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高三英语基础写作指导(二)


高三英语基础写作指导(二)
个人观点类
常见短语: 1.as for sb./sth.至于某人/某事物 2.disagree with/be against/be opposed to 反对 3.agree with/approve of/be in favor of/be for 赞成 4.the majority of/the minority of 大多

数/少数... 5.hold/have/take the view/opinion that...认为 6.hold the opposite view 持相反的观点 7.have a positive/negative influence on 有积极、消极影响 8.play a significant/important/vital role in 起重要作用 9.remain an optimistic and positive attitude 持积极态度 10.It seems self-evident,logical and reasonable.不言而喻 11.I do believe/I firmly believe/I'm convinced that 我相信 12.under no circumstances will I submit to 任何情况下都不屈服于…… 13.as we know, it is a fundamental principle/rule that 众所周知,……是基本原则。 14.as for me/in my opinion/in my view/in my eyes/from my viewpoint/from my perspective; as I see it; from my point of view; as far as I can see/as far as I'm concerned/when it comes to me 依我看 句子翻译: 1.许多市民抱怨城市的公车太少,以至于他们要花很长时间等一辆公交车,而车上可能已 满载乘客。 _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ 2.最近的调查显示相当多的孩子对家庭作业没什么好感。 _____________________________________________________________________________ 3.没有一项发明像互联网一样同时受到如此多的表扬和批评。 _____________________________________________________________________________ 4.人们似乎忽视了教育不应该随着毕业而结束这一事实。 _____________________________________________________________________________ 5.越来越多的人开始意识到教育不能随着毕业结束。 _____________________________________________________________________________ 6.说到教育,大部分人认为其是一个终身的学习。 _____________________________________________________________________________ 7.应该采取适当的措施限制外国旅游者的数量,努力保护当地环境和历史不受国际旅游业 的不利影响。 _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ 8.许多专家指出体育锻炼直接有助于身体健康。 _____________________________________________________________________________

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9.越来越多的专家相信移民对城市的建设起到积极作用。然而,越来越多的城市居民却怀 疑这种说法,他们抱怨民工给城市带来了许多严重的问题,像犯罪和人口膨胀。 _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ 基础写作: 基础写作 1(对立观点式) 假设你是 Eric,最近国内一家英文报纸正在讨论北京动物园是否应迁出市区。以下是 你所在班级讨论的情况。请你给该报写一封信,反映讨论的结果。 一部分同学赞成迁出 游客多,交通堵塞 郊区地方多、环境好 一部分同学反对迁出 建于1906年,中外闻名 搬迁易造成动物死亡

讨论结果:迁出与否是大问题,应由北京市民决定。

[写作要求] 只能使用 5 个句子表达全部内容。开头已给出,不算入句子总数。 [评分标准] 句子结构准确,信息内容完整,篇章结构连贯。 Dear editor: Recently, our class have had a heated discussion about whether the Beijing Zoo should be moved out of the city. ___________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ Yours sincerely, Eric 基础写作 2 (批驳观点式) 假设你是一位中学生,叫李华,你所居住的城市拟在白云山附近修建一座发电站。请给 某英语报社写一封信,对这一计划表示反对,并陈述理由。信的内容必须包括以下要点: 1.听说政府拟在你市名胜之一的白云山附近修建一座发电站,你表示关注。 2.承认发电站将给本市提供充足的电力,促进本市经济发展。 3.你和很多市民都反对这一计划。 4.修建发电站需要搬迁很多人口和砍伐大量的树木。 5.白云山的风景一旦被破坏,将再也无法恢复。 6.建议政府重新考虑这一计划。 [写作要求] 只能使用 5 个句子表达全部内容。开头已给出,不算入句子总数。

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[评分标准] 句子结构准确,信息内容完整,篇章结构连贯。 Dear editor: I am a middle school student. ___________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ Yours faithfully, Li Hua 基础写作 3 (现象评论式) 目前,学校存在少数学生作弊的现象。某英文杂志社拟对此现象向中学生征文,标题是 “My Opinion on Cheating in Examinations.” 请根据下列提示用英语写一篇英文稿。 内容要点如下: 现象 主要原因 少数学生考试作弊 考试偏多,偏难 不用功,懒惰 取悦父母,老师 作弊不对,违反校规 个人看法 要诚信;要充分备考 ……(其他看法) [写作要求] 只能使用 5 个句子表达全部内容。 [评分标准] 句子结构准确,信息内容完整,篇章结构连贯。 My Opinion on Cheating in Examinations ___________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________

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参考答案
句子翻译: 1.Many city residents complain that it is so few buses in their city that they have to spend much more time waiting for a bus, which is usually crowded with a large number of passengers. 2.The latest surveys show that quite a few children have unpleasant associations with homework. 3.No invention has received more praise and abuse than Internet. 4.People seem to fail to take into account the fact that education does not end with graduation. 5.An increasing number of people are beginning to realize that education is not complete with graduation. 6.When it comes to education, the majority of people believe that education is a lifetime study. 7.Many experts point out that physical exercise contributes directly to a person's physical fitness. 8.Proper measures must be taken to limit the number of foreign tourists and the great efforts should be made to protect local environment and history from the harmful effects of international tourism. 9.An increasing number of experts believe that migrants will have a positive effect on construction of city. However, this opinion is now being questioned by more and more city residents, who complain that the migrants have brought many serious problems like crime and over-population. 基础写作: Example 1: Dear editor: Recently, our class have had a heated discussion about whether the Beijing Zoo should be moved out of the city. Some of my classmates are favor of the move, saying large crowds of tourists to the zoo will result in traffic jams. Meanwhile, they believe that once move, animals will have more space and better living conditions in the suburbs. However, other students are against the idea, arguing that the Beijing Zoo, built in 1906 and well-known both at home and abroad, should remain where it is. What's more, moving may cause the death of some animals. To move or not, this is a big decision which has to be made by people in Beijing. Example 2: Dear editor. I am a middle school student. I heard that a power station will be built near Mt. Baiyun, a place of interest, which raise my great concern. Indeed, it's universally acknowledged that the power station will provide us with plenty of power and as a result, the local economy will develop rapidly, but many citizens and I are against the plan. To build the power station, many people will have to move away and a great number of trees will have to be cut down. What's worse, once the scenery of Mr. Baiyun is destroyed, it can never be restored. Therefore, this plan is not good for protecting the environment, and thus the city government should think it over.

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