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选修六综合


选修六综合测试
第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该 项涂黑。 A What if we could replace oil with a fuel which produced no pollution and

which everybody had equal access to?The good news is that we can, in fact, we are swimming in it—literally. Hydrogen is one of the building blocks of the universe. Our own sun is basically, a big, dense cloud of the stuff. And hydrogen can be used to create electricity for power, heat and light. The problem is that hydrogen is everywhere and nowhere at the same time. It does not exist as a material on its own, but is always part of something else. So it has to be separated before it can be used. Most commercial hydrogen in use now is created from natural gas, As oil will start to run out in around the year 2030, it makes sense to produce as much hydrogen as possible as soon as we can. But natural gas supplies will also begin to run out soon after. Another source is needed. Researchers are now using electricity to make water into hydrogen. Companies are working on the problem in their own areas. The first commercial hydrogen, “fuel cells”for computers and mobile phones have already come on to the market. Auto companies have also invested over US $2billion in the production of hydrogen fuelled cars. The nations of a hydrogen fuelled planet would not fight over energy recourses. There would be a great reduction in pollution. The only byproduct of creating hydrogen is pure drinking water—something that is very scarce in many parts of the world. But that is not where the good news ends. Once the costs of producing hydrogen have been brought down, it will possibly provide power for a third of the Earth 's population that has no electricity. And electricity creates wealth. In South Africa over the last decade there has been a large programme of electrification. Thanks to the programme, people do not have to spend their days looking firewood to burn for heat. And with electric light, they can work long into the night. Some scientists see radical changes in the way the human race cooperates. Hydrogen creates electricity, and is also created by it. With dual use fuel cells, everyone who consumes energy could also produce it. Late at night, a man drives home in London and connects his car into the “world?wide hydrogen web”,which it supplies with electricity. A few hours later, a man in Beijing uses that electricity to power the hydrogen cell in his car. Hydrogen could be the first democratic energy source. Like all dreams of the future, it seems very far away. But the threat of war and terrorism in the Middle East has made governments and businesses more aware of the need to end oil dependency and spend more time and money on hydrogen resource. So maybe the threat of war is not a completely bad thing for the future of the human race. 21.What does the underlined word “it”in the last but one paragraph refer to? 1

A.wealth

B.hydrogen

C.electricity

D.fuel

22.What is the problem with using hydrogen as energy? A.It has byproducts C.It will make energy too cheap B.It has to be separated from other materials D.It is too far away from us

23.Why does the author give the example in the last but one paragraph? A.To tell us that we produce energy while using hydrogen power B.To tell us that hydrogen power does not produce pollution C.To show hydrogen power can stop war D.To show hydrogen power is cheap 24.What is the passage mainly about? A.war and energy C.the disadvantages of oil B.the future of hydrogen as an energy resource D.How to end war

B Simply saying “thank you” may benefit both the person who is thanked and the person who expresses gratitude(感激),according to the results of studies conducted by researchers at Florida State University in Tallahassee. The studies were published in the latest issue of Psychological Science. It was found that saying “thank you” strengthens relationships by causing the person expressing thanks to feel more responsible for the person who is being thanked. To understand how expressing gratitude helps strengthen relationships,the researchers conducted three different studies. In one study,137 college students completed a survey regarding how often they expressed gratitude to a friend or partner .Results showed that gratitude was positively linked with the person's perception(看 法)of the relationship between him and his friend or partner. In another study involving 218 college students,the expressers believed that expressing gratitude made the relationships become closer. In the third study, 75 men and women were divided into four groups. Over a threeweek period, one group expressed gratitude to a friend;another thought grateful thoughts about a friend,while a third thought about daily activities and a fourth had positive interactions( 互动 )with a friend. Those who expressed gratitude reported stronger relationships at the end of the study than those in the other groups. Gratitude,when expressed,strengthened relationships,according to the studies' lead author, Nathaniel Lambert .He said the findings make sense because when you express gratitude to someone,you are focusing on the good things that person has done for you. It makes you see them in a more positive light and helps you to focus on their good qualities. Although the studies only looked at the people expressing gratitude,Lambert thought that those who are being thanked will often want to express their gratitude back,which helps form a harmonious(和谐 的)atmosphere among people. 25.Researchers at Florida State University believe that expressers of gratitude may ________. A.receive better education C.know the benefits of saying “thank you” A.To prove a conclusion. C.To compare research results. A.137. B.218. B.care more about others D.know the benefits of being thanked

C When Gretchen Baxter gets home from work as a New York City book editor,she checks her cellphone at the door.“I think we are attached to these devices( 装置 )in a way that is not always positive,”says Baxter,who'd rather focus at home on her husband and 12yearold daughter.“It's there but we get crazy sometimes and we don't know where it should stop.”Americans are connected at unprecedented(前所未有的)levels—93% now use cellphones or wireless devices;onethird of those are “smartphones” that allow users to surf the Internet and check emails,among other things. The benefits are obvious:checking messages on the road,staying in touch with friends and family,efficiently using time once spent waiting around. The downside:Often,we're effectively disconnecting from those in the same room. That's why,despite all the technology that makes communicating easier than ever,2010 was the Year We Stopped Talking to One Another. From texting at dinner to posting on Facebook at work or checking emails while on a date, the connectivity revolution is creating a lot of divided attention. Many analysts say it's time to step back and reassess. “What we're going to see in the future is new opportunities for people to be connected like never before, ”says Scott Campbell, assistant professor of communication studies at the University of Michigan, who studies the social implications(暗示)of using mobile devices.“It can be a good thing.But I also see the traditional social structure is getting somewhat torn apart.” Sherry Turtle,director of the MIT Initiative on Technology and Self in Cambridge,Mass. wants to remind people that technology can be turned off.“Our human purpose is to really have connections with people,”she says.“We have to reclaim(收回)it. It's not going to happen naturally.” 29.According to the first paragraph,Gretchen Baxter thinks ________. A. cellphones are not always helpful B. we benefit a lot from the invention of cellphones C.using cellphones too much may be bad for health D.cellphones play an important role in her life 30.The underlined word “downside” in Paragraph 3 probably means “________”. A.advantage B.weakness C.characteristic D.importance 31.The main purpose of the passage is to tell readers that________. A.something must be done for people to get a real connection with others B.cellphones may be replaced by new devices C.cellphones should be turned off on some occasions D.people should have more connections with others

26.In the third study,why did researchers divide the participants into several groups? B.To test a theory. D.To collect more information. C.75. D.355. B. Saying “thank you” to create a sweet atmosphere D.Simple “thank you” has new benefits

27.How many people were involved in the first two studies? 28.What would be the best title for the passage? A. Saying “thank you” helps defeat your enemies C.Simple “thank you”,high expectations

2

D I'd always dreamed of exploring Africa, ever since I read my first Tarzan(《人猿泰山》)comic as a child. Finally, in 2004, to celebrate my 60 birthday, I went to Tanzania to experience a safari(东非游 猎)and climb Mount Kilimanjaro, the highest mountain in Africa. Seated next to me on the flight was Tanzania's minister of water and wildlife development. We talked for thousands of miles, and he arranged me to visit a school. When I toured the school, I was shocked. The leaky(漏的)roofs turned the dirt floors into mud during the rainy season, and the walls couldn't keep out the heat, cold or bugs(小昆虫). The school was in need of all material goods, but the kids possessed great human spirit. It broke my heart that these children had to struggle to survive, so I asked the headmaster what it would cost to feed them. As little as 20 cents per child per day, he told me. Immediately I got home, I founded Kids of Kilimanjaro. Since then we've grown to provide hot lunches for nearly 13,000 schoolchildren every day. The free lunch program has eased a major problem the youngsters face. I know a good education could really make a difference in these children's lives. My parents always stressed the importance of education. I paid my own way through college in Tokyo by teaching English to students and business people. After attending university I moved to San Francisco, when I was 25 years old. In 1978 I realized my American dream when I founded my own company. My success all started with a good education. It's amazing that something as simple as a nutritious lunch can change and enrich so many lives. Giving young people a better, healthier life can inspire them to go all the way through college and lead a movement that transforms their country. 32.Why did the author go to Tanzania to celebrate his 60th birthday? A.He was curious about what Africa was like. B.He was concerned about the Africans' miserable life. C.He wanted to get an idea of the area's wildlife. D.He hoped to lead a movement that would transform his country. 33.What is the main purpose of Kids of Kilimanjaro? A.To make sure the African kids are mentally healthy. kids. C.To build new schools for the African kids. 34.What is the correct sequence of the following events? a.“I” founded “my” first company. b.“I” founded Kids of Kilimanjaro. c.“I” read “my” first Tarzan comic. d.“I” moved to San Francisco. A.a, c, d, b B.a, d, c, b C.c, a, d, b D.c, d, a, b B.To spread knowledge among the African D.To protect the African kids from hunger.
th

C.he paid his own way through college by teaching English D.he's trying to realize his American dream

第二节 (共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据对话情景和内容,从对话后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 Ancient Rome was one of the world's most powerful empires more than 2,000 years ago. The Romans' ideas about roads, laws, government and buildings still influence us today. Italy is shaped like a boot. The Colosseum in Rome was built during the time of the Roman Empire, in the first century A.D. __36__ It is a popular tourist attraction today. Italy is wellknown for its designers, who create cars, handbags, clothes, shoes and other items that are in demand for their style and fine workmanship. Today, the economy of Italy is stronger than in the past. __37__Today, manufacturing and tourism are the main sources of income. There are some big companies, but Italy has many smaller companies, too. __38__ The southern part does not offer as many manufacturing jobs, so it is not as prosperous. Italy is a member of the European Union, a group of countries that join together for better trade. The currency, or money they use is called the “euro”. Food and eating good meals are important to Italians. __39__ Popular foods include pasta, risotto, minestrone and pizza. McDonald's is also popular there. Many families still eat their main meal in the middle of the day.__40__ Families spend a lot of time together. A.The family is very important to the Italian way of life. B.The country used to depend on agriculture. C.Mountains cover about threefourths of the country. D.It could seat about 50,000 people, who went to see fights between animals and people. E.While there are some supermarkets, many people shop at small, neighborhood markets. F.Italy has several islands off the coast. G.The northern part of the country is the main manufacturing center. 第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面的短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选 项。 3

35.The author believes education is important because ________. A.his parents always stressed the importance of education B.a good education contributes to his success

The Keeper of the River An old man had been working for many years for a town.His job was to clear away natural waste from the pool water in the hills, which made up the lovely river flowing through the town nearby.Quietly and __41__, the old man guarded the hills, __42__ the leaves and branches, and cleaned up the dirt that would have __43__ and polluted the fresh flow of water.The town soon became a popular attraction for tourists.Elegant swans (天鹅) floated along the clear river and the view was so beautiful __44__ words. Years passed.One evening the town __45__ met.As they reviewed the budget, one man's __46__ caught sight of the salary __47__ being paid to the seldom seen keeper of the river.He asked, “Who is the old man? Why do we __48__ to employ him? No one in town ever __49__ him. For all we know, the strange keeper of the hills isn't doing his job.His position isn't __50__ any longer.” Then they voted to __51__ the man. For several weeks, nothing changed... By early autumn, the trees began to __52__ their leaves.Small branches broke off and fell into the pools of the hills, __53__ the flow of the shining water.One afternoon, someone noticed a slight yellowishbrown __54__ in the river.A few days later, the water was much __55__. Within another week, an oily something covered some sections of the water along the banks, and a terrible __56__ was soon sensed.Swans left, and so did the __57__. The only thing that was now visiting the village was disease and sickness. Quickly, the __58__ town committee called a special meeting.Realising their huge mistake in __59__, they rehired the old keeper of the river again, and within a few weeks, the river began to clear up.Swans and tourists came back again and new life returned to the small town in the Alps. Never ignore the seeming smallness of a task, job, or life.They may all make a __60__. 41.A.regularly B.suddenly C.casually D.seldom 42.A.assumed 43.A.rejected 44.A.beyond 45.A.sympathy 46.A.eye 47.A.list 48.A.donate 50.A.negative 51.A.find 52.A.lose 53.A.pulling 54.A.fish 55.A.aliver 56.A.sound B.opposed B.poured B.despite B.care B.privilege B.continue B.Urgent B.fire B.Avoid B.Speeding B.color B.cooler B.smell C.removed C.selected C.within C.hand C.skill C.stop C.shares C.necessary C.support C.expand C.slowing C.flower C.warmer C.wave D.conveyed D.blocked D.after D.committee D.spirit D.concept D.fail D.sees D.complex D.forget D.admit D.pushing D.leaf D.darker D.light 4

57.A.managers 58.A.embarrassed

B.players

C.villagers C.judgment C.platform

D.tourists D.delighted D.amusement D.devotion

B.accepted C.focused

59.A.depression B.voyage 60.A.suggestion B.difference

第Ⅱ 卷(非选择题) 第二节 (共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 Jane:Home at last. Tonight we have__61__lot of homework though. Tom:Are you saying we don't have time__62__watch our favorite show tonight? Jane, you know I really don't like our teacher all that much. He gives far too much homework. He__63__(criticize) me in front of everyone all__64__time. Jane:To tell the truth, I don't really like him__65__. He's kind of__66__(bore) and not very active. He always looks__67__(happy) too. Tom:Yes, and he also... Jane:Do you think we should be talking__68__him like this behind his back? Tom:Probably__69__After all he is our teacher. We should try to find something nice to say. If you can't say something nice you shouldn't say anything at all. Jane:I__70__(absolute) agree. It's getting dark. We should finish our homework now. Tom:All right. I want to take a shower first, I'm exhausted. 61.______ 66.______ 62.______ 67.______ 63.______ 68.______ 64.______ 69.______ 65.______ 70.______

第四部分:写作(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假如英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌的以下作文。文中共有 10 处错误, 每句中最多有两处。错误涉及单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号∧ ,并在此符号下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线\划掉。 修改:在错词下面划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Last weekend, I helped my grandparents their trip to Dalian. On Saturday morning, together with my grandparents, I search the Internet for the train schedule, the weather in Dalian and some hotel informations. In the afternoon, we went to the train station and managed to buy two tickets for my grandparents although there had a long queue. After the supper, I packed into the suitcase the things what my grandparents would need, such as clothes, glasses, an umbrella and a map. The next morning, I went to the station to show them off. Waved goodbye to them on the platform, I felt happily for them and wished them a safe journey.

B.employment C.masterpiece

49.A.decorates B.swears


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