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高考英语一轮复习 Book5 Unit 4 Making the news


Unit 4
Ⅰ.词汇与派生

Making the news 基础落实

1.inform [In′f??m] vt.告知;通知 2.acquire [?′kwaI?] vt.获得;学到 3.gifted [′ɡIftId] adj.有天赋的→gift n.天资;礼物 4.assist [?′sIst] vt.帮助;促进→ as

sistant n.助手 5.demand [dI′mɑ?nd] vt.& n.需要;查询 6.delighted [dI′laItId] adj.欣喜的;高兴的 7.concentrate [′k?ns?ntreIt] vt.集中;聚集

8.accuse [?′kju?z] vt.指责;控告 9. approve [?′pru?v] vt.赞成;认可;批准→approval n. 赞成,认可 10.process [′pr??ses] vt.加工;过程;n.程序;步骤 11. journalist [′d???n?lIst] n.记者;新闻工作者 12.photographer [f?′t?ɡr?f?] n.摄影师 13. admirable [′?dm?r?bl] adj.值得赞扬的;令人钦佩的 14.profession [pr?′fe?n] n.职业;专业 15. amateur [′?m?t?] n.& adj.业余爱好者;业余爱好的 16. eager [′i?ɡ?] adj.热切的,激切的

17.deliberately [dI′lIb?r?tlI] adv.故意地 18.department [dI′pɑ?tm?nt] n.部门;部;系 19.appointment [?′p?Intm?nt] n.约会;任命 20.accurate [′?kj?r?t] adj.精确的;正确的→

accurately adv.精确地
语境助记——词不离句,句不离段 Accurately speaking,his profession is a journalist.He’s also a gifted amateur photographer.He is always eager to assist others,so he’s admirable but he sometimes breaks appointment deliberately.

Ⅱ.短语与拓展 1. accuse sb.of...指控某人犯??罪 charge sb.with sth.指控某人犯有??罪 2.by accident 偶然

on occasion(s)偶尔
3.in turn 轮流;依次;反过来 in return 作为(对??的)回答 4.be supposed to应当;认为必须 be expected to do被期待/指望做

5.have a nose for 对??敏感 6.make an appointment with sb.与某人约会 7.look forward to期待,盼望 8.on one’s own独自

of one’s own属于自己的,独特的 9.concentrate on (doing) sth.集中精力做某事 focus on集中注意力;聚焦 10.account for 是??的说明;查明 on no account决不,绝对不

Ⅲ.句式与运用 1.Never will Zhou Yang (ZY) forget his first assignment at the office of a popular English newspaper.周扬将永远不会忘记 在一家流行的英语报社的第一次任务。 句式分析 句式仿写 在以具有否定意义的副词及词组开头的句子 他刚完成工作电话就响了。 中,主句要用部分倒装。

Hardly had he finished his work when the
telephone rang.

2.His discussion with his new boss,Hu Xin (HX),was to strongly influence his life as a journalist.他与他的新上司胡 欣的讨论对他的记者生涯将会产生重要影响。 句式分析 句式仿写 be to do在句中表示后来发生的事,意为“注定 所有这一切都会遭到报应的! 会??,一定??”,表示注定要发生某事。

All these are to be answered for!

3.Not only am I interested in photography,but I took an amateur course at university to update my skills.对摄影我不 仅仅是感兴趣,在大学里我还专修过业余摄影课来更新我 的技术。 句式分析 句式仿写 not only...but (also)...意为“不仅??而 不仅他喜欢篮球,而且我也喜欢。 且??”,当not only位于句首时,句子要倒装。

Not only does he like basketball ,but also I like it.

4.Meanwhile you have to prepare the next question depending on what the person says.同时,你还要根据被采访人所说的 话准备提出下一个问题。 句式分析 depending on/upon意为“根据,依靠”,是现 在分词形式用作方式状语,相当于according to。 句式仿写 从他说的话来判断,你肯定成功。 Judging from what he said ,you are sure to succeed.

5.So we arranged an interview between the footballer and the man supposed to bribe him.于是,我们安排了一次在这个足 球队员和据认为是向他行贿的那个人之间的采访。 句式分析 句式仿写 了。 The trees blown down in the storm have been moved off the road. supposed to do意为“被认为??”或“应该; 在风暴中被刮倒的那些树已从路面上被清理 必须;为过去分词短语作定语。

Ⅳ.高考源于教材 Have you ever had a case where someone accused your journalists of getting the wrong end of the stick? (教材原句) I guess we’ve already talked about this before but I’ll ask you again just________. C A.by nature C.in case B.in return D.by chance (2010· 浙江,7)

解析

句意为:我估计我们以前讨论过此事,不过我再问你一

次只是以防(免)我记错了。by nature生来,本来;in return作为 报答;in case以防万一,以免;by chance偶然地,意外地。由 句意可以看出,in case为最佳答案。

Ⅴ.单元知识活用 翻译句子 1.我希望成为一名记者,以便能够采访新鲜事件。(be occupied in)

I hope to become a reporter so that I can
be occupied in covering new events.
2.如果我成为一名记者,我将专心地工作。(concentrate on)

If I become a reporter,I will concentrate on my job.

3.我会保护公众的利益不受伤害。(defend against)

I will defend the benefits of the public against various attacks.
4.我会公正地报道事件,不怕别人指控。(accuse sb.of)

I will report the events in a fair way,

not fearing being accused of doing that.
5.我相信我会成为一名对新闻有敏感力的新闻记者。(have a nose for)

I believe that I will become a reporter who has a good nose for news.

连句成篇——用适当的关联词或句将上述句子连接成文 I hope to become a reporter so that I can be occupied in covering new events.If I become a reporter,I will concentrate on my job.I promise that I will defend the benefits of the public against various attacks and that I will report the events in a fair way,not fearing being accused of doing that.I believe that I will become a reporter who has a good nose for news.

考点探究
重点单词 1.demand vt & vi . .要求,需要;n.要求,需要;所要求的事物 demand sth. from/of sb.向某人要求某物

(1)

demand to do...要求做?? demand that...要求??(从句中应用 虚拟语气 , 即 should+动词原形,should 可省略)

in demand 非常需要
satisfy/meet one’s demands 满足某人的需求

(2) make demands on (人、工作者)需要?? a great demand for ...大量需求??

(1)Driven by a greater demand for vegetables,farmers have built more greenhouses. (2)He demands to see the editors. 他要求见编辑。 (3)It is our demand that she should go there. 她到那里去是我们的要求。 (4)It is impossible to satisfy all your demands . 满足你所有的要求是不可能的。 (2007· 浙江,20) 受到对蔬菜更大需求量的驱使,农民们建了更多的暖房。

2.approve v.赞成,同意;批准

approval n.赞成,同意;批准
approve of sb./sth.赞成/同意某人/某事 approve the plan/report批准计划/报告

win one’s approval赢得某人的赞同 general approval一致同意
(1)Do you approve of my idea? 你同意我的想法吗? (2)The committee all approved the plan. 委员会一致通过了该计划。

3.inform v.通知;告诉

information n.信息
inform sb.of/about...通知某人有关?? inform sb.that...通知某人?? keep sb.informed of/about...通知某人关于??;使某人知 道?? be well informed of/about 精通某事;对??消息灵通

be informed of...听说;接到??的通知

(1)The Carbon Trust believes that it can help by informing customers about the good work companies are doing. (2010· 福建,阅读理解C) 英国碳信托有限公司认为告知顾客有关公司正在进行的工 作,可能会起作用。 (2)He informed the company that the ship arrived safely. =He informed the company of the ship’s safe arrival. 他报告公司轮船平安抵达。 (3)I wasn’t informed of the decision until too late. 等到我知道这项决定时,已经太迟了。

4.eager adj .渴望的;热切的 (1)be eager to do sth.急切做某事 be eager for sth.急切得到某物 be eager for sb.to do sth.希望某人做某事 be eager that...希望??

(2)表示“渴望做某事,急切地做某事” be dying for sth./be dying to do sth. be longing for sth. be greedy for sth. be thirsty for sth. be keen on doing sth. long for sth./to do sth. starve for sth.

desire to do sth.

(1)People were understandably eager to be able to buy this wonderful fruit. (2008· 全国Ⅰ,阅读理解B) 人们渴望能够买到这种奇异的水果,这是可以理解的。 (2)Everyone is eager for success. 每个人都希望成功。 (3)The fans were eager to have a look at the singer in the flesh, waiting outside the hotel. 粉丝们都急切地在宾馆外等着想看一看歌星本人。 (4)John was eager for you to come to his party. 约翰希望你来参加他的晚会。

anxious,eager at 等介词搭配使用。

易混辨析

(1)anxious 重在“担心焦急”,后跟 about,有时也和 on, (2)eager 指“渴望”,表示对事情成功的期望和进取的热 情。 一言辨异 The students are anxious to know the exam results and the teachers are eager to make them successful.

5.case n.情况;病例;案例 case意为“情况;情形”时,后面定语从句的关系词为 where。

in case of万一??;如果发生??
in case以防;万一(后接从句时,不用that) in any case无论如何;总之 in no case决不(位于句首时,句子使用倒装)

as is often the case这是常有的事
(1) In case of fire,ring the bell. 如发生火灾,请按铃。 (2)Take your raincoat in case it rains. 带着雨衣吧,以防下雨。

对点训练 Ⅰ.语境填词 1.She is eager (渴望的) for her parents’ approval. 2.I approve (赞成) of your trying to earn some money,but please don’t neglect your studies. 3.The workers are demanding (要求) better pay. 4.Millions of people in the world are sending information (信息) by email every day. 5.You can’t apply this rule to every case (情况).

Ⅱ.单项填空 1.If my plan isn’t________of by the committee,all my work A will have been wasted. A.approved C.agreed B.consented D.admitted

解析

句意为:如果我的计划得不到委员会的赞成,我所有

的工作都将白费。可知选A项。

2.My demand is that the information referred to in my report________ to Mr.Brown without delay. C A.is emailed C.be emailed B.will be emailed D.emailed

解析

demand作主语,后面的表语从句中应用虚拟语气

(should+)动词原形,故选C项。

3.Please inform us________ the shipping date. A A.of out one day. A.ever since C.soon after B.even if D.in case B.over C.for D.by 4.Leave your key with a neighbor ________ you lock yourself D

解析

ever since自从??以来;even if即使;soon after不

久之后;in case以防;以免。句意为:留一把钥匙给邻居, 以免有一天你把自己锁在门外。

5.My schoolmate is________on playing table tennis. D A.eager C.thinking B.anxious D.keen

重点短语与句型 1.concentrate on sth.集中精力做某事;全神贯注于??

concentrate vt.集中;聚集
concentration n.集中;专心 concentrated adj.集中的;浓缩的

(1)concentrate one’s attention on致力于??;把注意 力集中在?? (2) focus one’s attention on sth.(=fix one’s attention on sth.)集中注意力于?? put one’s mind in...专心于?? apply oneself/one’s mind to...专心于?? put one’s heart into...集中精力?? be absorbed in ...一心一意于?? be lostin ...倾心于??

(1)When meeting a group of people,concentrate on remembering just two or three names. (2009· 安徽,阅读理解A) 当会见很多人时,集中精力记住两三个人的名字。 (2)We must concentrate our attention on improving education. 我们必须致力于改进教育工作。 (3)She’d like to have some concentrated orange juice. 她想喝点浓缩的橙汁。

2.so as to 以便;为了 so as to 是副词性短语,to 后接不定式,引导目的状语。其 否定形式为 so as not to。 so as to 后接不定式表目的,不能置于句首。so as to 的逻辑 主语即句子的主语;so...as to 不能表示目的,只表示结果; in order to 后接不定式表目的,既可置于句首,也可置于句 中, 意为“以便, 为了”; that 既可以引导目的状语从句, so 也可以引导结果状语从句,引导目的状语从句时,从句中往 往出现一个情态动词。

(1)People in Yucatan may give a tourist a wrong answer

so as to be polite.
案。

(2008· 辽宁,阅读理解 A)

在 Yucatan,人们出于礼貌,有可能告诉旅行者一个错误的答 (2)He wore a heavy coat so as not to catch a cold. 他穿着厚大衣以免着凉。 (3)I’m not so stupid as to do that . 我还不致于蠢到去做那件事。

写作句组——满分作文之佳句 a.It’s hard for him to pick up the noodles so that he is sweating. (2009· 北京) (2009· 北京) c.What our parents did often turned out to be right. (2009· 陕西) b.A western young man is so worried that he is sweating.

3.ahead of在??前面;比??早;超过;领先 ahead of time提前 ahead of one’s time超越某人那个时代 look ahead向前看;为未来着想或打算 go ahead 前进;着手,进行;(让路等)您先请,(电话等) 您先说,(对别人请求的许可)行,去做吧,开始吧,??吧 get ahead of 超过;胜过 get ahead出人头地,成功

(1)I thought we’d be late for the concert,but we ended up getting there ahead of time . 里。 (2)He is always well ahead of the rest of the class. 他在班上总是遥遥领先。 (3)Ahead of us lies a river. 我们前面有一条河。 (2008· 湖南,23) 我以为我们去听音乐会会迟到,但结果我们却提前到了那

4.His discussion with his new boss,Hu Xin (HX),was to strongly influence his life as a journalist.他与他的新上司胡欣 的讨论对他的记者生涯将会产生重要的影响。 句式提取:be to do sth. (1)be to do句型的含义: ①表示注定要发生的事。 ②预先安排好的计划或约定。 ③表示说话人的意图、职责、义务、命令等情感意义。 (2)表示将来的其他五种句型: ①will/shall do表示单纯的将来或主语的“意愿”。

②be going to do sth.表示将要做某事时,指主语“计划、打 算”做的事,这时主语只能是人。主语是事物时,表示说话 人根据某种迹象主观推测可能发生的事。 ③be doing sth.表示将要做某事,常用一些表示动作趋向的 词。如:go,leave,fly,come等。 ④do/does sth.一般是指事情按时间或计划有规律的发生。 ⑤be about to do指最近的将来。常译作“即将,就要”,表 示动作“马上”就要发生。

(1)Some foreign friends will visit our school next month. 一些外国朋友下个月将会来参观我们的学校。 (2)We are going to have a sports meet next Saturday. 我们打算在下周六举行运动会。 (3)He is leaving further. 他将要离开家乡到英格兰去进修英语。 (4)The plane takes off at 8 o’clock. 飞机将在8点起飞。 his hometown for England to study English

5.Never will Zhou Yang (ZY) forget his first assignment at the office of a popular English newspaper.周扬将永远不会忘记 在一家流行的英语报社的第一次任务。 句式提取:否定词置于句首句子要倒装

否定词置于句首,要用倒装语序把谓语的一部分置于主语之 前。这类否定词和含有否定意义的短语主要有no,not, never,little,hardly,seldom,scarcely,barely,not until, neither...nor...,not only...but also,no sooner...than, hardly...when,in no time,in no way,by no means等。 (1)not until引导的从句不倒装,后面的主句倒装。 (2)not only...but also...连接两个并列句时,前者倒装后者不 倒装。 (3)neither...nor...并列连词词组连接并列的句子时,(因 neither/nor都是否定意义的词)前后两句都用倒装语序。

(1)Never have I been to Beijing. 我从未去过北京。 (2)Hardly had I finished the work when the telephone rang. 我一做完工作电话铃就响了。 (3)Not until I failed in the exam did I realize how much time I had wasted. 直到我考试不及格我才意识到自己已浪费了很多时间。

对点训练 Ⅰ.选词填空 concentrate on,ahead of,in order to,so that 1.She couldn’t concentrate on the film. 2.In order to keep insects out,she shut the window. 3.I finished the work several days ahead of the deadline. 4.He rose early so that he might be in time for the first lesson.

Ⅱ.完成句子 1. Not only does the little girl sing well (这个小 姑娘不仅歌唱得好),but also she plays the violin well. 2.As I sat down at the computer to do some research on Lin Qiaozhi,I did not realize that my homework was to (即 将) change my life. 3.In such dry weather,the flowers will have to be watered if they are to (想要) survive. 4.Neither are you a winner, nor am I a loser (我也不 是失败者).

Ⅲ.单项填空 1.Never in my wildest dreams________ these people are living B in such poor conditions. A.I could imagine C.I couldn’t imagine B.could I imagine D.couldn’t I imagine

解析

表示否定意义的副词置于句首,句子应部分倒装,D

不符合句意。

2.He kept silent over the matter________lose his job. C A.so as to not C.so as not to B.in order not D.in order to not

解析

目的状语的否定式应该是in order/so as not to do sth.。

3.If you don’t understand everything the tape says, just________ on the words you can understand. D A.fix B.put C.work D.concentrate 解析 由句意“仅仅集中精力听你能听明白的单词”可知,
应选D项。concentrate on集中精力于??;fix为及物动词后 应用to作宾语。

4.In a room above our classroom,where a party________, A some students were busy setting the table. A.was to be held C.will be held B.has been held D.is being held

解析

句意:在我们教室上面的一个房间里,要举行一个聚

会,一些学生正在忙碌地排放桌子。be to do sth.意为“将做 某事”,表示按计划或安排做某事;a party是hold的动作被 执行者,所以要用被动语态。

5.Whenever I have an appointment,I like to arrive ________. C A.ahead of time a little B.a little time ahead C.a little ahead of time D.ahead of a little time

解析

ahead of time提前,a little表程度,意为“稍微”,

修饰ahead of time,应放在其前面。故选C项。

写作提升
记叙文
记叙文是以记事为主要内容的一种文体,包括记人、记事 方面的故事、日记、游记、新闻、通讯等。记叙文通常要将时 间、地点、人物、事件、原因和结果等六个要素交代清楚。写 作时要注意以下几点: 1.注意不要漏掉信息点; 2.要特别注意故事发展的线索和时间顺序等; 3.时态多数是用一般过去时,但也要注意灵活运用其 他时态。

典例展示 昨天晚上十点左右,由于吸烟者乱扔烟蒂,李明家发生了 一场火灾。家具全部烧光,幸亏无人受伤。现在请你给某英文 报社写一篇报道,提醒人们注意烟火。 注意:1. 可适当增添细节,使文章连贯; 2.词数 100 左右; 3.参考词汇:烟蒂 cigarette butt。

学生习作

现场阅卷
本篇短文为记事性的记叙文。文章包括了事件的基本要 点,基本上能传达所列信息,但是有两个严重的错误:其一是 全文是按照中文提示写的,没有进行结构调整,致使文章中的 一些句子之间的逻辑关系错误(-3分);其二是动词的用法有错 误(-4分),句子的时态使用不当(-1分)。因此,本短文在高考 中应该按第三档给分,给15分左右。

失分原因 (1)They got dressed and came out to put out the fire,because the fire had become very difficult to control.这两个 句子之间并不是因果关系,而是时间关系。 (2)Li Ming’s home happened a fire中,happened 是不及 物动词,主语应是发生的事情,而不能是时间或地点;the firewood piled中,firewood本身不能“堆”起来,应该用被动 式表达。 (3)写作时要按照事情发生的时间顺序来记述,不要东一 句、西一句。

佳作欣赏
A great fire broke out in Li Ming’s home at about10∶00 last night.Luckily,no man got hurt,though all the things in his house were burnt down. It was said the fire was caused by a cigarette butt thrown by someone carelessly.As it hadn’t rained for a long time and the firewood was piled everywhere,it was very easy to catch fire.On the other hand,people had already gone to bed by then.When they got dressed and came out to put out the fire, the fire had become very difficult to control. Because of our carelessness,there will be a great disaster.From this event,we can see that we should be careful with fire in the future.
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