奉贤区 2015 高三英语二模试卷
第I卷 （共 103 分）
I. Listening Comprehension Section A Directions: In Section A, you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each c
onversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The conversations and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard. 1. A. an engineer. 2. A. In a hospital. C. In a supermarket. 3. A. House agent and client. C. Teacher and student. 4. A. Discouraged. B. Sad. B. A repairman. C. A teacher. D. A shop assistant.
B. At a restaurant. D. In an ice cream shop. B. Brother and sister. D. Master and apprentice. C. Happy. D. Satisfied.
5. A. He wonders which scarf the woman chose. B. He wonders what color the jacket is. C. He thinks he selected a nice scarf. D. He thinks any color goes well with the jacket. 6. A. Taking a driving course. C. Attending an Art lesson. 7. A. Help the man find the building. B. Follow the man to the exhibit. C. Assist the man to read the map. D. Show the man where to get a new map. 8. A. The actress was given a big chair to sit on. B. The actress was warmly welcomed by the audience. C. The audience was very happy when they saw the actor. D. The actress gave her performance on the chair. B. Receiving a medical treatment. D. Doing a make-up training.
9. A. He doesn’t expect to enjoy the theatre.
B. He’s sorry he can’t go with the woman. C. He thinks the theatre will be too crowded. D. He doesn’t like going to plays. 10. A. The blue light in the store is really very effective. B. The woman is mistaken about the light’s color. C. Everything looks different once it is out of the store. D. The woman has no trouble distinguishing colors.
Section B Directions: In Section B, you will hear two short passages, and you will be asked three questions on each of the passages. The passages will be read twice, but the questions will be spoken only once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard. Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following passage.
11. A. Art history class is taught only in the lecture hall. B. Mentally disabled children are taught outside the classroom. C. Professors teach children through real world experiences. D. Students quite appreciate the value of classroom learning. 12. A. To support his point of view. B. To praise the professor. C. To advise us to study psychology. D. To praise his friend. 13. A. Students learn a lot more through experiences. B. Students find great fun in slides and textbooks. C. Students develop their creativity through textbooks. D. Students get firsthand information by observation. Questions 14 through 16 are based on the following passage.
14. A. To inform visitors of the park’s history. B. To provide an overview of the park’s main attractions. C. To show visitors remote places in the park. D. To teach visitors how best to photograph wildlife. 15. A. It is easy to get lost. B. It requires enormous strength. C. It is a good group activity. D. people shouldn’t do it in winter. 16. A. There are fewer tourists.
B. The entrance fees are lower. C. The animals are more active. D. There are fewer insects. Section C Directions: In Section C, you will hear two longer conversations. The conversations will be read twice. After you hear each conversation, you are required to fill in the numbered blanks with the information you have heard. Write your answers on your answer sheet. Blanks 17 through 20 are based on the following conversation. Dream Job Future job Specific tasks Ways to qualify for the job To be a physician’s (17) _______. Check-ups, taking out stitches, or other things, but not (18) _______. Six years of (19) _______ at college, (20) ________ years at a hospital as an intern.
Complete the form.
Write ONE WORD for each answer.
Blanks 21 through 24 are based on the following conversation. Interview question from the personnel manager Reason 1 Reason 2 Reason 3 Complete the form. Why does Ms. Johnson want to (21) _______. No chance for (22) _______ in the old company. A (23) _______ in California. A rise (24) _______. Write no more than THREE WORDS for each answer.
II. Grammar and vocabulary Section A Directions: After reading the passages below, fill in the blanks to make the passages coherent and grammatically correct. For the blanks with a given word, fill in each blank with the proper form of the given word; for the other blanks, use one word that best fits each blank. A It was a cold, wet day on June 6, 2010, when 14-year-old Wasana arrived at school. Waiting outside his classroom for his classmates to arrive, Wasana stared at the rain. Then his eyes fell upon the 18-metre-high hill that stood at the back of the classroom. He noticed large amounts of rainwater flowing down the hill, and water was also bubbling at the base of a rock on the hill. For a few minutes, Wasana stared at the water, wondering __25_____ it looked so familiar. Then it hit him--the scene was similar to the video __26_____ he was shown during Disaster Management classes. __27_____ (fear) a coming disaster, he shouted
wildly at the students waiting outside their classrooms. “Run, run, don’t stay here! The rock on the hill is going to fall on us!” Chaos broke out as the students ran to the open area that __28_____ (appoint) as an emergency gathering point. When some teachers approached Wasana, he showed them the water gushing from the hill, and they started leading the students to __29_____ (safe) ground. Just then Principal Gurusinghe drove into the school. Wasana ran over to tell him what was happening. After _30_____ (examine) the site, Gurusinghe knew the school was in danger. The enormous rock at the top of the hill could come crashing down at any moment. Leading a group of teachers and older students, Gurusinghe climbed the hill and tried to make the water flow away from the rock. They were too late: ten minutes later, they heard screams as the huge rock rushed down the hill. There was little Gurusinghe and his group could do __31____ they watched the earth swallow their classrooms. __32_____ __32_____ Wasana’s quick action and careful observation, no one was hurt in the incident. B Many drivers dream of the day when they can sit back while their car drives itself. While several companies are working hard to make __33_____ a reality, self-driving cars still face many problems. Google was one of the first __34_____ (get) into this industry. It __35_____ (develop) self-driving cars since 2009, and its new driverless car is called Firely. But the driverless car is only a “fair weather friend”, the Daily Mail commented. According to the MIT Technology Review, the current driverless cars can’t react like a human driver. They can’t drive in heavy rain or snow. Chris Urmson, director of the Google car team, said that this is because the detection technology is not yet good enough to separate certain objects from weather conditions. In the cars’ eyes, raindrops and snowflakes are the same as rocks, and cars stop for them. But if the manhole （下水道入口）ahead is left __36_____ (uncover), they drive over it without hesitation. ___37____ all these problems, Urmson said driverless cars will happen more quickly than people think. But even at that time, driverless cars won’t be truly “driverless.” In the US, only when someone sits in the driver ’s seat __38_____ driverless cars allowed on roads in certain states European countries, Mexico, Chile, Brazil and Russian follow the United Nations Convention on Road Traffic. The convention used to say: “Every driver __39_____ at all times be able to control his vehicle or to guide his animals.” A change was agreed in May, allowing a car to drive itself __40_____ __40_____ __40_____ a driver is in the car and able to take the wheel at any time Section B Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need.
G. disciplining H. reputations I. pioneered
J. establishment K. necessarily
Before the 1850’s, the United States had a number of small colleges, most of them dating from colonial days. They were small, church connected institutions whose primary concern was to shape the moral character of their students. Throughout Europe, institutions of higher learning had developed, bearing the ancient name of university. The German university was concerned __41_____ with creating and spreading knowledge, not morals. Between mid-century and the end of the 1800’s, more than nine thousand young Americans, dissatisfied with their training at home, went to Germany for advanced study. Some of them return to become presidents of colleges of high __42_____ --Harvard, Yale, Columbia--and __43______ them into modern universities. The new presidents broke all ties with the churches and brought in a new kind of faculty. Professors were hired for their knowledge of a subject, not because they were of the proper faith and had a strong arm for __44_____ students. The new principle was that a university was to create knowledge as well as pass it on, and this called for a faculty composed of teacher-scholars. Drilling and learning by rote were replaced by the German method of lecturing, in which the professor’s own research was presented in class. Graduate training leading to the Ph.D., an ancient German degree __45_____ the highest level of advanced scholarly achievement, was introduced. With the __46_____of the seminar system, graduate student learned to question, __47_____, and conduct their own research. At the same time, the new university greatly expanded in size and course offerings, breaking completely out of the old, __48_____ curriculum(课程) of mathematics, classics, rhetoric, and music. The president of Harvard ___49___ the elective system, by which students were able to choose their own course of study. The notion of major fields of study emerged. The new goal was to make the university ___50_____ to the real pursuits of the world. Paying close attention to the practical needs of society, the new universities trained men and women to work at its tasks. Students were also trained as economists, architects, agriculturalists, social welfare workers, and teachers. III. Reading Comprehension Section A Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. Most American magazines and newspapers reserve 60 percent of their pages for ads. The New York Times Sunday edition __51_____ may contain 350 pages of advertisements. Some radio stations devote 40 minutes of every hour to __52_____. Then there is television. The vast majority of television ads today consist of brief advertising spots, __53_____ in length from a few seconds to several minutes. According to one estimate, American youngsters sit through three hours of television commercials each week. By the time they graduate from high school, they will have been ___54____ 360,000 TV ads. Television advertises in airports, hospital waiting rooms, and schools. Major sporting events are now major advertising events. Racing cars serve as high speed ___55____. Some athletes receive most of their money from advertisements. One top-ranking basketball player earned $3.9 million by playing ball. Advertisers paid him nine times that much
to ___56____ their products. There is no escape. Commercial ads are __57_____ on walls, buses, and trucks. They ___58____ the inside of taxis and subways --even the doors of public toilets. __59_____ messages call to us in supermarkets, stores, elevators --and __60____ we are on hold on the telephone. In some countries so much advertising comes through the mail that many recipients proceed directly from the mailbox to the nearest wastebasket to ___61____ the junk mail. ___62____ Insiders’ Report, published by McCann-Erickson, a global advertising agency, the estimated amount of money spent on advertising worldwide in 1990 was $275.5 billion. Since then, the figures have soared to $411.6 billion for 1997 and $434.4 billion for 1998. Big money. What is the __63____ of all of this? One analyst put it this way: “Advertising is one of the most powerful socializing forces in the culture. Ads sell __64____ than products. They sell images, values, goals, __65_____ of who we are and who we should be. They shape our attitudes and our attitudes shape our behavior.” 51. A. lonely 52. A. commerce 53. A. ranging 54. A. taken to 55. A. flashes 56. A. improve 57. A. symbolized 58. A. modify 59. A. Audio 60. A. since 61. A. throw away 62. A. Except for 63. A. effect 64. A. less 65. A. outlooks B. alone B. consumers B. varying B. spent in B. billboards B. promote B. illustrated B. decorate B. Studio B. while B. lay down B. Apart from B. affect B. same B. opinions C. singly C. commercials C. changing C. expected of C. attractions C. urge C. demonstrated C. polish C. Oral C. unless C. blow out C. According to C. result C. similar C. concepts D. individually D. contracts D. adjusting D. exposed to D. messages D. update D. displayed D. fix D. Video D. if D. break down D. Including in D. purpose D. more D. implications
Section B Directions: Read the following three passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read. A For four lonely years, Evelyn Jones of Rockford, Illinois, lived friendless and forgotten in one room of a cheap hotel. “I wasn’t sick, but I was acting sick,” the 78-year-old widow says, “Every day was the same. I would just lie on my bed and maybe cook up some soup.” Then, six months ago, she was invited to The Brighter Side -- Rockford’s day care center for the elderly. Every weekday morning since then, she has left her home to meet nine other old people in a church for a rich program of charity work, trips, games, and -- most important of all -- friendly companionship. Just a few years ago, there were few choices for the elderly between a normal life in their own homes and being totally confined in nursing homes. Many of them were sent to rest homes
long before they needed full-time care. Others like Mrs. Jones were left to take care of themselves. But in 1971, the White House Conference on Aging called for the development of alternatives to care in nursing homes for old people, and since then, government-supported day-care programs like The Brighter Side have been developed in most big American cities. “This represents a real alternative to the feared institution and makes old people believe they have not left the world of living”, says Alice Brophy, 64, director of New York City’s Office for the Aging, “They do well at the centers, and I hate it when people describe us as elderly playpens （婴儿扶栏）.” New York’s 138 centers encourage continuing contact for the aged with the community’s life. The centers serve more than 15,000 members, and volunteer workers are always looking for new ones. If someone doesn’t show up at the center for several days in a row, a worker at the center calls to make sure all is well. And although participation in the center is free, those who want to can pay for their lunches. No normal studies have been made of these centers for the elderly, but government officials are enthusiastic. In the future, the Public Health Service will do a study to decide if the programs can receive federal Medicare money. And the old people themselves are very happy with the programs. “There is no way”, says Evelyn Jones, smiling at her new companions at the Brighter Side, “that I will ever go back to spending my day with all those loses at the hotel.” 66. According to the passage, many old people went to the nursing homes because ______________. A. They are in urgent need of full-time care. B. They were rather willing to go there. C. They were sent there. D. They were volunteers there. 67. We can conclude from the statements of Alice Brophy that ______________. A. the centers are like elderly playpens. B. the old people do well at the day care centers. C. old people like nursing institutions. D. outside the Brighter side they don’t work for the old. 68. What’s author’s attitude towards the program of day care centers? A. pessimistic. B. concerned. C. neutral. D. optimistic. 69. What is the main idea of the article? A. Day care centers may be able to receive federal Medicare money. B. Day care centers can make life better for elderly people. C. Many old people in the United States are lonely. D. Old people have no place in their society.
B Biography Nicole Mary Kidman, AC (born 20 June 1967) is an
American-born Australian actress, fashion model, singer and humanitarian. She is also known for her marriage to Tom Cruise, to whom she was married for 11 years and adopted two children, and her current marriage to country musician Keith Urban, with whom she has two biological daughters. As a result of being born to Australian parents in Hawaii, Kidman has dual citizenship in Australia and the United States. The following is a list of movies that Kidman has been involved with. Dead Calm (1989) After starring in a number of small Australian films and TV shows, Kidman's breakthrough was in the 1989 thriller Dead Calm. It was based on the 1963 novel of the same name by Charles Williams. The film was directed by Australian filmmaker Phillip Noyce and filmed around the Great Barrier Reef. Day of Thunder (1990) Days of Thunder is a 1990 American auto racing film released by Paramount Pictures，bringing her worldwide recognition. The cast includes Tom Cruise, Nicole Kidman and Robert Duvall. This is the first of three films to star both Cruise and Kidman (the other two being Far and Away and Eyes Wide Shut). Batman Forever (1995) Batman Forever is a 1995 American superhero film directed by Tim Burton, based on the DC Comics character Batman. The plot focuses on Batman trying to stop Two-Face (Jones) and the Riddler (Carrey) in their villainous scheme to bring the city under their control. The film was released on June 16, 1995, receiving mixed reviews, but was a financial success. Moulin Rouge! (2001) Kidman’s performance in the musical Moulin Rouge! (2001) earned her a second Golden Globe Award and first Academy Award nomination for Best Actress. It tells the story of a young English poet/writer, Christian (Ewan McGregor), who falls in love with the terminally-ill star of the Moulin Rouge, cabaret actress and courtesan Satine (Nicole Kidman). The Hours (2002) Kidman's performance as Virginia Woolf in the drama film The Hours (2002) received critical acclaim and earned her an Academy Award for Best Actress and a Silver Bear for Best Actress. The plot focuses on three women of different generations whose lives are interconnected by the novel Mrs Dalloway by Virginia Woolf, who, in 1920s England, is struggling with depression and mental illness while trying to write her novel. Rabbit Hole (2010) The screenplay of Rabbit Hole is an adaptation by David Lindsay Abaire of his 2005 play of the same name. Kidman produced the project via her company, Blossom Films. The plot deals with a couple struggling to heal after the death of their young son. Kidman was critically admired for her performance as Becca Corbett and received Academy Award and Golden Globe Award. Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search 70. Which of the following statements about Nicole Kidman is true? A. Kidman has dual nationality because of being born to American parents in Australia. B. Kidman and Cruise gave birth to two children in their 11-year marriage. C. Kidman was known for TV shows before receiving recognition in motion picture industry.
D. Far and Away was the first movie Kidman stared with her ex-husband. 71. ___________ are based on the former works. A. Dead Calm, Moulin Rouge! and The Hours B. Batman Forever, Dead Calm and Rabbit Hole C. Day of Thunder, Batman Forever and The Hours D. The Hours, Batman Forever and Rabbit Hole 72. The underlined word “acclaim” has the similar meaning to ___________. A. criticism B. compliment C. complaint D. comment 73. Where can we probably find the article? A. A reference site B. A fashion magazine B. An auto-biography D. A national newspaper
C “The Heart of the Matter,” the newly-released report by the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (AAAS), deserves praise for attaching the importance of the humanities and social sciences to the prosperity and security of liberal democracy in America. Regrettably, however, the report’s failure to address the true nature of the crisis facing liberal education may cause more harm than good. In 2010, leading congressional Democrats and Republicans sent letters to the AAAS asking that it identify actions that could be taken by federal states and local governments, universities, foundations, educators, individual benefactors(捐助者) and others to maintain national excellence in humanities and social scientific scholarship and education. In response, the AAAS formed the Committee on the Humanities and Social Sciences. Among the Committee’s 51 members are top-university presidents, scholars, lawyers, judges, and business executives, as well as distinguished figures from diplomacy, filmmaking, music and journalism. The goals identified in the report are generally admirable. Because the government supports full literacy (识字) of citizens, the report stresses the study of history and government, particularly American history and American government; and encourages the use of new digital technologies. To encourage innovation and competition, the report calls for increased investment in research, the introduction of a series of curricula that improve students’ ability to solve problems and communicate effectively in the 21st century, increased funding for teachers and the encouragement of scholars to bring their learning into practice on the great challenges of the day. The report also advocates greater study of foreign languages, international affairs and the expansion of study abroad programs. Unfortunately, despite 2 years in the making, "The Heart of the Matter" never gets to the heart of the matter: the illiberal nature of liberal education at our leading colleges and universities. The committee ignores that for several decades America's colleges and universities have produced graduates who don’t know the content and character of liberal education and are thus deprived of its benefits. Sadly, the spirit of inquiry once at home on campus has been replaced by the use of the humanities and social sciences as vehicles for publicizing “progressive”.
Today, professors routinely treat the progressive interpretation of history and progressive public policy as the proper subject of study while portraying conservative or classical liberal ideas—such as free markets and self-reliance—as falling outside the boundaries of routine, and sometimes legal intellectual investigation. The AAAS displays great enthusiasm for liberal education. Yet its report may well hold back reform by obscuring(遮蔽) the depth and breadth of the challenge that Congress asked it to clarify. 74. Influential figures in the Congress required that the AAAS report on how to ___________. A. maintain people’s interest in liberal education B. define the government’s role in education C. keep a leading position in liberal education D. safeguard individuals’ rights to education 75. Which one of the following statements about what the AAAS plan suggests is true ? A. An exclusive study of American history. B. A greater emphasis on theoretical subjects. C. The application of emerging technologies. D. Funding for the study of foreign languages. 76. It can be inferred from the passage that ___________. A. professors are routinely supportive of free markets B. intellectual investigation are put great value on in college C. progressive public policy is out of boundaries of proper study D. professors have prejudice against classical liberal ideas 77. Which of the following would be the best title for the text? A. The AAAS’s Contribution to Liberal Education B. Illiberal Education and “The Heart of the Matter” C. Ways to Grasp “The Heart of the Matter”“ D. Progressive Policy vs. Liberal Education Section C Directions: Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words. All around the world, lawyers generate more hostility（敌意） than the members of any other profession—with the possible exception of journalism. But there are few places where clients have more grounds for complaint than America. During the decade before the economic crisis, spending on legal services in America grew twice as fast as inflation （通货膨胀） . The best lawyers made skyscrapers-full of money, tempting ever more students to pile into law schools. But most law graduates never get a big-firm job. Many of them instead become the kind of lawsuit filer that makes the legal system a costly nightmare.
There are many reasons for this. One is the excessive costs of a legal education. There is just one path for a lawyer in most American states: a four-year undergraduate degree in some unrelated subject, then a three-year law degree at one of 200 law schools authorized by the American Bar Association and an expensive preparation for the bar exam(律师资格考). This leaves today’s average law-school graduate with $100,000 of debt on top of undergraduate debts. Law-school debt means that many cannot afford to go into government or non-profit work, and that they have to work extremely hard. Reforming the system would help both lawyers and their customers. Sensible ideas have been around for a long time, but the state-level bodies that govern the profession have been too conservative to implement them. One idea is to allow people to study law as an undergraduate degree. Another is to let students sit for the bar after only two years of law school. If the bar exam is truly an essential enough test for a would-be lawyer, those who can take it earlier should be allowed to do so. Students who do not need the extra training could cut their debt mountain by a third. The other reason why costs are so high is the restrictive guild-like ownership structure of the business. Except in the District of Columbia, non-lawyers may not own any share of a law firm. This keeps fees high and innovation slow. There is pressure for change from within the profession, but opponents of change among the regulators insist that keeping outsiders out of a law firm isolates lawyers from the pressure to make money rather than serve clients ethically（道德上）. In fact, allowing non-lawyers to own shares in law firms would reduce costs and improve services to customers, by encouraging law firms to use technology and to employ professional managers to focus on improving firms’ efficiency. (Note: Answer the questions or complete the statements in NO MORE THAN TWELVE WORDS)
78. Students who ____________________ are tempted to take up law as their profession. 79. The underlined word them in Para. 4 refers to _______________________________. 80. In addition to shortening the allowance time to take the bar exam, the system reform should include ________________________________________________________. 81. Why is the guild-like ownership structure of the legal system considered restrictive? ____________________________________________________________________
第 II 卷（共 47 分）
I. Translation Directions: Translate the following sentences into English, using the words given in the brackets.
1、我们渴望一个没有污染的星球。( free ) 2、微风吹拂着她的头发，那小女孩注视着彩蝶在花海中飞舞。 （With… ） 3、这部最近出品的电影旨在唤起人们对贫困山区儿童的关注。 （mean ） 4、他向朋友保证在任何情况下他都不会违背做一个诚实守信人的承诺。 （ under no circumstances ） 5 、正是高三的学习经历使我们相信无论过程多么艰难，我们的努力终将会得到回报。 （ convince, pay off ）
Ⅱ.Guided writing（25 分） Directions: Write an English composition in 120—150 words. The composition must be based on the information given below. 教室是我们学生学习活动的最主要场所，简单描述你现在的教室，并发挥想象力，描述你 理想中的教室。
参考答案 第一卷 I. Listening: Section A 1-5 BBAAC Section B 11-13 CAA
Section C 17. assistant 18. surgery 21. change her/the position 23. pleasant climate
19. schooling 20. two 22. further advancement/promotion 24. in salary
Section A: 25. why 26.that/which 29. safer 30.examining 32. Thanks to/ Owing to/Because of 33. it 34. to get 37. Despite 38. are 40. as long as/on condition that Section B: 41-45 FHEGC III. Reading Section A 51-55 BCADB Section B 66-69 CBDB
27. Fearing 28. had been appointed 31. when/as/while
35. has been developing 36. uncovered 39. shall/should/must
Section C ? want to make a lot of money/ make a fortune/ earn a lot ? sensible ideas to reform the legal system ? allowing people to study law as an undergraduate degree. ? Because non-lawyers may not own any share of a law firm./ Because law outsiders are kept out of a law firm. 第二卷 I. Translation: (4’+4’+4’+5’+5’)
1. We long for a planet free of pollution. 2. With the breeze blowing through her hair, the little girl watched the colorful butterflies dancing in the sea of flowers. 3. The film released newly is meant to arouse people’s concern about the children in the mountainous area. 4. He assured his friends that under no circumstances would he break the promise that he should/would be faithful/trustworthy and honest. 5. It was the learning experience in Senior Three that convinced us that however hard the process was, our efforts would eventually pay off.