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分词在高考写作的应用


分词在高考写作中的应用

? 2012年广东高考 基础写作 ? Born on March 7, 1915, Allan Stewart, an Australian, became the oldest man to obtain a master’s degree over the world in 2006. He believed that one is never too old to challenge oneself. He got his first degree in 1936 and then his doctor’s degree of medicine. In his eighties, he decided to study law, after which he obtained his third degree in 2006. In 2012, he managed to get his fourth degree by online learning and won praise from his teacher for his good time management in study.

2013年广东高考 基础写作 About thirty volunteers to the Mars will have been selected throughout the world by 2015. The candidates, aged at least 18 years old, are expected to make preparations for the fact that they can't return to the earth. Moreover, the candidates should be willing to keep good relations with others. Experts believe that the living conditions on the Mars would be too tough and the volunteers would be faced with bitterly cold climate, loneliness and fear. However, some volunteers claim that , tired of the life on the earth , they want to experience the life on the Mars, adding that they will be the heroes of mankind if they succeed.

? 2014年广东高考 基础写作 ? Richard Avis, a British, was born on December 1st, 1974. In order to understand the meaning of successful life in different cultures, Richard, from 2011, began to seek time twins around the world. With the help of the local media, he has already found 32 time twins from 13 countries, of whom there are 17 males and 15 females. Their positions include government officials, athletes, drivers, teachers, artists and so on. Richard intends to find 40 time twins before his birthday and he is going to write a book based on this experience.

在英语写作中如能灵活使用分词 来整合信息,可以使语言表达更 简练,也是简单句看起来更“高 级”,使改卷老师有眼前一亮的 感觉。

Have a try. Rewrite the following sentences.
1. If we were given more time, we would be able to do the work much better. ?Given more time, we would be able to do the work much better. 2. All the visitors left and they left rubbish everywhere. All the visitors left , leaving rubbish everywhere. 3. The book is worth reading. It is written by Luxun. The book written by Luxun is worth reading.

一、分词作定语 分词作定语,通常放在所修饰词的后面,即作后置定语。 分词和被修饰的名词构成逻辑上的主动或者被动关系, 主动关系时用现在分词, 是被动关系时用过去分词。 作定语的分词短语可以装换成由相对应的关系词引导的 定语从句。 Eg1. 然而,选择“伟人”(作偶像)的男生的比例 与女生的比例相同。(2007年广东高考) However, the percentage of the boys choosing great man as their idol is the same as that of the girls.

Eg2. 由Amy Chua 著的《虎妈战歌》 (Battle Hymn of The Tiger Mother)一书于2010年出版。(2011年 广东高考)
The book, Battle Hymn of The Tiger Mother, written by Amy Chua, was published in 2010. OR: A book entitled Battle Hymn of The Tiger Mother by Amy Chua was published in 2010.

? ?

二、分词作状语 分词作状语,可表示时间、原因、条件、结果、伴 随等,可转化为由when、because、if 等引导的状 语从句,一般放在句首;表示结果和伴随时常放句 末,可转化为and 连接的并列句。过去分词表完成, 被动, 与主句主语之间是被动关系。 现在分词表进 行,主动,与主句主语之间是主动关系。注意:分词 做状语,分词的逻辑主语与句子的主语一致。 Seen from the top of the hill, he found the city looked beautiful. 误 Seeing from the top of the hill, he found the city looked beautiful. 正

Eg1. 据王教授说,我国中小学生近视率略高于百分之五十 排在世界第一位。(2009年广东高考) According to Professor Wang, slightly more than half of the school children in our country are shortsighted, ranking the first in the world. Eg2. 射击最初(创造出来)只是作为生存工具,19世纪 晚期才发展成为一项体育运动。(2008年广东高考) Shooting, originated as a means of survival, developed into a sport only in the late 19th century.

? 合并句子
? 1. Jack died. He left me 4 collections of CD. ? 2. He returned to London last week. He had lived abroad for ten years. ? 3. Forty percent of the students agree that students can take smart cell phones to school. They argue that smart cell phone is helpful in school. ? 4. He was exhausted by the long journey. He soon fell asleep. ? 5. The measures are very effective. The measures are taken by the government. ? 6. The tall building is our library. It is surrounded by many big trees.

?

1. Jack died. He left me 4 collections of CD. Jack died, leaving me 4 collections of CD.

?

2. He returned to London last week. He had lived abroad for ten years. Having lived abroad for ten years, he returned to London last week. 3. Forty percent of the students agree that students can take smart cell phones to school. They argue that smart cell phone is helpful in school. Forty percent of the students agree that students can take smart cell phones to school, arguing that smart cell phone is helpful in school.

?

? 4. He was exhausted by the long journey. He soon fell asleep. Exhausted by the long journey, he soon fell asleep. ? 5. The measures are very effective. The measures are taken by the government. The measures taken by the government are very effective. ? 6. The tall building is our library. It is surrounded by many big trees. ? The tall building surrounded by many big trees is our library.

? ?

?
? ? ?

Translate the following sentences using the participle as adverbial or attributive . 1、在地球村开设了二十多个展馆,代表美国、 英国等不同国家。(2012深圳一模) 2、我们已经决定这个周末去一个叫凤凰山的 地方外出郊游。(1012年汕头二模) 3、我们呼吁少一点家庭作业,使学生有更多 睡眠和锻炼的时间。(2011六校联考) 4、茂名数字科技馆(MMDSTM)坐落于茂名 市图书馆一楼,总占地1000平方米。(2012年 茂名二模) 5、1911年12月11日出生于浙江一个富裕之家, 钱学森少时天资聪明,被称为“神童”。 (2011年肇庆二模)

? 1、在地球村开设了二十多个展馆,代表美国、英国等 不同国家。(2012深圳一模) ? In the Global Village 20 exhibition halls were built over in the Global Village representing different countries such as US and UK. ? 2、我们已经决定这个周末去一个叫凤凰山的地方外出 郊游。(1012年汕头二模) ? We have decided to go for an outing to a place called Fenghuang Mountain this weekend. ? 3、我们呼吁少一点家庭作业,使学生有更多睡眠和锻 炼的时间。(2011六校联考) ? We call for less homework, thus leaving students more time to sleep and take exercise.

? 4、茂名数字科技馆(MMDSTM)坐落于茂名市 图书馆一楼,总占地1000平方米。
? Located on the 1st floor of Maoming Library, MMDSTM covers/occupies a total area of 1.000 square meters.

? 5、1911年12月11日出生于浙江一个富裕之家, 钱学森少时天资聪明,被称为“神童”。 ? Born into a wealthy family in Zhejiang Province
on December 11, 1911, Qian Xuesheng was so clever that he was regarded as a super talented boy in his childhood.

Assignment
? 全优课堂P127写作步步高



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