……所有这些方法肯定会…… It is high time that something was done about it. For example, in addition, all these measures will certainly…… 5.……对我们国家的发展和建设是必不可少的， （也是）非常重要的。首先，……而且……， 最重要的 是… ...is necessa
ry and important to our country”s development and construction. First....,What’s more,....,most important of all.,……… 6.有几个可供我们采纳的方法。首先，我们可以…..；……有一些好处，另外一种解决的方 法是…… There are several measures for us to adopt. First，we can......there are a number of advantages of…….Another solution is to…….. 7.为什么……？第一个原因是……；第二个原因是……；第三个原因是……总的来说，…… 的主要原因是由于…… Why？The first reason is that….The second reason is…..The third is…..For all this，the main cause of it due to….. 8.然而，正如任何事物都有好坏两个方面一样，……也有它的不利的一面，像…此外， ... However，just like everything has both its good and bad sides，also has its own disadvantages， such as.Besides。 9.尽管如此，我认为……更有利。 Nonetheless，I think …. is more advantageous. 10.同意……这种观点（陈述），主要理由如下：…… I fully agree with the statement ,that is because…… （三）结尾句 1.至于我（对我来说，就我而言），我认为……更合理。只有这样，我们才能…… For my part，I think it reasonable to….. Only in this way can you…… 2.对我来说，我认为有必要……。原因如下：第一，……；第二，……；最后但同样重要的 是…… In my opinion，I think it necessary to……The reasons are as follows; First,....Second,....Last but not least,.......
3.至于我，在某种程度上我同意后面的观点，我认为…… As far as I am concerned，I agree with the latter opinion to some extent. I think that…… 4.总而言之，整个社会应该密切关注……这个问题。只有这样，我们才能在将来…… In a word， the whole society should pay close attention to the problem of…..Only in this way can we in the future…… 5.但是，……和……都有它们各自的优势（好处）。例如，……，而……然而，把这两者 相比较，我……更倾向于（喜欢）…… But,….and….have their own advantages. For example,.....while,…….Comparing this with that， however，I prefer to….. 6.就我个人而言，我相信……，因此，我坚信美好的未来正等着我们。因为…… Personally，I believe that. Consequently，I”m confident that a bright future is awaiting us because. 7.随着社会的发展，……因此，迫切需要……如果每个人都愿为社会贡献自己的一份力量， 这个社会将要变得越来越好。 With the development of society。So it’s urgent and necessary to…..If every member is willing to contribute himself to the society，it will be better and better. 8.在总体上很难说……是好还是坏，因为它在很大程度上取决于……的形势。然而，就我 个人而言，我发现… It is difficult to say whether is good or not in general as it depends very much on the situation of….However，from a personal point of view, I find…...
固定短语 1.经济的快速发展 the rapid development of economy 2.人民生活水平的显著提高/ 稳步增长 the remarkable improvement/ steady growth of people’s living standard 3.先进的科学技术 advanced science and technology 4.面临新的机遇和挑战 be faced with new opportunities and challenges 5.人们普遍认为 It is commonly believed/ recognized that… 6.社会发展的必然结果 the inevitable result of social development 7.引起了广泛的公众关注 arouse wide public concern/ draw public attention 8.不可否认 It is undeniable that…/ There is no denying that…
9.热烈的讨论/ 争论 a heated discussion/ debate 10. 有争议性的问题 a controversial issue 11.完全不同的观点 a totally different argument 12.一些人 …而另外一些人 … Some people… while others… 13. 就我而言/ 就个人而言 As far as I am concerned, / Personally, 14.就…达到绝对的一致 reach an absolute consensus on… 15.有充分的理由支持 be supported by sound reasons 16.双方的论点 argument on both sides 17.发挥着日益重要的作用 play an increasingly important role in… 18.对…必不可少 be indispensable to … 19.正如谚语所说 As the proverb goes: 20.…也不例外 …be no exception 21.对…产生有利/不利的影响 exert positive/ negative effects on… 22.利远远大于弊 the advantages far outweigh the disadvantages。 23.导致，引起 lead to/ give rise to/ contribute to/ result in 24.复杂的社会现象 a complicated social phenomenon 25.责任感 / 成就感 sense of responsibility/ sense of achievement 26. 竞争与合作精神 sense of competition and cooperation 27. 开阔眼界 widen one’s horizon/ broaden one’s vision 28.学习知识和技能 acquire knowledge and skills 29.经济/心理负担 financial burden / psychological burden 30.考虑到诸多因素 take many factors into account/ consideration 31. 从另一个角度 from another perspective 32.做出共同努力 make joint efforts 33. 对…有益 be beneficial / conducive to… 34.为社会做贡献 make contributions to the society 35.打下坚实的基础 lay a solid foundation for… 36.综合素质 comprehensive quality 37.无可非议 blameless / beyond reproach 39.致力于/ 投身于 be committed / devoted to… 40. 应当承认 Admittedly, 41.不可推卸的义务 unshakable duty 42. 满足需求 satisfy/ meet the needs of… 43.可靠的信息源 a reliable source of information 44.宝贵的自然资源 valuable natural resources 45.因特网 the Internet (一定要由冠词，字母 I 大写) 46.方便快捷 convenient and efficient 47.在人类生活的方方面面 in all aspects of human life 48.环保(的) environmental protection / environmentally friendly 49.社会进步的体现 a symbol of society progress
50.科技的飞速更新 the ever-accelerated updating of science and technology 51.对这一问题持有不同态度 hold different attitudes towards this issue 52.支持前/后种观点的人 people / those in fovor of the former/ latteropinion 53.有/ 提供如下理由/ 证据 have/ provide the following reasons/ evidence 54.在一定程度上 to some extent/ degree / in some way 55. 理论和实践相结合 integrate theory with practice 56. …必然趋势 an irresistible trend of… 57.日益激烈的社会竞争 the increasingly fierce social competition 58.眼前利益 immediate interest/ short-term interest 59.长远利益. interest in the long run 60.…有其自身的优缺点 … has its merits and demerits/ advantages and disadvantages 61.扬长避短 Exploit to the full one’s favorable conditions and avoid unfavorable ones 62.取其精髓，取其糟粕 Take the essence and discard the dregs。 63.对…有害 do harm to / be harmful to/ be detrimental to 64.交流思想/ 情感/ 信息 exchange ideas/ emotions/ information 65.跟上…的最新发展 keep pace with / catch up with/ keep abreast with the latest development of … 66.采取有效措施来… take effective measures to do sth 67.…的健康发展 the healthy development of … 68.有利有弊 Every coin has its two sides。
▲举例：for example，for instance，take…for example，such as，like，and so on，so on and so forth，and so on and on and on， etc.等。 ▲说明：that's to say，in other words，namely，等。 ▲因果：so，for，therefore，as a result，thus，because，because of，thanks to…，owing to…， due to …等 ▲递进：then，besides，in addition， furthermore，moreover， what's more 等。 ▲顺序： firstly， secondly， thirdly， finally； in the first place， in the second place， in the third place， To begin with，then，furthermore，finally；to start with， next， in addition，finally；first and foremost besides， last but not least；most important of all，moreover，finally（以上为时间 顺序） in the front of，in front of …，before， behind， at the back of， on the right/left （of） ，to the right /left of…，on the other side of …，in the center of …，in the middle of …，at the beginning of ， at the end of …， by the side of …， on the top of …， at the foot of …， on the bottom of， inside，outside， upstairs， downstairs（以上为空间顺序）
▲转折： nevertheless， however， although， though， but， on the country， after all， oppositely 等。 ▲总结： in short， in a word， in general， generally speaking， finally，at last，as far as I know，in brief， briefly speaking， in the end， as a matter of fact， in reality， in fact， on the whole， in conclusion， on account of this， therefore 等。 ▲强调： really， indeed，certainly，surely，for sure， above all 等。 ▲对比： in the same way，just as，in common with， compared with， on the one hand…on the other hand， for one thing… for another，similarly 等。 ▲平行： and， both…and， as well as， as well， neither…nor…or， either…or， not only…but also 等。 议论文的框架 (1) 不同观点列举型（ 选择型 ） There is a widespread concern over the issue that __作文题目_____. But it is well known that the opinion concerning this hot topic varies from person to person. A majority of people think that _ 观点一________. In their views there are 2 factors contributing to this attitude as follows: in the first place, ___原因一_______.Furthermore, in the second place, ___原因二_____. So it goes without saying that ___观点一_____. People, however, differ in their opinions on this matter. Some people
hold the idea that ___观点二_______. In their point of view, on the one hand， ___原因一 _______. On the other hand, ____原因二_____. Therefore, there 二______. As far as I am concerned, I firmly support the view that __观点一或二______. is not only because ________, but also because _________. The more _______, the more ________. It is no doubt that ___观点
Nowadays, there is a widespread concern over (the issue that)___作文题目______. In fact, there are both advantages and disadvantages in __题目议题_____. Generally speaking, it is widely believed there are several positive aspects as follows. Firstly, ___优点一______. And secondly ___优点二_____. Just As a popular saying goes, "every coin has two sides", __讨论议题______ is no exception, and in another word, it still has negative aspects. To begin with, ___缺点一______. In addition, ____缺点二______. To sum up, we should try to bring the advantages of __讨论议题____ into full play, and reduce the disadvantages to the minimum at the same time. In that case, we will definitely make a better use of the ____讨论议题___.
( 3 ) 答题性议论文 Currently, there is a widespread concern over (the issue that)__作文题目_______ .It is really an important concern to every one of us. As a result, we must spare no efforts to take some measures to solve this problem. As we know that there are many steps which can be taken to undo this problem. First of all, __途径一______. In addition, another way contributing to success of the solving problem is ___ 途径二_____. Above all, to solve the problem of ___作文题目______, we should find a number of various ways. But as far as I am concerned, I would prefer to solve the problem in this way, that is to say, ____方法_____.
( 4 ) 谚语警句性议论文 It is well know to us that the proverb: " ___谚语_______" has a profound significance and value not only in our job but also in our study. It means ____谚语的含义_______. The saying can be illustrated through a series of examples as follows. ( also theoretically ) A case in point is ___例子一______. Therefore, it is goes without saying that it is of great of importance to practice the proverb ____谚语_____. With the rapid development of science and technology in China, an increasing number of people come to realize that it is also of practical use to stick to the saying: ____谚语_____. The more we are aware of the significance of this famous saying, the more benefits we will get in our daily study and job..
2012 年书面表达（谚语） 你校正在进行”英语读书周”活动，该活动要求学生摘录名言佳句（quote）并相互交流。以 下是某同学摘录的句子：”Your future depends on many things but mostly on you”：请按下列要 求用英语写一篇 100-120 个词的短文： 1. 针对摘录句中的观点谈谈你的看法； 2. 举例说明理由 注意：短文的开头已给出（不计词数） In the English Reading Week, one of my classmates recommended a quote to us, which goes like this: “Your future depends on many things, but mostly on you. ” _______________________ 高考范文： In the English Reading Week, one of m classmates recommended a quote to us which goes like this : “Your future depends on many things but mostly on you. “ I can’t agree more with
this view. It’s true that our future is determined by many things, such as opportunities and help from others, but our own attitude, determination, and hard work play a more important role. In other words, we are the master of our own future. Take Abraham Lincoln, for example. He was born in a poor family, and only received a limited education in his childhood. Yet through his painstaking efforts, he changed not only his own fate but also the history of America. Even to this day, Lincoln is regarded as one of the most inspiring figures in the world. Therefore, I firmly believe that our future is in our own hands.
2008 年书面表达 （不同观点） 人们完成工作的方式通常有两种：独立完成和合作完成。两种方式各有特点。请你以 “Working Individually or Working in a Team”为题，按照以下要点写一篇英语短文： 1. 独立完成：自行安排、自己解决问题。 2. 合作完成：一起讨论、相互学习 3. 我喜欢的方式和理由 注意：词数 100-120，文章的题目和开头已给出（不计词数） 。 Working Individually or Working in a Team There are basically two ways to get work done. __________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________ 高考范文： Working Individually or Working in a Team
There are basically two ways to get work done. One is to work individually. In this way, people can decide for themselves when to start work and how to do it. What’s mor e, they will be able to learn bow to solve problems on their own. People may also choose to work in a team, where they can learn from each oth-er and help each other. Besides, they may work out better ways to get work done by discussio n. Personally, I prefer to work in a team, which offers me a chance to learn how to get along with others and to share my experiences with them. As the work can be divided a mong several people, it can be done efficiently. Teamwork is always important.
暑假即将来临，你班同学就假期计划进行讨论，提出了不同看法，请根据提示写一篇英语短 文，并谈谈你的看法。 注意：1.词数：80～120(不含已写好部分)； 2．短文必须包括表中所列要点，可根据内容分段表述； 3．可适当增加细节，以使行文连贯； 4．参考词汇：眼界 horizon (或 view)。 The summer holiday is coming.Our class have had a discussion about what to do during the holiday. ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________.
The summer holiday is coming.Our class have had a discussion about what to do during the holiday. Some are in favor of staying at home.They think it’s both convenient and comfortable.What’s more， they can save money for other purposes.But they will lose the chance of getting to know the
outside world.However，others prefer to go out for traveling since it can increase their knowledge and broaden their horizons.But they will spend more money and meet some difficulties while traveling. In my opinion，it would be much better to stay at home，for I can do what I like，such as reading books，watching TV，and helping my parents with the housework.