the school 去学校
1.as a matter of fact--- in fact
2.blow up （blow-blew-blown）
使...爆炸 3.achieve one’s dream of doing sth
1. You could go to the lawyer for some advices. advice 2. At that time, black people were often out of a work. a job work 3. Only then did wewe determined determine to blow up the government buildings. 4. As a matter of fact , he is equal to doing the job. 5. He was put into the prison . prison