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2013年3月份百题精练(1)英语 Word版含答案( 2013高考)


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2013 年 3 月份百题精练(1) 英语试题
第二部分 阅读理解 (共 25 小题。第一节每小题 2 分,第二节每小题 1 分;满分 45 分) 第一节 阅读下列短文,从每题后所给的四个选项(A、 B、 C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。 A An idea that sta

rted in Seattle's public library has spread throughout America and beyond. concept is simple: help to build a sense of community in a city by getting everyone to The read the same book at the same time. In addition to encouraging reading as a pursuit to be enjoyed by all, the program allows strangers to communicate by discussing the book on the bus, as well as promoting reading as an experience to be shared in families and schools.The idea came from Seattle librarian Nancy Pearl who launched(发起)the "If All of Seattle Read the Same Book " project in 1998.Her original program used author visits, study guides and book discussion groups to bring people together with a book, but the idea has since expanded to many other American cities, and even to Hong Kong. In Chicago, the mayor appeared on television to announce the choice of To Kill a Mockingbird as the first book in the "One Book, One Chicago" program.As a result, reading clubs and neighborhood groups sprang up around the city.Across the US, stories emerged of parents and children reading to each other at night and strangers chatting away on the bus about plot and character. The only problem arose in New York, where local readers could not decide on one book to represent the huge and diverse population . This may show that the idea works best in medium-sized cities or large towns, where a greater sense of unity can be achieved.Or it may show that New Yorkers missed the point, putting all their energy and passion into the choice of the book rather than discussion about a book itself. Nancy points out that the level of success is not measured by how many people read a book, but by how many people are enriched by the process.or have enjoyed speaking to someone with whom they would not otherwise have shared a word. 41.What is the purpose of the project launched by Nancy? A.To encourage people to read and share. B.To invite authors to guide readers. C.To involve people in community service. D.To promote the friendship between cities.

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42.Why was it difficult for New Yorkers to carry out the project? A.They had little interest in reading. B.They were too busy to read a book. C.They lacked support from the local government. D.They came from many different backgrounds. 43.The underlined words “shared a word” in Paragraph 5 probably mean _______. A.discussed the meaning of a word B.exchanged ideas with each other C.gained life experience D.used the same language 44.According to Nancy, the degree of success of the project is judged by _______. A.the careful selection of a proper book B.the growing popularity of the writers C.the number of books that each person reads. D.the number of people who benefit from reading. B The teacher who did the most to encourage me was, as it happened, my aunt. She was Myrtle C.Manigault, the wife of my mother’s brother Bill.She taught in second grade at all-black Summer School in Camden, New Jersey. During my childhood and youth, Aunt Myrtle encouraged me to develop every aspect of my potential, without regard for what was considered practical or possible for black females. liked to I sing; she listened to my voice and pronounced it good.I couldn’t dance; she taught me the basic dancing steps.She took me to the theatre — not just children’s theatre but adult comedies and dramas — and her faith that I could appreciate adult plays was not disappointed. My aunt also took down books from her extensive library and shared them with me.I had books at home, but they were all serious classics.Even as a child I had a strong liking for humor, and I’ll never forget the joy of discovering Don Marquis’s Archy & Mehitabel through her. Most important, perhaps, Aunt Myrtle provided my first opportunity to write for publication. writer herself for one of the black newspapers, she suggested my name to the editor A as a “youth columnist”.My column, begun when I was fourteen, was supposed to cover teenage social activities — and it did — but it also gave me the freedom to write on many other subjects as well as the habit of gathering material, the discipline of meeting deadlines, and, after graduation from college six years later, a solid collection of published material that carried my name and was my passport to a series of writing jobs. Today Aunt Myrtle is still an enthusiastic supporter of her “favorite niece”.Like a diamond, she has reflected a bright, multifaceted (多面的) image of possibilities to every pupil who has crossed her path. 45.Which of the following did Aunt Myrtle do to the author during her childhood and youth? A.She lent her some serious classics. B.She developed her taste for music. C.She introduced her to adult plays. D.She discovered her talent for dancing.
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46.What does Archy and Mehitabel in Paragraph 3 probably refer to? A.A writer of high fame. B.A book of great fun. C.A serious masterpiece. D.A heartbreaking play. 47.Aunt Myrtle recommended the author to a newspaper editor mainly to ______. A.give her a chance to collect material B.develop her capabilities for writing C.involve her in teenage social activities D.offer her a series of writing jobs 48.We can conclude from the passage that Aunt Myrtle was a teacher who _______. A.gave pupils confidence in developing their potential B.l trained pupils to be diligent and well-disciplined C.emphasized what was practical or possible for pupils. D.helped pupils overcome difficulties in learning C People in Mutsuhito, Japan, lived through one hundreds, and sometimes thousands, a day.But they couldn’t get used to it. What was it? It was a string of earthquakes that made the small town shake all the time.This went on for more than a year.Sometimes the quakes were very small.Only certain instruments could pick them up. other times, the quakes damaged houses and land. people were always At The afraid.They wished they knew how to stop the ground from shaking. People all over the world would like to know when an earthquake is coming.But an earthquake is almost always a surprise.Under the surface of the Earth, huge blocks of rock drift apart or slide against each other.The ground above splits apart or rumbles and shakes. Some scientists hope to predict quakes by keeping a close watch on animals.It seems that some animals can sense an earthquake coming.In 1969, animals in a Chinese zoo began to act funny one day.Swans flew out of their pond.A panda sat down, covered its eyes with its paws, and groaned.The animals seemed to know that something was about to happen.And it did.An earthquake struck.What was it that the animals sensed? Scientists are trying to find out. Keeping close track of the Earth’s magnetic force in earthquake areas may also help.A few years ago, in Hollister, CA, scientists kept a record of the area’s magnetic pull.For one week, the force grew stronger.Then it weakened suddenly.A day later, an earthquake struck. It may become possible to know when and where an earthquake will happen.But it will be much harder to stop one from happening. Many scientists think that the Earth’s covering is not smooth.They say the earth’s “skin” is made up of huge puzzle pieces called plates.Land and ocean floors make up these huge plates.Under the Earth’s crust (外壳), or plates, is hot rock.The plates float on top of this rock. Sometimes the rock forces its way through the crust. What happens then? A volcano is born! More often, the rock moves and forces the plates to pull away from each other, causing earthquakes to happen. (Volcanoes and earthquakes often go together. ) Sometimes, the plates end up on top of each other.When this happens, the land above may
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look strange.Seen from the air, there seems to be a long scar in the Earth.This is called a fault (断层) .The areas along faults have more earthquakes than other parts of the Earth. For now, we’ll just have to shake along with the Earth.It goes through millions of small earthquakes every year.With luck, you won’t feel a thing! 49.In order to predict earthquakes, scientists can ______. Which is wrong according to this passage? A.keep a close watch on animals B.keep close track of the Earth’s magnetic force in earthquake areas C.keep inventing instruments to pick up every earthquake D.keep a record of earthquake area’s magnetic pull of force 50.When the rock forces its way through the Earth’s crust, ______. A.a volcano is born B.an earthquake happens C.a fault forms D.the Earth’s covering becomes smooth 51.How does a fault form? A.When California rests on two separate plates. B.When the plates end up on top of each other. C.Before an earthquake happens. D.After volcano comes. D Maybe it is true that we do not know what we have got until we lose it, but it is also true that we do not know what we have been missing until it arrives. It takes an hour to like someone, and a day to love someone, but it takes a lifetime to forget someone. Giving someone all your love is never an assurance that they will love you back. not Do expect love in return; but if it does not, be content it has grown in yours.Do not rely on one’s appearance; it can trick you.Do not rely on wealth; even that fades away.Rely on someone who makes you smile, because it takes only a smile to make a dark day seem bright. There are moments in life when you miss someone so much that you just want to pick them from your dreams and hug them.Dream what you want to dream; go where you want to go; be what you want to be, because you have only one life and one chance to do all the things you want to do. The brightest future will always be based on a forgotten past.You cannot go on well in life until you let your past failures and heartaches go off.May you have enough happiness to make you sweet, enough trails to make you strong, enough sorrow to keep you human, enough hope to make you happy.The happiest of people do not necessarily have the best of everything; they just make the most of everything that comes along their way. Happiness waits for those who cry, those appreciate the importance of people who have touched their lives.Always put yourself in others’ shoes.If you feel that it hurts you, it probably hurts the other person, too. When you were born, you were crying and everyone around you was smiling.Live your life
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so that when you die, you are the one who is smiling and everyone around you is crying. 52.In this passage, the writer wants to tell us ______. A.what to do in our life B.where to go with other persons C.how to get on well with other persons D.how to treat our life 53.Which of the following statements is true according to the passage? A.We often don’t know what we have lost until it comes someday. B.If you give someone your love, you are sure to receive love in return. C.It is wise not to rely on anybody because you are likely to be deceived. D.If it takes you a short time to love someone, you will easily forget the person. 54.If you put yourself in another person’s position, ______. A.you should put on other people’s shoes B.you shouldn’t do what will hurt other people C.you should believe in other people D.you should depend on your imagination 55.In the last paragraph the writer is actually telling us that a person in the world should be one who ______. A.can accept the suggestions made by others B.can live happily and forget the past C.has made a lot of money for himself before he dies D.does good for other people and is respected and loved by them E The speaker, a teacher from a community college, addressed a sympathetic(赞同的) audience.Heads nodded in agreement when he said, “High school English teachers are not doing their jobs.” He described the inadequacies of his students, all high school graduates who can use language only at a grade 9 level.I was unable to determine from his answers to my questions how this grade 9 level had been established. My topic is not standards nor its decline.What the speaker was really saying is that he is no longer young; he has been teaching for sixteen years, and is able to think and speak like a mature adult. My point is that the frequent complaint of one generation about the one immediately following it is inevitable . It is also human nature to look for the reasons for our dissatisfaction.Before English became a school subject in the late nineteenth century, it was difficult to find the target of the blame for language deficiencies (缺陷) .But since then, English teachers have been under constant attack. The complainers think they have hit upon an original idea.As their own command of the language improves, they notice that young people do not have this same ability.Unaware that their own ability has developed through the years, they assume the new generation of young people must be hopeless in this respect.To the eyes and ears of sensitive adults, the language of the young always seems inadequate.
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Since this concern about the decline and fall of the English language is not perceived(察觉) as a generational phenomenon but rather as something new and peculiar(特有的) to today’s young people, it naturally follows that today’s English teachers cannot be doing their jobs.Otherwise, young people would not commit offenses against the language. 56.The speaker the author mentioned in the passage believed that ________. A.the language of the younger generation is usually inferior (差的) to that of the older generation B.the students had a poor command of English because they didn’t work hard enough C.English teachers should be held responsible for the students’ poor command of English D.he was an excellent language teacher because he had been teaching English for sixteen years 57.In the author’s opinion, the speaker _______. A.had exaggerated (夸大) the language problems of the students B.gave a correct judgment of the English level of the students C.was right in saying that English teachers were not doing their jobs D.could think and speak intelligently 58.The author’s attitude towards the speaker’s remarks is _______. A.neutral B.positive C.compromising D.critical 59.It can be concluded from the passage that ________. A.it is justifiable (有理由的) to include English as a school subject B.the author disagrees with the speaker over the standard of English at Grade 9 level C.language improvement needs time and effort D.language teaching is by no means an easy job 60.In the passage the author argues that _______. A.young people would not commit offences against the language if the teachers did their jobs properly B.it is unfair to blame the English teachers for the language deficiencies of the students C.to eliminate (消除) language deficiencies one must have sensitive eyes and ears D.to improve the standard of English requires the effort of several generations

参考答案
41—44ADBD 52—55 DABD 45—48 CBBA 56—60 CADCB 49—51CAB

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