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倒装与强调


Grammar
Inversion 倒装

? 而倒装语序中又有完全倒装(Full Inversion) 和部分倒装(Partial Inversion) 完全倒装(Full Inversion):又称"全部倒 装",是指将句子中的谓语动词全部置于主语之前。 此结构通常只用与一般现在时和一般过去时。 部分倒装(Partial I

nversion):指将谓语的 一部分如助动词或情态动词倒装至主语之前,而 谓语动词无变化。如果句中的谓语没有助动词或 情态动词,则需添加助动词do, does或did,并 将其置于主语之前。

? 倒装句之全部倒装说明 ? 全部倒装是只将句子中的谓语动词全部置于主 语之前。此结构通常只用于一般现在时和一般 过去时。常见的结构有: 1.表示方位的副词 here,there,up,down,in,out,away,off或表示时间 的副词now,then等放句首 Eg:

? ? ? ?

Here comes the bus. There goes the bell. Now comes your turn. Out went the children

? 注意:当代词做主语时,主谓不颠倒。 ? Here it is. ? In she came and began to cry.

? 2.地点状语(常见介词短语)放句首 ? South of the city lies a big steel factory. ? In a lecture hall of a university in England sits a professor. ? On the wall hang two maps of china

? 3.表语(常见形容词,介词短语,分词)前置 ? Present at the meeting were Professor White,Professor Smith and many other guests. ? Gone are the days when the Chinese people were looked down upon. ? In the middle of the river was a boat

部分倒装
? 部分倒装是指将谓语的一部分如助动词或 情态倒装至主语之前。如果句中的谓语没 有助动词或情态动词,则需添加助动词do, does或did,并将其置于主语之前。(相当 于变成一般疑问句)

? 1.否定词no, none, neither, nor, nobody, nothing, never,或半否定词hardly, seldom, scarcely, barely, little, few, 否定词的短语not until, by no means, not only…but also…, in no way, neither …nor…, in no time, no sooner…than…, hardly…when…, 及频度状语副词every day, every other day, many a time, often等位于句首 时,一般须部分倒装。

? ? ? ?

Neither do I know him. 我也不认识他。 No word did he say before he left. 他一句话没说就走了。 Little did I know about it. 我对它了解得不多。 Often did he come here with a good smile on his face. 他来这里 时,脸上挂着笑容。 ? Not only did he come, but also he brought us good news. 他不 但来了,而且给我们带来了好消息。(注意not only 后面的句子 倒装,but also后面的不倒) ? Neither do I know it ,nor do I care about it.(注意neither,nor后的 句子都要倒装) 注意:当not only…but also,neither…nor连接并列的句子成分如主语 时不倒 Not only he but also I am able to speak English.

? Not until he returned did we have supper. ? No sooner had they got there than the train left.

2.Only + 状语(副词,介词短语,状语从句),置 于句首时,一般须用部分倒装。如: ? Only when I got there did I know the truth. 我只 有到那里时才知道事情的真相。 ? Only in the morning can you meet him. 你只有在 早晨见到他。 注意Only + 名词做主语时,不可倒装。如: ? Only Li Lei can answer this question. 只有李蕾能 回答这个问题。

3.结构so…that…/ such…that…引导状语从句,当 so或such提到句首时,主句须用倒装语序。如: ? So interesting is that story that everyone wants to read it. 那个故事那么有趣,大家都想看。 ? So good a girl is she that we all like her. 她是一 个如此好的女孩,我们大家都喜欢她。 ? (比较) Such a good girl is she that we all like her. 她是一个如此好的女孩,我们大家都喜欢她。

4.用于so,nor,neither开头的句子表示重复前句部分 内容。 ? He has been to Beijing.So have I.(我也是) ? Li Wei can’t answer the question.Neither can I. (我也不能) 注意下面句子 ? I hear she studies hard. So she does.(的确如此) ? He is a good student and often helps others. So it is with her.(It is the same with us)(她也是)

5. as / though引导让步状语从句时的部分倒装。 (其中as必须倒装 though 可倒装也可不倒装) as / though引起的倒装分三种情况:做表语的 形容词或名词注意名词前不加冠词、动词原形 及做状语的副词放在句首的倒装。 ? Old as / though he is, he works like a young man. 尽管他很老了,但他工作起来却像个年轻 人。 ? Hard as / though he was working, he didn’t pass the exam. 虽然他一直在努力学习,但他 还是没有通过那次考试。 ? Try again as / though he will, he can’t succeed. 尽管他还会再试一试,但是它不会成功 ? Child as he was,he had to make a living.

6. may用来表示祝愿时,一般用部分倒装。如: ? May you have a good journey. 祝你旅途愉快。 ? May you succeed. 祝你成功。 7. 当虚拟条件句的谓语含有were, had, should时, 可将if省略,而将were, had, should提到句首, 形成部分倒装。如: ? Were he here, we would have no difficulty with it. 要是他在这儿的话,我们就不会有难处了。 ? Had you worked hard, you would have finished it early. 要是你工作努力的话,你将早就完成了。

Grammar 强调句

经典句式——强调句型 ? It is the women who run Naxi society. 强调句的基本结构: It is \ was +被强调部分+ that\ who+其余部分。被强调的可以是主 语、宾语和状语等,如果被强调的是人用that或who; 其它用that。 强调句的疑问句结构

Was / Is it... that / who...? 特殊疑问句的强调结构是: 疑问词+is / was it that...? 对not... until... 的强调
It is/was …not until …that…

强调句型是高考常考句型,也是写作必备句型

C regular radio broadcasts 1. It was not until 1920 _____ began.A. which B. when C. that D. since 2.It was only with the help of the local guide ___________. B A. was the mountain climber rescued B. that the mountain climber was rescued C. when the mountain climber was rescued D. then the mountain climber was rescued 3.It was _____ A he said _____ disappointed me. A. what, that B. that, that C. what, what D. that, what C that prevents so many 4.I just don’t understand ___ Americans from being as happy as one might expect. A.why it does B.what it does C.what it is D.why it is 5. It was the training _____ he had as a young man _____ D made him such a good engineer. A. what; that B. that; what C. that; which D. which; that

1.用助动词“do、does(一般现在时)”或 “did(一般过去时)”强调谓语动词 ? e.g. The baby is generally healthy,but every now and then she does catch a cold. ? 那孩子的健康状况尚好,但就是偶尔患感 冒。 ? Do be quiet.I told you I had a headache. ? 务必安静,我告诉过你,我头疼。 ? He did do his homework last night. ? 他昨天晚上的确做了家庭作业。

? 2.强调句型 ? 强调句型是英语中的一种重要的句子结构,它是英语学习 者必须掌握的一种重点句型,因而在高考英语试卷上占有 一席之地。 ? 一、强调句型的基本结构 ? 强调句的基本结构是It is / was... that / who... ? 强调句子主语且主语是sb.时可以用who也可以用that, 其 他情况一律用that。当强调主语时that / who后的谓语动词 与主语的人称和数保持一致。如: ? 1) It is he who / that often helps me with my English. ? 2) It is trees that we plant on the hillside every year. ? 3) It is on the hillside that we plant trees every year. ? 4) It is every year that we plant trees on the hillside.

? 二、 对not... until... 的强调 ? It is/was not until …that… ? It was not until she took off her dark glasses that I realized she was a famous film star.

? 三、强调句的疑问句结构 ? Was / Is it... that / who...?如: ? 1) Was it in the war that he lost his son? ? 2) Was it you that / who are helping the old man? ? 特殊疑问句的强调结构若以疑问词开头,其结构 是:疑问词+is / was it that...? 如: ? 1) When was it that the hospital opened? ? 2) Who was it that invented the computer? ? 3) Why was it that you didn't agree with what he said?


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