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必修一unit5 language


Unit 5 Nelson Mandela ---a Modern Hero
Language points for Reading

千里之行始于足下。 不积跬步无以至千里,不积细流无以成江河。 量的积累,质的飞跃。

quality

指人: 品质
指物: 质量
可数 不可数

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quantity
数量
谓动词用复数 谓动词用单数

a large quantity of

large quantities of

谓动词一律用复数

A large quantity of beer was sold out. 大量的啤酒被售出。 A large quantity of blouses were on sale. 大量罩衫有售。 Quantities of food are on the table. are Quantities of books__________ on the desk.

“我深知人民的期待,我绝不辜负人民的期望,一定

要以人民给我的信心、勇气和力量,忠实的履行宪法 赋予我的职责殚精竭虑、鞠躬尽瘁、不负重望。” “我真诚希望,我连同我这一生给人民做的有益的事 情,人们都把它忘记,并随着我日后长眠地下而湮没 无闻。”

devote
毕生致力于

献身,专心于
devote oneself (one's time/energy) to sth/doing sth

她毕生致力于帮助别人

She devoted herself to helping others all her life.
她毕生致力于科学事业.

She devoted herself to science all her life.

形容词adj:devoted 专注的
be devoted to sb/ sth专注于某人某事 a devoted friend
忠实的

a devoted couple

恩爱的

mean

吝啬的,自私的

mean
形容词adj:吝啬的,自私的
对某人吝啬 对某物吝啬 be mean to sb be mean with sth
V.

动词

meant-meant
打算做某事

1,意欲,计划

2,意味着

mean to do sth mean doing sth

meant to be I_________________early, however, that means getting up ______________early.

我本打算早点来的,但那又意味着要早点起床。

拿~~~~~~命~~~~~~~来~~~~~~~~~~

death n. die-died-died vi dead adj. 死去的

死亡

die
die of die from
die off
死于内因(害怕,饥饿,衰老,悲伤)

死于外因(事故,外部创伤,自然灾难,过于 劳累)

相继死去

died of In the cold winter, many animals __________cold and hunger. died from He ___________a traffic accident. died of Her uncle __________a cancer last year.

generous (adj.慷慨的,大方的) be generous with sth 在某事上很大方 be generous to sb. 对某人慷慨大方 be generous to do sth be generous in sth 乐于….

不要吝惜你的赞美。
Be generous with your praise.

不论发生什么事,对待朋友你要大方点。
No matter what happens, be generous to your friends.
雷锋是个乐于助人的人。

Lei Feng is a person who is generous in helping others.

Advice n. 劝告,建议(不可数)

a piece of advice

两个建议

two pieces of advice

go to sb. for advice 向…寻求建议
当处于困难中的时候,他向他爸爸寻求建议。

He goes to his father for advice when he is in trouble .
Advise

v. advise sb. to do sth. advise that sb. should do sth.

equal

平等的, 相等的

be equal to 与...在(大小,数量,价值等)相等
be equal in
在...方面平等

三十分钟等于半小时
30 minutes is equal to half an hour

他们能力相当
They are equal in ability.

continue

/ go on

continue to do sth continue doing sth

继续做某事 持续做某事

go on doing sth go on to do sth

接着做同一件事

接着做另一件事

to do ? Go on ________English homework after you finish math homework. ? 做完数学作业后,接着做英语作业。

doing my ? After a short break, I go on________ homework. ? 在短暂的休息后,我继续做作业。

Para.4
Line 25

accept VS receive
接受:表示自愿,主动 收到 :表示被动

accept the gift. ?I am willing to _______ accept ?He _________ _____ received the present, but he didn’t it.

fee:

服务费,酬金(如付给律师,医生等) (一般用复数 )

Pay the lawyer’s fees (付律师费)

fare:

(公共汽车,轮船等交通工具的)费用,票价

fare Ex. Travel at half _______( 半价票旅行).

fees (学费帐单). A bill for school ______

out of breath 上气不接下气 out of use 没用了 out of order 出故障了 out of control 失控了 out of sight 看不见了 Out of sight, out of mind. 眼不见为净。

be out of work= be out of a job (失业, 没有工作) be in work 有工作 out of 意为“在…之外”,“向…外”;表示失 去,没有,用完;不再处于某种状况。

either... or... (两者之中)…或…
要么…要么 e.g. I will visit either Paris or London.

Either you or I am right. Either you or he is right. Either Kate or her brothers are right. *注意:就近一致原则

This was a time when one had got to have a passbook to live in Jannesburge. This was a time when...... 这是一个......的时期 There was a time when a deep blue sky, the song of the birds, moonlight and flowers could never have kept me spellbound. There was a time when...... 曾有一段时间......

我慕容云海,对着大地,对着天空, 对着云,对着风,对着鲜花彩虹发誓, 我这辈子只爱楚雨荨一个人。我会让 她快快乐乐地过一辈子,直到老去, 死去。

桃枝为约,苍天为证。此 情,上穷碧落下黄泉· · · 见证 vt. witness, find, see, mark

The last thirty years have seen the greatest number of laws stopping our rights and progress

在某段时期 发生某情况 时间+某些动词(see, find, witness等) 译为“见证,目睹”
Oct 1,1949 saw the foundation of People’s Republic of China.

Only you

…only then did we decide to answer violence with violence.
…直到那时我们才决定以武力解决武力。

only+状语或状语从句”位于句首时,句子要用 部分倒装。
He is able to keep quiet only when he is tired . →Only when he is tired is he able to keep quiet .

倒装方法:

shall,should,can,could,may, might,will,would等

1.把句中的情态动词,be动词或助动词have,has,had 移到 主语前面

We can succeed only by working hard. → Only by working hard can we succeed .

He has become very rich only by selling fruits .
→ Only by selling fruits has he become very rich .

2.若句中没有以上的词,则在主语前添加相 应的助动词(do,does,did),并把动词改 为原形
We knew the truth only when he told us .

→ only when he told us did we know the truth .

Para 5 put sb. in (into) prison把……关进监狱 be in prison
be in the prison
在蹲监狱
在监狱里

prison表示蹲监狱时, 其前不用冠词 “有the强调场所”

注意
类似: bed, church, hospital, school,

university etc.
go to school 去上学 go to the school 去学校

1.as a matter of fact--- in fact

事实上
2.blow up (blow-blew-blown)

使...爆炸 3.achieve one’s dream of doing sth

实现,获得

Proof reading:
1. You could go to the lawyer for some advices. advice 2. At that time, black people were often out of a work. a job work 3. Only then did wewe determined determine to blow up the government buildings. 4. As a matter of fact , he is equal to doing the job. 5. He was put into the prison . prison


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