Ⅰ .高频单词必记 1．________ vi.挨饿；饿死 vt.使挨饿 2．________ n. (戏剧的)一场；现场；场面；景色 3． ________ n.紧急情况； 突发事件 4． ________ vt.值得； 应得； 应受 5． ____
____ adj. 不高兴的，失望的 vt.使不高兴，使失望 6．________ vt.辩解，辩白 7．________ vt. 处理； 应付 8． ________ vi.坚持； 坚持认为 9． ________ vt.& n.伤害 10． ________ adj. 不友好的，冷淡的，疏远的；遥远的 11．________ adj.愤怒的，生气的 12．________ vt.禁止 13．________ n．& adj. 正常(的)，一般(的) 14．________ adj.受惊的；害怕的→________ vt.使……受到惊吓→________ adj.可 怕的，令人恐怖的 15．________ vt.容忍；允许→________ n．容忍→________ adj.容忍的 16．________ n．争吵，辩论→________ v．争吵，辩论 17．________ n．解释，说明→________ v．解释，说明 18．________ adj.困惑的，不解的→________ vt.使……感到困惑 19．________ vi.往往；趋向 vt.照看→________ n．趋向 20．________ n．限制，极限，界限 vt.限制→________ adj.有限度的 Ⅱ .重点短语必背 *1.______________调高(音量)；出现 *8. _________混淆，弄乱；搅匀，拌和 2．______________.迫不及待地做某事 *9. ______________坚持，坚持认为 3． ______________应当……， 应该…… 10．______________现在 *4. ______________处理，对付 *11. ____________ 经 历 ； 5．___________对……苛刻，对…严厉 12．______________失去控制 6．______________既然，由于 *13. ______________与……一起 *7. ______________不睡觉，熬夜 14．______________结果是；生产 重点单词 1．defend vt.________________ [教材原句] They never even gave me a chance to defend myself. 他们甚至从不给我辩解的机会。 ① China and its armed forces have the confidence and capability to ______the Diaoyu Islands, the Defense Ministry said on Thursday. 中国和其武装部队有信心和能力保卫钓鱼岛，国防部周四说。 (1)defend oneself 自我辩护；自卫 defend ... from/against 保卫……；使……免受……之害 (2)defence/defense n. 防御；辩护 in defence of 为了保卫……；为……辩护 ② our duty to ______our motherland _______the enemy. It's 保卫祖国，防御来犯之敌是我们的责任。 ③ They are determined to fight to the last __________the city. 他们决心为保卫城市而战斗到底。 (2013· 泰州中学高三模拟)The accused woman ________ herself by saying that she killed the man totally out of selfdefence and it was completely an accident. A．guarded B．protected C．defended D．prevented 2．deserve vt.______________ [教材原句] They don't deserve an explanation. 他们不配得到解释。 ① felt that the punishment was not justified, and I believed I ______ a second I chance.(2012· 北京高考阅读 B) 我觉得这项处罚不公平，我认为应该再给我一次机会。
deserve to do sth. 值得做某事 deserve doing ＝ deserve to be done 值得做/该做 deserve attention/consideration 值得注意/考虑 ② They had some good players, so they certainly deserved___________ that match. 他们有几个好队员，所以理所当然地赢得了那场比赛。 ③ deserves to be locked up for ever for what he did. 他做了这样的事，应该终身监禁。 He ＝ He _____________for ever for what he did. [名师指津] (1)deserve 不用于进行时态。 (2)deserve doing 是主动形式表示_____含义。类似的常用词还有：______________等。 (2013· 江南十校联考)Sun Yang and Ye Shiwen deserve ________ because they have become the pride of Hangzhou and China. A．honoured B．to honour C．to be honoured D．being honoured 3．insist vt. & vi.__________ [教材原句] Recently, he has been refusing to do his homework, and instead insists on wasting his time watching DVDs and listening to foreign music. 最近， 他一直拒绝做家庭作业， 相反的是， 他硬要把时间浪费在看碟片和听外国音乐上。 insist on/upon (one’s) doing sth. 坚持（某人）做某事 insist that ... 坚持/坚持认为/坚决要求…… ① I insist on ___________ immediate action. =I insist that you _________ immediate action. 我坚决要求你立刻采取行动。 ② insisted that he___________ _money and should get unpunished. He 他坚持说自己没偷钱，不应受到惩罚。 [名师指津]
[一言串记] Tom broke Mary's cup this morning. Mary __________his apology, but Tom refused. He insisted that he __________that. At last, Mary got angry and insisted that Tom ____________ her a new cup besides an apology. 今天早晨汤姆打碎了玛丽的杯子。玛丽坚持要他道歉，但是汤姆拒绝了。他坚持说他没 有打碎杯子。最后，玛丽生气了，她除了要得到道歉外坚持要求汤姆为她买一只新杯子。 (2013· 镇江模拟)The woman insisted that she ________ anyone and that she ________ set free as soon as possible. A．shouldn't cheat; be B．hadn't cheated; were C．hadn't cheated; be D．shouldn't cheat; were 6．forbid vt. (forbade, forbidden) 禁止，不准 [教材原句] He even forbids me from chatting with my friends in the Internet cafe! 他甚至禁止我在网吧与朋友聊天！ forbid doing sth. 禁止做某事 forbid sb. to do sth. ? ? 禁止某人做某事 forbid sb. from doing sth.? ① should take measures to ______________illegal cooking oil to dinner tables. We 我们应采取措施禁止地沟油回流餐桌。 ② Most parents agree to forbid their children __________ / ___________. 大部分父母同意禁止孩子吸烟。 [联想归纳]
forbid 后应该用动名词作宾语， 用不定式作宾语补足语， 类似的动词还有__________等。 (2012· 安庆一中模拟)Many university students want to live outside the school, but the school ________ them to do so, considering the safety. A．stops B．prevents C．allows D．forbids (2013· 宿迁剑桥国际学校模拟)What worried the mother most was ________ the Internet after class in this school. A．her son's not forbidding surfing B．her son's not being forbidden to surf C．her son's being not forbidden to surf D．her son's having not forbidden surfing 重点短语 1． supposed to (表示按照义务、 be 规则、 法律或约定等)应该……， 应当……； 被认为…… (1)be supposed to be 被认为是 was/were supposed to do sth. ＝ be supposed to have done sth. 本应该做某事(实际未做) (2)suppose/supposing (that) 假定/假如…… (3)I suppose so. 我认为是这样。 I suppose not.(＝ I don't suppose so.) 我认为不是这样。 ① haven't seen it myself, but it________________ a great movie. I 这部电影我没看过，不过人们普遍认为很不错。 ② You are late. You are supposed___________ / (were supposed _________ )five minutes ago. 你迟到了，你 5 分钟前就该到的。 ③ ____________you are wrong, what will you do then?假设你错了，你会怎么办？ [链接高考] (2011· 辽宁高考)What are you doing out of bed, Tom? You're ________to be asleep. A．supposed B．known C．thought D．considered (2013· 南阳模拟)—He hasn't finished his work yet. —Well, but he is ________. A．supposed to do B．supposed to have C．supposed to D．supposed to be (2012· 岳阳高三质检)The result is very important. It is supposed ________ a secret between you and me. A．to be kept B．to keep C．being kept D．keeping 重点句型 1．Daniel has_his_arms_crossed and looks upset. 丹尼尔双臂交叉，看上去很不高兴。 本句中的 has his arms crossed 是_____________结构 使某事被做(主语有意识的行为，可能是主语自己做，也可能让别人做) ① She told me she had had her house__________(repair). 她告诉我，她的房屋修好了。(她可能参加了修建工作，也可能没参加) ② had his son _________(take) to school this morning. He 今天早上他让别人把他的儿子送到学校里了。 [辨析比较] have sth. done, have sb. do sth., have sb./sth. doing, have sth. to do 试一试 用所给动词的适当形式填空 ③ She had her bag________ (steal) on the bus yesterday. ④ The boss had the workers ________(work) all night. ⑤ have a lot of homework________ (do) tonight. I ⑥ She had her husband_________ (throw) them out of the club. (2011· 陕西高考)Claire had her luggage ______an hour before her plane left. A．check B．checking C．to check D．checked (2013· 长沙模拟)As far as I know, our manager has already had the matter ________， which we can know from his relaxed expression. A．to settle B．settle C．settling D．settled Don't have the baby ________！So you'd better have your car ________ slowly. A．cry; running B．to cry; run C．crying; running D．crying; to run
2．Sometimes he acts as if he doesn't love us at all. 有时他表现得好像他根本就不爱我们。 as if (＝__________)“似乎， 好像”， 在本句中引导方式状语从句， 它也可用在 look, seem, sound 等系动词后引导________从句。 as if/as though 引导从句时若表示与事实相反就用______语气，如果表示真实或极有可 能发生的情况，则用_______语气。 as if/though 所引导的从句中的语气及时态：
? ?虚拟语气?不 ?虚拟现在：did ?虚拟过去：had done as if/though? 真实或不可能? ?发生的情况? ?虚拟将来：would/might/ ?could＋do ?
陈述语气?真实或极有可能发生的情况? ① We've missed the bus. It looks as if we__________(have) to walk. 我们误了公共汽车。看来我们只好步行了。(_______语气) ② actor and actress stood in front of the scene so that they looked as if they_______(be) at An the water's edge on an island.(2012· 新课标全国卷阅读 C)(_______语气) 一位男演员和一位女演员站在场景前面，他们看起来好像是在一座岛上的水边。 ③ felt a little dizzy, as if I _____ just ______(wake)from a long sleep.(2012· I 山东高考完形 填空)我感到有点眩晕，好像刚刚从长睡中醒来。 ④ opened his mouth as if he _________(say)something. He 他张开嘴好像要说什么。 [名师指津] as if/as though 引导状语从句时，当状语从句的主语和主句的主语一致，且 从句含 be 动词时，可省略状语从句的主语和 be 动词。从句的结构是 as if/as though＋名词/ 动词不定式/形容词(短语)/介词短语/分词等。 ⑤ Mike moves over as if_____________.迈克挪至一边，仿佛在给对方腾出空间。 ⑥ She shared her deepest thoughts with one friend in the letters, as if _________in her living room.她在信中与她的一个朋友分享她最深邃的想法，就像她们在客厅里聊天一样。 (2011· 湖南高考)Jack wasn't saying anything, but the teacher smiled at him ________ he had done something very clever. A．as if B．in case C．while D．thought (2013· 北京海淀区期中练习)Who does that shop assistant think he is？He behaves as if he ________ the grocery. A．own B．owned C．will own D．has owned He has drunk too much at the party and now he walks as if he ________ drunk. A．were B．was C．is D．should be 3．Also, every_time I watch a DVD he sends me to bed or tells me to spend more time studying. 还有，每次我看 DVD，他就催着我上床睡觉，要么就是教导我要多花些时间学习。 本句中 every time 用作________，引导时间状语从句。 ① __________I hear the song, I feel happy.我每次听到那首歌都很愉快。 有类似用法且可以引导时间状语从句的还有：every ?each? time/the first time/next time/the last time 每一次/第一次/下次/最后一次 ② __________I met her, I felt as if I had seen her somewhere. 当第一次见到她时，我感觉好像在某地见过她。 [名师指津] the first time 表示“第一次”，在句中可作宾语、表语，还可以用作______， 引导时间状语从句。for the first time 表示“第一次”，独立作_______，不引导从句。 ③ How should you behave when you meet someone_________？当你第一次遇到某个人的 时候应该如何表现？ (2013· 苏北四市联考)________she gets home, she always turns on the TV first, except when it is very late. A．Now that B．While C．Since D．Every time