Module 1 My First Day at Senior High
[写得准] 1.method n． 方法 2.attitude n. 态度 3.technology n. 技术 4.system n. 制度；体系； 系统 5.move vi. 搬家 6.cover vt
. 包含 7.enthusiastic adj.热心的 →enthusiasm n ．热心；热 情 8.amazing adj.令人吃惊的； 令人惊讶的→amazed adj.吃 惊 的 ； 惊 讶 的 →amazement
[用得活] 用所给词的适当形式填 空 1.Jane is bored
[积得多] 1.“方法”家族 ①method n． ②way n. 方法 ③manner n. 方法 ④means n. 方法 ⑤approach n. 方法 2.否定前缀 dis?单词 荟萃 ①disappointed adj. 失望的 ②disappear vi. 失 ③dislike vt. 欢 ④disagree/disappro ve v．不同意 ⑤discourage 使泄气 ⑥dishonest 不诚实的 ⑦disability n. 疾 ⑧disadvantage 不利条件 ⑨discomfort n. 舒服 不 残 不喜 消 方法
because her job is boring,_which bores
her parents.(bore) 2.His embarrassing made me
embarrassed greatly. I felt my face burning with embarrassment.(embar rass) 3.He was disappointed at the disappointing news, so there was a disappointed look on his face.(disappoint) 4.It is an amazing discovery so that we are all amazed at it; to our amazement,_it is a disabled man who made discovery.(amaze) 5.Hangzhou is such an the
9.information n ． 信 息 →inform vt.告知 10.instruction n．(常作复 数 ) 指 示 ； 说 明 →instruct
11.bored adj.厌烦的；厌倦 的 →boring adj. 令 人 厌 烦 的；令人厌倦的→bore vt. 使厌烦 12.embarrassed adj. 尴 尬 的 ； 难 堪 的 ； 困 窘 的 →embarrassing adj.令人尴
尬 的 ； 令 人 难 堪 的 →embarrass vt.使尴尬；使 难堪 13.behaviour n ．行为；举 动→behave vi.举止；表现 14.description n ．记述； 描述→describe vt.描述 15.impress vt. 使印象深刻 →impression
impressive city that it often makes a
⑩disobey v. 从 3.“技术”一览
strong impression on visitors and its
①technology n. 术(总称) ②technique n. 术；技巧 ③technical 技术的 ④technician n. 术员
sights never fail to impress foreign
tourists.(impress) 6.Jerry informed us of the change in time and his helped information us a
n ． 印 象
→impressive adj.令人印象 深刻的 16.encouragement n．鼓励； 激励→encourage vt.鼓励； 激励 17.fluency n ．流利；流畅 →fluent adj.流利的；流畅 的→fluently adv.流利地； 流畅地 18.disappointed adj. 失 望 的 →disappointing adj. 令 人失望的→disappointment
lot.(inform) 7.Tom behaved well at the party; his good behaviour his delighted parents
4.“信息； 消息”全接 触 ①information 信息 ②news n. 闻 ③message n. 消息； 信息 ④word n ． [U] 消 息 →Word came that ... 消息传来?? 消息；新
greatly.(behave) 8.Tracy speaks
English fluently,_and her fluent English
made her stand out among other
Ⅱ.短语—在应用中记牢，在归纳中记多 [写得准] [用得活] [积得多]
选用左栏短语填空 1.He 1.be_similar_to 与??相似 2.far_from 远离；远非 3.nothing_like 一点也 不像；完全不 4.have_fun 玩得开心 5.by_oneself 单独地； 独自地 6.in_other_words 话说 7.look_forward_to 待；盼望 8.at_the_start/end_of 在??开始 / 结束的时 候 9.be_divided_into (划)分成?? 10.take_part_in 参加 11.be_impressed_with/b y 对??印象深刻 12.go_to_college 学 上大 被 期 换句 looking _forward_to hearing lover, from but his no has been 1.like 相关短语聚会 ①nothing like 不像 ②anything like 像?? ③something like I 大约 ④feel like 想要 2.“prep.＋oneself”短语 大观园 ①by oneself 独地；独自地 ②of oneself 发地 ③for oneself 为自己；独 力地 3.divide 相关短语全扫描 ①be divided into 被(划) 分成 ② divide ... into ... 把??划分成?? ③ divide ...in half/in two/into halves 把??分成两部分 自动地；自 单 大概， 一点也
letters arrived. 2.Without hesitation,
decided to go to the park with them and we did have_fun
that day. 3.We will go to the
summer camp held by your school this
July, which makes us very excited. 4.Far_from helping improve situation, the they
have made it worse. 5.I nothing_like enough answer time all to the had
Ⅲ.句式—在解读中学懂，在仿写中学通 [背原句] [记句式] [会仿用]
1.We're using a new textbook and Ms Shen's method of teaching is nothing like that of the teachers at my Junior High school. 我们用上了新课本，沈老师的教学 方法与我初中老师的完全不同。 2.I don't think I will be bored in Ms Shen's class! 我认为上沈老师的课我是不会感到 厌倦的！ I don't that 作 为 替 代 词代替前面提到 的内容。
日本的气候不如台湾 的温和。 The climate of Japan is not so mild as that of Taiwan. 我认为没有必要这么 早走。I_don't_think it is necessary to leave so early. 这本词典的价钱是那
think ...是否定 前移结构。
3.In other words, there are three times as many girls as boys. 换句话说，女生人数是男生的三倍。
本的整整五倍。 The dictionary is
as ...as” 结 构 是倍数表达法。
exactly five_times_as_expen sive_as that one. 爱丽丝一回到家就对 这个消息兴奋不已， 我
so have I 是倒装 结构，表示前面 4.Oh really? So have I． 噢，真的吗？我也是。 所说的肯定情况 也适合于另一个 人或事物。
也是如此。 Upon home, her Alice return was
filled with joy at the news.
第一板块| 核心单词归纳集释 1．attitude n．态度；看法；姿态 [教材原句] Describe your attitude to studying English. 描述一下你对学英语的态度。 attitude to/towards ... 对??的态度/看法
have/take a positive/negative attitude to/towards ... 对??持肯定/否定的态度 take/adopt a(n) ...attitude 采取??的态度
①Age has ripened his attitude to/towards some things. 随着年龄的增长，他对某些事情的看法日趋成熟。 ②In contrast, people who have/take_a_negative_attitude_towards/to life have buried the ability to see opportunities. 相对而言，对生活持否定态度的人已埋没了看到机会的能力。 [熟词生义] 读句子猜含义 ③The photograph has caught him in the attitude of prayer.姿态；姿势 2．amazing adj.令人吃惊的；令人惊讶的 [ 教材原句 ] amazing. 老师们很热情、友好，教室很令人吃惊。 (1)It's amazing that ... (2)amaze vt. 令人惊讶的是?? 使惊奇，使惊诧 The teachers are very enthusiastic and friendly and classrooms are
It amazes sb. that ... ＝What amazes sb. is that ... 使某人惊讶的是?? (3)amazed adj. be amazed at/by ... be amazed to do sth. (4)amazement n. to one's amazement in amazement 吃惊的，惊奇的 对??感到惊讶 做某事感到惊讶 惊奇，惊愕 令某人惊讶的是 惊愕地
①We were amazed to_learn (learn) that she had left the hospital $18 million. 得知她把 1 800 万美元留给了医院，我们感到很惊讶。 ②What amazed me was that the old man devoted all his money to supporting the local school. ＝To_my_amazement,_the old man devoted all his money to supporting the local school. ＝It_amazed_me_that the old man devoted all his money to supporting the local school. 让我吃惊的是，这位老人捐出所有的钱来资助当地学校。 3．instruction n．(常作复数)指示；说明 [U]指导；讲授；教育
[教材原句] Ms Shen gave us instructions and then we worked by ourselves. 沈老师给我们作出说明，然后我们独立完成。 (1)instruct vt. instruct sb. to do sth. instruct sb. in sth. (2)instructive adj. 命令；指示 命令某人做某事 教授某人某方面的知识 有教育意义的
①But with my English teacher's patient instruction (instruct) and help, I kept on learning, memorizing, reciting, practising, and correcting.(2014·山东高考书面表达) 但是在我的英语老师耐心的指导和帮助下，我不断地学习、记忆、背诵、练习、改正。 ②The letter instructed him to_report (report) to the general manager at once. 那封信指示他立即向总经理报告。 ③It is the most instructive (instruct) lecture that I have attended since I came to this school. 这是自从我来到这所学校，我参加过的最有教育意义的讲座。 [名师指津] instruct 表示“命令”时，后面的宾语从句要用虚拟语气，即“should＋动词 原形”，should 可以省略。 4．impress vt.使印象深刻；使??铭记，让??明白??(的重要性等) [高考佳句] The phrase impressed her so much that she copied it down.(2014·广东 高考阅读 B) 这个短语使她印象太深刻了，以至于她把短语抄了下来。 (1)impress sb.with sth. impress sth.on/upon sb./one's memory be impressed with/at/by ... (2)impression n. leave/have/make a(n) ...impression on sb. (3)impressive adj. 某事给某人留下印象 使某人铭记某事 对??有深刻印象 印象；印记 给某人留下??的印象 给人深刻印象的；感人的
①The little boy impressed_me_with his big, bright eyes the first time I saw him. 第一次见到这个小男孩时，他明亮的大眼睛就给我留下了深刻的印象。 ②The first time she visited Guilin, she was_deeply_impressed_by/with/at the scenery there. 她第一次去桂林参观时，那里的景色给她留下了非常深刻的印象。 ③My first impression (impress) of him was that he was a kind and thoughtful young man.
我对他的第一印象就是，他是一个善良且有思想的年轻人。 5．cover vt.包含，涉及；覆盖，掩盖；行走(路程)；看完(??页书)；(记者)采访/报道； 占用(一段时间或空间)；(钱)够??用 n.封面(底)；盖子
[教材原句] Secondary school in the US usually covers seven years, grades six to twelve. 美国中学通常包括六到十二年级在内的七个年级。 [一词多义] 写出下列句中 cover 的含义 ①His report covered all aspects of the problem.包含，涉及 ②Autumn coming, fallen leaves cover the ground.覆盖 ③During the summer camp, children will be instructed by the teacher to cover 30 miles a day.行走(路程) ④The reporter was assigned to cover international news.报道 ⑤He should get enough money from the council to cover his rent.(钱)够??用 cover ... with ... 用??盖住??
?in/with 被??覆盖着?强调状态? ? be covered? ?by 被??覆盖?强调动作? ?
⑥The wind blew in from the desert and covered everything with sand. 风从沙漠那边吹来，把一切都蒙上了一层沙子。 [名师指津] cover 采访的对象是事，后面跟表示事件的名词作宾语；而 interview 采访的 对象是人，后面跟表示人的名词作宾语。 [单词集成训练] Ⅰ.基础点全练(单句语法填空/完成句子) 1．I didn't make his failure public to avoid seeing his embarrassed (embarrass) look. 2．The scenery was so beautiful that it was almost beyond description (describe). 3．Amazed (amaze), she stood and stared while the police arrested her husband. 4． Before taking the medicine, you'd better read the instructions (instruct) carefully on the bottle. 5． Personally, it is completely wrong of him to behave with such an attitude towards/to others and life. 6．As a native Mandarin speaker, I can speak Mandarin clearly and fluently (fluency), and my teachers think highly of my spoken Mandarin.(2015·四川高考改编)
7．I think we should try again using_a_different_method (用不同的方法)． 8．One by one, the applicants left the interviewer's office with_disappointed_looks (带着失望的表情) on their faces. Ⅱ.重难点多练 1．impress 面面观 (1)单句语法填空 ①Even so, she impressed the world with her courage and strong desire to succeed. ②The firefighters' heroic action has left a deep impression on people's minds. ③The first ceremony when we went into college is an impressive (impress) one. (2)一句多译 他在音乐会上的表演给我留下了很深的印象。 ④He impressed me deeply with his performance at the concert.(impress v．) ⑤I was deeply impressed with/at/by his performance at the concert.(impressed) ⑥His performance at the concert left/had/made a deep impression on me.(impression) 2．cover 多棱镜 单句语法填空 ①When I woke up, I found the ground covered with/in snow. ②During the Olympic Games, journalists from all over the world came to_cover (cover) the event. ③Then, covering (cover) her face with her hands, she broke away and ran quickly up the stairs. Ⅲ.阅读词汇专练 根据语境选出名词 system 的词义 ?A?制度 ?B?系统 ?C?身体
1．Smoking is bad for your system.__C__ 2．They have an alarm system in the house.__B__ 3．As we know, he planned to end the welfare system.__A__ 第二板块| 短语句型归纳集释 1．in other words(＝that is to say)换句话说 [经典例句] The tax only affects people on incomes of over $200,000 — in other words, the very rich.(朗文 P1619) 这项税只影响收入在 20 万美元以上的人，换句话说，也就是很有钱的人。
in a/one word in words keep/break one's word have a word with sb. have words with sb. Word came that ...
总之；简言之 用语言；口头上 遵守诺言/食言 与某人谈话 与某人争吵 有消息传来??(此时 word 为不可数名词)
①In a/one word, the Program aims to encourage students to be active citizens and engage themselves in making a difference in society. 总之，这个计划目的是鼓励学生们成为积极的市民并让他们在社会中发挥作用。 ②Word_came_that our women volleyball team had won the championship. 消息传来，我们的女排赢得了冠军。 2．look forward to 期望，盼望(to 是介词) [高考佳句] I'm looking forward to hearing from you.(2015·全国卷Ⅰ书面表达) 我期待着收到你的信。 (1)look forward 有时表示“向前看”，后面跟 to do 表示目的。 (2)在定语从句中常考查 look forward to，其后的动词与 to 没有任何关系。 ①He stood up and looked forward to see (see) what was going on outside. 他站起来往前看，想看看外面发生了什么事情。 ②The day we were looking forward to came (come) at last. 我们期待的那一天终于到来了。 3．take part in 参加，参与 [教材原句] I take part in all kinds of after?school activities — I play football, basketball, volleyball, table tennis and I go to theater club. 我参加各种课外活动——我踢足球、打篮球、打排球、打乒乓球，而且我还去戏剧俱乐部。 take an active part in 积极参加/参与
①A lively and caring girl, Anna, takes_an_active_part_in social activities. 安娜是一个活泼又有爱心的女孩，她积极参加社会活动。 [辨析比较] take part in, join, join in, attend
试一试 选用以上词语填空 My brother ②attended a law school after he left middle school. Yesterday he ③attended/took_part_in a meeting held in his class. He ④joined_in the discussion whether they would ⑤join a theater club. At last, most students signed up for it, including my brother.
辨一辨 take part in join join in attend 指参加群众性活动、会议等，参加者持积极态度，在活动中起作用 指加入某个团体、组织等，并成为其中一员 指参加某些小型的活动或比赛等，也可以用于 join sb. in sth. 主要指参加会议、仪式、婚礼、葬礼、典礼或上课、上学、做礼拜、听 报告等，强调的是“参加”这一动作本身，不强调参加者的作用
4．In other words, there are three_times_as_many_girls_as boys. 换句话说，女生人数是男生的三倍。 three times as many girls as 为一种倍数表达方式，其构成形式为“倍数＋as＋many/much ＋n.＋as”。 三种常见表示“倍数”的句型： (1)倍数＋as＋adj./adv.的原级＋as ... (2)倍数＋adj./adv.的比较级＋than ... (3)倍数＋the＋性质名词(size/length/width/height/depth ...) ＋of ... My farm has expanded into a big one, which is three times as big as the previous one. ＝My farm has expanded into a big one, which is three_times_bigger_than the previous one. ＝My farm has expanded into a big one, which is three_times_the_size_of the previous one. 我的农场已经扩展成了一个大农场，是原来的 3 倍大。 [名师指津] 表示“两倍”时用 twice 或 double，三倍或三倍以上用“基数词＋times”表 达。句子中表示倍数也可以用分数、百分数、half 等其他程度状语。 5．I_don't_think I will be bored in Ms Shen's class! 我认为上沈老师的课我是不会感到厌倦的！ 本句采用了否定转移结构。否定转移是指把对宾语从句的否定转移到主句谓语动词上，它必 须同时满足三个条件： (1)主语是第一人称 I 或 we (2)主句谓语是一般现在时 (3)谓语动词应是 think, believe, suppose, guess, ima?gine 等
①I don't_think I'd like to see the movie, though it is pretty good. 我认为我不会看这部电影，尽管它非常好。
②I don't_believe we've met before, although I must say you do look familiar. 我相信我们以前没见过面，但我必须说，你看起来的确很熟悉。 [名师指津] 否定转移结构变成反意疑问句时，附加问句部分一般与从句一致。 ③I don't suppose that it is true, is_it? 我认为那不是真的，是吗？ [短语句型集成训练] Ⅰ.基础点全练 1．单句语法填空 ①I'm going to take part in the Dragon Boat Training Camp this summer.(2015·北京 高考改编) ②Society has changed and so have the people in it. ③There is nothing like swimming as a means of keeping fit. ④Owning a private car is far from a dream for some Chinese peasants at present. ⑤What they performed during the finals is similar to their ordinary training. ⑥I don't suppose they will come if it rains, will they? ⑦Everyone looks forward to progress, whether in one's personal life or in the general society. ⑧To her joy, Della earned first the trust of her students and then that of her colleagues. 2．运用所学短语完成片段 I am a peasant worker who is working in a big city ①far_from (远离) my hometown. The life in the city is ②nothing_like (一点也不像) that of my hometown. Here I have learned to do things ③by_myself (独自地) and I have learned some new techniques. But I don't think I will go on working here forever, because it is not my home. ④In_other_words (换句话说), my home is in the countryside. Sometimes I ⑤have_fun (很开心) but more often I miss my hometown. I ⑥look_forward_to (期待) going home with new techniques and making my hometown better and better. Ⅱ.重难点多练 1．word 相关短语点点练 选词填空 in other words， in a/one word， in words ①I soon found that the work I was doing had been done by other people — in_other_words,_I was wasting my time. ②In_a/one_word,_my study will be much better with my full devotion to it.
③The old workers instruct the young workers not only in_words but in deeds. 2．倍数表达句型全方位 句型转换 This hospital is three times as large as that one. →This hospital is three times larger than that one. →This hospital is three times the size of that one.
[课堂练基础] Ⅰ.单句语法填空 1．We are looking forward to having (have) your early reply to this matter. 2．The weather of this week is worse than that of last week. 3．What is your attitude towards/to senior high students taking up a part?time job? 4．Our city has experienced twice as much rain this year as it did last year. 5．There is nothing like a good cry to get all your worries out of you. 6．The art show was far from a failure; it was a great success. 7．Be sure to follow the instructions (instruct) given by the teacher while doing this chemical experiment. 8．If you go to attend the party to be held tonight, so will I. 9．The newspapers keep us informed (inform) of what is going on around us at any time. 10．They asked him to leave — in other words, he was fired. Ⅱ.单句改错 1．Anything will become bored if you do it repeatedly.bored→boring 2．They can not read or write well enough to understand the instruction on a medicine bottle.instruction→instructions 3．I don't expect you can finish the work in three days, can't you？can't→can 4 ． There was a disappointing look on her face when she saw the
result.disappointing→disappointed 5 ． At our factory there are a few machines similar to it described in this magazine.it→that 6．We are looking forward to receive your e?mail in no time.receive→receiving 7．It was amazed that the boy was able to solve the problem so quickly. amazed→amazing 8．Now it is very easy and quick to get informations from the Internet with just a computer.informations→information
Ⅲ.用本单元所学知识完成写作训练 (一)依据提示补全短文 My friend Li Hua did very well in the College Entrance Examination; that is to say, he 1 went_to_college (上大学) successfully. 2 At_the_start_of (在??的开始) being in college he found college life was completely different from that in the middle school. He didn't adapt to the college life and sometimes he was tired of learning. ①With the teacher's 3 instruction_and_encouragement (指导和鼓励), he gradually adapted to it and developed a 4 positive_attitude_towards/to_life (对生活的积极态度). He 5 took_part_in (参加) all kinds of activities. Besides his majors, Li Hua learned more about 6 information_technology (信息技术) and learned to speak fluent English. ②He believed in this way he could 7 make_a_good_impression_on (给??留下好印象) his teachers and classmates. He was 8 looking_forward_to (期待) becoming a successful man in society in the future. (二)按要求将词汇句式升级 1．用本单元高级词汇替换加彩部分 (1)that is to say→in_other_words (2)completely different from→nothing_like (3)tired of→bored_with 2．按要求进行句式改写 (1)用强调句型改写句① It_was_with_the_teacher's_instruction_and_encouragement_that he gradually adapted to it and developed a good attitude towards/to life. (2)用 only 倒装句改写句② He believed only_in_this_way_could_he_make_a_good_impression_on_his_teachers_and _classmates. [课下练高考] 阅读理解提速练——练速度 (限时：20 分钟) A (2016·江西重点中学盟校第一次联考 )Students wishing to safeguard their careers against changes in the job market should opt for science rather than arts degrees,
according to a survey of undergraduates. Engineering and chemistry were considered to be the most “future proof”， as they are courses most likely to lead to an enduring and adaptable career. Students polled by Pearson College were broadly optimistic that their chosen courses would prepare them for a world in which the job market could change dramatically during their working lives. But opinion was sharply divided over which degrees were best for future?proof careers. Eighty?two percent of respondents believed engineering would help develop future?proof skills, with 74 percent believing the same of chemistry and 73 percent of computer science. But just 33 percent of undergraduates believed history would lead to a future?proof career, and 40 percent English. However more than two thirds of students (67 percent) thought the world of work would be significantly different or completely unrecognizable in 20 years. The findings, published today, come after Education Secretary Nicky Morgan sparked controversy with claims that teenagers should steer clear of the arts and humanities and opt for science or maths subjects if they want to access the widest range of jobs. She said that in previous decades students would only take maths or science if they wanted to pursue a specific career such as medicine or pharmacy, but nowadays that “couldn't_be_further_from_the_truth”. “If you wanted to do something different, or even if you didn't know what you wanted to do ... then the arts and humanities were what you chose. Because they were useful — we were told — for all kinds of jobs. Of course now we know that couldn't be further from the truth, and that the subjects that keep young people's options open and unlock doors to all sorts of careers are the STEM (science, technology, engineering and maths) subjects.” She also described maths as “the subject that employers value most” and said that pupils who study A?level maths will earn 10 percent more over their lifetime. “These figures show us that too many young people are making choices aged 15 which will hold them back for the rest of their lives.”she said. 语篇解读：本文是一篇说明文。文章介绍了课程的选择对学生们未来的发展情况的影响。 1 ． In order to guarantee your future job, which kind of courses will you choose according to the survey? A．Engineering or English.
B．History or Maths. C．Maths or Art. D．Engineering or Chemistry. 解析：选 D 细节理解题。根据第二段“Engineering and chemistry ... an enduring and adaptable career.”可知，工程学和化学被认为是最有前景的学科，因为它们能够让人找到持久 的、适应性强的职业。因此要想未来工作有保证，应选择工程学和化学。故选 D 项。 2．What's the students' attitude towards their chosen courses? A．Doubtful. C．Optimistic. B．Worried. D．Objective.
解析：选 C 观点态度题。根据第三段“Students polled by Pearson College were broadly optimistic that their chosen courses ...”可知，学生对所选择的课程持乐观态度。故选 C 项。 3．How do you understand the underlined words? A．It is far away from the truth. B．It's to the truth. C．It couldn't be closer to the truth. D．It reflects the truth. 解析：选 A 句意理解题。根据画线部分前的“She said that in previous decades ... or pharmacy ...”并结合转折连词及时间状语“but nowadays”可推知，现在仅仅选择数学和自然 科学这两门课是远远不够的。因此画线部分的意思是“现在这是很不符合实际情况的”。故选 A 项。 4．What did Nicky Morgan indicate in her claim? A．If you want to do something different, the arts and humanities are what you choose now. B．STEM subjects can make young people choose their future jobs freely. C．At college, young people should make choices for their lives. D．Maths and science are considered to be the subjects that employers value most. 解析：选 B 推理判断题。根据倒数第三段最后一句可知，STEM 课程为学生能够自由选择各 种职业提供了可能。故选 B 项。 B (2016·济南市高三调研)For twenty years, I saved all my college course notes and textbooks: that's a lot of paper. Worse, it's not easy to carry them around — and trust me, they aren't light — on at least seven moves. Yet I never once looked at them. They sat in our basement, covered in a thick layer of dust. If books and papers could wonder, they'd wonder why they were
still under our stairs after all those years. When would the Big Day come? Well, the Big Day eventually did arrive; only it was different than expected. My wife, always more accepting changes than I am, finally talked me into clearing out the entire mess. The pain I experienced was also unexpected. What hurt me was to come across those terrible papers I'd written, which reminded me of my poor study habits, and an embarrassing lack of comprehension. It was great to get rid of them. But it was also a clearing of personal history. At first, I struggled with this. The truth was in the record that my books, my notes, and my papers were primary source materials, documenting an important time in my life. To clear them out was to clear out the truth. What I've learned since taking this leap is that the process is more important than the truth. I feel as if much of my real education during my college years isn't in the documents but now in me. So I am glad to free myself of this physical burden. And what's better is that I don't need to look back to those painful moments. They belong to the past. You might want to consider doing something similar, either under the stairs of your basement or in your mind. What is the personal rubbish piling in your life? Clear it out and make your life awesome. 语篇解读：本文是一篇夹叙夹议文。作者下决心清除了堆积多年的大学课本和笔记后，从开始纠 结“清除了过去的记录，就清除了过去的历史”到最终明白“过程才最重要”的道理。 5．Why was the author finally determined to desert all the college materials? A．Because his wife persuaded him to. B．Because they were of no use at all. C．Because they were heavy on the moves. D．Because they occupied space too long. 解析：选 A 细节理解题。根据文章第三段的第二句“My wife ... finally talked me into clearing out the entire mess.”可知，作者的妻子说服了作者，故选 A 项。 6．The author struggled at the very beginning for ________. A．a sense of pain B．a sense of embarrassment C．a sense of regret for the past D．a sense of losing part of his history 解析：选 D 细节理解题。根据文章第四段中的“But it was also a clearing of personal
history.”及第五段中的“To clear them out was to clear out the truth.”可知，作者纠结 的是“清除了过去的记录，就清除了过去的历史”，故选 D 项。 7．What does the underlined word “it” in the last paragraph refer to? A．The past experiences. B．The wasted college?related materials. C．The rubbish in the basement. D．Physical and psychological mess. 解析：选 D 代词指代题。根据文章最后两段中的“either under the stairs of your
basement or in your mind”以及“What is the personal rubbish piling in your life？” 可知，it 指代的是物质上和心理上的垃圾，故 D 项正确。 8．What would be the best title for the passage? A．Let It Go C．Give up the Past B．Sort It Out D．Forget the History
解析：选 A 标题归纳题。结合全文内容可知，本文主要讲述的是该放弃生活中的“垃圾” 的时候，我们就应该任凭它去，并且文章在篇末点题，“Clear it out”是关键词，故 A 项最适 合作文章标题。 C (2016·四川省南充市第三次适应性考试)Two recent studies have found that punishment is not the best way to influence behavior. One showed that adults are much more cooperative if they work in a system based on rewards. Researchers at Harvard University in the United States and the Stockholm School of Economics in Sweden did the study. They had about two hundred college students play a version of the game known as the Prisoner's Dilemma. The game is based on the tension (紧张气氛) between the interests of an individual and a group. The students played in groups of four. Each player could win points for the group, so they would all gain equally. But each player could also reward or punish each of the other three players, at a cost to the punisher. Harvard researcher David Rand says the most successful behavior proved to be cooperation. The groups that rewarded it the most earned about twice as much in the game as the groups that rewarded it the least. And the more a group punished itself, the lower its earnings were. The group with the most punishment earned twenty?five percent less than the group with the least punishment. The study appeared last month in the journal
The other study involved children. It was presented last month in California at a
conference on violence and abuse. Researchers used intelligence tests given to two groups. More than eight hundred children aged two to four the first time they were tested. More than seven hundred children aged five to nine. The two groups were retested four years later, and the study compared the results with the first test. Both groups contained children whose parents used physical punishment and children whose parents did not. The study says the IQs — or intelligence quotients — of the younger children who were not spanked were five points higher than those who were. In the older group, the difference was almost three points. Murray Strauss from the University of New Hampshire worked with Mallie Paschall from the Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation. Professor Strauss has written extensively about physical punishment of children. He says the more they are spanked, the slower their mental development. He also looked at average IQs in other nations and found them lower where spanking was more common. 语篇解读：本文是一篇议论文。文章通过两项研究的数据和结果证明了体罚不是规范行为举止的 最好方法。 9．Which could be the best title of the passage? A．Punishment B．The Best Way to Influence Behavior C．Punishment or Reward: Which Works Better on Behavior? D．Two Recent Studies 解析：选 C 标题归纳题。通读全文可知，文章通过两项研究来证明：表扬和惩罚这两种方 式哪种在规范人的行为方面更有效。C 项概括了文章内容，适合做标题。故答案选 C。 10．The underlined word “spanked” probably means “______”． A．won C．tested B．punished D．praised
解析：选 B 词义猜测题。根据第六段第二句可知，两组都有父母实行体罚和不实行体罚的 孩子。画线词所在句意为“这个研究表明，在年龄较小的孩子中，没有受到体罚的孩子的智商比 受到体罚的孩子高五分”。因此画线词的意思与“体罚”意思相近。故答案选 B。 11．According to the passage, the researchers may agree the best way to influence behavior is ________. A．rewarding good behavior B．correcting bad behavior C．punishing badly?behaved children
D．praising well?behaved children 解析：选 A 推理判断题。根据第四段可知，成员之间互相奖励的团队要比互相惩罚的团队 得分高。由此可推知，专家认为规范行为举止的最好方式是表扬好的行为。故答案选 A。 12．The author develops the passage ________. A．in order of time B．in order of importance C．by describing his experiences D．by using quotations (引证) and statistics 解析：选 D 写作手法题。通读全文可知，文章通过两项研究的数据和结果证明了体罚不是 规范行为举止的最好方法。故答案选 D。 Module 2 My New Teachers
Ⅰ.单词—在语境中默写，在联想中积累 [写得准] [用得活] [积得多]
1.nervous adj. 的；焦虑的 2.avoid vt.
聪明的 ②clever adj. 聪明的 ③smart adj. 机灵的 ④bright adj. 聪明的 ⑤wise adj. 英明的 2.“立即，即刻”全接 触 ①immediately 立即 ②instantly adv. 刻 ③at once 立即 ④in no time 立刻 ⑤in a flash 即刻 ⑥right now/away 立 即
3.admit vt. 承认 4.wave vt. 挥(手)； 招(手) 5.amusing adj. 有趣的；可 笑的→amuse vt.使快乐；逗 乐→amusement n．娱乐；快 乐→amused adj.被逗乐的人 6.energetic adj. 精力充沛 的→energy n．精力；能源 7.intelligent adj. 聪 明 的 →intelligence n．智力 8.organised adj.有组织的； 有系统的；做事有条理的 →organise
amusing person who often amuses us with amusing stories. So staying with him is really a kind of
amusement.(amuse) 2.The leader of the organisation highly is a
person and we all like the activities he organises.(organise ) 3.Don't patience lose with
→organisation n．组织 9.patient adj.耐心的 n.病 人→patience n．耐心 10.completely adv.十分地； 完全地→complete adj.完全 的 11.immediately adv.立即； 即刻→immediate adj. 立即 的；即刻的 12.appreciate vt.欣赏；感 激→appreciation n．欣赏； 感激 13.respect vt.& n．尊敬； 尊重→respectful adj.有礼 貌的；恭敬的→respectable
刻 3.“感激，感谢”大观 园 ①appreciate vt. 激 →appreciation n. 感 激 ②thank vt. 感谢 →thanks n. 感谢 →thankful adj. 感谢 的 ③grateful adj. 感激 的 4. 聚焦否定前缀 in?形 容词 感
patients! As a nurse, you should be patient with them all the time.(patient) 4.Our teacher respects opinions. English often our Everyone
in our class says he is a respectable
teacher and we should be respectful to
14.relaxed adj.轻松的；松 懈的；宽松的→relax vt.使
him.(respect) 5.Fishing favourite is his
① incorrect 的
relaxation. Therefore, when he wants himself, to he relax goes
②informal 非正式的 ③ independent 的 ④ inconvenient 便的 ⑤ incredible 信的 ⑥ indifferent 的 ⑦ incomplete 的 ⑧ ineffective 果的 无效 不完整 冷漠 难以置 不方 独立
15.similarly adv.同样地； 类似地→similar adj. 同样 的 ； 类 似 的 →similarity
fishing and enjoys a relaxed mood.(relax) 6.Similarly,_we can see this report is similar to that one. The between suggests person both.(similar) 7.Tom is an that similarity them one wrote
16.incorrectly adv.不正确 地→incorrect adj. 不正确 的→correct adj.正确的
intelligent boy who has high
Ⅱ.短语—在应用中记牢，在归纳中记多 [写得准] [用得活] [积得多]
选用左栏短语填空 1.I hope that you will 1.make_sure 明；弄清楚 2.agree_with 同；适合 3.so_that 因此；为的是 4.make_progress 步 5.as_a_result 结果是 6.in_fact 事实上 7.fall_asleep 睡着 8.tell_jokes 讲笑话；开 玩笑 9.come_on 快点；得了吧 10.be_true_of 适用于 取得进 同意；赞 确信；查 agree_with me and write back soon.(2014·北京 高考改编) 2.The team are working hard to analyze the problem so_that they can find the best 1.agree 相 关短 语多 棱镜 ① agree with 意(看法等)；适合 ②agree to 划) ③ agree on 达成一致 2.fall 相关短语全扫 描 ①fall asleep 睡着 ②fall ill 生病 was ③fall apart 破碎； 散架 ④fall behind 落后 ⑤fall in love with 爱上 就 ?? 同意(计 同
solution.(2015· 湖 北 高考改编) 3.He was caught drunk driving. As_a_result,_he put into prison. 4.Yesterday, the tired traveller lay on the bed and fell_asleep at once.
Ⅲ.句式—在解读中学懂，在仿写中学通 [背原句] 1.She's kind and patient, and she explains English grammar so clearly that even I can understand it！ 她和善且有耐心，她讲解的 英语语法如此清楚，以至于 连我都能明白！ 2.She's very strict — we don't dare to say a word unless she asks us to. 她非常严厉 ——她要是不 unless 引导条件 状语从句，意为 “除非”。 so ... that ... 引导结果状语从 句 表 示 “ 如 此 ?? 以 至 于??”。 [记句式] [会仿用] 那时候，我是如此喜欢篮球以 至于整天打篮球。 At that time, I loved
basketball so_much_that I played it all day
long.(2014·重庆高考改编) 除非你努力学习，否则考试会 不及格。 You'll fail in the exam unless_you_study_hard.
让我们说话，我们就一句话 也不敢说。 3.Physics will never be my favourite lesson, but I think that I'll do well in the exam with Mrs Chen teaching me. 虽然物理永远不会是我最 喜欢的课，但是我想有陈老 师教我，我在考试中会取得 好成绩的。 为了过低碳生活，一些人宁愿 4.I'd rather do than would rather do sth. than (do) sth.“宁愿做某 事而不愿做某 事”。 坐公共汽车也不愿开车去上 班。 To live a low?carbon life, some people “with＋宾语＋ 宾语补足语”的 复合结构。 随着社会的迅速发展，我们很 有必要掌握好英语和电脑。 With_the_society_developi ng_rapidly,_it's necessary for us to have a good knowledge of English and computer.
revision, Mr Stanton. 斯坦顿老师，我宁愿做翻译 练习也不愿复习。
would_rather_take_a_bus_t han_drive_a_car to work.
第一板块| 核心单词归纳集释 1．patient adj.耐心的；能忍受的 n．病人 [教材原句] My father is lively and energetic, but he is not very patient. 我爸爸精力旺盛，但他不是很有耐心。 (1)be patient with sb. be patient of sth. (2)impatient adj. be/become impatient of sth. (3)patience n. impatience n. with patience ＝ patiently 对某人有耐心 忍受/忍耐某事 不耐烦的；没有耐心的 对某事不能容忍 耐心 不耐烦 耐心地
①She is_very_patient_with young children, so she is fit for the job. 她对小孩特别有耐心，因此适合这份工作。 ②Whenever I made mistakes, the teacher always pointed them out with patience. 无论什么时候我犯了错误，老师总是耐心地把它们指出来。 2．appreciate vt.欣赏；感激；体谅 [教材原句] Some of our class don't like her, but most of us really appreciate her because her teaching is so well organised and clear. 班里有些学生不喜欢她，但我们多数人都很欣赏她，因为她讲课既有条理又清楚。 (1)appreciate (one's) doing sth. I would appreciate it if ... (2)appreciation n. 欣赏/感激(某人)做某事 如果??，我将不胜感激 欣赏；感激
①I'd appreciate your writing (write) me back as soon as possible.(2014·全国卷Ⅰ 满分作文) 你若能尽快地给我回信，我会非常感激。 ② I really appreciate_it if you could give me such an opportunity to show my talent.(2015·陕西高考满分作文) 如果你能给我一个这样的机会来展示我的才能我真的会非常感激。 [熟词生义] 读句子猜含义 ③I appreciate your problem, but I don't think I can help you.体谅 [名师指津] appreciate 后面先接 it 再跟从句，其中的 it 指代后面从句的内容，相当于形 式宾语。有类似用法的还有：love, hate, like, prefer, dislike 等。 3．admit v．承认；准许进入；接纳；可容纳 [教材原句] And a few students even admit liking her! 有一些学生甚至承认喜欢她！ admit doing/having done sth. admit sb. to/into 承认做/做过某事 准许某人进入??； 允许某人加入?? be admitted to/into admit that ... 被接收(入学/入院/入党)等 承认??
①She apologised to me and admitted having_taken (take) my umbrella by mistake. 她向我道歉并承认错拿了我的伞。 ②The exams are likely to work out as expected and my dream to be admitted_to/into
my favorite university will come true.(2014·四川高考书面表达) 这些考试可能产生了预期的效果，我升入理想大学的梦想将要实现了。 4．respect vt.尊敬；尊重；遵守 n.尊敬；方面；(pl.)敬意；问候 [高考佳句] When I have a different opinion, I may choose to give it up and respect the opinion of the majority.(2015·浙江高考书面表达) 当我有不同的意见时，我会选择放弃而尊重多数人的意见。 (1)have/show respect for sb. in ... respect in respect of/with respect to (2)respectful adj. be respectful to sb. respectable adj. 尊敬某人 在??方面 关于；就??而言 有礼貌的；恭敬的 尊敬某人 体面的；令人尊敬的
①We have the greatest respect for Mo Yan in respect of his winning the Nobel Prize in Literature. 就莫言获得了诺贝尔文学奖而言，我们非常钦佩他。 ②This proposal differs from the last one in_many_important_respects. 在很多重要的方面，这个建议不同于上一个。 ③The teacher is respectable,_so we are all respectful to him.(respect) 这位老师令人尊敬，因此我们所有的人都尊敬他。 [单词集成训练] Ⅰ.基础点全练(单句语法填空/完成句子) 1．We were having a great time and feeling very relaxed (relax). 2．Strictly (strict) speaking, your opinion isn't the same with mine. 3．I would appreciate it if you call back this afternoon for the doctor's appointment. 4．My Chinese teacher is very amusing (amuse). He always makes us laugh in class. 5．To avoid being_seen (see) by the teacher, Tom got into the classroom from the back door quietly. 6．Do you wake up every morning feeling_energetic (感到精力充沛) and ready to start a new day? 7．We should owe our success to hard work rather_than_intelligence (而不是智力)． 8．Once we discover a mistake, we should not ignore it but_correct_it_immediately (而应立即改正它)． Ⅱ.重难点多练 1．patient 面面观
单句语法填空 ①He is just a small child, so you should be patient with him. ②We became impatient (patient) of the slow progress that was being made. ③There was a queue of people waiting with patience for the bus to arrive. 2．admit 万花筒 (1)单句语法填空 ①I still remember three years ago when I was admitted to/into this school.(2014·湖 北高考改编) ②She can always put other people right, but will never admit making (make) an error herself. ③Her being_admitted (admit) to Beijing University made her parents very happy. (2)一句多译 他承认违反了交通规则。 ④He admitted breaking the traffic rules. ⑤He admitted having broken the traffic rules. ⑥He admitted that he had broken the traffic rules. 3．respect 多棱镜 完成句子 ①孩子们应对老师表示尊敬。 Children should have/show_respect_for their teachers. ②从这方面看，新技术塑造了我们的文化。 In_this_respect,_new technologies have shaped our culture. ③你的文章在文体方面很好，但在其他方面令人不满意。 Your article is wonderful in_respect_of/with_respect_to style, but unsatisfactory in_other_respects. Ⅲ.阅读词汇专练 1．根据语境选出形容词 serious 的词义 (A)严肃的 (C)重要的 (B)严重的 (D)认真的
①They agreed to have lunch before starting the serious business.__C__ ②Mistakes due to carelessness may have serious consequences.__B__ ③He struck me as a very serious but friendly person.__A__ ④Don't even think about Peter. He has a serious girlfriend already.__D__ 2．根据语境选出 wave 的词性和词义
①A huge wave swept the boat away.__D__ ②They came to the front door to wave goodbye.__A__ ③The magician waved his wand (魔杖) and the door opened.__B__ ④He saluted his friends with a wave of the hand.__C__ ⑤A wave of immigrants is washing over Western Europe.__E__ 第二板块| 短语句型归纳集释 1．make sure 确定；确信；查明；弄清楚 [教材原句] Good teachers make sure that everyone in the class understands. 好教师应确保班上的每位学生都能理解(所讲的东西)。 make sure of/about ... make sure that ... be sure of/about/that ... be sure to do sth. for sure 弄清楚；查明 确信/务必?? (主语)有把握，确信?? (主语)一定会做某事 确定地，无疑地
①You'd better make_sure_of/about the exact time of the arriving train. 你最好弄清楚火车到达的确切时间。 ②You are sure to_succeed (succeed) if you go on working hard. 如果你继续努力工作，你一定会成功的。 [名师指津] make sure 后一般不跟不定式。 另外， 以上结构中的 sure 都可与 certain 互换， 但名词性从句作主语时不用 sure， 要用 certain。 还要注意， 在祈使句中要用 sure 不用 certain。 2．as a result 结果；因此 [教材原句] During scientific experiments, she explains exactly what is happening and as a result my work is improving. 做科学实验时，她把发生的现象解释得很确切，因此我的学习成绩正得以提高。 as a result of result in result from 因为；由于 导致 由??产生
①As_a_result_of the pilots' strike, all flights have had to be canceled. 由于飞行员罢工，所有航班都被迫取消了。 ②The terrible accident resulted from a driver's drunk driving. 那场可怕的事故是由一个司机醉酒驾车而引起的。
3．Physics will never be my favourite lesson, but I think that I'll do well in the exam with_Mrs_Chen_teaching_me. 虽然物理永远不会是我最喜欢的课，但是我想有陈老师教我，我在考试中会取得好成绩的。 句中 with Mrs Chen teaching me 属于“with＋宾语＋宾语补足语”的复合结构。该结构常 作原因、条件、时间、方式或伴随状语，也可作后置定语。with 复合结构的常见形式有： 形容词/副词/介词短语 ? ?现在分词?表示主动或进行? with＋宾语＋宾补? 过去分词?表示被动或完成? ? ?动词不定式?表示未做? ①He went out of the classroom with a book in_his_hand. 手里拿着一本书，他走出了教室。 ②With all the work finished (finish), they hurried back home for lunch. 所有的工作都做完了，他们匆忙赶回家吃午饭。 ③The young woman, with a baby sleeping (sleep) in her arms, was wandering in the street. 那位年轻的妇女，抱着一个熟睡的婴儿，漫步在大街上。 ④With so many essays to_write (write), he won't have time to go shopping this morning. 有那么多文章要写，他今天早上没有时间去买东西。 4．I'd_rather do translation than revision, Mr Stanton. 斯坦顿老师，我宁愿做翻译练习也不愿复习。 would rather do sth. than (do) sth.意为“宁愿做某事而不愿做某事”，相当于 would do sth. rather than do sth.或 prefer to do sth. rather than do sth.。 ①I would rather go out for a walk than stay at home. 我宁愿出去散步也不愿待在家里。 (1)would rather (not) do sth. 宁愿(不)做某事 would rather (not) have done sth. 宁愿(没)做过某事(对过去的虚拟) (2)would rather sb. did sth. 宁愿某人做某事(对现在和将来的虚拟) would rather sb. had done sth. 宁愿某人做过某事(对过去的虚拟) ②I'd rather not have_said (say) that at the meeting. 我宁愿我没在会上说过那件事。
③Don't come tomorrow. I'd rather you came (come) next weekend. 明天别来，我宁愿你下周末来。 [名师指津] I'd rather not.常用来表示客气地拒绝别人的请求。 [写作联想] 例句①其他表达方式 ①I would go out for a walk rather than stay at home. ②I prefer to go out for a walk rather than stay at home. [短语句型集成训练] Ⅰ.基础点全练 1．单句语法填空/完成句子 ①Be sure to_lock (lock) the storehouse when you leave the factory. ②This cold and damp climate here doesn't agree with me. ③The service in the restaurant is good and it is true of the food. ④It is such fine weather that we all want to go out for a walk. ⑤He seems very serious, but in fact he has a delightful sense of humor. ⑥Nobody can achieve anything of real significance unless he works very hard. ⑦Come_on (快点), or we'll be too late for the party. 2．运用所学短语完成片段 Before the exam, John often ①told_jokes (开玩笑) that even if he ②fell_asleep (睡 着) during it, he could still pass it. But ③in_fact (事实上) he was so careless that he made many mistakes. ④As_a_result (结果), he failed in the exam. His teacher said to him, “You should do some solid work ⑤so_that (为的是) you can succeed in the next exam.” With the teacher helping him, he ⑥made_great_progress (取得了很大进步). Ⅱ.重难点多练 1．result 相关短语点点练 (1)介词填空 ①He has never studied hard, resulting in his failure. ②They broke up as a result of the endless quarrels. ③The terrible traffic accident largely resulted from the driver's tiredness. (2)一句多译 他突然头疼起来，结果他未能去参加宴会。 ④He had a sudden headache. As a result,_he wasn't able to attend the party.(result
⑤He wasn't able to attend the party as a result of his sudden headache.(result n．)
⑥His sudden headache resulted in his not being able to attend the party.(result v．) ⑦His not being able to attend the party resulted from his sudden headache.(result
2．with 复合结构面面观 (1)用所给词的适当形式填空 ①With so many people looking (look) at him, he felt very nervous. ②With many things to_deal (deal) with, I have to stop listening to the light music. ③With all the things he needed bought (buy), he went home happily. (2)句型转换 ④As time went on, it got warmer and warmer. →With time going on,_it got warmer and warmer. 3．would rather 句型一站清 用所给词的适当形式填空 ①He would rather lose (lose) his life than see (see) damage done to state property. ②I would rather you began (begin) to do the work at once by yourself. ③I'd rather you had_gone (go) to the party yesterday — it was so wonderful.
[课堂练基础] Ⅰ.单句语法填空 1．I would appreciate it if you write the article before the deadline.(2015·全国 卷Ⅰ改编) 2．Our bodies are strengthened by taking exercise. Similarly (similar), our minds are developed by learning. 3．First impression (impress) seems to be very important when we are looking for jobs. 4．They helped and learned from each other; as a result, they became good friends. 5．Immediately (immediate) she'd gone, I remembered her name. 6．My grandfather is as energetic (energy) as a young man and hates sitting around doing nothing all day. 7．He worked late every day, and his wife would always wait with patience (patient) for him to come back. 8．The famous film star changed his clothes and wore a pair of dark glasses to avoid being__recognized (recognize)． 9．Lucy has a great sense of humor and always keeps her colleagues amused (amuse)
with her stories. 10．The living room is clean and tidy, with a dining table already laid (lay) for a meal to be cooked. Ⅱ.单句改错 1．I think that as long as one puts effort into study, he will make a great progress. 去掉 a 2．We come here once a year expecting a quiet relaxed holiday.relaxed→relaxing 3．I would appreciate if you would like to teach me how to use the computer.appreciate 后加 it 4．She explains everything so clear that everyone can understand her. clear→clearly 5．The typhoon has resulted from many thousands of deaths.from→in 6 ． He began to take political science serious only when he left
school.serious→seriously 7．There were so many floods in this area this year. As the result, many people became homeless.the→a 8．You are complete wrong. This is not Mary but her twin sister.complete→completely Ⅲ.用本单元所学知识完成写作训练 (一)依据提示补全短文 Our English teacher is an 1 energetic_and_patient (充满活力而且有耐心) person, but he 2 is_very_strict_with (对??非常严格) us in our study. ①In order to ensure every one of us can understand him, he adopts a lot of teaching methods. If we make mistakes in our homework, he will tell us to correct them at once. 3 As_a_result (on the other hand/as a result), ②we are all very careful when we are doing our homework to avoid making mistakes. ③As he teaches us carefully, we have 4 made_great_progress (取得很大进步) in English. We are grateful to his help and 5 have/show_respect_for/respect (尊敬) him very much. And I 6 am_sure_that (确信) I will go to a key university, with his instruction and help. (二)按要求将词汇句式升级 1．用本单元高级词汇替换加彩部分 (1)ensure→make_sure (2)at once→immediately (3)are grateful to→appreciate
(4)go to→be_admitted_to 2．按要求进行句式改写 (1)用 in order that 结构改写句① In_order_that_he_can_ensure_every_one_of_us_can_understand_him,_he_adopts_a_lot_ of_teaching_methods._ (2)用省略句改写句② we_are_all_very_careful_when_doing_our_homework_to_avoid_making_mistakes (3)用 with 复合结构改写句③ With_him_teaching_us_carefully,_we_have_made_great_progress_in_English._ [课下练高考] “阅读＋七选五＋完形”组合练——练题型 (限时：35 分钟) Ⅰ.阅读理解 (2016·沈阳市高三质检)I have been teaching animal behavior at the Boulder County Jail in Colorado for 10 years. The course is one of the most popular in the prison. Prisoners have to earn the right to attend the course and they work hard to get in. One reason why the course is so popular is that many prisoners find it easier to connect with animals than with people, because animals don't judge them. They trust animals in ways they don't with humans. Yet, they hold a misunderstanding of how animals treat one another. Many admit that their own “animal behavior” is what got them into trouble in the first place. I teach that though there is competition and aggression in the animal kingdom, there is also a lot of cooperation (合作) and sympathy. Many of the students want to build healthy relationships, and they find that the class helps them. I use examples of the social behavior of group?living animals such as wolves as a model for developing and maintaining (维持) friendships among people who must work together for their own good and also for the good of the group. It's clear that science inspires the students here and it also gives them hope. I know some students have gone back into education after their being set free while others have gone to work for humane ( 人 道 的 ) societies or contributed time and money to conservation organizations. One went on to receive a master's degree in nature writing. Science and humane education help the prisoners connect with values that they otherwise would not have done. It opens the door to understanding, trust, cooperation and hope. There's a large population of people to whom science could mean a lot, if only
they could have access to it. The class helps me, too. I get as much out of it as the students and it has made me a better teacher. 语篇解读： 本文是一篇夹叙夹议文， 讲述了作者作为一名教师， 在一所监狱讲授 animal behavior 的经历和收获。 1．The author's course is welcomed by the prisoners because ________. A．they consider animals their best friends B．they are curious about the animal kingdom C．they feel it easier to get along with animals D．they are more familiar with animal behavior 解析：选 C 细节理解题。根据文章第二段的第一句可知，犯人感觉相对于人而言与动物更 容易相处，故选 C。 2．The author used wolves as an example to ________. A．provide the prisoners with more knowledge B．explain the cruel side of group?living animals C．help the prisoners realize the importance of teamwork D．inform the prisoners that animals get people into trouble 解析：选 C 细节理解题。根据第四段中的“I use examples of the social behavior of group?living animals ... the good of the group.”可知，作者以狼为例是为了帮助犯人明白 合作的重要性，因此选择 C。 3．We can infer from the text that some prisoners ________. A．have turned over a new leaf B．are required to attend the course C．are willing to learn working skills D．prefer humane education to science 解析：选 A 推理判断题。根据倒数第二段的内容可知，很多犯人出狱后有很大的改变，因 此选 A, turn over a new leaf “改过自新”。 Ⅱ.阅读七选五 (2016·包头市高三统一考试)__1__. Unlike student loans, scholarships do not have to be repaid. Hundreds of thousands of scholarships from several thousand sponsors are awarded each year. Generally, scholarships are reserved for students with special qualifications. __2__. Awards are also available for students who are interested in particular fields of study, who live in certain areas of the country or who demonstrate financial needs.
__3__. FastWeb is such a search. It compares your background with a database of awards. Only those awards that fit your profile are identified as matches. There are several free scholarship databases available online. The FastWeb scholarship search is the largest, most accurate and most frequently?updated scholarship database. If you supply an email address, they will inform you when new awards that match your profile are added to the database. __4__. Scholarships come in all shapes and sizes. Knowing and searching the types of scholarships that are out there will ensure that you find any and every scholarship for which you qualify. Students who are awarded scholarships often need additional financial assistance. __5__. To find out about grants and other aid types, visit the section discussing Other Types of Aid. For businessmen and philanthropists ( 慈 善家 ) who are thinking about sponsoring a new scholarship, find the Scholarship Design & Management section. A．Students can apply for scholarships from their teachers B．See the Loans section for information on student and parent loans C．The best way to search for scholarships is to use a personalized search D．Scholarships are a form of aid that helps students pay for their education E．However, it is very difficult for students to get the special qualifications F．Those who have academic, athletic or artistic talent are likely to be awarded G．FastWeb also includes a college search and numerous other student resources 答案：1～5 DFCGB Ⅲ.完形填空 (2016·银川一中高三模拟)She was only about five feet tall and probably never weighed more than 110 pounds. However, Miss Bessie was a(n) __1__presence in the classroom. From 1938 to 1942，when I attended Saint Bernard's High School, she taught me a lot __2__ I realized. There was never a(n)__3__ problem in Miss Bessie's classes. We didn't dare to trouble a woman who knew about the Battle of Hastings and could also play the piano and __4__ Shakespeare and Milton. Miss Bessie knew that my family couldn't afford to buy a newspaper. She knew we didn't __5__ own a radio. Still, she __6__ me to look out for my __7__ and find some ways to __8__ what's going on in the world. __9__ I became a delivery boy who delivered newspapers. I __10__ made a dollar a week, but I got to read a newspaper every day.
Miss Bessie noticed things that had nothing to do with schoolwork but were vital to a youngster's __11__. Once a few classmates made fun of my __12__ overcoat. As I was leaving school, Miss Bessie __13__ me on the back of that old overcoat and said, “Carl, never worry about what you don't have. Just make the most of what you do have — a(n) __14__”． Among the things that I didn't have was __15__ in the little wooden house. But because of her __16__， I spent many hours beside a kerosene lamp (煤油灯) reading Shakespeare's works. Miss Bessie introduced me __17__ a wonderful world of poems and stories. She led me to __18__ that I could write poems as well as Shakespeare. So I read __19__ Miss Bessie told me to, and tried to remember the things she insisted that I store. Years later, her encouragement finally led to that lovely day when Miss Bessie dropped me a note __20__ “I'm so proud to read your article in The Times.” 语篇解读：本文是一篇记叙文，讲述了“我”上高中时，深受 Bessie 老师的启迪和鼓励，最终实 现梦想，成为一名作家的故事。 1．A.amusing C．interesting B．towering D．exciting
解析：选 B 然而，Bessie 在教室里很高大。amusing“好笑的”；towering“高大的”； interesting“有趣的”；exciting“令人激动的，激动人心的”。根据空格前的“However”的 转折可知，此处与前文中的“only about five feet tall”形成对比，故选 B 项。 2．A.more than C．better than B．less than D．worse than
解析：选 A 在 1938 年到 1942 年期间，“我”在 Saint Bernard 高中就读，她教会了“我” 许多多于“我”意识到的东西。more than “比??多”，符合语境。故选 A 项。 3．A.academy C．race 解析：选 D B．homework D．discipline academy“学术”；homework“作业”；race“赛跑，种族”；discipline“纪
律”。根据下文中的“We didn't dare to trouble a woman ... and __4__ Shakespeare and Milton.”可推知， Bessie 很博学，学生们都很佩服她，她的课上从来就没有纪律的问题，故选 D 项。 4．A.make use of C．make sense of B．make fun of D．make light of
解析：选 C 我们不敢找这样一位女士的麻烦，她了解 Hastings 战役，而且还能够弹钢琴， 理解莎士比亚和弥尔顿。make use of“利用”；make fun of“取笑”；make sense of“理解”； make light of“对??等闲视之，轻视”。故选 C 项。 5．A.even B．still
C．ever 解析：选 A
D．yet Bessie 知道我们甚至连台收音机都没有。even“甚至”；still“仍然”；
ever“曾经”；yet“还，然而”。根据上文中的“Miss Bessie knew that my family couldn't afford to buy a newspaper.”可知，作者家里当时很拮据，收音机对作者家来讲是奢侈品，因 此此处表示递进的概念，故选 A 项。 6．A.allowed C．turned B．forced D．encouraged
解析：选 D 她仍然鼓励“我”寻找自己的未来，找一些办法了解世界上正在发生的事情。 下文中的“Years later, her encouragement finally ... __20__” 也是提示，老师鼓励“我” 去做那些事情，故选 D 项。 7．A.happiness C．family B．future D．mistake
解析：选 B 与下文中的“what's going on in the world”相呼应，老师鼓励“我”探索 自己的未来，不要被自己的家庭条件限制，故选 B 项。 8．A.catch up with C．keep up with 解析：选 C B．come up with D．put up with
catch up with“赶上”；come up with“想出”；keep up with“熟悉，了解”；
put up with“容忍”。Bessie 鼓励“我”找一些方法了解世界上正在发生的事，故选 C 项。 9．A.So C．Because B．And D．As
解析：选 A 于是“我”成了一个送报纸的报童。根据语境可知，上下句表示逻辑上的因果 关系，本句是结果，故选 A 项。 10．A.always C．sometimes B．merely D．almost
解析：选 B 根据空格后的“but I got to read a newspaper every day”的转折可知，当 时“我”去送报的报酬很低，故选 B 项，merely“仅仅”。 11．A.appearance C．development B．health D．performance
解析：选 C Bessie 注意到一些与课堂作业没有关系，却对年轻人的发展至关重要的一些事 情。appearance“外貌”；health“健康”；development“发展”；performance“表现”。结 合下文中的例证可知，Bessie 更重视学生的内在发展，故选 C 项。 12．A.colourful C．informal B．modern D．used
解析：选 D 曾经有几个同学嘲笑“我”的旧外套。根据下文中的“that old overcoat”可
知，此处选 D 项，used“旧的”。 13．A.patted C．struck B．hit D．pulled
解析：选 A 当“我”要离开学校时，Bessie 拍拍“我”背上的那件旧外套说：“Carl，永 远不要担心你没有的东西。 充分利用你所拥有的东西——你的头脑。 ”pat“轻拍”； hit“撞击”； strike“碰撞，击打”； pull“拉，拽”。根据语境可知，老师在安慰作者，故选 A 项。 14．A.house C．radio B．overcoat D．brain
解析：选 D 与穿着形成对比，而且是“我”所拥有的，也是老师所看重的应该是人的头脑， 故选 D 项。 15．A.money C．water B．electricity D．gas
解析：选 B “我”家那个小木屋里还没有电。根据下文中的“a kerosene lamp (煤油灯)” 可知，此处应选 B 项。 16．A.inspiration C．curiosity 解析：选 A B．anger D．sponsorship 但是由于她的鼓舞，“我”就在煤油灯下花几个小时读莎士比亚的作品。
inspiration“鼓舞”；anger“怒气”；curiosity“好奇心”；sponsorship“资助”。根据下 文中的“her encouragement”可知，此处选 A 项。 17．A.to C．of B．in D．about
解析： 选 A Bessie 让“我”了解了诗和小说的世界。 此处是固定词组搭配 introduce sb. to sth.“使某人初次了解，使尝试”，故选 A 项。 18．A.imagine C．dream B．believe D．insist
解析：选 B 她让“我”相信“我”可以写得和莎士比亚一样好。故选 B 项。 19．A.whenever C．whichever B．wherever D．whatever
解析：选 D 于是“我”读了 Bessie 让“我”读的所有的书，并尽力去记住那些她坚持要 “我”记住的事情。 whatever 引导宾语从句，在从句中作宾语。本句是一个省略句，补充完整 是：So I read whatever Miss Bessie told me to read，故选 D 项。 20．A.writing C．saying B．printing D．speaking
解析：选 C 多年后，她的鼓励最终使“我”有这样的一天。那天 Bessie 给我一张便条，便
条上写着：“我很自豪能够在 《泰晤士报》上看到你的文章。 ”报纸或信上写着， 经常用动词 say 或 read 表示，故选 C 项。 Module 3 My First Ride on a Train
1.desert n． 2.expert n. 专家 3.midnight n. 半夜 4.journey n. 旅程 5.train vt. 训练 6.event n. 事件 7.ceremony n. 仪式 8.track n. 轨道 9.distance
用所给词的适当形式 填空 1.This abandoned
1.“旅行”名词大观园 ①journey 陆上)旅行 ②travel 旅行，游记 ③trip 足 ④tour 周游，参观访问 ⑤voyage 行 ⑥hiking 徒步旅行 2.别样“风景” ①scenery n ． 景；景色 ②scene n. 场景；风景 ③view n. 景色，风景 ④sights n. 风景，名胜 ⑤landscape n. 景色 ⑥outlook n. 光 3.inter?开头高频词一览 ①interview n． & v. 试；面谈 ②internet n. 因特网 ③international 国际的 ④interval n. 间隔，间 歇 ⑤interpret v. 说明 ⑥interrupt v ．打断 ( 某 人的)讲话； 中断(某人的)行动 解释， 面 景色，风 风景， 风 航海，太空旅 (短途)旅行，远 ( 长 期的
boy was abandoning himself to taking drugs.(abandon) 2.In the interview her fluent English leaves a deep
n ． 距 离
→distant adj.遥远的 10.abandoned adj. 被遗弃 的→abandon vt. 遗弃；抛 弃 11.product
impression on the interviewer.(inter view) 3.The medicine the
n ． 产 品
produced side which that the was
→produce vt.& n．生产； 农产品→production n．生 产；产量 12.scenery n．风景；景色 →scene n．场景；风景 13.shoot vt. 射 杀 →shot
effects, proved product harmful. Therefore,
14.frighten vt. 使吃惊； 惊吓→frightening adj.令 人 害 怕 的 →frightened
factory stopped its production. (product) 4.At the sight of the scene, frightening which
吓；害怕 15.interview n ． & v ．面 试 ； 面 谈 ； 采 访 →interviewer n．(面试时 的 ) 主 考 官 ； 面 谈 者 →interviewee n ．参加面 试者；接受采访者 16.exhausted adj. 疲惫不 堪的→exhausting adj. 令
frightened anyone, he was almost
frightened to death with fright.(frighten) 5.The long cycle
ride exhausted my aunt. On arriving
人 疲 惫 不 堪 的 →exhaust
home, she was so exhausted that she went to bed and fell asleep immediately. cycle really exhausting.(exhaus t) ride The was
[用得活] 选用左栏短语填空 1.Such people always stick to their views, even if it means that they may get_into
[积得多] 1.“v. ＋ off” 短 语 集 汇 ①take off 机)起飞 ②break off 折断 ③fall off 落 ④turn off 掉 ⑤put off 推迟，拖延 ⑥switch off 切断 2.“out of＋ n.”短语 集锦 ①out of sight 见 ② out of order 障 ③out of danger 脱离 危险 ④out of work 失业 ⑤ out of control 控 ⑥out of shape 变形 失 出故 看不 关掉， 关闭，关 减少；跌 (飞
2.get_into 上(车)；进 入；陷入 3.get_out_of 下(车)； 出去；逃避 4.take_off (飞机)起
trouble. 2.Because of the heavy fog, the plane couldn't take_off on time. 3.The president has
飞；脱掉；休假；开始成 功 5.be_short_for 是?? 的缩写/简称 6.not_..._any_more 再 7.out_of_date 过时 8.refer_to 指的是；查 阅；涉及 9.in_the_1930s/1930's 在 20 世纪 30 年代 10.at_a_speed_of 以??的速度 11.more_than 多于，不 仅仅 不
been speaking at the meeting for nearly an hour referring_to notes. 4.The clothes and are few without his
people are willing to buy them. 5.It's dangerous for a green hand like you to drive at_a_speed_of
120 kilometres an hour.
Ⅲ.句式—在解读中学懂，在仿写中学通 [背原句] 1.What do you think the central part of the country is like？ 你认为这个国家的中心 部分是什么样子的？ 2.And what a ride！ [记句式] do you think 是插入语，其 后要用陈述 语序。 what 引 导 的 [会仿用]
你以为他在用那台电脑干些什么呢？ What do_you_think_he_is_doing with that computer？
一次多么精彩的乘车旅 行啊！ 3.Would showing you me mind your you
省略形式的 感叹句。 Would mind you ... ？
What_a_great_pity you missed the lecture again！
ticket ？ /Would
mind if I saw your ticket？ 请给我看一下你的票可 以吗？
后面接名词、 代词、动名词 以及 if 引导 的从句。
我可以问你一个私人问题吗？ Would_you_mind_my_asking_you/if_I _asked_you a private question？
第一板块| 核心单词归纳集释 1．distance n．距离；远处；冷淡 [教材原句] I first travelled a long distance by train when I was six years old. 我六岁时，第一次乘坐火车进行了一次长途旅行。 (1)in the distance at/from a distance 在远处；在远方 从远处；隔一段距离
keep one's distance from ... ＝ keep ... at a distance 与??保持距离 within walking distance 在步行可及的地方 (2)distant adj. be distant from be distant towards sb. 遥远的；冷淡的 离??遥远 对某人冷淡
①Farther in_the_distance,_I could enjoy the view of snowy mountains.(2015·浙江 高考短文改错) 在更远的地方，我能够欣赏雪山的美景。 ② That lovely summer holiday in Beijing already feels like a distant (distance) memory. 在北京度过的那个美好的暑假感觉好像已经是遥远的回忆了。 2．abandoned adj.被遗弃的；放纵的 [教材原句] We saw abandoned farms which were built more than a hundred years ago. 我们看到了一些被遗弃的农场，它们都建于 100 多年以前。
遗弃；抛弃 尽情，放纵 沉湎于；陷入 恣意地；放纵地；尽情地
abandon oneself to (2)with abandon
①Feeling frustrated, I found I gradually abandoned_myself_to games.(2014·湖北高 考满分作文) 感到很沮丧，我渐渐地沉迷于游戏中。 ②At the party, people sang and danced with_abandon,_totally forgetting the troubles in their lives. 聚会上，人们尽情地唱歌、跳舞，把生活中的烦恼抛到了九霄云外。 3．frighten vt.使吃惊；惊吓 [教材原句] The eagle suddenly flew in the air and frightened me. 那只老鹰突然飞了起来，把我吓了一跳。 (1)frighten sb. into/out of doing sth. 吓得某人做/不敢做某事 frighten sb. to death frighten ? away/off (2)frightening adj. frightened adj. be frightened of (3)fright n. with fright 把某人吓得要死 吓走/跑?? 令人恐惧的；可怕的 害怕的；受到惊吓的 害怕?? 恐惧；害怕 害怕地
①News of the robberies frightened_many_people_into fitting new locks to their doors. 发生抢劫案的消息把许多人吓得装上了新门锁。 ②The frightened man sounded as if he was dying of fright.(frighten) 这个受到惊吓的人听起来好像快要吓死了。 [单词集成训练] Ⅰ.基础点全练(单句语法填空/完成句子) 1．I had a very good interview for a job with an advertisement company. 2．It's reported that trained (train) dogs have been used to hunt for criminals. 3．Production (product) is going up because we have introduced new techniques. 4．After climbing for a whole night, we finally arrived at the peak of Mount Tai, exhausted (exhaust)． 5．He was_shot_in_the_back (被射中了背部) while trying to escape. 6．I enjoyed the fresh air and appreciated_the_beautiful_scenery (欣赏美丽的风景) when living in the mountain.
Ⅱ.重难点多练 1．distance 面面观 根据汉语提示完成片段 He lived ①within_walking_distance (在步行可及的地方) of the girl. He loved her but the girl's father didn't approve. The father forced the girl to
②keep_him_at_a_distance/keep_her_distance_from_him (疏远他). So whenever she walked past his gate, he could only watch her ③at/from_a_distance (从远处). Even worse, she ④was_distant_towards_him ( 对 他 冷 淡 ) deliberately according to her father's instructions. 2．abandoned 点点练 单句语法填空 ①They transformed an abandoned (abandon) factory into a lab, in which they carry on their research. ②You should not abandon yourself to eating and drinking. ③When you have an opportunity to make a difference, do so with abandon. 3．frighten 全方位 (1)单句语法填空 ①The man frightened the old lady into signing the paper last week. ②It is frightening (frighten) even to think of the horrors of nuclear war. ③They frightened the bird away/off by rising to their feet suddenly. (2)根据汉语提示完成片段 Mary was ④too_frightened_to_tell ( 太 害 怕 了 以 至 于 不 敢 告 诉 ) her family ⑤the_frightening_scene (可怕的那一幕) because it almost ⑥frightened_her_to_death (把 她吓死). Whenever she thought of it, she would ⑦tremble_with_fright (恐惧得发抖)． Ⅲ.阅读词汇专练 1．根据语境选出 shoot 的词性和词义 (A)v.射杀；开枪；发射 (C)v.(使)疾驰 (E)n.芽，嫩枝 ①He shot the bird with his gun and killed it.__A__ ②He shot past me and ran into the house.__C__ ③This scene is by no means easy to shoot.__D__ ④He shot the ball, making a 3?pointer in the final second.__B__
⑤The young shoots are now in full flush (初期强盛阶段) after a heavy shower. __E__ 2．根据语境选出 track 的词性和词义 ?A?n.轨道；跑道 ?C?n.痕迹；踪迹 ?B?n.小路；窄路 ?D?v.追踪；跟踪
①She has spent years trying to track down her parents.__D__ ②We climbed up a winding track towards a mountain refuge (避难所)．__B__ ③He's lost all track of her since they left school.__C__ ④To run a mile, you have to run four circuits of the track.__A__ 第二板块| 短语句型归纳集释 1. get on 上(车、船等)；进展，进行；相处；继续进行下去 [经典例句] How did you get on at the interview？(牛津 P854) 你面试的情况怎么样？ get into get out of get on/along (well) with get across get around get down to 上(车)；进入；陷入 下(车)；摆脱；逃避 进展(顺利)；与??相处(得好) 讲清楚；被??理解 四处走动；(消息等)传播 开始认真(做某事)(to 为介词)
①He isn't good at talking but he gets on/along well with other people. 他不善言辞，但是他与其他人相处得很好。 ②And I'm willing to help you (to)_get_out_of the situation. (2014·安徽高考满分 作文) 而且我愿意帮助你从这种情况中摆脱出来。 2．take off(飞机)起飞；开始成功/迅速流行；脱(衣服等)；匆匆离开；休假 [高考佳句] In Korea, you should take off your shoes when entering a house.(2012·安 徽高考任务型读写) 在韩国，当你要进入房间时，你应该脱掉鞋。 [一词多义] 写出下列句中 take off 的含义 ①Tim took off his clothes and jumped into the water.脱掉 ②It was at this point that her acting career really took off.开始成功 ③His mother was seriously ill, so he had to take a day off to look after her.休 假 ④The six boys got into the car and took off for the drugstore.匆匆离开
3．refer to 指的是；提到；涉及；参考；查阅 [教材原句] Some of the verbs can refer to more than one means of transport. 一些动词可以描述不止一种交通方式。 (1)refer ... to ... refer to ... as ... (2)reference n. in/with reference to 把??提交??处理 把??称作?? 提及；参考；查阅 关于
①Johnson referred to the discovery as a major breakthrough in medical science. 约翰逊称这次发现是医学领域的一个重大突破。 ②You'd better write down the phone number of that restaurant for future reference (refer)． 你最好记下那家饭店的电话号码，以备日后查阅。 [一言辨析] refer to, look up Don't always refer to the dictionary when coming across new words. Only if a word is very important can you look it up in your dictionary. 当遇到生词时不要总是查词典，只有当一个单词非常重要时，你才可以在词典中查一下。 4. And what_a_ride! 一次多么精彩的乘车旅行啊！ 本句是一个省略式的感叹句。其完整的形式是：And what a ride it was！感叹句一般由 what 和 how 引出，what 与名词连用构成感叹句，how 与形容词或副词连用构成感叹句。 What＋a/an＋adj.＋单数可数名词(＋主语＋谓语)! What＋adj.＋不可数名词或可数名词复数(＋主语＋谓语)! How＋adj./adv.(＋主语＋谓语)! How＋adj.＋a/an＋单数可数名词(＋主语＋谓语)! ①What a good suggestion you have put forward! ＝How_good_a_suggestion you have put forward! 你提出了一个多么好的建议啊！ ②What_lovely_wild_animals we saw during our tour in Australia! 在澳大利亚观光期间我们看到了多么可爱的野生动物啊！ 5．Would_you_mind_showing me your ticket？/Would_you_mind_if I saw your ticket? 请出示你的票好吗？ (1)Would/Do you mind＋[one (宾格)/one's]＋doing sth.? 表示请求允许或询问对方是否介意自己或别人做某事。 (2)Would you mind＋if 从句？(从句中要用一般过去时)
Do you mind＋if 从句？(从句中常用一般现在时) 表示询问对方是否介意某人做某事。
①Would you mind my/me smoking here? ＝Would you mind if_I_smoked here? ＝Do you mind if_I_smoke here? 我在这儿吸烟你不介意吧？ [名师指津] 回答 Would you mind ...？问句时，一定要特别注意前后文的一致性。 (1)表示“不介意”的答语通常有：No, of course not./Certainly not./Not at all./Go ahead./Do as you like./Not in the least.等。 (2)表示“介意”或“不同意”时则常用较委婉的方式加以拒绝。例如： I'm sorry but I do./Sorry, you'd better not./I'm afraid you can't./I'd rather you didn't./I'm sorry, but it's not allowed.等。 ②—Would you mind my/me opening the door? —Not at all. ——我打开门你介意吗？ ——不介意。 [短语句型集成训练] Ⅰ.基础点全练 1．单句语法填空 ①When I meet new words I don't know, I often refer to the dictionary. ②Who do you think is the best student in our class? ③The train is traveling at a speed of sixty miles an hour. ④As is known to all, IT is short for Information Technology. ⑤Your computer is out of date. It takes too long to surf the Internet. ⑥Would you mind me using (use) your computer tonight? ⑦His business began to take off when he was in his forties. 2．运用所学短语完成片段 The UK ①is_short_for (是??的简称) the United Kingdom. What do you think it is like? Last year, we had a long?distance journey to the UK. We ②got_on (上车) the train in Jinan and ③got_off (下车) in Beijing, where we would go to the UK by plane. After getting off the train, we ④got_into (上车) the car and headed for the airport. When the plane ⑤took_off (起飞), we were nervous but happy, because this was the first time we had taken the plane. In the air we talked to each other and were
⑥not_nervous_any_more (不再紧张). After a long time, we got to London. The journey in foreign countries I had been looking forward to began. Ⅱ.重难点多练 1．get 相关短语万花筒 介、副词填空 ①We waited at the station till twelve and finally got on the train. ②I found him a little difficult to get on with. ③It took me an hour to get across my intention to her. ④I've got into the habit of calling in on my grandparents on my way home from school. ⑤At the thought of listening to music, he got out of his car to buy some cassettes. 2．感叹句多棱镜 (1)选词填空：what, how ①What a strange plant！I've never seen it before. ②How good a song you have sung! ③How heavily it is raining! ④What great fun it is to sit down and have a good chat with your close friends! (2)句型转换 ⑤What a wonderful plan you've made! →How wonderful a plan you've made!
[课堂练基础] Ⅰ.单句语法填空 1．She was warned to keep her distance from Charles if she didn't want to get hurt. 2．The child was found abandoned (abandon) in a small wood but he was unhurt. 3．We must get across to the public the simple fact that drugs are dangerous. 4．Rowing (赛艇运动) is an endurance test that finishes at a speed of up to 10 metres a second. 5．Mrs. White showed her students some old maps borrowed (borrow) from the library. 6．Pub, short for public house, is a building in Britain where alcohol can be bought and drunk, and meals are often served. 7．They are trained (train) experts who can give sound advice on diets. 8．Although he didn't mention any names, everyone knew who he was referring to. 9．What a nice day it is to go for a spring outing!
10．Would you mind telling (tell) me what the climate is like in California? Ⅱ.单句改错 1．He shot the hare with his gun but missed it.shot 后加 at 2．Hearing a strange noise, the poor man, trembling and frightening, ran out of the dark cave.frightening→frightened 3． What fun it is to have a football match after school on Saturday afternoon！ What→How 4．The book referring to last time has been sold out.referring→referred 5．The police have spent an exhausted day searching the woods.exhausted→exhausting 6 ． From Jane's face, I could see she was terrified of abandoned by us.abandoned 前加 being 7．I can't hear the news clearly. Would you mind if I turn up the radio？turn→turned 8．He served in the army in his 1940's, when he was in his twenties.第一个 his→the Ⅲ.用本单元所学知识完成写作训练 (一)依据提示补全短文 Have you ever been to Mount Tai? ①If you haven't been there, 1
what_do_you_think_it_is_like (你认为它是什么样的)? Last Saturday morning, we 2 got_on (上) a bus and left for Mount Tai. ②When I thought of this journey, I felt excited but a little afraid. But with my father encouraging me, I was 3 not_nervous_any_more (不再紧张) and looking forward to the true start of the journey. ③About six hours later, we got to the foot of Mount Tai. ④We 4 got_off (下) the bus there and bought a map in case we might consult it. On the way to the top, we enjoyed the 5 beautiful_scenery (美丽的景色) of Mount Tai. 6 Though (but/therefore/though) I was very tired when we got to the top, I felt very glad. 7 What_a_great_journey (一 次多么棒的旅行啊)! (二)按要求将词汇句式升级 1．用本单元高级词汇替换加彩部分 (1)afraid→frightened (2)consult→refer_to (3)very tired→exhausted 2．按要求进行句式改写 (1)用省略句改写句①
If_not,_what_do_you_think_it_is_like? (2)用现在分词短语作状语改写句② Thinking_of_this_journey,_I_felt_excited_but_a_little_afraid. (3)用定语从句合并句③和句④ About six hours later, we got to the foot of Mount Tai where_we_got_off_the_bus_and_ bought_a_map_in_case_we_might_consult_it. [课下练高考] 练（一）第Ⅱ卷强化增分练——练规范 (限时：45 分钟) Ⅰ.语法填空 (2016·平顶山市第一次模拟)I was in the ninth year when I began to suffer depression. My parents noticed but felt that since I'd always been __1__ good child, this was temporary. __2__ (fortunate), it was not to be so. I didn't have friends. Hardly could I share my problems. Deep worry began to destroy my __3__ (confident). Finally I refused to attend classes, __4__ (shut) myself in my room for hours. The examination was approaching, but I simply didn't care. My parents and teachers were surprised at my bad performance. One morning, __5__ a particularly severe lecture from my father, I stood at the school gate, __6__ (depress). Then as the other students marched to their classrooms, our headmaster called me. The next forty?five minutes was one __7__ the most precious moments in my life. She said she __8__ (notice) a big change in me and wondered why. At first she took my hands in __9__ (she) and listened patiently as I mentioned my worries. Then she hugged me as I wept. Months of frustration and loneliness disappeared in her motherly hug. No one had tried to understand what the real problem was except the headmaster, __10__ helped me out simply by listening and hugging. 语篇解读：本文是一篇记叙文，讲述了作者小时候患抑郁症后得到了校长的关爱而走出阴影的故 事。 1．a child 是可数名词，且第一次在文章中出现，故用不定冠词修饰，表示“一个”好孩 子。 2．Unfortunately 不幸的是，情况并非如此。根据逗号的提示可知，此处应用所给词的副 词形式，修饰整个句子，作状语。再根据句意可知，应用 Unfortunately。 3．confidence my 是形容词性物主代词，修饰名词，作定语，故用 confidence。 4．shutting shut 和句子主语 I 构成逻辑上的主谓关系，故用现在分词作状语。
5．after 根据语境可知，此处应用连词 after，表示“在??之后”。 6．depressed 由句子的主语 I 和该空前的逗号可知，应用形容词 depressed 在句子中作状 语。 7．of 此处表示“最珍贵的时刻之一”，故用 of。 8．had noticed notice 的动作发生在 said 之前，表示过去的过去，故用过去完成时。 9．hers 介词后跟名词、代词或动名词作宾语，且由空格前的“my hands”可知，此处用名 词性物主代词 hers, 表示她的手。 10．who who 引导非限制性定语从句，在从句中作主语，修饰先行词 the headmaster。 Ⅱ.短文改错 (2016·山东青岛市二模)Manners are important to happy relations among people. No one liked a person with bad manners. Having good manners is seen by many people for a sign of cultural understanding and good taste. Polite words are one of the example. When meet people, saying “Hello！” or “How are you？” and so on means you are very polite, which will make that easy for you to communicate with others. However, other people will hate getting on with you and your life will become difficulty. Only saying polite words can you get on well with others. All in the all, it is polite words which will make your life become convenient. 答案：第二句：liked→likes 第三句：for→as 第四句：example→examples 第五句：meet→meeting; that→it 第六句：However→Otherwise; difficulty→difficult 第七句：Only 后加 by 第八句：去掉 the; which→that Ⅲ.书面表达 (2016·九江市高三二模)一家英语报社举行英语征文活动，主题是“我的高中生活”。请你 根据以下要点写一篇英语短文。 1．校园生活； 2．收获； 3．感谢。 注意：1.词数 100 左右； 2．可以适当增加细节，以使行文连贯； 3．开头语已为你写好，不计入总词数。 High school is a golden time in one's life with great fun and fond
memories.____________________________ _____________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ 参考范文： High school is a golden time in one's life with great fun and fond memories. In the school, my school friends and I work hard together.I'll never forget those days when we enjoyed ourselves in all kinds of activities, such as the sports meeting, Science Week and Art Festival. Meanwhile, we have developed our abilities and harvested valuable friendships. More importantly, I am lucky to have met many lovely teachers, who teach me not only how to study，but also how to be a good person in society. As a student of Senior 3, it won't take long before I graduate.I'd like to express my gratitude to my teachers and parents, with whose help I've grown up, benefited a lot and made great progress in every way. 练（二）阅读理解组合练——练短板 (限时：15 分钟) Ⅰ.阅读理解 (2016·山东滕州一中高三月考)2015 is a great time for more creative China tours to be made. Shanghai Disney opens more high?speed rail options. Insisting on high?quality services, we are proud to present our ever best?selling China tour packages, tour themes and the next popular destinations. Check out the optional activities and information making our Smart Travelers' trips outstanding. China highlights most popular private tour. Our private guide, driver and car are available all times. You take the trip, we take the stress. Day 1－2 In Beijing Take a break on your arrival. Enjoy local people's morning exercise at the Temple of Heaven before visiting the Great Wall, and then have a lifetime experience of visiting the Mutianyu section of the Great Wall on Day 2. Day 3－4 In Xi'an Still in Beijing in the daytime of Day 3. Visit the Forbidden City and the Tian'anmen Square to feel royal life in ancient China. After that pay a visit to hutongs which give full flavor of authentic experience. Catch a flight at night to Xi'an. Private guide and driver escort (护送) you to visit the highlights of Xi'an on Day 4. Day 5－7 In Guilin/Yangshuo
Continue to see Xi'an and have more interacts with the local. Visiting a family in Xi'an and learning how to make different shapes of dumplings give you an unforgettable time. Take a plane at night and arrive at Guilin on Day 5. Get on board to enjoy essence of Guilin, the Li River cruise to Yangshuo. Cycle to villages and meet friendly local people and learn more about Chinese agriculture. Day 8－10 In Shanghai Private transfer from Yangshuo to Guilin airport. Shanghai guide and driver are waiting for you with smiling faces. Highlights of the city on Day 9 show you the future of China as the end of the trip. You have free time on the last day before taking an international flight. Just let us know your travel style! We will then adapt this tour and create a unique quote (报价) based on your individual needs. For more information, please click here: http：//www.chinahighlights.com/tour/. 语篇解读：本文为应用文。是一则针对外国人的中国十日游旅游广告。 1．If a tourist is interested in Chinese food, which place will impress him/her most? A．Beijing. C．Shanghai. B．Xi'an. D．Guilin.
解析：选 B 细节理解题。在这则旅游广告中，只有 Day 5－7 的安排涉及拜访西安的一个家 庭并学习制作各种形状的中国传统美食——饺子，故选 B。 2．What's the author's intention to write the passage? A．To advertise some beautiful places in China. B．To introduce some wonderful local food for tourists. C．To show tourists some interesting activities in China. D．To introduce a best?selling China tour package to foreign tourists. 解析：选 D 写作目的题。本篇文章是针对外国游客的一则中国十日游旅游广告，因此作者 的写作目的是向外国游客推荐一个最畅销的中国旅游礼包。 3．Where can you find this passage? A．On the Internet. B．In a poster.
C．In the newspaper. D．On TV. 解析：选 A 文章出处题。根据文末的网址可以推知该文来自互联网。 Ⅱ.阅读七选五 How Can I Fight Laziness? Lazy people will never amount to anything in life. However, laziness can be defeated once a few changes have been made in your mind.
__1__ Many people lack sleep constantly, since they stay up too late and get up too early to prepare for work. These people have little motivation once they arrive home. Laziness works hand in hand with a lack of motivation and a tendency to put off things. By adjusting your sleep schedule to provide a few more hours of meaningful rest, you can fight laziness throughout the day. Another way to fight laziness is to change your mind from passive to active. Some people treat their lives as if they were pushed from task to task. Others take a more proactive approach, viewing each task as a challenge they must overcome alone. __2__ Some people fight laziness by removing the temptations (诱惑) that surround them. A television in the living room may provide entertainment, but watching too much TV often contributes to laziness. __3__ Complete a few tasks and reward yourself with what you enjoy, such as a good dinner or a film. Laziness can also be a lasting problem at home. Couples and children may all have different energy levels, but laziness can be spread if not dealt with immediately. __4__ Be the first to collect and wash dishes after a meal. Others in the home may eventually follow your example and perform their own task. It is difficult to practice laziness when you are surrounded by motivated people. __5__ Enough exercise and a balanced diet can help you to develop a healthy lifestyle, thus enabling you to have more energy and help lift your spirits. A．One way to fight laziness is to get enough sleep. B．Knowing how to fight laziness is important. C．Finally, taking exercise regularly can help you fight laziness. D．To fight family laziness, set an example. E．With strong determination, you will be able to achieve your goal. F．Create a reward system for yourself, just as parents do for a child. G．Laziness sets in when you no longer feel in charge of your own life. 答案：1～5 AGFDC Module 4 A Social Survey — My Neighbourhood
Ⅰ.单词—在语境中默写，在联想中积累 [写得准] 1.pretty adv. 相当 很； [用得活] 用所给词的适当形式填 空 [积得多] 1.程度副词步步深入 ①slightly
2.sound vi. 听起来 3.bother vt. 打扰； 烦扰； 麻烦 4.approach vt. 接近 5.exchange vt. 交换 6.afford vt. 买得起；有 能力支付 7.contact vt. 系(某人) 8.professional adj. 业的 9.manual adj. 手的 10.attractive adj.有吸引 力的；吸引人的→attract 用手的； 专 联络；联
1.The Great Wall is an attraction,_whose scenery is very it
轻微地 ②fairly 相当 ③quite 很；相当 ④pretty 很；相当 ⑤rather 相当； 非常 ⑥very 非常 2.感官系动词全接触 ①sound 听起来 ②look 看起来 ③smell 闻起来 ④taste 尝起来 ⑤feel 摸上去 3.后缀?ive 形容词大 观园 ①attractive 人的 ②impressive 象深刻的 ③creative 的 ④constructive 设性的 ⑤expensive 昂贵的 4. 后缀?al 高频词汇 总 ①professional adj. 专业的 ②occupational adj. 职业的 ③personal adj. 人的 ④national adj. 家的；民族的 ⑤survival n. 幸
attracts a large number of tourists every
day.(attractive) 2.It was fortunate of them to make a fortune by trading with
foreigners. And more fortunately for them, they were supported by the government.(fortunate ) 3.It is surprising that there are still many people in the world starving to death each year; that is, many people die of
vt.吸引→attraction n． 吸
引；名胜 11.fortunate adj.幸运的； 吉祥的→fortunately adv. 幸运地；吉祥地→fortune
12.tourist n．旅游者；观 光客→tour vt.& n．旅游； 观光→tourism n．旅游业 13.starve
starvation.(starve) 4.There was such great unemployment city that in the some
→starvation n．饿死；挨 饿 14.unemployed adj. 失 业 的 ； 没 有 工 作 的 →unemployment n ． 失 业 →employment n ． 就 业 →employ →employer
employers are required to employ more
employees.(unemployed ) 5.Only two passengers survived the air crash. When the two survivors were interviewed, they
n ． 雇 主
15.survive vi.死里逃生； 大难不死→survival n．幸 存， 幸存者→survivor n． 幸 存者
said their survival was a wonder.(survive) 6.Tourism is a main industry of this area. Every year millions of tourists come here to enjoy a wonderful
Ⅱ.短语—在应用中记牢，在归纳中记多 [写得准] [用得活] 选用左栏短语填空 1.put_up 修建 1.At last I paid_back all the money I borrowed from him. 2.A large building will be put_up where there was a square. 3.It's nice to [积得多] 1.“v. ＋ it” 短 语 大全 ① make it 成，成功 ②get it 明白；理 解 ③go it 赶快做 ④watch it 注意 2.“许多；大量”短 语集锦 ①plenty of ②a great many ③ a deal of ④a lot of/lots of ⑤a large quantity of great/good 做
2.pay_back 归还；偿还 3.so_far/up_to_now/till_ now 到目前为止 4.get_away_from 摆脱 5.a_great_many/a_number_ of 许多；大量
6.as_a_result 结果 7.make_it 做成，成功 8.go_up 上升 9.at_weekends 在周末
get_away_from the noisy city and come to the natural beauty of the countryside. 4.Failure doesn't mean you will never
10.get_rid_of 摆脱 11.in_the_south_of 在??的南部
make_it;_it does mean it will take a little longer time. Ⅲ.句式—在解读中学懂，在仿写中学通
[背原句] 1.It's been six years since we last saw each other, you know. 你知道，自从我们上次见面到现 在已经有六年了。
[记句式] It is/has been ＋ 一 段 时 间 ＋
[会仿用] 我们从一中毕业已经十 年了。 It_is/has_been_ten_ye ars_since we graduated from the No. 1 High
since ...表示“自 从 ?? 已 经 多 久 了”。
School. this is the first 2.And this is the first time I've visited your hometown. 这是我第一次参观你的家乡。 time (that) ...意 为“第一次做某 事”，从句要用现 在完成时。 What's ... like? 用于询问“??的 状况”。 这是我第一次玩得这么 开心。 This is the first time I_have_enjoyed_myself _so_much. 宇宙飞船是什么样子 的？ What's_a_spaceship_li ke？
3.What's the climate like？ 气候怎么样？
4.Cities are interesting, and they can be beautiful, but they are never beautiful in the way that the countryside is beautiful. 城市很有趣，也会很美丽，但它 们 的美永远 不会是 乡村的 那种 美。 the way that ... 其中 that 引导定语 从句修饰 the way。 最令我惊奇的是她对她 父亲说话的方式。 What surprised me most was the_way_that_she_spok e_to_her_father.
第一板块| 核心单词归纳集释 1. bother vi.& vt.打扰；烦扰；麻烦；花费时间、精力(做某事) n．麻烦，不便 [经典例句] Would it bother you if I put on some music？(朗文 P262) 我放点音乐你介意吗？ (1) bother to do/doing sth. bother sb. with/about sth. bother about/with sth./sb. It bothers sb.that ... (2)put sb. to bother 费心做某事 为某事打扰或麻烦某人 为某事而烦恼/为某人而费心 使某人苦恼的是?? 给某人添乱
①You don't bother getting/to_get (get) dinner for me today. I'll eat out. 今天不要麻烦为我预备饭了，我要在外边吃。 ②One should not be bothered about/with one's personal gains or losses. 一个人不应当为个人得失而烦恼。 ③I don't want to put_him_to_any_bother,_so I try doing it by myself.
我不想给他添乱，所以，我试着靠自己做这件事。 [名师指津] bother 常用于交际用语，例如： Don't bother.别费事了/不用麻烦了。 Sorry to bother you.很抱歉打扰你。 2．approach vt.接近，靠近；找(某人)商量；着手处理 n.接近；通路；方法；步骤 [教材原句] Now we're leaving the business district and approaching the harbour. 现在我们正离开商业区接近码头。 (1)approach sb. on/about (doing) sth. (2)at the approach of make approaches to sb. an approach to (doing) sth. 与某人商量(做)某事
在快到??的时候 设法接近某人 做某事的方法
①I approached him about/on filling the manager's job. 我找他商量，问他是否有意当经理。 ②The job market has changed and our approach to finding (find) work must change as well. 就业市场变了，我们找工作的途径也要改变。 [熟词生义] 读句子猜含义 ③Before trying to solve the puzzle, let us consider the best way to approach it. 着手处理 3．exchange vt.& n．交换；兑换 [高考佳句] Meanwhile, they exchange ideas and feelings with each other, through which they probably acquire more knowledge.(2015·重庆高考写作) 同时，他们互相交流观点和情感，通过此种方式他们很可能会获得更多的知识。 (1)exchange sth. with sb. exchange A for B (2)in exchange (for ...) exchange students 与某人交换某物 以A换B 交换，互换 交换生
①Literary books not only enrich our life, but also provide us a chance to exchange_ideas_with people of all times.(2014·浙江高考满分作文) 文学类图书不仅丰富我们的生活， 而且给我们提供了一个与各个时代的人们交流思想的机会。 ②I've offered to paint the kitchen in_exchange_for a week's accommodation. 我提出粉刷厨房以交换一周的免费食宿。 ③You may exchange it for a brown one if your husband doesn't like the color. 如果你丈夫不喜欢这种颜色，你可以换一件棕色的。
4．afford vt.买得起，负担得起；(有时间)做；承担得起(后果)；提供，给予 [教材原句] The price of homes goes up and people from the area cannot afford to buy a house there. 房子的价格涨了上去，本地区的人在那儿都买不起房子了。 (1)afford to do sth. 负担得起做某事(的费用)
afford sb. sth. ＝ afford sth. to sb. 给予某人某物；提供给某人某物 (2)affordable adj. affordably adv. 能承担得起的 付得起地
①Television and the Internet afford many people much pleasure. ＝Television and the Internet afford_much_pleasure_to many people. 电视和网络给许多人带来很大的乐趣。 ②Those poor and needy teenagers were excited to find a shop at the corner where they could buy affordably (afford) priced bikes.(2013·福建高考单选) 那些贫穷的青少年兴奋地发现在拐角处有一家商店， 在那里他们可以买到价格实惠的自行车。 [名师指津] afford 意为“买得起，负担得起”时，常与 can, could, be able to 连用， 后接名词、代词或不定式。 5．survive vi.死里逃生；大难不死 vt.在??之后仍然生存，从??中逃生 [教材原句] All these things mean that many villages in western Europe are fighting to survive. 所有这些都意味着西欧的村民们为了生存在艰难地奋斗着。 (1)survive sb. survive sth. survive on sth. (2)survival n. survivor n. 比某人活的时间长/寿命长 (经历意外、战争、疾病等后)幸存，活下来 靠某物继续维持生活 幸存；残留下来的人(物) 幸存者
①Having_survived (survive) that night, we were confident that everything else would be all right. 那天晚上有惊无险，于是我们相信其他方面也会没问题的。 ②Survivors (survive) of the accident were rushed to the nearest hospital in no time. 事故的幸存者立即被送往了最近的医院。 [名师指津] survive 表示“从地震、火灾、事故中幸存下来”时，为及物动词，其后不加 介词 from。 [单词集成训练]
Ⅰ.基础点全练(单句语法填空/完成句子) 1．Have you kept in contact with your classmates after graduation? 2．We need to make the club attractive (attract) to a wider range of people. 3．The young man can't afford to_buy (buy) a new house in the big city. 4．The government is hoping to open up new areas of industry to provide employment (employ)． 5．Almost 50% of those surveyed (survey) said that they supported the President's decision. 6．Goodbye! I'm very sorry to_have_bothered (bother) you with so many questions on such an occasion. 7．Because of the drought, thousands of people died_of_starvation (死于饥饿) each year in the past. 8． I was_fortunate_to_catch_today's_last_bus (很幸运赶上了今天的最后一班公交车) to the county at the last minute. Ⅱ.重难点多练 1．approach 面面观 (1)单句语法填空 ①Do you know the best approach to the study of a foreign language? ②At the approach of the rain and the wind the swallows are very busy. ③Our vacation approaching (approach), we still can't decide where to go. (2)写出下面句中 approach 的含义 He ④approached me slowly so as to ⑤approach me about the best ⑥approach to learning foreign languages. 答案：④接近；靠近 ⑤与某人商量 ⑥方法 2．exchange 万花筒 介词填空 ①At the end of the game, players traditionally exchange shirts with each other. ②I am going to travel abroad, so I go to exchange some RMB for dollars in the bank. ③He's giving her French lessons in exchange for her teaching him English. 3．survive 多棱镜 (1)用 survive 的适当形式填空 Only five children ①survived the school bus accident. They were taken to a hospital, where the doctors said one of the ②survivors only had a 40% chance of ③survival because
of his serious injury. (2)完成句子 ④他是唯一从飞机坠毁事故中幸存下来的人，他真是太幸运了。 He was the only one to_survive_the_plane_crash. He was so lucky. ⑤这家人正靠很少的钱艰难度日。 The family are struggling to_survive_on_very_little_money. Ⅲ.阅读词汇专练 1．根据语境选出 pretty 的词性和词义 ?A?adv.很，相当 ?B?adj.漂亮的，可爱的 ?C?adj.悦目的；悦耳的
①She is living with her stepmother, and they are getting on pretty well.__A__ ②She looks much prettier with her hair cut short.__B__ ③People just want a pretty tune and a pretty dance.__C__ 2．根据语境选出 sound 的词性和词义 (A)vi.听起来 (D)adj.健全的 (B)v.响；弄响 (C)n.声音；响声
①A young man sounds the bell to start the Sunday service.__B__ ②It sounds like a great place for a relaxing holiday.__A__ ③I heard a strange sound coming from the next room.__C__ ④He was very tired and therefore he fell sound asleep.__E__ ⑤I hope the children will have sound mind and body.__D__ 第二板块| 短语句型归纳集释 1. put up 修建；举起；架起；张贴；(为??)提供膳宿；提高(价钱)
[教材原句] They've put up a lot of high?rise buildings recently. 最近他们修建了很多摩天大厦。 [一词多义] 写出下列句中 put up 的含义 ①The exam results will be put up on Friday afternoon.张贴 ②Those who know the answer to the question, please put up your hands.举起 ③The government has promised that taxes will not be put up again this year.提高 ④They agreed to put two foreign students up over the summer.为??提供膳宿 put away put forward put down 储存(钱)；把??收拾起来 提出(意见、建议) 记下；写下
put ... in/into put on put off put out put up with
把??放进?? 穿上；戴上；上演 推迟，拖延 扑灭(火)；放出，摆出；生产；出版 忍受；忍耐；受苦
⑤When I put_it_on,_I could feel the warmth from my mother.(2014·重庆高考满分作 文) 当我穿上它时，我能感受到来自母亲的温暖。 2．get away from 离开；逃脱；摆脱
[ 教材原句 ]
I love cities, but there are times when I need to get out into the
countryside and get away from the noise, the dirt and the people. 我热爱城市，但是有时我需要走出城市，走进乡村，远离喧嚣、肮脏和人群。 get away get away with sth. get over get through 走开，逃离；外出度假 做(错事)而未被发觉/未受惩罚 克服；从(病或损失等)中恢复过来 通过；完成；接通(电话)
①I don't know how they manage to get_away_with paying such low wages. 我不知道他们支付这么低的工资是怎样逃避处罚的。 ②This proves that as long as we have a strong will, we'll be able to get_over_any_difficulty.(2014·山东高考满分作文) 这证明只要我们意志坚强，就能够克服任何困难。 ③Luckily, he got_through_the_exam and his efforts paid off. 幸运的是，他通过了考试，他的努力有了好结果。 3．a great many 许多；大量 [经典例句] Most of the young men went off to the war, and a great many never came back.(朗文 P1536) 大多数年轻人去参加战争，其中有很多人再也没回来。 修饰可数名词复数的“许多”：many， a good many， a great/large number of， large numbers of， scores of， dozens of 等。
①He had included a_large_number_of funny stories in the speech. 他在讲话时加进了许多逗人发笑的故事。
②Jerry has been a teacher for scores_of years. 杰瑞当教师已有几十年了。 4．It's_been_six_years_since we last saw each other, you know. 你知道，自从我们上次见面到现在已经有六年了。
(1)此结构为“It be＋时间段＋since ...”句型，意为“自从??已有多长时间了”。主句 中若 be 为 is/has been, since 从句用一般过去时；若 be 为 was，则从句用过去完成时。 ①He said it was ten years since he had_come (come) here. 他说他来这里已经十年了。 ②It is already three years since he worked (work) in this company, and now he still can't find a job. 自从他离开这家公司已有三年了，到现在还没有找到一份工作。 [名师指津] since 引导的从句中的动词常用非延续性动词，表示“自从??多久了”；若 since 引导的从句中的动词为延续性动词，则表示“自从该动作结束以来已有多久了”。 (1)“It＋be＋一段时间＋before 从句(若 before 从句时态为一般现在时， be 为一般将来时； 若 before 从句时态为一般过去时，be 为一般过去时)”表示“多久之后才??”。 (2)“It＋be＋时间点＋when 从句(时间状语从句)”表示“做某事是在某时”。 (3)“It＋be＋介词＋时间点/段＋that ...”是强调句型。 ③It will be another week before we meet (meet) again. 再过一周我们才能见面。 ④It was 11 o'clock when he came back last night. 他是昨晚十一点回来的。 ⑤It was at 11 o'clock that he came back last night. 他昨晚回来的时候是十一点。 [短语句型集成训练] Ⅰ.基础点全练 1．单句语法填空 ①Sorry, I won't be able to get away from the office before 7. ②It seems that a number of people are out of work because of the economic crisis. ③This is the third time that she has_failed (fail) the driving test. ④I'll pay back the money you lent me last week. ⑤With the cost of living going up,_they find it difficult to make ends meet. ⑥I don't like the way that he speaks to me. ⑦Although he liked acting, he never really made it as an actor.
⑧I sent an application to the company but have received no reply from it so far. 2．运用所学短语完成片段 Many tall buildings have been ①put_up ( 修 建 ) in our hometown
②so_far/up_to_now/till_now ( 到目前为止). ③A_great_many/a_number_of ( 许多 ) people have moved to their new houses. It is clear that the living standard of people is ④going_up (上升). But with the development of industry, the pollution is getting more and more serious. Should we ⑤get_away_from (离开) home to breathe fresh air? Ⅱ.重难点多练 1．put 相关短语点点练 介、副词填空 ①Don't put off until tomorrow what can be done today. ②A notice was put up in order to remind students of the changed lecture time. ③He put forward a very good suggestion at the meeting. ④I don't know how you put up with their constant quarrelling. ⑤To make space in the bedroom, she put away her winter clothes and took them to the storeroom. ⑥Mary is really good at taking notes in class. She can put down almost every word her teacher says. 2．“It be＋时间段＋since ...”句型全扫描 单句语法填空 ①It has been three years since I published (publish) my first book. ②It will be some time before we know (know) the full results. ③Tom said it was five years since he had_moved (move) to Canada. ④It was already midnight when I returned home from my office last night. ⑤It is usually at 5：30 that the class is over and the students begin to have sports.
[课堂练基础] Ⅰ.单句语法填空 1．His method presents a new approach to foreign language learning. 2．The manager says he really can't afford to_wait (wait) another day, because he is very busy. 3．I'm sorry to_bother (bother) you, but can you direct me to the railway station? 4．No matter how he tried, he couldn't get away from his worries.
5．This is the first time that we have_seen (see) a film in the newly?built cinema together. 6．Do you know how long it is since we last went to the cinema? 7．Of the six people in the plane that crashed only one survived (survive). 8．Seeing the balloon going up higher and higher, the children shouted excitedly. 9．TV shopping is attractive (attract) because you can buy things easily without going out. 10．He was unemployed (employ) for two months after leaving that factory. Ⅱ.单句改错 1．He decorated the classroom with the number of balloons to make it beautiful._the→a 2.Those who survived from the earthquake gathered together in memory of their lost friends.去掉 from 3．It was the third time that she has been awarded the first prize.has→had 4．They are said to have developed a new approach of teaching, which is said to improve classroom teaching greatly.of→to 5．So far this year I published more than twelve articles and I will try to write more.published 前加 have 6．The bus goes in ten minutes; you must hurry or you won't make one.one→it 7 ． Fortunate, the fire was discovered soon after it had
started.Fortunate→Fortunately 8．He has borrowed some money from me. I hope he can pay me off next week. off→back Ⅲ.用本单元所学知识完成写作训练 (一)依据提示补全短文 Great changes have taken place in our country since the reform and opening. A lot of new houses have been 1 put_up (修建) and people's living standard has been 2 going_up (上升) all the time. But quite a few people are out of work in my neighbourhood. ①Luckily, with the help of some social organizations, some of them have found work again 3
so_far/up_to_now/till_now (迄今为止). ②They are happy to be on work and 4 get_away_from ( 摆 脱 ) difficulties. It sounds quite encouraging. They hope to 5
afford_to_buy_their_own_houses (买得起他们自己的房子) and live a happy life like other people. They believe that 6 as_long_as (even if/as long as/because) they work hard, they
can succeed. (二)按要求将词汇句式升级 1．用本单元高级词汇替换加彩部分 (1)A lot of→A_number_of/A_great_many (2)out of work→unemployed (3)Luckily→Fortunately (4)succeed→make_it 2．按要求进行句式改写 (1)用 with 复合结构改写句① Luckily,_with_some_social_organizations_helping_them,_some_of_them_have_found_wo rk_again_so_far/up_to_now/till_now. (2)用感叹句改写句② How_happy_they_are_to_be_on_work_and_get_away_from_difficulties! [课下练高考] 阅读理解提速练——练速度 (限时：20 分钟) A Melbourne, Australia Melbourne is a hotspot travel destination, and it's easy to see its beautiful beaches and busy city life. Why it's a great choice: Australia as a whole is considered a safe destination for international travel, and because of that, many solo travelers go there. As an English?speaking country, you won't be faced with any language barriers. Melbourne is easy to get around because you can walk or bike practically anywhere! Thailand Thailand is great for solo travelers — perhaps because it is one of the Buddhist mindsets, which promote equality among the sexes. Why it's a great choice：Thailand is known for its friendly atmosphere, and as a travel hotspot, there are plenty of chances to meet other like?minded travelers. Well known for being very cheap, especially in the north. A good choice if you want to get away on a budget. Thailand has a lot to offer, from the party?central Bangkok to beautiful beaches and tropical (热带的) jungle. Hong Kong, China Hong Kong is a great place to relax for solo travelers as it is full of “Zen Moments”，
such as beautiful gardens and Tai Chi classes. Why it's a great choice：Hong Kong is regarded as one of the safest cities in the world. If you're not well?traveled, or perhaps a bit tired of things like language barriers, Hong Kong is a great place to start, as it mixes both Eastern and Western at the same time. Bali, Indonesia Bali is a spiritual place with yoga, spas, healthy food and beaches. The combination of friendly people and splendid visual culture has made Bali number one tourist attraction. Why it's so great: you won't be the only solo traveler in Bali. Everyone is known for being extremely friendly and you're sure to meet some amazing characters along the way. As a Hindu island, Bali is the perfect place for a relaxing and spiritual retreat (静修). The Sacred Monkey Forest in Ubud is fantastic — if you like monkeys, anyway. 语篇解读：本文是一篇说明文。主要介绍了澳大利亚的墨尔本、泰国、中国的香港和印度尼西亚 的巴厘岛这四个适合独自旅行的旅游胜地，以及它们值得一去的原因。 1．What do the four places have in common according to the text? A．They're cheap to travel around. B．They're great for solo travelers. C．They offer good spas and yoga. D．There're no language barriers. 解析： 选 B 细节理解题。 通读全文可知， 每个景点的介绍中都提及了 solo traveler(s), 因 此选 B。 2．Where can you enjoy both convenient transport and beautiful beaches? A．Melbourne, Australia. B．Thailand. C．Hong Kong, China. D．Bali, Indonesia. 解析：选 A 细节理解题。根据 Melbourne, Australia 部分第一段的“its beautiful
beaches and busy city life”以及第二段中的“Melbourne is easy to get around because you can walk or bike practically anywhere！”可知，在澳大利亚的墨尔本你可以享受到便利的交 通和美丽的沙滩。 3．What has made Bali No. 1 tourist attraction? A．Yoga, spas, healthy food and beaches. B．Friendly people and splendid visual culture.
C．Meeting some amazing characters along the way. D．Fantastic monkeys in the Sacred Monkey Forest. 解析：选 B 细节理解题。根据 Bali, Indonesia 部分第一段的第二句可知，友好的人们与 精彩的视觉文化融合使巴厘岛成为第一观光胜地。 4．What type of writing is this text? A．A travel journal. B．A business report. C．A travel guide. D．A press advertisement. 解析：选 C 推理判断题。文章主要介绍了四个热点旅游胜地以及它们的特色、优势，因此 应选 C “旅游指南”。 B (2016·辽宁省实验中学分校阶段性测试)When should people be made to retire? 55? 65? Should there be a compulsory age limit? Many old people work well into their 70s and 80s, running families, countries or corporations. Other people, however, despite being fit and highly talented, are forced to retire in their fifties or even earlier because of the regulations of a company or the nation. This essay will examine whether people should be allowed to continue working as long as they want or whether they should be encouraged to retire at a particular stage. Some people think there are several arguments for allowing older people to continue working as long as they are able. First of all, older employees have a large amount of knowledge and experience which can be lost to a business or organization if they are made to retire. A second point is that older employees are often extremely loyal employees and are more willing to carry out company policies than younger less committed staff. However, a more important point is regarding the attitudes in society to old people. To force someone to resign or retire at 60 indicates that the society does not value the input of these people and that their useful life is over. Age is irrelevant to a working life, surely if older employees are told they cannot work after 60, this is age discrimination. That they become old does not necessarily mean they are going to be sick. Old people could be more aware, experienced and committed than some youngsters. Others, however, think that allowing older people to work indefinitely is not a good policy. Age alone is no guarantee of ability. Old people are only ambitious workaholics who are too selfish and self?centered to believe that a younger person could do better. Actually, many younger employees have more experience or skills than older staff, who
may have been stuck in one area or unit for most of their working lives. Having compulsory retirement allows new ideas in an organization. In addition, without age limits, however, many people would continue to work purely because they did not have any other plans or roles. A third point of view is that older people should be rewarded by society for their life's labor by being given generous pensions and the freedom to enjoy their leisure. We now have youngsters who can't find jobs because old people are choosing not to retire. Old people are not retiring because this new generation of “old people” think they will never die due to modern advances in medicine. With many young people unemployed or frustrated in low?level positions, there are often calls to compulsorily retire older workers. However, this can affect the older individual's freedom and right to work and can deprive ( 剥夺 ) society of valuable experience and insights. I feel that giving workers more flexibility and choice over their retirement age will benefit society and the individual. 语篇解读：本文为议论文，主要介绍了人们对于国家是否有必要限制退休年龄的看法。 5．What is the purpose of this passage? A．To explain the compulsory age limit. B．To discuss the retirement age. C．To examine people's working life. D．To introduce a particular stage. 解析：选 B 主旨大意题。根据第一段及第二段的最后一句可知本文主要讨论的是退休的年 龄问题。 6．Which of the following is NOT a reason for allowing old people to continue working according to the passage? A．Their contributions should be valued. B．Their experience should be made use of. C．They can help the youngsters. D．They are loyal employees. 解析：选 C 细节理解题。根据第三段的第五句可知 A 项正确；根据第三段的第二句可知 B 项正确；根据第三段的第三句可知 D 项正确，故应选 C。 7．It can be inferred in the fourth paragraph that ________. A．the young people have more creative spirits B．modern advances in medicine make old people never die C．pensions and freedom are not given to the old now D．old people believe that a younger person could do better
解析：选 A 细节理解题。根据第四段的最后一句可知 B 项不正确； 根据第四段的倒数第三 句可知 C 项不正确；根据第四段的第三句可知 D 项不正确；根据第四段的第五句可知 A 项正确。 8．The passage is arranged as follows：________.
解析：选 A 篇章结构题。通读全文可知本文为“总分总”结构。第一、二段主要是提出话 题，第三、四段从正、反两方面介绍了人们对退休年龄的看法，最后一段对全文进行总结，故 A 项正确。 C Dear Mr. Wolfson， The purpose of this letter is to inform you of one of our citizens who I believe should receive some special recognition for dedicated (敬业的) community service. The person I recommend is Elizabeth Samuelson. I believe you know her in your position as volunteer coordinator (协调员)． I have known Elizabeth for more than 20 years as both a friend and a neighbor. During that time I have seen her work tirelessly on scores of community projects and committees. As far as I know, she has never received any kind of recognition from the community for her work. I believe she should be given some sort of special recognition. Just last year alone, she worked on at least six different community projects including the Park Renewal Project and the Heritage Homes Fund?Raising Banquet. In addition, she is a weekly driver for the Meals?on?Wheels program and she visits patients in the care unit on a regular basis. Whenever a project or committee needs her, she will put herself into the work wholeheartedly. I'm sure that if you check with a few of your staff members who have been there over the years, they will confirm Elizabeth's community service record and probably be able to add many examples to the few I have given here. By the way, Elizabeth has no idea that I am writing this. She is a humble (谦虚的) person, and if she were aware of it, she would not allow me to send it. I thought about writing such a letter about her a number of times in the past but just never took action. Then last week, I noticed in the paper that you sponsor (主办)
an annual dinner at which dozens of awards are given out to people with much less community service than Elizabeth. In fact, I checked with her and she has never even been invited to that annual event! I urge you to correct that omission (疏忽) now and take action to see that Elizabeth is properly recognized for her many years of silent but outstanding service to this community. Sincerely， Linda Sullivan 语篇解读：本文是一篇应用文。作者写信向 Wolfson 先生推荐一位多年来默默无闻为社区工作做 出杰出贡献的人。
9．Linda is Elizabeth's ________. A．friend and colleague C．neighbor and worker B．neighbor and leader D．friend and neighbor
解析：选 D 细节理解题。根据第二段第一句可知，作者认识 Elizabeth 20 多年了，她们既 是邻居又是朋友。故选 D。 10．From the letter we know that Linda ________ Elizabeth much. A．depends on C．ignores B．looks down upon D．respects
解析：选 D 细节推断题。作者在这封信里称赞了 Elizabeth 为社区工作不求名利、默默奉 献并且很谦虚，希望 Wolfson 先生认可并表彰 Elizabeth；由此可推知，她很尊敬 Elizabeth。故 选 D。 11．According to the letter, Elizabeth ________. A．wants to be asked to take part in the annual event B．contributes much to the community C．has been invited to the annual dinner D．has been given a lot of honors 解析：选 B 细节理解题。通过作者的介绍可知，Elizabeth 在社区兢兢业业工作了 20 多年， 为社区工作做出了贡献，但她却从未受到过表彰，也未被邀请参加社区年会。故选 B。 12．What can we learn about Mr.Wolfson from the letter? A．He knows Linda quite well. B．He is a careless person. C．He tries something to reward those who have done much community service. D．He tries his best to find Elizabeth and do something to reward her.
解析： 选 C 细节推断题。 根据第四段第二句中的“Then last week ... given out to people” 可知，Wolfson 先生将举办年会奖励那些为社区工作做出贡献的人。故选 C。 Module 5 A Lesson in a Lab
Ⅰ.单词—在语境中默写，在联想中积累 [写得准] 1.contract vi. 2.liquid n. 液体 3.ordinary adj. 平常的 4.float vi. 漂浮 5.expand 普通的； 收缩 [用得活] 用所给词的适当形式 填空 1.The city has been expanding rapidly, [积得多] 1.“ 扩 展 ” 动 词 全 接 触 ① 扩展；扩张 ②enlarge 扩大 ③spread 扩展；蔓延 ④prolong 延长 ⑤extend 延伸；延续 2.后缀?ment 名词小结 chemistry ①equipment 设备 ② astonishment 愕 ③ advertisement 告 ④ announcement 知；通告 ⑤ achievement 绩；成就 ⑥punishment 惩罚 ⑦ statement 声明 ⑧ treatment 治疗 3.?ture 结尾名词全扫 描 ①mixture ②furniture 混合物 家具
whose expansion has 膨 胀 brought damage to the natural surroundings.(expan d)
→expansion n．膨胀；扩大 6.mixture n ． 混 合 物 →mix
→electric adj. 电的；用电 的→electrical adj. 与电有 关的； 电气化的→electronic
teacher mixed some chemicals into the water and the mixture tasted very
n ． 结 论
terrible.(mix) 3.In my opinion, each of us should have an aim of our own. But some of us lead an aimless life every day.(aim) 4.The school has been rebuilt and it is well equipped. Much money has been spent on the office
→conclude vt.下结论 9.aim n ． 目 标 ； 目 的 →aimless adj.漫无目的的 10.react vi.( 化 学 ) 反 应 →reaction n．反应 11.equipment n．设备；装备 →equip vt.装备；配备 12.form vi. 形 成 →formal
13.balance n ． 天平 ；平 衡 →balanced adj.平衡的 14.lecture
n ． 演 讲
→lecturer n．演讲者 15.astonished adj.吃惊的； 惊 愕 的 →astonishing adj. 令 人 吃 惊 的 →astonish vt. 使吃惊→astonishment n．吃 惊
③ architecture 筑 ④departure 离开 ⑤ fixture 备
astonishment,_the famous star died.
That's to say, we were astonished at the news of her
sudden death, and it was really
Ⅱ.短语—在应用中记牢，在归纳中记多 [写得准] 1.put_..._in_order 把??按顺序排列； 使??有条理 2.at_the_top/bottom 在??的顶/底部 3.find_out 清 4.add_..._to_... 往??加入?? 5.keep_out_of 使不 发现；查 [用得活] 选用左栏短语填空 1.She'd been seeing the boy for a while, but didn't want her parents to find_out. 2.All the things in the room were out of order, but he quickly put them in_order. 3.Everyone is_supposed_to wear a seat belt in the car. 4.We must keep_out_of 过去(常 the war. Peace is what we desire. 5.He was_proud_of [积得多] 1. “位置”短语集锦 ① at the top/bottom
在??的顶/底部 ② at the foot of
在??脚下 ③in front of 在??前 面 ④on the left/right 在 左/右边 ⑤in the middle 在中间 2.order 相关短语大全 ① put ... in order
进入；避开(某事) 6.go_ahead 行；发生 7.used_to 常)?? 8.in_the_area_of 在??领域 9.be_proud_of 为??感到骄傲/自豪 10.be_supposed_to 应当；理应 请做；进
把??按顺序 排列 ②in order 按顺序 ③in good order 秩序井 然 ④in order of 按??顺 序 ⑤out of order 无序的
himself for not giving up. 6.The building of the new bridge will
go_ahead as planned.
11.keep_down 隐伏 12.react_with 学反应
Ⅲ.句式—在解读中学懂，在仿写中学通 [背原句] [记句式] [会仿用] 给贫困的孩子们捐书要 1.It is hard to think of a world without metals. 很难想象一个没有金属 的世界。 it 为形式主语，不定式短语 为真正的主语。 比空喊口号更有意义。 Instead of shouting empty slogans, it_is_more_meaningful _to_donate books to children in need.
2.Here is a table with the metals that react most at the top, and the metals that react least at the bottom. 下面是一个表格， 列于顶 部的金属反应最强烈， 底 部的则最弱。 3.The closer you are, the more you'll see. 你离得越近， 看到的就越 多。 你越细心， 犯的错误就会 “the＋比较级， the＋比 较级”结构，意为 “越??，就越??”。 越少。 The_more_careful you are, the_fewer_mistakes you'll make. here 引导句子置于句首 且主语是名词时， 句子要 倒装。 快，公交车来了。准备好 钱了吗？ Quick, here_comes_the_bus. Have you got the right money？
第一板块| 核心单词归纳集释 1．conclusion n．结论；结束 [ 高考佳句 ] In conclusion, so long as you insist on doing so, you will reap a
harvest.(2014·江西高考满分作文) 总之，只要你继续这样做，你就会获得大丰收。 (1)draw/come to/arrive at/reach a conclusion 得出结论 make a conclusion in conclusion (2)conclude v. conclude ...with ... conclude that ... 下结论 总之；最后 下结论；总结；结束 以??结束?? 结论是??
①From these facts we can draw some conclusions (conclude) about how the pyramids were built. 从这些事实我们可以得出一些关于金字塔是如何建造的结论。 ② When the group discussion is nearing its end, make sure to conclude_it_with important points.(2013·浙江高考单选) 小组讨论接近尾声时，一定要用几条要点来结束它。
2．aim n．目标；目的(可数名词)；瞄准，对准(不可数名词) v．瞄准，对准；目标在于 [高考佳句] To study hard is our own business, and to get a higher education and improve ourselves is our aim in our life.(2015·重庆高考写作) 努力学习是我们自己的事情，受到更高的教育并提高自己是我们的人生目标。 (1)take aim at ... with the aim of ... achieve one's aim (2)aim at/be aimed at (doing) sth. 瞄准，对准；旨在(做)某事 aim to do sth. (3)aimless adj. aimlessly adv. 目标是做某事 漫无目的的 漫无目的地 瞄准??；对准?? 目的是?? 达到某人的目标
①I'm aiming to_lose (lose) 4 kilograms before the summer holidays. 我的目标是暑假前体重减轻四公斤。 ②Don't argue aimlessly (aim). Let's sit down and talk things over. 别漫无边际地争论了，我们坐下来讨论一下吧。 3．react vi.(化学)反应；发生作用 [教材原句] Which of the metals in the table reacts the most with oxygen and water? 表格中的哪一种金属与氧气和水反应最厉害？ (1)react to react with react against react on/upon (2)reaction n. in reaction to have a reaction with 对??作出反应 与??起(化学)反应 反对；反抗；反叛 对??有影响 反应 对??的反应 与??起反应
①Children tend to react_against their parents by going against their wishes. 孩子们通常以违背父母意愿的方式来反抗他们。 ②He was surprised that his answer should have caused such a strong reaction (react)． 他很吃惊自己的回答竟然引起了那么强烈的反应。 4．balance n．天平；平衡；剩余；余额 v.(使)平衡；权衡 [经典例句] We were struggling to keep our balance as the boat rolled.(朗文 P137)
小船猛烈颠簸，我们努力保持着平衡。 (1)the balance of nature keep/lose/break the balance on balance (2)balance ...against ... balance ... with ... (3)balanced adj. keep a balanced diet 自然平衡 保持/失去/打破平衡 总的来说 把??与??进行权衡 使??与??平衡 平衡的 保持饮食均衡
①So I suggest you should keep_the_balance between your study and entertainment, such as doing sports, listening to music and so on.(2014·江西高考满分作文) 因此，我建议你应该保持学习和娱乐之间的平衡，如做运动、听音乐等。 ②Many people have come to realize that they should keep a balanced (balance) diet. 许多人开始认识到他们应该保持饮食均衡。 [熟词生义] 读句子猜含义 ③Apart from the expenses of your travelling, the current balance in your account is ￡1,182.余额 [单词集成训练] Ⅰ.基础点全练(用所给词的适当形式填空/完成句子) 1．I need some boiled (boil) water to wash down medicine after breakfast. 2．Reading is an experience quite different from watching TV; there are pictures forming (form) in your mind instead of before your eyes. 3．When the man came in, gun in hand, we all stood there, astonished (astonish)． 4．I found something large floating (float) in the sea about a mile away from the shore. 5．Hearing the news, she felt a strange mixture (mix) of excitement and fear. 6．Iron reacts_with_water_and_air (与水和空气反应) to produce rust. 7．This novel is an_expansion_of_a_short_story (一个短篇故事的扩展) he wrote about forty years ago. 8．After a fire broke out in the lab, a_lot_of_equipment_was_damaged (很多设备被 损坏了)． Ⅱ.重难点多练 1．conclusion 面面观 (1)单句语法填空 ①There were perhaps two main conclusions (conclude) to be drawn from the above
discussion. ②In conclusion, friendship provides a sense of belonging and comfort. ③From what he said I concluded that he had not much interest in it. (2)句型转换 ④What can you conclude from the evidence you've heard? →What conclusions can you draw/reach from the evidence you've heard? 2．aim 万花筒 (1)用所给词的适当形式填空 ①Aimed (aim) at improving the level of English, English Corner is held once a week. ②The visit was aimed to_develop (develop) relations between the two countries. ③Some students even have no idea of why they are studying, so they are aimless (aim) most of the time. (2)一句多译 为了通过驾照考试，他努力训练。 ④He trained hard with the aim of passing the driving test.(aim n．) ⑤He trained hard, aiming/aimed at passing the driving test.(aim v．) ⑥He trained hard, aiming to pass the driving test.(aim v．) 3．balance 全方位 (1)单句语法填空 ①You have to balance the advantages of living downtown against the disadvantages. ②Despite some failures, our firm has had quite a good year on balance. ③We all know that a balanced (balance) diet is of great importance to our health. (2)根据汉语提示完成片段 We should try our best ④to_balance_the_environment_with_nature (使环境与自然平衡). Sometimes, overdevelopment can ⑤break_the_balance (打破平衡) of ecology. Once nature ⑥loses_its_balance (失去平衡), it will bring us many disasters. Ⅲ.阅读词汇专练 1．根据语境选出 contract 的词性和词义 ?A?vi.收缩；缩小 ?B?v.签合同 ?C?n.合同；契约
①Read the contract carefully before you sign it.__C__ ②As the muscles contracted, the pain grew worse.__A__ ③They contracted to work fixed hours each week.__B__ 2．根据语境选出 form 的词性和词义 (A)vt.形成；产生 (B)n.外形；形状
①Swimming is probably the best form of exercise you can get.__C__ ②The main staircase (楼梯) was in the form of a big “s”．__B__ ③Children should form good habits from the very beginning. __A__
④The application form is important. Sit down and write it out properly.__D__ 第二板块| 短语句型归纳集释 1．add ... to ...往??加入?? [高考佳句] So why not add more functions to the umbrella？(2014·湖南高考满分作 文) 因此为什么不给伞增加更多的功能呢？ (1)add to add up add up to add (that) ... (2)addition n. in addition in addition to 增加；增添 把??加起来 合计达 补充说?? 加；(数)加法；增加 另外 除??之外
①Add_up all the figures and find out what they add up to. 把这些数字加起来，弄清楚总计多少。 ②In_addition,_we can gradually develop a closer friendship while enjoying these activities.(2015·广东高考满分作文) 另外，我们能够在享受这些活动的同时逐渐发展更亲密的友谊。 2．used to 过去(常常)?? [教材原句] I never used to enjoy science, but last year I changed schools, and the science teachers at my new school are excellent. 过去我从不喜欢理科，但是去年我转学了，我的新学校的理科老师很棒。 there used to be ... be/get used to (doing) sth. be used to do sth. 过去常常有?? 习惯(做)某事 被用来做某事
①He used to_stay (stay) up late, but now he is used to going (go) to bed early. 他以前总是熬夜到很晚，但是现在已经习惯早睡了。 ②The following simple experiment is used to_separate (separate) different liquids. 下面这个简单的实验被用来分离不同的液体。
[名师指津] used to 的否定形式有两种：used not to 和 didn't use to。 3．be supposed to 应当；理应 [教材原句] I'm going to try to go to either Montreal or Ottawa University, as both are supposed to have good Physics Departments. 我要努力考取蒙特利尔大学或渥太华大学，因为这两所大学的物理系都很棒。 (1)be supposed to do sth. be supposed to have done sth. 本应该做某事(实际未做) be supposed to be ... (2)suppose/supposing (that) (3)I suppose so. 被认为是?? 假定/假如?? 我认为是这样。 应该做某事
I suppose not.＝ I don't suppose so. 我认为不是这样。 ①The bus was supposed to arrive half an hour ago. ＝The bus is supposed to_have_arrived (arrive) half an hour ago. 公交车本来应该在半小时之前到达的。 ②Supposing/Suppose (suppose) that you are wrong, what will you do then? 假设你错了，你会怎么办？ [ 联想发散] 表示“本来应该做某事 (但未去做)”的结构还有：should have done sth.,
ought to have done sth.等。 4. It_is_hard_to_think of a world without metals. 很难想象一个没有金属的世界。 本句属于“It is＋形容词＋不定式”句式。 其中 it 是形式主语， 不定式短语是真正的主语。 (1)It is＋adj.＋for sb. to do sth. 该句式中作表语的形容词说明不定式行为的性质和特 点，常见的有 easy, important, difficult, possible, necessary 等。 (2)在 It is＋adj.＋of sb. to do sth.句式中，形容词用于说明不定式逻辑主语的品行、 性格、性质等，该句式通常可改为 Sb.＋be＋adj.＋to do sth.。能用于该结构的形容词有 kind, nice, good, stupid, silly, careful, careless 等。 (3)It is＋adj./n.＋that ... (4)It is no good/use doing sth.做某事是没有好处/用的 ①It is impossible for this country to recover in a short time over this financial crisis. 经历了这次经济危机，这个国家短期内恢复正常是不可能的。 ②It's kind of you to help me set up my own company.
你真好，帮我成立自己的公司。 ③It_is_true_that a smart phone plays an important role in our daily life.(2014·重 庆高考满分作文) 确实，智能手机在我们日常生活中扮演重要的角色。 ④It's no use arguing (argue) with her — she won't listen. 跟她争论没有用——她是不会听的。 5. The_closer you are, the_more you'll see. 你离得越近，看到的就越多。 the closer ... the more ...意为“越近??越多??”，为“the＋比较级．..，the＋比 较级．..”结构。其具体用法如下： (1)意为“越??，就越??”，主、从句的两个谓语是同时进行的，表示一方随另一方程度 的变化而变化。 (2)从结构上看， 第一个“the＋比较级”是表示条件的状语从句(在表示将来意义时， 从句用 一般现在时表示将来)；第二个“the＋比较级”是主句。 (3)本结构可以用省略形式。 ①The_more he thought about it, _the_angrier he grew. 他越想这件事越生气。 ②The_more_difficult the questions are, the_less_likely he is able to answer them. 问题越难，他回答出来的可能性就越小。 ③The earlier you start, the_sooner_you'll_be_back. 你出发得越早，回来得就越早。 [短语句型集成训练] Ⅰ.基础点全练 1．单句语法填空 ①We put the books in order so that we can find any book easily. ②He has found out the man who stole the watch. ③There are many developments in the area of language teaching. ④We are proud of our achievements and hopeful about the future. ⑤Close the door and keep the cold air out of the room. ⑥—May I open the window to let in some fresh air? —Go ahead! ⑦Alice was supposed to_study (study) at home, but her mother found her surfing the Internet. ⑧The more you practise speaking English, the greater (great) progress you'll make
in it. 2．运用所学短语完成片段 Our country has made great progress ①in_the_area_of (在??领域) space technology. And we ②are_proud_of (为??感到自豪) it. I ③used_to (过去常常) imagine going to the moon when I was a little child. Now the development of space area ④adds_to (增加) my confidence. But to make my dream come true, I ⑤am_supposed_to (应当) work harder. Ⅱ.重难点多练 1．add 相关短语点点练 单句语法填空 ①Will you please add a few notes to the article? ②If you add those four figures up,_it comes to over 500. ③The soldiers were extremely tired and the heavy rain added to their difficulty. ④In addition, we shouldn't neglect that everyone wants a friendly and peaceful society. ⑤He expressed his satisfaction with the talks, adding (add) that he enjoyed his stay here. 2．used 相关短语多棱镜 单句语法填空 ①I used to_go (go) to work on foot, but now I drive there. ②I once lived in a house which was used to_keep (keep) books and magazines. ③He has got used to taking (take) a walk in the park after supper every day. ④There used to be a big and beautiful garden at the back of their house. 3．“it 作形式主语”句型全接触 (1)单句语法填空 ①It is impossible for him to sleep on such a small bed. ②We all think it was foolish of you to do such a thing. ③No matter how bright a talker you are, there is still some time when it is better to_keep (keep) silent. ④It's no good trying (try) to talk me out of leaving. (2)句型转换 ⑤You are careless to make so many mistakes in the exam. →It is careless of you to make so many mistakes in the exam. ⑥He didn't pass the exam and that's a shame.
→It is a shame that he didn't pass the exam.
[课堂练基础] Ⅰ.单句语法填空 1．It is necessary for us to practise speaking English every day. 2．I used to_go (go) to the cinema, but I never get the time now. 3．I listened to his adventure with a mixture (mix) of amusement and disbelief. 4．The more you listen to English, the easier (easy) you'll feel in speaking English. 5．You are late. You are supposed to_have_arrived (arrive) five minutes ago. 6．How do other scientists and the public react to your research? 7．The conclusion (conclude) he drew from his simple experiment is, I think, not scientific. 8．The pleasant weather added to our pleasure. We had a wonderful time during our holiday. 9．He was so astonished (astonish) at the result that he couldn't say a word. 10．China has increased supply of low?rent apartments recently, aiming (aim) to help low?income families have places to live in. Ⅱ.单句改错 1．She went to London for the aim of finding a job.for→with 2．We send notices to visitors, usually in form of an e?mail.form 前加 the 3．Our school has been given some new equipments.equipments→equipment_ 4．We came to the conclusion which he was against our plan.which→that 5 ． It was astonished to find his reading ability improved so
much.astonished→astonishing 6．Put everything in the order before you leave the room.去掉第一个 the 7．The doctor thought that would be good for you to have a holiday. that→it
8 ． He used to play games on the Internet, but now he is used to read before sleeping.read→reading Ⅲ.用本单元所学知识完成写作训练 (一)依据提示补全短文 ①Wang Gang 1 used_to (过去常常) be good at chemistry. ②His goal was to be a chemist and make a breakthrough 2 in_the_area_of (在??领域) chemistry. But he was weak in
English, especially in his reading comprehension. ③The English teacher said that he must learn English well and it is very important. He should read at least two articles every day if he wanted to improve his reading ability. 3
The_harder_he_studied,_the_more_progress_he_would_make ( 他学习越努力，进步就越大 ). Wang Gang did it as the teacher had told him to. A year later, he was very surprised to find that his reading ability improved. And he 4 was_proud_of ( 为??感到自豪 ) his success. From this he 5 drew/came_to/arrived_at/reached_a_conclusion (得出结论) that one is sure to succeed if he sticks to it. (二)按要求将词汇句式升级 1．用本单元高级词汇替换加彩部分 (1)goal→aim (2)should→was_supposed_to (3)very surprised→astonished 2．按要求进行句式改写 (1)用定语从句合并句①和句② Wang Gang used to be good at chemistry, whose_goal_was_to_be_a_chemist_and_make_a_ breakthrough_in_the_area_of_chemistry. (2)用 it 作形式主语改写句③ The_English_teacher_said_that_it_is_very_important_for_him_to_learn_English_well . [课下练高考] “阅读＋七选五＋完形”组合练——练题型 (限时：35 分钟) Ⅰ.阅读理解 (2016·郑州市高三质量预测 )Can you imagine a world without chocolate? It's not something I'd like to do, so I was relieved to read that there's a university with a programme to safeguard the future of chocolate! The University of Reading, in England, has just opened a new clearing house for all the world's new cocoa varieties. They must be quarantined (进行检疫) before they can be grown. Why? Cocoa production hit a record high of 4.4 million tons last year but about 30% of the precious crop is regularly lost to pests and diseases. Now we don't want that, do we? Demand for chocolate has been increasing faster than the world supply of cocoa and
researchers think that new varieties are key to solving this problem. The University of Reading has been protecting the quality of the new crop since 1985, after it took over the task from the Royal Botanical Gardens in Kew, London. And it has improved its facilities. The leader of the institution's cocoa project, Professor Paul Hadley, says, “One of the main issues concerning cocoa improvement is the supply of reliably clean, healthy, interesting cocoa material.” The cocoa centre has a collection of 400 plant varieties and their greenhouse uses a lot of energy to keep them in tropical conditions. After up to two years in quarantine, clean and safe seeds are sent to some 20 countries, including several in West Africa. That's where 75% of the cocoa used for chocolate worldwide comes from. The crop is extremely important for the local economy: it employs about two million people. Professor Paul Hadley says he works with a small team of skilled technicians who look after the collection. And more of us seem to count on them now. The scientist says, “There is some concern within the industry that demand is increasing constantly, particularly in countries like China, where the standard of living is increasing and people are getting a taste for different chocolates.” 语篇解读：本文是一篇说明文，主要介绍了英国一项保护可可种子的项目。 1．What is the text mainly about? A．Safeguarding cocoa seeds. B．Planting cocoa seeds worldwide. C．Keeping cocoa seeds in the greenhouse. D．Finding the new market for cocoa. 解析：选 A 主旨大意题。根据第一段的第二句及第五段中的“clean and safe seeds”可 知，本文主要讲的是英国保护可可种子的项目，故 A 项正确。 2．The institution's cocoa project is to ________. A．have cocoa skin removed B．offer more jobs to people C．ensure the quality of cocoa D．supply cocoa to two million people 解析：选 C 推理判断题。根据第四段的最后一句可知，这个机构是要确保可可粉的质量， 故 C 项正确。 3．What does the last paragraph tell us? A．The taste of chocolates is changing. B．Demand for cocoa is increasing continually.
C．People are concerned about cocoa varieties. D．Chinese have a long history of eating chocolates. 解析：选 B 段落大意题。根据最后一段的关键词“demand is increasing constantly”可 知，本段主要讲可可的需求量不断增长，故 B 项正确。 4．What's the purpose of the text? A．To educate. C．To warn. B．To advertise. D．To inform.
解析：选 D 写作意图题。文章第一段点题，结合全文的整体内容可知，本文主要介绍了英 国保护可可种子的项目，属于向读者传递信息的类型，故 D 项正确。 Ⅱ.阅读七选五 (2016·东 北三校 二模 )After the popularity of the Ice Bucket Challenge, another challenge now is hot in India. Indians give rice to their poor neighbors for a charity (慈善), which is called “Rice Bucket Challenge”. __1__ It is about giving a bucket of rice to someone who is in need and taking a picture named “Rice Bucket Challenge” to share online. The aim of the activity is to help the poor and hungry people in India, and the movement's Facebook page has so far clocked up more than 50,000 likes. __2__ The activity was started by Manju Latha Kalanidhi, a 38?year?old journalist, who thought the Ice Bucket Challenge was a little strange. She said, “Hunger is a disease anybody would connect.” The challenge has gained a lot of support with students signing up in Indian Institute of Management, and more and more people join in it. __3__ India is the world's second?biggest rice consumer, with a storage of 21.2 million tons of the grains. __4__ It has suffered with mass hunger, and last year was ranked 63rd of 78 countries on the International Food Policy Research Institute's global hunger index. How to participate in this activity? First, pick up a bucket of rice from your home and give it to the neighboring people who are in need. __5__ At last, invite online all your friends and ask them to take up the challenge. It is important to post back on Facebook because it will inspire all your friends to come forward. All the people get together and make a difference! A．Besides, hand the rice bucket over to other people who are in need. B．It is not an activity involving dumping a bucket of rice on someone's head. C．The activity raises the public awareness and charitable donations to agriculture. D．The Air Asia India airline says its staff including senior management will join. E．Then, take a picture and post it on facebook with “Rice Bucket Challenge”． F．But it is far from enough for this country.
G．The initial inspiration came from the Ice Bucket Challenge. 答案：1～5 BGDFE Ⅲ.完形填空 (2016·济南高考模拟)For many people, being without any electronic devices (设备) creates an uneasy feeling. I recently experienced a weekend without __1__. Allow me to share my __2__. Last month, my family and I drove to my aunt Nan's home. My aunt was preparing to move closer to us. The __3__ of our visit was to help her pack her belongings. During the ride, my dad __4__ us that Aunt Nan's style of living was __5__. We wouldn't hear cell phones ring because signals for electronic devices are not __6__ in the mountains. My dad also told us that Aunt Nan had a television, but it __7__ few channels.My mother added that my aunt doesn't own a computer and that I would need to write my English paper on Aunt Nan's typewriter. Once we finally __8__ Aunt Nan's house, we packed household items. Very quickly, however, I realized that it was __9__ to figure out what to do in my free moments. I was used to watching television or movies in my __10__ time. I was becoming restless (焦 虑的)． I'm sure that adults you know __11__ tell you stories about the games they played and how they had time to think quietly when they were our age.Our parents grew up in a time when electronic devices were not advanced, __12__ instant communication with friends and family wasn't even possible. Once the packing was __13__， there seemed to be nothing else to do. All the quiet thinking time made me __14__， so I began writing my English paper. The old typewriter was fun to use, but I had to be a lot more __15__ about making typing mistakes since there was no delete key. The best part of __16__ the typewriter was hearing the sound that the keys made. I soon finished my paper. My __17__ had time to hike, draw, and make unusual crafts — much like my parents did. The __18__ of putting these ideas on paper made me think that our dependence on electronics has __19__ our creativity. I challenge you to spend a day without __20__ any electronic devices. Maybe you will discover the benefit of thinking quietly as well. 语篇解读：本文是一篇记叙文。作者在山里度过了一个没有手机、电脑和网络的周末。 1．A.games C．electronics B．televisions D．sports
解析：选 C 由上文的“without any electronic devices”可以得到提示。 2．A.feeling C．experience B．belongings D．devices
解析：选 C 下文即作者自身的“经历(experience)”。 3．A.value C．plan B．purpose D．result
解析：选 B “to help her pack her belongings”是作者一家此行的“目的(purpose)”。 4．A.blamed C．announced B．advised D．informed
解析：选 D 爸爸“告知(informed)”我们阿姨家的生活情况。 5．A.primitive C．new B．modern D．casual
解析： 选 A 由下文的“We wouldn't hear cellphones ring because signals for electronic devices ...”可知，阿姨家的生活比较“原始(primitive)”。 6．A.stable C．direct B．visible D．confusing
解析：选 A 听不到手机声音响是因为信号不“稳定(stable)”。 7．A.saved C．accepted B．received D．refused
解析：选 B 由“but”可知，电视能够“收到(received)”的台很少。 8．A.complained about C．left for B．arrived at D．cleaned up
解析：选 B 由“we packed household items”可知，我们“到达(arrived at)”了阿姨家。 9．A.safe C．difficult B．impossible D．easy
解析：选 C 由“I was becoming restless (焦虑的)．”可知，没有电子设备空闲下来很 “难(difficult)”想出可以做的事情。 10．A.waiting C．spare B．travelling D．busy
解析：选 C 由上文的“in my free moments”可以得到提示。 11．A.finally C．seldom B．hardly D．frequently
解析：选 D 成年人会“常常(frequently)”给孩子们讲自己小时候玩的游戏。 12．A.though B．if
解析：选 D 电子设备不够先进，“所以(so)”即时通讯是不可能的。 13．A.finished C．paid 解 析 ：选 A (finished)”。 14．A.curious C．angry B．uncomfortable D．uninterested B．included D．opened 由“there seemed to be nothing else to do” 可 知， 打包 已 经 “完 成
解析：选 B 由上文的“I was becoming restless (焦虑的)．”可知，空闲时间我觉得“不 舒服(uncomfortable)”。 15．A.careful C．excited B．scared D．crazy
解析：选 A 因为没有删除键，所以我打字的时候要格外“小心(careful)”。 16．A.holding C．fixing B．using D．packing
解析：选 B “能够听到敲击键盘的声音”是“使用(using)”打字机最好的一点。 17．A.characters C．relatives B．friends D．classmates
解析：选 A 这里是说我的故事中的“人物(characters)”。 18．A.process C．idea B．story D．beginning
解析： 选 A 写作的“过程(process)”中我意识到对电子产品的依赖“降低(dulled)”了我 们的创造力。 19．A.failed C．dulled 解析：选 C 参见上题解析。 20．A.turning down C．turning off B．turning up D．turning on B．encouraged D．developed
解析：选 D 由文末的“Maybe you will discover the benefit of thinking quietly as well.”可知，作者建议大家过一天不“打开(turning on)”电子设备的日子。
Module 6 The Internet and Telecommunications
Ⅰ.单词—在语境中默写，在联想中积累 [写得准] 1.crash vi. 机)崩溃 2.breakdown n. 故障 3.pass vt. 超过 4.average adj. 平均的 5.contain vt. 包 含 ； 包 括 →container n．容器 6.access n ． 接 近 ； 通 路 →accessible adj.可进入的； 可使用的 7.defence n ． 保 护 ； 防 卫 →defend vt.防护；防卫 8.create vt. 创 造 ； 发 明 →creation ( 计算 [用得活] 用所给词的适当形式 填空 1.Fallen rocks cut off the only access to the village, so it is not [积得多] 1.“ 独 立 ” 和 “ 依 赖”相关词集锦 ①depend
②dependent 依赖的 ③independent 独立的
accessible to the outside now.(access) 2.It's believed
④dependence n. 赖 ⑤independence 独立 2.“v.
that hard work can create wealth but the creation of
wealth also needs creative quality.(create) 3.Mr.Smith, inventor,_has invented many an
prep./adv.” 合 成 名
词万花筒 ①breakup 破裂 ②breakthrough 破 ③make?up 化妆品 ④get?together 会 ⑤setback 挫折 ⑥breakdown 故障 3. 后缀?sion 名词大 聚 突
(力)→creative adj.有创造力 的 9.design vt. 设 计 →designer
useful things and has made much money from his
n ． 许 可
→permit vt.许可 n．许可证 12.concentrate vi.集中(注意 力 、 思 想 等 )→concentration
inventions.(invent ) 4.His father
13.independent adj. 独 立 的 →independence n．独立 14.frequently adv.时常；经常 →frequent
观园 ①permission 允许 ②decision 决定 ③discussion 讨论 ④possession 拥有 ⑤explosion 爆炸 4.“频率”降下来 ①always adv. 总是
wouldn't permit him to drive there even if he had got his driving Without father's permission,_he had permit. his
adj. 频 繁 的
→frequency n．频率 15.disadvantage n．弊端；缺 点→(反义词)advantage n．优
点；长处 16.shorten vt. 缩 短 →short
no choice but to go there by bus or on a bike.(permission) 5.Concentration is important for this kind of work, and only by
②usually adv. 常
④sometimes 有时 ⑤seldom ＝ rarely
concentrating on it can you get it done well.(concentrate) 6.The famous
⑥never adv. 从不
building is said to be designed by an outstanding designer called
Ⅱ.短语—在应用中记牢，在归纳中记多 [写得准] [用得活] 选用左栏短语填空 1.It is said that 1.log_on/off 注册/注销 2.consist_of 成 3.as_well 也 4.become_known_as_... 作为??而出名； 被称为?? 5.go_down 下降 6.come_up_with 提出 7.from_that_moment_on 从那时起 8.concentrate_on 会神；集中思想 9.compared_with 与??相比 10.a_series_of 的 一系列 聚精 由??组 success consists_of three important factors: talent, diligence and luck. 2.We are going to the cinema 1.由 log on/off 想到的 ①turn on/off 闭 ②switch on/off 闭 ③get on/off 上车/下车 2.“由??组成”短语多棱 镜 ①consist of 由??组成 ②be made up of 由??组 成 ③be composed of 组成 3.known 相关短语全扫描 ①be known as 作为??而 出名 ②be known to sb. 为某人 所熟知 ③be known for 出名 因??而 由?? 打开 / 关 打开/关 [积得多]
tonight. Why don't you come along
as_well？ 3.Compared_with the place where I grew up, this town is much more
exciting. 4.From_that_momen t_on,_I began to do some writing using an old computer by my
Ⅲ.句式—在解读中学懂，在仿写中学通 [背原句] 1.Berners?Lee made it [记句式] [会仿用] 因特网使得分享最新消 make 的复合结构， it 作形式宾语。 息成为可能。 The Internet
possible for everyone to use the Internet, not
just universities and the army. 贝尔纳斯·李使每个人都能
makes_it_possible_to_ share the latest news.
使用因特网成为可能， 而不仅 限于大学和军队。 2.Our English teacher is excellent, but she can't help everyone in the class in 50 minutes. 我们的英语老师非常棒， 但是 她不可能在 50 分钟内帮助班 里的每一位同学。 3.I'm home now, why not give me a call？ 我现在在家， 为什么不给我打 电话呢？ Why not do ... ？ “ 为 什 么 不 做??”， 常在口语 中用来提出建议。 为什么不请他帮忙呢？ Why_not_ask help？ him for not ... everyone 表示部分否定。 并非每个人都想成为影 星。 Not_everyone_wants to be a film star.
第一板块| 核心单词归纳集释 1．contain vt.包含；包括；容纳；忍住，抑制 [教材原句] A hard disk is a separate disk that contains lots of information. 硬盘是包含许多信息的单独的盘。 contain oneself container n. 克制自己；自制 容器
① The Chinese diet is considered to be the healthiest in the world, containing (contain) a lot of fruit and vegetables. 中国饮食被认为是世界上最健康的，里面含有大量的水果和蔬菜。 ②He was too excited to_contain_himself when the container was to be opened. 当容器被打开的瞬间他激动得不能自已。 [辨析比较] contain, include 试一试 选用以上单词填空 The box ③contains a number of letters, ④including those from her admirers and of course his letters ⑤included as well. 辨一辨
通常用来指某容器中盛有某物，装有某物；还 可指某种物质中含有某种成分或含有其他物 质，指作为组成部分而被包含或容纳在内 通常表示把某事物作为其中的一部分包含在 内，在句中常构成分词短语 sth.included 或 including sth.
2．access n．接近；通路；接近或进入的权利/机会/通路 vt.进入；存取(尤指电脑数据) [教材原句] The World Wide Web (the web) is a computer network that allows computer users to access information from millions of websites via the Internet. 万维网是一个电脑网络，它能使电脑用户通过互联网从数百万的网站上获取信息。 (1)access to ... have/get/gain/obtain access to ... 得以接近/会见/进入?? (2)accessible adj. be accessible to 可进入的；可使用的 可进入；可用 ??的通路；??的权利
①We can get_access_to various information we need through the screen.(2014·湖南 高考满分作文) 我们可以通过屏幕获得我们需要的各种信息。 ②All the sites are free to the public and accessible (access) to anyone with an Internet connection. 所有这些网站都是免费向公众开放的，通过互联网，任何人都可登陆。 3．design vt.设计；构思；企图 n．设计；图案 [教材原句] He designed the first “web browser”， which allowed computer users to access documents from other computers. 他设计了第一个“网络浏览器”，允许计算机用户利用其他电脑的文件。 (1)design ... for ... be designed for/to do ... be designed as (2)by design 为??而设计?? 目的是?? 被设置为?? 有意地，故意地
①The programme is designed to_help (help) people who have been out of work for a long time. 这项计划的目的是为长期失业者提供帮助。
②We don't know if it was done by accident or by_design. 我们不知道那是偶然的还是故意的。 4．concentrate vi.集中(注意力、思想等) [高考佳句] From then on, I began to concentrate on every small thing in my
(1)concentrate ...on/upon (doing) sth. 把??专注于(做)某事 concentrate on/upon ... (2)concentration n. ① Secondly, 专注于?? 专心， 集中 some positive and relaxing
things.(2014·安徽高考满分作文) 第二，把精力集中到一些积极的、令人放松的事情上。 ②There is a great need for greater concentration (concentrate) on environmental issues. 非常有必要更加关注环境问题。 [单词集成训练] Ⅰ.基础点全练(单句语法填空/完成句子) 1．On average, how much time do you spend on sports activities each week? 2．You cannot go out without your mother's permission. 3 ． The war has ended but the government spending on defence (defend) is still increasing. 4．Doctors are aiming to concentrate more on prevention than cure. 5．The invention (invent) by them has helped us a lot in our work. 6．Once you leave college, you should be independent of your parents and make money of your own. 7．As a matter of fact, everyone has his_advantages_and_disadvantages (他的优点和 缺点)． 8． We should_speak_English_frequently (应该经常说英语) in order to improve our spoken English. Ⅱ.重难点多练 1．contain 面面观 用所给词的适当形式填空 ①Be especially careful of information contained (contain) in advertisements.
②I received a letter containing (contain) some important information about the project. ③Hearing the disappointing news, he was too sad to contain himself (he)． 2．access 万花筒 (1)单句语法填空 ①Before the Project Hope was carried out in this poor area, children had no access to education. ②Medicine should not be kept where it is accessible (access) to children. (2)句型转换 ③Students should have access to database in the school library. →The database in the school library should be accessible to students. 3．design 多棱镜 单句语法填空 ①The book, designed for young adults, turned out to be popular with the elderly. ②Whether this happened by design or not we shall never know. ③The organization is designed to_help (help) people who wish to teach abroad. Ⅲ.阅读词汇专练 1．根据语境选出 pass 的词性和词义 (A)vt.超过 (C)v.(时间)消逝；流逝 (E)vt.传递；递给 (B)v.经过；路过；穿过 (D)v.通过(考试、提案等) (F)n.出入证；通行证
①He has written a note asking me to pass on his thanks.__E__ ②This pass enables me to travel half?price on trains.__F__ ③Unless he studies hard, he will never pass the examination.__D__ ④The crowd backed away to let the wounded man pass through.__B__ ⑤Several years passed before he knew the truth.__C__ ⑥Contributions to the disaster fund have already passed 2 million dollars.__A__ 2．根据语境选出 average 的词性和词义 (A)adj.平均的 (C)n.平均数；一般水平 (B)adj.平常的；普通的 (D)v.平均为
①To their joy, their son's schoolwork is well above average.__C__ ②There was nothing special about the meal; it was average.__B__ ③The average score in English is 105, which is good news for our teachers.__A__ ④Economic growth is expected to average 2% next year.__D__ 第二板块| 短语句型归纳集释
1．consist of 由??组成；由??构成 [教材原句] It consists of millions of pages of data. 它由几百万页的数据组成。 consist in consist with 在于，存在于 与??一致，相吻合
①Listening is thus an active, not a passive, behavior consisting (consist) of hearing, understanding and remembering.(2015·浙江高考单选) 因此，聆听是一种积极主动的，而非消极被动的行为，它包括听、理解和记忆。 ②Life mainly consists_of happiness and sorrows while happiness and sorrows consist_in struggle. 生活主要由幸福和悲伤构成，而幸福和悲伤寓于奋斗之中。 [名师指津] consist of 一般不用于进行时，也不用于被动语态；其非谓语动词应用现在分 词形式。它的同义短语有：be composed of 和 be made up of。 2．come up with 提出；想出；赶上 [教材原句] He came up with the idea of the World Wide Web in 1989 while he was working in Switzerland. 1989 年，当他在瑞士工作时，他提出了(创建)万维网的想法。 come up come about come across come out come to When it comes to ... 走近；上来；被提出，被提及(无被动形式) 发生；产生 遇见，(偶然)发现；被理解 出来；出版 来到(某地)；加起来总共；恢复知觉 当涉及/谈到??
①So when we come_across words we don't understand, it can help us find out their meanings.(2014·湖南高考满分作文) 因此当我们遇到不理解的单词时，它能帮助我们弄清词义。 ②When it comes_to educating children, the Chinese parents think little of money. 当谈到教育孩子的问题时，中国的父母不怎么考虑金钱。 3 ． Berners?Lee made_it_possible_for_everyone_to_use the Internet, not just universities and the army. 贝尔纳斯·李使每个人都能使用因特网成为可能，而不仅限于大学和军队。 该句型为“make it＋adj.＋for sb. to do sth.”结构， 其中 it 作形式宾语，而真正的宾 语是 for sb. to do sth.。 (1)make＋it＋形容词/名词＋that 从句
make＋it＋形容词/名词＋to do 不定式 make＋it＋no good/no use/no value ...＋doing sth. (2)常用于这种句型的动词还有：think, consider, find, feel 等。
①She made_it_clear_that she was against the plan. 她明确表示反对该计划。 ②He makes it a rule to_take_part_in some physical labor though he is old. 虽然年龄大了，但是他仍坚持参加一些体力劳动。 ③I consider it no use quarrelling (quarrel) with him about it. 我认为就这件事和他争吵是没有用的。 [短语句型集成训练] Ⅰ.基础点全练 1．单句语法填空 ①Compared (compare) with developing countries, developed countries consume more energy. ②Plastic bags and boxes known as “white pollution” have become a serious problem. ③I can't concentrate on my studies with all that noise going on. ④Why not come (come) over for dinner at my house this weekend? ⑤With the development of science and technology, the prices of TV sets have gone down. ⑥From that moment on,_she came to know how great her mother was. 2．运用所学短语完成片段 ①Compared_with (与??相比) telephones, the Internet makes it easier to communicate with people. Our school ②is_known_as (作为??而出名) a model school. In our school, every grade ③consists_of (由??组成) 7 classes on average. In our computer class, we can practise typing, and have access to the Internet ④as_well ( 也 ). Even someone ⑤comes_up_with (想出) an idea of sending an e?mail to a friend. Ⅱ.重难点多练 1．consist 相关短语点点练 (1)单句语法填空 ①Theory should consist with practice. ②The beauty of the picture consists in its balance of colors. ③A team, consisting (consist) of two doctors and three policemen, was sent to search for the lost explorers.
(2)一句多译 我们班由 21 名男生和 20 名女生组成。 ④Our class consists of twenty?one boys and twenty girls. ⑤Our class is made up of twenty?one boys and twenty girls. ⑥Our class is composed of twenty?one boys and twenty girls. 2．come 相关短语个个清 (1)介、副词填空 ①He came up with a good idea for the product promotion. ②She came across some old photographs in a drawer. ③Can you tell me how the accident came about? ④When it comes to speaking in public, no one can match him. (2)根据汉语提示完成片段 Yesterday when walking in the street, I ⑤came_across (遇见) an old friend of mine. He is a writer and his new work will ⑥come_out (出版) in a month. I invited him to have dinner at a restaurant nearby. ⑦When_it_came_to (当提到) Li Hua, another friend of ours, I couldn't help crying because Li Hua died of cancer two years ago. He ⑧came_up_with (提出) a suggestion that we should go to see Li Hua's parents on Sunday. I couldn't agree more. 3． “it 作形式宾语”句型全接触 单句语法填空 ①We thought it wrong that the child should be left alone in the house. ②We think it no good reading (read) in bed. ③We must made it clear to the public that something should be done to stop pollution. ④His being late made it impossible for the meeting to_be_held (hold) on time.
[课堂练基础] Ⅰ.单句语法填空 1．As a general manager, you should be accessible (access) to your staff. 2．The power failure made it difficult for us to complete the task on time. 3． Several people witnessed the attack, but no one came to the girl's defence (defend)． 4．Children above 12 are able to take part in skiing or other activities designed (design) for them. 5．In the course of the experiments, they came across a series of new problems.
6．Compared (compare) with his earlier works, the new play is not well received. 7．Only in this way can they grow up to be independent (depend) and become truly successful. 8．As a senior high student, I think you should concentrate your attention on/upon your skills of learning. 9． When you start to build up a store of vocabulary, it is important to use it frequently (frequent)． 10 ． They were taken to the police station as they had entered the area without permission/being_permitted (permit)． Ⅱ.单句改错 1．He picked up an envelope contained 500 dollars in it.contained→containing 2．The heavy rain made difficult for them to finish the work on time.made 后加 it 3．Comparing with men, women are more sensitive.Comparing→Compared 4．What a pleasant day! Why not to go out for a walk？去掉 to 5．On the average, how much time do you spend on sports activities each week？去 掉 the 6 ． Several students came up some good suggestions on how to run a class well.up 后加 with 7．A medical team, consisted of five experienced doctors and ten skillful nurses, was sent to the earthquake?stricken area.consisted→consisting 8．The harder you study, the more better your study will be.去掉 more Ⅲ.用本单元所学知识完成写作训练 (一)依据提示补全短文 ①Our school 1 is_known_as (作为??而出名) a standardized (标准化的) high school. ②In our school, every class is made up of 50 students 2 on_average (平均). The reading room of our school 3 is_designed_to_hold (被设计用来容纳) 200 students, where we can 4 concentrate_our_attention_on (集中我们的注意力于) reading and 5 have_access_to (可 以使用) the Internet too. ③Through the Internet, we can get knowledge more easily than through books. ④Five years ago, our school took 6 a_series_of (一系列的) measures to encourage students to study harder. Its reform paid off. 7 From_that_moment_on (从那时起), more and more students were admitted to famous key schools.
(二)按要求将词汇句式升级 1．用本单元高级词汇替换加彩部分 (1)is made up of→consists_of (2)too→as_well 2．按要求进行句式改写 (1)用定语从句合并句①和句② Our_school_is_known_as_a_standardized_high_school,_in_which_every_class_is_made_ up_of_50_students_on_average. (2)用 compared with 和 it 作形式宾语改写句③ Compared_with_books,_the_Internet_makes_it_easier_for_us_to_get_knowledge. (3)用被动语态改写句④ Five_years_ago,_a_series_of_measures_was_taken_to_encourage_students_to_study_ha rder. [课下练高考] 练（一）第Ⅱ卷强化增分练——练规范 (限时：45 分钟) Ⅰ.语法填空 (2016·江西八所重点中学联考)My wife is addicted to shopping on the Internet.__1__ seems that she can't control herself well, just clicking constantly with the mouse.Let me tell you what happened last night.It was the fourth time she __2__ (shop) online for hours.I had already reminded her __3__ (think) twice before buying anything, but my wife ignored what I said and replied confidently ，“With the New Year __4__ (approach), preparation is necessary.__5__， I haven't bought things on the Internet for a whole week.”Hearing her words, I was really speechless.In most cases, the things she bought aren't good value for money.Maybe she just enjoys __6__ process of buying online. Nowadays, __7__ the development of technology, online shopping is becoming more and more convenient.Those __8__ stay at home can buy whatever they want.In the meanwhile, it causes a series of __9__ (problem)．One of them is more spending than before, because people are __10__ (easy) attracted by the discount.So how to keep a good state of mind in front of temptation (诱惑) is an important lesson many people need to learn. 语篇解读：作者的妻子沉溺于网购，常花冤枉钱，且不听作者的提醒和劝诫。可见，网购给人们 的生活带来便利的同时，也带来了一些问题。 1．It It seems that ...表示“似乎??”，为固定句式。 2．had shopped It was the first/second ...time that sb. had done sth.表示“是某
人第一/二??次做某事”。 3．to think remind sb. to do sth.表示“提醒某人做某事”。 4．approaching 此处为“with＋宾语＋宾补”的复合结构，因为宾语 the New Year 与宾补 所用动词 approach 构成主谓关系，所以应使用现在分词作宾补，故填 approaching。 5．Besides 此处是作者的妻子在陈述自己网购的又一个理由，所以应填入 Besides。注意： 此处并无转折关系，不能填入 However。 6．the 此处表示“网购的过程”，为特指，因此填入定冠词 the。 7．with with the development of ...表示“随着??的发展”，为固定短语。 8．who 该句的先行词为 Those，此处是指人的不定代词，且关系词在从句中作主语，所以 填入 who。 9．problems 根据空格前的“a series of”及下文中的“One of them is”可知，此处名 词应使用复数形式。 10．easily 因修饰谓语动词，作状语，所以应用副词。 Ⅱ.短文改错 (2016·哈尔滨市第六中学第四次模拟) Dear fellow students, There is a serious phenomenon in our school that many students crowded in the school store to buy snacks and some students even eat snacks in class. Eating snacks are a bad habit and is also waste of money. In addition to, most snacks are unhealthy food, for they contain too many fat and sugar. Eating snacks improper may lead to fatness and illness. What's more, some students throw the wrappers everywhere, that pollutes our campus. Dear fellow students, it's high time that we pay attention to this phenomenon. Our high school students should develop good eating habits. Remember that three regular meals a day as well as a balance diet is essential for us. 答案：第一句：crowded→crowd 第二句：are→is; waste 前加 a 第三句：去掉 to; many→much 第四句：improper→improperly 第五句：that→which 第六句：pay→paid 或 pay 前加 should 第七句：Our→We 第八句：balance→balanced Ⅲ.书面表达
(2016·银川质量检测)如今，我们身边不乏“低头族”。他们在与朋友聚会、家人团聚或乘 坐交通工具时，常常低头忙于浏览手机。请简要描述此现象，并发表你的看法。 注意：1.词数 100 左右； 2．可适当增加细节，以使行文连贯。 参考词汇：低头族 phubbing ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ 参考范文： The phenomenon that people are always phubbing is becoming more and more popular. Some people only stare at the screens of their phones, ignoring the people around them no matter when they take a bus, hold a party or even get together with their families. Worse still, they will not miss the chance of surfing the Internet or playing the games when they cross the road, which is likely to cause serious accidents and threaten their lives. It is high time that we threw away the phones and raised our heads up. Do cherish the ones around us and appreciate the splendid scenery ahead of us. 练（二）英语知识运用组合练——练准度(限时：30 分钟) Ⅰ.完形填空 (2016·山东省日照市校际联合检测)Every Wednesday, I go to Cantata Adult Life Services, a local retirement community, with my classmates to do community service. Our visits last about an hour, playing board games and cards with the residents __1__ we're there. You can watch all the movies and TV shows you want about “life back then”， but nothing __2__ with talking to the people who were actually there. Just hearing their stories has __3__ me in a way I never thought possible. Whether it was talking to 98?year?old “Hurricane Hilda” about her glory days __4__ a roller skater or chatting with Lou about the times she danced with a famous actor, I was completely impressed by every single __5__ the residents wanted to share with me. Even the residents who don't have __6__ memories make the experience fulfilling. I remember visiting Mrs. Robinson. She couldn't __7__ much about her past, but she told
me she'd __8__ forget how kind I was just to listen to her “rambling (漫谈)”. It made me realize that it's the __9__ things that make life worth living. That's something I won't __10__ anytime. If there's one thing I've realized in my three years of visiting Cantata, it's __11__ — just being there — that means more than anything to many of the residents. And despite how __12__ our