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牛津高中英语模块五 Unit 3


晨背佳作·日积月累

Unit 3

Unit 3
类型:电子邮件 话题:介绍活动计划 典例展示 Dear Mr.Smith,

Science and nature

晨背佳作〃日积月累

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I am Li Hua,chair

man of the Students’ Union,from Chenguang High School.Your students’ visiting group coming from the US will pay a visit to our school on June 26 and I was appointed to take charge of arranging all the activities on that day.My plan about these activities is as follows.

晨背佳作·日积月累

Unit 3

On the morning of your arrival,we will show you around our school and introduce our most advanced science lab to you.1Then a discussion will be held,which may cover such topics as school life,cultural differences and so on, aiming to improve mutual understanding.At noon,we will have a gettogether in our school’s dining hall.To let you know more about our traditional customs and culture,we will prepare dumplings and noodles as main food.2In the afternoon , you together with some of our student representatives are going to visit the Haihe River and enjoy the beautiful scenery there.After that, will end your visit you to our school.

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晨背佳作·日积月累

Unit 3

What do you think of the plan?Can you give me some advice on how to make your visit to our school more interesting and impressive? I am looking forward to your reply. Yours sincerely, Li Hua (2011· 天津卷)

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晨背佳作·日积月累

Unit 3

佳句变式 范文中的划线句子可改为如下句式: 1.The moment you arrive,you will be shown around our school and our most advanced science lab will also be introduced to you. 2.We will serve dumplings and noodles as main food so that you can know more about our traditional customs and culture.

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基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 3

基础梳理〃授之以渔
Ⅰ.词汇与派生 A 联想记忆法 1.consequence n.结果,后果→ as 为人 3.majority n.多数,大多数→ in the majority 占多数 4.consideration n.仔细考虑;必须考虑的因素;体谅,顾 及→take ... into consideration 考虑?? a consequence 所以 2.conduct vt.实施;指挥乐队→conduct

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oneself 表现;

基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 3

5.hunger n.饥饿;饥荒→go

hungry

挨饿

6.tasty adj.美味的,可口的→have a taste

for 喜欢??

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7.reliable adj.可依赖的,可依靠的→rely on 依赖?? 8.brief adj.短时间的,短暂的;简单的,简洁的→ in brief 简单地说 9. favour n. 赞同, 支持; 恩惠, 帮助; 偏爱, 偏袒→ in favour of 支持 10. permission n. 准许, 批准, 许可→ without 未经允许→ask for permission 请求允许 permission

基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 3

B

构词记忆法 adv.精确地 v.打算 adj.忧虑的

1.exact adj.精确的,准确的→ exactly

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2.intention n.意图,目的;企图→ intend 3.anxiety n.忧虑,焦虑,不安→ anxious 的

4.adopt vt.收养,领养;采用,采纳→adopted adj.被领养 5.transform vt.使改变外观或性质(尤指向好的方向);使改 变形态→ transformation 的→ frightened n.彻底改观 adj.令人害怕 6.frighten vt.使惊吓,使惊恐→ frightening adj.感到害怕的

基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 3

C 语境助记法 With the permission of his family members and relations, the surgeon conducted an operation on him.The result confirmed the doctor’s original conjecture.He had suffered cancer and some kind of tissue had been damaged, which brought anxiety and fright to his family.Actually, this kind of disease can not be cured at present.No doubt this was a catastrophe to this family.

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基础梳理·授之以渔
学情自测 A.用括号中所给词的适当形式填空

Unit 3

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intention (intend) of going to the wedding. 2.After three months we noticed a total transformation
1.I have no (transform) in his behavior. 3. Careful consideration (consider) should be given to issues of health and safety. 4. They’ve increased the number of staff and consequently (consequence) the service is better. 5.In the nursing profession,women are in the majority (major).

基础梳理·授之以渔
B.将左栏的单词和右栏的释义结合起来 1.favour 2. majority 3.Conduct 4.adopt 5.exact

Unit 3

A.most of the people or things in a group B. decide to start using a particular idea, to plan or method C.done, made or described in a very thorough way, with all the details correct D.sth. that you do for sb. in order to help them E.to do sth. in an organized way

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答案 1.D 2.A 3.E

4.B 5.C

基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 3

Ⅱ.短语与拓展 1.push ahead with 努力推进,义无反顾地进行 push aside 抛开;忘掉 2.be/get burnt out 耗尽体力,累垮 be worn out 筋疲力尽 give out 筋疲力尽 3.follow in one’s footsteps 效仿某人 follow one’s advice 听从某人的建议

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基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 3

4. in favour of 赞同,支持

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do sb. a favour 帮某人一个忙
5. in general 一般情况下;总的来讲 6.show respect for 尊敬??

in respect of/with respect to 关于;至于
7.comment on 对??评论

make a comment on 对??作出评论 8.defend ... from/against 保卫??;防御??

基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 3

学情自测 选词填空 with respect to, in general,comment on, in favour of, push ahead with 1.They are pushing ahead with plans to expand production. 2.Those in favour of now. 3.I don’t feel I can comment on their decision. 4. In general , the standard of your work is very high. 5.The two groups are very similar with respect to age. the motion, please raise your hands

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基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 3

Ⅲ.经典课文原句 1.Science is developing

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faster than we can even think

about it (甚至比我们能够想像的都要快). 2.Scientists have announced that they have cloned the first human embryo (他们已克隆出第一个人类胚胎). 3. Although he researches cloning (虽然他研究克隆),his
intention has never been to create copies of humans.

基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 3

4. Even though human cloning is causing a lot of anxiety (尽管人类克隆正引起许多担忧), is good news for Faye it Wilson,a 41year- saleswoman who cannot have a old baby. 5. The first mammal

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to be cloned successfully from an

adult cell (成功的用成年动物细胞克隆出的) was Dolly
the sheep. 6. I had the chance, would clone her immediately If I 起).

so

that I could be with her again ( 以便我 能再次和她在一

基础梳理·授之以渔
7.

Unit 3

When reading articles about science

(当读关于科学

方 面的 文章 的时 候 ), we often come across difficult scientific terms. 8.Cloning can be used to cure diseases

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because it can

produce new tissues (因为它能制造新的人体组织). 9. This is the organ that controls the rest of the organs, just

like the headmaster controls the school
理学校一样).

(就像校长管

10.After all, even though Dolly looked the same as a normal sheep, she was not healthy and died young (死时很年 轻).

基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 3

Ⅳ.教材与高考 ( 教 材 原 句 )If I had the chance, I would clone her immediately so that I could be with her again. (2011· 京 , 30)Maybe if I 北 A.studied C.had studied science, and not literature then, I would be able to give you more help. B.would study D.was studying

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基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 3

命题思路 答案选 C 项。 考查 if 引导的非真实条件句。 在非 真实条件句中,如果与现在事实相反,从句用一般过去时, 主句用 would/could/should/might+do(动词原形)形式;若与 过 去事实 相反 ,从句 用过去 完成时, 主句用 would/could/should/might+have done 形式;若与将来事实 相反,从句可用三种形式:即过去时,should+动词原形, were to+动词原形,主句用 would/could/should/might + do(动词原形)形式。此题从句与过去事实相反,主句与现在 相反。

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基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 3

变式训练

John went to the hospital alone.If he B.tells D.had told

D

me

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about it, I would have gone with him. A.should tell C.told
解析

句意为:约翰独自去了医院。如果他告诉我的话,我

会跟他一起去的。前一句是陈述语气,说明动作发生在过去, 而且后一句的主句已经是 would have gone 说明是与过去事实 相反的虚拟语气。与之对应的从句结构应该用“had +过去 分词”。

基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 3

Ⅴ.单元语法自测——动词的分词形式 用括号内词的分词形式翻译一个意义相似的句子 1.If you use it properly, this gadget is quite effective.(used)

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Used properly, this gadget is quite effective.
2. We’ve been invited to the wedding, so we’ve decided to go.(invited) Invited to the wedding, we’ve decided to go. 3.I didn’t have much money, so I couldn’t buy a ticket. (having) Not having much money, I couldn’t buy a ticket.

基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 3

4.I waited hours, and then I was told to come back the next day.(having)

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Having waited hours, I was told to come back the next day.
5. In view of what’s happened, I think you’ve been proved right.(considering)

Considering what’s happened, I think you’ve been proved right.

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

高频考点〃深度探究
重点单词 1.adopt v.to take sb. else’s child into your family and become its legal parent(s)收养;领养;to start to use a particular method or to show a particular attitude towards sb./sth.采用(纳);采取 an adopted son 养子 adopt an approach/a strategy/a policy 采用某方法/战略/ 政策

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

(1)A year later came our second adopted boy. (2011· 天津,阅读 B) 一年后,我们收养了第二个男孩。 (2)They’ve been forced to adopt stricter rules. 他们被迫采取了更为严厉的规定。 (3)The young couple had no children of their own and

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adopted an orphan. After a few months, the child came to adapt to his new life.
这对年轻夫妇没有亲生孩子,领养了一名孤儿。几个月过 后这个孩子渐渐适应了他的新生活。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

2.consequence n.a result of sth. that has happened 结果; 后果;importance 重要性 in consequence=as a consequence=as a result 结果; 因 而 in consequence of=as a consequence of=as a result of 由于,因为?? take the consequences of 承担后果 be of no consequence 不重要

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

(1)And these social phenomena can have very personal consequences. (2) In consequence of forced to dismiss you. 由于你的懒惰和粗野,我不得不辞退你。 (3)This poses a threat to agriculture and the food chain, and consequently to human health. 这会对农业和食物链造成威胁,由此而危及人的健康。 (2010· 北京,阅读 C) 所有这些社会现象都会对个人产生一定的后果。 your laziness and rudeness, I am

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

3.conduct v.to organize and/or do a particular activity; to direct a group of people who are singing or playing music 组织;安排;指挥;to behave in a particular way 举止; 表现; person’s behavior in a particular place or in a n.a particular situation 行为;举止 conduct an experiment/an inquiry/a survey 进行实验/询 问/调查 conduct oneself 举止,表现 conduct sb. to...引领某人到??

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

(1)Experiments of this kind had been conducted in both the U.S.and Europe well before the Second World War. (2011· 北京,21) 早在第二次世界大战之前,这种实验就在美国和欧洲进行 过了。 (2)I think he

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conducted himself

well, considering the

difficult circumstances. 考虑到那种困难的情况,我认为他的表现很好。 (3)The guide conducted us around the ruins of the ancient city.导游引导我们游览了古城遗迹。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

4.majority n.the largest part of a group of people or things 大部分;大多数 in a/the majority 占大多数 have a majority over sb.战胜某人 by/with a majority of 以大多数??赢得?? major in 主修??

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注意 数。

the majority 作主语时,谓语动词可用单数也可用复

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

(1)Onethird of the country is covered with trees and the majority of the citizens are black people. 多数市民都是黑人。 (2)The majority was/were in favor of the proposal. 大多数人赞成这个建议。 (3)He won the seat (2011· 湖南,26) 这个国家的森林覆盖面积占国土面积的三分之一,并且大

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by/with a majority of

71 votes.

他以 71 票的优势赢得了该席位。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

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5.frighten v.to make sb. suddenly feel afraid 使惊吓;使 愕然 frighten sb./sth. away/off 把某人(物)吓走 frighten sb. into/out of doing sth.吓唬某人做/不做某事 be frightened of...害怕?? be frightened to do...吓得不敢做某事

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

(1)The plane was the noisiest one I had ever been in,but I wasn’t frightened—I was really just looking forward to the experience. 怕,我只是盼望着这次经历。 (2)He frightened the old lady into signing the paper. 他恐吓老太太签了字。 (3)The little girl was frightened that her mother wouldn’t come back. 那小女孩害怕妈妈不再回来。 (2011· 北京,阅读 A) 那架飞机是我坐过的飞机中噪音最大的,但我一点也不害

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

6.transform v.to make sb.or sth.completely different, usually in a way that makes them more attractive,easier to use,etc.彻底改变;改造;改善 transform...into...把??变成?? transform...from...从??中转变、转化 change sth.into=turn sth.into 把??变成
注意 质。 transform 指在根本上改变人或物的外表、形态或性

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

(1)For five days,Edmonton’s Downtown Park is transformed into one huge stage where artists are able to share their talents,and where people are able to celebrate and enjoy themselves. (2011· 福建,阅读 B) 五天里,埃德蒙顿市中心公园改造成了一个巨大的舞台,艺 术家们能够在那里分享他们的才华,人们能够在那里庆祝和 娱乐。 (2)In only 20 years the country has been

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transformed into

an advanced industrial power. 这个国家只用了 20 年时间就变成了一个先进的工业强国。 (3)In recent years his ideas have undergone a complete transformation. 近年来他的观念有了彻底的改变。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

7.confirm v.to state or show that sth. is definitely true or correct, especially by providing evidence 证实;证明;to make a position,an agreement,etc. more definite or official;to establish sb./sth. firmly 批准;确认;认可 confirm sb. as...批准某人担任?? It is confirmed that...确定??;证明??

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

(1). explaining that we still had to run lots of tests and that .., it was by no means confirmed that he had cancer. (2011· 湖北,阅读 A) ??,我向他解释说我们还要进行许多检查,现在丝毫不 能证明他得了癌症。 (2)He was confirmed as captain for the rest of the season. 他被正式任命在这个赛季剩下的时间内担任队长。 (3)The walk in the mountains confirmed his fear of heights. 在山里步行使他更加确信自己有恐高症。

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

8.anxiety n. the state of feeling nervous or worried that sth.bad is going to happen 焦虑;a worry or fear about sth.担心;a strong feeling of wanting to do sth.or of wanting sth.to happen 渴望 with anxiety 焦虑地 anxious adj.焦虑的;担忧的;渴望的;急切的 be anxious about sth.为某事忧虑,担心 be anxious for sth.渴望某事 be anxious to do...渴望做??,急于做??

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

(1)We had an anxious couple of weeks waiting for the results of the experiment. (2008· 四川, 14) 我们焦急地度过了几周,等待着实验结果。 (2)He is very anxious about the results of the exam. 他很担心考试的结果。 (3)I’m

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anxious for

mother’s return.

我急切盼望妈妈回来。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

对点自测 Ⅰ.语境填词 adopt , consequence , conduct , majority , frighten , transform,confirm,anxiety 1.Among the members of the team those who are for the plan are in the

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majority

. the bald hill into one

2.I am very anxious 3.Their efforts have

about my son’s health.

transformed

covered with green trees all over.

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

4.It has been confirmed next week.

that the meeting will take place

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5.He threatened the intruders with a gun and frightened them off. 6.She was forced to have her baby adopted . 7.He

conducted

himself far better than expected.

8.She has lived in France, and as a consequence speaks French fluently.

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

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Ⅱ.单项填空 1.This treatment is not available in A.most C.the most

D

of hospitals.

B.majority D.the majority

解析 句意为: 大多数医院不采用这种治疗方法。 majority the of hospitals=most of the hospitals。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

2. suggestion has been His of the world. A.adopting C.adapted

B

by people in many parts (2012· 南通高三调研)

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B.adopted D.adapting

解析 句意为:他的建议已被世界许多地方的人所采纳。主 语和动词之间是被动关系, 排除 A、 项, D “采纳”是 adopt, 故正确答案为 B。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

3.—What a

B

scene on the stage! .

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—Yeah, we girls were really A.frightened;frightened B.frightening;frightened C.frightening;frightening D.frightened;frightening

解析 frightening 令人害怕的,多修饰物;frightened 感到害 怕的,多形容人。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

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4.The young athlete hurt his foot in the race. missed the chance to get the gold medal. A.Consequently C.Absolutely B.Unfortunately D.Interestingly

A

, he

解析 句意为:这个年轻的运动员比赛中伤了脚,结果,他 错过了得金牌的机会。consequently 因此,结果,符合题意。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

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5 . It is high time that the old educational systems were

C

. B.dismissed D.conveyed

A.moved C.transformed

解析 句意为:到了旧的教育体制改变的时候了。transform 改变,变化,符合题意。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

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6. Please bring something with you that identity. A.confirms C.explains
证实,符合题意。

A

your

B.says D.desires

解析 句意为:请带上能证明你身份的东西。confirm 证明;

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

7.A longterm study

D

by the medical school shows

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that babies of smoking mothers will be less healthy than those of nonsmoking mothers. A.performed C.managed B.undergone D.conducted

解析 “由??主持、进行工作”,用 conduct,conduct 有 “组织,指挥”的意思。A、B、C 不与 study 搭配。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

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8.My mother always gets a bit when we say we will. A.anxious C.weak

A

if we don’t arrive

B.ashamed D.patient

解析 句意为:如果我们说来而没来,妈妈总是会担心。故 选 A 项。ashamed 惭愧的;weak 虚弱的;patient 耐心的。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

短语与句式 1.on the other hand 另一方面;反过来说 (1)on (the) one hand...,on the other (hand)...(引出不 同的,尤指对立的观点、思想等)一方面??,另一方面 (却)?? (2)first(ly)...;second(ly)...第一??;第二?? (3)for one thing..., for another ...一则??,二则??

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

(1)On the other hand,the more customers are promised,the greater the risk of disappointment. (2011· 浙江,阅读 C) 另一方面,对顾客许诺的越多,失望的风险就越大。 (2)I want to go to the party,but on the other hand I ought to stay studying. 我想去参加聚会,但从另一方面来说,我应该留下来学习。 (3) On (the) one hand I want to sell the house,but on the

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other (hand)

I can’t bear the thought of moving.

一方面我想把房子卖掉,但另一方面我又不能忍受搬家。

高频考点·深度探究
易混辨析 on (the) one hand...,on the other (hand)...;for 一试身手 (1)I don’t want to go to the supermarket. For one 名师指津

Unit 3

one thing...,for another...

本 课 栏 目 开 关

thing , have no time; (1)on (the) one hand...,on I for I another, have no money. the other (hand)...常表达 (2) On (the) one hand 相矛盾的两方面。
I am happy to be her (2)for one thing... , for boyfriend,but

on the

another...陈 述 的 两方 面情

other (hand) I want to 况常一致。
be free from taking care of her.

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

写作句组——满分作文之佳句 a. First(ly), covers both national and international news so it that , by simply turning the pages , I can learn all important things that have happened during the week. (2011· 全国Ⅱ) b.For one thing,bicycles don’t need any petrol and they are energysaving. (2011· 江西) c.On one hand,I have to return the book I borrowed last week.On the other hand,I need to do some shopping. (2009· 全国Ⅱ)

本 课 栏 目 开 关

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

本 课 栏 目 开 关

2.be/get burnt out 耗尽体力,累垮 burn...to the ground 把??烧成平地 burn...to death 把??烧死 burn down 烧毁;(火)渐渐烧完,变小 burn oneself/sb. out 耗尽体力;累垮

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

本 课 栏 目 开 关

(1)Even if recycling targets are met, there will still be a large amount of rubbish to be burnt up. (2011· 湖北,阅读 C) 即使达到回收目标,仍然会有大量的垃圾被烧毁。 (2)The house was burnt to the ground. 房子被全部烧成了平地。 (3)You’ll

burn yourself out

if you work so hard.

你这样拼命工作,会把身体搞垮的。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

3.in favour of 赞成,主张 favour n.帮助;好事;恩惠;赞同 ask a favour of sb.求某人帮一个忙 do a favour for sb.=do sb. a favour 帮某人一个忙 in one’s favour 对某人有利 favourable adj.赞成的;有利的,有帮助的 favourite adj.最喜欢的;n.最喜欢的人或物

本 课 栏 目 开 关

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

(1)At present,one of the arguments in favour of the new airport is that it will bring a lot of jobs to the area. (2009· 江西,28) 目前,赞成建新机场的理由之一是它将会给本地区带来大 量的就业机会。 (2)Was he

本 课 栏 目 开 关

in favour of

the plan?

他赞成这个计划吗? (3)Do me a favour and turn the radio down while I’m on the phone, will you? 劳驾,我在打电话时你把收音机的声音调小点好吗?

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

4.take sth. into consideration 考虑到某事物

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consider vt.考虑;认为
in consideration of 考虑到;由于

under

consideration 在考虑中

consider doing sth.考虑做某事 consider+wh+to do sth. ?adj./n. consider+ ? ?to be 把??认为/看作?? 宾语+ ?as... ?

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

(1)I decided that I would consider going back to singing in restaurants. 我决定我将考虑回餐馆去唱歌。 (2)We must take the weather (2011· 浙江,完形)

本 课 栏 目 开 关

into consideration

first

when climbing mountains. 爬山时,我们首先必须考虑的是天气。 (3)The proposal you came up with is under consideration. 你的提议正在考虑之中。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

本 课 栏 目 开 关

思考题:有关 consider 的常用句型: It is considered that...

=Sb. is considered to...人们认为某人……

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

本 课 栏 目 开 关

5.‘I don’t want to adopt someone else’s child—if I had the chance , I would have a cloned baby right now.’“我不想领养别人的孩子——如果我有这个机 会,我会立即要一个克隆婴儿。 句式提取:虚拟语气在条件句中的运用

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

条件从句

结果主句

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If I (we, you, he, I (we,you,he, she,it,they)+ 与现在事 she,it,they)+ 动 词 过 去 式 (be 实相反 would/could/mig 动 词 一 般 用 ht+动词原形 were) If I (we, you, he,I (we,you,he, 与过去事 she, they) had she,it,they)+ it, 实相反 + 动 词 的 - 形 would have 动词 ed 式 的- 形式 ed

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

A 式:If+主语 +动词过去式 B 式:If+主语 与将来事 + were to +动 实相反 词原形 C 式:If + 主 语 + should + 动 词 原形 I (we,you,he, she , it , they) +would/could/ might+动词原 形

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注意:条件句中有 were,had,should,could 时,可以省略 if, 而把 were,had,should,could 放在主语前,用倒装结构。这 种用法主要用于书面语中。

高频考点·深度探究
(1)—John went to the hospital alone.

Unit 3

—If he had told me about it,I would have gone with him. (2010· 江苏,34) ——John 自己一个人去医院了。 ——John 若是告诉我他要去医院的话,我就跟他一起去了。 (2)If the weather had been nice yesterday, would havegone we for the picnic. 如果昨天天气好的话,我们就去野餐了。(事实是昨天天气很 坏。) (3)If I were you,I would teach him a good lesson. 我若是你,我就要好好教训他一顿。

本 课 栏 目 开 关

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

6.Other people argue that such thinking may cause a catastrophe , unless we start to look around and understand how a clean environment benefits us all. 其他人则争辩说,这样的思维也许会引起灾难,除非我 们现在就全面思考并理解一个清洁的环境能够造福人类 的道理。 句式提取:...unless...

本 课 栏 目 开 关

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

(1)unless 是从属连词,意为“除非,如果不”,引导条件状 语从句, 含有否定意义, 相当于 if 条件状语从句的否定形式, 即 unless=if not。 (2)unless 和 if 引导条件状语从句时和其他时间状语从句一 样,用一般现在时代替一般将来时。 (3)unless 与 if...not 意思相近,常可通用,但 unless 不能用于 虚拟语气句。

本 课 栏 目 开 关

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

(1)Yes,but people these days say that you are not a real Australian unless your ancestors arrived as prisoners. (2011· 江西,阅读 A) 是的,但是现在人们说,除非你的祖先是作为囚犯来到这 里的,要不然你不是一个真正的澳大利亚人。 (2)Don’t promise anything unless you’re 100 percent sure. 不要作任何的承诺,除非你有百分之百的把握。 (3)She would have died if the doctors had not saved her. 如果医生不救她的话,她就死了。

本 课 栏 目 开 关

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

对点自测 Ⅰ.选词填空 on the other hand, burnt out, favour of, be in take sth. into consideration 1.The building was burnt out in a big fire. 2.I’m all

本 课 栏 目 开 关

in favour of

equal pay for equal work.

3.Food here is cheaper than that in Britain,but clothing,

on the other hand ,is dearer. 4.Your teachers will take your recent illness consideration
when marking your papers.

into

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

本 课 栏 目 开 关

Ⅱ.完成句子 1.欧文不会吃任何东西,除非他自己做的。 Owen wouldn’t eat anything

unless he cooked it

himself .
2.如果他早来几分钟,他就见到我了。

If he had come a few minutes earlier , he would have
met me.

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

Ⅲ.单项填空 1.—Why didn’t you buy the gold ring? —I

本 课 栏 目 开 关

A

,but I didn’t have the money. B.bought D.had bought

A.would have C.would like to
解析

句意为:——你为什么不买那枚金戒指?——我想

买,但我没钱。该句是与过去事实相反的虚拟语气,完整形 式:If I had the money,I would have bought it.。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

本 课 栏 目 开 关

2.Don’t ask me to explain understand. A.unless
解析

A
C.if

you really don’t (2012· 南京月考) D.when

B.until

句意为:不要让我解释,除非你真的不明白。unless

连词,意为“除非”。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

本 课 栏 目 开 关

3.Most of them were against it. A.in honor of C.in search of

B

my opinion while David was B.in favour of D.in member of

解析 句意为:他们中大多数人支持我的看法,然而大卫却 反对。in favour of 支持、赞成,与 against 相对。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

4.He considered A.to drop;took

B

medicine and

up the

本 课 栏 目 开 关

pen in order to do more for the people. B.dropping;taking C.dropping;to take D.to drop;take
解析 consider doing sth.为固定结构;and 前后为并列成分, 所以选 B 项。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

5.I would like a job which pays more,but the work I’m doing at the moment. A.in other words B.on the other hand C.for the thing D.as a matter of fact

B

I enjoy

本 课 栏 目 开 关

解析 句意为:??,但是另一方面,我喜欢我目前正在做 的工作。on the other hand 另一方面。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

本 课 栏 目 开 关

6.The fire is burning please. A.up C.away

B

;add some more coal to it, B.down D.out

解析 根据后句 add some more coal to it 可知,火快烧完了, 故用 burn down 表达此意。

写作提升·步步为赢

Unit 3

写作提升〃步步为赢
描述社会现象 描述社会现象是高考的热门题型, 在写作中通常是运用 “举出个例”指出在一类、一些事物中一个或几个例子,以 此来说明某个现象的存在。举例时,通常是在一个复数名词 后,用介词 such as (诸如??之类的,例如),有时用 like(例 如)等列出其中的具体个例(名词或动名词)。 虽然 for example 有时也引出表示具体个例的名词,但多用来引出句子、段落 或动词不定式等,相当于“举证”,即举个事例来证明前面 所陈述的观点。

本 课 栏 目 开 关

写作提升·步步为赢

Unit 3

一、套语背诵 1. Nowadays, energy can be obtained through various sources such as oil, coal, natural gas, solar heat, wind the and ocean tides. 现在,能源可以通过多种渠道获得,如:油、煤、天然 气、太阳能、风和海潮。 2.After class we enjoy all kinds of activities,such as doing sport,doing experiments or surfing the Internet. 课后,我们尽情地享受各种活动,如:做运动、做实验 或上网。

本 课 栏 目 开 关

写作提升·步步为赢

Unit 3

3.This program will cover topics like history,education, scenic spots,foods and famous people. 这项活动将涉及诸如历史、教育、景观、食物和著名人 物的主题。 4 . Middle school students from all over Guangzhou performed all kinds of programs,like English songs, English short plays and English stories. 来自广州的中学生表演了各种各样的节目,如:唱英语 歌曲,演英语短剧和讲英语故事。

本 课 栏 目 开 关

写作提升·步步为赢
二、结尾常用句型

Unit 3

1.In short,changes in our life in the past twenty years have brought us comfort and convenience. 总之,在过去 20 多年中我们生活的变化给我们带来了舒适 和方便。 2.In a word,people now have an easier life today. 总之,人们现在的生活更加方便了。 3.I suggest the government take immediate measures to solve the problem of pollution to improve the environment. 我建议政府应立刻采取措施解决污染问题,改善环境。 4.To conclude,we highly object to the project. 总之,我们非常反对这个项目。

本 课 栏 目 开 关

写作提升·步步为赢
三、常用写作模板

Unit 3

There is currently a widespread concern over (the issue that) (作文题目).It is really an important concern to every one of us. (危害),which is becoming increasingly serious.As a result, we must spare no efforts to take some immediate and effective measures to solve this problem. Personally,there are many steps which can be taken to undo (解决) this problem.First of all, (途径一),which/because....Secondly, (途径二). addition, In another way contributing to success of solving the problem is (途径三).

本 课 栏 目 开 关

写作提升·步步为赢

Unit 3

四、范文欣赏:关于网购 Shopping on the Internet is becoming very

本 课 栏 目 开 关

popular.People can shop for a variety of products on it.For example,on the Internet,people can buy various physical products like books,CDs,clothes,etc.They can also buy information products such as online news and stories at the same time.They can download computer softwares from the Internet.What’s more,services such as booking airline tickets or hotel rooms are also available on the Internet.

写作提升·步步为赢

Unit 3

本 课 栏 目 开 关

Internet shopping has many advantages,of which the most obvious one is convenience,for the online shops are open 24 hours a day.It is often cheaper to buy goods on the Internet.However,we can’t actually see the products we want or check their quality.

语篇图解·答题策略

Unit 3

语篇图解〃答题策略
七、推理判断题(Ⅲ) 技巧点拨 5.内容推理题 这类题目要求考生推断后续或之前的内容。判断后续内 容时,应明确文章最后所说明的问题,这类题目往往在最后 一段中有暗示。也有后续内容是对整篇文章的总结,这就需 要考生准确把握全文的写作中心。而判断之前的内容时,应 明确文章第一段的话题及得出此话题的基础。

本 课 栏 目 开 关

语篇图解·答题策略
典例 1

Unit 3

Saudi Arabia’s attempts to grow wheat in desert

areas have seen the pumping of huge quantities of irrigation water from underground reserves.Because there is no rainfall in these areas , such reserves can only decrease,and it is believed that fifty years of pumping will see them run dry. 74.What is most likely to be discussed in the paragraph that follows? A.Steps to improving water use management. B.Ways to reduce the costs of building dams. C.Measures to deal with worldwide water shortages. D.Approaches to handling the pressure on water supply.

本 课 栏 目 开 关

语篇图解·答题策略

Unit 3

解析

推理判断题。该段为全文的末段,讲述了沙特阿拉伯

本 课 栏 目 开 关

人为了能在荒漠地区种植作物而大量抽取地下水资源用于 灌溉。与此同时,该地区又没有雨水,因此长期这样下去的 结果便是地下水资源被耗尽。既然预测到了可能的结果,下 段中即将阐述的应是如何对水资源的使用进行有效的管理, 以防止出现不良后果,故 A 项正确。
答案 A

语篇图解·答题策略

Unit 3

典例 2 F.Scott Fitzgerald,born on September 24,1896, an American novelist , was once a student of St.Paul Academy,the Newman School and attended Princeton University for a short while.In 1917 he joined the army and was posted in Alabama,where he met his future wife Zelda Sayre.Then he had to make some money to impress her. ...

本 课 栏 目 开 关

语篇图解·答题策略

Unit 3

However,Fitzgerald’s problems with his wife Zelda affected his writing.During the 1920s he tried to reorder his life,but failed.By 1930,his wife had her first breakdown and went to a Swiss clinic.During this period he completed novels Tender Is the Night in 1934 and The Love of the Last Tycoon in 1940.While his wife was in hospital in the United States,he got totally addicted to alcohol.Sheila Graham , his dear friend,helped him fight his alcoholism.

本 课 栏 目 开 关

语篇图解·答题策略

Unit 3

59 . The passage is probably followed by a concluding paragraph about

D

.

本 课 栏 目 开 关

A.Zelda’s personal life B.Zelda’s illness and treatment C.Fitzgerald’s friendship with Graham D.Fitzgerald’s contributions to the literary world
解析 推理判断题。本文按时间顺序讲述了美国小说家菲茨 杰拉德的生平,包括其个人经历及文学作品等。文章最后应 当总结前文,总结身为小说家的他在文学方面所作的贡献。 故 D 项正确。

语篇图解·答题策略
6.文体出处题

Unit 3

这类题目要求考生推断所选文段可能来自何处。对于这 种题目,通常要“五看”:一看内容,抓住文章的中心;二 看文体,判断是新闻、日记还是广告等;三看对象,明确文 章是给谁写的;四看语言,看语言是否正式;五看材料,看 文章中专业词汇多还是少,有无数据分析等。 典例 3 This brief book is aimed at high school students,

本 课 栏 目 开 关

but speaks to anyone learning at any stage of life. ... These are small points,though,and don’t affect the main discussion.I recommend it to any student and any teacher,including the selftaught student.

语篇图解·答题策略

Unit 3

本 课 栏 目 开 关

66.This passage can be classified as A.a news report C.a book review

C

.

B.a feature story D.an advertisement

解析 推理判断题。本文是作者对一本书的介绍以及评价, 应该归为书评一类,故选 C 项。

语篇图解·答题策略

Unit 3

典例 4

Closing Date for Applications:4th August 2010

Anticipated interview date:17th August 2010 No agencies please 60.In which column of a newspaper could we find this advertisement? A.Arts. B.Sales. C.Jobs. D.News.

本 课 栏 目 开 关

解析 推理判断题。由关键词 applications,interview 可知, 该广告为招聘启事,故应出现在报纸上的 Jobs 一栏中。
答案 C

语篇图解·答题策略

Unit 3

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语篇图解·答题策略

Unit 3

本 课 栏 目 开 关

语篇图解·答题策略

Unit 3

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语篇图解·答题策略

Unit 3

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