高三英语总复习阅读理解十一篇（五） 一 As an experienced photojournalist in Nashville, Tennessee, I was hired by USA Today newspaper to photograph a spinal bifida (脊柱畸形) corrective surgical procedure. It was to
be performed on a twenty-one week old fetus（胎儿） in uterus（子宫） at Vanderbilt University Medical Center. At that time, in 1999, twenty-one weeks in uterus was the earliest that the surgical team would consider for surgery. The worst possible outcome would be that the surgery would cause premature delivery, and no child born earlier than twenty-three weeks had survived. The tension could be felt in the operating room as the surgery began. A typical C-section incision(切口) was made to access the uterus, which was then lifted out and laid at the junction of the mother's thighs. The entire procedure would take place within the uterus, and no part of the child was to breach the surgical opening. During the procedure, the position of the fetus was adjusted by gently manipulating the outside of the uterus. The entire surgical procedure on the child was completed in one hour and thirteen minutes. When it was over, the surgical team breathed a sigh of relief, as did I. As a doctor asked me what speed of film I was using, out of the corner of my eye I saw the uterus shake, but no one's hands were near it. It was shaking from within. Suddenly, an entire arm thrust out of the opening, then pulled back until just a little hand was showing. The doctor reached over and lifted the hand, which reacted and squeezed the doctor's finger. As if testing for strength, the doctor shook the tiny fist. Samuel held firm. I took the picture! Wow! It happened so fast that the nurse standing next to me asked, "What happened?" "The child reached out," I said. "Oh. They do that all the time," she responded. The surgical opening to the uterus was closed and the uterus was then put back into the mother and the C-section opening was closed. It was ten days before I knew if the picture was even in focus. To ensure no digital manipulation of images before they see them, USA Today requires that film be submitted unprocessed. When the photo editor finally phoned me he said, "It's the most incredible picture I've ever seen." 1. In 1999，people believed that it was ________. A. possible for a fetus 21 weeks born to survive B. likely for a fetus born 21 weeks to become deformed C. right time for a fetus born 21 weeks to receive an operation D. risky for a fetus 21 weeks in uterus to receive an operation 2. From the second paragraph, we can see that the surgery was ______. A. challenging but successful B. demanding and unsuccessful C. simple and short D. long-lasting and difficult 3. The underlined “It” in paragraph 3 refers to ________. A. the shaking of the uterus B. the arm of the fetus C. the taking of the picture D. the head of the fetus 4. What can we learn about the author? A. He was an experienced interviewer. B. He was a wonderful picture editor. C. He was an excellent picture journalist. D. He was a very famous child doctor. 5. From the editor said in the last paragraph, we know the editor was very ______. A. disappointed B. satisfied C. annoyed D. surprised
二 The iPhone has become one of the most popular mobile phones in the United States. An 18-year-o1d student in California has used his knowledge of the device to create his own business,gaining national recognition for his work. Vincent Quigg is the CEO of TechWorld. His company is kind of like a hospital for iPhones,specializing in customizing and repairing iPhones. Vincent Quigg launched TechWorld while in high school.“My mom became single a couple of years ago and I had to grow up. And in order to keep my lifestyle, I had to find different ways to keep my phone, keep a car, transportation and all that stuff So I had to find ways to be entrepreneurial.” An organization cal1ed the Network for Teaching Entrepreneurship. or NFTE, helped the young man get started. His mother, Carla Quigg: “He quit the class, which made me very disappointed.” “It was extremely hard for myself to find a business to start and run with it. But once I had that ?aha moment?or what I knew I wanted to go with, it was really easy and extremely fun.” At the time, Vincent worked for the electronics store BestBuy. He says people always came into the store with broken electronic devices. He decided that repairing those devices was what he wanted to do. He not only re-registered for the NFTE class, but he also won the organization?s national competition for best young entrepreneur. His business has grown through word-of-mouth. Vincent says he now fixes up to l0 phones per week. He earns about $l,500 each month in sales. TechWorld has two other employees. Kacee Wheeler is one of them. He works on the technical side of the business while Vincent Quigg now deals with finances and planning. He says he wants to continue to grow his business. 1. What is Vincent Quigg?s company specialized in? A. Customizing and repairing iPhones. B. Advertising and selling iPhones. C. Helping students set up business. D. Offering people medical advice. 2. What drove Vincent to start his own business? A. His special family education background. B. The need to keep his former way of 1ife. C. The desire to be the CEO of a company. D. The encouragement from another company. 3. Vincent first came up with the idea to start this company while he was working for . A. Techworld. B. NFTE. C. BestBuy. D. Apple. 4. What does the underlined phrase “aha moment” probably mean? A. The moment to celebrate success. B. The moment to comp1ain hardship. C. The moment to have a great idea. D. The moment to have great fun. 5. What can we 1earn from the text? A. Vincent started his own business with the help of his col1ege. B. Vincent?s mother was disappointed by his achievement. C. Vincent promotes his business by large scale advertisements. D. Vincent went through great difficulty in the beginning. 三 Santa Claus is someone who will remain in the hearts of children forever. Santa C1aus also has some other names: Saint Nicholas, St. Nick, Kris Kringle, Pelznickel.Two of his names-Santa Claus and Saint Nicholas-both come from the Dutch who settled in New York long ago. The Dutch honored this kindly saint with a yearly festival on
December sixth. The Dutch spoke the name “ Saint Nikolas ” very fast. It sounded like “sinterklaas”. And so, when the English said this word, it sounded like “Santa Claus”. West of New York, in Pennsylvania, many German farmers had also heard of Saint Nikolas.But they cal1ed him “Pelznickel”. This word came from “pelz”, meaning fur, and “nickel” for Nicholas. So, to the Germans of Pennsylvania， “Pelznickel” was a man dressed in fur who came once a year with gifts for good children. Soon, people began to feel that the 1ove and kindness Pelznickel brought should be part of a celebration honoring the“Christkindl” , as the Germans ca1led the Christ child. After a time, this became Kris Kringle. Later, Kris Kringle became another name for Santa Claus himself. Whatever he is called, he is still the same short, fat, jolly old man with a long beard, wearing a red suit with white fur. The picture of Santa Claus as we see him came from Thomas Nast. He was an American painter born in Bavaria. Someone asked him to paint a picture of Santa Claus. Nast remembered when he was a little boy in southern Germany Every Christmas,a fat old man gave toys and cakes to the children. So, when Nast painted the picture, his Santa Claus looked like the kindly old man of his childhood. And through the years, Nast?s painting has remained as the most popular picture of Santa Claus. Santa can be seen almost everywhere. It is easy to find them by the long lines of children waiting to tell Santa what they want for Christmas. 1. What is the main idea of the text? A. What Santa Claus usually do on Christmas. B. How Santa Claus got his names and image. C. Different countries have different “Santa Clauses”. D. Everyone, especially children, love Santa Claus. 2. Which of the following names came from German? A. Saint Nicholas. B. Santa Claus. C. Pelznickel. D. St. Nick. 3. What did the term “Kris Kringle” originally refer to? A. A German festival. B. Good child. C. Love and kindness. D. A kind of fur. 4. Why did Thomas Nast paint Santa Claus into a fat old man? A. Because a fat old man looks more kindly than others. B. Because nobody was sure about what Santa looked like. C. Because this image had already been the most popular D. Because he had a nice childhood memory of such a man. 5. What can we learn from the text? A. The Dutch used to honor Santa on December 25th. B. “Santa Claus” was a misunderstanding of another term. C. It was the Dutch who created Santa Claus.D. Children line up to take photos with Santa Claus. 四 CNN news-Jan. l6, 2013 Protests have been going on for about a week now in the northern Irish capital of Belfast.They started out peacefully, but some of them turn violent later on. There is a lot of history behind these protests, and it starts with geography What?s interesting is that Northern Ireland is not part of the republic of Ireland. It?s part of the United Kingdom, and that?s what?s behind this tension.Nationalists, mostly Catho1ic, think Northern Ireland should be part of the Republic of Ireland.Unionists or Loyalists, mostly Protestants, wanted to stay part of the United Kingdom. The
conflict between those two groups led to decades of violence, more than 3,000 people were killed before a peace deal was signed in l998. The protests happening now are connected to a decision regarding the British flag. In Belfast, the capital of Northern Ireland, the flag used to fly over City Hall every day of the year.Last month, loca1 officials decided to limit that to 18 days per year.Unionists weren?t happy about that. In some cases protesters have thrown concrete blocks, bricks,even gasoline bombs at police. Officers have responded by using water cannons to break up the protests. Next up, we are heading to the capital of China. Beijing. Experts say that city has something in common with Los Ange1es: smog. This gray haze is hanging in the air, making things hard to see. Yesterday，the numbers indicating smog levels were off the charts. Authorities warn people there to stay inside. Last year nearly 700 flights were cance1ed at Beijing airports because of haze and smog. Officials in China say that the air quality in the capital has gotten better since Beijing hosted the 2008 Olympics, but residents say the pollution levels have gotten worse. 1. What?s behind the tension in Belfast? A. Northern Ireland doesn?t belong to the Republic Ireland. B. Northern Ireland plans to break away from Ireland. C. Northern Ireland intends to become independent. D. Ireland is too complicated a country to be united. 2. Which group of people think Ireland should not be divided into two parts? A. Unionists. B. Nationalists. C. Loyalists. D. Local officials. 3. The direct cause of the protest going on now is that . A. lots of people were killed in decades of violence B. a peace deal was signed between the two groups C. the police used violence to break up the protesters D. British flag won?t appear over City Hall every day 4. According to the news report，what does Beijing have in common with Los Angeles? A.Delayed flights. B. Angry people. C. Smog. D. Hosting Olympics. 5. What does the underlined phrase“off the charts”probably mean? A.Record high. B. Entertaining. C. Confusing. D. Invisible. 五 As many as 20% of all children in the United States suffer from some form of the learning disorder called dyslexia (读写困难症)． Experts on dyslexia say that the problem is not a disease． They say that persons with dyslexia use information in a different way． One of the world's great thinkers and scientists Albert Einstein was dyslexic． Einstein said that he never thought in words the way that most people do． He said that he thought in pictures instead． The American inventor Thomas Edison was also dyslexia． Dyslexia first was recognized in Europe and the United States more than 80 years ago． Many years passed before doctors discovered that persons with the disorder were not mentally slow or disabled． The doctors found that the brains of persons with dyslexia are different, In most people, the left side of the brain — the part that controls language — is larger than the right side． In persons with dyslexia, the right side of the brain is bigger． Doctors are not sure what causes this difference． However, a research has shown that dyslexia is more common in males than in females, and it is found more often in persons who are left-handed． No one' knows the cause of dyslexia, but some scientists believe that it may result from
chemical changes in a baby's body long before it is born． They are trying to find ways to teach persons with dyslexia． Dyslexia persons think differently and need special kinds of teaching help．After they have solved their problems with language, they often show themselves to be especially intelligent or creative． 1．Einstein and Edison are spoken of in the passage to prove that ______ ． A．they suffered from dyslexia B．they succeeded because of dyslexia C．they are neither slow in thinking nor disabled D．dyslexia is not a disease 2．Who is the most unlikely to suffer from dyslexia? A．Left-handed persons． B．Inventors． C．Females D．Males 3．Which of the following is NOT true according to the text? A．Once persons with dyslexia have their language problems solved, they will be intelligent and creative B．The left brain of the person with dyslexia is larger than the right side of brain． C．People have no idea of the cause of dyslexia D．Experts think the cause of dyslexia may be related to chemical changes in baby's body long before its birth． 4．The passage mainly talk about ______ ． A．some form of the learning disorder B．a serious disease C． the intelligence of the great people． D．the teaching help to persons with dyslexia 5．The persons with dyslexia ． A．are some kinds of sick persons B．are mentally slow C．think differently from common people D．are all males 六 Somehow Rey bad managed to struggle free from the rope around his neck, after being left to die a slow death as punishment for being a bad Spanish greyhound． It is believed that 50，000 greyhounds are killed by their owners in Spain each year after they grow too old，or turn out to be too slow to hunt with. Dogs have also been found thrown into wells，burnt alive and even injected with poison． But Rey's intended fate was，even within the levels of cruelty usually shown to Spanish hunting dogs，especially cruel. The rope around his neck had been set at a height so that his front paws could not touch the ground, meaning that he was intended to stand on his back legs until he was too tired to support himself. When his legs finally became too tired to move, the rope should have done its work. “They call it the typewriting death，because the dog's back legs struggled against the ground and make the clicking sound of a typewriter，”said Albert Sorde，of the SOS Calgos greyhound rescue group．“It is a punishment they save for greyhounds that are thought to have made their owners lose face.” “Rey's throat was severely damaged but we managed to find a vet to operate and，though it was expensive，he survived，”he said． Greyhounds in Spain are used for hunting hares. “The dogs are meant to imitate the swerves(转向)of the hares，”said Sorde. “Those who don't，and make their owners look bad，are called “dirty greyhounds” and are most likely to be killed by the typewriter method．” 1． is one of the methods used to kill dogs． A．Kicking B．Burying C．Shooting D．Drowning
2．The underlined word “vet” in Paragraph 6 means “ ”． A．equipment B．ambulance C．animal medicine D．animal doctor 3．What can you infer from the passage? A．The typewriting death is the cruelest of all as it is a slow death． B．Rey is one of the fifty thousand greyhounds killed so far in Spain C．Rey was punished because he had not been loyal to his owner D．It is the Spanish hunters not greyhounds that should be punished． 4．The passage mainly tells the readers about A．the typewriting death of dogs B．the cruel killing of dogs in Spain C．how Spanish dogs hunt hares D．how Rey was saved by rescuers 七 People often said, “Yes, we should teach children these values, but how do we teach them?” This question deserves deliberation(深思熟虑). To begin with, it is by exposing our children to good character and inviting its imitation that we will transmit to them a moral foundation. As Oxford?s Mary Warnock has written, “You cannot teach morality without being committed to morality yourself.” As Education Secretary, I visited a class at Waterbury Elementary School in Vermont, and asked the students, “Is this a good school?” They answered, “Yes, this is a good school.” I asked them, “Why?” One eight-year-old said, “The principal Mr. Riegel, makes good rules and everybody obeys them.” And another added, “You can?t climb on the pipes in the bathroom. We don?t climb on the pipes and the principal doesn?t either.” This example is probably too simple to please a lot of people who want to make the topic of moral education difficult, but there is something profound in it. You can?t expect children to take messages about rules or morality seriously unless they see adults taking those rules seriously in their day-to-day affairs. At the same time, we should also do a better job at curriculum selection. The research shows that most “values education” exercises and courses in “moral reasoning” tend not to affect children?s behavior. Where to turn? I believe our literature and our history are a rich quarry (资源) of moral education. We should mine that quarry. Children should have at their disposal a stock of examples illustrating what we believe to be right and wrong, good and bad. What kind of stories am I talking about? If we want our children to know about honesty, we should teach them about Lincoln walking three miles to return six cents. If we want them to know about courage, we should teach them about Horatius at the bridge. If we want them to know about persistence in the face of adversity, they should know about the voyages of Columbus. As any parent knows, teaching character is a difficult task. But it is a crucial task, because we want our children to be not only healthy, happy, and successful but decent, strong, and good. None of this happens automatically; there is no genetic transmission of virtue. It takes the conscious, committed efforts of adults. It takes careful attention. 1. What?s the main purpose of this passage? A. To call on American students to learn more about their country?s literature and history. B. To ask schools to do a thorough reform on their curriculum. C. To give suggestions on how to teach children values. D. To prove that character building of children is a difficult process. 2. Which of the following educating methods is the writer probably in favor of?
A. Parents keep reminding children to obey rules of morality. B. Teachers tell interesting stories or jokes in class to arouse students? attention. C. Schools offer a more diversified curriculum. D. Literature and history, when used properly, can contribute to education of morality. 3. What does the underlined sentence mean? A. There?s more than one factor which affects the formation of our virtues. B. Children tend to have similar qualities as their parents do for biological reasons. C. Only through hard and consistent work can parents expect their child to be a man of virtue. D. We should take our genes into consideration before teaching children values. 八 For several days I saw little of Mr. Rochester. In the morning he seemed very busy with business， and in the afternoon gentlemen from the neighborhood called and sometimes stayed to dine with him. When his foot was well enough，he rode out a great deal. During this time，all my knowledge of him was limited to occasional meetings about the house， when he would sometimes pass me coldly， and sometimes bow and smile. His changes of manner did not offend (冒犯) me，because I saw that I had nothing to do with the cause of them. One evening，several days later，I was invited to talk to Mr.Rochester after dinner. He was sitting in his armchair， and looked not quite so severe， and much less gloomy， There was a smile on his lips， and his eyes were bright， probably with wine. As I was looking at him， he suddenly turned，and asked me，“Do you think I am handsome，Miss Eyre? The answer somehow slipped from my tongue before I realized it: “No，sir.” “Ah， you really are unusual! You are a quiet，serious little person， but you can be almost rude.” “Sir， I'm sorry. I should have said that beauty doesn't matter，or something like that，” “No， you shouldn't! I see， you criticize my appearance， and then you stab (刺) me in the back! You have honesty and feeling. There are not many girls like you. But perhaps I go too fast. Perhaps you have awful faults to counterbalance (抵消) your few good points. I thought to myself that he might have too. He seemed to read my mind，and said quickly， “Yes， you're right. I have plenty of faults. I went the wrong way when I was twenty-one， and have never found the right path gain. I might have been very different. I might have been as good as you， and perhaps wiser. I am not a bad man， take my word for it， but I have done wrong. It wasn't my character，but circumstances which were to blame. Why do I tell you all this? Because you're the sort of person people tell their problems and secrets to，because you're sympathetic and give them hope.” It seemed he had quite a lot to talk to me. He didn't seem to like to finish the talk quickly，as was the case for the first time. “Don't be afraid of me，Miss. Eyre，”He continued. “You don't relax or laugh very much， perhaps because of the effect Lowood school has had on you. But in time you will be more natural with me，and laugh，and speak freely. You're like a bird in a cage. When you get out of the cage， you'll fly very high. Good night.” 1. At the beginning Miss Eyre's impressions of Mr. Rochester were all except A. busy B. sociable C. dull D. changeable 2. The word “about” in the underlined sentence means . A. around B. on C. in front of D. concerning
3. From what Mr. Rochester told Miss Eyre，we can conclude that he wanted to . A. tell her all his troubles B. tell her his life experience C. blame her for misunderstanding him D. change his circumstances 4. At the end of the passage，Mr Rochester sounded . A. rude B. cold C. polite D. Encouraging 九 Many teenagers feel that the most important people in their lives are their friends．They believe that their family members don?t know them as well as their friends do．In large families, it is quite often for brothers and sisters to fight with each other and then they go to their friends for some ideas. It is very important for teenagers to have one good friend or a group of friends．Even when they are not with their friends, they usually spend a lot of time talking among themselves on the phone．This communication is very important in children?s growing up, because friends can talk about something, and these things are difficult to say to their family members. However, parents often try to choose friends for their children．Some parents may even stop their children from meeting their good friends．Have you ever thought of the following questions? Who choose your friends? Do you choose your friends or your friends choose you? Have you got a good friend your parents don?t like? Your answers are welcome. 1．Many teenagers think that can understand them better. A．friends B．brothers C．sisters D．parents 2．When teenagers have something difficult to say, they usually . A．stay alone at home B．fight with their parents C．talk about it with their friends D．go to their brothers and sisters for help 3．The underlined sentence “Your answers are welcome.” means . A．you are welcome to discuss the questions with us B．we?ve got no idea, so your answers are welcome C．your answers are always right D．you can give us all the right answers 4．Which of the following is the writer?s attitude? A．Parents should choose friends for their children． B．Children should choose everything they like. C．Parents should understand their children better. D．Teenagers should only go to their friends for help. 十 Learning English is one of the few things I have been doing consistently over the past 16 years． Like most Chinese students, I started learning English because it was a compulsory (必修的) course in my middle school．More importantly, English was a central subject for the college entrance exam. At that time, studying English was not a pleasant experience for me．There was no fun in the process of learning．The focus of our English education was getting a good mark in exams．And nobody told me that the real meaning of studying mother language was communication. When I became a university student, I spent nearly half of my time on English．In fact , more than 90 percent of the job offer ads in Shanghai list “ proficiency (精通) as a main requirement. How did I improve my English? People told me that TOEFL was very helpful and useful． As a
result, I took a TOEFL training course and studied like mad．After six months? preparation, I took part in the exam and got a high score．Later on, I had a chance to further my study in Britain．I soon discovered that all of my past English learning had been futile (没用的)．When I first went shopping in a local supermarket, I really could not understand what the cashier was saying at all. It was then that I realized I had totally missed the point．Instead of just passing exams, the main function of learning English or any other language is communication．What is more, language does not exist independent of culture．Hence, mechanical memorization helps very little in communication． That?s why I was still unable to freely express myself after learning English for many years． By no means am I talented in any foreign language． I am still learning English． Why? First and foremost, my job requires me to use English everyday．Secondly, English helps me to have access to more information．Thirdly, as a bookworm, English gives me a chance to dive into the huge pool of inspiring English books．Last but not least, it is such a great experience to write in another language．Indeed, English has become part of my life． 1．How did the writer find English when he was a student? A．He was interested in it. B． He studied it because it was a compulsory course． C．He thought it funny to study English. D．He often recited something when he studied English. 2．What is the purpose of studying English according to the writer?s idea? A．To get high marks in exams B．To prove that English is very important. C．Studying English well can help you get a good job. D．To use English for communication with others. 3．According to the text, how is “my” English? A．I am good at English. B． I can speak English like natives. C． I can master it but I can?t use it correctly. D． I continued to study English at university. 4．How can we master English well? A．We need more mechanical memorization. B．We should read and recite more books. C．We should study English as well as its culture and use it more. D．We can study hard in classrooms and houses and get high marks in exams. 十一 In our culture, the sources of what we call a sense of “mastery” — feeling important and worthwhile — and the sources of what we call a sense of “pleasure”— finding life enjoyable — are not always the same．Women often are told “You can?t have it all.” Sometimes what the speaker really is saying is: “You choose a career, so you can?t expect to have closer relationships or a happy family life.” or “You have a wonderful husband and children — what?s all this about wanting a career?” But women need to understand and develop both aspects of well-being, if they are to feel good about themselves. Our study shows that, for women, well-being has two aspects．One is mastery, which includes self-respect, a sense of control over your life, and low levels of anxiety and depression． Mastery is closely related to the “doing” side of life, to work and activity．Pleasure is the other aspect, and it is made up of happiness, satisfaction and optimism．It is tied more closely to the “feeling” side of life．The two are independent of each other．A woman could be high in mastery and low in pleasure, and vice versa（反之亦然） ．For example, a woman who has a good job, but whose mother has just died, might be feeling very good about herself and in control of her work life, but the pleasure side could be damaged for a time.
The concepts of mastery and pleasure can help us identify the sources of well-being for women, and correct past mistakes．In the past, women were encouraged to look only at the feeling side of life as the source of all well-being．But we know that both mastery and pleasure are important． And mastery seems to be achieved largely through work． In our study, all the groups of employed women were valued significantly higher in mastery than women who were not employed. A woman?s well-being is developed when she takes on multiple roles．At least by middle adulthood, the women who were involved in a combination of roles — marriages, motherhood, and employment — were the highest in well-being, in spite of warnings about stress and strain. 1．It can be inferred from the first paragraph that ________. A．for women, a sense of “mastery” is more important than a sense of “pleasure” B．for women, a sense of “pleasure” is more important than a sense of “mastery” C．women can?t have a sense of “mastery” and a sense of “pleasure” at the same time D．a sense of “mastery” and a sense of “pleasure” are both necessary to women 2．The author?s attitude towards women having a career is________. A．Negative B．Positive C．Indifferent D．realistic 3．One can conclude from the passage that if a woman takes on several social roles, ________. A．it will be easier for her to overcome stress and strain B．she will be more successful in her career C．her chances of getting promoted will be greater D．her life will be richer and more meaningful 4．Which of the following can be considered as a source of “pleasure” for women? A．Family life B．Multiple roles in society C．Regular employment D．Freedom from anxiety
一 1-5 DACCB 四 1-5 ABDCA 八 1-4 CABD
二 1-5 ABCCD 五 1—5 DCBAC 九 1-4 ACAC
三 1-5 BCBDB 六 1-4 DDAB 十 1-4 BDCC 七 1-3CDC 十一 1-4DBDA