普陀区 2014 学年第二学期高三英语质量调研
（考试时间 120 分钟 试卷满分 150 分）
第 I 卷 （共 103 分）
I. Listening Comprehension
Section A Short Conversations Directions: In Section A, you will hear ten
short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The conversations and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to the questions you have heard. 1. A. At the department store. C. At the railway station. 2. A. A student. B. At the airport. D. At the furniture store. B. A secretary. C. A teacher. D. A boss.
3. A. She expected more people at the party. C. She has always enjoyed great popularity. 4. A. It is 4:10 now. B. It is 4:20 now. 5. A. Mark was too busy to call the man.
B. She enjoys entertaining small children. D. She threw a surprise party for her friend. C. It is 4:50 now. D. It is 4:40 now.
B. The man saw Mark on the street two months ago. C. The woman had forgotten Mark‘s phone number. D. Mark and the woman hadn‘t been in touch for long. 6. A. The library is closed on weekends. C. He had no idea where the book was. 7. A. The houses for sale are at high price. B. The man is unwilling to look at the houses on sale. C. The houses are too expensive for the couple to buy. D. The housing sellers provide free trips for potential buyers. 8. A. The man no longer smokes. B. The man is under pressure from his wife. C. The man usually follows his wife‘s advice. D. The man refuses to listen to his doctor‘s advice. 9. A. The man made a mistake about the date of the appointment. B. The man wants to change the date of the appointment. C. The man is glad he‘s got in touch with the doctor.
B. He was not allowed to check out the book. D. He didn‘t get the book he needed.
D. The man can‘t come for the appointment at 4:15. 10. A. The man is worried about his future. B. The two speakers are at a loss what to do now. C. The two speakers will graduate from the college. D. The woman regrets spending her time doing nothing. Section B Directions: In Section B, you will hear two short passages, and you will be asked three questions on each of the passages. The passages will be read twice, but the questions will be spoken only once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard. Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following passage. 11. A. A professional diver. C. A telephone operator. B. A rescuer on the Golden Gate Bridge. D. A guard on the Golden Gate Bridge.
12. A. Someone has fallen off the bridge. B. Someone on the bridge is being attacked. C. Someone is threatening to destroy the bridge. D. Someone on the bridge is attempting to kill himself. 13. A. Call the mother to come right away. B. Try to communicate with them first. C. Help them to get out of their misery. D. Remind them that they have children to take care of. Questions 14 through 16 are based on the following passage. 14. A. The standards for being fit vary from person to person. B. A healthy lifestyle is a must for being fit. C. We may not know how fit we are without tests. D. Personal goals are more important than needs to decide whether one is fit. 15. A. It is more accurate. C. It is less enjoyable. B. It is more flexible. D. It is less effective.
16. A. An accountant who can be as physically fit as an athlete. B. The importance of three basic factors concerning fitness. C. New concept of fitness and its essential factors. D. Some sports with significant training effect. Section C Directions: In Section C, you will hear two longer conversations. The conversations will be read twice. After you hear each conversation, you are required to fill in the numbered blanks with the
information you have heard. Write your answers on your answer sheet. Blanks 17 through 20 are based on the following conversation. Complete the form. Write NO MORE THAN ONE WORD for each answer. Old-fashioned General Stores The shopkeeper knew all his regular customers personally. The shop was not only a center of buying and selling but also a __18__ meeting place. There were very few problems in __20__. element. The manager has to get his huge staff to work __19__. He must be ready for any emergency that may appear. Blanks 21 through 24 are based on the following conversation. Complete the form. Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer. Changing Rooms Why did the woman want to change her room? Why didn‘t the hotel provide the woman the room she booked? Why didn‘t the woman accept the man‘s suggestion? What did the man do finally? She booked a double room with a beach view, but was provided one with __21__. There were only __22__ with the beach view left. She thought it was too __23__ in rooms with a city view. He promised to give the woman __24__ back. Supermarkets Shopping today seems to lack that __17__
II. Grammar and Vocabulary Section A Directions: After reading the passages below, fill in the blanks to make the passages coherent and grammatically correct. For the blanks with a given word, fill in each blank with the proper form of the given word; for the other blanks, use one word that best fits each blank. (A) Good ideas often start with really silly questions. Bill Bowerman was making breakfast one day. As he stood there making waffles (华夫饼干) for his son, he wondered what would happen if he poured rubber (25)____ his waffle iron. Later, he tried it and the result looked something like the bottom of most sports shoes we see today. Still, when he took this idea to several existing shoe companies, he was laughed at. In fact, every single company turned him down. Though rather discouraged, Bowerman persevered and went on (26)____ (form) his own company, making NIKE athletic shoes. Sometimes good ideas grow out of frustration. When Fred Smith was a student at Yale University, he needed to have some paperwork (27)____(deliver) across the country the next day. Smith was amazed to find out that overnight delivery was impossible. He sat for a long while
(28)____ (wonder) why. Why couldn‘t there be a reliable overnight mail delivery service? He decided to design one. Smith did just that and turned his design into (29)____ class project. His business professor gave him only a C for his efforts. However, Smith was not through. He improved the ideas in that class project and eventually turned (30)____ into one of the first and (31)____ (successful) overnight mail services in the world—FedEx. We know today, of course, that each of these ideas led to an incredibly successful product or service (32)____ has changed the way many of us live. The best questions are usually open-ended and are often silly. Children aren‘t afraid to ask such questions, but adults frequently are. Think how different the world might be (33)____ people never asked ―silly‖ question! (B) A lot of people in the world today are used to working, going on holiday, and having money—but many of them aren‘t happy. Yet other people seem to be really happy, (34)____ ____ they are poor, or have no job, or are surrounded by problems. Why? Professor Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi, from the University of Chicago, has interviewed thousands of people who have a happy life to find out how they do it. ―I (35)____ (study) happiness for over 30 years,‖ says Csikszentmihalyi. ―My interest in the subject came from my own experience as a child during World War II, when I saw many adults destroyed by the terrible events. But there were always a few who kept their courage, helped others, and were able to give a sense of purpose and meaning to their lives. I wanted to find out how a person (36)____ build a fulfilling and enjoyable life.‖ In general, his research showed that people were unhappy doing nothing. The professor stresses that happy people don‘t waste time, either at work or when they‘re free. “Many people feel the time that they spend at work or at school wasted. But often their free time (37)____ (waste) as well. Many people are used to doing passive things—watching television, for example—without (38)____ (use) any skills. As a result, life goes past in a series of boring experiences.‖ But it doesn‘t have to be this way. The professor has found that people are happy when they get into (39)____ he calls ―flow‖. When people get very involved in a task that they have chosen, and which is well-defined and challenging, they experience ―flow‖, a situation (40)____ they don‘t notice time passing. People who are not used to happiness can learn how to be happy, says the professor, if they constantly get into “flow” states. Is happiness as easy as that? Perhaps it is. Section B Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need. A. case F. variety K. share
B. experience G. declining
C. growing H. remain
D. dominant I. problematic
E. exclusion J. contribution
The world faces a future of people speaking more than one language, with English no longer seen as likely to become __41__, a British language expert says in a new analysis. ―English is likely to __42__ one of the world‘s most important languages for the foreseeable future, but its future is more __43__ and complex—than most people appreciate,‖ language researcher David Graddol said. He sees English as likely to become the ―first among equals‖ rather than having the global field to itself. ―Speakers, who only use English, of any __44__ of English—American or British—will __45__ increasing difficulty in employment and political life, and are likely to become confused by many aspects of the society and culture around them,‖ Graddol said. The __46__ of the world‘s population that speaks English as a native language is decreasing, Graddol reported in an issue of the journal Science. The idea of English becoming the world language to the __47__ of others ―is past its sell-by date,‖ Graddol said. Instead, he said, its major __48__ will be in creating generations who use more than one language. A multilingual(使用多种语言的) population is the __49__ in much of the world and is becoming more common in the United States. Indeed, the Census Bureau reported last year that nearly one American in five speaks a language other than English at home, with Spanish leading, and Chinese __50__ rapidly. The diversity of language, in turn, has helped to make English the nation‘s official language. III. Reading Comprehension Section A Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. GM (转基因) crops are debatable. On one hand, some farmers and scientists feel that GM crops can make the world a __51__ place. If bioengineers can create crops that are resistant to insects, __52__, then they won‘t have to worry about insects destroying plants. In the __53__ of insect damage, crops can grow to feed the poor and hungry. Genetic engineering can create plants with other desirable properties as well. Plants that don‘t require much water, that can live even in times of drought, can help prevent the widespread __54__ that would occur if people have nothing to eat. It‘s easy to see why many people believe that GM crops will help the world meet the difficult __55__ that it will face as more and more people need to be fed. But not everyone thinks bioengineering is a good idea. Other people are __56__. They mistrust the claims made and don‘t believe that biotechnology is without __57__. The possible dangers include harming the ecosystem—the inter-related community of plants and animals and bacteria that __58__ the Earth. They __59__ that changing plants can harm our environment, and damage to our surroundings can hurt us. One danger is that GM crops can transfer their characteristics to other plants. Plants that reproduce by spreading their pollen (花粉) in the wind can possibly fertilize wild plants, making them more __60__ to control. Another problem is that GM plants might be a source of allergens (过敏源). This seems __61__, but in the process of making GM foods, genes are transferred that are known to cause problems for some people. Allergic reactions can __62__ from coughing and sneezing to death.
Indeed, people hold very different opinions about __63__. While some people look forward to crops that will not rot during the trip to market, others claim that we will ruin our cropland and destroy what we are trying to save. While some people look forward to crops that can __64__ droughts, others claim that contact with GM plants can pollute other crops, making them __65__ for use. For some people, GM crops are the hope of the future; for others, they are a poison that will harm or destroy our farmland. 51. A. worse 52. A. in no way 53. A. absence 54. A. war 55. A. challenge 56. A. knowledgeable 57. A. control 58. A. turn up 59. A. ensure 60. A. temperate 61. A. inevitable 62. A. suffer 63. A. bioengineering 64. A. cause 65. A. efficient Section B Directions: Read the following three passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read. (A) You carry a 1.3 kg mass of fatty material in your head that controls everything you will ever do. This fantastic control center lets you think, learn, create, and feel emotions. It also controls everything your body does. What is this amazing machine? It‘s your brain—a structure so amazing that the famous scientist James Watson called it “the most complex thing we have yet discovered in our universe.‖ Imagine your kitten jumped onto the kitchen counter, and was about to step onto a hot stove. You would have only seconds to act. In situations like this, your brain reads the signals from your eyes and quickly calculates when, where and at what speed you need to run to save her. Then it tells your muscles to move. No computer can match your brain‘s great ability to download, process, and react to the flood of information from your eyes, ears and other sensory organs. If a bee lands on your foot, sensory neurons(神经元) in your skin send this information to your brain at a speed of more than 240 kilometers per hour. Your brain then uses motor neurons to send a message back to your foot: Shake the bee off quickly! Motor neurons can send this
B. better B. by all means B. appearance B. poverty B. specification B. supportive B. risks B. make up B. worry B. difficult B. inaccessible B. arise B. allergens B. reduce B. expensive
C. less healthy C. for example C. case C. starvation C. standard C. ignorant C. criteria C. give up C. deny C. efficient C. unavoidable C. start C. drought C. stand C. unfit
D. more peaceful D. by contrast D. effect D. robbery D. principle D. suspicious D. doubts D. take up D. demand D. enjoyable D. unlikely D. range D. future D. change D. possible
information at more than 320 kilometers per hour! Your brain contains about 100 billion tiny cells: neurons—it would take you more than 3,000 years if you tried to count them all. Whenever you dream, laugh, think, see or move, tiny chemical and electrical signals are racing between these neurons along billions of tiny neuron pathways. Believe it or not, the activity in your brain never stops. Countless messages fly around inside it every second, like a super-fast game of table tennis. Your neurons create and send more messages than all the phones in the entire world. And although a single neuron generates only a tiny amount of electricity, all your neurons together can generate enough electricity to power a light bulb. 66. By ―the most complex thing‖, James Watson means ______. A. a supercomputer B. the universe C. human brains
D. our emotions
67. Which of the following statements is true according to the 2 and 3 paragraph? A. Brains can download more information than any computer. B. The kitten plays an important role in testing human brain power. C. Motor neurons in human brains serve to send countless messages. D. Your brains can use neurons to send messages back faster than bees‘. 68. The author mentions ―to power light bulbs‖ (Para. 4) to show ______. A. neurons can send lots of messages B. how many active tiny cells brains contain C. how much electricity brains can generate D. there is countless information in the brain 69. What is the main idea of the passage? A. Powerful brain is a wonderful machine. B. Brains work well in controlling body movements. C. Brain is the most complex structure in the universe. D. Human brains are composed of numerous neurons. (B) Read the following car rental agreement of Avis and answer the questions. Kindly indicate your return km reading, fuel gauge(计量器) reading, date and time, and return this envelope, with your keys, to the rental counter.
Document number Return km reading Return fuel gauge √ Return date E 1/8 1/4 3/8 1/2 5/8 3/4 7/8 F Return time
Safe Driving in South Africa
DRIVER’S LICENCE When driving, you must be in possession of your driver ‘s licence at all times. SEAT BELTS The law requires that you wear seat belts at all times. DRIVING In South Africa, driving is on the left-hand side of the road. SPEED LIMITS Generally 60 km/hr in built-up areas, 100 km/hr in rural areas and 120 km/hr on highways. PETROL Petrol is available 24 hours per day. Unleaded (无铅) petrol should be used in Avis cars. Credit cards are not accepted for the payment of petrol. SAFETY For your own safety, keep your doors locked while driving. LOCK UP Shut windows and lock all doors and the boot when leaving the vehicle unattended. VALUABLES Do not leave personal belongings such as cell phones and valuables in your vehicle. They are not covered by our insurance. TYRES Avis undertakes that on delivery of the vehicle to the driver, the condition of the tyres will be agreeable to the laws and the tyre pressure in accordance with the vehicle manufacturer‘s specifications(说明书) for ―normal use‖. It is the responsibility of the driver to ensure that both the condition and inflation(膨胀) of the tyres are appropriate throughout the course of the rental. It is the responsibility of the driver to inspect the condition of the tyres at the beginning of the rental and to make adjustments to the tyre pressure to take into account such factors as the number of passengers, mass of luggage, environment temperatures, speed and road condition. ROAD MAPS Maps of Southern Africa, including city and regional maps, can be found in a copy of the Avis Inbound magazine, in each vehicle or at the Avis Customer Service Center. More extensive area maps are obtainable from the Automobile Association (AA) and South African Tourism. 70. The passage is intended for ______. A. car renters C. insurance sellers B. traffic police D. automobile mechanics
71. The driver should _________ according to the rules about tyres. A. make the tyre condition agreeable to the laws B. adjust tyre pressure with many factors considered C. work out the vehicle manufacturer‘s specifications
D. be responsible for driving safety and road condition 72. What information hasn‘t been mentioned in the leaflet? A. The speed limit in different areas. B. The requests of giving cars back to Avis. C. The ways to keep personal possessions safe. D. The instructions to fix flat tyres on the road. (C) Today‘s workplace is unique in history. Never before have we seen people working together who represent such different backgrounds and experiences. This difference of age, race, gender, and work style makes it very difficult to organize and run a company. As a result, companies are looking for individuals who can manage a wide range of employees effectively. Increasingly, managers are discovering that age differences among workers are a major cause of concern. This has been an important realization. The management difficulties and challenges have led some experts to study intergenerational differences for an understanding of problems in the workplace. What they have discovered is interesting and may provide ways of improving working conditions in companies that employ individuals from different generations. The first thing to realize, they say, is that differences of opinion about the importance of work and how to get work done are not a coincidence. That is, it is not an accident that young employees will be different from older employees. In fact, if employers do not pay attention to these differences, it is possible that anger will build up between people and lead to difficulties in the company. Resentment (仇恨) between members of different generations, if not attended to, can lead to extreme anger and unhappiness and even lasting enmity if people are not careful. That individuals from different generations should come to view each other as if they were from different sides of warring countries should not be surprising. It is natural for individuals from the same generation to form alliances (联盟), to come together for protection. Different generations represent different experiences in life, and these lead naturally to different opinions about oneself and one‘s approaches to work. If you were raised in a time of plenty, when products were readily available and relatively inexpensive, you would believe that prosperity is natural and expectable. If, on the other hand, you were raised in a time of scarcity, you would always be careful not to waste things for fear you would not have enough. You would make angry people who seem to believe that problems will always solve themselves. Such optimism in the face of difficulties would be a source of unhappiness between you and them. It is difficult, in such circumstances, to achieve a happy, agreeable atmosphere in the workplace. 73. What most possibly makes it difficult to organize or run a company? A. Employees are in different generations. B. Employees are of different backgrounds. C. Employees work in different styles.
D. Employees are in different races. 74. Employers should pay attention to ______ if they want to avoid anger between employees. A. the different understanding of problems in the workplace B. the different views on value of work and working methods C. the different generations of employees in the workplace D. the different ways of expressing anger in the company 75. The word ―enmity‖ is closet in meaning to ______. A. hatred B. sorrows C. ignorance D. forgiveness 76. What can be inferred from the passage? A. Employees in some companies regard each other as mere enemies. B. Employees‘ attitudes towards life are related to the time when they grow up. C. Employees who are raised in a time of scarcity tend to be angry with others. D. Achieving a harmonious atmosphere in the workplace is the main task for employers. 77. What does the writer mainly talk about in the passage? A. Employees should be cooperative and friendly with each other. B. It is difficult for employers to have workers work in a friendly way. C. The weakness of human nature causes the anger between employees. D. The generational differences cause the disharmony among employees. Section C Directions: Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words. Dolphins have been declared the world‘s second most intelligent creatures after humans, with scientists suggesting they are so bright that they should be treated as “non-human persons”. Studies into dolphin behavior have highlighted how similar their communications are to those of humans and that they are brighter than chimpanzees. These have been backed up by anatomical (解剖学) research showing that dolphin brains have many key features associated with high intelligence. Recently, a series of behavioral studies has suggested that dolphins, especially species such as the bottlenose, whose brains weigh about 5lb, could even be brighter than chimps, which some studies have found can reach the intelligence levels of three-year-old children. The studies show how dolphins have distinct personalities, a strong sense of self and can think about the future. It has also become clear that dolphins are “culture” animals, meaning that new types of behavior can quickly be picked up by one dolphin from another. In one study, Diana Reiss, professor of psychology at Hunter College, City University of New York, showed that bottlenose dolphins could recognize themselves in a mirror and use it to inspect various parts of their bodies, an ability that had been thought limited to humans and great apes. In another, she found that they also had the ability to learn an elementary symbol-based language. Other research has shown dolphins can solve difficult problems, while those living in the wild cooperate in ways that imply complex social structures and a high level of emotions. In one recent case, a dolphin rescued from the wild was taught to tail-walk for three weeks in a
dolphinarium (海豚宫) in Australia. After she was released, scientists were astonished to see the trick spreading among wild dolphins who had learnt it from the former captive (被俘的). Such observations have prompted questions about the brain structures of dolphins. Researchers have found that brain size varies hugely from around 7oz for the small species to more than 19lb for the sperm whales, whose brains are the largest on the planet. Human brains, by contrast, range from 21lb-4lb. When it comes to intelligence, however, brain size is less important than its size relative to the body. oz: an ounce in weight (1oz=28g) lb: a pound in weight (1lb=454g=16oz) (Note: Answer the questions or complete the statements in no more than twelve words.) 78. The which in the 2nd paragraph refers to _________. 79. What do bottlenose dolphins do to make Diana Reiss believe they are ―culture‖ animals? 80. The spreading of tail-walk shows wild dolphins have _________. 81. What is the main factor that decides the level of intelligence according to the last paragraph?
第 II 卷
（共 47 分）
Directions: Translate the following sentences into English, using the words given in the brackets. 1、学校里约半数的学生热衷于玩手机游戏。(keen) 2、事实证明，你尝试的越多，就越有可能提前取得成功。(the more…) 3、他从没像现在这样渴望得到父母的理解和支持。(Never?) 4、自从有了互联网，消费者足不出户就可以轻松买到各种心仪的商品。(access) 5、鉴于日趋严重的环境污染，政府正呼吁市民合理处理废旧电池。(appeal)
II. Guided Writing
Directions: Write an English composition in 120–150 words according to the instructions given below in Chinese. 假设你学校两种学习安排：一是学校为学生安排解答困惑或补习知识遗漏点，二是鼓励 学生自己学习解决困难。你会选择哪一种学习方式？请结合实际情况，举例并说明你选择的 理由。
普陀区 2015 高三二模英语试卷 参考答案
1. B 2. C 11. B 12.D 17. personal 21. a garden view 评分标准： 1. 1-10 题，每小题 1 分。 2. 11—16 题，每小题 2 分。 3. 17—24 题，每小题 1 分。19 题填写 efficient 扣 0.5 分，21 题填写 garden view 不扣分，22 题填写 single room 不扣分，23 题填写 noise 扣 0.5 分，24 题填写 fifteen dollar 不扣分。 25. into 26. to form 27. delivered 28. wondering 31. most successful 32. that/ which 33. if 34. even though 35. have been studying/ have studied 38. using 39. what/ something 40. where 评分标准： 1. 25—40 题，每小题 1 分。 2. 拼写错误扣 1 分。 3. 第 34 题，两空格只写正确一空扣 1 分 41. D 42. H 43. I 44. F 45. B 46. K 47. E 48. J 49. A 50. C 29. a 30. them 3. C 4. B 13.B 14.A 18. social 22. single rooms 5. D 6. D 15.B 16.C 19. efficiently 23. noisy 7. B 8. A 9. A 10. C
20. management 24. (the) 15/fifteen dollars
36. could 37. is wasted
评分标准： 41—50 题，每小题 1 分。 51. B 52. C 53. A 54. C 55. A 56. D 61. D 62. D 63. A 64. C 65. C 评分标准： 51—65 题，每小题 1 分。 66. C 67. C 68. C 69. A 70. A 71. B 72. D 73. A 74. B 75. A 76. B 77. D 评分标准：66—77 题，每小题 2 分。 78. chimps 79. Inspecting various parts of their bodies and learning an elementary symbol-based language. Inspecting their bodies and learning a symbol-based language. 57. B 58. B 59. B 60. B
80. complex social structures and a high level of emotions. 81. The brain size relative to the body. 评分标准： 1. 78—81 题，每小题 2 分。 2. 内容正确，语法正确，得 2 分。 3. 内容正确，语法虽有错误，但不影响理解，得 2 分。 4. 内容正确，语法重大错误，影响部分理解，得 1 分。 5. 第 79 题，内容缺失，即只回答出一部分（inspecting their bodies 或 learning a symbol-based language）扣 1 分。 6. 第 80 题，内容缺失，即只回答出一部分（complex social structures 或 a high level of emotions）扣 1 分。 6. 第 81 题，回答内容不完整（如：the brain size）扣 1 分。 7. 即使语法正确，但是内容错误，扣 2 分。 8. 答案超过规定字数 12 词，扣 2 分。
1、学校里约半数的学生热衷于玩手机游戏。(keen) Around half of the students in school are keen on playing games in cell phones. 评分标准：满分 4 分 Around half of the students(1) in school(0.5) are keen on(1) playing games(1) in cell phones(0.5). 2、事实证明，你尝试的越多，就越有可能提前取得成功。(the more…) It is proved that the more you try, the more likely you are to achieve success in advance. 评分标准：满分 4 分 It is proved that(1) the more you try(0.5), the more likely you are(1) to achieve success(1) in advance(0.5). 3、他从没像现在这样渴望得到父母的理解和支持。(Never…) Never before has he been so eager to receive parents‘ understanding and support as he is now. 评分标准：满分 4 分 Never before(0.5) has he been(1) so eager to(0.5) receive parents‘ understanding and support(1) as he is now(1). 4、自从有了互联网，消费者足不出户就可以轻松买到各种心仪的商品。(access) Since there came the Internet, customers have had easy access to various goods they like at home. 评分标准：满分 5 分 Since there came the Internet(1), customers(0.5) have had easy access to(2) various goods(0.5) they like(0.5) at home(0.5).
5、鉴于日趋严重的环境污染，政府正呼吁市民合理处理废旧电池。(appeal) In terms of the increasingly serious environmental pollution, the government is appealing to citizens to deal with the used batteries properly. 评分标准：满分 5 分 In terms of / Owing to/ Because of(1) the increasingly serious environmental pollution(1), the government(0.5) is appealing to citizens(1) to deal with the used batteries(1) properly(0.5). 假设你学校两种学习安排：一是学校为学生安排解答困惑或补习知识遗漏点，二是鼓励 学生自己学习解决困难。你会选择哪一种学习方式？请结合实际情况，举例并说明你选择的 理由。 评分标准： 1、本题总分为 25 分，其中内容 10 分，语言 10 分，组织结构 5 分。 2、评分时应注意的主要方面：内容要点、应用词汇和语法结构的数量和准确性以及上下文的 连贯性。 3、评分时，先根据文章的内容和语言初步确定所属档次，然后对照相应的组织结构档次给予加分。 其中，内容和语言两部分相加，得 15 分或以上者，可考虑加 4-5 分，15 分以下者只能考虑加 0、1、2、3 分。 4、词数少于 70，总分最多不超过 10 分。 档次 A B C D E 各档次给分要求： 内容部分 A．内容充实，主题突出，详略得当。 B．内容较充实，能表达出作文要求。 C．内容基本充实，尚能表达出作文要求。 D．漏掉或未能写清楚主要内容，有些内容与主题无关。 E．明显遗漏主要内容，严重离题。 语言部分 ? 具有很好的语言表达能力，语法结构正确或有些小错误，主要因为使用了较复杂结构或 词汇所致。
内容 9—10 7—8 5—6 3—4 0—2
语言 9—10 7—8 5—6 3—4 0—2
组织结构 4—5 3 2 1 0
? ? ?
有一些语法结构和词汇方面的错误，但不影响理解。 语法结构与词汇错误较多，影响了对内容的理解。 语法结构与词汇的错误很多，影响了对内容的理解。
组织结构部分 ? ? ? 自然地使用了语句间的连接成分，全文流畅结构紧凑。句子结构多样，词汇丰富。 能使用语句间连接成分，全文流畅结构紧凑。句子结构多样，词汇较丰富。 能使用简单的语句间连接成分，全文内容连贯。句子结构有一定的变化，词汇使用得 当。 ? ? 尚能使用语句间连接成分，语言连贯性较差，句子结构单调，词汇贫乏。 缺乏语句间的连接成分，语言不连贯。词不达意。
整体作文分类得分 A类 20—25 分 B类 16—19 分 C类 12—15 分 D 类7 — 11 分 E类 4—6 分
普陀区 2014 学年第二学期高三英语质量调研 听力文稿
听力测试现在开始 I. Listening Comprehension Section A Directions: In Section A, you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The conversations and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard. （Pause 3 seconds） 1. M: Excuse me, where is the gate for Flight 851 to San Francisco? W: It‘s upstairs, Gate 15. Q: Where does this conversation most probably take place? （Pause 5 seconds） 2. M: Could you please explain the assignment for Monday, Miss Smith? W: Certainly. Read the next chapter in your textbook and come to class prepared to discuss what you‘ve read. Q: Who is the most probably the woman? （Pause 5 seconds） 3. W: There were more than a hundred people at Kate‘s birthday party. How come she‘s got so many friends? M: It‘s really no surprise. You know she was popular even when she was a child. Q: What does the man imply about Kate? （Pause 5 seconds） 4. W: Oh, my God！It is four fifty already. And I still have these letters to type. M: Don‘t worry. That clock is half an hour fast. You still have forty minutes to finish them. Q: What do we learn from this conversation? （Pause 5 seconds） 5. M: I ran into our friend Mark yesterday on the street, and he said he hadn‘t heard from you for two months. W: Yes, I know. But I‘ve been too busy to phone him. Q: What can be inferred from the conversation? （Pause 5 seconds） 6. W: Did you find the book for your reading assignment in the library? M: It closed before I got there. I had no idea that it closes so early on weekends. Q: What does the man mean? （Pause 5 seconds） 7. M: This article is nothing but advertising for housing developers. I don‘t think the houses for sale are half that good.
W: Come on, Brian. Why so negative? We‘re thinking of buying a home, aren‘t we? Just a trip to look at the place won‘t cost us much. Q: What can be inferred from the conversation? （Pause 5 seconds） 8. W: So you‘ve finally listened to your wife‘s advice and given up smoking? M: It was my doctor ‘s advice. I‘m suffering from high blood pressure. Q: What do we learn from the conversation? （Pause 5 seconds） 9. W: Hello, this is Dr. Gray‘s office. We‘re calling to remind you of your 4:15 appointment for your annual checkup tomorrow. M: Oh, thanks. It‘s a good thing you called. I thought it was 4:15 today. Q: What do we learn from the conversation? （Pause 5 seconds） 10. W: I just can‘t believe this is our last year. College is going by fast. M: Yeah. We‘ll have to face the real world soon. So, have you figured out what you‘re going to do after you graduate? Q: What do we learn from the conversation? （Pause 5 seconds） Section B Directions: In Section B, you will hear two short passages, and you will be asked three questions on each of the passages. The passages will be read twice, but the questions will be spoken only once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard. （Pause 3 seconds） Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following passage. Larry Smith is one of the rescuers on the Golden Gate Bridge. His job is to save people who attempt to jump into the sea. If the telephone rings at three in the morning, he knows it‘s trouble. Someone is threatening to kill himself. Larry will get his things ready, and in no time he‘ll be out the door and heading to the spot. “If you aren‘t too late,‖ Larry says, ―you climb out onto the cold steel and try to talk to the poor man, and pull him anyhow back to safety. Many lives can be saved when he arrives just in time. But if you fail, if the person jumps into the bottomless pool, there‘s no describing how helpless you feel. Often, would-be jumpers are driven to despair and see no hope out of their misery. The trick is to open channels of communication with them. Following are some tricks that have worked: ?If you‘re going to jump, at least give me your mom‘s phone number so I can call and tell her. Or, that‘s a nice watch, if you‘re going to jump, can I have it?‘ Sometimes, all it takes is the voice of the human being who cares.‖ Larry estimates he has rescued about thirty people in his ten years of service. Please listen again. Questions: 11. What is Larry‘s job? （Pause 5 seconds） 12. What will probably happen if Larry‘s phone rings at 3 o‘clock in the morning?
（Pause 5 seconds） 13. What does Larry Smith usually do to stop someone from jumping off the bridge? （Pause 5 seconds） Questions 14 through 16 are based on the following passage. Today, I would like to talk about the new concept of Fitness. What exactly is fitness? How do you know whether you are fit? Under the Old Fitness, this question is answered by taking a few tests and comparing your performance to the“standard” . The New Fitness leaves every individual to arrive at his or her own answer, based on individual need, personal goals and different life styles. The New Fitness definition is more flexible: you are fit if you can work effectively all at your normal task; if you have enough energy left at the day‘s end to invest in leisure activities; and if you have the strength to deal with an unexpected physical emergency—running a block to catch a bus, for instance, or rearrange all your furniture. By this definition, a healthy, physically fit accountant would not be in the same shape as a healthy, physically fit athlete. But there‘s no need to be. Fitness can be divided into three basic factors: endurance, strength and flexibility. Of the three, endurance is the factor that is most often regarded as the key indicator of fitness. And the exercises which build endurance have the greatest effect on your overall health. The exercises which can provide you with training effect include jogging, swimming, bicycling, walking, rowing, rope-skipping, hiking, cross-country skiing and vigorous games of baseball, handball and soccer. Please listen again. Questions: 14. Which of the following statements is true according to the new concept of fitness? （Pause 5 seconds） 15. In what way is the New Fitness definition different from the old one? （Pause 5 seconds） 16. What is the report mainly about? （Pause 5 seconds） Section C Directions: In Section C, you will hear two longer conversations. The conversations will be read twice. After you hear each conversation, you are required to fill in the numbered blanks with the information you have heard. Write your answers on your answer sheet. （Pause 3 seconds） Blanks 17 through 20 are based on the following conversation. W: Today we are very glad to have Mr. Black here, who is a director of a supermarket. And he will talk about old-fashioned general stores and supermarkets. Good morning, Mr. Black. M: Good morning, Mrs. White. W: What is the change of the old-fashioned general store? M: It is fast disappearing. W: Is this a pity? Why? M: Yes, it is, because shopping in supermarkets today seems to lack that personal element that existed while the shopkeeper in general store knew all his regular customers personally. He could, for instance, remember which brand of tea Mrs. Smith usually bought or what sort of
washing-powder Mrs. Jones preferred. The shop was not only a center of buying and selling but also a social meeting place. W: How many assistants might a good general store have employed? M: Four or five. And there were very few problems in management. But since the supermarket has replaced the general store, the job of the manager has changed completely. W: Why do you say so? M: Because he has to deal with a staff as many as a hundred, to carry out an inspection of his store, to give advice and make decisions and to get his huge staff to work efficiently. W: What else does a manager have to do? M: He must be ready for any emergency that may appear, for example, a fire, a fight, a flood, a birth and a death. W: Now, let‘s answer the call from our listeners. Please listen again. Complete the form. Write NO MORE THAN ONE WORD for each answer. （Pause 5 seconds） Blanks 21 through 24 are based on the following conversation. M: May I help you, Madam? W: Yes, I‘m sorry to trouble you, but I would really like to change my room. M: I‘m sorry to hear that. What‘s the problem? W: We booked a double room with a beach view at 1000 dollars per night, but the room we were given has a garden view. And you know that rooms with the beach view are 15 dollars higher than ones with the garden view, don‘t you? M: Yes, I see your point. But Madam, there are only single rooms with the beach view left. W: What? It‘s your mistake – you have to do something about it! M: How about changing a room with a city view? It‘s the same price as the room with the beach view. W: I appreciate that, but I‘m really not crazy about a city view. The room would probably be noisy at night, with all that traffic outside. M: OK. What do you think if we give you the 15 dollars back? W: That sounds great. Please listen again. Complete the form. Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer. （Pause 5 seconds）