黑龙江省哈三中 2014 届上学期高三年级第三次验收考试 英 语 试 卷
第 I 卷 (选择题，共 115 分) 第一部分 听力(共两节，满分 30 分) 第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 21. Many Internet
users make _____ most of the half-price promotion and it is _____ good opportunity for online shopkeepers to get their names known. A. a; the B. /; the C. the; / D. the; a 22. It puzzles the scientists _____ some mammals produce their young _____ others lay eggs. A. that; while B. what; while C. that; as D. what; as 23. With the final exams coming, Mark, the top student in our class, is not worried about Chinese, and _________ English. A. still more B. at least C. least of all D. better than 24. The retired professor, _____ in his new book in the past three years, hasn’t realized the decline in his health. A. involved B. being involved C. having involved D. to be involved 25. ---Is everything settled? ---Not yet. _____ I approached the problem, I couldn’t find a solution. A. Whatever B. However C. Whenever D. Wherever 26. Professor Smith will come here to give a speech. All the preparations must be _____ before 5 o’clock. A. in time B. in sight C. in place D. in control 27. Most Australians actually don’t seem to do much sport. _____, Australia is generally considered to be a great sporting nation. A. Though B. Still C. Otherwise D. Thus 28. To his disappointment, not a single gift _____ on his birthday. A. he received B. had he received C. did he receive D. received he 29. After a talk with his mother, the little boy has seen to _____ that the same mistake doesn’t happen again. A. one B. it C. him D. himself 30. --- I can’t go for a picnic with you because something urgent has _____. ---What a shame! A. come up B. cleared up C. stayed up D. ended up 31. Just imagine performing such an opera as Turandot in the Forbidden City---there _____ be a better setting! A. mustn’t B. shouldn’t C. couldn’t D. needn’t 32. A strange girl entered the room and told me a story of her own, _____ I suspected the truth. A. that B. which C. of which D. at which 33. ---I had practiced my spoken English, but still failed in the oral test. ---Don’t be discouraged. _____ and you will surely pass it. A. Make a bit more effort B. To make a bit more C. Making a bit more effort D. If you make a bit more effort st 34. The first decade of the 21 century _____ the breathtaking and non-stop development of China. A. witnesses B. witnessed C. will witness D. had witnessed 35. ---Currently it is difficult to find a good job in the fierce job-hunting market. ---_____. But highly-qualified graduates are always in great demand. A. I hope so B. That’s all right C. No kidding D. That sounds reasonable 第二节 完型填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分）
阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中，选出可以填入空白处的 最佳选项。 Sometimes a part of us must die before another part can come to life. Even though this is a 36 and necessary stage of our growth, it is often painful or 37 if we don’t realize what’s happening. In fact, confusion is often the 38 that tells us a change is taking place within us. These changes happen throughout the lives of all humans, as we move from babyhood to 39 to teenage years and beyond. With each change from one 40 to another, we find ourselves 41 goodbye to an old friend, the identity (个性，身份) that we 42 in order to move through that particular time. Sometimes we shape these identities in relationships or jobs, and when we change, those areas of our life become 43 . Usually, if we take the time to look into the changing surface of things, we will find that a change is taking place 44 us. For example, we may go through one whole part of our lives creating a protective shell around ourselves 45 we need it in defense of ourselves. One day, 46 , we may find ourselves feeling limited and bored, wanting to move outside the 47 we used to need; the new part of ourselves cannot be born within the 48 of the shell our old self needed. We may feel a strange 49 of excitement and sadness as we say goodbye to a part of ourselves that is 50 and make way for a whole new identity to 51 in its place. We may find inspiration in working and studying when we think of the image of an animal who sheds ( 蜕 毛；蜕皮) in order to 52 way for new skin, fur, or feathers to 53 . For example, keeping a piece of snake skin, or some other symbols of change, can 54 us that death and rebirth are simply nature’s way of growing. We can give in to this process, letting go of our past self with great love and gratitude, and 55 the new with an open mind and heart, ready for our next stage of life. 36. A. natural B. dusty C. humorous D. rare 37. A. moving B. confusing C. tiring D. scared 38. A. report B. notice C. sign D. idea 39. A. brotherhood B. neighborhood C. adulthood D. childhood 40. A. animal B. people C. school D. stage 41. A. saying B. speaking C. telling D. reading 42. A. showed B. left C. shaped D. realized 43. A. influenced B. remained C. defended D. directed 44. A. of B. within C. for D. between 45. A. although B. while C. until D. because 46. A. moreover B. therefore C. however D. so 47. A. area B. shelter C. room D. space 48. A. limits B. contents C. connection D. requirement 49. A. influence B. mixture C. appearance D. relation 50. A. dying B. coming C. escaping D. running 51. A. come back B. come down C. come out D. come across 52. A. become B. reach C. name D. make 53. A. appear B. disappear C. go D. exist 54. A. convince B. remind C. warn D. tell 55. A. hoping B. imaging C. welcoming D. supplying 第三部分 阅读理解（共两节; 满分 40 分） 第一节 (共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项。 A Last Sunday I made a visit to some new neighbors down the block. No specific in mind, just an
opportunity to sit at the kitchen table, have some tea and chat. As I did so, it occurred to me how rare the Sunday visit has become. When I was a kid in New Jersey of the 1960s, Sunday visits were routine. Most stores were closed, almost nobody worked, and the highways, as a result, were not desperate steeplechases( 障 碍赛跑) they have become today. My family normally traveled eight city blocks to the home of my grandmother, where adults would sit on the front porch and chat while we children played hide-and-seek. The Sunday visit was something to desire strongly. It was the repetition to church, our reward for an hour of devotion, an opportunity to take advantage of the fact that Dad was not at work, we were not in school, and there was no housework that couldn’t wait until Monday. Sunday was, indeed, different from the other days of the week, because everyone seemed to be on the same schedule, which means that there was one day when everyone seemed to have time for everybody else. Sunday as a day of rest is, or was, so deeply rooted in the culture that it’s surprising to find that, in a short span of time, it has almost entirely lost this association. In my childhood, it was assumed that everyone would either be home or visiting someone else’s home on Sunday. But now the question is, “What do you plan to DO this Sunday?” The answer can range from going to the mall, to participating in a road race, to Montreal for lunch. If one were to respond, “I’m making a Sunday visit to family,” such an answer would feel strange, which sounds like an echo from another era. I suppose I should be grateful to live in Maine, a state of small towns, abundant land and tight relationships. Even though folks work as hard here as they do anywhere else, the state’s powerfully rural feature still keeps at least remnants(残余部分) of the moral of yesterday’s America, where people had to depend on one another in the face of economic vagaries( 反复无常的情况) and a challenging environment. 56. The writer’s general impression of the Sunday in the past was a day when＿＿. A. everyone was paying a visit to some relatives far away B. everyone seemed to be free for others C. Dad was not at work while Mom was busy cleaning the house D. nearly every adult would go to church and children weren’t at school 57. In the fourth paragraph, the writer compares the response “I’m making a Sunday visit to family” to an echo from another era because_____. A. people nowadays prefer staying at home on Sunday B. such answers are rarely heard in our modern society C. people in the city dislike being disturbed on Sunday D. visiting someone on Sunday was routine in the past 58. From the last paragraph we may infer that_____. A. people in Maine suffer more from economic depression and the changed environment B. people in Maine have abandoned their tradition and lived an absolutely new life C. land in Maine is short, thus the relationship between people is tense D. people in Maine tend to help each other out of necessity 59. What’s the main idea of the passage? A. Doing many activities on Sunday is beneficial. B. We should often travel a long distance to visit some friends and relatives. C. Nowadays, Sunday has almost lost its association as a day of rest. D. We should abandon some old tradition. B People who averaged fewer than seven hours of sleep per night in the weeks before being exposed to the cold virus were nearly three times as likely to get sick as those who averaged eight hours or more, a new study found. Researchers used frequent telephone interviews to track the sleep habits of more than 150 men and women aged 21 to 55 over the last few weeks. Then they exposed the subjects to the virus, quarantined (检疫隔离) them for five days and kept track of who got sick.
Besides sleeping more, sleeping better also seemed to help the body fight illness: Patients who fared better on a measure known as “sleep efficiency”—the percentage of time in bed that you’re actually sleeping—were also less likely to get sick. The results held true even after researchers adjusted for elements such as body-mass index, age, sex, smoking and pre-existing antibodies (抗体) to the virus. The researchers aren’t exactly sure why sleeping better makes you less likely to develop a cold. But they do try to give an answer: “Sleep disturbance influences the regulation of symptom mediators (调节因子) that are released in response to infection.” In plain English, maybe tossing and turning when you’re infected with the cold virus contributes to the symptoms that define a cold. The researchers were based at Carnegie Mellon, the University of Pittsburgh and the University of Virginia, and the study was funded by the National Institutes of Health. 60. According to the passage, what does the underlined word “subjects” mean in paragraph 2? A. areas of knowledge in a school B. people being studied in an experiment C. research topics D. animals being tested 61. It is shown in the passage that _______. A. the researchers obtain information about the sleep habits by frequent interviews B. the researchers do their research in the National Institutes of Health C. people hope to avoid being infected with a cold by sleeping as much as possible D. sleeping more and better helps regulate the symptom mediators 62. What’s the best title of the passage? A. The Relationship Between Virus and Cold B. How to Sleep Well C. Good Sleep Helps Fight a Cold D. The More the Sleep, the Better Your Body C The Happiest Cities On Earth If you’re looking for a cheery destination for your next vacation, consider these four spots and get ready to take notes on how to really live the good life. Singapore With one of the highest population densities （密度） in the world and residents known for being workaholics, it’s hard to imagine the city-state of Singapore having one of the happiest populations on earth. And yet in a recent survey, 95% of them said they were either very happy or quite happy. They give their city high marks for cleanliness and safety—subways are pristine (洁净的) and unfailingly arrive on time, and police are seen as helpful and good at their jobs. What’s more, they feel they can count on their neighbours—all 5.1 million of them. Arhus, Denmark The residents of Arhus cheerfully part with 68% of their income in taxes, knowing that in return they will be guaranteed free healthcare, free daycare, and a top-notch (第一流的) education for their children. An energetic city of 300,000 with a lively cultural scene and a diverse number of religions represented, the sense of equality (the range in incomes is narrow), as well as easy access to the nearby sea and surrounding countryside, make Arhus seem more like a small town. San Luis Obispo, CA According to a 2008 Gallup-Healthways study, people who live in San Luis Obispo are more likely than residents of other U.S. cities to smile and experience joy and are less likely to experience pain or depression. About 64,000 of the 260,000 people in the greater metropolitan area (都市区), located halfway between Los Angeles and San Francisco, volunteer at over 11,000 non-profit organizations. Few journeys to work are longer than 10 minutes (one reason its members rank in the upper third for job satisfaction), so “it’s easy to be involved,” resident Pierre Rademaker said. Business signs are unobtrusive (不显眼的) by law, fewer than 11% of residents smoke—the lower rate in the
U.S.—there are lots of bike lanes, and the city’s plaza draws crowds of people for free concerts on summer Fridays. What’s not to love? Monterrey, Mexico The people of Monterrey don’t enjoy high household incomes or access to good healthcare. Instead, there’s a profound sense of gratitude for the new political freedom enjoyed since the oppressive Institutional Revolutionary Party lost power in 2000—the first time in nearly a century—as well as an emphasis on social life over work. Another reason Monterrey residents may be so happy is their faith in God and family, and their ability to tough it out through bad times. “We laugh at sickness, poverty and even death,” says Basanez, a political scientist who lives in Monterrey. “We even have a holiday to celebrate death. November 2, the Day of the Dead, is one of the biggest holidays of the year.” 63. According to the passage, what do the residents in the four cities have in common? A. All the residents can make great fortunes by working hard. B. The residents there are mostly educators. C. All the residents enjoy enough material wealth. D. The majority of the residents are satisfied with their current life. 64. According to the passage, we can infer that _______. A. the people of Singapore expect their neighbours to come to their help when necessary B. the people of Monterrey even observe one’s death on a special day of a year C. the residents of Arhus happily pay 68% of their income for their children’s education fee D. the people who live in San Luis Obispo have job satisfaction because they can enjoy good working conditions 65. According to the passage which of the following statements is NOT TRUE? A. The people of Monterrey didn’t enjoy political freedom until 2000. B. The residents in Singapore feel happy because of its low population density. C. The people of San Luis Obispo can enjoy free concerts in summer. D. Arhus is handy to the seaside and countryside. 66. What can we learn from the underlined part “the sense of equality”? A. The residents of Arhus have no racial discrimination. B. Arhus is considered as a family sharing everything with each other. C. There is no wide gap between the rich and the poor in Arhus. D. The residents of Arhus can depend on their neighbours to help. D There are various aspects that go into making a successful school, and success can be measured in various ways. Often, the teachers are praised for a school’s success and blamed for its failure. Yet, in order for a school to be effective, it must be a place where teaching and learning can easily take place, and that requires the hard work of more than just educators. Students must take learning into their own hands and feel as if what they are doing is as important as it actually is. This can only be done with the cooperation of every adult that is involved in the students’ life. Some of these individuals often go unnoticed, yet the role they play in the students’ lives is immeasurable. In the school, administrative assistants greet students at the start of the day and answer a large quantity of questions. When an assistant remembers a stud ent’s name or even something special about that student, it communicates to him that he is cared for. The assistant can also give that extra encouragement for a student to make better choices, especially when they are visiting the principal’s office. Meanwhile, though cafeteria workers have a short space of time to interact with students, they can make a big difference as well. Beyond meeting nutritional needs, cafeteria workers may also on occasion meet the emotional needs of the students they serve. Students benefit from positive interaction with adults, and cafeteria workers may give that extra bit of encouragement that a child needs. Custodians (管理员) are usually underappreciated for what they offer to schools. They have to
be knowledgeable about everything from cleaning to fixing the most intricate (复杂的) tools. They get to school early in the morning before teachers arrive and lock up late at night after the last student has left from the after-school event. They also make sure teachers are equipped with the necessary items and prepare the rooms so that they are ready for learning. A great custodian also gives that kind word or extra smile to that student who needs it most. 67. The purpose of the passage is to _______. A. emphasize the role teachers play in a school B. highlight the contributions of other staff at school besides teachers. C. tell us who make the greatest contributions to a school D. explain what contributes to the success of a student 68. If an assistant remembers a student’s name, the student will feel that _________. A. he is paid particular attention to B. he is special C. he has done something wrong D. he has made progress in study 69. Which of the following is TRUE about cafeteria workers? A. It’s enough for them to cook for the students. B. It’s hard for them to interact with the students. C. They have the most interaction with students at school. D. They can also meet the emotional needs of the students. 70. How does the author feel about the staff mentioned in the text? A. Disappointed. B. Dissatisfied. C. Appreciative. D. Doubtful. 第二节 (共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余 选项。 As we get older, most of us worry about grey hair, wrinkles and maintaining a youthful body. 71 Here, Mr. Rubin, a voice expert, reveals how to keep your voice youthful. Drink more fluid and avoid spicy food You need water for the vocal cords(声带) to vibrate well. The body must keep absorbing enough water to make the vocal cords operate well. Drinking 1.5 liters of water a day at intervals of 15 minutes is very important. 72 Rest the throat and talk regularly The vocal cords can be scarred if you use your voice during a bad cough. If you have a case of laryngitis(喉炎) with a cold, you should rest your voice for a day or two, and seek medical advice. Simply staying sociable and using your voice is very important. “As older people have less mobile, they can become socially isolated and speak less,” says Mr. Rubin. “The el derly need to communicate with people more. 73 ” 74 Good posture is essential to keeping the voice young, so we’d better stand properly. Exercise helps you take deeper breaths as it means there is better airflow through the voice box, producing a stronger tone. Sing in the shower This is one of the best ways to preserve your voice, as it keeps the larynx muscles strong while the steam lubricates the voice box. “ 75 ” says Mr. Rubin. Joining a choir is one of the best ways to preserve a youthful tone. A. Improve your posture B. By using the vocal cords, they enable the ageing process to slow down. C. But people often don’t realize the voice needs looking after. D. The Voice of Young Science programme encourages early career researchers to play an active role in public debates about science. E. Singing is to the voice what gymnastics are to human beings. F. Using the vocal cords regularly will definitely age our voice more quickly. G. Mr. Rubin advises avoiding foods with an annoying effect on the stomach, such as onions, chili, fizzy drinks and chocolate.
第 II 卷（非选择题，共 35 分） 注意事项：将答案写在答题卡上，写在本试卷上无效。 第四部分：写作（共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题; 每小题 1 分, 满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共 有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。每处错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加: 在缺词处加一个漏字符号（∧）, 并在其下写出该加的词。 删除: 把多余的词用斜线（\）划掉。 修改: 在错的词下划一横线, 并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意: 1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处, 多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 As is known, that it is interesting to teach children to swim while they are still babies. Most large town in Florida and California have already run particularly lessons for babies. The idea has quickly spread to Europe which, in several countries, special courses were now offered to children who are from 7 to 24 months old. The first step is to have child get rid of the fear with water. Next, he is teaching to float in water. Once he can do that naturally and can swim with fear, the child can master the technique and push him forward through water. 第二节 书面表达（满分 25 分） 假设你是张林， 你班来自英国的交流学生 John 因病住院已两周， 请你用英文给他写封信， 主要内容包括： 1. 询问病情，表示关切； 2. 介绍班级近期活动，学习等情况； 3. 表达祝愿。 注意：1.词数 100 左右； 2.可以适当增加细节，以使行文连贯； 3.信的格式已给出，不计入总词数。 Dear John, ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ Yours, Zhang Lin
黑龙江省哈三中 2014 届上学期高三年级第三次验收考试 英 语 试 题 答 案
单选：21-25 DACAB 26-30 CBCBA 31-35CCABC 完型：36-40 ABCDD 41-45 ACABD 46-50 CBABA 51-55 CDABC 阅读：56-59BBDC 60-62 BDC 63-66 DABC 67-70BADC 七选五：71-75 CGBAE 改错： 第一句：去掉 that 第二句：towns 第三句：particular 第四句：which 改成 where 第五句：were 改成 are 第六句：have 与 child 之间加 a 第七句：with water 改成 of water 第八句：taught 第九句：without 第十句：himself 参考范文： Dear John, How are you getting along these days? It’s two weeks since you went to hospital. And we’re informed that you are diagnosed with a severe disease and have to be in hospital for a period of time. We are concerned about your health and miss you much. The students are engaged in reviewing lessons. We’ve had an exam and the majority of us have made progress steadily. Surrounded by an academic atmosphere, we encourage each other and spare no effort. Don’t worry about your studies, we assure you that we’ll help you to make up for the lessons you missed. Cheer up! We are convinced and confident that you can overcome the disease and be with us soon. We are waiting for your backward! Best wishes! Yours Zhang Lin