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名词性从句总结


When we will go to America hasn’t been decided. We haven’t decided when we will go to America. The is when we will go to America. The when we will go to America

名词性从句的认识 Tell the

types of the following noun clauses
SC(主语从句)OC(宾语从句)PC(表语从句)AC(同位语从句)

1. What life will be like in the future is difficult to predict. SC 2. It is certain that things will change. SC 3. I don’t know when the meeting will be held. OC 4.The school of the future will probably be quite different from OC what they are today. 5.The discussion topic for today is what schools will be like PC in the future. 6. It looks as if they are very excited at the news. PC 7. The fact that Great Britain is made up of three countries AC is still unknown to many. 8. The suggestion that students should learn something practical AC is worth considering.

名词性从句:在复合句中起 _____作用的从句。 名词
主语从句 名词性从句 表语从句
be, look, sound, seem, appear, remain….. Vt / 介词后

宾语从句

同位语从句

名词性从句的考点
1、语序(order of speech) 2、whether/ if 3, what/ that 4. what/ whatever 5. whatever/ no matter what 6、时态(tense) 7、语气(mood) 8、形式作用的it 9、插入语

考点1、语序(order of speech)
找出下列句子中的错误,并总结出规律:

1. Can you tell me how many students are there in your class?
Can you tell me how many students there are in your

class? 2. The question is where has he gone.
The question is where he has gone.

3. when will the meeting begin is unknown .
when the meeting will begin is unkonwn

规律一:名词性从句中须使用陈述语序!

1. (06’ 上海春) These shoes look very good. I wonder ____. C A. how much cost they are B. how much do they cost C. how much they cost D. how much are they cost 2. (00’ 上海) Someone is ringing the doorbell. Go and see____. D A. who is he B. who he is C. who is it D. who it is

考点 2、 whether与if A 1. _ ___we will have a meeting hasn't been decided yet. 2. It hasn’t been decided ____we shall attend the meeting. C 3. He asked me ______I could go with him . C 4. It depends on ____the weather is suitable for us to do it. A A 5. The question is ____he himself will be present at the
meeting. A 6. The news _____ our team has won the match is unknown. 7. ______you like it or not, you must do it. A 8. He doesn’t know ____to stay or not. A 9. We didn’t know _____or not she was ready. A

A. whether

B. if

C. whether / if

? 规律二: 下面几种情况只能用whether, 不能用if : ? 1. 主语从句(位于句子开头); ? 2. 介词后宾语从句; ? 3. 表语从句 ? 4. 同位语从句 ? 5. 让步状语从句 ? 6. 后面直接跟to do时 ? 7. 直接跟or not 时

1.(06’江苏)We haven’t settled the question of c ___ it is necessary for him to study abroad. A. if B. where C. whether D. that 2.(07’湖北) _____he has been abroad doesn’t make much difference. (he, abroad) A. If B. What C. Where D. Whether

考点3. what与that
Complete the following sentences using what or that 1. That _______ she is a good student is known to us. what What 2._______ we can’t get seems better than ______we have. what 3. The police were called in to find out ______caused the big fire. that 4. They tell me that/ × she is a teacher and ____she teaches ________ English.

规律三: what // that 1. that : 在引导名词性从句中,只起引导作用,无意义,不充
当成分,不可省略,只有在引导第一个宾语从句时可省 。

2. what :有意义, 充当成分(主、宾、表、定);不可省略。

1. Some children want to challenge themselves by learning a language different from ______ their parents speak at home. A (2008浙江) A. what B. that C. which D. one
2. You can only be sure of ______ you have at present; you B cannot be sure of something __________ you might get in the future. (07安徽) A. that; what B. what; / C. which; that D. /; that

考点4.who 类词与whoever类词
任何破坏法律的人都应该 受到惩罚。
1.Who breaks the law shall be punished. (

×

)

2. Whoever breaks the law shall be punished.( ∨ )

1.who类词 ,有疑问意义,表示特指概念, 充当成分。 2. whoever类词 (whatever / whichever/ whomever/ whenever/ wherever): 无疑问意义,表示泛指概念;充 当成分。相当于anyone who , anything that,, any one that/ who, any time when, any place where.

c 1 __________ wants to stay in a hotel has to pay their own way. (08浙江) A. Anyone B. The one C. Whoever D. Who
2.(06’辽宁) ___ makes this shop different is that it offers more A personal services. A. What B. Who C. Whatever D. Whoever

考点5. no matter what类词与whatever类词
判断下列句子是否错误,并总结出规律:

规律五:

1. no matter what 类词(who/ which/ whom/ when/ where/ how): 只能引导让步状语从句,不能引导名词性从句. 2. whatever类词 (whoever/ whichever/ whomever/ whenever/ wherever)(除however外):既可以引导名词性从句,又可引导 让步状语从句。引导让步状语从句时,能与no matter what 类词互换。

×

1. Whatever is worth doing is worth doing well. √ 2. Whoever you are, you must observe the law. √ 3. No matter what you do, you must do it well. √ 4. No matter who leaves the room last ought to turn off the lights. whoever √

c 1.(07’山东) Could I speak to ___ is in charge of International Sales, please?
A. anyone B. someone C. whoever D. no matter who D 2. (06’山东) ___ team wins on Saturday will go through to the national championships. A. No matter what B. No matter which C. Whatever D. Whichever

考点6.时态
主句是过去时
1. He said that he had done his homework before watching TV . 2. We told you what they would do at 8:00 tomorrow.

规律;六:
若主句是过去时,名词性从句的时态应根据实际用过去的某种时 态形式,受主句时态的限制。但名词性从句若是真理或客观事实, 则从句时态仍用一般现在时态。
(07’四川) When you get the paper back, pay attention to what ____ . B A. have marked B. have been marked C. had marked D. had been marked

考点7.语气(mood)
找出下列句子中的错误,并总结出规律:

(should) 1. We suggested that we would go to the cinema. (should) 2. My suggestion is that we must do our homework first. 3. I wish you posted the letter yesterday had posted 4. I would rather I followed the doctor’s advice then. 5. It is necessary that he goes there at once. (should) go 6. It’s time that we go to bed. went / should go 规律七:注意______语气的使用!)
had followed

名词性虚拟语气的使用情况

1. insist / order, command /, suggest, advise, propose, recommend /, require, request, demand, desire ) 后接that 宾语从句中; it + be + v.–ed + that 的主语从句中 2. . 以上动词的名词 (insistence, order, command suggestion, advice, proposal, recommendation,, requirement, request, demand,……)所接的同位语从句及表语从句中 3. 在 “It + adj.( important, natural, necessary, strange, urgent, essential…) + that 主语从句”中 4. I wish 主语+did/ had done/ could (would) do sth 5. I would rather主语+did/ had done/ did 6. 在 “It is (about/ high) time + that 主语+did/ should do

1.(05’江苏) ---Don’t you think it necessary that he ____to Miami but to New York? B ---I agree, but the problem is ___ he has refused to. A. will not be sent; that B. not be sent; that C. should not be sent; what D. should not send; what 2.Jane’s pale face suggested that she ____ ill, and her parents B suggested that she ___ a medical examination. A. be; should have B. was; have C. should be; had D. was; has

考点精析 7. 、形式作用的it---代替主语或宾语从句

Translations: 1.据说这本书已被翻译成12种语言.
It is said that the book has been translated into 12 languages. 2. 我讨厌人们说话的时候满嘴食物 it full I hate____ when people speak with their mouth ______.

考点精析 7. 、形式作用的it---代替主语或宾语从句 主语从句在以下句型中: 1、It is / was +adj that/ wh-…; 2、It is / was+ed … that / wh-…; 3、It seems / doesn’t matter … that/ wh-…; 4、It is + n. ……that/ wh-…;
宾语从句在以下句型中:

1、主语 + vt.(find/ feel/ think/ consider/ make/ believe/consider/ ) + it + 宾补+ that/ wh- …; 2、主语 + vt.(love / like/ hate/ appreciate/… ) + + that/ wh- …;

it

考点精析 8、插入语及分割现象
分析下列句子中的插入语及分割现象,并总结出规律:

c 1. The companies are working together to create ______ they hope will be the best means of transport in the 21st century. (08北京) A. which B. that C. what D. who c 2. ______ was most important to her, she told me, was her family. (08 山东) A. It B. This C. What D. As 规律八: (1)在陈述句中(含分割现象): 暂时忽略插入语,
不受其干扰;或还原为正常语序。( 2)在疑问句中:正常语序是:Wh- + 插入语 (do you think/ believe/ guess/ suppose/ say /suggest/ …/ are you sure…) + 陈述语序?”

1. I just wonder ___ that makes him so excited. D A. why it does B. what does he C. how is it D. what it is B 2. Please remind me ____ he said he was going. I may be in time to see him off. A. where B. when C. how D. what B 3. Word came ____ the PLA man approached the child slowly and helped him to safety. A. when B. that C. since D. where 4. The child is always lying, so none of us will believe ___ A he says. A. whatever B. no matter what C. how D. whichever

强化训练

5. The question___ he asked was ___ the electrical c equipment should be stored. A. what; that B. which; if C. \; where D. when; because D 6. Do __ you think is right __ difficulties you may have. A. what; however B. that; however hard C. which; no matter what D. what; whatever 7. I have always been honest and straightforward, and it B doesn’t matter ____ that I’m talking to. (04’广东) A. who is it B. who it is C. it is who D. it is whom

? 8. The village has developed a lot ___ we learned D farming two years ago. ? A. when B. which C. that D. where

B ? 9. Having checked the doors were closed, and ______ all the lights were off, the boy opened the door to his bedroom.. (07湖南) ? A. why B. that C. when D. what
? 10. ---Hurry up! Alice and Sue are waiting for you at the school gate. ? ---Oh! I thought they ____ without me. D ? A. went B. are going C. have gone D. had gone

名词性从句的考点
1、语序(order of speech) 2、whether/ if 3, what/ that 4. what/ whatever 5. whatever/ no matter what 6、时态(tense) 7、语气(mood) 8、形式作用的it 9、插入语

homework
1.Do the exercises related to Noun Clause on the grammar book.

? 1.(05’北京) As soon as he comes back, I’ll tell him when ____ and see him. ? A. you will come B. will you come ? C. you come D. do you come ? 2. (05’ 江西) ---Hurry up! Alice and Sue are waiting for you at the school gate. ? ---Oh! I thought they ____ without me. ? A. went B. are going ? C. have gone D. had gone

? 23. Having checked the doors were closed, and ______ all the lights were off, the boy opened the door to his bedroom.. (07湖南) ? A. why B. that C. when D. where(00’上海春招)Eat ___ cake you like and leave the others for ___ comes in late. ? A. any; who B. every; whoever ? C. whichever; whoever D. either; whoever

8. (06’上海春) Doris’ success lies in the fact ___ she is cooperative and eager to learn from other. A. which B. that C. when D. why

B

D 9. (07’ 福建) The village has developed a lot ___ we learned farming two years ago. A. when B. which C. that D. where
10. (05’安徽) Great changes have taken place in that school. It is no A longer __ ____it was years ago, ___ it was so poorly equipped. A. what; when B. that; which C. what; which D. which; that 11. ____ is known to us all is that the 2008 Olympic Games will take place in Beijing.(08福建) A. It B. What C. As D. Which

? (05’福建) Mum is coming. What present ___ for your birthday? ? A. you expect she has got B. you expect has she got ? C. do you expect she has got D. do you expect has she got ? People in Chongqing are proud of _____ they have achieved in the past ten years. (08重庆) ? A. that B. which C. what D. how (05’ 天津)He tried his best to solve the problem, ___ difficult it was. ? A. however B. no matter C. whatever D. although

? (06’四川) ---It’s thirty years since we last met. ? ---But I still remember the story, believe it or not, ___ we got lost on a rainy night. ? A. which B. that C. what D. none ? 4. (06’安徽)A warm thought suddenly came to me ___ I might use the pocket money to buy some flowers for my mother’s birthday. ? A. If B. that C. when D. which

考点精析 7 、与相关句式的比较 (3) 与 状语从句
分析下列句子中的从句 ,并总结出规律: 1.(05’北京春) It is almost five years __ we saw each other last time.

A. before B. since C. after D. when 2. (04’重庆) You can eat food free in my restaurant ___ you like. A. A whenever B. wherever C. whatever D. however 3. (05’上海春) Don’t leave the sharp knife ___ our little Jane can get it. A. in which B. to which C. that D. D where 4. (06’全国) See the flags on top of the building? That was ___ we did this morning. A. when B. which C. where D. what D 5. (07’山东) Could you speak to ___ is in charge of International Sales, please? A. anyone B. someone C. whoever D. no matter who

B

c

规律十四:
(1)状语从句:

a.从句本身一定是完整的句子。 b.连词有自己“独立的、固定的、特定的”意义。 c.连词不充当从句的任何成分。 d.它和从句一起只能做主句的某种状语,表示主句谓语动词 发生的时间、原因、条件等等。 (2)名词从句: a.从句本身不一定是完整的句子(that, whether, if 引导 的从句是完整的;wh- 疑问词引导的不是完整的) 。 。 b. 连词不一定充当从句的成分(that, whether, if 不充当从句的成分;wh- 疑问词充当从句的某一成分) (主、宾、表、定、状)。 c. 连词意义变化了: that 无意义; if / whether “是否”(不是“如果”); when “……的时候” (不是“ 当……时候”); where “……的地方” (不是“ 在……地方”)。

规律十四:
(3)不同的引导词:

①as, while, since, as if, even if, though, once, unless… 不用于名词从句中; ②what, who, whom, whose, which不用在状语从句中。 (4)状语从句的特殊时态: ①主句将来时态,表时间、条件、让步的状语从句必须用 一般现在时。 ② “It is + 时间段 +since 从句” 中,since从句必须用 。 一般过去时。 (注意:若is改为was,则since从句中用过去完成时) 1.误:I don't know if he comes back this month. 正:I don’t know if he will come back this month.(宾语从句) 2.误:It is 5 years since he has joined the party. 正: It is 5 years since he joined the party.

规律十三: (3)不同的引导词: ①as不用在名词从句中; ②when, where在名词性从句中 不能与in/on/at which 互换; ③whether, if, what, how不用在定语从句中。 (4)名词从句与定语从句的一些对应关系: 。 ①what = all that; ②whoever = anyone who; ③ whomever = anyone whom; ④whatever = anything that; ⑤whichever = any of … that。

考点精析 7. 、形式作用的it---代替主语或宾语从句
找出下列句子中的错误,并总结出规律:

1. I think that worthwhile that we spent so much money on these books. it 2. That is hard to decide when and where we will held our sports meeting. it 3. Everybody considers it impossible which he wants to that finish the job in such a short time. 4. It doesn’t matter that you will come or not. whether 规律八:主语从句和宾语从句在适当的情况

下可以借助 “it” 而后置。
问题:想想看是什么“适当的情况”?

引导名词性从句的关联词
连接代词 who, whom, whose, which, what, whatever等

连接副词 how, why, when, where however, wherever等 连接词 that, whether, if, because as if /as though(不充当 从句的任何成分)

名词从句与定语从句的一些对应关系练习 :
完成下列句子的转换:

1. He has done what he can to help me.
→ He

all ____ has done ____ that he can to help me.

2. What I want to say has nothing to do with it.


All ____ ____ that I want to say has nothing to do

with it. 3. Whoever breaks the law is to be punished. → Anyone ___ breaks the law is to be punished. _____ who

名词从句与定语从句的一些对应关系练习:

4. He will give the dictionary to whoever needs it most.
→ He will give the dictionary to anyone ____ needs it most. ______ who

5. We’ll remember whomever we turned to for help. anyone (whom) → We’ll remember ______ ________ we turned to for help. 6. They will do whatever he wants them to do. → They will do anything that ______ ______he wants them to do. 7. I’ll read whichever book you give me. that any → I’ll read ____ of the books _____ you give me.
(4)名词从句与定语从句的一些对应关系: ①what = all that; ②whoever = anyone who; ③ whomever = anyone whom; ④whatever = anything that; ⑤whichever = any of … that。

考点6.、时态
(1) 主句是现在或将来时
1. I have known when he will go abroad for his further study. 1. I know that he is playing computer games in his room. 1. We will tell you tomorrow what they were doing at 8:00 yesterday.

规律六:若主句是现在或将来时, 规律六:若主句是现在或将来时,从句时态,.......
从句的时态可以有各种时态形式,不受主句时态的限制。

考点精析 8 同位语从句与定语从句的区别
? The suggestion that the students put forward at the meeting is very good. ? The suggestion that the students should have plenty of exercise is very good.

规律八: 1. 同位语从句: a.同位语从句前有名词,多为抽象意义的名词; b. 连词在从句中不充当任何成分且不可省; c.连词和从句所表达的意义是前面名词的具体内容。 2. 定语从句: a.定语从句前的先行词;可为抽象意义或具体意 义的名词; 。 b. 先行词在从句中充当成分;在定语从句中作宾语 的关系代词可省. c.连词和从句所表达的意义是对先行词的内容的 限制和修饰。


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