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地点描写写作


英语基础写作

地点写作必备词汇和句型:
Ⅰ.地理位置和地位
lie , stand, on the coast of… 位置: be situated , ___________________ in front of, in the middle/center of ___________________________

方向:_________________________________ east ,south, west,north , northeast , northwest southeast, eastern, southern, western,northern… _________________________________

political/commercial/cultural/industrial centre 地位 :________________________________, ___________________ the capital of…, the (second) largest… in China/the world… __________________________________

句型
capital of Guangdong Province 1.Guangzhou , the _____________________________ lies in the south of China . (广东省会) ,________ stands 2. The temple ______on the top of/at the foot of the mountain. (stand) Located (locate) in the smallest continent--3.________ the sixth largest (第六大) Oceania, Australia is _______________ country in the world. Standing (stand) on the top of the mountain, 4 ._________ the temple has experienced many changes in this area. located (locate) to/ on the 5.The beautiful town is ________ west of the lake.

Ⅱ.人口
The city has a large population of … . 句型: 1. _______________________________ 2. _______________________________ The population of …is… . 3.The _______________________________ population increases/ decreases…; 4. _______________________________ The population has grown to… . 5. _______________________________ The city, with a population of…, is … Fill in the blanks has a population of about 20 million. 1.Australia __________ a population of 2.China is a developing country,with ________ 1300 million. The population in this city is increasing year by 3.________ year. covers an area of 4.It _______________10,000 square kilometers with a population of (人口) over 2 million. _________________

Ⅲ. 面积
cover/have an area of… square kilometers, 词汇:_____________________________________ _____________________________________ take up…square kilometers/meters… 句型: 1.Tiananmen Square, the largest square in the world, ______________________ covers /has an area of one million square kilometers. 2.This square is 2000 meters long and 1500 meters wide. which takes up 130 square kilometers 3.Our school,________________________________ (占地面积130平方公里),is very large in size.

Ⅳ. 气候和历史
warm, dry, humid, cold, sunny, stormy, rainy, 天气: ______________________________________ cloudy, snowy, windy… ______________________________________

has a history of… , with a long history… 历史:___________________________________

句型: neither too cold in winter nor 1.The weather is _______________________ too hot in summer. (冬天不会太冷夏天不会太热) _______________ has a history of 2.China _________________5000 years. a long history. 3.Egypt is an Arabian countrywith ____________ (历史悠久)

Ⅴ.名胜古迹
词汇:________________________________ places of interest , a city of tourism, tourist destination, be famous for… ________________________________
places of interest 1. In Sydney, there are many _________________, such as the Opera House. a popular tourist destination (旅游 2.Sydney is ______________________ 胜地)with many tourists from all over the

world . is famous for many places of 3.Australia ____________ interest.(以…著名) a city of tourism (旅游城市),it attracts 4.As ______________ millions of visitors from all over the world.

写作训练:请你用5句话介绍我国首都北京。 [写作内容]
1. 北京,位于中国东北部,是中国的首都,全国的政 治、文化中心。 2. 全市面积一万六千多平方公里,人口1400余万, 是全国第二大城市。 3. 夏季炎热多雨,冬季寒冷干燥。 4. 历史悠久,是旅游胜地,有很多著名文化古迹如紫 禁城(Forbidden City),颐和园,长城等。每年都 吸引众多世界各地游客。

[写作要求]
1.只能使用5个句子表达全部内容; 2.介绍必须包括所有要点。

Try to finish your passage within 10 minutes.

[checklist] 1.是否只用了5句? 2.要点是否齐全? 3.是否使用了正确的语言结构? 4.有无语法或拼写错误? 5.是否用上了高级词汇或高级结构? 6.有无过渡性词语,使文章更连贯?

Possible Version ① Beijing, situated in the northeast of China, is the capital city as well as the political and cultural center of the country. ② It covers a total area of more than 16,000 square kilometers with a population of 14 million. ③ Here it is hot and rainy in summer while cold and dry in winter. ④ As a city with a long history, there are many places of interest in Beijing, such as the Forbidden City, the Summer Palace and the Great Wall. ⑤Therefore, it is a popular tourist destination with many visitors from all over the world every year.

Homework

Learn by heart the useful expressions we learnt today.


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