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外研版必修一module 4 知识点


Module 4
1.exchange vt.交换,调换,兑换 n.交换,互换 [归纳拓展] exchange...for... 把……和……交换 in exchange for... 用……作交换,换取…… exchange sth. with sb. 与某人交换某物 At the end of the game players usually exchange sh

irts _________each other. ① I am going to travel abroad, so I should go to ________ some RMB ________ dollars in bank. ② Would you like my old TV ________ ________ ________ this camera? [真题寻踪] (2014· 天津 B 篇阅读)The video exchange between signer and receiver can be recorded on DVD for proof when legal documents are used. 2.afford vt. 买得起,负担得起;(有时间)做;承担得起(后果);提供,给予 [归纳拓展] (1)afford+n./pron. 买得起……,负担得起……的费用 (2)afford to do sth. 负担得起干……(费用) 注意:afford 表示“买得起,负担得起”,时常与情态动词 can, could 或 be able to 一起使用,而不与其 他情态动词连用,后接名词、代词或不定式。 完成句子 ① 我只买得起最便宜的那一个。 I can ________ ________ the cheapest one. ② 我可得罪不起老板,因为我舍不得丢掉这份工作。 I mustn't annoy my boss because I can't ______ ________ ________ my job. ③ 我想去度假,可是抽不出时间来。 I'd love to go on holiday but I can't __________ ________ ________. 3.survive vi.死里逃生;大难不死;幸存 vt.在……之后仍然生存;比……活得长 [归纳拓展] (1)survive sth. 经历(事故/火灾/地震……)幸存下来 survive sb. (by...) 比某人活得长(几年) survive on sth. 靠某物维持生活 (2)survival n.幸存,残存物 survivor n.幸存者,生还者 填空 Mr. Green was the only ① _______ ( 幸 存 者 )who ② __________ ( 在 地 震 中 幸 存 ). He told us he ③ ________________ (靠……生存)a bottle of mineral water. Everyone said his ④ __________ (幸存) was a wonder. [真题寻踪] ① Only two passengers survived the traffic accident.
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② (2014· 全国卷Ⅰ,B)For a time, a few birds survived under human care. 4.contact vt.联络;联系(某人);接触 n.联系 [归纳拓展] make contact with sb. 联系某人 lose contact with sb./be out of contact with sb. 与某人失去联系 keep/stay/be in contact with sb. 与某人保持联系 get into/in contact with sb. 与某人取得联系 句型转换 ① It's been 5 years since they lost contact with each other. →They have been ________ ________ ________ ________ each other for 5 years . ② We are trying to get into contact with the ship by radio. →We are trying to ________ ________ ________ the ship by radio. →We are trying to ________ the ship by radio. [真题寻踪] (2014· 江西,D)When communication becomes more efficient, people are able to contact one another no matter where they are and at whatever time they wish to. 5.put up 建造;举起;为……提供住宿;张贴;提高 (1)put aside 储存(钱);储存……以备用;储蓄 (2)put forward 提出(意见、建议) (3)put in 打断;插嘴 (4)put off 延期;推迟 (5)put on 假装;伪装;表演,上演(戏剧);穿上,戴上 (6)put out 熄灭;关灭;扑灭 (7)put up with 忍受;忍耐;受苦 观察句子,写出黑体部分的含义 ① A new theatre will be put up where there used to be a temple.( ② She put up a notice about the school trip to Hong Kong.( ③ Put up your hand if you have any questions.( ⑤ Is it right to put up the price of houses?( ) ) ) ④ They agreed to put two foreign students up over the summer.( ① He ___________________a very good suggestion at the meeting. ② I can't ____________________his rudeness any longer. 6.pay back 归还(借款等);报复 知识拓展 (1)pay sb. 付给某人(钱、工资等) (2)pay for 付……的钱 (3)pay sb. money for sth. 因……付给某人钱 (4)pay off 还清(债务等);成功;奏效
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① Can you lend me £10 and I'll _______ you _________ on Friday? ② I'll ________ Jenny ________ for what she did to me! ① I have to pay 150 dollars for the sewing machine. ② All the hard work I had done over the summer paid off. 7.get away from 摆脱,逃离;离开 [拓展链接] get away with 被放过;(做坏事)不受惩罚 get on/along with 与……相处;进展 get down to (doing) sth. 着手(做)某事 get through to sb. (用电话)接通某人 [真题寻踪] The child ought to be punished. You shouldn't let him get away with telling lies. ① In modern times, many young people ________ ________ ________home and earn some money on their own. ② I'm too busy to ________ ________ ________ my work at the moment. 我此刻工作太忙,抽不开身。 8.It's been six years since we last saw each other, you know. [知识拓展] (1)It+be+时间段+since...句型意为“自从……以来已经有多长时间了”。在本句型中从句为过去时, 主句常用现在完成时或一般现在时。 (2)若 since 从句中的动词为短暂性的,则表示“从这个动作开始到现在有多长时间了”;若动作为延续 性的或表示状态的动词时,表示“从状态结束到现在有多长时间了”。 ① _____________________________________I left my hometown to settle here. 自从我离开家乡在这儿定居以来已经有两年了。 ② It is three months since he lived here. 译:________________________________________ 9.And this is the first time I've visited your hometown. [归纳拓展] (1)This/It is/was the first/second.../last time+that 从句表示“这是某人第一次/二次……/最后一次做某事”, 在口语中 that 常省略。 (2)在此句型中,主句用一般现在时,that 从句中的谓语用现在完成时;主句用一般过去时,that 从句 中的谓语用过去完成时。 用所给动词的正确形式填空 ① This is the third time I ________(be) to Guangzhou. ② It was the first time that I ________(read) such a moving story.

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