高考完形填空常用词汇总结 动词类： 1“看” ____看的动作/____看的结果; _____观察/o______为了研究进行的观察; _____注意(结果) take_____of 注意到 catch sight of______ stare at______glare at _____ glance at ______ glimpse at_______ _____ a fi
lm ______ TV _______books 2“说” ____ sth to sb.=____ sb sth 告诉的内容 ____ with sb about sth 强调说话者之间的交流 ____ sth 诉说的内容 _____ English 说的语言 whisper sth to sb _____ ______ sb ___ sth 通知某人某事 reason /talk/persuade sb into doing sth _____________ bargain_______ chat______ repeat____ explain_____ warn_____ remind________ _______ 讨论 debate_____ figure _____declare_____ claim_____ mention _____ admit _____ deny _____ _______描述 announce ______ ________ 介绍 complain__________ 3“叫” _____哭叫 call____ shout_____ scream_____ moan____ sigh_____ quarrel______ 4“问” _____询问 interview _____ _________表达 question_________ 5“答” __________回答 r__________回应(用其他方式回应) reply__________ 6 “听”__________听的动作 _______听的结果 pick up______ overhear_________ 7“写” dictate______ _____ sth 写 ________描写 drop a line _______ draw______ ______ down/______down/______down 写下，记下(短语) 8“拿/放” _____拿走 _____拿来 hold_____ ______扛，挑 （无方向性）_______去取 lift_____ _____放 lay ______ pull_____/push_____ 9“抓” take hold of 抓着 seize 紧抓 grasp 握住 scratch 抠 10“打” ____一次性的打击 _____不间断的打击 _____突然的击打/突然想到 blow_____ attack_______ 11“扔” ______扔 drop___________ _____ 倒下无意掉下来 wave ____ shake______ 12“送” _____寄送 deliver____ ______给 ________主动给予 _________给某人送行 13“摸/抱” touch____ /fold______ /embrace_____ / hug___/hold _____ in one’s arms 14“踢/碰” kick_____/______敲/ tap _____ 15“行” walk run climb jump skip _____ slip_____ come/go _____进入 move_____ drive_____ _____骑 fly crawl ________ 16“坐” sit down be seated seat oneself take a seat/ stand 站，耸立/ lean______ 17“睡/休息” lie /on one’s back/ on one side/ on one’s stomach stay in bed have a rest take a nap_____ be asleep bend turn over________ rest 18“笑” smile 微笑（不出声） laugh burst into ________ burst out _________ 19“哭” cry shed tears 留泪 weep_______ sob_____ burst into____/burst out _______ 20“找/查” ______找到 _______正在找过程 ________查明 discover/explore __________ hunt for/ search for / seek / seek for/ in search of_____ search sb ____ search sp. for sth ________ check______ examine ___________ test__________ inspect_________ 21“穿” ________动作 ______穿戴 have sth. __ 穿着 be dressed ___ 穿的状态 ______试穿 pull on ____make-up______ get changed______ be in red take off _______remove _____ 22“吃/喝” eat/drink sip 吮吸 _____ a meal /supper toast taste _____ sb ___ sth.请某人吃 _______sb. with sth.用…款 help oneself __ sth.随便吃 23“得” get obtain acquire_________ gain possess 24“失”_____丢了 be l____ /be m______人错过失踪，不见 be _____不见（物）,一去不复返 great loss die die off________ die away __________ 25“有” have own________ conquer______ occupy______ possess _________ 26“无” nothing left the remaining thing disappear be missing /gone 27“增/减” rise / go up/increase/g____/f____ /d____ /r______/go down/de________ 人主动抬价 raise /bring up /bring down /reduce increase/decrease 28“买/卖” buy purchase afford pay pay off pay for sell on sale bargain bill / cheque / cash/ credit card notes/ coins discounts
29“存在/消失”come into being exist appear survive live show turn up disappear die die out pass away be out of sight 30“变化” develop improve become grow go+ bad /wrong/ sour /without（negative adj.） turn + colour change /change into reform transform convert 31“认识的过程”feel sense guess suppose wonder doubt know /learn realize understand remember be familiar with recall recite apply to 32“成功/失败”make it succeed make progress come true realize one’s dream win lose fail to do failure defeat suffer loss beat turn sth. into reality 33“努力” try /manage make efforts attempt do ones best do as much as one can to do 34 祝贺 congratulations on sb celebrate observe 庆祝 get together 聚会 35 赞美/批评 praise think highly of / blame sb for sth/ sb is to blame criticize /scold sb. for sth. have a low opinion of sb speak ill of compliment 36 喜/恶 like love be fond of be keen on be crazy about adore be into prefer enjoy in favor of dislike hate be awful/disgusting ignore turn off 37 判断 think believe consider find feel conclude infer doubt 38 到达 arrive at reach return to get to stay in sp visit leave leave for on one’s way to upon one’s arrival on doing sth 39 受伤 hurt injured wound cut kill drown bleed get burnt suffer from suffer a loss 40 损坏 damage destroy ruin break down be broken crash 41 修复 repair rebuild restore fix recover oneself 42 支持/反对 agree disagree accept receive refuse turn down be against elect vote for/ against 43 做饭 cook wash cut chop boil fry steam make mix clean brush cover uncover cooker 44 建议 advise suggest recommend urge propose demand persuade 说服 45 花费 sth+cost sb+spend+ in doing sth Sb+afford +n/to do sth sb+ pay+$ for sth. It +take some time/ money/energy +to do sth at the expense /_______/__________of sth. 46 省/存钱 save /save up set aside put away spare no effort/ time 47 参加 take part in join /join in attend compete in/ for/against p______________ 48 控告 accuse sb. _______ charge sb. ________ 49 救治 help /help out save /rescue sb from sth. Treat______ / cure _______sb. of sth aid sb in doing sth / to do sth help sb with sth assist sb in doing sth 50 敬佩 admire respect show respect for/to adore envy /be jealous in honor of 51 逃避 ran away escape from flee hide 52 阻止/禁止 prevent / keep/ stop sb. from doing sth forbid doing sth. ban prohibit 53 对付/处理 handle / do with / deal with /cope with/ tackle /overcome sth solve settle get over 54 效仿 copy imitate learn from learn 54 爆发/发生 come about happen to take place break out burst out go off explosion set off 55 安装/装备 fasten fix set equip be armed with 用什么武装 be equipped with 装备有 56 追求 pursuit ran after seek after chase catch up with keep up with 57 想/考虑 think of 考虑/+as 把什么看成 think about consider think over be concerned be considerate towards sb. 58 打算 plan / intend / design to do be going to do /be about to do /will do 59 似乎/好象 seem appear look like as if / as though 60 开办/关闭 open start set up close/close up end close down 名词类“ 1 假期 vacation holiday spring break ask for leave be on holiday have two days off 2 旅游 trip journey tour voyage travel tourist passenger go camping/picnicking/hiking 3 职务人员 clerk secretary passer-by friend minister manager waitress guest host hostess assistant customer adult neighbor relative patient /vet staff crew nurse teacher
conductor tailor sailor inventor gardener guard 4 餐馆/定餐/就餐 inn restaurant kitchen menu bill order tip fork and knife reserve /book table taste delicious salad dash vegetables fruit tray napkin 5 诊所/看病/服药 clinic hospital take one’s temperature take medicine/pills have a fever/flu/headache doctor physician surgeon specialist patient 6 车站/机场 airport on board miss the train/bus catch a train meet sb. 7 身体部位 arm head hair brain waist back shoulder pulse wrist 8 意志 will courage patience determination faith effort confidence ambition energy 9 才能/品质 talent gift ability potential intelligent promising smart stupid careful proud strict honest cold serious easy-going learned knowledgeable 10 优缺点 advantage disadvantage strength weakness 11 目标 aim goal intention purpose belief faith ambition 12 方式 means method way manner approach solution 13 身体素质 strong weak pale sick ill be well keep slim/ fit cut weight/put on /gain weight 14 图表 photo picture graph drawing table line/bar graph pie chart draw a sketch 划草图 15 文章 reading translation essay poem paper novel/fiction article magazine newspaper journal 日志 diary 日记 Files form make a list of 16 课堂 class course lecture example reason message notes words phrase scholarship degree subject question trouble difficulty grades read comment marks 17 学校活动 match game activity hold a meeting /debate /speech/ ceremony contest 18 建议/观点 advice suggestion idea proposal view recommendation 19 气候/天气 climate weather storm windy cloudy rainy snow hot/cold/freezing/heat/warmth 20 交通 by train/bus /boat bike on the train/bus /a bike drive a car ride a bike give sb. a lift/ride 21 习惯 tradition habit custom get used to regular______ practice______ daily routine 22 感觉 sight hearing touch smell sense 23 情感 feeling emotion anger delight sadness sorrow sympathy 24 财富 money possession wealth belongings fortunes treasure diamond be rich/well-off 25 运动比赛 on the playground on the track and filed pitch event game match sports player coach judge jogging weightlifting play volleyball/soccer 26 衣服 clothes, cloth, clothing clothes 统指各种衣服，谓语动词永远是复数， cloth 指布，为不 可数名词 clothing 服装的总称，指一件衣服用 a piece of, an article of 27 事件 incident, accident incident 指小事件, accident 指不幸的事故 形容词类 1 人的各种感受 乐 happy delighted to one’s joy pleased amused 悲 sad unhappy painful bitter 平静 calm quiet silent/still peaceful 烦 bother bored be fed up with be tired of 震惊 surprised astonished shocked /amazed 满意 be satisfied with /be content to do 怕 in fear be frightened /scared /afraid/terrified/horrified 失望 desperate disappointed hopeless be depressed / frustrated 生气 annoyed angry disgusting burst into rage 2 表程度的副词类 narrowly/ nearly/ almost hardly/ hard extremely/ very very / quite/rather far / by far accidentally/ once in a while occasionally/ once Farther/ further better/ worse be well/ good however/ therefore/so/thus ?. 易考的近义词组 run/ manage grow/ plant leave/remain fit/ suit/ match hit/ beat/strike meet/ satisfy touch /feel play /perform contain/ hold /seat/ fill lie/sit/locate help/work/ do Fall/ sink/ drop matter/ problem /trouble/issue money/ account cause/ reason that’s why/ that’s because because / since, as/ for last/ continue keep/ stay treat/ cure/ operate separate/ divide stand/ bear/tolerate/hold turn/become/go change/vary/range
provide/supply/offer/ give/send preserve/deserve/serve/reserve 词汇替换 1. occur 替换 think of 2.devote…to sth./doing 替换 spend…in doing 3.seek 替换 want / look for 4. average 替换 ordinary 5. nothing but 替换 very 6.seated 替换 sitting 7.be supposed to do 替换 should 8.appreciate 替换 thank 9.the case 替换 true 10. on doing 替换 as soon as 11.due to 替换 because of 12.cover 替换 walk/read 13.contribute to 替换 be helpful/useful 14. round the corner 替换 coming soon/ nearby 15.come to light 替换 discover 16. have a ball 替换 have a good time/ enjoy oneself 17．come up with 替换 think of 18. set aside 替换 save 19．be of + n. 替换 adj. 20．refer to 替换 talk about/of, mention 21. can not but / can not help but 替换 have to do 22．more often than not 替换 usually 23. lest 替换 so that /in order that 24． long for sth. / long to do sth. 替换 want to do sth./wish for 25. be caught up in/be crazy about/be absorbed in/be addicted to/be keen on 替换 be interested in 26. more than 替换 very 27．perfect (ly) 替换 good/ very well 28．do sb a/the favor 替换 help 29. the other day 替换 a few days ago 30． in the course of 替换 during 31． the majority of 替换 most 32. consist of 替换 be made up of 33．be worn out 替换 be tired / broken 34. become of 替换 happen 35. attend to 替换 look after 36.on condition that 替换 as long as 37. nevertheless 替换 however 38. express one’s satisfaction with 替换 be satisfied with 39. spare no efforts to do 替换 try one’s best to do 40. many a 替换 many 41. be rushed off one’s feet 替换 be busy in doing 42.a handful of 替换 a little / some 43. meanwhile 替换 at the same time 44. get to one’s feet 替换 stand up 45. beneath 替换 under 46. occasionally 替换 sometimes /once in while 47. for instance 替换 for example 48. seldom 替换 not often 49.wealthy 替换 rich 50. amazing 替换 surprising 51. as a matter of fact 替换 in fact 书面表达衔接词 1.增补：in addition 另外, furthermore 此外, besides, moreover 此外 2.比较：in the same way, similarly, equally, in comparison 比较起来 3.对照: whereas 然而, in contrast 与此相反, on the other hand, instead, however, nevertheless, unlike, even though/if, on the contrary, while, in spite of, despite, regardless of 3.因果:because, because of, for, since, due to, owing to, thanks to, as a result(of), on account of, accordingly, hence, so, thus 5.强调:certainly, of course, surely, actually, as a matter of fact, above all, indeed, chiefly, mainly, especially, primarily, in particular, undoubtedly, absolutely, most important 6.让步：although, though, after all, in spite of, nevertheless, still, provided, while it is true.... 7.例证：for example, for instance, that is, namely, such as, in other words, in this case, by way of 8.总结: to sum up, to conclude, in a word, in short, in brief, all in all, (to put it) in a nutshell, in summary 9.推断:therefore, as a result(of), consequently, accordingly, so, otherwise 10.时间和空间：afterward, after, first, later, then, soon, outside, near, beyond, above, below, on the right(left), in the middle, opposite, in front of 启承转合 1)、启 A proverb says...... At present.......As the proverb says.... Currently.....Generally speaking, .... Now,....In general, ..... On the Whole....It is clear that.... Recently.....It is often said that.... Without doubt, ....... 2)、承 First(of all), ...... Moreover, .........Firstly, ............ No one can deny that....In the first place, ......... Obviously.....To begin(start) with, ......... Of course, .........Also, ....... Similarly,.........At the same time...... Therefore, we should realize that.....Certainly...... There is no doubt that.......In addition,..... What`s more, ..........In fact........ It can be easily proved that...Meanwhile...... 3)、转 But... Still, ......But the problem is not so simple...There is a certain amount of truth in this, but we still have a problem with regard to.......However,....... To our surprise,..........Nevertheless, ........ Unfortunately.......On the other hand, .......Yet difference will be found and that is why I feel
that........Others may find this to be true, but I do not. I think..... 4)、合 Above all, In brief, ........Accordingly, ..... In conclusion, ........All in all, .......In other words, it is hard to escape the conclusion that........As a consequence, ......... In short, .........As I have shown/said/stated/.... In sum, ........In summary, ....... As has been noted, ....Obviously, ......... By so doing, .....On the whole, ..... Consequently, ........Presumably, ....... Eventually, .........To conclude, ...... Finally, ........To sum up, ..... In a word, ......To summarize, ...... 书面表达的常用句型 一) 比较 The advantage far outweigh the disadvantages. The advantages of A are much greater than those of B. A and B has several points in common/ differ in several ways. Evidently, it has both negative and positive effects. 二)原因 1.A number of factors are accountable for this situation. A number of factors might contribute to (lead to )(account for ) the phenomenon(problem). The change in ...largely results from the fact that... Part of the explanations for it is that ... One of the most common factors (causes ) is that ... Another contributing factor (cause ) is ... Perhaps the primary factor is that /But the fundamental cause is that ... 二) 后果 It may give rise to a host of problems. Its consequence can be so great that... 三)证明 Unfortunately, none of the available data shows ... Recent studies indicate that ... There is sufficient evidence to show that .../According to statistics proved by ..., it can be seen that ... 四)开篇 Many nations have been faced with the problem of ... Recently the problem has been brought into focus/the phenomenon has become a heated topic./ the issue has aroused great concern among ... Nowadays there is a growing concern over .../ Faced with ..., quite a few people argue that ... According to a recent survey, ...With the rapid development（…） of ..., ... 7)With the deepening of Chinese reform and opening up 8） When it comes to...， some people think ／believe??that...， others argue ／claim that opposite is true. There is probably??some truth in both arguments／statements，but... 五)结尾 1) From what has been discussed above, we can draw the conclusion that ... 2) It is high time that strict measures were taken to stop ... 3) It is necessary that steps should be taken to ... 4) To solve the above-mentioned problem, we must ... 5) Taking all these into account, we ... 6) Whether it is good or not /positive or negative, one thing is certain/clear...