1.exchange vt.交换，调换，兑换 n．交换，互换 [归纳拓展] exchange...for... 把……和……交换 in exchange for... 用……作交换，换取…… exchange sth. with sb. 与某人交换某物 At the end of the game players usually exchange sh
irts _________each other. ① I am going to travel abroad, so I should go to ________ some RMB ________ dollars in bank. ② Would you like my old TV ________ ________ ________ this camera? [真题寻踪] (2014· 天津 B 篇阅读)The video exchange between signer and receiver can be recorded on DVD for proof when legal documents are used. 2．afford vt. 买得起，负担得起；(有时间)做；承担得起(后果)；提供，给予 [归纳拓展] (1)afford＋n./pron. 买得起……，负担得起……的费用 (2)afford to do sth. 负担得起干……(费用) 注意：afford 表示“买得起，负担得起”，时常与情态动词 can, could 或 be able to 一起使用，而不与其 他情态动词连用，后接名词、代词或不定式。 完成句子 ① 我只买得起最便宜的那一个。 I can ________ ________ the cheapest one. ② 我可得罪不起老板，因为我舍不得丢掉这份工作。 I mustn't annoy my boss because I can't ______ ________ ________ my job. ③ 我想去度假，可是抽不出时间来。 I'd love to go on holiday but I can't __________ ________ ________. 3．survive vi.死里逃生；大难不死；幸存 vt.在……之后仍然生存；比……活得长 [归纳拓展] (1)survive sth. 经历(事故/火灾/地震……)幸存下来 survive sb. (by...) 比某人活得长(几年) survive on sth. 靠某物维持生活 (2)survival n．幸存，残存物 survivor n．幸存者，生还者 填空 Mr. Green was the only ① _______ ( 幸 存 者 )who ② __________ ( 在 地 震 中 幸 存 ). He told us he ③ ________________ (靠……生存)a bottle of mineral water. Everyone said his ④ __________ (幸存) was a wonder. [真题寻踪] ① Only two passengers survived the traffic accident.
② (2014· 全国卷Ⅰ，B)For a time, a few birds survived under human care. 4．contact vt.联络；联系(某人)；接触 n．联系 [归纳拓展] make contact with sb. 联系某人 lose contact with sb./be out of contact with sb. 与某人失去联系 keep/stay/be in contact with sb. 与某人保持联系 get into/in contact with sb. 与某人取得联系 句型转换 ① It's been 5 years since they lost contact with each other. →They have been ________ ________ ________ ________ each other for 5 years . ② We are trying to get into contact with the ship by radio. →We are trying to ________ ________ ________ the ship by radio. →We are trying to ________ the ship by radio. [真题寻踪] (2014· 江西，D)When communication becomes more efficient, people are able to contact one another no matter where they are and at whatever time they wish to. 5.put up 建造；举起；为……提供住宿；张贴；提高 (1)put aside 储存(钱)；储存……以备用；储蓄 (2)put forward 提出(意见、建议) (3)put in 打断；插嘴 (4)put off 延期；推迟 (5)put on 假装；伪装；表演，上演(戏剧)；穿上，戴上 (6)put out 熄灭；关灭；扑灭 (7)put up with 忍受；忍耐；受苦 观察句子，写出黑体部分的含义 ① A new theatre will be put up where there used to be a temple.( ② She put up a notice about the school trip to Hong Kong.( ③ Put up your hand if you have any questions.( ⑤ Is it right to put up the price of houses？( ) ) ) ④ They agreed to put two foreign students up over the summer.( ① He ___________________a very good suggestion at the meeting. ② I can't ____________________his rudeness any longer. 6．pay back 归还(借款等)；报复 知识拓展 (1)pay sb. 付给某人(钱、工资等) (2)pay for 付……的钱 (3)pay sb. money for sth. 因……付给某人钱 (4)pay off 还清(债务等)；成功；奏效
① Can you lend me ￡10 and I'll _______ you _________ on Friday? ② I'll ________ Jenny ________ for what she did to me! ① I have to pay 150 dollars for the sewing machine. ② All the hard work I had done over the summer paid off. 7．get away from 摆脱，逃离；离开 [拓展链接] get away with 被放过；(做坏事)不受惩罚 get on/along with 与……相处；进展 get down to (doing) sth. 着手(做)某事 get through to sb. (用电话)接通某人 [真题寻踪] The child ought to be punished. You shouldn't let him get away with telling lies. ① In modern times, many young people ________ ________ ________home and earn some money on their own. ② I'm too busy to ________ ________ ________ my work at the moment. 我此刻工作太忙，抽不开身。 8.It's been six years since we last saw each other, you know. [知识拓展] (1)It＋be＋时间段＋since...句型意为“自从……以来已经有多长时间了”。在本句型中从句为过去时， 主句常用现在完成时或一般现在时。 (2)若 since 从句中的动词为短暂性的，则表示“从这个动作开始到现在有多长时间了”；若动作为延续 性的或表示状态的动词时，表示“从状态结束到现在有多长时间了”。 ① _____________________________________I left my hometown to settle here. 自从我离开家乡在这儿定居以来已经有两年了。 ② It is three months since he lived here. 译：________________________________________ 9．And this is the first time I've visited your hometown. [归纳拓展] (1)This/It is/was the first/second.../last time＋that 从句表示“这是某人第一次/二次……/最后一次做某事”， 在口语中 that 常省略。 (2)在此句型中，主句用一般现在时，that 从句中的谓语用现在完成时；主句用一般过去时，that 从句 中的谓语用过去完成时。 用所给动词的正确形式填空 ① This is the third time I ________(be) to Guangzhou. ② It was the first time that I ________(read) such a moving story.