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选修7 Unit1 Reading Language points导学案

选修 7 Unit1 Reading 导学案
一、 自主学习(英汉互译) 1、overcome____=____ 2、mental disability ____ 3、learning difficulty_______ 4、hearing problem _____5、 brain injury_____ 6、loss of an arm or a leg______

7、做某事感到自豪___ 8、通过大学入学考试___9、过着忙碌的生活_________ 10、be suitable for______11、play a major part in______ 12、glance at________ 13、换句话说________ 14、in addition_________ 15、used to do_________

16、in fact_____ =________ 17、in the end________ 18、cut out________ 19、out of breath______(思考与 out 相关的短语)out of work/date/sight/order/… 20、make sb. annoyed_______21、all in all________ 22、in many ways______ 23、make fun of________ 24、sit around________ 25、at least_________

26、absence_______(形容词)_______ 27、feel sorry for sb. ________ 28、参加比赛__________ 29、able____(反义词)___ disabled_____(名词)_____ 30、live a normal life__________ 二、合作探究 重点词汇 1、ambition n.雄心,野心 full of ambition 野心勃勃 achieve one’s ambition 实现某人的夙愿

have the ambition for sth. 渴望得到某物 a lack of ambition 缺乏远大志向 e.g.:The young man ____________fame and gain.那个年轻人对名利有野心。 ambitious adj. 有野心的,有志气的 be ambitious for sth. 渴望得到某物 2、beneficial adj. 有益的,受益的 be beneficial to sb./sth.对……有益 e.g.:Cycling _________health and the environment.骑自行车对身体和环境都有益。 benefit v. & n. 有助于,受益;利益, 好处 benefit from/by 从……中受益 for the benefit of 为了……的利益

e.g.:Both sides __________ the talks.双方都从会谈中受益。

3、adapt v. (1) 使适应;使适合 adapt to 适应于 adapt oneself to 使自己适应

e.g.:She ____ herself quickly ___ her new job. (2) 改编;改写 adapt sth. for sth. 把……改变成…… adapt sth. from sth. 根据……改编……

e.g.:It’s hard to _____________. 要将这个故事改编为电影很困难。 4、区分 worthwhile、worth、worthy (1)worthwhile adj. 值得做的,值得花时间的 固定用法 It be worthwhile doing sth./to do sth. 干某事是值得的。 e.g.:It is worthwhile visiting/ to visit the Great Wall. (2)worth adj. 有……价值;值……钱;值得 sth. be worth sth./doing sth…….是值得的。 e.g.:The museum is worth a visit.=The museum is worth visiting. (3)worthy adj. 值得的 sth. be worthy of sth./ of being done sth. be worthy to be done e.g.:The film is worthy of being seen.= The film is worthy to be seen. 这个电影值得一看。 重点句型。 1、I think I had at least a billion tests , including one in which they cut out… (1)include v. “包括”;including 是介词,后接名词;included 则置于名词后,相 当于 including +n. (2)介词 in 加 which 引导非限制性定语从句。 e.g.:Many students are fond of playing basketball, including me/me included. He has a big house, _____ he can even play football. 2、Every time I returned after an absence, I felt… every time 引导时间状语从句,意为“每当……时,每次……”

e.g.:I’ll remember the teacher’s words______ I see the picture. 3、I have a very busy life with no time to sit around feeling sorry for myself. 我的生活很充实。没有时间闲坐着顾影自怜。 句中 with no time to sit around 为 with 复合结构,作状语;现在分词短语 feeling sorry for myself 作伴随状语。 该结构为“with+宾语+宾补”,其宾补的常用形式如下: with+宾语+doing(表示主动或正在进行)/ done(表示被动或完成)/ to do(表将来,常用主动形式表被动)/adj. (表状态)/ adv.(表状态)/介词短语(表状态) e.g.:I feel tired with so much work _____every day. 每天都有那么多工作要做,我感到很累。 A young lady came in with a baby in her arms. 4、As well as going to the movies and football matches with my friends, I spend a lot of time with my pets. as well as 除了……之外;也;还;和;不但……而且……. e.g.:He is my English teacher as well as one of my close friends. My classmate reads English words at home _____________. 我的同学不但在学校里读英语单词,而且在家里也读。 as well as 连接词组作主语时,谓语动词与 as well as 之前的名词或代词在人称和 数上保持一致(舍近求远原则) ,有类似用法的词或短语还有:along with, together with, but, with, rather than, except, besides, including, in addition to 等。 e.g.:The father as well as his three children _____skating on the frozen river every day in winter. The teacher, with 6 girls and 8 boys of her class, ______(visit)a museum when the earthquake struck. 发生地震时,老师和她班上的六个女孩、八个男孩正在参观博物馆。 5、If I had a chance to say one thing to healthy children, it would be this: having… 本句的虚拟条件句是表示与现在事实相反的假设,其构成形式为:If +从句 主语+动词过去式,主句主语+should/would/could/might+动词原形。 e.g.:________________, he would help us.要是他在这儿的话,他会帮我们的。

思考:虚拟条件句的另外两种基本构成形式。 6、Just accept them for who they are, and give them encouragement to live as rich and full a life as you do. “as +adj. +a/an +as”表示“像……一样的……” e.g.:She is _____________her mother.她和她妈妈一样,都是好老师。 类似结构:so/how/too + adj. + a/an+ 可数名词 e.g.:It’s so difficult a problem that nobody can solve it. ____________he gave me! 他给了我一本多么有趣的书! 三、巩固练习。

Today I was having a PE lesson while I fell down and hurted my foot. I was in great pain at that moment,but I tried to act as if nothing happened until the class was over. Though I had difficulty walk back to my classroom, but I still didn’t tell anyone and even refused the offer of help from my classmates. As the result, the hurt on my foot became worse. Now I know I am wrong. We can tell others our need for help and accept their help. Someday we can help him in return. In this way, we can get along each other happily and peacefully. 二、语法填空。 My deskmate admires my fluent English very much and I usually feel ___1___ (encourage) by his compliments. One day, _2__ we learned the new word “eccentric” in class , we __3__(ask) to make a sentence with it. I volunteered to do it by saying “My deskmate is an eccent ricboy __4__clothes never fit him.” Hearing this, the whole class burst into __5_____ (laugh) and my deskmate’s face turned red. _6__class, I learned from the teacher tha t my deskmate __7_ (drop) out of school if he hadn’t been helped by others. My m indless words must__8__ (hurt) him deeply. Not until then did I realize words could be powerful in __9__positive and negative ways. We should avoid hurting others if don’t know how to speak__10__(proper).

三、翻译句子。 1、老师要求我们我们按时到校。(desire) 2、当他听到敌人的声音时就伸手去拿自己的枪。(reach for) 3、就是在上个月我在街上遇见我的老朋友。(强调句) 4、毛主席宣布中华人民共和国在 1949 年 10 月 1 日成立了。(declare) 5、我爸妈都出去了,把我一个人留在家里。(leave sb. alone) 6、一些有钱人出于同情心帮助残疾人。(sympathy) 7、年轻的母亲抱着怀里两个月大的婴儿跑开了。(用倒装结构) 8、他设法说服他妈妈给他买一小汽车。(manage) 9、今天我理发了。(have sth done) 10、与其说他聪明,不如说他幸运。

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