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表语从句讲解及专项练习、答案


表语从句讲解及专项练习 概念: 表语从句是在复合句中作表语的名词性从句。 放在系动词之后,一般结构是“主语+系动词+表语从句” 可以接表语从句的连系动词有 be, look, remain, seem 等。 ★ The trouble is that we are short of money.困难是我们资金短缺。 ★ That is why stone walls are us

ed instead of fences around New England fields.这就是为什么 在新英格兰用石头墙而不用栅栏的原因。 ★ At that time, it seemed as if I couldn't think of the right word anyhow.当时,我似乎怎么也想不 出一个恰当的字眼来。 引导表语从句的词: 从属连词 that、whether、as though、 as if(That 引导表语从句时,在口语中,间或可以省 略。 ) 关系代词 who, what, which, whom, whose, whatever, whoever, whomever, whichever 等; 关系副词 when, where, why, how, however, whenever, wherever 等。 ※ 由从属连词 that,whether 引导的表语从句。 that 在引导表语从句时无词义,而 whether 有词义,意为、“是否”。这时主句的主语常常是 些抽象名词, 如 question(问题), trouble(麻烦), problem(问题), result(结果), chance(可能性), suggestion(建议),idea(想法),reason(理由)等。表语从句对主句主语进行说明、解释,使主 语的内容具体化。 例如: ★ The trouble is (that) she has lost his money. 麻烦的事是他丢了钱。 ★ The question is whether we need more ice cream.问题是我们是否还需要一些冰淇淋。 ★ The problem was that it was too valuable for everyday use.问题是它作为日常之用太贵 重了。 ★ What she couldn’t understand was that fewer and fewer students showed interest in her lessons. 我们不能理解越来越少的学生对他的课不感兴趣。 ※ 由关系代词引导的表语从句。 关系代词 who, what, which, whom, whose, whatever, whoever, whomever, whichever 等引导表 语从句,在句中作主语、宾语、表语,关系代词不能省略。 例如: ★ The question is which of us should go.问题是我们哪一个应该去。 ★ The problem was who could do the work.问题是谁能做这项工作。 ★ That's what he is worrying about.那就是他在担心的事。

★ That's what we should do.那是我们应该做的。 ※由关系副词引导的表语从句。 关系副词 when, where, how, why 除在句子起连接作用外,在从句中还充当时间,地点,方 式或原因状语,本身具有词义。 例如: ★Go and get your coat. It's where you left it. 去把雨衣拿来。就在你原来放的地方。 ★ I had neither a raincoat nor an umbrella. That’s why I got wet through. 我们既没伞也没 雨衣,这是我们淋湿的原因。 ★ That is how mice ruin many stores of grain every year.那就是老鼠是怎样每年损害大量 粮食的。 ★ That is what he is worried about.那就是他所担心的。 ※ 由连词 because,as if/as though 等引导的表语从句。 ★ It looked as if it was going to snow.看起来好像要下雪了。 ★ That's because we never thought of it.这是因为我们从未想过此事。 ★ It seems as if he didn’t know the answer.好像他不知道答案。 注意 A. 表语从句一定要用陈述语序。 False: The question is when can he arrive at the hotel. Right: The question is when he can arrive at the hotel. B. 不可以用 if,而用 whether 连接表语从句(as if 例外) 。 引导宾语从句时可以互换 if/whether 位于介词后要用 whether 位于句首时要用 whether。 引导表语从句,主语从句,同位语从句时要用 whether。 False: The question is if the enemy is marching towards us. Right: The question is whether the enemy is marching towards us. Right: It looked as if he had understood this question. C.不像宾语从句,在有表语从句的复合句中,主句时态和从句时态可以不一致。 Right: The question is who will travel with me to Beijing tomorrow. Right: The question is why he cried yesterday. D. that 在表语从句中不可以省掉。 基本用法 表语从句只能置于主句之后,而主句的动词只能是联系动词。 名词性从句在 be 等系动词后作表语时被称为表语从句 例如: ★The problem is how we can get the things we need. 问题是我们怎样能弄到我们需要的东西。 (how 在表语从句中充当方式状语) ★ The scissors are not what I need. 这把剪刀不是我所需要的。(what 在表语从句中充当 宾语) ★ What I told him was that I would find him a good play. 我告诉他的是我会给他找个好剧 本。(what 在主语从句中作直接宾语, that 作为表语从句的引导词在该表语从句中不充当句 子成分,不能省略)

★ That is what I want to tell you.那就是我想要对你讲的。 (what 在表语从句中充当直接 宾语) ★ That is why she failed to pass the exam. 那就是她考试不及格的原因。 (why 在表语从句 中充当原因状语) 表语测试 1. The question is ________ we will have our sports meet next week. A. that B. if C. when D. whether 2.The reason why he failed is ________he was too careless. A. because B. that C. for D. because of 3. Go and get your coat. It’ s ________you left it A. where B. there C. there where D. where there 4.The problem is _________to take the place of Ted A. who can we get B. what we can get C. who we can get D. that we can get 5. What I want to know is ______ he likes the gift given by us. A. that B. if C. whether D.不填 6. The reason is_________ I missed the bus. A. that B. when C. why D. what 7. That is __ ___ we were late last time. A. that B. when C. why D. what 8. She looked _________ she were ten years younger. A. that B. like C. as D. as though 9.—I fell sick! --I think it is _______ you are doing too much. A. why B. when C. what D. because 10. The reason why he hasn’t come is ___________. A. because his mother is ill B. because of his mother’s being ill C. that his mother is ill D. for his mother is ill 11. —He was born here. -- That is _______ he likes the place so much. A. that B. what C. why D. how 12.That is ______ Lu Xun once lived. A. what B. where C. that D. why 13._______your father wants to know is________ getting on with your studies. A. What; how are you B. That;how you are C. How;that you are D. What;how you are 14. The trouble is__________ we are short of tools. A. what B. that C. how D. why that 15. America was __________was first called “India” by Columbus. A. what B. where C. the place D. there where

16. China is becoming stronger and stronger. It is no longer_________ . A. what it used to be C. what it used to being B. what it was used to being D. what it was used to be

17. ________he really means is ________he disagrees with us. A. What … that B. That … what C. What … what D. That … what

18. The energy is ________ makes the cells able to do their work. A. that B. which C. what D. such

19 —I drove to Zhuhai for the air show last week. —Is that_____ you had a few days off? A. why B .what C. when D. where

20 .I had neither a raincoat nor an umbrella ____I got wet through. A. It’s the reason B. That’s why C. There’s why D. It’s how

21. See the flags on top of the building? That was ______ we did this morning. A. when B. which C. where D. what

22. --- Are you still thinking about yesterday’s game?

---Oh, that’s _____. A. what makes me feel excited C. how I feel about it B. whatever I feel excited about D. when I feel excited

23. What surprised me was not what he said but ______ he said it. A. the way B. in the way that C. in the way D. the way which

答案 1~5: DBACC 6~10 :ACDDC 11~15:CBDBA 16~20: AACAB 21~23: DAA


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