必修二 Unit 2 知识点整理
1. How many countries competed in the ancient Olympic Games? compete vi.比赛;竞争 常用搭配： compete in...在某一方面竞争 compete for...为...而竞争 compete with/against... 与...竞争 例： （1）How m
any runners will be competing in the marathon?有多少运动员参加马拉松赛跑？ （2）The two teams compete for the championship. 那两队要争当冠军。 （3）He believed that nobody could compete with him. 他相信没有人能与他抗衡。 词汇扩展： competition n.比赛? competitive adj.有竞争力的? competitor n.比赛者；对手 The students competed ____ the honor of winning ____ each other _____ the school sports meeting. A. for, against, in B. in, with, against C. against, for, at D. about, in, with 2. What do the five rings on the Olympic flag stand for? stand for (指缩写或符号)代表；象征；倡导，支持，主张， (1)Pine trees stand for courage and strength. 代表，象征 (2)We stand for fair competition in the Olympic Games. 倡导，支持，拥护 联想拓展 stand by 袖手旁观；无动于衷 stand by sb. 支持 sb；站在 sb 一边 stand out 显眼；突出 stand up 站起；站立；起立 stand aside 1.站到一边； 2.不参与，不介入，置身事外 The American flag ________ ( 代 表 )freedom and justice. His red hair made him _________(引人注目) in the crowd. How can you _________(袖手旁观) and see him accused of something he didn’t do? She ___________(站到一边）to let us pass. 3. Pausanias, who was a Greek writer 2,000 years ago, has come on a magical journey to find out about the present day Olympic Games. Pausanias 是 2000 前的一位希腊作家，他做了一次魔幻 的旅行，来打听当代奥林匹克运动会的情况。 go/start/ come/ be on a journey 进行旅行 My father is away on a journey. find out about 弄清有关??的情况 The police are trying hard to find out about the accident. 4. hold/ host the Olympic Games 举办奥运会 5. Only athletes who have reached the agreed standard for their event will be admitted as competitors. admit (1)许可(人或物)进入;让??进入 Only one hundred boys are admitted to the school every year. (2) 容纳 The theatre admits only 200 persons. (3) 承认；供认 I admit my mistake. He admitted having done wrong.
常用句型： be admitted as... 被接受为?? be admitted to / into 被准许进入?? admit sth / doing sth 承认某事/做过某事 admit that 承认?? It is / was admitted that 普遍认为?? 经典例句 (1)He a member of the basketball team.他被接受成为篮球队的一名 队员。 (2)Only 200 children the school every year. 那时每年只有 200 名儿童获 准入学。 【答案】(1)was admitted as (2)were admitted to / into 即时训练 ①He the car without insurance. 他供认驾驶了这辆没有保险的车。 ②Luckily, he a key university last year.幸运的是,去年他被一所名牌大学 录取了。 【答案】①admitted driving ②was admitted to / into 6. It’s in the Summer Olympics that you have the running races,together with swimming, sailing and all the team sports.正是在夏季奥运会上才有赛跑、游泳、帆船和所有的团队体 育项目。? 此句为一个 It is...that...强调句型。强调句型的结构为 7. Women are not only allowed to join in but play a very important role, especially in?妇女不仅 被允许参加,她们还在体操、竞技和团队等比赛项目中起着非常重要的作用?? （1）not only...but (also)... 意为“不仅??而且??” （2）allow vt. 允许 allow + sth. 允许 The law doesn’t allow such an action. allow + sb. + to do 允许干 My parents won’t allow me to stay out late. allow + doing 允许干 The police don’t allow parking in the street. 8. as well 也;又;而且(意思等同于 too 和 also,但 as well 只能置于句末) 用法拓展 as well as 意为“不仅??而且??;既??又??;除了??之外(还 有);和??一样” 。 (1) 同级比较， “与?一样好” 翻译：你的作业完成的跟他一样好。 (2)既??又；也；又。 连接并列主语时，谓语应与前面的主语保持人称和数的一致. eg: I as well as my sisters am going to the park for a picnic this Sunday. As well as breaking his leg ,he hurt his arm. as well as 后接动词时，一般用 ing 形式。 填空： 1）The teacher as well as some students_______(be) interested in the question. 2) She sings as well as _________ (play) the piano. 3) may / might as well do 意为“不妨??;还是??好” 。 We might as well ask him for some advice. 我们不妨向他征求一些建议。 9. There’s as much competition among countries to host the Olympics as to win Olympic medals. 有关 as...as 的短语：?
as soon as 一??就??? as/so long as 只要? as much/many as 多达??；达到??之多? so/as far as 远至??；就??而言? as well as 也；又? as...as possible 尽可能? 高考链接： It is generally believed that teaching is _________ it is a science. A. as art much as B. much an art as C. as an art much as D. as much an art as 解析：答案 D。根据题意，此处需用 as?as 结构，所以 B 项不对，A,C 为语序错误，只有 D 项结构正确，全句意为“一般认为，教学如同科学一样是一门艺术。 ” 10. charge vt 收费，控诉；充电； n.费用 。? charge sb.for sth.因??向某人收费? charge sb.with sth.指控某人犯有??? charge sth.(up)充电? free of charge 免费? in charge of 掌管；负责? in the charge of 在??的掌管下? take charge of 掌管；负责 完成句子 (1)饭店收了我们 40 英镑的酒水钱。 The restaurant ________________________. (2)昨晚他们逮捕的那人被指控犯有谋杀罪。 The man they arrested last night __________________________. (3)在 10 英里范围之内，您的定货将免费送货上门。 Your order will be delivered ________________ within a ten mile limit. (4)我这就把学校交给你掌管。 I’m leaving the school _______________. (5)父亲去世后他掌管了农场。 He ________________________ after his father’s death. (6)我的 MP3 现在不能用，正在充电。My MP3 can't be used now, for it is _____________. 答案：charged us ￡40 for the wine,? was charged with murder, free of charge, in your charge, took charge of the farm, being charged 11. physical exercise 体能训练 12. win glory 赢得光荣 13. She was so angry that she said to her father that she would not marry anyone who could not run faster than her. marry marriage n. 结婚；婚姻 married adj. 已婚的 常用结构： marry sb. 娶某人，嫁给某人（marry 后不加介词） marry sb. to sb. 把某人嫁给某人 get/be married (to sb.) （与某人）结婚 联想拓展 易混辨析 marry/get married/be married marry 与 get married 强调动作，不能与表示时间段的状语连用; be married 强调状态，可以与表示时间段的状语连用。 改错：
① She married to a poor writer. ② They got married for ten years. 答案：①去掉 to ②got→have been 或 for ten years→ten years ago 14. Her father said that she must marry,so Atlanta made a bargain with him. bargain n. 协议；廉价物,便宜货 v.（与某人）讨价还价; 洽谈成交条件；谈判；讲条件 常用结构 bargain with sb. about/over sth. 就某事与某人讨价还价（讲条件） make a bargain with sb. about/over sth.就某事与某人达成协议 a good (bad) bargain 买得（不）合算 即学即用? （1）在市场上商人正和种植者就咖啡的价格进行商谈。? In the market dealers were growers the price of coffee. （2）他和他的合伙人约定，要互通信息，毫无保留。 He and his partner to tell each other everything. 答案（1）bargaining with over （2）made a bargain 15. hear of 听说 hear from 接到来信 16. She promised to help him and gave him three golden apples. promise vt. 允诺;答应 vi.有希望;承诺;答应 n. 诺言;承诺;迹象;征兆 用法拓展 promise sth 答应某事 promise sb sth / promise sth to sb 答应某人某事 promise (sb) to do sth 答应(某人)做某事 promise (sb) that... 答应(某人)?? keep / carry out one’s promise 信守诺言 break / go back on one’s promise 违背诺言 promising adj. 有希望的;有前途的 经典例句 (1)She that she would come back.她答应她妈妈会回来。 (2)This year another good one for harvest. 今年看来又是个丰收年。 【答案】(1)promised her mother (2)promises to be 17. Do you think Hippomenes deserved to win the race? ? deservevt.&vi.应受(报答或惩罚); 值得 联想拓展 deserve sth. 值得;应受，应得（好，不好） deserve to do sth 应该、值得做 deserve doing=deserve to be done=deserve sth The thief deserves punishing.=The thief deserves punishment.=The thief deserves to be punished. 这个小偷理所当然会受到惩罚。 [即学即练] 桂林值得一游。 Guilin deserves _________________. = Guilin deserves _____________________. = Guilin deserves_______________________. 注意识记 deserve it 罪有应得；活该；名至实归
(1)对，我打了他，但是他该打。Yeah，I hit him but he ____________. (2)他获得一枚金牌，这是理所应当的。 He was rewarded with a gold medal. He certainly _________. 18. pick up 捡起 19. one after another 一个又一个