2015 届质量检测 英 语 第一卷（选择题，共 95 分）
第一部分 英语知识运用（共四节，满分 55 分） 第一节 语音知识（共 5 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 5 分）
从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,找出其划线部分与所给单词的划线部分读音相同的选项，并 在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
1. island A. surprise B. ma
chine C. invite D. children 2. theater A. pleasant B. breathe C. really D. deaf 3. cheer A. stomach B. character C. chain D. chemist 4. audience A. laugh B. fault C. aunt D. restaurant 5. useful A. usual B. series C. consult D. husband 第二节 情景对话 （共 5 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 5 分） 根据对话情景和内容， 从对话后所给的选项中选出能填入每一空白处的最佳选 项，并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。选项中有两个为多余选项。 W: David, we all know you took up skateboarding at ten . 6 M: Yeah, my parents even let me skate in the house. W: 7 M: Yes, they are pretty cool. W: 8 M: That was fine. I was able to get my school work done with good grades. My only problem was that I had too much physical energy that I could not sit still in class. Then some teachers started taking my skateboarding away. W: That couldn’t stop you from skating? M: 9 .The cool thing was that my parents managed to find a different school. The headmaster there was wonderful. He let us plan our own PE classes. So guess what I created. W: Skateboarding. M: 10 .That was my PE class. By that time I was turning professional and starting to show off some techniques at competitions. A. Did they? B. But did your parents support you? C. No way. D. Are you kidding? E. How about your school work? F. You guessed it. G. I think so.
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第三节 语法和词汇知识（共 15 小题, 每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 从每小题的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在 答题卡上将该选项涂黑。 11. --- How did he lose much weight? --- _____ eating less, he walked ten miles every day. A. In terms of B. In spite of C . With regard to D. Apart from 12. I don’t think he is the right person to do that job, _____? A. isn’t he B. don’t I C. do I D. is he 13. If anyone knows of recent research about this topic, I would greatly appreciate _____. A. that B . this C. it D. one 14. A lot of exercise outdoors could _____ positive energy which helps you to reduce stress. A. give in B. give off C. give away D. give up. 15. If he takes on this work, he will have no choice but _____ an even greater challenge . A. meets B. meeting C. meet D. to meet 16. --- Do you mind if I leave my car here for a minute? --- ______. A. Great! I love cars B. Of course not. It’s not allowed here B. No, you can’t D. I’d rather you didn’t, actually 17. --- My husband and I really liked that car, but we didn’t have enough money at that time. --- Or you _____ it. What a pity! A. bought B. had bought C. would buy D. would have bought 18. We can never expect _____ bluer sky unless we create _____ less polluted world. A. the; the B. the; a C. a ; the D. a; a 19. _____, I think, and you will settle the problem. A. So long as you make your effort B. If you make your effort C. Making great effort D. A bit more effort 20. Sarah hopes to become a friend of _____ shares her interest. A. no matter who B. no matter whom C . whoever D. whomever 21. More than one official _____ the people heart and soul, which makes the public satisfied. A. serves B. serve C. serves for D. sever for 22. _____ computer games, his parents were very worried about his future. A. Addicted to B. Addicting to C. He addicted to D. His addicting to 23. --- What an easy examination paper , isn’t it ? --- Quite right. How I regretted that I _____ such a silly mistake! A. could have made B. would have made
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C. should have made D. might have made 24. --- Can you join us for the party to be held by old friends this weekend? --- Awfully sorry. It is one year since I _____ in China. A. lives B. lived C. live D. will live 25. Studying in our newly-built school is so wonderful a period _____ every one of us will treasure forever. A. that B. as C. which D. when 第四节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出适合填入对 应空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。 When I was 17, I met a famous doctor named Paul Bragg. He gave me one of the most valuable 26 of my life; a statement that was filled with words of 27 . To this very day, I still 28 it; I am a genius (天才) , and I apply my wisdom. 29 ,I was a high school dropout (辍学学生) and was living in a tent in Hawaii. I had a very limited vocabulary and had never 30 reading a single book. When Dr Bragg taught me this statement, he held me to say it with feeling 31 it were true and present. To do so seemed so far away from 32 that it was funny. After saying it many times, 33 . I began to feel what those powerful words meant. 34 every day I continued to say it, and it became 35 to believe; I am a genius, and I apply my wisdom. It was two and a half years later when I really saw the 36 of the statement. I was sitting in a college library 37 by fellow students whom I was helping with higher mathematics. I heard one of the students speak 38 to another, ―John is really a 39 ! At the moment, I 40 what Dr Bragg had taught me, and I 41 to say this statement for the rest of my life. I can’t quite put into words what a(n) 42 this statement has made in my life. 43 it, I was able to change from a dropout to the top of my college classes. I think that the key to 44 is putting your true feelings into a statement you 45 and saying it over and over every day. 26. A. enjoyments 27. A. idea 28. A. like 29. A. At the time 30. A. advised 31. A. as if 32. A. history 33. A. moreover 34. A. Until 35. A. easier 36. A. evidence 37. A. followed 38. A. loudly 39. A. star 40. A. read 41. A. decided B. parts B. comfort B. need B. For a while B. finished B. so that B. hope B. however B. Since B. funnier B. purpose B. surrounded B. kindly B. spokesman B. remembered B. asked C. gifts C. praise C. say C. All at once C. minded C. in case C. life C. otherwise C. So C. more unusual C. details C assisted C. softly C. kid C. showed C. expected D. knowledge D. power D. use D. For the moment D. admitted D. now that D. reality D. anyhow D. After D. more impossible D. results D. invited D. directly D. genius D. doubted D. learned
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42. A. difference 43. A. Except for 44. A. love 45. A. think about
B. problem B. More than B. success B. look for
C. improvement C. Instead of C. happiness C. believe in
D. impression D. Because of D. understanding D. dream up
第二部分 阅读理解（共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节 （共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下列四篇短文，从每小题后所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳 选项，并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。
The day of my holiday arrived, but I wasn’t looking forward to it. I had little money and had only been able to afford to stay with my Aunt Rosa in Spain. So, I wasn ’t really excited as I knew exactly what it was going to be like; Lots of noisy cousins and Aunt Rosa begged me to take her for a ride. After I had checked in, I made my way slowly to the departure gate. As I was waiting to board the plan, I kept thinking about my ideal holiday destination; Jamaica, with its long, sandy beaches and crystal clear water. As soon as the plane took off, I fell fast asleep and only woke to the sound of the announcement; ―Ladies and gentlemen, please fasten your seat belts, as we will shortly be landing in Kingston.‖ I froze in my seat. Was I dreaming? Kingston? Jamaica? I had boarded the wrong plane! Immediately after the plane landed, I explained the situation to the authorities. It seems there were also three of other passengers heading for Spain. Apparently it had been the airline’s fault, since the flight numbers for Spain and Jamaica were exactly the same! Therefore, with no flight to London for a week, the airline had no choice except to pay for our stay. So there I was, lying on the beach, enjoying the music and marvelous food of Jamaica! As for Aunt Rosa, I suppose she just had to live without me! 46. Why did the waiter choose to spend her holiday with her aunt in Spain? A. She could hardly afford any better trip. B. Her aunt begged her to go there. C. She missed her cousins very much. D. Spain was her ideal destination. 47. In the story, the writer ended up _____. A. heading for Spain from Jamaica B. flying to London immediately C. enjoying a free beach holiday D. complaining to the authorities 48. Which of the following might be the best title of the passage? A. Terrible Adventure B. Nice Dream C. A Well-Planned D. Lucky Mistake
The Swiss army knife is a popular device that is recognized all over the world. In Switzerland, there is a saying that every good Swiss citizen has one in his or her pocket. But the knife had poor beginnings. In the late nineteenth century, the Swiss army issued (发给) its soldiers a gun that required a special screwdriver (螺丝刀) to take it apart and clean it. At the same time, canned food was becoming common in the army. Swiss generals decided to issue each
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soldier a standard knife to serve both as a screwdriver and a can opener. It was a lifesaver for Swiss knife makers, who were struggling to ask for cheaper German imports. In 1884, Carl Elsener, head of the Swiss knife manufacturer (maker) Victorinox, seized that opportunity with both hands, and designed a soldier ’s knife that the army loved .It was a simple knife with one big blade (刀片), a can opener, and a screwdriver. A few years after the soldier ’s knife was issued, the ―Schweizer Offizer Messer,‖ or Swiss Officer ’s Knife, came on the market, Interestingly, the Officer ’s Knife was never given to those serving in the army. The Swiss army purchasers considered the new model with a corkscrew (瓶塞钻) for opening wine not ―essential for survival,‖ so officers had to buy this new model by themselves. But its special multi-functional design later launched(发行)the knife as a global brand. After the Second World War, a great number of American soldiers were stationed in Europe. And as they could buy the Swiss army knife at shops on army bases, they bought huge quantities of them. However, it seems that ―Schweizer Offizer Messer‖ was too difficult for them to say, so they just called it the Swiss army knife, and that is the name it is now known by all over the world. 49. What is the main purpose of the passage? A. To emphasize the importance of the Swiss army knife. B. To introduce the functions of the Swiss army knife. C. To explain the origin of Swiss army knife. D. To tell a story about the designer of the Swiss army knife. 50. What does “It” in the third paragraph refer to? A. Canned food was becoming popular in Swiss army. B. Every good Swiss citizen had a knife in his pocket. C. The Swiss army needed a knife for every soldier. D. Swiss knives were competing with imported knives. 51. Why didn’t the Swiss army purchase the Swiss Officer ’s Knife? A. The new design was not considered necessary for officers to own. B. The army had no budge to the purchase. C. The knife was sold out to American soldiers. D. The design of the knife was too simple. 52.Who gave the name ― the Swiss army knife‖ to the knife discussed in the passage? A. Swiss generals B. Carl Elsener C. German businessman D. American soldiers. C It was about 11:15 pm on the passenger ship California. The night was freezing cold and the water was filled with ice from the North Pole, making it difficult for the ship to sail on.
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In the radio room, ship California’s operator Cyril Evans listened to the radio-talk between a nearby passenger ship and the telegraph station on the Canadian island of Newfoundland. Evans interrupted it and said, ―We’re stopped and surrounded by ice. Be careful as you pass through these waters.‖ The radio operator on the nearby ship replied, ―I’m too busy to talk now. I have many messages to send to the telegraph station. ‖ Twenty minutes later, as he turned off his radio and went to bed, Evans could still hear the ship sending its passengers’ telegrams. Earlier in the evening the California’s captain, Stanley Lord, had seen another ship approaching. It looked about the size of his own, but attempts to contact the ship failed. It lay dark and mysterious about 10 miles away. At 00:40 am there appeared a sudden flash of light just over the mystery ship. Captain Lord, thinking the ship might need help, ordered his officers to signal the ship by lamp. There was no reply. Three more rockets then exploded, none appeared to go higher than halfway up the mast(桅杆）of the mystery ship. Then at about 2:00 am it turned and slipped into the darkness. In the light of the dawn there was no mystery ship, but 20 miles away was the scene of a great disaster. Unfortunately, the mystery ship had stopped directly in front of the California, preventing people on board from seeing clearly. If this ship had not been there, Captain Lord would have recognized that the rockets were SOS rockets that came not from the mystery ship but from a more distant ship which the California could not see. If Cyril Evans had kept his radio on for just 30 minutes more he would have heard SOS signals coming from that distant ship he spoke with the night before. That ship was the Titanic which was sinking fast, leaving 1,500 of its passengers dead. It was April 14, 1912. 53. Why were the rockets really fired? A. To celebrate the journey. B. To signal for help. C. To contact the Titanic. D. To warn other ships. 54. What is the main function of the last paragraph of this passage? A. It shows how unlucky the Titanic was. B. It describes how the Titanic sank. C. It indicates that the people on the California were careless. D. It lists how many people died in the disaster. 55. How many ships are mentioned in the passage? A. One. B. Two. C. Three. 56. From the passage we know that . A. the rockets were fired from the mystery ship
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B. Cyril Evans worked on the mystery ship that night C. the Titanic started sinking at dawn the next day D. the Titanic sent out many telegrams that night D Former South African President Nelson Mandela who was treated for a recurring (复 发的) lung infection, dies on Dec. 5th, 2013, at the age of 95. People around the world are mourning the loss of the country's first black president. He was often called humble, charming, loyal person and a man who cared about others. ―He seemed to have that special charismatic(有魅力的) personality,‖ said Herman Cohen, U.S. assistant secretary of state for Africa from 1989 to 1993. ―He became the symbol in the fight against apartheid.‖ Mandela was born on July 18, 1918. As a young man he became active in the anti-apartheid movement and joined the African National Congress, or ANC, in the 1940s. The white-led government banned the ANC in 1960, but the group continued to operate secretly. Mandela became head of the group's new military wing, coordinating a sabotage campaign against South African military and government targets. In 1962, he was arrested and put on trial for his actions and sentenced to life in prison on Robben Island off the coast of Cape Town. He spent 18 years there, refusing a government offer to release him if he would renounce the ANC's armed struggle. But he was freed in 1990 after South African President Frederik de Klerk legalized all political parties and discharged most political prisoners. Shortly after his release, Mandela was elected president of the African National Congress. And in 1994, when the ANC won South Africa's first all-race elections, he was inaugurated (就职) as the county's first black president at age 75. ―Never, never and never again shall it be that this beautiful land will again experience the oppression of one by another,‖ he said. President Mandela said he would stay for only one five-year term. Cohen says Mandela earned international respect for South Africa's national reconciliation. ―Mandela devoted himself mainly to rallying the Africans to this new era to work on economic development, having good education, also he was very much of a spokesman on the international scene.‖ he said. In 1993, Mandela shared the Nobel Peace Prize with his once bitter enemy F.W. de Klerk for their contribution to the peace process in South Africa. After receiving the award, Mandela praised the South African people.
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―All have created a society which recognizes that all people are born equal,‖ he said. In a country torn apart by years of racial conflict, Nelson Mandela is considered a remarkable leader -- a man who turned South Africa away from violence and hatred into a country of greater peace and understanding. 57. The underlined word ―apartheid‖ in the 3rd paragraph probably means______. A. racial separation B. financial aid C. infectious illness D. fulfilling life 58. How long was Nelson Mandela sent to prison? A. 18 years B. 28 years C. 6 years D. 19 years 59. What is the author’s attitude in the passage? A. negative B. positive C. subjective D. neutral 60. Why was his bitter enemy F.W. de Klerk awarded the Nobel Peace Prize with Mandela? A. F.W. de Klerk did not kill Mandela during his presidency. B. F.W. de Klerk was one of Mandela’s friends in the early years. C. F.W. de Klerk made his own contribution to the process peacefully as well. D. F.W. de Klerk was considered a remarkable leader turning South Africa away from violence. 第二节（共 5 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容，从下框的 A—F 选项中选出能概括每一段主题的最佳选项。选项中 有一项为多余选项。
A. B. C. D. E. F. 61 You cannot have success if you don’t know what it means to you. Set clear goals and be realistic. Your standards should be specific or else you will spend your entire time chasing after a vague goal. For example, you want to be good at your job. However, this is not a specific goal. Instead, specify this goal as: ―My goal is to only be late for work five times per year, at the most.‖ This is a specific goal that when achieved, give you a sense of satisfaction and completion, making you feel successful and confident. Don’t be afraid of risks. Find ways to solve problems. Learn from successful people. Don’t give up easily. Know the meaning of success. Enjoy facing your failure.
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62 Look around---who has the success that you envision （想象） for yourself? What are they doing? How do they come near a successful life? Become their students. Ask them for advice. Spend time around them, if you can. Learn from them. They will bring you much useful experience. 63 Successful people think big and act big. It can be scary to do, but if you don’t, then how will you ever be successful? Don’t wait for opportunities. Dig them out. Successful people make big investments (in their careers, in their business, in their education) and all investments involve some degree of risk. Study your risks, and be brave. 64 People who are successful like solving problems and answering questions. No matter where you are or what you are doing, look around and try to think of ways you can find, for example, what are people struggling with or complaining about? How can you make life easier for them in an effective way? Can you redesign or reorganize some aspects of the situation so that things can run more smoothly? 65 You should learn to persist. It is also the key factor to success. When asked about his 10,000 failed attempts to develop a storage battery, the prolific（多产的）American inventor Thomas Edison replied: ―I have not failed; I’ve just found 10,000 ways that won’t work. So, if your first attempt didn’t work, don’t quit and don’t give up.‖
英语 第二卷（非选择题，共 55 分） 第三部分 写作（共三节，满分55分） 第一节 单词拼写（共 10 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 根据下列各句句意和空白之后的汉语提示词， 在答题卡指定区域的横线上写出 对应单词的正确形式，每空只写一词。 66. We have a very communicative ______ (方法) to teaching languages. 67.Though he owned a car, he hardly used it , ______ (更喜欢) to take subway . 68. Move the ______ (把手) to the left and the door will lock. 69.Walking outdoors is ______ (有益) to our health . 70. All the children listened to his ______ (经历) in Africa with eager attention. 71. ______ (就个人而言) , I think playing computer games is a waste of time. 72.We are in ______ (竞争) with other students for higher scores in the English. 73. Did she ______ (低语) in your ear at the meeting? 74. Don't allow evil thoughts to ______ (毒害) young people's minds.
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75. Jenny certainly won't go to swimming---once ______ (咬), twice shy. 第二节 短文改错（共 10 小题，每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 文中共有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除 或修改。 增加：在此处加一个漏字符号（∧） ，并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（＼）划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一个横线，并在其下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2.只允许修改 10 处，多者（从十一处起）不计分。 Our school has had a survey on reading. It shows that 55 percent the students spend our time reading textbooks after the school. Only 10 percent enjoy read literature. Why are so many students unwilling to read serious works? According to the survey, they have no enough time because they have too many homework to do. Some complain that literary works are so thick that they have hardly enough patient to finish it. Others who only concentrates on how to get high scores simply admit that reading literature won’t help them at all with their exams. What’s more, some students show no interest in literature. In fact, books play important role in our life. Not only can reading make us relaxing, but also it can help us to learn customs and culture in the past and at present at home and abroad. 第三节 书面表达（满分 30 分） 最近，我国许多城市出现了严重的雾霾天气。假设你是李华，请用英语写一 篇短文，主要内容包括； 1. 雾霾天气出现的危害（使能见度降低，进而影响交通，对人体健康也有危害） 2. 雾霾天气出现的原因（大气污染，汽车尾气，…等） ； 3. 避免出现雾霾天气的措施（较少大气污染，植树造林，等等） 。 注意； 1.词数 120 左右； 2.可适当增加细节，以使行文连贯。 参考词汇 ；雾霾 haze.
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___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___ 2015 届质量检测英语答案
第一部分：英语知识运用 1-5 ACCBC 6-10 BAECF 第三节 语法和词汇知识 11-15 DDCBD 16-20 DDDDC 21-25 ACCBB 第四节 完形填空 26-30 CDCAB 31-35 ADBCA 36-40 DBCDB 41-45 AADBC 第二部分 阅读理解 46-48ACD 49-52 CCAD 53-56 BACD 57-60 ABDC 61-65 ECABD 第一节 单词拼写 66.approach 67.preferring 68. handle 69. beneficial 70. experience 71.Personally 72.competition 73. whisper 74.poison 75. bitten
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第二节 短文改错 1. percent ^of 2. our--their 3. the\ 4. read--reading 6. patient—patience 7. concentrates--concentrate 8. play^an 10. culture –cultures 第三节 书面表达
5. many- much 9. relaxing--relaxed
Recently, many cities of China were enveloped in a thick haze. Haze can cause great trouble to us. On one hand, it makes people unable to see things far away and thus affects traffic. On the other hand, haze can do harm to people’s health. It is reported that haze is caused by many factors, of which air pollution is a major one. In order to avoid haze, we should take measures immediately. First, we should reduce air pollution. We can use public transportation instead of private cars and use clean energy. Second, we should plant more trees and grass to produce more fresh air. Only in this way can we bring back the blue sky.
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