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英语阅读猜词训练公开课(定稿)


高中英语阅读中的猜词技巧

导学案

授课背景: 近几年的高考阅读理解题越来越重视对考生猜词悟义能力的考查。 猜词悟义能力, 即掌握一些猜测生词词义的方法,对排除阅读中生词的干扰、降低生词率、提高阅读速度和 理解能力是必不可少的, 这是考生英语阅读理解能力的一个重要组成部分。 这种不用词典而 通过上下文来认识生词的能力是每一个考生所必须具备

的能力。 授课目的: 以高考题中出现的猜词题为载体使学生掌握高考中此类题型的出题规律和解题技 巧:构词法(合成法,派生法及取头取尾法);语境法(释义描述法,同义关系法,对比关系法, 因果关系法及经验常识法) 。 常用的设问形式: 1. The word "it(them)"in the first paragraph refers to/means _____________. 2. The underlined word (phrase/ sentence) in the last paragraph means / refers to _____________. 3. Which of the following is closest in meaning to the underlined word in the second paragraph? 阅读技巧—猜词(不查字典完成下面的导学案,你可以做到吗?) Ⅰ . 构词法类

1. Can you guess the chinese meaning of the following words? forget-me-not__________ baby-sitter __________ out-of-date computer________ outbreak of Bird Flu____________ …Yet, shopkeepers may have to spend extra hours to deal with problems, such as shoplifters, who always take away things from the shop without paying for them. … What does the word “shoplifter” mean? A. A thief B. A guide in a shop C. the owner of a shop D. A porter (搬运工) 总结:你是使用构词法中哪种方法猜出来的? 2. Can you guess the chinese meaning of the following words? mispronounce __________ nonsmoker ___________ widen __________ musician __________ 总结:你是使用构词法中哪种方法猜出来的?你还记得那些常见的前缀和后 缀? (3-5 个)

3. 写出下列单词的汉语意思,并说出他们是如何构成的? Brunch __________ Smog __________ Chinglish ________ Smilence ____________ The Guardian(卫报)described the scene of a friend?s face buried in a screen as "a distinctly 21st—century problem”. A new word has been created to describe this—phubbing. It is the act of looking at your mobile phone instead of paying attention to others during a social interaction(互动交流).(2014 成都二诊 C 篇) What does the word “phubbing” mean? How is it made up of ?
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由此你能得出构词法中的哪一种方法? Ⅱ . 利用上下文语境进行猜测词义 猜下列每组划线单词的汉语意思,并总结你是如何才出来的? Group 1. 你是利用哪种方法猜出来的呢? 1. Sociology is the term used to describe the scientific study of human society. 2. Jane is indecisive, that is, she can?t make up her mind. 3. The herdsman, who looks after sheep, earns about 650 Yuan a year. 4. The modern age of medicine began with the stethoscope, an instrument for listening to patients? heartbeat and breathing. Group 2. 你是利用哪种方法猜出来的呢? 1.He is a serious person who always does everything conscientiously. 2.Doctors believe that smoking cigarettes is detrimental to your health.They also regard drinking as harmful. 3.He strayed because of the darkness, and didn?t know where he was. 4.At fifty he is in his prime of life and always full of energy. Group 3. 你是利用哪种方法猜出来的呢? 1. Unlike the United States where many different nationalities make up the population, Japan?s population is quite homogeneous. 2. He had been getting better but during the night his condition deteriorated. 3. Andrew is one of the most supercilious man I know. His brother, in contrast, is quite humble and modest. Group 4. 你是利用哪种方法猜出来的呢? 1.All his attempts to unlock the door was futile, because she was using the wrong key. 2.The flowers in the vase withered because they had no water. 3.The river is so turbid that it is impossible to see the bottom even when it is shallow. Group 5. 你是利用哪种方法猜出来的呢? 1. But sometimes, no rain falls for a long, long time. Then there will be a drought. 2. The snake slithered through the grass. 3.When you throw a stone into still water of a lake, you will watch a ripple spread in rings on the surface of water. 4. In the old days, when girls from rich families were married to their husbands, they expected to bring with themselves plenty of dowry. The underlined word means____. A. money B. children C. rice D. houses 巩固提升训练 1. Chicken becomes 1)rotten very quickly.It can go bad in a refrigerator if it is left there for more than a week. If you have any suspicion that the meat is bad, don?t eat it. Instead, 2) inspect it very carefully: Check the smell, how it looks and feels. The first sign that the chicken is rotten is the smell. If the chicken has a bad 3) odor, you should
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throw it out.The second sign that chicken is rotten is the look.If the meat is black, throw it out. The third sign is the feel of the chicken. If the meat is very soft, it might be rotten. 4)Discard it if it is.If only part of the chicken is bad,remove the rotten 5)portion and keep the rest. (1) “rotten” means ________. A. bad B. good C. delicious (2)The word“inspect”means .A.examine carefully B.visit C.smell (3)“odor” means . A.sound B.picture C.smell (4) The word“discard” means . A. Keep B. throw out C. cook it again (5) “portion” here means . A.whole B.part C.half 2.He is a resolute man. Once he makes up his mind to do something, he won?t give it up halfway. The underlined word means____. A. weak B. firm C. kind D. clever 3. “Survival of the fittest” is the golden rule in this world. In other words, “Let the unfit perish” is the motto. 28. The underlined word “perish” probably means “______” A. die B. grow C. start D. say 4. Ahmad Khawaja became famous, and his paintings were worth thousands of dollars at that time. He made a large number of paintings and was known as a prolific and clever painter. 34 .The underlined word “prolific” probably means “______” A. having a great dream B. producing many works C. having a lot of experience D. leading a happy life 5. Banning noticed that too, and said, “you want to call it quits?” “do we have a choice?” Kells answered. Both men walked out with their hands up. The captured Americans were taken to a nearby command post, where Kells was told to fill a postcard out with a message for his family. (2014 成都二诊 B) 44. the underline part call it quits in para. 2 means . A. quitting from the unit B. giving out C. giving in D. calling for help 6. When I was 12, all I wanted was a signet (图章) ring. They were the "in" thing and it seemed every girl except me had one. On my 13th birthday, my Mum gave me a signet ring with my initials(姓名首字母) carved into it. I was in heaven.(福建卷 13) 56.The underlined word " in" in the first paragraph probably means "_____". A. fashionable B. available C. practical D. renewable 7. The advanced EP(便携式加热器) also heats the room evenly, wall to wall and floor to ceiling. It comfortably covers an area up to 350 square feet. Other heaters heat rooms unevenly with most of the heat concentrated to the center of the room. And they only heat an area a few feet around the heater. With the EP, the temperature will not vary in any part of the room.(北京卷 13) 58.The underlined word “evenly” in paragraph 4 probably means . A. continuously B. separately C. quickly D. equally 8. Sparrow(快餐连锁店名字) failed to grow for another two years. Until a new CEO, Carl Pearson decided to build up its market share. He did a survey, which showed that consumers who already used Sparrow restaurants were extremely positive about the chain, while customers of other fast-food chains were unwilling to turn away from them. Sparrow had to develop a new promotional campaign. (山东
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13) 72. What does the underlined word “them” in Paragraph 2 refer to? A. Customers of Sparrow restaurants B. Sparrow restaurants C. Customers of other fast-food chains D. other fast-food chains 9. My son could not follow the teacher?s directions, the teacher told me, and thus, Scola was disrupting the class. Didn?t he know my son did not speak English yet?(陕 西卷 13) 58.What does the underlined word “disrupting” in Paragraph 4 probably mean? A Breaking B Following C Attending D Disturbing 10. "We have found an important mechanism by which the heart and brain ?speak? to each other to change our feelings and reduce fear," Dr Garfinkel said.(四川卷 13) 49. Which of the following is closest in meaning to "mechanism" in Paragraph 6? A. Order. B. system. C. Machine. D. Treatment. 11.West Midlands Police has a positive equal opportunity to make sure that all the applicants are treated fairly. We particularly welcome the applications from the members of minority ethnic(族裔)and women who are under represented in West Midlands Police . ( 2014 成都三诊 A) 34. The underlined sentence at the end of the passage is closest in meaning to . A. whose position is still too low in West Midlands Police . B. whose number is still too small in West Midlands Police . C. who can be admitted by West Midlands Police . D. who can work for West Midlands Police . 12. Remarkably, after weeks and weeks in hospital, the boy made his wonder and stood again. His legs were extremely scarred by the attack of the animals and, on his arms, were deep scratches(抓痕) where his mother’s fingernails dug into his flesh in her effort to hang on to the son she loved. ( 2014 成都三诊 A) 37. The underlined word “Remarkably” in para4 means . A. Fortunately B. Surprisingly C. Obviously D. Hopefully
课后总结及反思: 完成此次导学案,你用到了哪些猜词技巧??

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