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Module 5

Unit 3 Science versus nature

★本单元重要单词: 动词: 1 克隆________ 2) 收养,领养;采用,采纳________ 3)收割(庄稼)_______ 4) 使改变外观或性质(尤指往好的方向) ;使改变形态______ 5)实施;指挥乐队_________ 6) 证实,证明;确认;使确信________ 7)使惊吓,使惊恐____________ 8)调整,修改;修饰__________ 9) 插入,嵌入 _______ 10) 获益;对……有用________ 名词: 11) 克隆出来的动物或植物____________12)胚胎___________13)(生物的)组织; 纸巾__________14) 怪 物____________ 15)细胞;小隔间;电池_______ 16)哺乳动物_________17) 意图,目的; 企图_________ 18) 忧虑 , 焦 虑 , 不安 _________ 19) 女售 货员 ; 女 推销 员 ___________ 20 ) 意大 利人 ; 意大 利语 _________ 21) 医师; 内科医生_________ 22) )山羊________ 23)结果,后果_______ 24)收获;收成 ____________ 25) 概念, 观念________ 26) 罪;罪行_______ 27) 男子, 家伙;同事,同类________ 28) 职业, 行业________29) 辐射,放射线________ 30) 突破__________ 31) 判断力;看法,评价;(法律) 判决________ 32) 关系,亲戚_________ 33)公共关系___________ 34) 多数,大多数__________ 35)总结;概括,概要_____________ 36)仔细考虑;必须考虑的因素;体谅,顾及__________ 37)饥饿; 饥 荒_______ 38) 营养_______ 39)农业_________ 40) 水道;航道;隧道_______ 41) 赞同,支持; 恩惠,帮助;偏爱,偏袒_______ 42) 灾难,灾祸________43)资源___________44)英亩__________ 45)雨林 ________46) 收入, 收益_________ 47) 遗传学 ___________48)脱痒核糖核酸 ___________ 49) 害虫 ___________50) 利润, 收益___________ 51)一系列;一连串(人或事)__________ 52)食物链________53)准许,许可,批准_________ 形容词: 54)真实的,现实生活中的________ 55) 精确的,准确的_________56) 苏格兰的________ 57)法律许 可的,合法的__________ 58)意大利的_________59)原来的,起初的;首创的;非复制的__________ 60) 美 味的 , 可口的 _______ 61) 普通的 , 一般的 _________62) 可信赖的 , 可依靠的 ________63) 准确的 ;精确的 _________ 64)短时间的,短暂的;简洁的,简单的________65)真实的,实际的_________ 66)转基因的_________ 副词: 67)从基因上,与基因基因相关________ ★本单元重要词组: 一方面…另一方面 指出 戏弄,摆弄;把….当儿戏 即将成为… 一般说来,大体上 考虑做 为了,以…为目的 对...表示尊重 非常渴望 某人自己的 推进,推行 成功地做某事 待售,出售的 用完 评论 以……告终 完全赞同 从??角度来说 理解,算出; 实施 对…做出回应 毕竟;别忘了 (偶尔)碰到,发现 耗尽体力,累垮 认真考虑 有意义,讲得通 赞扬(某人) 准备就绪,布置妥当 想出,理解,算出 几天前 使……苏醒 赞同,支持 在某人看来 结果是 追寻某人的足迹,效仿 满足某人的要求 局限于 二、 【要点】 1.…we may be on our way to producing a real-life Frankenstein’s monster.

on one’s (the) way to doing sth. “在去…的途中;即将达到”, to 是介词,后接名词、代词或动名词短语。. 她就要康复了。 by the way 顺便问问,顺便说说 by way of 途经 a way 在某种意义上,在某种程度上

in one’s (the) way 挡路

in this way 用这种方式

2.on the one hand…on the other hand 一方面… …另一方面,一方面……而,常用来引出两种不同的 观点,重点常在后一种观点。 一方面, 我喜欢工资高的工作,但是另一方面我又很喜欢我目前的工作。 3. Some scientists are now considering cloning human beings. consider doing something 考虑(打算)做某事。后面常常用“ing”形式。例如: 我曾经想换个工作。 The Chinese government is seriously considering bidding to host the 2018 FIFA World Cup. 这些动词常见的有:admit(承认), appreciate(欣赏,感谢), avoid(避免), consider(考虑,打算), delay(推迟), dislike(讨厌), enjoy(喜欢), escape(逃脱), feel like(想要), finish, forgive(宽恕, 原谅), can’t help(忍不住), imagine(设想,想象), involves(涉及,包括), (not) mind(介意), miss (逃脱,避免), practice(训练), prevent, resist(抵制), risk(冒险), suggest, etc. 例如: Can you imagine settling on the moon someday? 你能想象有一天能住到月球上去吗? The operation involves putting a small tube into the patient’s heart. 另外,consider 还可以是“认为(是) ”的意思,常用复合宾语结构: I consider it a great honour to be invited. 承蒙邀请我倍感荣幸。 They considered themselves (to be) Europeans. 他们认为自己是欧洲人。 4. adopt vt. 收养,领养;采用,采纳(议案、意见等) adopt measures/new methods/an idea 采取措施/采用新办法/采纳意见 an adopted son 养子 adopted words 外来词 Mr. King adopted the orphan as his own son. 金先生将那孤儿收养为自己的儿子。 We are willing to adopt your plan. 我们愿意采用你的计划。 [词语辨析] ▲adopt 收养,领养;采用,采纳(议案、意见等) ▲adapt(使)适合, (使)适应 [常用词组] adapt…to… 使…适应;adapt…for… 改编 她必须使自己适应当地的情况。 这部小说被改编成了剧本。

5. While cloning human embryos is not legal in many countries, some scientists are already pushing ahead
with research in order to produce a cloned human baby. while (conj.) 当…的时候,和…同时(引导时间状语从句) (conj.) 然而,虽然,尽管(引导让步状语从句) John came in while I was typing a letter. (while 引导_______状语从句) While he was hated by others, I liked him. (while 引导_______状语从句) 6. The first mammal to be cloned successfully from an adult cell was Dolly the sheep. (P42—Ls8-9) 第 一只成功地用成年动物细胞克隆出的哺乳动物是多利羊。 to be cloned 作定语,修饰 the first mammal。 名词前有序数词修饰,常用不定式作定语。 That was the first play to be performed that year. 在中国,杨利伟是第一个被送入太空的人。 7. normal n.& a. 正常的(状态)(P42L11) [词语辨析] normal, common, general 和 ordinary 的用法比较

▲normal 指“正常的”、“正规的”、“常态的” a normal child 智力正常的儿童 above /below normal 标准以上/下 return to normal 恢复正常 ▲common 强调“常见的, 不足为奇的; 共同的, 公共的, 公有的; 普通的”。如: [常见词组]common interests 共同利益 common knowledge 常识 in common with 和…一样 in common 共同,共有,共用 ▲ordinary: (与众多同类的东西相比)强调“平常的”、“平淡无奇的”。 [常见词组]ordinary dress 平常服装 ordinary force【军】 常规部队 out of the ordinary 不平常的,非凡的; 例外的 ▲general 意为“普遍的”,“一般的”,“普通的;概括的, 全面的, 大体的,大致的”。 [常见词组]the general opinion 一般的舆论 in general= generally 一般地;大体上;通常;多半;一般而言 8. majority n. 多数, 大半 P56 in the majority 拥有多数的;占多数的 a majority of 许多的,大量的 the majority of 大多数的 At the meeting, young people were in the majority. 在会上年轻人占大多数。 大多数医生认为,吸烟有害健康。 The majority were/was against the plan. 多数人不赞成这个计划。 (注:majority 与 of 连用,主要指人,谓语动词用复数。单独使用时,后面的谓语动词用单数或复数 均可。 ) 9. Would anyone say development should be stopped in favour of nature?(P58Ls8-9) 1) in favour of 意思是“赞同,支持”,后面接名词、代词或动词的-ing 形式,如: The Council voted in favour of a 200 million housing development. I talked to Sue about the travel plan, and she is all in favor of going. 2) favour 还可以构成许多其它词组,如: in one’s favour 有利于,对某人有利 in somebody/something’s favour 支持,赞同 do somebody a favour 帮某人一个忙 ask somebody a favour 请某人帮个忙 return a favour 还某人一个人情 10.Nowhere is this truer than with genetically modified food.(P59-Ls4-5) 1) 句中 nowhere … truer…是比较级形式表示最高级的意义。 本句意思为: 转基因食品就是最好的例子。 2)本句以否定词 nowhere 开头,为倒装语序。如: Nowhere could I find a person to help me at that time. 三、写作 以 Cloning, help or harm? 为题,联系实际,结合自己的观点,写一篇 120 字以上的议论 文。

Cloning, help or harm? Cloning is producing an exact copy of a plant or an animal using its cells. It’s an advanced scientific product, which has caused much debate. Some people think cloning has its advantages, because valuable tissues and organs can be produced to help cure many diseases and save human lives. It also can help the couples without children. However, other people believe the disadvantages of cloning outweigh the advantages. If everything including humans can be cloned, there surely exist ethical(伦理) problems. On a personal note, cloning has some good and bad effects on its application in human society. For example, I like tasty GM food but it doesn’t mean I like a copy of me. Supposing that some day my copy commits a crime, how can I prove that I am not guilty. So whether cloning is helpful or harmful depends on how to use it. Using it properly, we can benefit a lot. But if we misuse it, no one can predict how negative the consequences could be. Thus, we have to take a cautious approach.

四、 【习题训练】A 组 单项填空 1. He has decided to go abroad to study with the ______ of improving his English and finding a better job when he returns. A. interview B. intention C. application D. consideration 2. Jim was very happy yesterday because he _______ the book that he wanted. A. came to B. came across C. came about D. came out 3. The couple are unable to have children of their own, but hope to _______ one. A. adapt B. receive C. adopt D. keep

4. ______ English can be difficult to learn, it is a very useful tool for communication.
A. Because B. As C. Once D. While 5. We were ordered to __________ our research into people’s diets. A. push ahead with B. push ahead C. go ahead D. pull ahead with 6. When the headmaster spoke out his plan, the _______of the students in the class _______ against it. A. majority; were B. most; were C. most; did D. majority; did 7. All the candidates were _______ the street to be named after a great man _______ his great contributions to the city. A. in favor of; in need of C. in praise of; in favor of C. in praise of; in need of C. in favor of; in honor of 8. When it comes to job interviews, first , including the way you speak, are extremely important. A.introductions B.impressions C.considerations D.permissions 9. Generally speaking, the speaker would make a(n) self-introduction before beginning his topic. A.actual B.accurate C.brief D.original 10. —The last one pays the meal. —Agreed! A.arrived B.to arrive C.arrives D.arriving B 组 完成译文 根据中文原文完成下列各英文译文。 (每空限填一个词) 1. 别这么拼命,------你会累坏的。 Stop working so hard--- you’ll get __________ ________. 2. 如果你把要花在维修上的钱考虑进去,这房子就有点贵了。 If you ______ _____ _________ the money you will spend on repairs, this house is a little bit expensive. 3. 该官员拒绝对此事发表意见。 The official refused to ___________ ______ the matter. 4. 我们将买更多的电脑以满足学生的需要。 We will buy more computers to ______the _________ of the students. 5. 为了学法语,他去了法国。 He went to France _____ the _________ of learning French. 6. 他希望追随杨利伟的脚步成为一名宇航员。 He has hopes of ________ the ___________ Yang Liwei and becoming an astronaut. 7. 如果你继续行窃, 你终将以搬起石头砸自己的脚而告终. If you continue to steal, you'll _____ _____ lifting a stone only to have it drop on your own foot. 8. 现将那块地按该价出售,任何人都可购买。 The land is now ______ ______ at that price to anyone.


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