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【江苏】2013版高中英语全程复习方略 课件:必修1 Unit 1 School life(译林牛津版)


Unit 1 School life 学校生活

话题之一——校园学习 三年6考 [2011全国卷Ⅰ]假定你是李华,正在一所英国学校学习暑

期 课 程 , 遇 到 一 些 困 难 , 希 望 得 到 学 校 辅 导 中 心 (Learning
Center)的帮助。根据学校规定,你需书面预约,请按下列要点 写一封信:1.本人简

介;2.求助内容; 3.约定时间;4.你 的联系方式(Email:lihua @1236.com;Phone:12345678)。 注意:词数100左右。

Dear Sir/Madam, I’m Li Hua, a Chinese student taking summer courses in

your university. I’m writing to ask for help. I came here last
month and found my courses interesting. But I have some

difficulties with note-taking and I have no idea of how to use the library. I was told the Learning Center provides help for students. I’m anxious to get help from it. I have no class on Tuesday mornings and Friday afternoons. Please let me know which day is OK with you. You may email or phone me. Here

are my email address and phone number: lihua @1236. com; 12345678. Look forward to your reply. Yours, Li Hua

1. 文章首先作自我介绍并说明写信意图和动机。接下来说明求助
内容和约定时间,最后介绍自己的联系方式。本文要点齐全,符 合试题要求。 2. 文章用词得体地道,行文流畅。 ①高级短语:have some difficulties with, have no idea of, be anxious to do. . . ②语篇过渡语:but, and

③多样性表达:taking summer courses, I was told. . .
④语言地道得体: be OK with. . .

【佳作习得】一句多译 我记笔记有困难。 I have difficulty with note-taking. 1. ______________________________ I have difficulty in taking notes. 2. ____________________________

It takes me great trouble to take notes. 3. __________________________________

基础知识的掌握是形成语言能力的源头。本栏目内容在高
考时虽不直接考查,但考题无不由此而生。感觉简单未必掌握, 认为掌握未必精准。化主干梳理为习题训练,变知识再现为能 力提升。训练式梳理,创新记忆模式,提升复习效果!高考成 败,根基在此,不可小觑!

Ⅰ. 单词盘点

根据词性和汉语意思写出词汇 earn 1. ______(vt. )
respect 2. ________ (n. &vt. ) literature 3. _________(n. ) average 4. ________(adj. ) 获得;赚,挣得

尊敬,敬重
文学

一般的,普通的;平均的
难事;斗争;努力

struggle 5. ________ (n. ) (vi. )

奋斗,努力;挣扎

extra 6. _____ (adj. )
fond 7. _____ (adj. ) exchange 8. _________(n. &vt. ) title 9. _____(n. ) somehow 10. _________(adv. ) inform 11. ________(vt. ) host 12. _____(n. )

额外的,外加的 喜爱的,喜欢的 交换; 交流 (书的)名称;(文章的)题目,篇名 不知为什么;不知怎么地 通知,告知 主持人;主人,东道主

charge 13. _______(n. )
(vt. ) 14. __________ (vt. &n. ) broadcast event 15. ______(n. )

负责,掌管 使承担责任;收费 广播,播放 (重要)事件;社交活动;比赛项目 experienced 经历,体验→___________ (adj. )有

experience 16. __________(n. &vt. )
经验的

17. ______(vt. )致力于;献身→________(adj. )专心的;献 devoted devote

身??的→_________(n. )忠实;奉献 devotion

satisfy 18. ___________(n. )满意→________(vt. )使??满意 satisfaction satisfactory satisfied →________(adj. )满意的→___________(adj. )令人满意的 graduation graduate 19. _________(vi. )毕业;(n. )毕业生→___________(n. )毕业 approve approval 20. _________(vt. &vi)批准,通过;赞成, 同意→__________(n. ) 批准;赞成 prepare preparation 21. ____________(n. )准备,筹备→___________(v.)准备 prepared →__________(adj. )准备好的 selection 22. _______ (vt. )选择,挑选→_________(n. )选择 select

【品词自测】根据所给词的适当形式填空 experience ①I had a rather unpleasant ___________at the dentist’s, and
experienced clearly the dentist was not ____________. (experience)

devote ②Few people are able to _______themselves fully to their career.
devotion devoted Once they are ________to it, their ________ must bring them a

big success. (devote)

graduated ③Tom has just __________with first-class honours in

graduation psychology. I regret not attending his ____________ceremony.
(graduate) approved ④The government __________the plan of building a park, but approval I opposed the __________. (approve)

Prepared ⑤_________for the interview, I closed the book and went into
preparation the kitchen in ____________for dinner. (prepare)

Ⅱ. 短语回放

1. 过去常常做
2. 想起

used to do ___________ think of _________ for free ________ be fond of ___________ be happy with _______________ next to __________

3. 免费
4. 喜爱,喜欢

5. 对??满意
6. 和??相邻

7. 为??奉献?? 8. 在??结束时 9. 回忆,回顾 10. 平均 11. 使想起 12. 首先 13. 利用

devote. . . to. . . ______________
at the end of ______________ look back (on) _______________ on average ____________ bring back ____________ for one thing _____________ make use of ____________

14. 通知某人某事 15. 开放时间 16. 负责, 掌管 17. 超过;不仅仅 18. 确保 19. 提出,想出

inform sb. of sth. ________________
opening hours _______________ in charge of ____________ more than ___________ make sure __________ come up with _____________

Ⅲ. 句式扫描

as heavy as what I used 1. I found that the homework was not _____________________ to get in my old school _____________________(不像我原来所在的学校那么重).
Though it did not look very beautiful 2. __________________________________(虽然它看上去并不很

漂亮) when it was finished, I still liked it very much.
Upon finishing his studies 3. ________________________(一完成学业), he started

travelling in China.

the better your decisions will be 4. The more choices you have, ___________________________ (你的决定就越好). 5. I was a little nervous at first, but everyone was so nice and

that I soon stopped worrying friendly ___________________________(以至于我很快就不再 担心了).

【仿句自测】根据下面句式仿写句子 ①as. . . as. . . 像??一样

仿写:自从他出院后,他不再像以前那么冷酷了。
He is not as cruel as what he was since he went out of hospital.

②upon (doing) sth. . . . 一(做)??就??
仿写:一到那儿,我们就开始打扫卫生。

Upon arriving there, we began to do some cleaning.

③the +比较级,the +比较级 越??, 越?? 仿写:你学习越努力,你取得的进步就越大。 The harder you work at your study, the greater progress you will make. ④so. . . that. . . 如此??以至于??

仿写:这儿的风景如此美,以至于我无法用言语来描述。
The scenery here is so beautiful that it is beyond description.

重难点知识的解读与透析是决胜高考的必经之路。本栏目 涵盖重要单词、短语和句型,高考点拨见解独到,易错要点分 析透彻;知识学习以互动式呈现,梳理科学系统,例句典型新 颖,习题类型多样。要点在握,才能高考无忧!

核 心 要 点

average
come up with though引导让步状语从句

三年2考
三年3考 三年7考

1. experience n. &vt. 经历,体验
(1)by/from experience have experience in (doing) sth. 在(做)某事方面有经验 quite an unforgettable experience 一次非常难忘的经历 (2)experienced adj. be experienced in 经验丰富的,有经验的 在??方面有经验 凭经验/从经验中

has much experience in ①He ___ ______ __________ ___teaching English.

他有丰富的英语教学经验。
②We need a man of rich experience in driving a truck.

我们需要一个驾驶卡车经验丰富的人。

③Surviving the earthquake was quite an unusual experience
for him. 在地震中幸免于难对他来说是一次不同寻常的经历。 ④The Japanese have experienced much difficulty as a result of the earthquake.

由于那场地震,日本人民经历了很多困难。

【点津】experience作“经验”讲时,为不可数名词;作“经 历”讲时,为可数名词。

2. respect vt. 尊敬,敬重
n. 尊敬,敬重;方面 (1)respect sb. for sth. respect sb. as. . . (2)have/show respect for sb. earn/gain/win one’s respect out of respect for sb. 因某事尊敬某人 尊某人为?? 对某人表示尊敬 赢得某人的敬重 出于对某人的尊敬

①All respect Premier Wen for his loyalty and diligence. 大家都因温总理的忠诚和勤奋而尊敬他。 ②The new teacher soon won the respect of his students. 这位新老师很快就赢得了学生们的尊重。 have great respect for ③I ____ _____ _______ ____his ideas, although I don’t agree with them. 我非常尊重他的想法,虽然我不赞成它们。

3. devote vt. 致力于;献身 devote oneself to (doing) sth. 献身于(做)某事;专心于

(做)某事
devote one’s time/energy to 在??花费时间/精力

be devoted to

献身于;专心于

①She devoted herself to helping homeless children. 她致力于帮助无家可归的孩子们。 ②He devoted all his spare time to helping his students with their English.

他把所有的业余时间都用来帮助他的学生学英语。

devoted to ③Completely _______ ___the people, he gave his life in saving

his patients.
他忠于人民, 把毕生精力用于挽救患者的生命。 【想一想】高考写作中经常出现“专注于做某事”的表达,你 还能想到其他的同义短语吗?

【拓展延伸】
表示“专注于做某事”的同义短语有:

apply oneself to; focus on;
bury oneself in/be buried in; fix one’s attention on; be involved in; be absorbed in

4. average adj. 一般的,普通的;平均的 n. 平均 v. 求(某事物的)平均数; 平均 an average of. . . above/below average on average ??的平均数 在平均之上/下 按平均值,平均说来,一般说来

On average ①____ ________the machine turns out one bottle every two seconds. 这台机器平均每两秒钟生产1只瓶子。

②The average age of the students is 19.
学生们的平均年龄是19岁。

③Each day an average of nearly one million copies of the book
are sold. 每天这本书的平均销售量将近一百万册。

【真题链接】 [ 2010 江 西 , 35 ] Last year the number of students who

graduated

with

a

driving

licence

reached

200,

000,

a(n)______of 40, 000 per year. A. average B. number C. amount D. quantity

【解析】选A。考查名词辨析。句意:去年拿到驾照的毕业生 数量达到了20万,平均每年4万。an average of. . . ??的平均 数,符合句意。

5. struggle n. 难事;斗争,努力 vi. 奋斗;努力,挣扎 ①We must struggle against/with this prejudice for a more tolerant attitude to our beliefs. 我们必须努力克服这种偏见, 从 而在信仰上采取更为宽容的态度。

②John struggled to pass his final examination. 约翰努力拼搏以通过期末考试。 ③It was a struggle for her to make him understand. 使他明白对她来说真是件费劲的事。

【归纳】struggle against/with. . . for. . . 为了??和??作斗争 _____________________
struggle to do a struggle 努力做 _______ 一件难事 ____________

6. inform vt. 通知,告知

(1)inform sb. of/about sth.
inform sb. that/wh-

通知某人??,告诉某人??
通知某人??

(2)informed adj.
keep sb. informed of. . .

有知识的,见闻广的;了解情况的
随时告知某人??

①You ought to inform the police of/about that man who’s been hiding in the bushes outside your gate. 那人一直藏在你门外的灌木丛中, 你应该把这情况告诉警察。 ②Can you inform me when to begin our final examination? 你能告诉我什么时候开始我们的期末考试吗? informed of/about ③Keep me ________ ________ what happens. 有事随时通知我。

【想一想】inform不可以直接带双宾语,而是借助介词of或 about,再接直接宾语。你还知道哪些单词有类似用法? 【拓展延伸】 warn sb. of sth. rob sb. of sth. rid sb. of sth. 警告某人当心某事 抢劫某人的某物 使某人摆脱某事

cure sb. of sth. remind sb. of sth.

治愈某人的疾病;矫正某人的不良行为 提醒某人想起某事

convince sb. of sth.
accuse sb. of sth.

使某人确信某事
控告某人某事

suspect sb. of sth.

怀疑某人某事

7. approve vt. &vi. 批准, 通过;赞成, 同意 (1)approve sth. approve of sth. /doing sth. (2)approval n. 批准/通过某事 赞成(做某事) 批准;赞成

approve __ ①I _______ of your earning some money, but please don’t neglect your studies. 我同意你去挣一些钱, 可是请不要误了功课。 ②The minister approved the building plan. 部长批准了该建筑计划。 ③She looked at her son in approval. 她赞同地看着她儿子。

8. charge n. 负责,掌管
vt. 使承担责任;收费 (1)in charge of 负责??,管理??

in/under the charge of. . . /in sb. ’s charge 在??的掌管下,由??负责 take charge of free of charge 控制,掌管;承担责任 免费

(2)charge sb. (money)for sth. 为某事收取某人(费用) charge sb. with sth. 指控某人某事

①How much do you charge me for the two books? 买这两本书你要价多少? 句型转换 ②He was left in charge of the shop while the manager was away.

in/under the charge __ =The shop was left _______ ___ ______ of him while the
manager was away. 经理不在时, 他负责这个商店。

③She accused me of neglecting my duty. =She charged me ____ neglecting my duty. _______ __ with 她指控我玩忽职守。

【熟词生义】根据语境选择最佳汉语意思 She drove the car round the block to charge its batteries. A. 收费 答案:B B. 给??充电 C. 购买

9. preparation n. 准备,筹备 be in preparation for sth. (1)

make preparations for sth. /to do sth.
为??做准备

(2)prepare vt.

准备,预备;筹备;调制;
为??做准备

prepare one’s lessons prepare for. . . prepare to do sth.

准备功课 为??做准备 准备做某事

(3)prepared adj.

准备好的;有所准备的

be (well)prepared for sth. /to do sth.
对(做)某事有(充分的)准备

①The country is making preparations for war.

该国正进行备战。
②They’ve sold their house and car in preparation for leaving

the country. 他们卖掉了房子和汽车准备出国。

preparing ______ ③My mother was _________ supper while preparing __ supper my father was _________ for _______ . 母亲正在做晚饭而父亲正在做吃晚饭的 准备工作。

10. used to do过去常常做 ①Life here is much easier than it used to be. 如今在此地生活比起从前可舒服多了。

【辨析】理解下列区别并选词填空

used to do sth.

指过去常常做某事(常暗指现在不做 了)。

be used to doing sth. 指习惯于做某事。

be used to do sth.

被动结构,意为“被用来做某事”。

②I _______ go to bed very early, but now I stay up late often used to been used to because I have ____________ working at night. ③The game is being used to teach students in the school now. _____________

11. look back (on) 回忆, 回顾 He looked back with regret on the serious mistakes he had made. 他回顾自己所犯的严重错误,深感悔恨。

【拓展】补全下列look短语 look down on/upon ____________ look forward to _________ 瞧不起,轻视 盼望,期待 尊敬 调查,研究 小心

up to look _____
look ____ into look out for ______

12. bring back使想起;归还;使恢复 ①The smell of the flower brings back her memories. 花香唤起了她对往事的回忆。 ②If you don’t like the dress you bought,you can always bring it back. 如果你不喜欢你买的衣服,你随时都可以退回来。

【拓展】翻译以下短语
bring about bring up bring out 导致,造成 ____________ 养育;提出 ____________ 使显现;引起 _____________

13. make sure确保,保证;搞清楚,弄明白

①I will get to the airport as early as possible to make sure that I
can meet Liu Xiang who will return home. 我要尽可能早地赶到机场以确保能见到将要回家的刘翔。

【辨析】理解下列区别并选词填空 sb. be sure of /about sth. /that-clause 某人对??确信,有把握;sb. be sure to do sth. 某人肯定要做某事。 certain的用法和sure相同,但是在句 型:It is certain that. . . 中一般用 certain而不能用sure。

be sure

be certain

make sure

make sure 后跟that 从句或of短语。

Make sure ②_________ that our television is in good condition. The match am sure of the Super Girl will be held tonight and I _______ of my idol’s success. Be sure to tell Tom about the news who is also crazy ______ about the match.

14. come up with提出,想出(计划、方案等);拿出(一笔钱等) ①The teacher asked who could come up with a good solution to this problem. 老师问谁能想出一个解决这个问题的好办法。

②How soon can you come up with the money?
你什么时候能拿出这笔钱?

【拓展】写出以下短语 come about __________ come across __________ come on __________ come up __________ 发生,产生 遇见;偶然发现 来吧,赶快;开始 走近;升起;长出;被提出

15. Though it did not look very beautiful when it was finished, I

still liked it very much. 尽管完工之后它看上去并不很漂亮,但
我仍然非常喜欢它。 本句though引导让步状语从句,意为“尽管,虽然”。

(1)though作副词,意为“但是,然而”,常用于句末; (2)though作连词,引导让步状语从句,从句位于主句前后或句 中;同although一样,though引导的从句不能与but,however 连用,但可与yet,still连用;

(3)though引导的从句可以用倒装结构,即把从句中的表语、状
语或动词提前,相当于as引导让步状语从句时的用法; (4)though引导的从句的结构中若含有系动词be,且从句主语与 主句主语一致,那么可以省略从句的主语和系动词。

①He said he would come; he didn’t, though.
他说他要来,然而他却没来。 ②Young though she is, yet she is fit for the job. 她尽管年轻,却很适合这份工作。 ③Though he is alone, he is happy. (句型转换) Though alone =______ _____ , he is happy. 尽管独自一人,但他很幸福。

【真题链接】 [2011全国卷Ⅱ, expensive. A. though B. whether C. as D. since 19] It was a nice meal, ______ a little

【解析】选A。考查连词。句意:尽管有点贵,但这是一顿美 餐。though表示转折,意为“尽管”;whether表示“是否”; as表示“当??时候”,“正如”等;since表示“自从??以 来”。根据句意选择A项。

16. Upon finishing his studies, he started travelling in China. 一

完成学业,他就开始在中国旅行。
upon/on +n. /doing表示“一??就??”,相当于as soon as引 导的时间状语从句。

“一??就??”的表达法归纳如下:

upon/on +n. /doing;
as soon as +从句;

the moment/minute/second/instant +从句;
immediately/instantly/directly +从句;

no sooner. . . than. . . ;
hardly. . . when. . . 。

他一进入房间电话铃就响了。(判断正误) ①Hardly had he got into the room when the telephone rang. (√ ②No sooner he had got into the room when the telephone rang. )

(× )
③Upon getting into the room, he heard the telephone ringing.

(√
④The moment he got into the room, and the telephone rang.

)

(× )

17. I was a little nervous at first, but everyone was so nice and
friendly that I soon stopped worrying. 我开始有点紧张,但每一个人都如此善良和友好以至于我很快 就不再担心了。 so/such. . . that. . . 引导结果状语从句,意为“如此??以至

于??”

(1)so/such. . . that. . . 通常用来引导结果状语从句。此句型中,

so后接形容词或副词;such后接可数名词或不可数名词。搭配
如下: such +a/an +adj. +单数名词+that. . . so +adj. + a/an +单数名词+that. . . so many/few+复数名词+that. . . so much/little(少)+不可数名词+that. . . (2)当so/such. . . that结构中的so/such位于句首时,句子要部分 倒装。

①So clever is the boy that he could write when 3 years old.
However, he spends so much of his time in front of TV that he hardly has enough time to study. 这个男孩如此聪明以至于3岁就能写字。但是他在电视机前花 的时间太多,以至于他几乎没有足够的时间用来学习。 such a ②The Great Wall is ____ __ well-known tourist attraction ____ that millions of people pour in every year.

长城是如此闻名的旅游胜地,以致每年有上百万的人慕名而来。

【点津】由于考生对so/such. . . that. . . 句型非常熟悉,往往受 思维定势的影响落入命题人设置的陷阱中。注意此句型中的 that句子表结果。如果不是表示结果,就不能用that。例如: [2008福建,28]Nancy enjoyed herself so much when she

visited her friends in Sydney last year.
去年在悉尼拜访朋友时,南希玩得高兴极了。 [2009重庆,27]Peter was so excited when he received an invitation from his friend to visit Chongqing. 当彼得收到朋友请他到重庆参观的邀请时,他非常兴奋。

【想一想】so that句型可以引导结果状语从句,它也可以引导
目的状语从句。能否举例说明两者的不同?

【拓展延伸】 (1) so that 可以引导目的状语从句,意为“以便,为了”,此 时,可用 in order that 从句来替换。这种从句的谓语动词一般 要和情态动词 can / could, may / might 等连用。例如:

He worked hard so that he could finish his work in time.
=He worked hard in order that he could finish his work in time.

他工作很努力,以便能及时完成工作。

(2) so that引导结果状语从句时,意为“结果是??”,“以至

于??”,一般不与情态动词连用,有时可用逗号与主句隔开,
有时则不用。这种从句可用 so. . . that. . . 从句来转换。例如: It rained hard yesterday so that we had to stay at home. =It rained so hard yesterday that we had to stay at home. 昨天雨下得很大,以至于我们不得不待在家里。

(3)so that引导的目的状语从句可以简化成“in order to 或 so as

to + 动词原形”。例如:
I went over what I had learnt again and again so that I wouldn’t make any mistakes in the exam. =I went over what I had learnt again and again in order not to(so as not to) make any mistakes in the exam. 我反复复习我所学过的知识,以便于在考试中不出错。

(1)not a bit与not a little的区别 (2)more than的多种含义 (3)“the+比较级,the+比较级”的用法 (4)for one thing如何用来列举事实

1. I have already known their marriage, surprised at the news that they are married. A. not a little B. not a bit

so I am ______

C. very much

D. greatly

【解析】选B。考查短语。a bit意为“一点点”,not a bit意为

“一点也不”,而not a little意为“许多,非常”。句意:我
已经知道了他们的婚姻情况了。所以,听到他们结婚的消息我 一点也不吃惊。

2. When people say no, you can just accept it and move on. Don’t make a “no” mean ______ it does. A. less than B. other than

C. more than

D. rather than

【解析】选C。考查短语辨析。句意:当人们说“不”的时候,

你就只是接受它,继续前行。不要使得“不”的含义超出它应
有的意思。more than多于,超出,符合句意。less than少于; other than除??以外,不同于;rather than而不是,均不合 题意。

3. ______ you look at the painting, ______ you’ll like it. A. The long; the much B. The longer; the more C. The more long; the more D. The more long; the much 【解析】选B。考查“the+比较级,the+比较级”结构。句意: 你看这幅画的时间越长,你就越喜欢它。

4. China is a great country. For one thing,

she has a long

history; ______ , she is developing rapidly in her own way. A. on the other C. for another B. the second D. for other thing for

【解析】选C。考查连接词用法。for one thing. . . ;

another (thing), 一方面,??;另一方面,??,用来列举理

由。

基础指导(一)——五种基本句型

1. 主语(S)+谓语(不及物动词V) 此句型的共同特点为:句子的谓语动词都能表达完整的意 思,这类动词叫做不及物动词, 后面可以跟副词、介词短语、 状语从句等。

①He went on holiday. 他去度假了。
②The pen writes smoothly. 这支笔写起来很流畅。

2. 主语(S)+谓语(及物动词V)+宾语(O)

此句型的共同特点是:谓语动词都具有实义, 都是主语产
生的动作, 但不能表达完整的意思, 必须跟有一个宾语, 即动作 的承受者, 才能使意思完整,这类动词叫做及物动词。作宾语 的可以为:名词、代词、动词不定式、疑问词+动词不定式、 动词的-ing 形式和从句。

①My sister is writing a letter at this moment.
我妹妹此刻正在写一封信。 ②Our teacher promised to see the movie with me. 我们老师答应和我去看电影。

3. 主语(S)+谓语(系动词V)+表语(P) 此句型的共同特点是:谓语动词都不能表达一个完整的意 思, 必须加上一个表明主语身份或状态的表语构成复合谓语, 才 能表达完整的意思,这类动词叫做系动词。除了be动词外,还 有一些动词也可以用作系动词:

(1)表感官的动词:feel, smell, taste, sound, look, appear
等。 (2)表转变、变化的动词:become, get,grow, turn, go等。 (3)表延续的动词:remain, keep, hold, stay, rest 等。 (4)表瞬间的动词:come, fall, set, cut, occur 等。 ①This is an English-Chinese dictionary. 这是一本英汉词 典。

②The dinner smells good. 晚饭闻起来不错。

4. 主语(S)+谓语(及物动词V)+间接宾语(IO)+直接宾语(DO) 此句型的共同特点为:谓语动词必须跟有两个宾语才能表 达完整的意思, 这两个宾语一个是动作的直接承受者, 另一个是

动作的间接承受者,后接双宾语的动词有:
(1)do, give, hand, lend, offer, owe, pass, pay, send, show, tell, wish, write等。 (2)buy, choose, fetch, bring, get, leave, make, order, play, save, sing, spare等。

①He brought you a dictionary. 他给你买了一本词典。 ②She cooked her husband a delicious meal. 她为她丈夫做 了一顿美味的饭。 ③I showed him my pictures. 我给他看了我的照片。

通常情况下间接宾语在前,直接宾语在后;有时也可把间
接宾语置于直接宾语后,此时间接宾语前需加介词for或to。间 接宾语后置与for连用的动词有buy, make, cook, get, choose,

sing, find等。
间接宾语后置与to连用的动词有give, lend, teach, take, return, send, pass等。

5. 主语(S)+谓语(及物动词V)+宾语(O)+宾语补足语(OC)

此句型的共同特点是:动词虽然是及物动词, 但是只跟一
个宾语还不能表达完整的意思, 必须加上一个补充成分来补足 宾语, 才能使意思完整。可以作宾语补足语的为:名词、形容 词、介词短语、动词不定式、分词、从句等。 ①I heard my name called. 我听见有人喊我的名字。

②I felt something moving. 我感到有东西在动。

Ⅰ. 请判断下列简单句的类型
1. He looked unhappy at that time. ( S+V+P )

2. He lost the money on his way home. ( S+V+O )
3. Mr Wang taught us English last year. ( S+V+IO+DO)

4. The time passed quickly. ( S+V)
5. We are making our country more and more beautiful.

( S+V+O+OC )

Ⅱ. 请改正下列句子中的错误 1. Please speak louder so that everybody can listen you. ( listen→hear) 2. Great changes have been taken place in the city. (去掉been ) 3. Listen! Someone knocking at the door. ( knocking→is knocking)

4. He told me don’t call him before 9 o’clock. ( don’t→not to ) 5. Do your parents allow you make your own decision? ( make→to make )

Ⅲ. 翻译下列句子

1. 这故事听起来很有趣。
The story sounds very interesting.

2. 我们只能给你腾出一个房间。
We can only spare one room for you.

3. 在业余时间我喜欢听流行音乐和收集邮票。
In my spare time I enjoy listening to popular music and

collecting stamps.

4. 在我14岁生日时,爸爸给我买了一辆新自行车。 On my 14th birthday, Father bought me a new bike.

5. 我注意到凯特在图书馆里看书。
I noticed Kate reading in the library.


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