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2014高考任务型阅读常用词汇及词组转换


2014 高考任务型阅读常用词汇及词组转换
Teaching Aim: Help students to remember the words and phrases used in task-based readings to improve the grades of it . Teaching difficult points: Remember them and

use them correctly, without spelling mistakes. 归纳类常用词汇: 原因和结果:reason (for) , result; cause (of) , effect; consequence 异同点与优缺点:difference , similarity; advantage/benefit , disadvantage 功能:function 观点与态度:opinion , view (on/about) , viewpoint , idea ;attitude to/towards 评论、评价:comment (on) , remark (on/upon) , assessment 表方式、 方法: means , way , method (of) ; solution , approach ( to doing sth. ); take measures to do sth. 目的:purpose , aim , goal 积极和消极:positive ,negative; optimistic 建议: advice [u] , suggestion , tip 概括、总结: summary , conclusion 特点: feature , characteristic 种类:kind , type , category , class 精神上与身体上:mentally ,physically 影响 : influence , impact , effect (on ) 情形 ,状况 : situation,condition 建立:build , create , establish , found 出现:appear ,occur(red) 实现,完成:reach , realize , accomplish 必要,必需 : must /necessity 方面,项目条款:item / aspect 材料 : materials 知识消息:knowledge / information 日程计划 : schedule / agenda 百分比:percentage 性别 :sex 年龄 : age 满意 :satisfaction 忧虑,担忧,焦急 : concern (不)熟悉 :familiar /unfamiliar 个人,个人的: individual 细节 :description , detail 文化 : culture 责任 : (take) responsibility 贡献 : (make) contributions to 重要 : value importance significance 比较 : contrast comparison 时期 : period / time 存在 : existence exist 花费 : cost / expense 人口 : population 天气与气候 : weather[u] / climate [c] 位置 : location 主题 : theme 背景 : setting,background 情节 : plot 高潮 : climax 结尾 :ending 反对者与支持者:supporter , opponent 转换类常用句型: 1.100 years = 1 century = 10 decades 2. take advantage of = make use of 3. parental attention = with the help / aid / assistance of parents 4. oppose the move = be against the move = object to = disagree with 5. consider … = take … into consideration / account 6. at the beginning = at first 7. be responsible for = take / shoulder / bear responsibility for 8. since the beginning of human evolution = throughout human history 9. Americans have been migrating south and west for decades in search of better job opportunities.

= Americans have been migrating south and west for decades, seeking a better job. / searching /looking for a better job. 10. housing-related reasons = reasons related / linked/relevant to / connected with housing 11. take an active part in = take part in sth. actively 12. encourage participation in quiet activities = encourage children to participate in / take part in/ play a role in quite activities 13. be hooked on headphones = be addicted to headphones 14.valuable information = information of great value 15.understand clearly = have a clear understanding of sth. 16.affect = have an effect / influence / impact on sth. 17.matter = count = be very important = be of importance = make sense = make a difference 18. kills sb. = sth. costs sb. sth. = claim one’s life 19. make an apology = apologize to sb. 20.be over = end = put …to an end 21.despite = in spite of 22. share less than 2% = account for less than 2%= make up 23.online = on the Internet 24.learn good citizenship = learn to be good citizens 25.list the things that you are good at = list what / all you are good at 26.explain sth. = make an explanation 27.offer sth. to sb. = provide / supply sth. for sb. 28.besides = on top of = in addition to = apart from 29. be better than = be superior to


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