What’s the weather like in this picture?
1.What is the story about?
got lost in the fog. A young lady _________
2.Where did Polly live?
/>______________ At 86 King Street 3.Who helped Polly? ____________ A blind man
1. forecast (line 3)
a. a feeling of being freed from worry
2. fare (line 8)
3. narrow (line 21) 4. stare (line 33)
b.pay attention to; be careful about
c. the money you pay to travel on a bus, train, plane, etc. d. make a statement about what will happen in the future e. not wide
5. watch out for (line 37)
6. relief (line 50)
f. look at someone or something for a long time
( F ) 1.The fog was very thick in the morning. ( T )2. Polly got to Green Park by underground. ( F ) 3. Polly asked for aid help from the old man without any hesitation. ( F ) 4. The old man carried an umbrella in his hand. ( F )5. After arriving at home, Polly invited the old man to her home for a rest and he agreed.
( )1. The man who helped Polly out of trouble was_____. A. an old man who always gets lost in the heavy fog. B. the man who watched Polly on the train C. a man who would do something bad to her. D. a blind man who’s tall, helpful and grateful.
( )2. When did Polly’s experience happen? A. In the early morning when it was still dark outside. B. In the afternoon when Polly was on her way back home. C. On a foggy night when everybody had to take a train. D. At lunch time when Polly was out buying some lunch.
)3. What is the main idea of the text? A. It is about how an old man helps people out of the fog. B.It mainly talks about the foggy weather that affects people’s lives in England. C. It is about what happened to a young lady on a thick foggy afternoon. D. Blind people can show the way better than common people by using their touch.
1. Why did Polly take the Underground to Green park? Because the fog is too thick for the bus to go to King Street. 2. What was the weather like outside the train station? The fog lay like a thick, grey cloud.
3. How could the old man tell that Polly was young ? He could tell Polly was young by hearing her voice.
Reading strategy—how to read a story
There are different types of stories. Stories have basic elements as follows: What happened; a plot When it happened ; a certain time period Where it happened; a place Why it happened; a problem to be solved Who was involved in the event; main character A story with a climax or a surprise ending is usually more eye-catching.
a woman lost in the fog was helped by an old man a woman and an old man main characters a certain time period one afternoon a place a foggy city a problem to be how she could get home solved a climax or a the old man was blind surprise ending a plot
Put these events in the correct order.
2 Polly took the Underground to Green Park. 6 An old man took Polly’s hand. 5 A hand reached out and grasped Polly’s arm.
9 Polly thanked the blind man.
3 A tall man in a dark overcoat was watching Polly. 7 Polly and the old man turned left at the crossroads .
4 Polly felt frightened when a rough hand brushed
8 Polly got to King Street safely.
1 Polly left the office at four o’clock. 10 The old man went to help others.
When Polly left home that morning, the city was already covered in a grey mist. After work, she s_____ out into the fog and wanted to take her usual bus. But the fog is too thick for the bus to run that far. As Polly o______ the passengers on the train, she s_____ that she was being watched by a tall man in a dark coat. While the rest of the passengers were getting out, she g_____ at the faces around her. The tall man was n_____ to be seen.When Polly got out of the station,the fog lay like a thick,grey cloud.
There was no one in s_____. As she walked along, she heard the sound of footsteps, but by the time she reached the corner of the street, the footsteps were g ______ . Suddenly Polly felt a rough hand brush her face and she heard a man’s voice in her ear saying ‘Sorry’. She could feel her heart b _______ with fear. To her surprise, the man t_______ out to be a kind blind man who wanted to help people in the fog.
1. (L7) Once out in the street, she walked quickly towards
her usual bus stop.
once作连词讲，意为“一旦---就---”，该句是状语从句 的省略结构。此处Once out in the street 相当于Once she was out in the street 引导时间状语从句 状语从句的省略： 1.如果从句的主语和主句主语相同，并且从句的谓语 动词中含有be动词时，那么可以把从句中的主语和be 动词省略。 He won’t come unless (he is) invited.
2. 如果从句的主语是it， 并且从句的谓语中含有 be动词时，那么可以把从句中的主语it和be动词 省略。 ? If (it is) so, I’ll tell you about it.
一旦出版，这本词典会非常畅销。 ? Once (it is) published, this dictionary will be very popular. ? 一旦被抓，他会受到惩罚。 ? Once (he is) caught, he will be punished.
words of similar use:
if; even if; when; while; unless; until etc.
1. When ________, it is of great help to learn some skills. A. reading B. read
C. to read
D. students read
told 2. When ________ (tell) the truth, he lost his
made (make) the most of, time will 3. Unless _______ not be enough.
(L10) The truth is that it is too foggy for the bus to run that far.
adv. 那么；那样 to such an extent or such a degree;
(L53) A fog this bad is rare.
(this “adv. 这样地；这么”or that “ adv. 那么；那样” can modify修饰 an adj. or adv. ) (L14 ) She had a feeling that she was being watched by a tall man in a dark overcoat. 引导一个宾语从句，可以省略
? It was in the lab ______ was build three years ago
______ the students made the experiment. A. that; where B. which; that C. what; that D. which; where
3. *Work out what’s the meaning of “rest”. (L16) While the rest of the passengers --- 其他人/物 ? (L51) Would you like to come in and and rest for a while? 休息 ＊The rest of the milk has gone bad.
The rest of the cows have gone mad.
Parents rest their hope on their children. 把??寄托在?? The unknown goddess rested her hands on her hips臀部. 放置在??上
4. (L17) The tall man was nowhere to be seen. “nowhere” 为否定副词， “ to be seen ” 为主 语不足语，补充说明主语的情况。 We could find him nowhere.
could ____ we find him. Nowhere ____
Please compare the following sentences.
We have nowhere to find the lost boy. The boy is nowhere to be found.
to live in 1. They could find no room ____________. (live in)
to eat (eat) 2. They have no food __________.
drink (drink) 3. People used to have clean water to ________.
4. There is no clean water to ______________________. drink/ to be drunk
to be found 5. Clean water is nowhere _____________.(find)
5.(L19) Outside, wherever she looked the fog lay like a thick, grey cloud.
Wherever 引导地点状语从句，意思为“无论 何处，无论在哪里”。地点状语常用where或 wherever引导。 ? Wherever they went, they were warmly welcomed. ? You should have put the book where you found it.
6. (L25) She could feel her heart beating with fear.
“with” = “because of ” e.g. Her face turned red with anger. She was frozen with fear.
7.(L27) A minute before, she had wished for someone to come along. A minute before 在这边表示的是过去的过去，所
以主句选择过去完成时。 1. wish for = hope for 盼望，期盼 e.g. Let’s prepare for the worst, hope/wish for the best. 2. wish (sb) to do sth. 希望(某人)做某事 e.g. She wishes to be alone. 3. wish sb. sth. 祝愿某人 e.g. Wish you a pleasant journey. 4. —“I told Ben that Sally was my girlfriend.”
wish + clause (虚拟语气——从句)
现在 sb. did; sb. were
sb. had done could/should/woul d
用I wish 开头改写句子。
I will have a long holiday.
I can have my homework done.
I was there yesterday.
I am a famous artist.
I have been there before.
8.(L32) Polly found herself staring up at the face of an old man with a beard.
find oneself 发现自己处于某种状态；发现自己 不知不觉地--? find oneself +doing At midnight, he found himself lying on the wet ground. ? find oneself +done When he woke up, he found himself tied to a tree. ? find oneself +介词短语 When she woke up the next morning, she found herself in a hospital.
9.(L54) pay back偿还；报答；报复
He paid back his debts. 他偿还借款。 ? My husband cheated me but I will find some way to pay him back. 丈夫骗了我，不过我要想法子报复他。 *pay for 付---的钱；受---的报应，补偿 I’ll pay for the food and you pay for the drinks. *pay off还清债务；使人受益，有报偿 Two years of business school really paid off.
* beat; strike; hit
beat: 有规律有节奏地拍打 strike: (钟)敲；划（火柴）；（灾害，疾病）袭击 hit: 打；击 hit sb. on the (part of the body)
beating on the shore. 1. The waves were ________
struck 3 o’clock. 2. The clock has just ________
struck by bird flu. 3. The area was _______
hit him on the head with a book. 4. She _____
Strike a match and 5. It is freezing cold in here. ______ make a fire.
* way, method, means
“way” 意思为“方法”，是普通用语，后跟of / to do ；“method”意思为“方法”，指合乎逻辑 的或者系统的方法,后跟of；“means” 意思为“方 法、办法,手段”, 后跟of/ to do 。 用这种方法：
in this way, with this method, by this means
means to get a passport. 1. We can’t use illegal _______ method of teaching math? 2. What is the modern _________ way of storing information is to use computers. 3. The best _____
* calm, quiet, still, silent
“still”意为“静止的，不动 的”，指没有运动或者动作 的状态。 “calm”意为“平静的，沉着 的”，指无风浪或人的心情 不激动。 “quiet”意为“宁静的，安静 的”，指没有声音，不吵闹， 心里不烦恼。 “silent”意为“沉默的”， 指没有声音或不讲话。
1. Parents ask their children to keep ________. 2. She kept _______ about what she had seen in the traffic accident. 3. Fear held her ______. 4. When running into danger, keeping __________ is of great importance.
* except, besides besides: 除??之外，尚有或者还有?? except 与 but : 除??之外，表示不包括在内 but 通常与否定词和不定代词连用，all, nobody, everywhere, who
There will be five more to attend the meeting, ______ besides John.
but you could be so selfish. Nobody _____ but Everyone is there _______ Tom.
It’s a pity that we all went to the party ______ except Tom.
except 将一个或几个人或物从同一类或普通 的种类中除外，后跟名词、代词、副词、介 词短语 except for: 整体中的部分；性质不同 except that-- clause except wh-- clause except prep.-- phrases
1. I searched everywhere for my book except ________. 2. He is a good teacher except __________. 3. Your article is good except ____________. 4. The plants grow quickly except ____________.
for his bad temper
that there is some spelling mistakes when it is very cold
behind the door