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阅读理解。 People from East Asia tend to have more difficulty than those from Europe in distinguishing facial expressions — and a new report published online in Current Biology explains why. Racha

el Jack, University of Glasgow researcher, said that rather than scanning evenly(均匀 的) across a face as Westerners do, Easterners fix their attention on the eyes. "We show that Easterners and Westerners look at different face features to read facial expressions," Jack said. "Westerners look at the eyes and the mouth in equal measure, whereas Easterners favor the eyes and neglect (忽略) the mouth." According to Jack and her colleagues, the discovery shows that human communication of emotion is more complex than previously believed. As a result, facial expressions that had been considered universally recognizable cannot be used to reliably convey emotion in cross-cultural situations. The researchers studied cultural differences in the recognition of facial expressions by recording the eye movements of 13 Western Caucasian and 13 East Asian people while they observed pictures of. expressive faces and put them into categories: happy, sad, surprised, fearful, disgusted, angry, or neutral. They compared how accurately participants read those facial expressions using their particular eye movement strategies. It turned out that Easterners focused much greater attention on the eyes and made significantly more errors than did Westerners. "The cultural difference in eye movements that they show is probably a reflection of cultural difference in facial expressions," Jack said. "Our data suggest that whereas Westerners use the whole face to convey emotion, Easterners use the eyes more and mouth less." In short, the data show that facial expressions are not universal signals of human emotion. From here on, examining how cultural factors have diversified these basic social skills will help our understanding of human emotion. Otherwise, when it comes to communicating emotions across cultures, Easterners and Westerners will find themselves lost in translation. ( ) 1. The discovery shows that Westerners A. pay equal attention to the eyes and the mouth B. consider facial expressions universally rel iable C. observe the eyes and the mouth in different ways


D. have more difficulty in recognizing facial expressions ( ) 2. What were the people asked to do in the study? B. To get their faces impressive. D. To observe the researchers' faces.

A. To make a face at each other. C. To classify some face pictures. (

) 3. What does the underlined word "they" in Paragraph 6 refer to? B. The researchers of the study. D. The data collected from the study. ( ) 4. In comparison .

A. The participants in the study. C. The errors made during the study.

with Westerners, Easterners are likely to A. do translation more successfully B. study the mouth more frequently C. examine the eyes more attentively D. read facial expressions more correctly ( ) 5. What can be the best title for the passage? A. The Eye as the Window to the Soul B. Cultural Differences in Reading Emotions C. Effective Methods to Develop Social Skills D. How to Increase Cross-cultural Understanding

【语篇解读】本文为科普说明文。主要介绍了最新的科学研 究发现:东方人比西方人更难于 读懂他人的面部表情。 1. 答案:A 考点:细节理解题 解析:根据第三段 “Westerners look at the eyes and the mouth in equal measure, whereas Eastern ers favor the eyes and neglect (忽略) the mouth.” 可以得出答案 2. 答案:C 考点:细节理解题 解析:根据第五段 “…by recording the eye movements of 13 Western Caucasian and 13 East Asian people while they observed pictures of. expressive faces and put them into categories: happy, sad, surprised, fearful, disgusted, angry, or neutral.”可以判断选 C 3. 答案:A 考点:词义猜测

解析: 根据定语从句 “that they show”所修饰的 eye movements 在研究中为 the participants 所 作(从 the eye movements of 13 Western Caucasian and 13 East Asian people”可知)可判断选 A 4. 答案:C 考点:细节理解题 解析:根据第六段 “It turned out that Easterners focused much greater attention on the eyes and made significantly more errors than did Westerners.”可判断选 C 5. 答案:B 考点:主旨大意题 解析:文章首先指出科学研究的最新发现:东方人比西方人更难于读懂人的面部表情。之后 更具体地介绍研究的结构及其研究过程,最后得出结论:文化差异丰富了理解情感的基本社 会技巧, 即: 不同的文化背景使人理解他人情感的方式也不尽相同。 由此判断最佳标题应为 B。

阅读理解 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。 F. Scott Fitzgerald, born on September 24, 1896, an American novelist, was once a student of St. Paul Academy, the Newman School and attended Princeton. University for a short while. In 1917 he joined the army and was posted in Alabama, where he met his future wife Zelda Sayre. Then he had to make some money to impress her. His life with her was full of great happiness, as he wrote in his diary: “My own happiness in the past often approached such joy that I could share it even with the person dearest to me but had to walk it away in quiet streets and take down parts of it in my diary.” This side of paradise, his first novel, was published in 1920. Encouraged by its success, Fitzgerald began to devote more time to his writing. Then he continued with the novel the Beautiful and Damned (1922), a collection of short stories Thales of the Jazz Age (1922), and a play The Vegetable (1923). But his greatest success was The Great Gatsby, published in 1925, which quick brought him praise from the literary world. Yet it failed to give him the needed financial security. Then, in 1926, he published another collection of short stories All the Sad Young Men. However, Fitzgerald’s problems with his wife Zelda affected his writing. During the 1920s he tried to

reorder his life, but failed. By 1930, his wife had her first breakdown and went to a Swiss clinic. During this period he completed novels Tender Is the Night in 1934 and The Love of the Last Tycoon in 1940. While his wife was in hospital in the United States, he got totally addicted to alcohol. Sheila Graham, his dear friend, helped him fight his alcoholism.


) 1. How many

novels written by Fitzgerald are mentioned in

the passage? A. 5 ( B. 6 C. 7 D. 8

) 2. Which of the

following is the correct order to describe

Fitzgerald’s life according to the passage? a. He became addicted to drinking. b. He studied at St. Paul Academy. c. He published his first novel This Side of Paradise. d. The Great Gatsby won high praise. e. He failed to reorder his life. f. He joined the army and met Zelda. A. f-c-e-a-b-d ( B. b-e-a-f-c-d C. f-d-e-c-b-a D. b-f-c-d-e-a .

) 3. We can infer from the passage that Fitzgerald

A. had made some money when he met Zelda in Alabama. B. was well educated and well off before he served in the army C. would have completed more works if his wife hadn’t broken down D. helped his friend get rid of drinking while his wife was in hospital ( ) 4. The passage is probably followed by a concluding paragraph about .

A. Zelda’s personal life B. Zelda’s illness and treatment C. Fitzgerald’s friendship with Graham D. Fitzgerald’s contributions to the literary world 【语篇解读】本片文章为记叙文,主要讲述了英国著名文学家弗兰西斯· 司各特· 菲茨杰拉德的

生平、生活及其重要作品 56.答案 A。 【解析】 细节理解题。 据题意, 由文章中关键词 novel 可知, 文章中提及到的弗兰西斯· 司各特· 菲 茨杰拉德的小说有:This side of paradise,The Beautiful and Damned,The Great Gatsby,Tender Is the Night and The love of the last Tycoon,共计 5 篇。故选 A 项 57.答案 D。 【解析】细节理解题。根据第一段中“……was once a student of St. Paul Academy……In 1917 he joined the army……”可知弗兰西斯· 司各特· 菲茨杰拉德先在圣保罗学院学习,然后参加的军队。 由此可知答案应为 D 项 58.答案 C。 【解析】推理判断题。由第四段第一句“However, Fitzgerald’s problems with his wife Zelda affected his writing”可以判断出 C 项 59.答案 D。 【解析】推理判断题。根据人物传记的特点和本段对菲茨杰拉德生活、作品的描述,说明了菲 茨杰拉德的作品对学界的意义,因此最后总结的一段是关于菲茨杰拉德对文学界的贡献的。故 选D项

完形填空 ChiChi, the Chihuahua is the Hero Pet of the Year. At 13 pounds, ChiChi might be most at home in a handbag. “He’s so 1 that I can take him up with one hand, ”says Mary Lane of her to

energetic pet. “Most people see him and think he’s 2 . ”But last October, the Chihuahua 3 be more than just a pretty face. Mary and her husband, Rick, were Carolina. As usual, ChiChi was 5 4

on the beach one afternoon while on vacation in North 6

on his blanket in his own little beach chair. “We had our 7 became extremely disturbed. His 8 9

buried in books, ”recalls Rick, “when suddenly the


different from anything we had heard before. And he would not let us and forth in front of his see two elderly 11

him. ”ChiChi ran back

10 , pulling at his leash as if to run down the beach. The Lanes sat up to 12 tipping

in the ocean, about 10 feet off shore. One was on her back, her 13

under the waves. The other was

trying to keep her friend’s head above the surface. The Lanes

14 across the sand and into the surf. Rick swam to the woman in danger of drowning, while Mary held fast to the other one and 15 her up on the beach. “Then I went back to help Rick, ”Mary

recalls. “The sand dropped off steeply, and a riptide(激流)was 16 the woman under. She was completely disoriented(不知所措的). ”Still recovering from recent knee surgery, the woman had been unable to 17 or push herself up.

“Her friend had been in danger too, ”Mary says. “The waves were pushing her around. There’s no way she could have 18 much longer. ”The women hadn’t called out for help. “They were

19 so hard, and there was no time for screaming, ”Mary recalls. But ChiChi had sensed danger nonetheless. “The dog knew. I’ve 20 over how. ”

Duty done, ChiChi was back in his chair, asleep. 【文章大意】本文是一篇记叙文, 介绍了一条小狗跟随主人在海边休闲时, 敏锐地察觉到海中 有人遇险, 便做出一反常态的反应提醒主人, 在主人的努力下终于使两位遇险的游客获救, 这 使它成为年度英雄宠物。 1. A. smart B. tiny C. weak D. lovely

【解析】 选 B。 逻辑推理题。 根据上文“只有 13 磅, 吉吉或许可以放在一个手提包中”和下文“我 用一只手就可以把它拎起来 ” 可以断定这条狗很小 , 故最佳答案为 B 项。 smart“ 聪明的 ”; weak“虚弱的”; lovely“可爱 的”, 与后文的 I can take him up with one hand 在信息的表达上都不 搭配。 2. A. useless B. careless C. kind D. crazy

【解析】选 A。逻辑推理题。前文谈到这条狗很小, 故可以推断: 绝大多数人在看到它时都会 认为它没有什么用处。故答案为 A。 3. A. wanted B. decided C. proved D. agreed

【解析】选 C。逻辑推理题。根据后文这条狗的表现可以断定该句意思是: 这条吉娃娃狗“证 明”了自己不仅仅长着一个漂亮的脸蛋, 答案为 C 项。 4. A. working B. swimming C. quarreling D. relaxing

【解析】选 D。逻辑推理题。根据下文“在北卡罗来纳州的海滩上悠闲度假”可以断定玛丽和丈 夫正在沙滩“休闲”, 故答案为 D 项。 5. A. practicing B. lying C. barking D. eating

【解析】选 B。逻辑推理题。该句意思是: 像往常一样, 吉吉正躺在自己那个沙滩椅中的毯子 上。从最后一段的那句话“它回到椅子上睡觉”也可以看出这里是“躺”着, 故答案为 B 项。

6. A. hands

B. mouths

C. ears

D. noses

【解析】选 D。固定搭配题。bury one’s nose in books 指“埋头读书”, 是固定搭配, 与度假休闲 的语境相符。 7. A. owner B. dog C. fish D. crowd

【解析】选 B。词汇复现题。根据下文可知: 这条狗突然变得非常不安。 8. A. bark B. bite C. yell D. roar

【解析】选 A。词义辨析题。该句意思是“它的吠叫一点也不像我们以前听到的那样 ”。bark 用来指狗的吠叫, 故答案为 A。bite 意思是“咬”; yell 和 roar 都指“大声喊叫”。 9. A. feed B. notice C. watch D. ignore

【解析】选 D。逻辑推理题。根据下文可知这条狗竭力想引起我们的注意, 不让我们“无视”它 的反应, 故答案为 D 项。 10. A. desk B. board C. chair D. shelf

【解析】选 C。词汇复现题。根据上文谈到的“. . . in his own little beach chair”可知这里是指“吉 吉在椅子前面不安地来回走动”。故答案为 C 项。 11. A. men B. fishermen C. women D. students

【解析】 选 C。 词汇复现题。 根据下文可知林恩夫妇和这条狗营救了两位妇女, 故答案为 C 项。 12. A. legs B. head C. arms D. feet

【解析】选 B。逻辑推理 题。根据后 文谈到的“. . . friend’s head above the surface”可知正确答 案为 B 项。 13. A. madly C. unexpectedly B. calmly D. excitedly

【解析】 选 A。 逻辑推理题。 在此非常危急的情况下, madly 一词能准确表达人物的行为状态, 故 正确答案为 A 项。 14. A. walked C. rushed B. wand ered D. raced

【解析】选 C。逻辑推理题。根据下文可断定林恩夫妇立刻穿越沙滩跳进波浪中。A 项、B 项 都表示“散步、漫步”; D 项表示“赛跑”。故答案为 C 项。 15. A. pulled C. led B. directed D. persuaded

【解析】选 A。词义辨析题。根据当时的情况, 玛丽是要把那位妇女弄到岸上, 而 directed, led,

persuaded 都不符合当时的情况, 该句表示“瑞克游到那位溺水妇女的身旁, 玛丽则快速抓住另 一位妇女并把她拉上海滩。”故正确答案为 A 项。 16. A. attracting C. comforting B. hurting D. sucking

【解析】选 D。词义辨析题。本句意为“沙床边缘非常陡峭, 而下方的激流正往下拖曳着这位 妇女。”suck 意为“吸、吮”, 此处理解为海水在往下冲刷这位妇女, 故正确答案为 D 项。 17. A. look up C. give in B. turn over D. calm down

【解析】选 B。逻辑推理题。根据上文“由于刚刚做完膝盖外科手术”可知这位妇女因为限于身 体条件而无法做出幅度较大的动作, 选项中只有 turn over 是幅度较大的动作; look up 有“查阅、 向上看”之意, 与文意不符; give in 和 calm down 都是心理活动而不是动作。故正确答案为 B。 18. A. taken on C. brought on B. carried on D. held on

【解析】选 D。词义辨析题。根据上文谈到的: 两个妇女中的一个已经支撑不住了, 她的朋友 也处在危险之中, 海浪正吞噬着她, 所以这一句话的意思应该是: 她根本无法“坚持”下去了。 故正确答案为 D 项。 19. A. fighting C. battling B. struggling D. competing

【解析】选 B。逻辑推理题。该句意思是: 她们在拼命挣扎, 没有时间呼喊救命, 故正确答案 为 B 项。 20. A. puzzled B. gone C. looked D. thought

【解析】选 A。词义辨析题。根据上文这条狗感到了她们处于危险之中, 可推断下文意思: 这 条狗竟然感觉到有人遇险, 而玛丽到现在还在“纳闷”这条狗是如何知道的。 puzzle over“对…… 迷惑不解”; go over“复习”; look over“查看”; think over“仔细考虑”。


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