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2013届高考英语一轮复习超级课件:Unit1 A land of diversity(新人教版选修8)


英语:高三一轮复习超级课件 Unit1《A land of diversity》(新人教版选修8)

? [话题] 议。 ? [体裁] 议论文 ? Recently,there is widespread concern over the issue that a nineteen-year-old girl who quitted school asked her mother,who has been laid off, for 100,000 yuan in order to take part in talent shows.

? 佳作选登 谈关于19岁女孩休学参加才艺选秀的争

? Some students think talent shows are of great fun and can provide a colorful platform to show their talents,and it is also a way to release their pressure.But many parents and teachers hold different views.They think that taking part in talent shows will take a lot of time,energy and money,which should be used for study and doing other meaningful things.

? In my opinion,I do not approve of taking part in this activity. As young people,we should make the most of our limited time and concentrate on our studies to gain more knowledge in order to better serve our country and people.

? ? ? ? ? ?

? 经典例句 [亮词] 1.be of great fun很有趣 2.show one's talents展示才艺 3.release one's pressure释放压力 4.approve of支持;赞成 5.make the most of充分利用 6.concentrate on集中精力于??

? [ 典 句 ] 1.Recently , there is widespread concern over the issue that a nineteen-year-old girl who quitted school asked her mother,who has been laid off,for 100,000 yuan in order to take part in talent shows. ? 最近,就某19岁女孩休学参加选秀,向下 岗母亲索要十万元这一问题引起了很大的 关注。

? 2.They think that taking part in talent shows will take a lot of time,energy and money, which should be used for study and doing other meaningful things. ? 他们认为参加选秀会浪费很多时间,精力 和金钱,而这些应当用在学习和做其他有 意义的事情上的。

? 1.(2011·湖北高考)The state-run company is required to make its accounts as ________ as possible for its staff to monitor the use of money. ? A.transparent B.reasonable ? C.secure D.formal

? [解题指导] 句意:这家国有公司被要求使 自己的账目尽可能透明,以便其员工监督 公司对资金的使用。考查形容词辨析。四 个形容词选项中,A“透明的,明显的,清 楚的”符合句意。B“合理的,讲道理的”; C“安全的”;D“正规的,正式的”。 ? [正确答案] A

? 2.(2012·杭州模拟)—Jack,could I use your laptop computer for a while? ? —________.Go ahead,please. ? A.With pleasure B.No way ? C.By all means D.Come on

? [解题指导] 句意:—杰克,我能用用你的 笔记本电脑吗?—完全可以,用吧。由答句 Go ahead可知:Jack同意对方的请求,故用 By all means(当然可以)。With pleasure用以 回答Would/Will you please...?;No way! “ 没 门 ” 表 示 反 对 , 与 go ahead 相 悖 ; Come on“快点儿,得了,跟我来”。 ? [正确答案] C

? 3.(2012·济南质检)I ________ along the street looking for a place to park when the accident ________. ? A.went;was occurring ? B.went;occurred ? C.was going;occurred ? D.was going;had occurred

? [解题指导] 句意:我正在大街上寻找停车 点这时事故发生了。根据句意第一空要用 进行时,前后动作紧接着发生,第二空用 一般过去时态。 ? [正确答案] C

? 4.(2012·广州月考)The ________ cause of his illness was extreme drinking,but the real cause was his deep sadness on his wife's death. ? A.major B.apparent ? C.clear D.serious

? [解题指导] 句意:他得病的表面上的原因 是过度饮酒,但实际原因是他妻子死亡给 他带来的巨大悲痛。本题考查形容词辨义。 major“主要的”;apparent“显而易见的, 表面的”;clear“清楚的”;serious“严重 的,认真的”。 ? [正确答案] B

? 5 . (2012· 大 连 一 模 )My elder brother ________ a well-paid job in Beijing the moment he graduated from Beijing University. ? A.applied for B.got from ? C.sent for D.took back

? [解题指导] 句意:我哥哥一从北大毕业就 在北京申请了一份薪水不错的工作。apply for“申请”,符合句题。get from“从?? 得 到 ” ; send for“ 派 人 去 请 ” ; take back“拿回,收回”。 ? [正确答案] A

? Ⅰ.重点单词 ? 1. distinct adj.清晰的;明确的→ distinction n.差别; 区分 ? 2. hardship n.苦难;困苦 ? 3 . elect vt. 选 择 或 决 定 ( 做 某 事 ) ; 选 举 ( 某 人 )→ election n. 选举 ? 4. nephew n.侄子;外甥→ niece n.外甥女

? 5. applicant n.申请人→ apply v. 申请;请求 → application n.申请;申请书 ? 6.customs n. 海关,关税 →customer n. 顾客
indication n.表 indicate vt.指出;表明;暗示→ ? 7. 明;象征 apparently apparent adj.显然的→ ? 8. adv.显而 易见地 hire ? 9. n.&vt.租用;雇用 ? 10. nowhere adv.无处;到处都无

? 11. punishment n.处罚;惩罚→ punish 惩罚 ? 12.justice n. 正义,公正 ? 13. mourn vt.&vi.哀悼;悼念;表示悲痛 ? 14. means n.手段;方法 ? 15. majority n.大多数;大半→(反义词)
minority

vt.

? ? ? ? ? ?

Ⅱ.重点短语 1.live on 继续存在;生存 2. by means of用??的方法;借助?? 3.the majority of 大多数的 4.declare war on 对??宣战 5. make a life习惯新的生活方式、工作 等 up 坚持;维持;沿袭(风俗、传 ? 6.keep 统等) to ? 7.occur 某事被提到;出现在头脑中

? ? ? ? ?

8.back to back背靠背 9.team up with与??合作或一起工作 10.make out 标出??(界线) 11.apply for 申请 12.be thankful for ... 对??感到感激

? Ⅲ.重点句型 ? 1.However,is likely that Native it Americans were living in California at least fifteen thousand years ago.

? 然而,美洲土著人很可能在至少一万五千 年前就在加州生活着。 That is why ? 2. today over 40% of Californians speak Spanish as a first or second language. ? 这就是今天有超过40%的加利福尼亚人把西 班牙语作为第一或第二语言的原因。

? ? ? ? ?

1.means n. [C] 方法;手段 (单复数同形) by means of... 用??办法,借助?? by all means 当然可以 by all means 无论如何 by no means 绝不,一点也不

? ? ? ? ?

①They succeeded by means of perseverance. 他们依靠坚忍不拔而获得成功。 ②We should by all means raise productivity. 我们应该想方设法提高生产率。 ③It is by no means certain that the game will take place. 这种游戏绝不会再发生了。

? means,way,method,manner, approach ? (1)means指为达到一个目的或产生某种结果 而采用的方法、手段。 ? (2)way是最普通、最常用的词,可以指一切 “方法、办法”。 ? (3)method是指理论的或系统的方法,有时 是针对某个具体问题而采用的特殊方法, 常与with连用。

? (4)manner指特殊的或怪异的方式、方法, 与动作有关。 ? (5)approach常与to搭配,指从事某事的特别 方法、途径。

2.majority n. 大半;大多数 ?by/with a majority以多数,大半 ? ?in the/a majority占大多数 ? ?have a majority over sb.获得多于某人 ?的??;战胜某人 ?
?minority n.少数 ? ? ?in the minority占少数 ?

? ①He won the seat with a majority of 71 votes. ? 他以71票的优势赢得了该席位。 ? ②In Britain women are in the majority. ? 在英国,妇女占多数。 ? ③ A/The majority of doctors agree that smoking is extremely harmful to health.大多 数医生认为吸烟对健康极为有害。

3.occur vi. 发生;出现(occurred;occurred) ?Sth.occur to ?sb.??某人?想到 ? ?It occurs to sb.that...某人想起/想到?? ?It occurs to sb.to do sth.某人想起/想到做某事 ? occurrence n.发生;出现;(偶然)事件 ①The idea occurred to him in a dream. 这个主意是他在梦中想到的。

? ②It occurred to me to visit my parents. ? 我突然想去探望父母。 ? ③It didn't occur to him that the Netherlands won the champion in the World Cup. ? 他没有想到荷兰队赢得世界杯的冠军。

? 1.Less than twenty percent of the employees in their company are women. That is to say, men are in the ________. ? A.majority B.activity ? C.possibility D.minority ? 解 析 : in the majority“ 占 大 多 数 ” ; activity“活动”;possibility“可能性”; minority“少数”。 ? 答案:A

? 2.(2012·大连质检)It suddenly ________ to me that this man might be a cheat. ? A.happened B.turned out ? C.occurred D.came about ? 解 析 : It occurs to sb.that“ 某 人 突 然 想 到??”,符合句意。 ? 答案:C

? 3.—Do you think their table tennis team will win the first place at the coming Asian Games? ? —________.Ours is much stronger than theirs. ? A.Of course B.It depends ? C.Don't mention it D . By no means ? 解析:by no means“绝不”;of course“一 定,当然”;it depends“看情况而定”; don't mention it“别放在心上,不用客气”。 根据题意可知选D。 ? 答案:D

? That is why today over 40% of Californians speak Spanish as a first or second language. ? 这就是今天有超过40%的加利福尼亚人把西 班牙语作为第一或第二语言的原因。 ? 句中的why引导的为表语从句,注意以下句 式区别: ? That's why...那就是为什么??(why从句表 示结果) ? That's because...那是因为??(because从句 表示原因)

? The reason why...is/was that...??的原因是??(表语从句 常用that引导,而不用because) ? ①That's why he is fond of swimming. ? 那就是他喜欢游泳的原因。 ? ②Mark came late for the meeting.That was because his mother was ill.迈克开会迟到了,那是因为他妈妈生病了。 ? ③The reason why the injection needs repeating every year is that the virus often changes. ? 每年需要重新注射的原因是这种病毒经常变化。

? The reason ________ death was feared was ________ no man could experience it twice. ? A.why;that B.why;because ? C.why;why D.because;that ? 解析:句意:人们之所以恐惧死亡,是因 为无人能经历两次。The reason why...is/was that...??的原因是??。 ? 答案:A


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