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2016届高考英语 专题十七 短文改错


专题十七 短文改错

2015~2011 年各省市高考题 Passage 1 (2015·新课标全国Ⅰ)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文, 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共 有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:

把多余的词用斜线(﹨)划掉。 修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 When I was a child,I hoped to live in the city.I think I would be happy there.Now I am living in a city,but I miss my home in countryside.There the air is clean or the mountains are green.Unfortunately,on the development of industrialization, the environment has been polluted.Lots of studies have been shown that global warming has already become a very seriously problem.The airs we breathe in is getting dirtier and dirtier.Much rare animals are dying out.We must found ways to protect your environment.If we fail to do so,we'll live to regret it. 答案 When I was a child, I hoped to live in the city.I think I would be happy thought

there.Now I am living in a city,but I miss my home in air is clean

countryside.There the

or on the mountains are green.Unfortunately, the development of and with

industrialization,the environment has been polluted.Lots of studies have shown that global warming has already become a very seriously airs problem.The we serious air

Much breathe in is getting dirtier and dirtier. rare animals are dying out.We must Many

found your ways to protect environment.If we fail to do so,we'll live to regret find our/the it. 1.解析 考查动词的时态。根据前面一句可知,这是发生在小时候的事情,故用一般过去时 态。 答案 第 2 句:think→thought 2.解析 考查冠词的用法。in the countryside (在乡村)为固定短语。 答案 第 3 句:countryside 前加 the 3.解析 考查并列词的用法。那儿的空气洁净,群山葱绿。由句意可知两个分句之间显然为 并列关系,而非选择关系。 答案 第 4 句:or→and 4.解析 考查介词的用法。with the development of...为一固定短语,意思是“随着?? 的发展”。 答案 第 5 句:on→with 5.解析 考查被动语态的用法。众多研究表明,全球变暖已经成为一个十分严重的问题。由 句意可知,studies 和谓语 show 之间为主动关系,故要用主动语态。 答案 第 6 句:去掉 been 6.解析 考查形容词的用法。修饰名词 problem 应当用形容词。 答案 第 6 句:seriously→serious 7.解析 考查不可数名词的用法。air 作“空气”讲时为不可数名词。 答案 第 7 句:airs→air 8.解析 考查代词的用法。Animals 为可数名词复数,故用 many。 答案 第 8 句:Much→Many 9.解析 考查情态动词的用法。情态动词后面要接动词原形。 答案 第 9 句:found→find 10.解析 考查语境中代词的用法。依据前后句的语境及逻辑关系可知 your 与上下文相悖, 结合句意应当改为 our/the 才能使句意通顺。 答案 第 9 句:your→our Passage 2 (2015·新课标全国Ⅱ)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文, 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共

有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧)并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 One day ,little Tony went to a shopping center with his parent.It was very crowded.Tony saw a toy on a shop window.He liked it so very much that he quickly walked into the shop.After looks at the toy for some time,he turned around and found where his parents were missing.Tony was scared and begun to cry.A woman saw him crying and telling him to wait outside a shop.Five minutes later,Tony saw parents.Mom said, “How nice to see you again!Dad and I were terrible worried.”Tony promised her that this would never happen again. 答案 One day,little Tony went to a shopping center with his on a shop window.He liked it so in parent .It was very parents much that he quickly

crowded.Tony saw a toy

walked into the shop.After

looks at the toy for some time,he turned around and looking begun to cry.A began

found

his parents were missing.Tony was scared and

woman saw him crying and

telling a him to wait outside shop.Five minutes later, told the

Tony saw

parents.Mom said, “How nice to see you again!Dad and I were

terrible terribly

worried.”Tony promised her that this would never happen again. 1.解析 考查名词复数。由第五句中的“his parents were missing.”可知此处应当用复 数形式。 答案 第 1 句:parent→parents 2.解析 考查介词的用法。玩具是摆放在商店的橱窗里面的,故用介词 in。

答案 第 3 句: on→in 3.解析 考查固定句型的用法。由语境可知,托尼非常喜欢这个玩具,于是快速走进商店。 so...that...为固定句型,意思是“如此??以致于??”,故去掉 very。 答案 第 4 句: 去掉 very 4.解析 考查省略的用法。After 之后省去了主语 he,he 与 look at 之间为逻辑上的主谓 关系,故应当用现在分词。 答案 第 5 句: looks→looking 5.解析 考查宾语从句连接词的用法。动词 found 之后为宾语从句,从句为系表结构,意思 完整,故将 where 去掉或改为没有词义且不作成分的 that。 答案 第 5 句: 去掉 where 或 where→that 6.解析 考查并列谓语的用法。由句子结构可知,begin 与 was scared 并列,因此,要用 一般过去时。 答案 第 6 句:begun→began 7.解析 考查并列谓语的用法。 有一位妇女看到他哭泣就告诉他去商店外面等。 由句意可知, tell 这一动作是这个妇女发出的,应当与 saw 构成并列谓语。故改用 told。 答案 第 7 句:telling→told 8.解析 考查冠词的用法。表示谈话双方共知的名词前要用定冠词。 答案 第 7 句:a→the 9.解析 考查物主代词的用法。 根据句意及英语表达习惯, 应当在 parents 前加上与主语相 一致的物主代词。 答案 第 8 句:saw 后加 his 10.解析 考查副词的用法。形容词 worried 之前要用副词来修饰。 答案 第 10 句:terrible→terribly Passage 3 (2015·四川)

下面短文中有 10 处语言错误。请在有错误的地方增加、删除或修改某个单词。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意: 1.每句不超过两个错误;

2.每处错误及其修改均仅限一次; 3.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Hi, Janice, It's been a month since I came to this new school and I really want share with you some of the problems I have been experiencing. As I tell you last time, I made three new friend here.We hang out together during lunch and after school.We've been spending a lot of time sing in karaoke bars.It's been three Saturdays now and it really costs me many.And I started to see this as a time-wasting activity! In fact,I don't like to go anymore, so I'm afraid I'll lose their friendship.How do you think I should do? If you are me,would you talk to him? Please help with me and give me some advice. Grace 答案 Hi, Janice, It's been a month since I came to this new school and I really want ∧to share with you some of the problems I have been experiencing. As I tell friend you last time, I made three new here.We hang out together told friends sing in karaoke singing

during lunch and after school.We've been spending a lot of time bars.It's been three Saturdays now and it really costs me

many .And I started to see much so I'm afraid but

this as a time-wasting activity! In fact,I don't like to go anymore,

How are I'll lose their friendship. do you think I should do? If you me,would you What were talk to him ? them me and give me some advice. Grace 1.解析 考查动词 want 的用法,want 后用不定式作状语,故加上 to。 答案 want 后加 to

Please help

2.解析 考查时态。根据时间状语 last time 可知,此句需用一般过去时,故把 tell 改成 told。句意:正如我上次告诉你的那样。 答案 tell→told 3.解析 考查名词的复数。名词 friend 为可数名词,其前有 three 修饰,需要用复数形式, 故把 friend 改成 friends。句意:我在这儿交了三个新朋友。 答案 friend→friends 4.解析 考查动名词作宾语。本句考查句型 spend...(in)doing sth 结构,故把 sing 改成 singing。 答案 sing→singing 5.解析 考查代词。根据句意,指的是花费很多钱,故用 much 而非 many。句意:那真的花 费很多。 答案 many→much 6.解析 考查连词。上一分句句意:我不想再去;下一分句句意:我怕失去他们的友谊,两 个分句之间有转折关系,故把 so 改成 but。 答案 so→but 7.解析 考查疑问词的选择。本句中 do 之后缺少宾语,故用 what。 答案 How→What 8.解析 考查虚拟语气。根据句意可知,此处为虚拟语气,与现在事实不符,故把 are 改成 were。句意:如果你是我,??。 答案 are→were 9.解析 考查代词。根据上文可知,作者交了三个朋友,故用 them。句意:你会和他们说 吗? 答案 him→them 10.解析 考查动词。动词 help 为及物动词,其后接宾语时无需加介词,故去掉 with。句 意:请帮帮我,给我一些建议。 答案 去掉 with Passage 4 (2015·陕西)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文, 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共 有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下画一横线( ),并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 My soccer coach retired in last week.I wanted to do anything special for him at his retirement party.My mum makes the better biscuits in the world,so I decide to ask her for help.Mum taught me some basic step of baking.I insisted on doing most of the baking myself.I thought the biscuits were really well.My only mistake was that I dropped some on the floor after I was packing them up. At a party,my coach,with a biscuit in his mouth,asked surprisingly who made them and joked, “I might have to retire again next year just get some more of these biscuits.” My favorite picture at the party is of my coach and me enjoy the biscuits with happy laughter! 答案 My soccer coach retired last week.I wanted to do anything special for something

him at his retirement party.My mum makes the

better biscuits in the world,so I best

decide step to ask her for help.Mum taught me some basic of baking.I insisted on decided steps doing most of the baking myself.I thought the biscuits were really mistake was that I dropped some on the floor At well .My only good

after I was packing them up. when/while

a party,my coach,with a biscuit in his mouth,asked surprisingly who made the

them and joked, “I might have to retire again next year just these biscuits.” My favorite picture at the party is of my coach and me with happy laughter! 1.解析 last week 上个星期,前面无需加冠词。

get some more of

enjoy the biscuits enjoying

答案 去掉 in 2.解析 something 用在肯定句中,表示“一些事”,anything“任何事”。 答案 anything→something 3.解析 我的妈妈做了世界上最好吃的饼干,此处不是比较含义,应是最高级(best)。 答案 better→best 4.解析 全文的时态都是一般过去时,故把 decide 改为 decided。 答案 decide→decided 5.解析 根据前面的 some,step 应该是复数形式。 答案 step→steps 6.解析 作表语的是形容词 good,well 是副词,作状语。 答案 well→good 7.解析 我唯一所犯的错误就是当我包装饼干的时候,掉在地上一些。when/while 当?? 的时候,after 在??之后。 答案 after→when/while 8.解析 此处表特指,at the party 在晚会上。 答案 a→the 9.解析 动词不定式表示目的,我也许得再退休一次,能吃到更多的饼干。 答案 just 后加 to 10.解析 and 连接两个并列的(动)名词,enjoy 是动词,所以改成 enjoying。

答案 enjoy→enjoying Passage 5 (2015·浙江)

下面短文中有 10 处语言错误。请在有错误的地方增加、删除或修改某个单词。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写上该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(﹨)划掉。 修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写上修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 My old classroom was interesting because three side of the classroom were made from glass.I enjoyed sit close to the windows and looking at the view.On the left -hand side of the class,I could easy see the football field.In the mornings,

it was full of students exercising.The view from the back of the classroom is also splendid.Close to the school there was a beautiful park with many trees around them.Farther in the distance,I could not enjoy the view of snowy mountains.On the right side of the class was the road.I was always interested to see the drivers in hurry in the morning.The position of the classroom with its view made me felt like I was dreaming.If I was only a child when I studied in that classroom,I will never forget it. 1.解析 考查名词的复数形式。前面有 three 修饰,故要用复数形式。 答案 第一句:side→sides 2.解析 考查固定表达。be made of 是指不经过加工,能直接看出原材料;be made from 是指经过加工,不能直接看出原料。 答案 第一句:from→of 3.解析 考查非谓语动词。动词 enjoy 后要接动名词作宾语。 答案 第二句:sit→sitting 4.解析 考查形容词和副词的错用。修饰动词 see 要有副词形式。 答案 第三句:easy→easily 5.解析 考查动词的时态。本文描述的是作者原来的旧教室,故要时态保持一致,用一般过 去时。 答案 第五句:is→was 6.解析 考查代词的错用。代替前面的单数 a beautiful park 要用 it。 答案 第六句:them→it 7.解析 考查逻辑关系。在更远处,我可以欣赏雪山的美景。 答案 第七句:not 去掉 8.解析 考查固定表达。in a hurry 匆匆忙忙。 答案 第九句:in 后加 a 9.解析 考查非谓语动词。make sb do...使某人做某事。 答案 第十句:felt→feel 10.解析 考查状语从句引导词。尽管在那座教室学习时我是唯一的一个孩子,但我将永远 忘不了它。 答案 最后一句:If→Although/Though

Passage 6

(2014·新课标全国Ⅰ)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文, 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共 有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Nearly five years before,and with the help by our father,my sister and I planted some cherry tomatoes(圣女果)in our back garden.Since then—for all these year—we had been allowing tomatoes to self-seed where they please.As result,the plants are growing somewhere.The fruits are small in size,but juicy and taste.There are so much that we often share them with our neighbors.Although we allow tomato plants to grow in the same place year after year,but we have never had any disease or insect attack problems.We are growing wonderfully tomatoes at no cost! 1.解析 ago 常与一般过去时连用;before 常与完成时连用,这里谓语是 planted,用的是 过去式,故用 ago。 答案 第一句中 before→ago 2.解析 with the help of...在??的帮助下。 答案 第一句中 by→of 3.解析 由前面 all these 可知应用 year 的复数形式。 答案 第二句中 year→years 4.解析 根据时间状语“since then”可知,主句应为现在完成时,所以把 had 变为 have。 答案 第二句中 had→have 5.解析 as a result 为固定搭配,译为“结果”。 答案 第三句中 as 后加 a 6.解析 因为种子落在哪里就在哪里生根发芽,所以这种植物长得到处都是。everywhere

到处;somewhere 某处。 答案 第三句中 somewhere→everywhere 7.解析 are 后面应用形容词,and 连接形容词 juicy 和 tasty。

答案 第四句中 taste→tasty 8.解析 根据谓语 are 可知后面应用修饰可数名词的 many,而 much 修饰不可数名词。 答案 第五句中 much→many 9.解析 although 引导让步状语从句,不可与 but 连用,但可以与 yet 连用。 答案 第六句中 but 去掉或改为 yet 10.解析 因 tomatoes 为名词应用形容词修饰,所以把副词改为形容词。 答案 第七句中 wonderfully→wonderful Passage 7 (2014·浙江)

下面短文中有 10 处语言错误。请在有错误的地方增加、删除或修改某个单词。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写上该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写上修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 I was taking a train to London's Victoria Station.I had noticed that the carriage was noise and filled with people. Before long,a train inspector comes to check our tickets.A passenger realized he couldn't find his ticket but became quite upset.Then everyone in the carriage began searching the ticket,which was eventually found under a seat several rows from his owner.The person who found a ticket smiled with pleasure at his success. No one in the carriage had previous spoken to or even noticed the ticket-owner before.Yet they had so quickly offered the strangers their help.If we could show concern to others on need,the world would be a better place to live in. 1.解析 考查时态一致。文章主体时态为一般过去时。 答案 去掉 had 2.解析 考查词性。be 动词后应用形容词,noise 为名词。 答案 noise→noisy 3.解析 考查时态,before long 后用一般过去时。 答案 comes→came 4.解析 考查句子关系。一位乘客意识到他的票不见了,他开始不安起来。应为承接关系,

而非转折关系。 答案 but→and 5.解析 考查固定搭配。search for=look for 寻找。 答案 searching 后加 for 6.解析 考查代词指代。此处是票的主人用 its 或主人 the owner。 答案 his→its/the 7.解析 考查冠词。上文提到过用 the 表特指。 答案 a→the 8.解析 考查形容词、副词用法。修饰动词的应为副词,previous 是形容词。 答案 previous→previously 9.解析 考查前后一致。从上文看,丢票的是一个人,故应用单数。 答案 strangers→stranger 10.解析 考查固定结构。in need 需要。 答案 on→in Passage 8 (2014·四川)

下面短文中有 10 处语言错误。请在有错误的地方增加、删除或修改某个单词。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每句不超过两个错误; 2.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 3.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Hello,boys and girls!Today,I am going to talk with what you should do when a fire alarm go off.If you hear the alarm,stand in line at the door and wait your teacher to lead you outside.Stay close to your teacher and classmate.Don't panic or get out of line,and trying to remain quiet and calmly.Soon the firefighters will come and put out a fire.If it's a false alarm and there is no fire,your teacher will lead us back to the classroom.If you notice that when someone is missing and hurt,tell your teacher immediately. 【语篇导读】 这是一篇实用文体,向读者介绍遇到火警时的正确做法。

1.解析 talk with 后面常跟指人的词, 意思是“同某人交谈”。 talk about 意为“谈论”。 答案 with→about 2.解析 表达客观事实通常使用一般现在时态。a fire alarm 为单数名词,故谓语动词应 当用单数第三人称形式。 答案 go→goes 3.解析 wait 为不及物动词,后跟宾语时要加上介词 for。 答案 在 wait 之后加上 for 4.解析 classmate 为可数名词,此处应当用复数形式。 答案 classmate→classmates 5.解析 根据 and 一词可知本句与前面的祈使句并列,所以应当用动词原形。 答案 trying→try 6.解析 由并列连词 and 可知本词与 quiet 都作系动词 remain 的表语。故词性应与 quiet 一致。 答案 calmly→calm 7.解析 前文已提到火灾,这里特指那场火。 答案 a→the 8.解析 根据短文意思可知这是老师告诉同学们的一些注意事项。用的均是第二人称。 答案 us→you 9.解析 宾语从句中使用了两个连接词, 根据句意“如果你们注意到有人失踪或受伤??” 可知 when 是多余的。 答案 去掉 when 10.解析 如果某人失踪了,就无法判断他受伤与否。这两个词之间是选择关系,故用 or。 答案 and→or Passage 9 (2014·陕西)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文, 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共 有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\ )划掉。 修改:在错的词下画一横线( ),并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 My father took me out camping for the first time when I was seven.He wanted teach me about animals,insects and trees.My uncles all come along with bows and arrows for hunting. One evening at sunset,we sat by the fire,have our barbecue.Just then a bird was flying over us.My uncles immediate jumped up and shot their arrows on the bird.Neither of the arrows hit the target.Suddenly the arrows was flying down at us from the sky-they were looked like rain!We ran to escape but fortunately no one was injured. That day I didn't learn much about animals,insects or trees,but I learnt a impressive lesson about gravity! 1.解析 考查非谓语动词。want to do sth 想要做某事,为固定搭配。 答案 He wanted 后加 to 2.解析 考查动词时态。本文的主体时态为一般过去时。 答案 come→came 3.解析 考查非谓语动词。 一个句子只能有一个谓语动词, 因此此处应为非谓语动词作伴随 状语。 答案 have→having 4.解析 考查形容词副词修饰关系。副词修饰后面的动词 jumped up。 答案 immediate→immediately 5.解析 考查介词的使用。 shoot at...朝??射击。 下文的 Suddenly the arrows was flying down at us from the sky.也给本句提供了答案。 答案 on→at 6.解析 考查不定代词。根据前文的 arrows 一词可以看出,此处不是只有两只箭,因此把 Neither 改为 None,表示三支以上。 答案 Neither→None 7.解析 考查主谓一致。主语为复数形式 arrows,谓语动词应用复数。 答案 was→were 8.解析 考查语态。look 作为系动词,无需用被动语态。 答案 去掉 were

9.解析 考查连词。根据句意:我们跑开了,幸运的是,没有人受伤。可以看出,此处为承 接关系,并非转折关系。 答案 but→and 10.解析 考查冠词的使用。后面的 impressive 一词第一个读音为元音,因此用 an。 答案 a→an Passage 10 (2014·辽宁)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文, 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共 有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Dear Jeremy and Alice, Although we've been delighted to have you as neighbors,we're hoping to settle something that bothers to us.In a word,your dog—Cleo. We've called several time about Cleo's early morning barking.It is difficult to understanding why she barks every minute she's outside.The early morning barking have been disturbing us as we are often up all night with the baby.Beside,Cleo tends to bark a average of six hours a day.This morning she starts barking even before 5 o'clock.That is too much for us,considering how closely the houses are. We appreciate our apologies and goodwill,but we hope that you can figure a good way of settling the matter. Sincerely, Jack and Rose 1.解析 bother 为及物动词,无需加 to。 答案 去掉 to 2.解析 当“次数”讲时,time 为可数名词。 答案 time→times 3.解析 动词不定式符号 to 后跟动词原形。

答案 understanding→understand 4.解析 主谓一致问题。主语为单数,谓语动词用单数形式。 答案 have→has 5.解析 besides 除此之外,连词。beside 在??一边,介词。 答案 Beside→Besides 6.a→an 7.解析 考查时态。今天早晨的事情自然用一般过去时。 答案 starts→started 8.解析 考查形容词 close 和 closely 的区别,房子距离近用 close,具体意义;closely 表抽象意义。 答案 closely→close 9.解析 考查人称代词。我们感激你的歉意,后句的 you 给本题提供了答案。 答案 our→your 10.解析 考查固定搭配。figure out 找出。 答案 figure 后加 out Passage 11 (2013·新课标全国Ⅱ)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文, 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共 有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 The book I'm reading of talks about afternoon tea in Britain.It is said to have started in the early 1800's.Have tea in the late afternoon provides a bridge between lunch and dinner,that might not be served until 8 o'clock at night.This custom soon becomes another meal of day.Interesting , it had a connection by the British porcelain(瓷器) industry.Tea in China was traditionally drank from cups without handles.When tea got popular in Britain,there was a crying need for good cup with handles to suit British habits.This made for the grow in the porcelain industry.

答案 The book I'm reading of\ talks about afternoon tea in Britain.It is said to Have have started in the early 1800's. tea in the late afternoon provides a bridge Having that between lunch and dinner, might not be served until 8 o'clock at night.This which custom soon becomes Interesting another meal of ∧,the) day. ,it had a connection became Interestingly

by drank the British porcelain(瓷器) industry.Tea in China was traditionally with/to drunk from cups without handles.When tea got popular in Britain,there was a crying need for good cup grow with handles to suit British habits.This made for the in the cups growth

porcelain industry. Passage 12 (2013·四川)

下面短文中有 10 处语言错误。请在有错误的地方增加、删除或修改某个单词。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每句不超过两个错误; 2.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 3.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Today we had a chemistry test.I found the test difficulty,but I tried hardly to do it.Suddenly Mary, my best friend,asking me to let her to copy my answers.After think for some time,I let her copy my answers.But after the test,all of us were called to the teacher's office.The teacher was angry because we had same answers in the tests.We were warned not to cheat again so she would need to see our parents.I was very upset.I didn't cheat.I was just helping a friend.Why does she punish me? 答案

Today we had a chemistry test.I found the test

, but I tried

hardly,hard) to do it.Suddenly Mary, my best friend,

me to let her

copy my answers.After

for some time, I let her copy my answers.But after

the test,

of us were called to the teacher's office .The teacher was angry

because we had the same answers in the

.We were warned not to cheat again

she would need to see our parents.I was very upset.I didn't cheat.I was just

helping a friend.Why Passage 13 (2012·陕西)

she punish me?

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文, 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共 有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下画一横线( ),并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 My father and I stayed at the South Lake Hotel for a week when we visit Beijing last month. It is in the downtown area, but it is easy to go to anywhere from the hotel by public transport. We lived in a comfortably double-room with a big bath. What I liked best were the free high-speed Internet connection in the room. I checked my email messages every day. I also shared for my friends many photos taking in Beijing. The food was wonderful with reasonable prices, and we enjoyed several local dish. It is such great hotel that I would recommend it to any friend of me who is going to Beijing. 答案 My father and I stayed at the South Lake Hotel for a week when we visit Beijing visited

last month. It is in the downtown area, the hotel by public transport. We lived in a

but it is easy to go to\ anywhere from so/and

comfortably were double-room with a big bath. What I liked best comfortable was

the free high-speed Internet connection in the room. I checked my email messages every day. I also shared for taking my friends many photos in Beijing. The food with taken dish . dishes me mine

was wonderful with reasonable prices, and we enjoyed several local

It is such ∧a great hotel that I would recommend it to any friend of who is going to Beijing. Passage 14 (2011·浙江)

下面短文中有 10 处语言错误。请在有错误的地方增加、删除或修改某个单词。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写上该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写上修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 I was playing at my cousin house.Since his family was rich than mine,he had more toys than I did.There was one on particular I'd always wanted.I put into my pocket when he wasn't looking.I guessed,even at that age,I would never be able to enjoy to playing with the toy or faced my cousin again;I would always know I'd done something wrong.Late on,my aunt drove my home.When she dropped me off,I pulled out the toy slow and gave it back.She knows what had happened,but she thanked me and ever mentioned it again. 答案

I was playing at my

house.Since his family was

than mine,

he had more toys than I did.There was one

particular I'd always wanted.I put

into my pocket when he wasn't looking.I guessed,even at that age,I would

never be able to enjoy

playing with the toy or

my cousin again;I would

always know I'd done something wrong.

on,my aunt drove my home.When she

dropped me off,I pulled out the toy

and gave it back.She

what

had happened,but she thanked me and

mentioned it again.

1.考查的词类覆盖面广,分布合理。错误包括词法、句法、语篇结构、行文逻辑等,涉及名 词、冠词、代词、介词、形容词、副词、连词、动词时态、动词语态、非谓语动词、主谓 一致等语法知识。在改错题中,占相当大比例的主要是动词的形式变化、一般现在时第三 人称单数、一般过去时、-ed 分词、-ing 分词及被动语态等。其他如名词复数的变化、 主谓一致、词与词之间的搭配、词法、句法及语篇中的行文逻辑等方面也会交替出现。 2.短文改错试题的难度保持平稳,体裁以记叙文为主,记叙文较说明文和议论文更易理解; 句子结构以简单句为主, 过渡到以复合句和并列句为主。 句子的长度是控制难度的一个重 要因素,句子越长难度越高。从近几年考试题来看,短文改错的句子平均长度趋于平稳, 但几乎每篇都有一个长达 20 多个词的句子。这就需要考生在这个句子中判断出二到三个 地方有错或无错,增加了试题的难度。


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