山东省日照市第一中学 2014 届高三上学期第一次月考 英 语 试 题
注意事项： 1. 本试题共分三部分，全卷共 150 分。考试时间为 120 分钟。 2. 第 I 卷必须使用 2B 铅笔填涂答题纸相应题目的答案标号，修改时，要用橡皮擦干净。 3. 第 II 卷必须使用 0.5 毫米的黑色墨水签字笔书写在答题纸的指定位
第 I 卷（共 105 分）
第一部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节 单项填空（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 1. — Let’s eat in the garden, shall we? —______—it’ll make a change. A. Forget it B. Take it easy C. Why not D. Certainly not 2. Look! There’s ______ announcement in today’s papers about ______ opening of the new sports center. A. an; the B. 不填；the C. the; the D. an; 不填 3. _____ this winding path, and you’ll come to a lovely cottage by a lake in the woods. A. To follow B. Following C. Followed D. Follow 4. In France, ______ you go, you will always see a gentleman holds a door for a lady. A. however B. whoever C. wherever D. whichever 5. His parents were angry when they learned he had borrowed the car ______ their wishes. A. against B. to C. from D. by 6. I often go to the market with my friends _______ I can buy whatever I want. A. that B. where C. whom D. which 7. Tom says he ______ you and is helping you with the research at present. A. had called on B. will call on C. has called on D. called on 8. —Poor Steve! I could hardly ______ him just now! —Me neither. He has changed so much. A. realize B. impress C. remind D. recognize 9. Last summer we visited abandoned farms ______ over a hundred years ago. A. building B. to be built C. built D. being built 10. The city was built by Alexander 1,300 years ago, after ______ many streets and places are named. A. when B. which C. where D. whom 11. Tom felt ______ when he had the interview because he was not well prepared for it. A. energetic B. nervous C. enthusiastic D. cautious 12. I don’t care ______ we have for dinner if I don't have to cook it. A. that B. where C. when D. what 13. — It looks like we’re almost out of milk. — ______. I’ll get some more when I go to the store this afternoon. A. No wonder B. Not to worry C. Nobody cares D. No problem 14. There’ll be a special price for anybody who ______ a suit in the next two days. A. ordered B. has ordered C. orders D. would order 15. I won’t mind the heat in Greece ______ I won’t have to move about much. A. because B. unless C. while D. although
第二节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出空白处的最佳选项，并在答题 卡上将该项涂黑。 My wife, Kathy and I moved with our two-year-old son, Nate, to a small native village in Alaska. The small three- and four-passenger plane we took so 16 our little boy that he took his favorite blanket and covered his head until we 17 on the small dirt landing strips. During the months that followed, my son carried his security 18 everywhere. He couldn’ fall asleep until he had it. t The second year, I had a chance to guest speak in Seattle. While I was 19 for the trip, my son followed me around the room. Fine-tuning my speech in my mind, I was a little distracted. My son seemed most 20 about my having to fly out in bad weather on one of those small planes he 21 so much. I reassured him that I would be 22 . When I got to the hotel in Seattle, I didn’t have time to 23 until later that evening, and I was 24 when I opened my luggage and found my son’ security blanket inside. I 25 my wife trying 26 to find the lost s blanket as she prepared our son for 27 . I immediately 28 to the phone to call Kathy. When I began to explain that I had no idea how the blanket had 29 been packed, Kathy 30 me down with the news that she already knew where the blanket was. She told me that she had held Nate by the window to let him 31 me drive away from the house. She had suggested that they pray for “Daddy to have a safe 32 .” Knowing that our son would be most 33 the small plane ride, she prayed, “Dear Lord, please help Daddy feel 34 on the little plane.” When the prayer was over, our son Nate 35 his mom，“Don’ worry, Mom, I gave Daddy my blanket to keep him safe.” t 16. A. attracted B. cheered C. impressed D. terrified 17. A. set about B. set down C. set in D. set out 18. A. plane B. books C. blanket D. prayer 19. A. packing B. reading C. writing D. discussing 20. A. curious B. excited C. worried D. confused 21. A. enjoyed B. feared C. prayed D. flew 22. A. fine B. happy C. hard-working D. easy 23. A. call B. rest C. unpack D. examine 24. A. shocked B. satisfied C. amused D. disappointed 25. A. thought B. pictured C. talked D. hated 26. A. gladly B. sincerely C. hurriedly D. desperately 27. A. food B. school C. bed D. work 28. A. asked B. rushed C. ordered D. walked 29. A. accidentally B. inaccurately C. deliberately D. casually 30. A. let B. calmed C. took D. blew 3l. A. bless B. think C. watch D. check 32. A. speech B. hotel C. job D. trip 33. A. afraid of B. tired of C. worn out D. interested in 34. A. wonderful B. excellent C. safe D. great 35. A. annoyed B. answered C. pleased D. comforted 第二部分：阅读理解（共 30 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 60 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项。 A A 12-year old boy who donated bone marrow (骨髓) to his dying sister and has raised more than￡10,000 for charity has been named the UK’ Family Hero of the Year. s Adam Kerr, 12, from Armagh, Northern Ireland, also helps his mother care for his younger brother Brian, 9,
who suffers from the genetic disease Fanconi’ anaemia (贫血症). But it is not the first hardship that has affected s young Adam. When he was just six, he donated his own bone marrow to his younger sister Helen who suffered from a rare blood disorder. Sadly she developed complications and died a few months after the operation in 2005. Adam found it very difficult to be happy after Helen’ death. So he decided to start raising money in memory s of Helen to help local poor children and families with bereavement (丧亲之痛). Overall he has raised ￡10,000 and he has no intentions of giving up. He organised a Fun Day to provide the money for a brother and sister from Northern Ireland to visit their sick brother having a bone marrow transplant in a London hospital. He received his award and a cheque for￡2,000 at an “Oscar’ style” ceremony in London. Ms Phillips said: s “Adam is an incredible young man. In his relatively short life he has faced real sadness and bad luck and yet he works tirelessly to make life better for others.” The Awards were sponsored by the charity 4Children and Take a Break Magazine. Anne Longfield OBE, Chief Executive of 4Children said:“It’ an honour to recognise Adam’ devotion and self-sacrifice, and his bravery s s shows there is always reason for hope and optimism. There is so much unrecognized goodwill out there of people who do so much for others, and the inspiring winners of the Family Heroes Awards remind us how important it is for us all to do our best to make a difference in the lives of others.” 36. From the passage we can see Adam’ younger brother s . A. was too young and ill to look after himself B. was fortunate enough to be cured C. donated his bone marrow to his sister D. was going to have an operation 37. Why does Adam raise money for charity? A. Because he wants to provide money for his brother. B. Because his sister suffered from a rare blood disorder. C. Because he wanted to remember his sister in this way. D. Because his mother encouraged him to do so. 38. Which of the following is probably a name of an activity? A. A Fun Day B. the charity 4Children C. Take a Break Magazine D. Anne Longfield OBE 39. Which of the following statement is TRUE according to the passage? A. The first hardship that has affected Adam is to care for Brian. B. Adam suffers from the genetic disease Fanconi’ anaemia. s C. Adam is so tired that he wants to give up fund raising. D. Adam is awarded for his dedication, bravery and self-sacrifice. 40. What’ the best title for the passage? s A. How to help others in trouble B. A little boy makes a big difference to others C. How to be a winner of the Family Heroes Awards D. An independent young man B An Israeli law banning too skinny models went into effect with the start of 2013. The law, approved last March in Israel, requires models to prove they have maintained a Body Mass Index (BMI) of at least 18.5 for three months before a fashion show. That means a woman who is 5'8''tall can weigh no less than 119 pounds. “This law is another step in the war against eating disorders,” said physician Adatto. “Underweight models,” he explained, “can no longer serve as role models for innocent young people who copy their false image of being skinny.” But some critics in this country say it is misguided, focusing on weight instead of health. They also say the Israeli ban is bound to fail because of the strong power of the fashion industry. “I think it’s an approach that isn’t
going to work.” Said eating disorder expert Susan Ice, who worked with an organization which creates a healthy working environment for models. But Adatto told the reporter that he began to concern the issue after meeting an ambitious model who looked like she needed to be hospitalized. He said. “I realized that only legislation can change the situation. There was no time to waste, so many girls were dieting to death.” However, the efforts to regulate models’ weight in Spain and Italy have not resulted in significant changes in part because of difficulties in determining reliable methods of measuring weight and health. Still, folks including Ice say there’s no denying that images from Hollywood and the fashion industry can be difficult for young women to deal with. “Certainly I don't believe the modeling industry has caused the rise in eating disorders, but it makes it harder,” she says. “It’s a difficult recovery environment, worshiping thinness as the beauty ideal.” 41. What does BMI in the first paragraph refer to? A. A measure of body health based on height and weight. B. A worldwide prize for the healthiest model. C. A new show held by those skinny models. D. A kind of medicine to cure eating disorders. 42. One benefit the new Israeli law may bring is ________. A. to change the working conditions of models B. to lower the chance of skinny models’ death C. to prevent models from suffering from eating disorders D. to provide guidance for women worshiping thinness 43. In the opinion of the critics, the law won’t succeed because . A. it misleads young women to form a bad eating habit B. the fashion industry is much too influential C. it doesn’t provide a proper approach that can work well D. it doesn’t create a healthy working environment for models 44. What caused Adatto to think that a law was needed to change the situation? A. Establishing his fashion model agent. B. Meeting an ambitious but too skinny model. C. Being interviewed by a reporter. D. Seeing a model die from eating disorders. 45. According to the passage, the new Israeli law banning skinny models is . A. practical B. acceptable C. reasonable D. controversial C Being a senior high school student, my future is always on my mind. To be exact, thoughts of the future have kept me up countless nights and made me worry enough to do poorly on more than one test. Because of this, words of wisdom are a source of comfort. Steve Jobs gave a speech to Stanford’s graduating class in 2005 and his words resound repeatedly in my mind whenever I think about my future. It started when I became a junior, when college came into view. It’s the first big step to making your life your own. So when Jobs discussed his life as a student, some fears were eased. He also felt the need to attend college to make something of himself. He faced what many are extremely afraid of: uncertainty. His lack of understanding caused him to stop attending college and focus on what he felt was important. His story had a happy ending, of course, since he certainly turned out well. This doesn’t mean that students shouldn’t attend college, but rather that they shouldn’t worry so much. You'll get where you need to go, even if your path is a bit more winding than you'd like. Jobs talked about the hardships in his work. His love of his work helped him carry on and he got where he
was meant to be, which restates the point: don’t panic. One particular part of his speech stayed with me. Steve Jobs quoted the saying “Stay hungry, stay foolish” and it has become my motto. Staying foolish is realizing that you are still a fool, no matter how much you've learned or experienced. There is always more to explore. Staying hungry is wanting to find those things about which you are still uneducated. Steve Jobs’ level of success is possible to achieve, and I aim to prove that. With the will power to go into the world living every day like it’s my last and allowing the future to take care of itself, I will do great things. In the last moments of my life, I’ll be proud of what I have done and hope to have all the wisdom a person could wish for. 46. The author felt worried when_______. A. he had to take tests at school B. he had lots of sleepless nights C. he thought about his future D. he searched for words of wisdom 47. It is suggested in Paragraphs l and 2 that________. A. the author is a college student B. the author cares much about his future C. Steve Jobs failed because of his decision D. Steve Jobs' words had no effect on the author 48. What did the author gain from Jobs’ speech? A. Courage to drop out of school. B. Confidence in defeating Jobs. C. Interest in computer industry. D. Bravery to face uncertainties. 49. Which of the following suggestions was NOT mentioned in Job’s speech ? A. Being content with what they know. B. Having the desire to learn more. C. Staying calm in the face of hardships D. Being modest so as to learn more. 50. The passage is mainly about_______. A. an experience of a speech B. the most impressive quotation in life C. a memorable meeting with Jobs D. the wisdom drawn from a speech D American teenager Thomas Cheatham had planned to study Latin during his sophomore year at Hebron High School in Texas. But when he learned that the school district was going to offer a Mandarin class, he quickly changed his mind. “I thought it (Mandarin) would be more beneficial than Latin,” said Cheatham, who is now in his second year of studying the language. He speaks Mandarin to order food at Chinese restaurants and can read Face book posts from his Chinese-speaking friends. While it’a difficult language to master, the high school junior, who plans to study computer engineering, thinks it will be a valuable thing in his career. “Chinese is a good language to know, especially with China becoming a growing power,” he said. Many experts agree that proficiency in a language spoken by a billion people worldwide will give American students an edge in the global economy. “People are looking at China as our next economic competitor, and interest in Mandarin is growing,'' said Marty Abbott, executive director of the American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages. ''We're seeing it in all parts of the country.” The number of students studying Mandarin in public schools nationwide in grades 7 through 12 grew from 20,000 in 2004-2005 to 60,000 three years later, according to the council’s most recent survey. Abbott estimates that as many as 100,000 students are now studying Mandarin, in public and private schools, throughout the nation. She said the US government has considered Mandarin to be an “important needs” language and provides professional development programs for teachers.
“Our government wants to increase our language ability for national security and economic competitiveness,” Abbott said. At the same time, the Chinese government is spreading knowledge of the Chinese language and culture through Confucius Institutes established in many states. The Confucius Institute at the University of Texas in Dallas, founded in 2007, opens Confucius Classrooms at 11 local public and private schools where more than 700 students are learning Mandarin. 51. Why does the writer mention Thomas in the passage? A. To tell us how changeable he is. B. To introduce the topic of the passage. C. To introduce his college life. D. To tell us Latin is less popular now. 52. Many experts in America agree that _______. A. Mandarin is becoming more beneficial than Latin B. Mandarin is very difficult to learn for most American students C. Mandarin will be of some help to American students in the global economy D. China is a competitor of America in culture 53. Why does Mandarin become so popular in America? A. Because Mandarin is more interesting than Latin. B. Because there are many good teachers in the Confucius Institutes. C. Because Mandarin is very helpful in the global economy. D. Because the Chinese government has tried his best. 54. From the passage we know that the Confucius Institutes _______. A. have trained 100,000 students to learn Mandarin in America B. provide professional development programs for teachers C. have been established in many states in America D. were founded in 2007 55. What does the passage mainly talk about? A. An increasing number of students in America are learning Mandarin. B. Confucius Institutes have been established in many states in America. C. Latin is less popular in America now. D. China now is becoming a growing power. E Nuclear power’s danger to health, safety, and even life itself can be summed up in one word: radiation. Nuclear radiation has a certain mystery about it, partly because it cannot be detected by human senses. It can’t be seen or heard, or touched or tasted, even though it may be all around us. There are other things like that. For example, radio waves are all around us but we can’t detect them, sense them, without a radio receiver. Similarly, we can’t sense radioactivity without a radiation detector. But unlike common radio waves, nuclear radiation is not harmless to human beings and other living things. At very high levels, radiation can kill an animal or human being immediately by killing masses of cells in vital organs. But even the lowest levels can do serious damage. There is no levels of radiation that is completely safe. If the radiation does not hit anything important, the damage may not be serious. This is the case when only a few cells are hit, and if they are killed immediately. Your body will replace the dead cells with healthy ones. But if the few cells are only damaged, and if they reproduce themselves, you may be in trouble. They can grow into cancer. Sometimes this does not show up for many years. This is another reason for some of the mystery about nuclear radiation. Serious damage can be done without the victim being aware at the time that damage has occurred. A person can be irradiated（辐射）and feel fine, then die for cancer five, ten, or twenty years later as a result. Or a child can be born weak as a result of radiation absorbed by its grandparents.
Radiation can hurt us. We must know the truth. 56. What is the most dangerous factor of nuclear power? A. Radiation B. Quantity C. Amount D. Place 57. Which of the following statements is true? A. Nuclear radiation can do harm to human beings. B. Nuclear radiation cannot do harm to human beings. C. Nuclear radiation can be detected by human senses. D. Nuclear radiation is just like common radio waves. 58. How can nuclear radiation kill an animal? A. By damaging its heart. B. By killing a few cells. C. By killing many cells in important organs. D. By hitting any place in its body. 59. Why does nuclear radiation have a certain mystery? A. Because human beings learn its harmfulness. B. Because it can do harm to a person while the victim isn't aware the damage has occurred. C. Because nuclear radiation can kill a person very easily. D. Because human beings have no effective machine in order to detect nuclear radiation. 60. If a human being is hit by nuclear radiation, he may _______. A. die of cancer after many years B. die immediately C. have a child who may be born weak D. all of the above F Nearly everyone agrees that money doesn’t buy as much as it used to, no matter when you want to spend it. This is certainly true of the paper money that passes so quickly through one’s hands. But what about coins that seem to do very little except stay in purses and pockets? Unlike notes, metal money becomes more valuable the longer it is held, especially if it is put away where it won’t get scratched or worn. Why is this? One reason is that coins, being more durable, fall more readily into a category for collectors. Naturally, the rarer gold pieces must become more valuable as the price of this metal goes up. But, curiously, one of the rarest coins in the world is not made of gold, but of the relatively cheaper silver. In 1840, the United States mint (造币厂) struck 19570 silver dollars. That is what its records show. Today only six of this original number remain and these are unlikely ever to reach the auction (拍卖) market. So what happened to some 19564 large silver coins, not the easiest sort of things to lose? One of the more romantic theories is that they were part of the payment to Napoleon for the American land then known as Louisiana. But they never reached France. Somewhere in the Gulf of Mexico, the ship transporting them was sunk, either by a storm or by pirates. The probable answer to the mystery is that they were melted down — since the silver value was greater than the actual value of the coin. What really happened to the rest will probably always remain a mystery. What is known is that whoever can come up with one will find himself instantly rich. 61. We can learn from the passage that _______. A. money buys as much as it did before B. money does not buy as much as it did before C. paper money buys more than metal money D. metal money buys more than paper money 62. Which of the following is true of a coin? A. The longer it is held, the less valuable it becomes. B. The more it wears out, the more valuable it becomes. C. The less it gets scratched, the less it values. D. The longer it lasts, the more it values. 63. According to this passage, one of the rarest coins in the world is made of _______.
A. silver B. gold C. copper D. paper 64. Coins become more valuable because _______. A. they stay in purses and pockets B. the price of metal goes up C. they fall more readily into a category for collectors due to their duration D. Both B and C 65. What really happened to some 19564 large silver coins? A. They were melted down. B. They were sunk in the Gulf of Mexico. C. It is still a mystery. D. They were stolen by pirates.
第 Ⅱ 卷（共 45 分）
第三部分 书面表达 第一节 阅读表达（共 5 小题；每小题 3 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面短文并用英语回答问题，然后将答案写到答案卡相应的位置上(请注意词数要求)。 Although known as an extraordinarily successful businessman, Warren Buffet comes off as a pretty ordinary person. Looking back on his childhood, one can see how serious he was about making money. Buffet used to go door-to-door and sell soda pop. Later, he also worked at his grandfather’s grocery store. At the ripe age of 11, Buffet bought his first stock(股票). When his family moved to Washington D.C., Buffet became a paperboy for The Washington Post