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必修 3 unit1
Festivals and celebrations Festivals and celebrations of all kinds have been held everywhere since ancient times.Most ancient festivals would celebrate the end of cold weather

,planting in spring and harvest in autumn.Sometimes celebratewould be held after hunters had caught animals.At that time people would starve if food was difficult to find,especially during the cold winter months.Today’s festivals have many origins ,some religious,some seasonal, and some for special people or events. Festivals of the Dead Some festivals are held to honour the dead or to satisfy the ancestors,who might
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return either to help or to do harm.For the Japanese festival.Obon,people should go to clean graves and light incense in memory of their ancestors.They also light lamps and play music because they think that this will lead the ancestors back to earth.In Mexico,people celebrate the Day of the Dead in early November.On this impoutant feast day,people eat food in the shape of skulls and cakes with”bones”on them.They offer food,flowers and gifts to the dead.The Western holiday Halloween also had its origin in old beliefs about the return of the spirits of dead people. It is now a children’s festival,when they can dress up and to to their neighbours’homes to ask for sweets.Ifthe neighbours do not give any sweets,the children might play a trick on them. Festivals to Honour People
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Festivals can also be held to honour famous people .The Dragon Boat Festival in China honours the famous ancient poet,Qu Yuan.In the USA Columbus Day is in memory of the arrival of Christopher Columbus in New World.India has a national festival on October 2 to honour Mohandas Gandhi,the leader who helped gain India’s independence from Britain. Harvest Festivals Harvest and Thanksgiving festivals can be very happy events.People are grateful because their food is gathered for the winter and the agricultural work is over.In European countries,people will usually decorate churches and town halls with flowers and fruit,and will get together to have meals.Some people might win
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awards for their farm produce,like the biggest watermelon or the most handsome rooster.China and Japan have mid-autumn festivals,when people admire the moon and in China,enjoy mooncakes. Spring Festivals The most energetic and important festivals are the ones that look forward to the end of winter and to the coming of spring.At the Spring Festival in China,people eat dumplings,fish and meat and may give children lucky money in red paper.There are dragon dances and carnivals,and families celebrate the Lunar New Year together.Some Western countries have very exciting carnivals,which take place forty days before Easter,usually in February.These carnivals might include parades,dancing in
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the streets day and night,loud music and colourful clothing of all kinds.Easter is an important religious and social festival for Christians aroud the world.It celebrates the return of Jesus from the dead and the coming of spring and new life.Japan’s Cherry Blossom Festival happens a little later.The country, covered with cherry tree flowers, looks as thought it is covered with pink snow. People love to get together to eat , drink and have fun with each other.Festivals let us enjoy life,be proud of our customs and forget our work for a little while

A SAD LOVE STORY Li Fang was heart-broken.It was

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Valentine’s Day and Hu Jin had said she would meet him at the coffee shop after work. But she didn’t turn up. She could be with her friends right now laughing at him.She said she would be there at seven o’clock, and he thought she would keep her word. He had looked forward to meeting her all day, and now he was alone with his roses and chocolates, like a fool. Well, he was not going to hold his breath for her to apologize. He would drown his sadness in coffee. It was obvious that the manager of the coffee shop was waiting for Li Fang to leave-he wiped the tables, then sat down and turned on the TV-just what Li Fang needed! A sad Chinese story about lost love. The granddaughter of the Goddess of
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Heaven visted the earth. Her name was Zhinü,the weaving girl. While she was on earth she met the herd boy Niulang and they fell in love.(“Just like me and Hu Jin,”thought Li Fang.)They got married secretly, and they were very happy.(“We could be like that,”thought Li Fang.)When the Goddess of Heaven knew that her granddaughter was married to a human, she became very angry and made the weaving girl return to Heaven.Niulang tried to follow her, but the river of stars,the Milly Way, stopped him.Finding that Zhinü was heart-broken, her grandmother finally decided to let the couple cross the Milky Way to meet once a year. Magpies make a bridge of their wings so the couple can cross the river to meet on the seventh day of the seventh lunar month. People in China hope that the weather will be fine on that day,
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because if it is raining, it means that Zhinü is weeping and the couple won’t be able to meet. The announcer said,”This is the story of Qiqiao Festival.When foreigners hear about the story, they call it a Chinese Valentine’s story.It’s a fine day today, so I hope you can all meet the one you love.” As Li Fang set off for home, he thought,”I guess Hu Jin doesn’t love me .I’ll just throw these flowers and chocolates away. I don’t want them to remind me of her.” So he did. As he sadly passed the tea shop on the corner on his way home, he heard a voice calling him. There was Hu Jin waving at him and calling , “why are you so late?I’ve been waiting for you for a long time!And I
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have a gift for you!” What would he do? He had thrown away her Valentine gifts!She would never forgive him. This would not be a happy Valentine’s Day!

必修 3 UNIT2 COME AND EAT HERE (1) Wang Peng sat in his empty restaurant feeling very frustrated. It had been a very strange morning. Usually he got up early and prepared his menu of barbecued mutton kebabs, roast pork, stir-flied vegetables and fried rice. Then by lunchtime they would all be sold. By now his restaurant ought to be full of people. But not today! Why was
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that? What could have happened? He thought of his mutton, beef and bacon cooked in the hottest, finest oil. His cola was sugary and cold, and his ice cream was made of milk, cream and delicious fruit. "Nothing could be better," he thought. Suddenly he saw his friend Li Chang hurrying by. "Hello, Lao Li," he called. "Your usual?" But Li Chang seemed not to hear. What was the matter? Something terrible must have happened if Li Chang was not coming to eat in his restaurant as he always did. Wang Peng followed Li Chang into a new small restaurant. He saw a sign in the window. Tired of all that fat? Want to lose weight? Come inside Yong Hui’s slimming restaurant. Only slimming foods served here.
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Make yourself thin again! Curiosity drove Wang Peng inside. It was full of people. The hostess, a very thin lady, came forward. "Welcome," she said. "My name is Yong Hui. I'll help you lose weight and be fit in two weeks if you eat here every day." Then she gave a menu to Wang Peng. There were few choices of food and drink on it: just rice, raw vegetables served in vinegar, fruit and water. Wang Peng was amazed at this and especially at the prices. It cost more than a good meal in his restaurant! He could not believe his eyes. He threw down the menu and hurried outside. On his way home he thought about his own menu. Did it make people fat? Perhaps he should go to the library and find out. He could not have Yong Hui getting away with telling people lies! He had better do some research!
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At the library Wang Peng was surprised to find that his restaurant served far too much fat and Yong Hui’s far too little. Even though her customers might get thin after eating Yong Hui’s food, they were not eating enough energy-giving food to keep them fit. They would become tired very quickly. Wang Peng felt more hopeful as he drove back home. Perhaps with a discount and a new sign he could win his customers back. So he wrote: Want to feel fit and energetic? Come and eat here! Discounts today! Our food gives you energy all day! The competition between the two restaurants was on! 到这里来用餐吧(1) 王鹏做在他那空荡荡的餐馆里,感 到很沮丧。这个上午真是怪的很。通常
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他很早就起床,准备他的菜肴—烤羊肉 串、烤猪肉、炒菜和炒饭。然后到午饭 时分,这些菜都会卖完。到了这个时候, 他的餐馆本该宾客盈门的,但今天却不 是!为什么会这样?发生了什么事?他 想起了他用滚烫的精制油烹制的羊肉 串、牛排和腊肉。他的可乐又甜又冷, 冰激凌用牛奶、奶油和水果制成的。他 想: “再没有比这些更好吃的了” 。突然 间,他看到自己的朋友李昌匆匆地走过。 他喊道, “喂,老李!你还是吃老一套的 吧?”可是李昌似乎没有听到。怎么会 事呢?要是李昌不像往常那样到他店里 吃饭,那问题一定严重了。 王鹏跟着李昌来到街尾一家新开张 的小餐馆。窗子上的标牌写着这样一些 字: “肥腻的东西吃厌了吧!想变瘦吗? 请到雍慧减肥餐馆来。此地只供应减肥 食品,让你恢复苗条! ”

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王鹏受到好奇心的驱使,走了进去。 里面坐满了人。店老板,一个清瘦的女 人走上前来说道: “欢迎光临! 我叫雍慧。 您要是每天来这儿用餐,我可以保证在 两周内去掉您的全部脂肪, ”然后,她递 给王鹏一张菜谱,菜谱上有很少几样食 物和饮料:米饭、蘸醋吃的生蔬菜、水 果和水。王鹏对此感到吃惊,特别是对 它们的价格。这比在他的餐馆里吃一顿 好饭花的钱还要多。他几乎不能相信他 的眼睛!他甩了菜谱就急急往外走。在 回家的路上,他想起了自己的菜谱。那 些菜让人发胖了吗?也许他该去图书馆 查查看。他可不能让雍慧哄骗人们后跑 掉。他最好做一番调查! 在图书馆,王鹏很惊讶地发现,他 餐馆的食物脂肪含量太高,而雍慧餐馆 的食物脂肪含量又太低。尽管顾客吃她 的餐馆里的饭会变得苗条,但他们摄取 不到足够的热量来保持健康,很快就会
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感到疲乏。开车回家时,王鹏觉得又有 了希望。也许写个新的标牌、打点折, 能够帮他赢回顾客!于是他写下了他的 标牌: “想保持苗条、 健康又精力旺盛吗? 到这里来用餐吧!今天打折! 我们的食物能够给您提供一整天所 需的热量! ” 这两家餐馆之间的竞争开始了!

COME AND EAT HERE(2) A week later, Wang Peng' s restaurant was nearly full and he felt happier. Perhaps he would be able to earn his living after all and not have to close his restaurant. He did not look forward to
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being in debt because his restaurant was no longer popular. He smiled as he welcomed some customers warmly at the door but the smile left his face when he saw Yong Hui walking in. She did not look happy but glared at him. " May I ask what you were doing in my restaurant the other day? I thought you were a new customer and now I know that you only came to spy on me and my menu," she shouted. " Please excuse me," he calmly explained," I wanted to know where all my customers had gone last week. I followed one of them and found them in your restaurant. I don' t want to upset you, but I found your menu so limited that I stopped worrying and started advertising the benefits of my food. Why don' t you sit down and try a meal?" Yong Hui agreed to stay and soon they were both enjoying dumplings and
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breast of chicken cooked with garlic. When they were served the ice cream,Yong Hui began to look ill. "I feel sick with all this fat and heavy food,"she said,"I miss my vegetables and fruit. "Wang Peng was enjoying a second plate of dumplings so he sighed. " Yes," he added," and I would miss my dumplings and fatty pork. Don't you get tired quickly?""Well,I do have to rest a lot,"admitted Yong Hui. "But don't you think it would be better if you were a bit thinner? I’m sure you ' d feel much healthier. " They began to talk about menus and balanced diets. " According to my research, neither your restaurant nor mine offers a balanced diet," explained Wang Peng. " I don' t offer enough fibre and you don' t offer enough body-building and energy-giving food. Perhaps we ought to
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combine our ideas and provide a balanced menu with food full of energy and fibre. " So that is what they did. They served raw vegetables with the hamburgers and boiled the potatoes rather than frying them. They served fresh fruit with the ice cream. In this way they cut down the fat and increased the fibre in the meal. Their balanced diets became- such a success that before long Wang Peng became slimmer and Yong Hui put on more weight. After some time the two found that their business cooperation had turned into a personal one. Finally they got married and lived happily ever after! 到这里来用餐吧(2) 一周后,王鹏的餐馆几乎坐满了人, 他感到高兴些了。也许他仍然能够谋生, 而不至于关闭自己的餐馆。他不希望由 于餐馆不受欢迎而负债。他微笑地站在
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门口热情地迎接他的客人。但他一见到 雍慧走进来,脸上的笑容马上就消失了。 雍慧瞪着他,看上去不太高兴。 “请问你 那天到我餐馆里来干什么?”她大声问 道, “我本来以为你是一位新顾客,现在 我才发现你只是过来打探我和我的菜谱 的。 ”王鹏心平气和地解释说, “很对不 起,上周我想知道我的顾客是上哪儿吃 饭去了。我并不想让你心烦,不过我发 现你的菜谱上的菜太少了,所以我也就 不着急了,我也开始宣传我餐馆食物的 好处。你为什么不坐下吃顿饭呢?” 雍慧同意留下来。没过一会,他们 两人就津津有味地吃起饺子和蒜蓉及 胸。当要吃冰激凌时,雍慧开始感到不 舒服了。她说, “吃了这么多油腻的、难 消化的食物,我都觉得恶心了。我想吃 我的蔬菜和水果。 ”这时候,王鹏正在吃 第二盘饺子,他叹了一口气,说道, “同 样地, (如果在你的餐馆)我还想吃我的
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饺子和肥肉呢。你不觉得自己很容易疲 乏么?” “是的,我的确经常需要休息; ” 雍慧承认了, “不过,难道你不认为你瘦 一点更好么?我相信,那样你会觉得更 健康些。 ” 他们开始谈论菜谱和平衡膳食的问 题。王鹏解释道, “我的研究表明,你我 两家所提供的都不是平衡膳食。我没有 提供足够的纤维食物,而你提供的食物 没有足够的营养和热量。也许我们应该 把我们的想法综合起来,作出一份富于 营养、热量和纤维的平衡食谱。 ”于是, 他们就照此做了。他们用生蔬菜配汉堡 包,煮土豆不是油炸土豆,还拿新鲜水 果配上冰激凌。这样,他们减少了饭菜 中的脂肪含量,增加了纤维素。他们的 平衡食谱非常有效,王鹏很快就瘦了, 而雍慧却胖了,过了不久,这两个人发 现,他们生意上的合作变成了私人的合 作了。最后,他们结了婚,过上了幸福
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美满的生活。 必修 3 Unit 3 THE MILLION POUND BANK NOTE Act I, Scene 3 NARRATOR: It is the summer of 1903. Two old and wealthy brothers, Roderick and Oliver, have made a bet. Oliver believes that with a million pound bank note a man could survive a month in London. His brother Roderick doubts it. At this moment, they see a penniless young man wandering on the pavement outside their house. It is Henry Adams, an American businessman, who is lost in London and does not know what he should do. RODERICK: Young man, would you step inside a moment, please? HENRY: Who? Me, sir?
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RODERICK: Yes, you. OLIVER: Through the front door on your left. HENRY: (A servant opens a door) Thanks. SERVANT: Good morning, sir. Would you please come in? Permit me to lead the way, sir. OLIVER: (Henry enters) Thank you, James. That will be all. RODERICK: How do you do, Mr ... er ...? HENRY: Adams. Henry Adams. OLIVER: Come and sit down, Mr Adams. HENRY: Thank you. RODERICK: You're an American? HENRY: That's right, from San Francisco.
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RODERICK: How well do you know London? HENRY: Not at all, it's my first trip here. RODERICK: I wonder, Mr Adams, if you'd mind us asking a few questions. HENRY: Not at all. Go right ahead. RODERICK: May we ask what you're doing in this country and what your plans are? HENRY: Well, I can't say that I have any plans. I'm hoping to find work. As a matter of fact, I landed in Britain by accident. OLIVER: How is that possible? HENRY: Well, you see, back home I had my own boat. About a month ago, I was sailing out of the bay ... (his eyes stare at what is left of the brother's dinner on table)
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OLIVER: Well, go on. HENRY: Oh, yes. Well, towards nightfall I found myself carried out to sea by a strong wind. It was all my fault. I didn't know whether I could survive until morning. The next morning I'd just about given myself up for lost when I was spotted by a ship. OLIVER: And it was the ship that brought you to England. HENRY: Yes. The fact is that I earned my passage by working as an unpaid hand, which accounts for my appearance. I went to the American embassy to seek help, but ... (The brothers smile at each other.) RODERICK: Well, you mustn't worry about that. It's an advantage. HENRY: I'm afraid I don't quite follow you, sir. RODERICK: Tell us, Mr Adams, what sort
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of work did you do in America? HENRY: I worked for a mining company. Could you offer me some kind of work here? RODERICK: Patience, Mr Adams. If you don't mind, may I ask you how much money you have? HENRY: Well, to be honest, I have none. OLIVER: (happily) What luck! Brother, what luck! (claps his hands together) HENRY: Well, it may seem lucky to you but not to me! On the contrary, in fact. If this is your idea of some kind of joke, I don't think it's very funny. (Henry stands up to leave) Now if you'll excuse me, I think I'll be on my way. RODERICK: Please don't go, Mr Adams~ You mustn't think we don't care about you. Oliver, give him the letter.
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OLIVER: Yes, the letter. (gets it from a desk and gives it to Henry like a gift) The letter. HENRY: (taking it carefully) For me? RODERICK: For you. (Henry starts to open it) Oh, no, you mustn't open it. Not yet. You can't open it until two o'clock. HENRY: Oh, this is silly. RODERICK: Not silly. There's money in it. (calls to the servant) James? HENRY: Oh, no. I don't want your charity. I just want an honest job. RODERICK: We know you're hard-working. That's why we've given you the letter. James, show Mr Adams out. OLIVER: Good luck, Mr Adams. HENRY: Well, why don't you explain what this is all about? RODERICK: You'll soon know. (looks at the clock) In exactly an hour and a half.
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SERVANT: This way, sir. RODERICK: Mr Adams, not until 2 o'clock. Promise? HENRY: Promise. Goodbye. THE MILLION POUND BANK NOTE Act I, Scene 4 (Outside a restaurant Henry looks at the envelope without opening it and decides to go in. He sits down at a table next to the front window.) OWNER: (seeing Henry's poor appearance) That one's reserved. This way, please. (to the waiter) Take this gentleman's order, Horace. HENRY: (after sitting down and putting the letter on the table) I'd like some ham and eggs and a nice big steak. Make it extra thick. I'd also like a cup of
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coffee and a pineapple dessert. WAITER: Right, sir. I'm afraid it'll cost a large amount of money. HENRY: I understand. And I'll have a large glass of beer. WAITER: OK. (The waiter leaves and soon returns with all the food.) HOSTESS: My goodness! Why, look at him. He eats like a wolf. OWNER: We'll see if he's clever as a wolf, eh? HENRY: (having just finished every bit of food) Ah, waiter. (waiter returns) Same thing again, please. Oh, and another beer. WAITER: Again? Everything? HENRY: Yes, that's right. (sees the look on the waiter's face) Anything wrong? WAITER: No, not at all. (to the owner) He's asked for more of the same. OWNER: Well, it is well-known that Americans like to eat a lot. Well, we'll have
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to take a chance. Go ahead and let him have it. WAITER: (reading the bill after the meal) All right. That's two orders of ham and eggs, two extra thick steaks, two large glasses of beer, two cups of coffee and two desserts. HENRY: (looking at the clock on the wall) Would you mind waiting just a few minutes? WAITER: (in a rude manner) What's there to wait for? OWNER: All right, Horace. I'll take care of this. HENRY: (to owner) That was a wonderful meal. It's amazing how much pleasure you get out of tile simple things in life, especially if you can't have them for a while. OWNER: Yes, very interesting. Now perhaps, sir, if you pay your bill I can help
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the other customers. HENRY: (looking at the clock on the wall again) Well, I see it's two o'clock. (he opens the envelope and holds a million pound bank note in his hands. Henry is surprised but the owner and waiter are shocked) I'm very sorry. But ... I ... I don't have anything smaller. OWNER: (still shocked and nervous) Well .. er ... just one moment. Maggie, look! (the hostess screams, the other customers look at her and she puts a hand to her mouth) Do you think it's genuine? HOSTESS: Oh, dear, I don't know. I simply don't know. OWNER: Well, I did hear that the Bank of England had issued two notes in this amount ... Anyway, I don't think it can be a fake. People would pay too much attention to a bank note of this amount. No thief would want that to happen.
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HOSTESS: But he's in rags! OWNER: Perhaps he's a very strange, rich man. (as if he has discovered something for the first time) Why, yes! That must be it! HOSTESS: (hits her husband's arm) And you put him in the back of the restaurant! Go and see him at once. OWNER: (to Henry) I'm so sorry, sir, so sorry, but I cannot change this bank note. HENRY: But it's all I have on me. OWNER: Oh, please, don't worry, sir. Doesn't matter at all. We're so very glad that you even entered our little eating place. Indeed, sir, I hope you'll come here whenever you like. HENRY: Well, that's very kind of you. OWNER: Kind, sir? No, it's kind of you. You must come whenever you want and have whatever you like. Just having you sit here is a great honour! As for the bill, sir,
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please forget it. HENRY: Forget it? Well ... thank you very much. That's very nice of you. OWNER: Oh, it's for us to thank you, sir and I do, sir, from the bottom of my heart. (The owner, hostess and waiter all bow as Henry leaves.) 必修 3 Unit 4 HOW LIFE BEGAN ON THE EARTH

No one knows exactly how the earth began, as it happened so long ago. However, according to a widely accepted theory, the universe began with a "Big Bang" that threw matter in all directions.After that, atoms began to form and combine to create stars and other bodies.
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For several billion years after the "Big Bang", the earth was still just a cloud of dust. What it was to become was uncertain until between 4.5 and 3.8 billion years ago when the dust settled into a solid globe. The earth became so violent that it was not clear whether the shape would last or not. It exploded loudly with fire and rock. They were in time to produce carbon, nitrogen, water vapour and other gases, which were to make the earth's atmosphere. What is even more important is that as the earth cooled down, water began to appear on its surface. Water had also appeared on other planets like Mars but, unlike the earth, it had disappeared later. It was not immediately obvious that water was to be
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fundamental to the development of life. What many scientists believe is that the continued presence of water allowed the earth to dissolve harmful gases and acids into the oceans and seas. This produced a chain reaction, which made it possible for life to develop. Many millions of years later, the first extremely small plants began to appear on the surface of the water. They multiplied and filled the oceans and seas with oxygen, which encouraged the later development of early shellfish and all sorts of fish. Next, green plants began to grow on land. They were followed in time by land animals. Some were insects. Others, called amphibians, were able to live on land as well as in the water. Later when the plants grew into forests, reptiles appeared for the first time. They produced young enerally by laying eggs. After that,
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some huge animals, called dinosaurs, developed. They laid eggs too and existed on the earth for more than 140 million years. However, 65 million years ago the age of the dinosaurs ended. Why they suddenly disappeared still remains a mystery. This disappearance made possible the rise of mammals on the earth. These animals were different from all life forms in the past, because they gave birth to young baby animals and produced milk to feed them. Finally about 2.6 million years ago some small clever animals, now with hands and feet, appeared and spread all over the earth. Thus they have, in their turn, become the most important animals on the planet. But they are not looking after the earth very well. They are putting too much carbon dioxide into the
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atmosphere, which prevents heat from escaping from the earth into space. As a result of this, many scientists believe the earth may become too hot to live on. So whether life will continue on the earth for millions of years to come will depend on whether this problem can be solved.

A VISIT TO THE MOON Last month I was lucky enough to have a chance to make a trip into space with my friend Li Yanping, an astronomer. We visited the moon in our spaceship! Before we left, Li Yanping explained to me that the force of gravity would change three times on our journey and that the first change would be the most powerful. Then we were off. As the rocket rose into the air, we were pushed
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back into our seats because we were trying to escape the pull of the earth's gravity. It was so hard that we could not say anything to each other. Gradually the weight lessened and I was able to talk to him. "Why is the spaceship not falling back to the earth? On the earth if I fall from a tree I will fall to the ground." I asked. "We are too far from the earth now to feel its pull," he explained, "so we feel as if there is no gravity at all. When we get closer to the moon, we shall feel its gravity pulling us, but it will not be as strong a pull as the earth's." I cheered up immediately and floated weightlessly around in our spaceship cabin watching the earth become smaller and the moon larger. When we got there, I wanted to explore immediately. "Come on," I said. "If you are right, my mass will be less than on the earth because the moon is smaller
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and I will be able to move more freely. I might even grow taller if I stay here long enough. I shall certainly weigh less!" I laughed and climbed down the steps from the spaceship. But when I tried to step forward, I found I was carried twice as far as on the earth and fell over. "Oh dear," I cried, "walking does need a bit of practice now that gravity has changed." After a while I got the hang of it and we began to enjoy ourselves. Leaving the moon's gravity was not as painful as leaving the earth's. But returning to the earth was very frightening. We watched, amazed as fire broke out on the outside of the spaceship as the earth's gravity increased. Again we were pushed hard into our seats as we came back to land. "That was very exhausting but very exciting too," I said. "Now I know much more about gravity! Do you think we
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could visit some stars next time?" "Of course," he smiled, "which star would you like to go to?" 必修 3 Unit 5 A TRIP ON "THE TRUE NORTH" Li Daiyu and her cousin Liu Qian were on a trip to Canada to visit their cousins in Montreal on the Atlantic coast. Rather than take the aeroplane all the way, they decided to fly to Vancouver and then take the train west to east across Canada. The thought that they could cross the whole continent was exciting. Their friend, Danny Lin, was waiting at the airport. He was going to take them and their baggage to catch "The True North", the cross-Canada train. On the way to the station, he chatted about their
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trip. "You're going to see some great scenery. Going eastward, you'll pass mountains and thousands of lakes and forests, as well as wide rivers and large cities. Some people have the idea that you can cross Canada in less than five days, but they forget the fact that Canada is 5,500 kilometres from coast to coast. Here in Vancouver, you're in Canada's warmest part. People say it is Canada's most beautiful city, surrounded by mountains and the Pacific Ocean. Skiing in the Rocky Mountains and sailing in the harbour make Vancouver one of Canada's most popular cities to live in. Its population is increasing rapidly. The coast north of Vancouver has some of the oldest and most beautiful forests in the world. It is so wet there that the trees are extremely tall, some measuring over 90 metres." That afternoon aboard the train,
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the cousins settled down in their seats. Earlier that day, when they crossed the Rocky Mountains, they managed to catch sight of some mountain goats and even a grizzly bear and an eagle. Their next stop was Calgary, which is famous for the Calgary Stampede. Cowboys from all over the world come to compete in the Stampede. Many of them have a gift for riding wild horses and can win thousands of dollars in prizes. After two days' travel, the girls began to realize that Canada is quite empty. At school, they had learned that most Canadians live within a few hundred kilometres of the USA border, and Canada's population is only slightly over thirty million, but now they were amazed to see such an empty country. They went through a wheat-growing province and saw farms that covered thousands of acres.
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After dinner, they were back in an urban area, the busy port city of Thunder Bay at the top of the Great Lakes. The girls were surprised at the fact that ocean ships can sail up the Great Lakes. Because of the Great Lakes, they learned, Canada has more fresh water than any other country in the world. In fact, it has one-third of the world's total fresh water, and much of it is in the Great Lakes. That night as they slept, the train rushed across the top of Lake Superior, through the great forests and southward towards Toronto. “THE TURE NORTH”FROM TORONTO TO MONTREAL The next morning the bushes and maple trees outside their windows were red, gold and orange, and there was frost on the ground, confirming that fall had arrived in Canada.
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Around noon they arrived in Toronto, the biggest and most wealthy city in Canada. They were not leaving for Montreal until later, so they went on a tour of the city. They went up the tall CN Tower and looked across the lake. In the distance, they could see the misty cloud that rose from the great Niagara Falls, which is on the south side of the lake. The water flows into the Niagara River and over the falls on its way to the sea. They saw the covered stadium, home of several famous basketball teams. As they walked north from the harbour area, Li Daiyu said, "Lin Fei, one of my mother's old schoolmates, lives here. I should phone her from a telephone booth." They met Lin Fei around dusk in downtown Chinatown, one of the three in Toronto. Over dinner at a restaurant called
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The Pink Pearl, the cousins chatted with Lin Fei, who had moved to Canada many years earlier. "We can get good Cantonese food here," Lin Fei told them, "because most of the Chinese people here come from South China, especially Hong Kong. It's too bad you can't go as far as Ottawa, Canada's capital. It's approximately four hundred kilometres northeast of Toronto, so it would take too long." The train left late that night and arrived in Montreal at dawn the next morning. At the station, people everywhere were speaking French. There were signs and ads in French, but some of them had English words in smaller letters. "We don't leave until this evening," said Liu Qian. "Let's go downtown. Old Montreal is close to the water." They spent the afternoon in lovely shops and visiting artists in their workplaces beside
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the water. As they sat in a buffet restaurant looking over the broad St Lawrence River, a young man sat down with them. "Hello, my name is Henri. I'm a student at the university nearby," he said, "and I was wondering where you are from." The girls told him they were on a train trip across Canada and that they had only one day in Montreal. "That's too bad," he said. "Montreal is a city with wonderful restaurants and clubs. Most of us speak both English and French, but the city has French culture and traditions. We love good coffee, good bread and good music." That night as the train was speeding along the St Lawrence River toward the Gulf of St Lawrence and down to the distant east coast, the cousins dreamed of French restaurants and red
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maple leaves.

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