高一期末英语阅读表达练习题(By Marina) A 阅读下面短文，根据具体要求，尽可能简要回答问题，并将答案转写到答题卡上。 In China, more and more middle school students are getting shorter sleeping time than before. More students sleep less than nin
e hours every night, because they have much homework to do. Some homework is given by their teachers, and some by their parents. Also, some students don’t know how to save time. They are not careful enough while they do their homework, so it takes them a lot of time. Some students spend too much time watching TV or playing computer games. They stay up very late. Some students have to get up early every morning on weekdays to get to school on time by bus of by bike . It can be a long way from home to school. It will probably make them sleepy during school hours. Schools and parents should cut down some of the homework so that our children can enjoy more than nine hours of sleep every night for their health. For children, they should make the most (best use) of their time. When they have enough time for sleeping they will find it much better for both their study and health. 1. What make most students sleep less than nine hours every night? (回答词数不超过 5 个) ____________________________________________________________ 2. According to the article, who else gives children some homework to do except their teachers? (回答词数不超过 5 个) ____________________________________________________________ 3. What is the possible result if the students have enough time for sleeping? (回答词数不超过 14 个) ______________________________________________________________ B Farmers use different kinds of soil protection methods to keep their land from being damaged by farming or the forces of nature. One important form of soil protection is the use of windbreaks. Windbreaks are barriers (障碍) formed by trees and other plants. Farmers plant these barriers around their fields. There have been studies done on windbreaks in parts of West Africa, for example. They found that grain harvests can be twenty percent higher in fields protected by windbreaks ________________ fields without such protection. But windbreaks seem to work best when they allow some winds to pass through them. If the wall of trees and plants block the wind completely, the violent air motions (移动) will take place close to the ground. These motions will lift soil into the air where it will be blown away. For this reason, a windbreak is best if it has only sixty to eighty percent of the trees and plants needed to make a solid line. An easy rule to remember is that windbreaks can protect areas up to ten times the height of the tallest trees in the windbreak. There should be at least two lines in each windbreak. One line should be large trees. The second line, right next to it, can be shorter trees and other plants with leaves. Locally grown trees and plants are best for windbreaks. Windbreaks can stop the wind blowing soil away. They also keep the wind from destroying or damaging crops. They are very important for protecting grain crops. Questions: 1. List at least two advantages of windbreaks based on the text. (Please answer within 8 words.)
①______________________________. ②_________________________________. 2. What's the main idea of paragraph 4? (Please answer within 8 words.) __________________________________________________________________________ 3.Fill in the blank in paragraph 2 with proper words. (Please answer within 4 words.) _____________________________________________________________________________ 4.Which sentence in the text is the closest in meaning to the following one? If the wind can't pass through the windbreaks, the strong air movements will happen close to the ground. ____________________________________________________________________________ 5.Translate the underlined sentence in paragraph 5 into Chinese. _______________________________________________________________________ C Jiuzhaigou is a very beautiful place. It is in the Aba Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Region in Sichuan Province. Jiuzhaigou is a valley. It is more than 40 kilometers long. The green and golden trees, the lofty and multi-shaped mountains and the clear and colorful waters form the unique beauty of Jiuzhaogou. The water of Jiuzhaigou is the soul of the beauty. There are more than 100 lakes of different shapes in the valley. These lakes have wonderful colors. They are called “haizi”, which means son of the sea. It is these beautiful lakes that make Jiuzhaigou a fantastic place. Between the forests and the lakes, there are nine Tibetan villages. The name Jiuzhaigou means Nine Village Valley. Jiuzhaigou was discovered because of a panda rescue program. The pandas were once endangered because the bamboo there was blooming. When people came to rescue the pandas, they were surprised by the beauty of Jiuzhaigou. After that, Jiuzhaigou became a protected scenic area. In China, there is a saying which goes like this: No mountain is worth seeing after you have seen Mount Huang and no other body of water will attract you after you have visited Jiuzhaigou. The beauty of Jiuzhaigou cannot be described with mere words. The best way to enjoy this fairyland is to go there. See you in Jiuzhaigou. 76. What is the best title for the passage? (Please answer within 10 words.) ___________________________________________________________________________ 77. Which sentence in the passage can be replaced by the following? These beautiful lakes make Jiuzhaigou a fantastic place. ___________________________________________________________________________ 78. Translate the underlined sentence in the passage into Chinese. ___________________________________________________________________________ 79. How was the Jiuzhaigou Valley discovered? ___________________________________________________________________________. 80. What does the name Jiuzhaigou mean?
___________________________________________________________________________. D Let children judge their own work. A child learning to talk does not learn by being corrected all the time: if corrected too much, he will stop talking. He notices a thousand times a day the difference between the language he uses and the language those around him use. Bit by bit, he makes the necessary changes to make his language like other people's. In the same way, children learning to do all the other things they learn to do without being taught to walk, run, climb, whistle, ride a bicycle compare their own performances with those of more skilled people, and slowly make the needed changes. But in school we never give a child a chance to find out his mistakes and correct them for himself. We do it all for him. We act as if we thought that he would never notice a mistake unless it was pointed out to him, or correct it unless he was made to. Let him with the help of other children if he wants it, what this word says, what the answer is to that problem, whether this is a good way of saying or doing this or not. If it is a matter of right answer, as it may be in mathematics or science, give him the answer book. Let him correct his own paper. Why should we teachers waste time to such routine work? Our job should be to help the child when he tells us that he can't find the way to get the right answer. Let the children learn what all educated persons must some day learn, how to measure their own understanding, how to know what they know or do not know. 1. According to the passage, how does a child learn to speak correctly? (No more than 10 words) _______________________________________________________________________________ 2. According to the passage, what is the best way for children to learn things? (No more than 10 words) _______________________________________________________________________________ 3. According to the writer, what should teachers do in school? (No more than 10 words) _______________________________________________________________________________ 4. Please explain the underlined phrase ―work out‖ in English. (No more than 5 words) _______________________________________________________________________________ 5. According to the passage why do teachers seldom give students chance to correct their own mistakes? (The reason should be answered within no more than 20 words) _______________________________________________________________________________ E
Today, due to numerous medical and scientific advances, people are living longer than good start for getting you on your way to living a long and healthy life. Eat a balanced diet -- one that is rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and fiber and low in saturated fat, trans fat, and cholesterol. A well-balanced diet can provide your body with the essential nutrients needed to achieve and maintain optimum (最佳的) health. Be physically active -- try to incorporate 30 minutes of activity into your day, every day. The options are endless; start walking on the beach in the mornings, try jogging with a friend, or go for a bike ride in the afternoons. Make sure you choose activities that you enjoy, that way you'll be more likely to make them a habit. Get regular preventive check-ups --see your doctor regularly; remember your doctor is your partner in health care. By having regular check-ups, you may be able to catch small problems before they become big ones. Be safe -- use common sense and be streetsmart (适应都市生活的). Don't put yourself in situations that are questionable. Always wear your seatbelt and bike helmet. Don't go for a run, walk, or jog at night by yourself. Keep your home well lit and free of things that could make you fall. Stay in touch with family and friends -- get to know your neighbors. Take the time to be involved with your community. By creating a strong social network, you will not only have friends to celebrate with when good things happen, but also a support system in difficult times. Keep a positive attitude -- studies have shown that people who have a positive attitude tend to live longer, and lead healthier and happier lives. Try to find the humor in life. And remember to laugh. 1. What would be the best title for the passage? (No more than 10 words.) _______________________________________________________________________________ 2. Please explain the underlined word ―‖ in English (No more than 5 words) _______________________________________________________________________________ 3. Why do we need to get regular check-ups? ( No more than 10 words.) _______________________________________________________________________________ 4. What should you pay attention to when doing activities? ( No more than 15 words.) _______________________________________________________________________________ 5. What should you do to keep a positive attitude? ( No more than 10 words.) _______________________________________________________________________________
A 58. Doing homework. 59. Their parents. 60. They will find it much better for both their study and health. B 1. Protecting soil. Protecting crops.
2. The best way to build a windbreak. 3. compared with 4. If the wall of trees and plants block the wind completely, the violent air motions (移动) will take place close to the ground. 5. 防风林能阻止大风刮走土壤. 参考答案： C 76. The JiuzhaigouValley
77. It is these beautiful lakes that make Jiuzhaigou a fantastic place. 78. 当人们到这里拯救大熊猫的时候，九寨沟的美景使他们感到震惊。 79. Jiuzhaigou was discovered because of a panda rescue program. 80. The name Jiuzhaigou means Nine Village Valley. D
1. By comparing with other people’s language. 2. By doing (imitating) what others skilled people do. 3. Let / Allow children (to) learn from each other and correct themselves. 4. solve / deal with 5. Because they are afraid that students could not find out the mistakes by themselves. E 1. Tips on how to live a long and healthy life. 2. useful pieces of advice / suggestions
3. Because they can prevent serious illnesses at the very beginning. 4. Choose the activities you enjoy so that you’ll be more likely to make them a habit. 5. Try to be humorous and happy all the time.