2014 — 2015 学 年 度 第 一 学 期 期 末 检 测 试 题
高 三 英 语
本试卷分五部分。满分 120 分。考试时间 120 分钟。
第一部分： 听力 (共两节，满分 20 分)
答题卡上。 第一节（共 5 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳 选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和 阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. What’s the probable relationship between the two speakers? A. Old classmates. B. Travelers in England. C. Tourist and guide. 2. When does the plane take off? A. At 18:15. B. At ten to 9:00. C. At 8:15. 3. What has the weather been like recently? A. Rainy. B. Snowy. C. Cloudy. 4. What is the man? A. A dentist. B. A waiter. C. An editor. 5. What does the man think of the rent? A. Reasonable. B. Low. C. High. 第二节（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选 项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各个小 题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各个小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6 至 7 题。 6. What are the speakers mainly talking about? A. The girl’s job. B. The girl’s major. C. The girl’s college. 7. What can we learn about Joyce? A. She doesn’t want to study business. B. She isn’t serious about her future. C. She can’t make her own decision. 听第 7 段材料，回答第 8 至 9 题。 8. What are the two speakers mainly talking about? A. Human activities. B. Natural disasters. 9. How often do floods strike the country? A. Every twelve months. B. Every three years. 听第 8 段材料，回答第 10 至 12 题。 10. What do the man and the woman want to do? A. To buy an apartment. B. To rent a house. 11. What kind of house do they want?
C. Climate change. C. Every other year.
C. To prepare for their wedding.
A. With two bedrooms. B. With a living room for the TV. 12. Why doesn’t the man want to live far away from the downtown? A. He doesn’t want to get up too early in the morning. B. Apartments will be more expensive there. C. The traffic is too busy to get to work.
C. With a big kitchen.
听第 9 段材料，回答第 13 至 16 题。 13. How many suitcases does the woman want to deposit? A. Two. B. Five. C. Six. 14. What color is the suitcase containing the laptop? A. Red. B. Black. C. Brown. 15. What will the woman do with her digital products? A. She’ll deposit them there. B. She’ll take them with her. C. She’ll deposit them in Room 213. 16. Why will she go to the office on the second floor? A. To make complaints. B. To wait for her friends. C. To check some other baggage. 听第 10 段材料，回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. What is this passage mainly talking about? A. Different cultures. B. Table manners. C. Various countries. 18. In which country is drinking liquid food with a noise acceptable? A. In Japan. B. In Britain. C. Not mentioned. 19. What shouldn’t we do while we are dining in British family? A. Put our hands on the table. B. Keep silent at table. C. Use our left hand at table. 20. What should you do if you visit another country? A. Ask the native people there to help you. B. Watch carefully and try to do as the people there do. C. A or B.
第二部分：英语知识运用（共两节，满分 35 分）
第一节：单项填空（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 请认真阅读下面各题，从题中所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项，并在答 题卡上将该项涂黑。 21. The proposals deserve support as the needs of children should be given ________ to. A. priority B. preference C. privilege D. promotion 22. It is said that municipal government plans to ________ fireworks in celebration of the 2500th Yangzhou City Anniversary. A. set off B. set out C. set up D. set about 23. I had just finished my housework ________ I heard cries for first aid the other day. A. as B. while C. since D. when 24. ________ a distinctive scenic spot worth ________, Yangzhou, a friendly city, appeals to visitors from all over the world. A. Considered; visited B. Considered; visiting C. Considering; visiting D. Considering; being visited 25. As the principal puts it, “No one ________ the campus without the permission of the head teacher.” A. is leaving B. is to leave C. will leave D. leaves
26. Jack Ma, founder and executive chairman of China's Alibaba Group, has a $28.6 billion fortune, ________ making him the richest person in China. A. it B. one C. that D. which 27. A recent survey shows that the question ________ New Year's Eve should be included in the three-day New Year's holiday sparked heated discussion among the Internet users. A. that B. whether C. how D. where 28. We first met in the Slender West Lake in 2010, and both of us felt immediately that we ________ each other for years. A. knew B. know C. have known D. had known 29. It would actually be more cruel to ________ young people of the chance to experience another lifestyle. A. deprive B. cheat C. suspect D. accuse 30. Joint development plan of Nanjing-Zhenjiang-Yangzhou ________, residents in the area will enjoy a happier life. A. was released B. being released C. released D. having released 31. I hope that the little ________ I have been able to do has been of some use. A. what B. which C. that D. as 32. ________ his broken legs, Tom was forced to abandon the coming provincial sports meeting, which made him very depressed. A. In case of B. In terms of C. On top of D. On account of 33. In case anyone present at the meeting tonight ________ need any help, here’s my number for you to contact me. A. can B. shall C. should D. must 34. ________ to the current education system of China, the Ministry of Education should make some changes to make it more efficient for selecting talents. A. Most of us are so accustomed B. So are most of us accustomed C. Accustomed as most of us are D. As most of us are accustomed 35. — I heard that some police didn’t allow suspects enough sleep to get so-called criminal evidence in America. —________? This certainly goes against the rule of law. A. Who cares B. Why bother C. What for D. How so 第二节 完型填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分） 请认真阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项， 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Some years ago on a hot summer day in south Florida, a little boy decided to go for a swim in the old swimming hole behind his house. In a hurry to dive into the 36 water, he ran out of the back door, leaving 37 shoes, socks, and his shirt as he went. He flew into the water, not realizing that as he swam toward the middle of the lake, an alligator was swimming toward the 38 . His mother — in the house was looking out of the window — saw the two as they got 39 together. In utter fear, she ran toward the water, 40 her son as loudly as she could. Hearing her voice, the little boy became 41 and made a return to swim to his mother. It was too late. Just as he reached her, the alligator reached him. From the dock, the mother 42 her little boy by the arms just as the alligator snatched his legs. Then began an incredible tug-of-war between the two. The alligator was much 43
than the mother, but the mother was much too passionate to 44 . A farmer happened to drive by, heard her screams, raced from his truck, 45 and shot the alligator. 46 , after weeks in the hospital, the little boy survived. His 47 were extremely scarred by the vicious attack of the animal and, on his arms, were deep 48 where his mother's fingernails dug into his flesh in her effort to hang on to the son she loved. The newspaper reporter who interviewed the boy afterwards, asked if he 49 show him his scars. The boy did so. And then, with obvious 50 , he said to the reporter, “But look at my arms. I have great 51 here, too. I have them because my mom wouldn't let go.” You and I can identify with that little boy. We have scars, too. No, not from a(n) 52 , or anything quite so dramatic, but the scars of a(an) 53 past. Some of those scars are unsightly and have caused us deep 54 . But, some wounds, my friend, are because God has 55 to let go. In the midst of your struggle, he's been there holding on to you. 36. A. apparent B. cosy C. freezing D. moderate 37. A. off B. out C. alone D. behind 38. A. shore B. destination C. border D. harbor 39. A. down B. started C. closer D. connected 40. A. cursing at B. yelling to C. blaming on D. cheering up 41. A. frustrated B. alarmed C. stressed D. inspired 42. A. pushed B. tore C. touched D. grabbed 43. A. stronger B. rougher C. crueler D. swifter 44. A. set off B. get down C. let go D. drive away 45. A. took place B. took action C. took care D. took aim 46. A. Fluently B. Deliberately C. Amazingly D. Absolutely 47. A. legs B. cheeks C. toes D. hands 48. A. injuries B. damages C. sufferings D. scratches 49. A. would B. should C. must D. dared 50. A. bravery B. strength C. pride D. confidence 51. A. desires B. scars C. cures D. muscles 52. A. ancestor B. parent C. alligator D. helper 53. A. painful B. rewarding C. depressed D. honorable 54. A. thought B. impression C. confusion D. regret 55. A. failed B. refused C. determined D. intended
第三部分：阅读理解（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分）
请认真阅读下列短文，从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项， 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Food waste has been a chronic（习惯性的）problem for restaurants and grocery stores — with millions of tons lost along the way as crops are hauled（拖）hundreds of miles, stored for weeks in refrigerators and prepared on busy restaurant assembly lines. But the historically high price of products is making it an even bigger drag on the bottom line. Restaurants, colleges, hospitals and other institutions are compensating for the rising costs of waste in novel ways. Some are tracking their trash with software systems, making food in smaller packages or trying to compost (将……制成堆肥) and cut down on trash-hauling costs. “We have all come to work with this big elephant in the middle of kitchen, and the elephant is this ‘It’s okay to waste’ belief system,” said Andrew Shackman, president of LeanPath, a company that helps restaurants cut back food waste. The interest in cutting food waste “has just rocketed in the last six to nine months,” he said. Roughly 30 percent of food in the United States goes to waste, costing some $48 billion
annually, according to a Stockholm International Water Institute study. A University of Arizona study estimated that 40 to 50 percent of food in the United States is wasted. Wholesale food costs have risen more than 8 percent this year, the biggest jump in decades, according to the National Restaurant Association. Freshman students at Virginia Tech were surprised this year when the two of the campus’ biggest dining halls to find there were no trays. “You have to go back and get your dishware and your drink, but it’s not that different,” said Caitlin Mewborn, a freshman. “It’s not a big trouble. You take less food, and you don’t eat more than you should.” Getting rid of trays has cut food waste by 38 percent at the dining halls, said Denny Cochrane, manager of Virginia Tech’s sustainability program. Before the program began, students often grabbed whatever looked good at the buffet (自助餐), only to find at the table that their eyes were bigger than their stomachs, he said. 56. High price of products makes the problem of food waste ________. A. less challenging B. more unbelievable C. less noticeable D. more unsolvable 57. What does Caitlin Mewborn most probably think about the fact that no trays are provided in the campus’ dining halls? A. It doesn’t help cut food waste much. B. It causes much trouble for students. C. It isn’t well-received by the freshmen. D. It is efficient for cutting food waste. 58. The author mentions Virginia Tech as an example to support the idea that ________. A. food waste has been a long-lasting chronic problem B. novel ways are being applied to cutting food waste C. colleges are truly the biggest source of food waste D. the “It’s okay to waste” belief system is influential B To discipline means to teach. To be well disciplined is to have learned to live in accordance with the sensible rules and regulations that society has set up for the behavior of its members. Unless the child learns from each disciplinary situation how better to govern his conduct, effective discipline has not been developed. Parents must accept for themselves the idea that successful discipline results in learning. When they approach situations in which a child must adapt themselves to demands made upon them as learning situations, many problems usually thought of in connection with discipline disappear. Unfortunately, the word discipline has come to have other less constructive meanings. Far too often discipline is thought of as punishment. To many people, to discipline a child means to spank（掌掴）him or use some other method of punishment. Such people consider discipline a way of either keeping a child from doing something or of forcing him to do something. It is the task of parents to build within themselves and within the children with whom they live this capacity for self-direction, based upon an understanding of what is required of individuals in a democratic society. This means learning to act in those ways known to be necessary for the “good life”, not for one’s self alone but also for others. Developing the capacity for self-discipline in a child is a long, slow process. Much patience is required on the part of the parents. During this development, it is important that the child’s selfconfidence and comfortable acceptance of himself should never be sacrificed in a disciplinary battle; instead it should be increased through the ways in which his parents meet disciplinary situations. Many parents show a good deal of impatience if the little child does not rapidly learn how to keep clean, eat well, be orderly, and do what he is told. They are so eager for him to
achieve these things that they seem to try to push him rapidly through his baby period. They seem also to think that learning to do these things at the earliest possible age will place the child one jump ahead in the competitive race foe success. But expecting too much too early is a common mistake and results in many battles. 59. According to the passage, the well-disciplined people are those ________. A. behaving and considering what their parents require B. obeying what is required on some special occasions C. obeying the reasonable rules and social regulations D. having self-direction capacity in a democratic society 60. According to the passage, disciplining a child means ________ for many parents. A. developing his capacity for self-direction B. helping him understand social requirement C. setting various limitations to his behavior D. punishing him with one method or another 61. What may be the author ’s attitude towards parents’ expecting their children to achieve too much at the possible earliest age? A. Indifferent B. Disapproving C. Ironic D. Concerned C A spin-off from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) called Empatica, has created a wearable device that monitors epileptic seizures（癫痫发作）. According to Statista, the value of the global mHealth market for 2015 is forecasted to be at around 14.5 billion U.S. dollars. In fact, 247 million people in the US have downloaded a healthcare app for their personal use. The new product, Embrace, can be paired with a companion watch that a family member, friend or caregiver can wear. When the companion watch is in range of the user’s Embrace watch, it will vibrate to alert the companion watch of their medical situation or status. Embrace is tied together by two apps: an event detector which sends an alert when the user’s electrodermal response reaches a pre set level they customize based on their history and health profile; and a diary app which helps monitor and manage everyday routines. The ultra thin Embrace is the result of several years of research from MIT professor Dr. Rosalind W. Picard, founder and director of the Affective Computing Research Group at MIT Media Lab and her team. Embrace evolved from a discovery with an early device called iCalm in 2008 which allowed the researchers to see the outbreak of stress even before it was noticed by the subject. The sensors in the iCalm device measured the “fight-or-flight response” through electrodermal activity which was measured from the skin surface. In a small test group, the data from the iCalm showed that the wristband data was related to how long the brain waves were suppressed after an epileptic seizure. According to Picard, the data showed the bigger the signal on the wrist, the longer the brain waves went flat after the seizure had supposedly ended. The problem with that discovery, according to the researchers, is that someone who’s had an epileptic seizure and then appears to recover should be monitored and not left alone. Over time, Picard and her team fine-tuned iCalm to what is now the Embrace watch which monitors the user’s physiological stress levels. Embrace monitors electrodermal activity (EDA) and movement with an objective of reducing Sudden Unexplained Death in Epilepsy (SUDEP), the leading cause of death of those with epilepsy. Embrace recently launched an Indiegogo campaign to raise funds for further product development. The company also has partnered with the Epilepsy Foundation and plans to give
Embrace watches to children or families who can’t afford them. 62. What can be inferred from the passage? A. Embrace will undoubtedly have a bright market future. B. With Embrace, many epileptic sufferers have got cured. C. Embrace is unaffordable for most children and families. D. The government financially supports Embrace advances. 63. Embrace works with devices consisting of ________. A. paired companion watches B. an event detector and a diary app C. smart sensors in the iCalm device D. the signals shown on the wrist 64. Empatica developed iCalm because it ________. A. failed to detect an epileptic patient who tends to be cured B. was weak in reporting the accurate data of the stress outbreak C. could not figure out the brain waves via signals on the wrist D. lacked the function to explain the sudden death in Epilepsy 65. Which of the following can be the best title of the passage? A. From Fine-tuned iCalm to the Embrace Watch B. A Cure of Epilepsy by Picard and her Team C. A Smart Watch to Manage Epileptic Seizures D. Embrace, a Great Scientific Breakthrough D
The active advantages of passive housing
Imagine a house that keeps itself warm in the wintertime. Think of the savings in terms of fuel bills and unfriendly emissions. Such houses in fact exist. Called “passive houses”, the concept of these highly energy-efficient buildings took root in around 1990, before slowly consolidating as a niche construction concept in roughly 2000. Are passive houses now actively moving into the mainstream as sustainable buildings? For Brian McGarry, an economics lecturer who built a family house based on passive housing criteria in the Pyrenees this year, the arguments look compelling. As his first full winter in the low energy house drew in, we asked him to keep us posted. Do passive houses work? I had never heard of a passive house in February 2012, when I purchased a plot of land in a Pyrenees village at 1,200 m altitude on the Spanish-French border, embarking somewhat reluctantly on a self-build housing project. I knew what I wanted: a comfortable, pleasing and economically sensible house in an attractive location. And I knew what I didn’t want: a costly project management nightmare for an inexperienced builder. What I didn’t know is that I would be persuaded to build a pre-constructed, custom-designed house based on energy-efficient passive house criteria. Some European economies are already demanding levels of energy efficiency that are close to those standards, but the simplicity and logic of the proposal proved overwhelming: it promised to be easier and quicker to build, cheaper to run, and more comfortable to live in. The objective was not to meet standards such as those of Germany's Passivhaus Institut, but to include the fundamental concepts of passive energy management in my project: an airtight and highly protected building envelope; large south-facing double or triple-glazed windows (if possible, filled with argon gas) that passively capture the energy of the sun; a heat recovery ventilation system to provide fresh air; and a simple, low-cost heating system consisting of a modern wood-burning stove, a bathroom heater and a portable radiator
backup for when the sun doesn’t shine and temperatures drop. No significant limitations were placed on the design, the risk of a budget overrun for a highly specified factory-built structure looked low, and it was environmentally friendly. Moreover, the cost was no more than a conventional build. Certainly, arguments against the project could be made, such as the uncertain resale value of innovative houses in a conservative market, and the risk of being an early adopter of technologies that are relatively new to Spain and France. A German architect recommended a young Catalan colleague, Josep Bunyesc, to do the job for me. In 2009 Bunyesc designed the first house in Spain based on passive house criteria, built in conjunction with an innovative industrial specialist in wooden structures, Fustes Sebastia. I was deeply impressed by the houses I visited – the functionality, comfort and spaciousness of the designs, coupled with the efficiency, quality and cost of the construction method. I then hammered out a design with the architect – the longest part of the process. The rest was disconcertingly fast: a USB pen drive transmitted the design orders to an automated woodcutting and assembling factory in Spain. A total of 22 insulated wall and roof structures were completed in three weeks and, with most windows also fitted, these were transported by truck to the plot location across the French border. The house was then assembled on site by local house-building specialists, Ecobois.eu, who took another week to combine the structure, despite adverse weather conditions in February 2013.
What are the main performance results so far?
After six months in use, the house is proving to be both cheap to run and remarkably comfortable–staying cool in the hot summer was effortless, as long as the windows were shuttered or shaded from the sun. Now staying warm in the cold, high-altitude December climate also seems easy, so far. The temperature remains even throughout the building – no hot or cold rooms – and the dynamics of the building’s passive heat management mean that once the sun shines with reasonable regularity, the house stays comfortable, even when empty. Arriving on a cold night after an extended absence has so far not been a concern. Winter arrived in force in the Pyrenees in November, with abundant snowfalls and temperatures as low as minus 8° Celsius. Though early days, the house has responded well: the stove is lit during cold evenings but the portable radiator has not yet been needed. This type of construction seems not only to make economic and environmental sense, but to enhance our quality of life, too. 66. The author states in Paragraph 1 that passive housing ________. A. calls for energy to keep warm in winter and cool in summer B. had been promoted for a decade before the birth of its theory C. catches on with both the self-builders and those constructors D. refers to a certain house comfortable, costly and also pleasing 67. The houses, regarding the passive energy management, can NOT be characterized by ________. A. using south-facing windows to take in solar energy B. providing energy for taking a shower when it’s rainy C. supplying fresh air with a special heat recovery system D. placing much more demands and limits on the design 68. According to the passage, passive housing turns out promising because it is ________. A. reasonable in practice and easy to operate B. relatively warm in winter and cool in summer C. much cheaper to run and comfortable to live in
D. quite economical and environmentally friendly 69. How did the author find his self-built house? A. Very unaffordable. B. Energy-consuming. C. Comfortable to live. D. Far from eco-friendly. 70. Which of the following is closest to the meaning of the underlined words “hammered out”? A. decided on B. worked out C. referred to D. thought up
第四部分：任务型阅读（共 10 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 10 分）
请认真阅读下面短文，并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单 词。注意：请将答案写在答题卡上相应题号的横线上。每个空格只写一个单词。 People seeking relaxation during the National Day (Oct 1) holidays may find themselves in a dilemma. While a nice trip during the one-week break may seem a good choice, it could also end up in disappointment, considering the overwhelming crowds cramming all the popular tourist sites around the country. In recent years, news headlines have shown visitors jamming tourist attractions like the Forbidden City and the Great Wall in Beijing as well as the West Lake in Hangzhou, Zhejiang province, even capturing the attention of those who didn't travel. Well, could Robert Frost's poem about taking the road less traveled give us a little inspiration for choosing your destinations? Instead of rushing to well-known sites only to be caught in long lines and huge crowds, you can explore some less-traveled places that have their own unique charms and scenery. From vast grasslands, picturesque river canyons, magnificent mountains to historic water towns or villages, we have come up with a list of optional travel destinations based on the recommendation of travelers and our own experiences. Mount Sanqing Mount Sanqing is a famed sacred Taoist mountain 40 km north of Yushan country in Jiangxi province. Sanqing in Chinese means the “three Pure Ones” as Mount Sanqing is made up of three peaks representing the Taoist trinity. The landscape resembles famous Mount Huangshan, which is located not far anyway but is much more crowded. Picturesque rock of formations a sea of clouds, and many streams and waterfalls are its main attractions. It was named a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2008. The Shunan Bamboo Sea The Bamboo Sea in Yibin, Southwest China’s Sichuan province, is 600 to 1,000 meters above sea level and is known for its bamboo forests and beautiful views. It stretches over an area of 120 sq km with more than 500 hills densely covered with various kinds of bamboo. The Bagua (Eight-diagram) Village Located in Zhejiang ’s Lanxi city, it’s a quaint village whose layout resembles the famous Eight-diagram pattern. Legend has it that it was designed by Zhuge Liang, who lived during the Three Kingdoms (AD220-280) and is regarded as the reincarnation （再生） of wise people by many Chinese. The villagers have claimed to be direct descendents of Zhuge Liang. Yaoli Town The ancient town of Yaoli in Jiangxi province is perhaps less known compared to Jingdezhen, the “ceramics capital of China”. However, it’s a place with a rich history, plenty of traditional buildings and beautiful landscapes, and the locals still live harmoniously with nature. The Maling River Canyon
The Maling River Canyon in Xingyi city, in Guizhou province is noted for its karst outcrops, deep rifts, waterfalls and curtains of calcium deposits. Tourists can spend the better part of a day following a winding path through the lush canyon, crossing bridges up to and behind cascading waterfalls. The canyon has about 100 waterfalls. The Pear Falls cascade over a 100-meter-high cliff, with spray rising in all directions like pearls in the air. Miles of calcium sediments are visible on the two faces of the canyon. They vary in color and shape, creating colorful and vivid pictures. Saihanba National Forest Park Saihanba National Forest Park is in Hebei’s Weichang Manzu and Mongolian autonomous country, about 460 km mortheast of Beijing. The park used to be part of the royal hunting ground in the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911). The 273-sq-km park, rising between 1,100 to 1,940 meters above sea level, features vast meadows, a plateau lake, a diversity of animal and plants and some historical relics from the Qing Dynasty. Wild Duck Lake Yeya Lake, or Wild Duck Lake, in Beijing ’s Yanqing county, is one of the most famous destinations for bird watching near the city. The lake, with 2,000 hectares of water area and 3,300 hectares of wetland and grassland, has been designated as a reserve mainly for migratory birds. In fact, it’s also an ideal place to enjoy the beautiful scenery and clean air.
Some scenic places less traveled ●Too many tourists get crammed into the popular traveling sites, 71 for the crowded jams. ●Some less-traveled scenic spots for their attractive scenery. ●Mount Sanqing: Its landscape is of Mount Huangshan. ●The Shunan Bamboo Sea: It 75 120 sq km with various bamboos. 72 touring
Present situations about popular traveling sites
an area of
●The Bagua Village: The village is considered as the rebirth place of people with 76 . ●Yaoli Town: People of this historic town live with nature in 77 . ●The Maling River Canyon: Visitors can follow a 78 path through the canyon with waterfalls. ● Saihanba National Forest Park: It once as the royal hunting ground in the Qing Dynasty. 79
Some 73 about destinations to make
●Wild Duck Lake: The lake is designed to be a reserve for bird 80 and bird-watching.
第五部分：书面表达（满分 25 分）
81.请阅读下面短文，并按照要求用英语写一篇 150 词左右的文章。 How many times have you heard the expression that most people spend more time planning their vacation than they do planning their lives. I would expand that expression by adding that most people spend more time “thinking” about their vacation than they do thinking about what's important in their life. While rest and relaxation are a must in living a balanced life, it’s not what we were created to do. After all, the Master Creator took his R&R (Rest and Recreation) on the seventh day, only after six days of “definitely directed thought.” Wallace D. Wattles, wrote “There is no labor from which most people shrink as they do from that of sustained and continuous thought; it is the hardest work in the world.” And yet it is the first and primary labor of achievement. What is your life’s purpose or your personal mission statement? Is it written down? Do you
review it and think about it often? Is your life organized around your purpose and a set of goals that support that purpose? Without purpose and goals — definitely directed thought — you are like the proverbial “ship without a rudder（舵）.” There is power in your purpose and in your goals. It is the power that takes you over obstacles, the fuel that pushes you toward the life you expect. [写作内容] 1．用约 30 个单词写出上文概要； 2．用约 120 词发表你的观点，内容包括： （1）读完这篇文章后，你对目标的认识是什么？ （2）你的近期（short-term）和远期（long-term）目标分别是什么？ （3）为了实现你的目标，你现在打算怎么做？ [写作要求] 1.作文中可以使用亲身经历或虚构故事； 2.阐述观点或提供论据时，不得直接引用原文语句； 3.作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称； 4.不必写标题。 [评分标准] 内容完整，语言规范，语篇连贯，词数适当。
扬州市 2014-2015 学年度第一学期高三期末质量检测
1-5 ACAAC 6-10 BACAB 11-15 BCCBB 16-20 CBAAC 21-25 AADBB 26-30 BBDAC 31-35 CDCCD 36-40 BDACB 41-45 BDACD 46-50 CADAC 51-55 BCADB 56-58 DDB 59-61 CDB 62-65 ABAC 66-70 BDACA 71. making 72. deserve 73. options/choices/alternatives 74. similar 75. covers wisdom 77. harmony 78. winding 79. acted/functioned/served 80. migration Possible version: during the process of your life, as it guarantees your right direction of constant achievements. Personally, it can never be too true that life can not shine without goals. No matter what you do, so long as you are determined to achieve, goals are necessary. Everybody has his own goals with no exception of me. Being a man useful to society is my long-term goal. However, at present, to an ideal university is undoubtedly my desire. Few people can survive well unless equipped with abundant knowledge. In an effort to realize my dream, hard work seems the best and only choice. Not only will I make my study plans in detail, but the most important is to put my plans into real action. Only with great efforts can I attain further education and eventually step into future with great confidence. 阅读理解注解 A 56. 选 D。 第一段的最后一句与第一句提到的 chronic problem 比起来， 该段最后一句的 even bigger drag 表明食物价格的上涨使浪费食物的问题变得更加难以解决， 而下一段提到的减少 浪费的方法也证明了第一段说明的应该是减少食物浪费问题的难度，故选 D。 57. 选 D。第七段提到，Caitlin Mewborn 认为这种做法能让学生吃多少就拿多少，从而减少 食物浪费，故选 D。 58. 选 B。本题考查主旨大意，第一段和第二段以因果逻辑关系点出文章主题：因为第一段 食品浪费的问题很严重，因此第二段各种机构试图用心的方法去解决，故选 B。 B 59. 选 C。细节理解题。根据文章第一段…live in accordance with…可以知道纪律性强的人是 遵守规矩的，所以 C 项正确。 60. 选 D。 细节理解题。根据第三段的 To many people, to discipline a child means to spank（掌 掴）him or use some other method of punishment. 可以知道：对很多家长而言，规范孩子就 是惩罚孩子，所以选 D 项。 61. 选 B。 推理判断题。 本文作者提倡的规矩孩子的方法是教育， 而父母常用的方法的惩罚， 所以作者的态度是反对的，所以选 B 项。 C 62. 选 A。推理判断题。根据第二段中 the value of the global mHealth market for 2015 is forecasted to be at around 14.5 billion U.S. dollars……得知 Embrace watch 前景广阔。故 A 项正
Despite the fact that constructing your future with goals is tough, it does make a difference
确。 63. 选 B。细节理解题。根据文章第四段 Embrace is tied together by two apps: an event detector ……; and a diary app……得知 Embrace 装置由两部分组成。故 B 项正确。 64. 选 A。细节理解题。根据倒数第三段末尾句 The problem with that discovery, according to the researchers, is that ...... 可得知，之前的 iCalm device 存在缺陷。所以选 A 项。 65. 选 C。推理判断题。根据图示和第三段以及后来的讲述，整篇文章讲述的是 Embrace watch。所以选 C 项。 D 66. 选 B。事实辨析题。由第一段第三句“the concept of these highly energy-efficient buildings took root in the 1990s, before slowly consolidating as a niche construction concept in the 2000s” 可知，B 为正确答案。A 项与文章内容不吻合。第一段提到 “a house that keeps itself warm in the wintertime”这样的房子在夏天如何，第一段并未说明。 C 项意为 passive housing 非常受 自建房者和建筑人员欢迎，这显然与文章不一致。由第一段最后一句提问可知，能否成为主 流值得怀疑。 由“Think of the savings in terms of fuel bills and unfriendly emissions”可知 D 错误， costly 花费高的，而事实上这是节俭的、宜人的、环保的。 67. 选 D。由第三段倒数第二句“No significant limitations were placed on the design”可知 passive housing 对于设计并没有特别明显的限制 。ABC 均为其主要特征，由第四段第三句 均可找到相关依据。 68. 选 A。推理判断题。根据文章 passive housing 很有前景，主要在于操作技术成熟、简便 可行。由第四段第二句可知。 69. 选 C。 由倒数第二段第一句“After six months in use, the house is proving to be both cheap to run and remarkably comfortable–staying cool in the hot summer was effortless,”可知，自己的自 建房是舒适、便宜、环保的，故选择 C。A，B，D 很明显与文章意思不一致。 70. 选Ａ。词义猜测题。由第六段第三句可知，“I was deeply impressed by the houses I visited – the functionality, comfort and spaciousness of the designs, coupled with the efficiency, quality and cost of the construction method”我对于 passive housing 设计，其功能、舒适、宽大以及 建筑效率、质量、开销等印象深刻，然后和这位建筑师花了很长时间，共同协商敲定了一个 设计方案。所以，这儿 decide on 最为合适。work out 算出，制定出；refer to 参考，提到； think up 想出。 书面表达评分标准 一、评分原则： 1.本题总分为 25 分，按 5 个档次给分。 2.评分时，先根据文章的内容和语言初步确定其所属档次，然后以该档次的要求来衡量，确 定或调整档次，最后给分。 3.词数少于 130 和多于 170 的，从总分中减去 2 分。用笔：铅笔、红笔答题一律零分。 4.评分时，应注意要点内容、词汇应用、语法结构的数量、准确性，并考虑使用一定数量的 较复杂结构或较高级词汇。通篇文章句型单调、无关联词、文章欠流畅、时态错误降档处 理。 书面表达要点：内容要点无遗漏。按照评分标准评分。 1）对上文的概况（6 分） 。 2）对目标的认识（6 分） 。 3）近期和远期目标（7 分） 。 4）实现目标的打算（6 分） 。
5. 拼写与标点符号：是语言正确性的一个方面，评分时，应视其对交际的影响程度予以 考虑。英、美拼写及词汇用法均可接受。相同错误只扣分一次。 6、大错：句子结构、时态、语态、句子缺谓语动词等为大错。小错：介词、冠词、单词 拼写、大小写、标点符号等为小错。3 个小错相当于 1 个大错。按照评分标准评分。 7. 如书写较差，以至影响交际，将分数降低一个档次。投机：开头一段和最后一段切题， 中间部分从阅读理解中抄一段判零分 二. 各档次的给分范围和要求 第五档（很好） ： （21-25 分）完全完成了试题规定的任务。 ★覆盖所有内容要点。 ★应用较多的语法结构和词汇。 ★语法结构或词汇方面有些许错误，但为尽力使用较复杂结构或较高级词汇所致；具备较 强的语言运用能力。 ★有效地使用了语句间的连接成分，使全文结构紧凑。 ★完全达到了预期的写作目的 第四档（好） ： （16-20 分）完全完成了试题规定的任务。 ★虽漏掉了一两个次重点,但覆盖所有主要内容。 ★应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求。 ★语法结构或词汇方面应用基本准确， 些许错误主要是因为尝试复杂语法结构或词汇所致。 ★应用简单的语句间的连接成分，使全文结构紧凑。 ★达到了预期的写作目的。 第三档： （一般） （10-15 分）基本完成了试题规定的任务。 ★虽然漏掉一些内容，但覆盖所有的主要内容。 ★应用的语法结构或词汇能满足任务的要求。 ★有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误，但不影响理解。 ★应用简单的语句间连接成分，使全文内容连贯。 ★整体而言，基本达到了预期的写作目的。 第二档： （差） （5-10 分）未恰当完成试题规定的任务 ★漏掉或未描述清楚一些主要内容，写了一些无关内容。 ★语法结构单调，词汇项目有限。 ★有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误，影响了对写作内容的理解。 ★较少使用语句间的连接成分，内容缺少连贯性。 ★信息未能清楚的传递给读者。 第一档（很差） ： （0-5 分）未能完成了试题规定的任务。 ★明显遗漏主要内容要点，写了一些无关内容，原因可能是未能理解试题要求。 ★语法结构简单、词汇项目有限。 ★较多语法结构或词汇方面的错误，影响对写作内容的理解。 ★缺乏语句间的连接成分，内容不连贯。 ★信息未能传达给读者。 听力材料 【录音原文】 Text 1 W: Good morning, Hank. It is wonderful to be back in England. M: I’m so glad to see you again, and it’s over ten years now since we left university. Text 2
M: When are you leaving? W: I have bought the plane ticket. The plane takes off at 8:15 tomorrow. M: Say good-bye then. Text 3 W: Why is it raining cats and dogs again? I hate it. M: Nobody likes it. It has been like this for a whole week. W: How I wish I could go swimming in the lake again! Text 4 W: Oh, excuse me. I catch a cold. Can you give me something for it? M: Sorry, I am only a dentist. I know little about your illness, but I have some medicine on me for I have a cold too. W: Thank you very much. You are so kind. Text 5 M: For such a small room I have to pay you 300 pounds a month. Don’t you think it’s a little expensive? W: Well, but it’s a nice room with modern furniture and the rent includes electricity. M: I see. Anyway, it costs too much. Text 6 M: Joyce? W: Yeah, Dad! I’m in my room. I’m packing. M: Hi, honey. I can’t believe you are going to college! So, what do you want to study? W: Art. M: Art? Come on, Joyce. Be serious. I think you should study business so you can get a good job. You are a very smart, organized young woman. It’s perfect for you. W: But, Dad…There’s a lot I can do with an art degree. The business world is very competitive. M: I don’t know, Joyce… W: Come on, Dad. I’m old enough to make my own decision. Text 7 W: Do you think that climate change is responsible for the recent floods? M: It could be. There are floods in this country every year, but in recent years they have been more widespread and more frequent. W: It seems that the climate in this country is changing. M: The summers are hotter. The last three summers have been the hottest for the past 200 years. There have also been stronger winds. W: I think that the changing climate is a sign that we’re causing too much damage to the environment. M: I think you’re right. Climate changes naturally over time, but I think that human activities are speeding up the change. I wish that governments would join together and try to resolve the problem. W: I agree. If we don’t do something soon, it might be too late. Text 8 W: So Peter, what kind of apartment should we get? I’m really looking forward to getting a place of our own.
M: Yeah, it will be a great thing. Well, I want to find us a nice place, but our salary isn’t very high so we might need to find some place a bit less expensive. W: The way I figure it, we can both put between 200 and 250 dollars a month into rent. That leaves enough for food and other expenses, right? M: That sounds good. I’m afraid if we spend anything else on housing, we’ll be like living in a rat trap. W: So we must have a house of one bedroom, a living room for the TV, a bathroom and a little kitchen. Anything else? M: Also, I don’t want to be too far away from downtown. The traffic is just too heavy to get to work. Wouldn’t it be great if we could walk to work every day? W: We’ll see what we can find. Apartments closer to downtown are more expensive. M: Don’t worry. We certainly can find a good one. Text 9 M: Good evening, welcome to storage. May I be of service? W: Yeah, I want to have my baggage deposited. M: OK. How many pieces of baggage do you have in all? W: Here they are. That’s all of it. M: One, two...six, six pieces? W: Yes. By the way, there is a laptop in the black suitcase. Please handle with care! M: Laptop? Wait a minute, please. W: Is there anything wrong? M: Sorry, madam. I’m afraid that digital products are not allowed to be deposited. W: Then what can I do with them? M: Could you take them with you? W: It’s so heavy and it will be a burden. M: It’s the best choice to protect your personal property. W: That sounds reasonable. I’ll take your advice! Thank you. M: That’s the least I can do for you. Well. Is there anything else breakable in your baggage? W: A digital camera. M: It’s the same as the laptop. Any other questions? W: What’s the price of it? M: It’s 8 yuan per hour for your two big suitcases, and 5 yuan per hour for the four small ones. W: I have some other baggage to check. Where should I go? M: You can go to the office in the waiting room. It’s Room 213 on the 2nd floor. W: Thank you. I’ll get my suitcases before I leave. Text 10 Today I’m going to tell you something about table manners in different countries. I think you already know that people in different countries have different ways of doing things. Something that is rude in one country may be quite polite in another. For example, in Britain you mustn’t lift your bowl to your mouth when you are having some liquid food. And in Japan you needn’t worry about making a noise when you drink. It shows that you are enjoying it. But that is considered bad manners in Britain. In Britain we try not to put our hands on the table at all during a meal. In Mexico, however, guests are expected to keep their hands on the table throughout a meal. But it is in the Arab
countries that we really must be careful with our hands. You see, in Arab countries you mustn’t eat with your left hand. This is considered to be very impolite. So, what should you do if you visit another country? Well, you needn’t worry. You can ask the native people there to help you or just watch carefully and try to do as they do, not as you do at home.