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阅读理解之细节题解题技巧


阅读理解—细节题解题技巧
阅读理解中按照题型分类,主要分为哪几类??? 细节题 推理题 词义猜测题 结构顺序题 主旨大意题 细节类问题的命题方式有以下几种: 1)Which of the following is NOT true according to the information in the passage? 2) The author mentions al

l of the following except . . . 3)Which of the following statements is correct according to the passage? 4)The writer mentions all of the items listed below except ______. 5) Which of the following is mentioned in the passage? 6) What is the example of . . . as described in the passage? 7) According to the passage, when (where, why, how, who, etc. ) ... 有关推理的试题常常包括以下类型: 出现特征:在考题中经常出现的词有 infer, imply, indicate, conclude, learn from, probably, most likely, prove /according to 等。 1) It can be inferred from the text that ______. 2) From the text we know that ______. 3) The story implies that ______. 4) The paragraph following the passage will most probably be ___. 5) The writer’s attitude toward...is ______. 6)The author implied(suggested)that. . . 7)It may be concluded from the passage that. . . 词义猜测 题型常见的设题方式有: 1)The underlined word(phrase)in the passage means ____. 2)The word "it(them)"in the first paragraph refers to ____. 3)The underlined sentence in the last paragraph means ____. 4)Which of the following is closest in meaning to the underlined word in the second paragraph? 5) The underlined word “burning” in Para. 3 probably means _______. 结构顺序题 常见提问方式: 1.How is the passage organized? 2.Which of the following best shows the structure of the passage ? 3.The author develops the passage mainly by…. 主旨大意题的提问方式有以下几种: 1)The general/main idea of the passage is about ____. 2)Which of the following best states the theme of the passage 3)The passage is mostly about ____. 4)What is the main topic of the passage? 5)What is the best title for the passage? 6)The subject discussed in this text is _____ 7)The author’s main purpose in writing the passage is to … 8)The purpose of this article is to …

细节解题策略 解题三部曲 1.定位(题文一致原则) 2. 划定位词 一、定位 题文一致原则

3. 对比判断

阅读 A: India is an ancient civilization with rich cultural heritage (遗产), and its cultural heritage has something to do with all major religions of the world. Here we take a look at some of the top heritage destinations in India. Sun Temple, Konark As the name suggests this temple is all about the power of the sun God. A huge chariot (二轮战车) drawn by seven horses and twelve pairs of wheels reflect the importance which ancient people placed on the power of the sun. The pictures of animals and humans give this place a special look. Churches Goa Goa is the only Indian state which was under the Portuguese (葡萄牙人), so the scene in Goa is dotted with (点缀着) Portuguese style churches. Some of the famous churches include the church of Saint Catherine, church of Saint Augustine and church of saint Francis of Assisi. These churches exhibit beautiful paintings and flower designs which make them a must visit. Ajanta and Ellora Caves These caves contain well designed paintings which are widely regarded as the most outstanding works of Buddhist religious art. Taj Mahal, Agra Built on the bank of the Yamuna River, it is an excellent building. The writing and paintings on the outside structure provide the finest examples of the outstanding style of buildings.

Sanchi Sanchi is a UNESCO world heritage site with numerous Buddhist temples dating back to the seventh and eighth centuries. On your visit to India, be sure to visit some of these heritage destinations. An Indian journey is not wonderful without experiencing the beauty of these heritage destinations. 1:What can we learn from the passage? A.Ellora Caves only have statues of animals. B.The Portuguese controlled the whole India two centuries ago. C.Indian cultural heritage is related to religions. D.The church of Saint Catherine is the earliest one in the world. 2:The ancient people in India attached importance to . A.animals B. the sun’s power C. ancient temples D. ancient civilization 3.Which of the following was influenced by the Portuguese? A. Sun Temple, Konark B. Sun Temple, Konark C. Ajanta and Ellora Caves D. Tai Mahal, Agra 4. If you want to know something about Buddhist something about Buddhist monument you can visit_____ A. Sun Temple, Konark B. Churches Goa C. Ajanta and Ellora Caves D. Sanchi 5:What is the main idea of the passage? A.Several top heritage destinations in India. B.The great effect that Indian religion has on culture. C.India has rich cultural heritage in the world. D.India is famous for its cultural heritage. 让我们再一次验证一下题文一致原则 阅读 B: Honeybees can do three kinds of jobs. The honeybee is one of the most unusual insects in the world. Bees are special because they divide up their work. Each bee has a certain job to do. The busiest bee is the worker. Workers build the nest, called a hive. Inside the hive, workers make a honeycomb from wax(蜂蜡). They store honey there for food. Workers are always cleaning and fixing the hive. They even stand at the opening and fan their wings to cool the hive. Worker bees will attack anything—even people—to keep their hive safe. Another kind of bee is the drone(雄蜂). Drones are male bees, and their job is to fly with the queen bee and mate with her. After the queen mates, the worker bees drive the drones away. The drones then starve to death.

The third kind of bee is the queen. Each hive needs only one queen, and her job is laying eggs. She can lay as many as 2, 000 eggs a day. 6. The bee’s nest is called a _______. A. drone. B. honeycomb. C. hive. D. wax. 7. Wax is used to make the _______. A. nest. B. honeycomb. C. fan. D. hive. 8. Which jobs do workers do? A. They lay 2, 000 eggs each day and build a nest. B. They mate with the queen bee and then starve. C. They clean the hive and keep it cool. D. They attack the queen bee. 9. According to the story, bees _______. A. are very dangerous insects. B. will attack anything or anyone to protect the hive, if necessary. C. are like any other insect that flies. D. eat each other as food. 二、判断定位词 判断方法 1: 明显词 大写字母开头的词, (如地名、人名、专有名词)或者数字(英文时间) 任务:请框出第 3-4 题干中的定位词,并在原文中定位 判断方法 2: 辨别性高 主要有: 1)adj./adv. 比较级或最高级 2)实词 v./ n. ( 广东 2014) 44. Ebbesmeyer is most famous for______ A. traveling widely the coastal cities of the world B. making records for any lost objects on the sea C. running a global currents research association D. phoning about any doubtful objects on the sea 原文:P4….As the result of his work, Ebbesmeyer has become known as the scientist to call with questions about any unusual objects found floating in the ocean…. (广东 2013 年)44. some programs can find out possible cheaters by _____ A. B. C. D. Checking the question answering speed Producing a large number of question Scanning the Internet test question Giving difficult test question

原文 P6:other programs can produce unique exam by drawing on a large list of questions and can recognize possible cheaters by analyzing whether difficult test question are answered at the same speed as easy ones。 若定位词无效, 则?__________________________

(广东 2013 年)26. what do we know about Tom? A. He was seriously ill. C. He was crazy about magic. B. He was a dishonest boy. D. He was Dr. Epstein’s patient.

原文:P1 Fred Epstein, in his book If I Make It to Five, tells a story he heard from one of friends about Tom, a four-year-old boy with a cancer in his back bone. He came through several operations and a lot of pain by mastering his imagination. 若没有定位词, 如阅读第 1 小题, 则?_______________ 、 _________________ 三、如何对比判断,得出答案? 广东 2014) 44. Ebbesmeyer is most famous for______ A. traveling widely the coastal cities of the world B. making records for any lost objects on the sea C. running a global currents research association D. phoning about any doubtful objects on the sea 原文:P4….As the result of his work, Ebbesmeyer has become known as the scientist to call with questions about any unusual objects found floating in the ocean…. 此题得出方法:_______________ When Tom went for the third operation, he ___. A. pretended to be painful B. acted like a superhero C. appeared in poor spirits D. argued with his mother 原文 P4: The next day Tom appeared as the powerful Superman showing off through the hospital halls and coolly waving his hand to the people greeting him along the way… 此题得出方法:_______________ What did the students do when the author started his class? They began to talk. They stayed silent. They raised their hands. They should to be heard. 原文 P5:A terrible silence ruled the room, and seeing no other opinions, I inspected the students to pull out their notebooks and write a brief essay related to the theme of deep disappointment. 此题得出方法:_______________ 最后请总结阅读题细节题的解题技巧:


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