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2015上海高三英语高考模拟卷


上海市虹口高三三模英语试卷
II. Grammar and Vocabulary
(A) George Dawson was born in the state of Texas. He was the grandson of slaves. He began working on the family farm when he was four. When

he was twelve, he worked 25 a nearby

farm to help feed his parents and four younger brothers and sisters. For the next eighty-five years, he held a number of different jobs, most of them involving hard labor. George Dawson lived a happy life 26 ______ conditions were difficult. When he was 27 (murder). He would have told

ten years old, he saw a young African-American man people about it, but he said his 28

(big) problem was his inability to read and write.

George Dawson kept it a secret that he could not read. But he said he always dreamed that he would learn. Although he had no education, he taught his children 29 (work) hard in school. George Dawson’s life changed in 1996. A man came to his house in Texas, and told him that adult education classes were being taught at a nearby school. So the man who name with an ―X‖ for almost one-hundred years went to school. People wondered 31 Mr. Dawson did not go to school earlier. He said he never had the 30 (sign) his

time because of his farm work. And he never knew about adult education programs. George Dawson did all he 32 to learn to read, which influenced students of all

ages. He spoke to young people about the importance of learning to read and write. (B) Americans and Arabs are different 33 it comes to their space habits. Arabs would rather 34 (belong) to a touch culture and in

have close contact. Dr. Hall has explained that

conversation, the Arabs always envelop(包裹)the other person. They hold his hand, look into his eyes, and bathe him in their breath. Dr. Hall’s interest in man’s use of space developed in the early nineteen fifties when he was Director of the Point Four training program at the Foreign Service Institute. In talking with Americans who had lived overseas, he found that many of uncomfortable culture shock. The problem is that, relatively speaking, Americans live in 37 noncontact culture. 36 35 had been highly

______ culture differences. Such discomfort is usually referred to as

Partly, this is a product of our puritan heritage (清教徒文化遗产). Dr. Hall points out that we spend years 38 (teach) our children not to crowd in and lean on us. And in situations 39

we ourselves are forced to stand close to another person on crowded subways, for example, we turn our eyes away, and if actual body contact 40 (involve), tense the muscles on the contact

side. Most of us feel very strongly that this is the only proper way to behave.

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Section B
A. procedure B. transplant G. worth H. appreciate C. attempt I. reintroduce D. native E. extinct F. prohibited J. undertaken K. groundbreaking

With only about 1,000 pandas left in the world, China is desperately trying to clone the animal and save the endangered species. That’s a move similar to what a Texas A&M University researchers have 41 for the past five years in a project called ―Noah’s Ark.‖ 42 , Dr. Duane Noah’s Ark is aimed at collecting eggs, embryos (胚胎), semen and DNA of endangered animals and storing them in liquid nitrogen. If certain species should become enough of the basic building blocks to in over 100 years. The panda, years. This week, Chinese scientists said they grew an embryo by introducing cells from a dead female panda into the egg cells of a Japanese white rabbit. They are now trying to embryo into a host animal. The entire 46 could take from three to five years to complete. ―The nuclear transfer of one species to another is not easy, and the lack of available panda eggs could be a major problem,‖ Kraemer believes. ―They will probably have to do several hundred transfers to result in one pregnancy (怀孕). It takes a long time and it’s difficult, but this could be is 48 first-ever 47 49 science if it works. They are certainly not putting any live pandas at risk, so it at cloning a dog. 50 their the effort,‖ adds Kraemer, who is one of the leaders of the project at Texas A&M, the 45 the 44 43 the species in the future. Kraemer, a professor in Texas A&M’s College of Veterinary Medicine, says there would be It is estimated that as many as 2,000 species of mammals, birds, reptiles will face extinction only to China, is in danger of extinction in the next 25

―They are trying to do something that’s never been done, and this is very similar to our work in Noah’s Ark. We’re both trying to save animals that face extinction. I certainly much needed.‖ effort and there’s a lot we can learn from what they are attempting to do. It’s a research that is very

I. Translation
1. 你介意回答一些关于购物习惯的问题吗?(mind) 2. 这些信息有助于我们决定是否要举行告别会。(whether) 3. 所有座位都坐满了人,我们只好站着观看演出。(oblige) 4. 在除夕夜,所有华人通常都会燃放烟火并守岁到半夜迎接新年的到来。(stay) 5. 只有在咨询了许多学生之后, 他们才决定用已故总统的名字来命名新建的图书馆。(Only)

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III. Reading Comprehension
It can be hard to decide which food to buy in an American grocery store these days. The information on many products makes The label ―organic (有机的)‖ 51 52 claims. that the United States Department of Agriculture

recognized the product was grown under special conditions. The department says foods that meet requirements of it National Organic Programme can use an official label. It shows the words ―USDA Organic‖ inside a(n) 54 53 . USDA organic food does not contain genes that have been 55 ―organic,‖ a(n) 56 changed. The food is grown without chemical treatment against insects or diseases. It is

grown without chemical fertilizers. Before a product can be

visits the farm where the food is produced to make sure the farm meets USDA standards. Organic meat, poultry, eggs and dairy products come from animals that are given no antibiotics (抗生素), must be fed organic food and have No conclusive 58 57 to the outdoors. shows that organic food is more nutritious than traditionally grown

food. And the USDA—even if it proves organic food—doesn’t claim that these products are safer or more nutritious. Organic foods meet the same quality and safety standards as traditional foods. The difference organic food for 59 60 how the food is produced, processed and handled. Some people buy reasons. Organic food is produced by farmers who 61 62 the use of . Higher

renewable resources and the conservation of soil and water to enhance quality for future generations. The prices between most organic food and traditional food products prices are due to more expensive farming practices and tighter government regulations. The new USDA’s national organic programme for labeling are aimed at enabling consumers to make a(n) fines for 63 choice among the foods they purchase and also include the safeguard of 65 up to $11,000 for each violation. B. familiar C. different B. guaranteed C. proposed B. operation C. activity B. skillfully C. vividly B. confirmed C. registered B. reminder C. inspector B. access C. entrance B. concept C. expectation B. consists of C. turns down B. social C. cultrual B. overlook C. emphasize B. last C. exist B. potential C. casual B. misrepresentation C. reservation B. developed C. fined 第 3 页 共 10 页 64 . People who sell or label a product ―organic‖ when they know it does not meet D. flexible D. doubted D. service D. deeply D. labeled D. individual D. direction D. evidence D. holds back D. environmental D. realize D. work D. sensible D. reaction D. spared

USDA standards can be 51. A. unbelievable 52. A. predicted 53. A. circle 54. A. scientifically 55. A. presented 56. A. protector 57. A. solution 58. A. agreement 59. A. lies in 60. A. financial 61. A. replace 62. A. vary 63. A. unique 64. A. limitation 65. A. awarded

Section B
(A) Indian’s snake charmers are to be retrained as wildlife teachers under a plan to prevent their unique skills and knowledge from being lost. The charmers, who make snakes dance to the sound of flutes (笛子), used to be a traditional feature of Indian life, performing in towns and villages, until they were banned in 1972 to control the trade in snake skins. The government is now considering a plan to train the saperas, as they are known, to visit schools and zoos to tell children about forests and wildlife. There is also a proposal to set up a ―dial a snake charmer‖ service to help householders to deal with unwelcome intruders. ―For generations they have been a feature of Indian life but now they can’t earn a living for fear of arrest,‖ said Behar Dutt, a conservationist behind the plans, ―if a policeman doesn’t catch them, animal rights activists report them.‖ Many snake charmers have continued to work clandestinely since the ban, despite the threat of up to three years in jail. But their trademark cloth-covered baskets, hung from a bamboo pole carried across their shoulders, make them an easy target for police. The fate of Shisha Nath, 56, from Badarpur, a village just outside of Delhi, is typical of practitioners (从业者) of the dying art. ―I used to earn enough to support my family and send my children to school,‖ he said. ―Now it’s hard to earn even ?1 a day. My children want to be snake charmers. It’s our identity. We love the work. But it’s become impossible.‖ Next month Dutt’s project to train 30 snake charmers will begin at a snake park in Pune, western India, where experts will enrich their home-grown skills with some formal knowledge. More than the law, though, it is the dishonest attitude of their fellow countrymen that angers many snake charmers. ―We’re disturbed all the time but when people want a snake removed from the house, they rush to us,‖ said Prakash Nath, who was ordered recently to the home of Sonia Gandhi, the Congress party leader. 66. Snake charmers will be retrained as wildlife teachers mainly because ______. A. schools need large numbers of such teachers B. most of them cannot support their families C. their performances on the street are banned D. the government plans to save the dying art 67. The purpose of the proposed ―dial a snake charmer‖ telephone service is ______. A. to give performance of snake dancing B. to teach householders how to catch and kill snakes C. to offer cleaning service to wealthy householders D. to help remove unwanted snakes from the houses 68. The word ―clandestinely‖ in paragraph 4 can be best replaced by the word ―_____‖. A. secretly B. publicly C. subconsciously D. diligently 69. Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage? A. Snake charmers can easily be recognized by the police on the street. B. Children of snake charmers would not like to continue their fathers’ job. C. Snake charmers are quite angry with the attitude of their fellow countrymen. D. The animal rights activists take a negative attitude towards snake charmers. 第 4 页 共 10 页

(B) We have designed all our bank cards to make your life easier. How to use your NatWest Servicecard As a Switch card, it lets you pay for all sorts of goods and services, wherever you see the Switch logo. The money comes forthright out of your account, so you can spend as much as you like as long as you have enough money to cover it. It is also a cheque guarantee card for up to the amount shown on the card. And it gives you free access to your money from over 31,000 cash machines across the UK. How to use your NatWest Cashcard You can use your Cashcard as a Sulo card to pay for goods and services wherever you see the Solo logo. It can also give you access to your account and your cash from over 31,000 cash machines nationwide. You can spend or withdraw what you have in your account. Using your cards abroad You can also use your Servicecard and Cashcard when you’re abroad. You can withdraw cash at cash machines and pay for goods and services wherever you see the Cirrus or Maestro logo displayed. How to use your NatWest Credit Card With your credit card you can do the following:
● ● ●

Pay for goods and services and enjoy up to 56 days’ interest-free credit. Pay in over 24 million shops worldwide that display the Mastercard or Visa logos.

Collect one AIR MILE for every £20 of spending that appears on your statement(结算单).

(This doesn’t include foreign currency or traveler’s cheques bought ,interest and other charges) 70. If you carry the Servicecard or the Cashcard, _______. A. you can use it to guarantee things as you wish B. you can spend as much money as you like without a limit C. you can draw your money from cash machines conveniently D. you have to pay some extra money when you pay for services in the UK 71. The word ―forthright‖ in Para. 2 can be understood as ―______‖. A. unexpectedly B. logically C. properly D. directly 72. Which of the following is TRUE about using your NatWest Credit Card? A. You will be charged some interest beyond two months. B. You have to pay back with interest within 56 days. C. You can use the card in any shop across the world. D. You will gain one air mile if you spend £20 on traveller’s cheques. 73. The purpose of the passage is to show you how to ______. A. play your cards right C. draw cash with your cards B. use your cards abroad D. pay for goods with your cards

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Section C Too much eating. Too many unhealthy foods. Too many advertisements for food. Too little activity. Different explanations are offered for America’s weight problem — a problem increasingly shared by other countries. Almost one-fifth of American children and teenagers are overweight. Schools have been urged to increase physical education, an important tool for public health. And many have. Yet now comes a study showing an increase in the number of injuries in ―phys ed‖ class. Injuries increased one hundred fifty percent between nineteen ninety-seven and two thousand seven. The study involved injuries treated in hospital emergency departments. Only two percent were serious. The researchers did not try to identify the causes of the increase, but they have some theories. Lara McKenzie from Ohio State University was the lead researcher. She says one possibility is a decrease in the number of school nurses during the period they studied. For example, a two thousand four study showed that the number of school nurses nationally failed to meet federal guidelines. Schools without a nurse on duty may be more likely to send an injured child to a hospital. Another possible reason for more injuries is a change in the traditional idea of physical education. This ―New P.E.‖ expands the kinds of sports that are taught. But activities that some schools offer now, like rock climbing and skateboarding, can also expand the risks, says Cheryl Richardson. She is with the National Association for Sport and Physical Education. Also, she says not all states require P.E. teachers to be specially trained. Untrained teachers could be less likely to recognize unsafe conditions. Cheryl Richardson also points to one of the study’s findings — that injuries are often the result of contact with a person or a structure. This tells her that the teachers were not giving each student enough space to move around safely. Six activities produced seventy percent of all injuries: running, basketball, football, volleyball, soccer and gymnastics. The researchers say larger class sizes are another possible reason for the increase in injuries. Larger classes can mean less supervision. The National Association for Sport and Physical Education says twenty to thirty students in a P.E. class should be the limit. (Note: Answer the questions or complete the statements in NO MORE THAN TEN WORDS) 78. Many schools deal with the problem that more children are overweight by 79. What’s the result of expanding the kinds of sports taught in school? 80. P.E. teachers without special training are more likely to how to reduce injuries in ―phys ed‖ classes? . 81. After reading the passage, could you give at least two suggestions to an American school on .

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词汇检测
1. distract 3 tap 5. abuse 7. addict 9. nerve 11.interrupt 13. conduct 15. reveal 17. harmony 19.direct 21. severe 23. vegetarian 25. upset

时间 5 分钟左右
v___________ v/n__________ v/n______________ v ___________ n ____________ v ______________ v __________ v ___________ n __________ adj/v ___________ adj __________ adj ___________

姓名:彭佳玲
2. excess 4. constant 6. unfavorably 8. cell

得分

n ---adj excessive ____________ adj ______________ adv ___________

n __________ adv ________ n _________

10. extremely 12. emission 14. dominate 16. violate 18. intend 20.digest 22. fatal

v __________ v ___________ v ___________ v __________

adj___________

24. risk n/v ___________

v/n/adj__________ 27. error n________________ 29. version n _______________ 31. commit v ____________ 33. confess v_____________ 35. miraculously adv __________ 37. concrete adj/n ____________ 39. starvation n_____________ 41.namely adv ___________

26.smooth adj __________ 28 .vision n /v ___________ 30. classify v__________ 32. moderation n ____________ 34. gossip v.n__________ 36. draft v/n __________ 38. exclusion n __________ 40.criteria n ________ 42.mild adj____________ 44.structure v/n _________ 46. distribution n___________ 48. generalize v ________ 50. modify v ______________ 纠正处:

43.shallow adj ___________ 45. evaluation n __________

47. expansion n_____________ 49. polish v ____________

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(A) One night I decided to spend some time building a happier and closer relationship with my daughter. As she _______25____ (ask) me to play chess with here, I suggested a game and she eagerly accepted. It was a school night, however, and at nine o’clock my daughter asked if I ____26___ hurry my moves, because she needed to go to bed; she had to get up at six in the morning. I knew she had strict sleeping habits, _____27____ I thought she ought to be able to give up some of this strictness. I said to her, ―What fun it is! Why not stay up late for once.‖ We played on for ____28____ fifteen minutes, during which time she looked anxious. Finally she said, ―Please, Daddy, do it quickly/‖ ―No,‖ I replied, ―_____29_____ you want to play it well, you’re going to play it slowly.‖ And so we continued until suddenly my daughter burst into tears, and admitted _____30____(beat). Clearly, I had made a mistake. I had started the evening wanting to have a happy time with my daughter but had allowed my intention to win to become more important than my relationship with my daughter. When I was a child, my desire _____31_____(win) served me well. As a parent, I realized that it got in my way. So I had to change.

(B) While income worry is a rather common problem of the aged, loneliness is another problem that aged parents may face. Of all the reasons _____32____ explain their loneliness, a large geographical distance between parents and their children is the major one. This phenomenon is commonly known as ― Empty Nest Syndrome‖(空巢综合症). In order to seek ______33_____(good) chances outside their countries, many young people have gone abroad, ______34______ their parents behind with no clear idea of when they will return home. Their parents spend countless lonely days and nights, taking care of themselves, in the hope that someday their children will come back to stay with them. The fact _____35_____ most of these young people have gone to Europeanized or Americanized societies makes it unlikely that they will hold as tightly to the value of duty _____36_____ they would have if they had not left their countries. Whatever the case, it has been noted that the values they hold do not necessarily match _____37____ they actually do. This geographical and cultural distance also prevents the grown-up children from providing response_____38_____ the needs of their aged parents. The situation in which grown-up children live far away from their aged parents _______39_____(describe) as ―distant parent phenomenon‖, _______40_______ is common both in developed countries and in developing countries. Our society has not yet been well prepared for ― Empty Nest Syndrome‖.

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词汇检测
1. distract 3 tap 5. abuse 7. addict 9. nerve 11.interrupt 13. conduct 15. reveal 17. harmony 19.direct 21. severe

时间 5 分钟左右
v ___________ v/n ____________ v/n ___________ v__________ n ___________ v _________ v __________ v ___________ n __________ adj/v __________ adj _________ 2. excess

姓名:刘成勋

得分
_____________

n ---adj excessive adj _____________

4. constant 6. unfavorably 8. cell

adv ___________

n _____________ adv _____________ n _____________ v ___________ v ___________ v___________ v ___________ adj ____________

10. extremely 12. emission 14. dominate 16. violate 18. intend 20.digest 22. fatal

23. vegetarian

adj __________ 24. risk n/v _____________

25. upset v/n/adj___________ 26. property n__________ 28 . inherit v –inheritor n ______ 30. constant adj_________ 32. restrict v _________ 34. specific adj _______ 36. effort n _______ 27. poverty n __________ 29. eliminate v ---elimination n _________ 31. strict adj __________ 33. approve v ---approval n _________ 35. appropriate adj _________ 37. cooperate v ---cooperation _________

38. propose v ---proposal n_______ 39. recommend v ---recommendation n ________ 40.capability n ________ 42. inevitable adj ---inevitably_____ 41. alternative n/adj__________ 43. absolute adj ---absolutely adv ________

44. interact v ---interaction n ________ 45 . simplify v ___________ 46. domestic adj ________ 47. cultivate v ---cultivation n 49. rough adj __________ __________

48. imitate v ---imitation n _______ 50. gratitude n _________ 纠正处

(A)

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One night I decided to spend some time building a happier and closer relationship with my daughter. As she _______25____ (ask) me to play chess with here, I suggested a game and she eagerly accepted. It was a school night, however, and at nine o’clock my daughter asked if I ____26___ hurry my moves, because she needed to go to bed; she had to get up at six in the morning. I knew she had strict sleeping habits, _____27____ I thought she ought to be able to give up some of this strictness. I said to her, ―What fun it is! Why not stay up late for once.‖ We played on for ____28____ fifteen minutes, during which time she looked anxious. Finally she said, ―Please, Daddy, do it quickly/‖ ―No,‖ I replied, ―_____29_____ you want to play it well, you’re going to play it slowly.‖ And so we continued until suddenly my daughter burst into tears, and admitted _____30____(beat). Clearly, I had made a mistake. I had started the evening wanting to have a happy time with my daughter but had allowed my intention to win to become more important than my relationship with my daughter. When I was a child, my desire _____31_____(win) served me well. As a parent, I realized that it got in my way. So I had to change.

(B) While income worry is a rather common problem of the aged, loneliness is another problem that aged parents may face. Of all the reasons _____32____ explain their loneliness, a large geographical distance between parents and their children is the major one. This phenomenon is commonly known as ― Empty Nest Syndrome‖(空巢综合症). In order to seek ______33_____(good) chances outside their countries, many young people have gone abroad, ______34______ their parents behind with no clear idea of when they will return home. Their parents spend countless lonely days and nights, taking care of themselves, in the hope that someday their children will come back to stay with them. The fact _____35_____ most of these young people have gone to Europeanized or Americanized societies makes it unlikely that they will hold as tightly to the value of duty _____36_____ they would have if they had not left their countries. Whatever the case, it has been noted that the values they hold do not necessarily match _____37____ they actually do. This geographical and cultural distance also prevents the grown-up children from providing response_____38_____ the needs of their aged parents. The situation in which grown-up children live far away from their aged parents _______39_____(describe) as ―distant parent phenomenon‖, _______40_______ is common both in developed countries and in developing countries. Our society has not yet been well prepared for ― Empty Nest Syndrome‖.

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