黄浦区 2014 学年度第一学期高三年级期终调研测试 英 语 试 卷
2015 年 1 月 8 日下午
（完卷时间： 120 分钟
满分： 150 分）
（共 103 分）
I. Listening Comprehension Section A Dir
ections: In Section A, you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The conversations and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard. 1. A. Husband and wife. B. Doctor and patient. C. Teacher and students. D. Repairman and customer. 2. A. 5:15 B. 5:30 C. 5:45 D. 6:00 3. A. It’s Tuesday. B. It’s Thursday. C. It’s Friday. D. It’s Saturday. 4. A. She won’t take part in the party tomorrow. B. Her sister is actually a rude person. C. They should have invited her earlier. D. She wonders if she can bring someone to the party. 5. A. He will buy the apartment. B. He will buy a better apartment. C. He will sell the apartment to the woman. D. He’d like to find a cheaper apartment. 6. A. Taking Mary to Japan for dinner. B. Taking Mary to Japanese Garden. C. Taking Mary to the Korean restaurant. D. Taking her out instead of Mary. 7. A. By going on a diet. B. By doing physical exercise. C. By having fewer meals. D. By eating fruit and vegetables. 8. A. It’s the cheapest shopping mall nearby. B. It’s the woman’s favourite shopping mall. C. It sold out 50% of the goods last weekend. D. The goods were on sale there last weekend. 9. A. Jonathan was well known during his childhood. B. Jonathan was popular with young movie stars. C. Jonathan wrote some stories about a movie star. D. Jonathan made movies because of his unusual childhood. 10. A. The woman doesn’t agree with the man. B. Drunk driving causes many accidents on the road. C. Most people killed in the accidents are heavy drinkers. D. People should be careful with the traffic when crossing the road. — 1 —
Section B Directions: In Section B, you will hear two short passages, and you will be asked three questions on each of the passages. The passages will be read twice, but the questions will be spoken only once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard. Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following passage. 11. A. In 150. B. In 1854. C. In 1900. 12. A. Volleyball. B. Surfing. C. Basketball. 13. A. Major sports at University of Melbourne, Australia. B. Reasons why many young people want to study aboard. C. The history of the University of Melbourne, Australia. D. A brief introduction of the University of Melbourne.
D. In 2004. D. Skiing.
Questions 14 through 16 are based on the following passage. 14. A. The surface of Earth will be rising with the temperature. B. Animals and plants will be made to move to warmer places. C. Birds are going to start their travel later in the year. D. Many kinds of wildlife will have to give up their native environments. 15. A. Tree flowering is taking place earlier than before. B. The scientists warn that some creatures could become extinct. C. Environmental damage and local losses of wildlife lead to climate changes. D. Plants and animals have always had to respond to the changing environments. 16. A. There were 99 kinds of birds, insects and plants in America and Europe. B. On average, the area has moved north by 16 kilometers every ten years. C. These examined plants and animals survived the changes by moving north. D. In Europe, some butterflies now move 100 kilometers to the south. Section C Directions: In Section C, you will hear two longer conversations. The conversations will be read twice. After you hear each conversation, you are required to fill in the numbered blanks with the information you have heard. Write your answers on your answer sheet. Blanks 17 through 20 are based on the following conversation. Complete the form. Write ONE WORD for each answer.
Recipe for Chocolate Cookies
▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ mix together 2 cups of __17__ and a teaspoon of baking soda add a teaspoon of salt mix together a cup of butter and a cup of sugar in a __18__ bowl add 2 eggs and __19__ all the things slowly mix in a cup of chocolate and a cup of nuts form little cookies from the mixture bake for 8 minutes at __20__ degrees centigrade — 2 —
Blanks 21 through 24 are based on the following conversation. Complete the form. Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer. What is a zip code used for? What is an area code used for? Where does the boy write the zip code? How many area codes does a state have? It’s used for __21__. It’s used for making __22__ phone calls. He writes it __23__ It __24__ the number of telephones.
II. Grammar and Vocabulary Section A Directions: After reading the passages below, fill in the blanks to make the passages coherent and grammatically correct. For the blanks with a given word, fill in each blank with the proper form of the given word; for the other blanks, use one word that best fits each blank. (A) The Problem with Top-Schools Lists There are around 4,000 accredited universities and other higher education institutions in the United States. They offer an immense range of educational experiences, (25)_______ large research universities to small, friendly liberal arts colleges. This helps explain (26)_______ the United States attracts more international students than any other country, says Allan E. Goodman, president of the Institute of International Education, (27)_______ non-profit group promoting student exchanges to and from America. “While elite(精英) U.S. programs are among the top ten in the world,” Goodman says, “the unique strength of the U.S. higher education system is diversity.” There is no official ranking system to indicate which institutions are better than others, (28)_______ several unofficial rankings are listed by magazines and associations. However, educators urge caution in using a ranking table and emphasize that (29)_______ (good) choice for one student may be very different for another. Institutions of all types (30)_______ (spread) across the United States. Some students want a campus that will give them the excitement and rich cultural life of a big city such as New York, Chicago, or Los Angeles. (31)_______ value the peace and beauty of a rural setting, whether the quiet forests and snowy winters of the Northeast, subtropical Florida, the dry expanses of the West, or the Pacific coast with its seashore and nearby mountains. Many institutions have particular strengths in certain academic areas, (32)_______(make) them a good choice for students interested in those fields. (B) An evolving game Asia has already become a center of the women’s professional game, and much of the growth in participation across the world is coming from women’s golf. Family-friendly facilities (33)_______(develop) for a new golfing demographic(人群) in the following years, (34)_______ more women are playing the game and men and women are — 3 —
increasingly spending their leisure time together. Children’s engagement with the game will increase. In China, golf is recognized as a game (35)_______ teaches children important life principles. Free golf training is offered to kinder-gartners and some parents are now prepared to spend up to 300,000 yuan ($43,940) a year on lessons for their children. “Asia will play an increasingly vital role in the future development of golf,” say top players past and present. More top events will be added to the schedule in China and other places in Asia, (36)_______ the game is becoming more popular. Back-to-back Open Champion Padraig Harrington agrees: “You only (37)_______ _______ look at the European Tour ’s schedule and see how many tournaments are now being hosted by Asia, whether in the Middle East or Far East,” he says. “Change is the price of survival,” says golf legend Gary Player, one of a handful of players (38)_______(achieve) the Career Grand Slam(大满贯). “With the eyes of the sport now firmly (39)_______(focus) on Asia, I can see several of the world’s Top 10 coming from Asia and several more global tournaments hosted there by 2020.” The game will also become more technologically engaged. Advances in digital technology will change the face of (40)_______(coach) with “smart clubs” which memorize golfers’ grip and swing, allowing them to analyze their performance and learn from their mistakes. Section B Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need. A. including F. special B. creation G. linking C. extended H. investment D. prohibited I. agreements E. suggestions J. contacting
Last week, Verizon and Google proposed a plan they say could keep the Internet open while supporting __41__ in high-speed Internet service. Verizon has the nation’s biggest wireless network while Google is the biggest Internet search engine. The proposal was a surprise because the two companies have been on opposite sides of the debate over net neutrality. That is the idea that all content on the Web should be treated equally. Internet service providers want to be able to charge more for heavy Internet traffic or users who want __42__ services. The Federal Communications Commission regulates telephone, cable and satellite communications. But its power to regulate Internet service has been questioned in the courts. The new proposal calls for rules keeping service providers from preventing users from sending and receiving __43__ information of any kind. Users also could not be prevented from __44__ any application, service or device they choose to the Web. And broadband Internet providers would be __45__ from discriminating against(歧视) content and should be open about their policies. Supporters of net neutrality criticized the proposal for not __46__ wireless providers. Wireless broadband is among the fastest growing parts of the Internet. Others oppose the __47__ of a “two-tiered”(两极分化的) system on the Internet in which some content gets a fast lane and other content goes slowly. But Daniel Brenner says such a system — 4 —
already exists. Daniel Brenner is a partner at the law firm Hogan Lovells in Washington. He says service providers want to be able to charge more because they build networks out to their customers across the country. Such companies are the so-called “last mile” providers. But, the Internet is really a network of networks which exchange traffic all the time and compete with each other. And not all networks reach the last mile to a customer’s door. Paul Kouroupas of Global Crossing says his company wants to make sure __48__ between service providers are honored on all networks. That way, a service promised by Global Crossing on its fiber optic network will be __49__ all the way to a customer’s door — even if another company carries the service that last mile. The Verizon-Google proposal offers __50__ for a debate that is not likely to end soon. Daniel Brenner says the FCC needs clearer guidelines from Congress. III. Reading Comprehension Section A Directions: For each blank in the following passages there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. Digital fingerprinting, fluctuations(波动) in the dollar exchange rate, and a mass of online information are some of the ways making travel to the United States in 2010 a different __51__ for international visitors than it was earlier in the 21st century. These __52__ are evident even before the visitor leaves his or her country. In 2004, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security(DHS) —a department of the federal government established by laws and regulations in late 2002, after the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks—established a new series of security __53__ for international visitors holding non-U.S. passports or visas. __54__, when these visitors apply for a visa, the officer __55__ them reviews their application and supporting papers and collects both digital fingerprints and a digital photograph. Recently, the waiting time for these interviews has been significantly __56__. According to Geoff Freeman, senior vice president of public affairs of U.S. Travel, the trade organization for the U.S. travel industry, many prospective visa applicants now wait fewer than 30 days for an interview, __57__ more than 100 days in the past. The Visa Waiver Program(VWP)—which __58__ citizens from countries that meet various security and other requirements from obtaining a visa for visits to the United States of 90 days or fewer for business or pleasure—__59__ 36 countries such as Australia, Austria, Belgium and so on. A traveler from a country __60__ in the VWP must obtain an Electronic System for Travel Authorization(ESTA), an online travel authorization, established by DHS. ESTA determines, before the traveler boards a flight, whether the traveler is __61__ to travel to the United States under the VWP and whether such travel poses any law implementation or security risks. When an international traveler arrives in the United States, he or she must subject one of the two __62__ to the U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) officer: either a white Form I-94, if the traveler has a visa, or a green Form I-94W, if the traveler is a VWP participant. The CBP officer asks the traveler questions about his or her stay, scans the traveler ’s fingerprints, and takes a digital — 5 —
photograph. __63__, VWP travelers, who are not required to obtain a visa, will soon need to pay a fee. The traveler keeps a portion of the I-94 or I-94W form after the CBP __64__ and returns it to CBP upon departure from the United States. In 2007 Congress authorized the consumption of $40 million on a “Model Ports of Entry” program, designed to improve the __65__ procedures of foreign travelers at the 20 U.S. airports with the highest number of international visitors. The program aims to improve staffing, queue management, signage, and infrastructure at the top 20 U.S. international airports and to hire at least 200 new CBP officers. 51. 52. 53. 54. 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60. 61. 62. 63. 64. 65. A. experiment A. changes A. explanation s A. Surprisingly A. inspecting A. reduced A. owing to A. protects A. leads to A. persevering A. accessible A. participants A. For instance A. check A. queue B. examination B. fluctuations B. registrations B. Specifically B. instructing B. resolved B. compared to B. stimulates B. applies to B. previewing B. acceptable B. decisions B. As a result B. project B. program C. experience C. fingerprints C. applications C. Hopefully C. interviewing C. reviewed C. according to C. promises C. depends on C. participating C. available C. documents C. In addition C. design C. arrival D. excursion D. communications D. procedures D. Occasionally D. investigating D. released D. added up to D. relieves D. makes up D. promoting D. adaptable D. photographs D. On the contrary D. proposal D. departure
Section B Directions: Read the following three passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read. (A) In 1801, Giuseppe Piazzi discovered a new object in the sky. He thought it was an undiscovered comet. After further observation, he realized that it behaved more like a small planet than a comet. Piazzi named it Ceres after the Sicillian goddess of grain. Ceres remains the largest known asteroid(小行星) in the sky. It measures almost 600 miles (1,000 km) in diameter. By the end of the nineteenth century, several hundred other asteroids had been identified. Tens of thousands of asteroids have since been discovered, with thousands more found each year. Asteroids are masses of rock and metal that orbit(绕轨道而行) the sun between Mars and Jupiter. They did not form into planets because the perturbations of Jupiter kept them moving too fast to join together. The total mass of all of the asteroids is less than the size of Earth’s moon.
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Some of the asteroids move in orbits outside the zone between Mars and Jupiter. Asteroids that come relatively close to Earth are known as near-Earth asteroids(NEAs). Scientists estimate that about 1,000 of these asteroids are 0.6 miles(1km) in diameter. An asteroid of this size colliding(碰撞) with Earth would be disastrous. Scientists have found two sites where giant asteroids struck Earth millions of years ago. One asteroid hit Antarctica about 250 million years ago. Another asteroid struck Mexico’s Yucatan Peninsula around 65 million years ago, leaving a hole 112 miles(180 km) wide and 1,000 yards (914m) deep. One theory blames the extinction of the dinosaurs on this asteroid’s collision with Earth and the climate change that resulted from its impact. Occasionally, small asteroids strike Earth. These cause little damage. Major collisions, such as the one that may have killed the dinosaurs, occur rarely—perhaps only once every 100 million years. Although the chance of an asteroid striking the planet anytime soon is small, scientists continue to study the orbits of asteroids in the sky. They pay particularly close attention to the asteroids whose paths are close to Earth, and have even landed a spacecraft on an NEA named Eros. Their work helps them learn about the formation of the solar system. It may even help them discover ways to avoid an asteroid disaster in the future. 66. Which of the following statements is NOT true about asteroids? A. Asteroids are composed of rock and metal. B. Asteroids orbit the sun between Mars and Jupiter. C. Large near-Earth asteroids are sure to strike Earth. D. A large asteroid colliding with Earth would cause a disaster. 67. The word “perturbations” (paragraph 2) is closest in meaning to “ A. formation of rocks C. estimation of scientists 68. What scientists have found implies that B. disturbances of motion D. influences of size . ”.
A. two sites of Earth hit giant asteroids millions of years ago B. Antarctica was once struck by an asteroid millions of years ago C. one asteroid left a huge hole in Mexico 250 million years ago D. the extinction of dinosaurs resulted in asteroid’s collision with Earth 69. Which of the following events happened third according to the passage? A. Giuseppe Piazzi discovered a new object and named it Ceres. B. Scientists had a spacecraft land on Eros to learn more about the solar system. C. Asteroids orbiting the sun failed to form into planets. D. Several hundred asteroids had been identified by the end of the nineteenth century.
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The Box-Office Numbers
The Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA)* has produced a 24-page report that summarizes box-office data, primarily using bold charts and graphs. To access the entire report, “2009 U.S. Theatrical Market Statistics,” go to http://www.mpaa.org/2009-US- Report.pdf. Highlights of the report include: ● In 2005, the U.S. movie industry’s box-office revenues(收入) totaled $16.96 billion, with almost half of that, $8.41 billion, produced from domestic (U.S.) audiences and the rest from international audiences. ● In 2009, the U.S. movie industry’s box-office revenues totaled $25.82 billion, with just over one-third of that, $9.49 billion, coming from domestic audiences and the rest from international audiences. Both domestic and foreign ticket sales increased from 2008, but the foreign revenues grew more. ● For the first time in 2009, a film earned more than $400 million domestically (Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man’s Chest). Films earning between $50 and $99 million grew in number, going from 36 films in 2008 to 45 films in 2009. Overall, films earning more than $50 million went from 56 films in 2008 to 63 in 2009. ● Number of new films released in the United States: 1998 420 films 2005 449 films 2008 535 films 2009 599 films ● Film lovers keep going to the movies, even when they have alternative technology at home. Those who own or have access to four or more other technologies (DVD player, satellite TV, etc.) went to a theater to see a movie about 10 times per year. Those who owned fewer than four alternative technologies went to the movies only seven times per year. ● U.S. movie admissions were at an all-time high in 2009, with nearly 1.5 billion tickets sold. *MPAA is a nonprofit organization formed by six large studios to work on behalf of the film industry. On its Web site [http://www.mpaa.org], MPAA describes itself as “The Voice and Advocate of the American Motion Picture, Home Video and Television Industries. ”
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70. The Motion Picture Association of America aims to ____________. A. conclude box-office data and give reports B. make full use of bold charts and graphs C. download relative reports from the website D. control U.S. Theatrical Market Statistics 71. Which of the following is true about the U.S. movie industry’s box-office revenues? A. The revenues coming from international audiences totaled $8.41 billion in 2005. B. The revenues produced from domestic audiences added up to $25.82 billion in 2009. C. The foreign revenues grew more compared with domestic ticket sales from 2008. D. A film firstly made more than $400 million both at home and abroad in 2009. 72. Highlights of the report include the following aspects except___________. A. the U.S. movie industry’s box-office revenues B. the number of the newly released U.S. movies C. the status of film lovers’ going to the cinemas D. the U.S. movie admissions to six large studios 73. Why does MPAA describe itself as “The Voice and Advocate of the American Motion Picture, Home Video and Television Industries. ”? A. Because MPAA is an organization with no intention to earn money. B. Because MPAA is made up of all the large studios throughout America. C. Because MPAA devotes itself to working standing for the film industry. D. Because MPAA runs a world-wide web site reflecting the Motion Picture. (C) For ages the word has been going around that the dog is the man’s best friend. I agree. A dog can be handy as a night watchman around the house, as a pointer on a hunting trip, as a guardian and playmate for the children. But I think that having a dog for a pet is so expensive and annoying that I can do without such a friend. Providing for the dog’s needs is so expensive that the animal should be an income tax deduction(扣除). There’s the medical bill for shots to keep the animal healthy. Unless it’s kept in the house 24 hours a day, a female must be given “preventive maintenance,” a ten- to twenty-dollar investment. Otherwise, before you know it, you’ll have more “income tax deductions” in your family. And dogs have to eat. Don’t think you can buy a case of Ken-L-Ration and be done with it. A dog can be as particular about food as a French expert. To feed even a Chihuahua, a very small Mexican dog, you’ll spend three to five dollars a week. If you own a big dog, you need a large dog-house. They’re expensive. A carpenter will build a luxurious model for about seventy-five dollars. For about thirty dollars’ worth of materials, a weekend’s work, and a smashed thumb, you can build a simple one yourself. And these are only the major costs. A dog is so annoying that no one in his right mind would want to own one. Consider the dog owner blessed with a dog that fetches—slippers, rubber toys, newspapers. Have you eased your bare feet into slippers bitten by dogs, seen a living room destroyed by a toy boxer, tried to read a newspaper chewed to wet pieces by an obedient Boston bull? And dogs make noise. Some huge dogs — 9 —
bark all night. But you aren’t the only one to endure sleepless nights; your neighbors let you know they didn’t sleep either. Policemen are frequent visitors to dog owners’ homes. They inquire about holes reported dug in neighbors’ flower beds, prize cats injured and bleeding, and pet chickens and ducks sent to their reward. Suspect: your dog! You deny everything, of course. Rex, you assure the officers, was asleep by the door. But you secretly suspect him, because you don’t really know where Rex was all week. And you remember wondering why feathers were floating in his water bowl yesterday. Dogs are annoying. Neither a fire-breathing mother-in-law nor a talkative wife will prove more annoying to man than a dog. Dog lovers will, of course, claim my argument one-sided, even exaggerated. They might consider me as cruel as the Russians, who possibly attempting to solve their own canine crisis— shot Fido into orbit. But the fact remains, if our best friends caused us the expense and annoyance our dog does, we’d soon encourage them to become astronauts. 74. Which statement is NOT true about the dog as man’s best friend? A. A dog will help to watch people. B. A dog will guard your house at night. C. A dog will play with your children. D. A dog will serve as a guide for the hunters. 75. In paragraph 2, “preventive maintenance” means a measure to _________. A. keep the dog in the house the whole day B. invest ten to twenty dollars in female dogs C. prevent a female dog from becoming pregnant D. provide for the food that dogs eat 76. Policemen frequently visit dog owners’ homes because __________. A. the police station was destroyed by dogs B. neighbor ’s domestic pets were killed or injured C. they want to ask about neighbor ’s flowers D. they can’t stand sleepless nights any more 77. From the last two paragraphs, we can learn that _______________. A. a dog is not as annoying as a fire-breathing mother-in-law B. it is more difficult for man to cope with a talkative wife than with a dog C. dog lovers prove to be as cruel as the Russians in the argument D. a dog is a troublemaker that causes its owner the most annoyance Section C Directions: Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words. On October 29, 1929, the United States stock market crashed. In the days that followed, banks and businesses closed, the number of unemployed workers rose to 15 million, and many people lost their savings. As the economic crisis wore on, it became known as the Great Depression. It left many — 10 —
people feeling anxious and uncertain about the future. Within days of his inauguration(就职典礼) in 1933, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt(FDR) began taking steps to stabilize the banking system, support the economy, and provide jobs for unemployed workers. To keep the American public informed about the changes that were underway, he gave a series of radio addresses called fireside chats. FDR used these broadcasts to speak about a number of issues. The first of Roosevelt’s fireside chats was delivered on Sunday, March 12, 1933. His goal in this message was to explain the bank crisis in the United States. He explained to American why banks had run out of money. Roosevelt assured people that their money was safe and that they could get their money when they really needed it. He said that most of the banks would be open the next day and that others would be open again very soon. His message’s purpose was to restore Americans’ confidence in their banking system. Roosevelt’s chats to America were popular with the people. Many looked forward to hearing what FDR had to say. The White House did not always tell the public whether a particular radio address was to be regarded as a fireside chat. As a result, there is some question about the exact number of these speeches. Twenty-eight such addresses were definitively identified, and two other radio addresses could have also been chats. Roosevelt delivered his messages throughout much of the time that he was president. He delivered his final fireside chat on June 12, 1944. The focus was opening a fifth war-loan drive. He complimented the American people for supporting the war effort with the purchase of more than $32 billion of war bonds. He encouraged them to buy more as the war effort continued to cost money every day, money that he confidently predicted would lead to final victory. (Note: Answer the questions or complete the statements in NO MORE THAN TEN WORDS.) 78. ______________ led to the Great Depression according to the passage.
79. What’s the purpose of Roosevelt’s fireside chats?
80. Roosevelt delivered his first fireside chat to assure people of ______________.
81. Why did Roosevelt praise the American people in his final fireside chat?
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第 II 卷 （共 47 分）
I. Translation Directions: Translate the following sentences into English, using the words given in the brackets. 1．前天, 许多物理学家出席了颁奖典礼。（present） 2．选举结果出乎预料，这令大多数人颇为失望。 （which） 3．只有相关各方更多地关注青少年，他们才能形成正确的价值观。（Only） 4．他从没想到保护水资源的文化和社会因素也应被列入考虑范围。（occur） 5．虽然大多数孩子喜欢吃快餐，但科学研究显示汉堡和匹萨缺乏身体健康和成长所必需的矿 物质及维生素。(Although)
II. Guided Writing Directions: Write an English composition in 120-150 words according to the instructions given below in Chinese. 你叫 Jenny，你的网友 Peter（高一学生）即将面临期末考试，近日，他就是否要请家教来 帮他复习迎考发邮件向你求教，请给 Peter 回复一封电子邮件，邮件必须包括以下内容： 1．结合你自身的学习经历就是否要请家教表达你的观点及理由； 2．就复习迎考给出 2 条主要建议。
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