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高考常用动词固定搭配速记1


高考常用动词固定搭配速记
1. account for 解释;说明原因;占有 How do you account for all the accidents in series? 你怎么解释这接二连三发生的事故呢? I want you to account for each sum of the money you spent. 我要你说明你所花掉的每一笔钱 的用途

。 2. accuse sb. of sth. 控告某人某事 He was accused of the car theft. 他被指控犯有汽车盗窃罪。 The lawyer is defending the young man accused of murder. 律师正在为被指控谋杀的年轻人辩 护。 3. adapt (oneself) to 使自己适应 adapt to=adjust to 适应(新环境) adapt from 根据……改编 adapt something for something 改变某事物;以便在不同的情况下运用 Learn to adapt to the society. Only in this way can we survive in it. 学会适应社会。只有 这样我们才能在社会上生存。 He was quick to adapt to the new system. 他很快适应了新制度。 You will adapt yourself to the life here soon. 不久你就会适应这里的生活。 The car was adapted for use as a taxi.那辆轿车被改装成了出租车。 4. apply for 提出申请 apply to 把……应用于 apply oneself to 专心从事;埋头于…… The graduates are applying for jobs now.毕业生正在找工作。 We should apply what we have learned to our practical work.我们应该把所学的知识应用到实 际工作中去。 She is always applying herself to the research.

她总是致力于调查研究。 5. abandon oneself to sth.完全屈服于(某种感情或冲动) Faced with the difficult situation, he abandoned himself to despair。 6. act as 充当,担任 The villager invited acted as a guide for us.这个村民应邀担任我们的向导。 5. act out 表演(对话、话剧、故事等) The teacher asked us to act out the play we had learned.老师让我们表演学过的话剧。 6. act on 对……起作用 Alcohol acts on the brain, so drivers are forbidden to drink it when they drive a car. 酒精对大脑有影响,因此司机开车禁止饮酒。 7. act for 代理,代表 The Chairman is ill, so I’m asking Mr.Smith to act as for him. 主席病了,所以我请史密斯 先生代理。 8. appeal to 呼吁;要求;上诉;有吸引力 The government is appealing to everyone to save water. 政府呼吁人人节约用水。 Does the idea of working for a venture company appeal to you? 你有没有兴趣到合资企业去工 作? 9. agree with 同意某人的看法,适合 The fact agrees with my original estimate 事实符合我原来的估计。 The climate doesn’t agree with the old. 这种气候对老年人不适宜。 10.agree on/upon 在……方面同意或意见一致 Then on December 5 , the two countries agreed on the treaty. 这两个国家最终在 12月5日就 这一条约达成一致。 11.agree to 同意某一建议或安排 Most people didn’t agree to her taking up the job.大多数人不同意她承担这项工作。 12.agree about 关于……意见一致
th

We never agree about the way to deal with the problem. 不一致。 13. argue with/against sb. about/on sth.与某人辩论某事

关于处理这个问题的方法,我们总是

They always argue against us on how to conduct the air pollution. 他们总是与我们辩论如何 处理大气污染问题。 14. break down 毁掉; 拆除; 瓦解; 崩溃 The robbers broke the door down. 强盗们把门砸开了。 The peace talks are said to have broken down. 15. break into 闯入,强行进入;突然……起来 The thieves broke into the office and stole some money. 小偷闯入办公室,偷了一些钱。 The car windows broke into pieces when the two cars crashed into each other. 两辆车相 撞时车上的窗玻璃破裂成碎片。 16. break off 断开,折断;停顿,中断 The back section of the plane had broken off. 飞机尾部脱落了。 He broke off in the middle of a sentence. 他一句话说了一半就不说了。 (喻) 据说和谈破裂了。

17. break out 逃出;突然发生,爆发 The murderer broke out of prison last night. 杀人犯昨晚越狱而逃。 It was almost midnight that a fire broke out in the neighborhood. 昨天快半夜了 这儿附近发生了火灾。 Hostilities have broken out between the two countries. 两国之间爆发了战争。 18. bring about 导致;引起 What brought about the change in his attitude? 是什么使他改变了态度? 19. bring forward 把……提前;提出;提议 They'll bring the date of their marriage forward from the 30th to the 28th. 他们将把结婚的日期从三十日提前到二十八日。 The general manager brought forward a new reform plan on the personnel system

for the company. 总经理为公司提出了一份有关人事制度改革的新方案。 20.bring to 使恢复知觉 He lost consciousness after the fall, and they were unable to bring him to. 跌倒之后他昏迷了,他们不能使他恢复知觉。 21.bring up 教育,培养,使成长;提出,引出;呕吐 The girl was brought up by her grandmother. 那个女孩由她奶奶抚养长大。 The old lady is always bringing up her health problems. 老太太总是提起她的健康 问题。 She was crying so much I thought she'd bring up her breakfast. 她哭得这么厉害, 我想她会把早饭吐出来。 22.call at 访问,拜访; (火车等)停靠; (短时间)停留 Let's call at John's house. 咱们去约翰家吧. This train calls at Didcot and Reading. 这趟列车在迪德克特和雷丁停车。 23.call for(去)接;要求,需要 I’ll call for you at the railway station at 7:00. 七点钟我去火车站接你。 The situation calls for prompt action. 形势所迫, 必须立即采取行动. 24.call off 放弃,取消 The match was called off because of bad weather. 由于天气不好, 比赛取消了. 25.call on/upon 访问,拜访;号召,呼吁 We are going to call on/upon the old Red Army soldier this Sunday. 这个星期天 我们打算拜访那位老红军战士。 They're calling on all men and boys over the age of 14 to join the army. 他们 号召所有男人和14岁以上的孩子参军。 26.carry on 继续下去,坚持下去 We must carry on till success in spite of the extremely difficult conditions. 尽管条件极端困难,我们必须坚持下去,直到成功。

27.carry out

贯彻(理论等) ,执行(计划等) ;实现(目标等)

Once you’ve made a plan, you should carry it out. 一旦你制定了计划,就应该执 行。 I had carried out my work before you arrived. 你来之前我就已经完成了我的工作。 28.come across(偶然)发现; (偶然)碰见;发生效果;受欢迎 We've just come across an old friend we haven't seen for ages. 我们刚碰到了一 位多年不见的老朋友。 Your lecture came across very well; everyone liked it. 你讲的课非常受欢迎, 大家都很喜欢。 29.come on 开始;进展;上演;来吧,快点 Rain came on just before daybreak. 天快亮时开始下起雨来。 The project is coming on fine. 这项工程进展顺利。 Come on! We don’t have much time. 快点!我们时间不多了。 30.come out 出现,长出;出版;显示,显出

The stars came out as soon as darkness fell. 天一黑,星星就出来了。 When does John's book come out? 约翰的书什么时候出版? Her best qualities come out in a crisis. 她的优秀品质在危难之中显示了出来。 33.come up 长出地面;发生;走近,上来 The plans are just beginning to come up. 植物刚刚破土而出。 I’m afraid something urgent has happened. 恐怕有紧急事情发生。 He came up to me and asked for a light. 他走到我跟前跟我借火。 34.cut across 抄近路,走捷径 I usually cut across the park on my way home. 我回家常抄近路,打公园里头走。 35.cut down(on) 削减,降低 George is trying to cut his weight down. 乔治正设法减轻他的体重。 36.cut off 阻断;切断,使隔绝

The water supply was cut off by the plumber to lay new pipes.管道工为铺设新水 管中断了供水。 37.drop by/in 顺便来访(无意的) I thought I’d drop by/in on you while I was passing. 38.deal with 处理 Could you tell me how I can deal with the milk? 你能告诉我如何处理牛奶吗? 39. die of 死于(因内因而死亡) It is said that the old man died of cancer last year 据说那个老人去年死于癌症。 40.die from 死于(因外部原因而死亡) The old famous scientist died from overwork last week, when he is 89 years old. 那个著名的老科学家上周因劳作过度逝世了,享年89岁。 41.do with 处理 The would-be teacher didn’t know what to do with the class. 那个未来的老师不知道如何对待他班上的学生。 42.do up 修理,整理,梳理头发,包扎 You are good at doing up things.你包东西的技术很棒。 I have to do my hair up, for I will have an important meeting to attend. 我必 须梳理一下头发,因为我将参加一个重要的会议。 43.do well in 在……成绩好 She does well in math, so I often turn to her for help in math. 她的数学很棒,因此我经常向她求助。 44.do one’s best 尽力干…… You should do your best to help her with her research work. 你应当尽力帮助她做 好调查工作。 45.eat up 吃光,用尽 They have eaten up their food left by now, what shall they do next? 他们已经

吃光了剩下的食物,下一步该怎么班? 46.eat one’s words 食言 Anybody shouldn’t eat their words, or nobody can believe them. 任何人都不能食言,否则再也无人相信他们。 47. enter for 报名参加 It’s already time to enter my child for school.我的孩子已经是该进学校念书的时 候了。 48.enter into 开始(工作、交涉) ,缔结协议 He entered into an argument with the teacher.他和那位老师争论。 49.fall back on 求助于,转而依靠

You can always fall back on him when you are in difficulties. 遇到困难时,你随时都可以找他帮忙。 50.fall behind 落后

She soon fell behind the leaders.她很快就落在领头者的后面。


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