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2013英语高考模拟试卷(4)


伊山中学高三英语强化训练(4)
制卷人:朱宝娟 审核人:陈洪霞
第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 语法和词汇(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 从每小题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卷上 将该选项涂黑。

21. Fireworks exploded dur

ing _________ opening ceremony of _________ 2011 Asian Cup football tournament at Khalifa Stadium in Doha, capital of Qatar, Jan. 7, 2011. A. the; a B. a; the C. a; a D. the; the 22. Low temperatures and freezing rain in some parts of China also pushed up _________ of agricultural products during the early weeks of 2011. A. benefits B. interests C. welfares D. prices 23. Canada Post issued two stamps on Jan. 8, 2011, _________ the Chinese Lunar Year of the Rabbit. A. in favor of B. in terms of C. in celebration of D. in need of 24. We didn’t know you were in trouble then. _________, we would have given you a hand. A. However B. Otherwise C. Besides D. Anyway 25. --Tom, have you ever heard of the latest water heater using solar energy.9 --Yes, but I haven't decided whether to buy _________. A. it B. that C. this D. one 26. --I couldn't sleep. I counted sheep, I drank milk etc, but nothing helped. --It seems you _________ too much lately. Try some sleeping pills. A. worked B. work C. had worked D. have been working 27. Many people don’t know _________ it is _________ makes those honest peasant workers, without being paid at all, resign themselves to the bosses. A. that; what B. /; what C. what; that D. /; that 28. Bob Geldof, who organized Live Aid, _________ to collect money for the famine and it _________ to be successful. A. hoped; turned in B. tried; turned over C. intended; turned out D. wished; turned up 29. Safety in school has been a hot topic because of frequent reports about accidents _________ students got injured or killed while in school . A. that B. when C. where D. which 30. --I borrowed 100 dollars from Belinda, but she insisted that she had lent 150 dollars to me. --I _________ you the money. Why not ask me? A. must lend B. should have lent C. would lend D. could have lent 31. Liu Xiang won the gold medal of men’s 110m hurdles at the 16th Asian Games, _________ the title of the event with 13.09 seconds.

A. claiming B. claimed C. has claimed D. to claim 32. --Jenny, what would you like to eat for lunch, pizza, pasta or sushi? --__________ I have a good appetite. A. Sounds good. B. It depends C. It’s up to you. D. You’re so considerate. 33. Military helicopters dropped food and medicine to the earthquake survivors that remained __________ in remote mountain villages. A. cut off B. cut up C. cut down D. cut out 34. I would appreciate __________ you could give me some advice on learning English. A. it whether B. it if C. that when D. that if 35. --Have you got any idea for the summer holidays? --I don’t mind where we go __________ we can enjoy ourselves. A. as if B. in order that C. now that D. as long as 第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 20 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 36—55 各题所给的四个选项(A、B、 C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卷上将该选项涂黑。 You wake up in the morning, the day is beautiful and the plans for the day are what you have been looking forward to for a long time. Then the 36 rings, you say hello, and the drama starts. Tile person on the other 37 has a depressing (令人沮丧的)tone in his voice as he starts to tell you how 38 his morning is and that there is nothing to look forward to. Are you __39 in a wonderful mood? Impossible! Communicating with negative people can wash out your 40 . It may not change what you think, but doing this long enough with them will make you 41 depressed for a moment or a long time. Life brings ups and downs, but some people 42 the wrong idea that life has no happiness to offer. They only feel glad when they make others feel 43 . No wonder they can hardly win others’ pity or respect. When you 44 with positive people, your spirit stays happy and therefore more positive things are attracted. 45 the dagger (匕首) a negative person is of put in you, you feel the heavy feeling that brings you 46 . Sometimes we have no 47 but to communicate with negative people. This could be a co-worker, or a relative. In this case, 48 what needs to be said as little as possible. Sometimes it feels good to 49 your anger back to the negative person, 50 all this does is to lower you to that same negative level and they won’t feel 51 of themselves about that. Negativity often 52 happiness without even being realized. The negative words of another at the start of the day can attach to you throughout the 53 of your day, which makes you feel bad and 54 your happiness. Life is too 55 to feel negative. Stay positive and avoid negativity as much as possible. 36. A. bell B. sound C. voice D. phone 37. A. end B. corner C. part D. side 38. A. happy B. terrible C. surprising D. exciting 39. A. nearly B. never C. still D. ever

40. A. faith B. relief C. happiness D. sorrow 41. A. look B. last C. sound D. feel 42. A. are stuck in B. are accused of C. are satisfied with D. are anxious about 43. A. bad B. glad C. sorry D. content 44. A. quarrel B. communicate C. speak D. say 45. A. Before B. Since C. After D. When 46. A. up B. down C. in D. out 47. A. hope B. chance C. choice D. need 48. A. say B. describe C. talk D. write 49. A. look out B. figure out C. put out D. let out 50. A. but B. or C. for D. and 51. A. frightened B. ashamed C. tired D. proud 52. A. affects B. gains C. buys D. decides 53. A. length B. middle C. beginning D. rest 54. A. shares B. steals C. sells D. hides 55. A. long B. short C. easy D. uncertain 第三部分 阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 第一节 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最 佳选项,并在答题卷上将该选项涂黑。 A In white shirt, blue pants, black cloth shoes and two pigtails, Jingqiu gives off an air of great “pure beauty” in Zhang Yimou’s new movie Under the Hawthorn Tree, which tells the story of the sad romance of Jingqiu and a handsome young man named Laosan set at the end of the “cultural revolution”(1966 - 1976). Before it was released, moviegoers foresaw what this “pure beauty” could be. Director Zhang complained of how long it had taken him to find the right girl for the part of Jingqiu - a character so innocent. She believes that simply lying on the same bed as a man will make her pregnant. It was 18 -year- old Zhou Dongyu who stood out from the crowd. According to Zhang, Zhou has “eyes that are clear like a fountain on a mountainside”. Born to an ordinary worker’s family, the Shijiazhuang girl was in her final year of high school and working hard for a place in an art college. “If you have fair skin and clear eyes, as Jingqiu does, it is easy to look pure. Girls today wear so many jewels and make - up--that’s the reason Zhang was not interested,” said Du Yanlai, 17, of Chengdu. While some teenagers consider such “pure” beauty unreal, others believe that it speaks of something soulful. Purity is all about an innocence that shines through from within, thinks 16 -yearold Tan Mengxi of Nanjing. “Being pure can be simple, not having complicated thoughts and being inexperienced. However, it doesn’t mean an ignorant or naive person. So, a person is pure in his or her nature if he or she is always enthusiastic and able to deal with difficult matters independently. This purity doesn’t pass with time, ”she said. 56. What’s the real purity according to Tan Mengxi?

A. Being ignorant and native. B. Having eyes as clear as a fountain. C. Not wearing so many jewels and make - up. D. Being simple, enthusiastic and able to manage things alone. 57. What can we infer from the passage? A. Zhou Dongyu, who was 18, was from an art college. B. Many young girls in China are eager to stand out. C. Different people have different opinions about purity. D. Director Zhang disliked those girls with so many accessories 饰物) make ( and -up. 58. The main idea of the passage is ________. A. What makes a pure girl B. Why Chinese girls want to be pure C. Why Director Zhang selected Miss Zhou as the leading star D. How people like the movie Under the Hawthorn Tree B The old couple who lived in a cottage on the edge of the village were envied for the happiness of their marriage. They never quarreled and were always affectionate to one another. Sadly, after thirty - four years of this happiness, the husband became ill and died. The wife was overcome with grief. Her children tried to comfort her, but in vain. Her neighbors tried to comfort her, but with similar lack of success. Weeks and months went by, and still the woman was grieving; tears fell down her cheeks from morning till night. Then a holy man came to the village. People told him about the woman, and asked him to try to help her. The holy man went to the woman’s house. Dressed in his rough woolen robe, he sat down with the grieving widow and listened, carefully, to her story. When she had spilled out all her sorrow, he reached into one of the deep pockets in his robe, and drew out a tiny, little mustard 芥末) ( seed. “I think I may have a cure for your grief,” he said. “I want you to go round the people in this region, and look for a family that has no sorrows. When you find this family, give them this little mustard seed, and then come back to me. The woman set off in search of such a family. She visited every home in the district, and talked to the people. She listened to their stories, just as the holy man had listened to hers. In time, she almost forgot about the mustard seed, because every single family she met was carrying some kind of sorrow. One day, she happened to meet the holy man again, and he stopped to ask how she was feeling. She was surprised at first, at his question, and then she suddenly remembered the mustard seed, still safely in her purse. “I’m sorry, I haven’t found a family without sorrows yet,” she told him. “But you yourself are cured of your grief,” he smiled. “The mustard seed is a great healer!” 59. What does the underlined word “grieving” mean? A. amused B. sad C. angry D. astonished

60. What did the holy man ask her to do to end her sorrow? A. to go to church for help. B. to live with the family that has no sorrows with the mustard seed. C. to help others so that she can feel the happiness from the bottom of her heart. D. to find a family that is always happy and give them the mustard seed before returning to him. 61. How did the woman treat the families she visited? A. She was a good listener. B. She told them her unfortunate story. C. She gave every family a mustard seed. D. She helped them to solve the problems they met. 62. Who on earth heals the woman’s grief? A. The mustard seed. B. Her children. C. The families in the district. D. She herself. C Scientists who try to predict earthquakes have gotten some new helpers recently -animals. That’s right, animals. Scientists have begun to understand what farmers have known for thousands of years. Animals often seem to know in advance that an earthquake is coming, and they show their fear by acting in strange ways. Before a Chinese quake in 1976, snakes awoke from their winter sleep early only to freeze to death in the cold air. Cows broke their halters (缰绳)and tried to escape. Chickens refused to enter their cage. All of this unusual behavior, as well as physical changes in the earth, warned Chinese scientists of the coming quake. They moved people away from the danger zone and saved thousands of lives. One task for scientists today is to learn exactly which types of animal behavior predict quakes. It’s not an easy job. First of all not every animal reacts to the danger of an earthquake. Just before a California quake in 1977, for example, an Arabian horse became very nervous and tried to break out of his enclosure. The Australian horse next to him, however, remained perfectly calm. It’s also difficult at times to tell the difference between normal animal restlessness and “earthquake nerves”. A zoo keeper once called earthquake researchers to say that his cougar(美洲狮)had been acting strangely. It turned out that the cat had an upset stomach. A second task for scientists is to find out exactly what kind of warnings the animals receive. They know that animals sense far more of the world than humans do. Many animals can see, hear, and smell things that people do not even notice. Some can sense tiny changes in air pressure, gravity, or the magnetism of Earth. This extra sense probably helps animals predict quakes. A good example of this occurred with a group of dogs. They were shut in an area that was being shaken by a series of tiny earthquakes. (Several small quakes often come before or after a large one. ) Before each quake a low booming sound was heard. Each boom caused the dogs to bark wildly. Then the dogs began to bark during a silent period. A scientist who was recording quakes looked at his machine. It was

acting as though there were a loud noise too. The scientist realized that the dogs had reacted to a booming noise. They also sensed the tiny quake that followed it. The machine recorded both, though humans felt and heard nothing. In this case there was a machine to monitor what the dogs were sensing. Many times, however, our machines record nothing extraordinary, even though animals know a quake is coming. The animals might be sensing something we measure but do not recognize as a warning. Discovering what animals sense, and learning how they know it is a danger signal, is a job for future scientists. 63. Through the passage the writer hopes to explore _______. A. how much animals know about an earthquake B. why animals not men have good sense of danger C. how animals know when an earthquake is coming D. why animals send a danger signal before an earthquake 64. During an earthquake in China in 1976, _________. A. chickens refused to go out of their cage B. snakes were frozen to death in their caves C. snakes awoke from their winter sleep earlier D. cows broke their halters and escaped from their sheds 65. Which of the following is one of earthquake nerves according to the passage? A. A cat acted very strangely in a zoo. B. An Australian horse was perfectly calm. C. A cougar had an upset stomach unexpectedly. D. An Arabian horse tried to escape from his enclosure. 66. The scientists did an experiment with a group of dogs so as to _______. A. figure out what exact warnings animals sent B. prove that animals could sense more than humans C. compare the reactions of animals with those of humans D. make sure that the machine could record unusual happenings D Drunken driving - sometimes called America’s socially accepted form of murder - has become a national epidemic (流行病). Every hour of every day about three Americans on average are killed by drunken drivers, adding up to an incredible 250,000 over the past ten years. A drunken driver is usually referred to as one with 0.10 - blood alcohol content or roughly three beer glasses of wine or shots of whisky drunk within two hours. Heavy drinking used to be an acceptable part of the American manly image and judges were merciful in most courts, but the drunken killing has recently caused so many well - publicized tragedies, especially concerning young children, that public opinion is no longer so tolerant. Twenty states have raised the legal drinking age to 21, reversing a trend in the 1960s to reduce it to 18. After New Jersey lowered it to 18, the number of people killed by 18 - 20 years old drivers more than doubled, so the state recently upped it back to 21. Reformers, however, fear raising the drinking age will have little effect unless accompanied by educational programs to help young people to develop “responsible

attitudes” about drinking and teach them to resist peer pressure to drink. Though new laws have led to increased arrests and tests in many areas already, to a marked drop in accidents, some states are also punishing bars for serving customers too many drinks. A bar in Massachusetts was fined for serving six or more double brandies to a customer who was “obviously drunk” and later drove off the road, killing a 9 - year - old boy. As the accidents continue to occur daily in every state, some Americans are even beginning to speak well of the 13 years national prohibition of alcohol that began in 1919, which President Hoover called the “noble experiment”. They forgot that legal prohibition didn’t stop drinking, but encouraged political corruption and organized crime. As with the booming drug trade generally, there is no easy solution. 67. From paragraph one, we can know that ________. A. most Americans prefer drinking B. It is hard to avoid heavy drinking C. Americans are not shocked by traffic accidents D. many Americans are killed by drunk drivers 68. We can infer from the fact of the traffic accidents in New Jersey that _______. A. Young drivers were usually bad. B. Drivers should not be permitted to drink. C. The legal drinking age should be raised. D. Most drivers hoped to raise the legal drinking age. 69. In America, public opinion about drunken driving has changed because ________. A. judges are no longer merciful B. the problem has drawn public attention C. new laws are introduced in some states D. drivers do not appreciate their manly image 70. Which of the following best shows the writer’s opinion of drunken driving? A. It may contribute to organized crime. B. Solving this problem is difficult. C. The new laws can prevent heavy drinking. D. There should be no bars to serve drinks. 第Ⅱ卷 (非选择题,共 35 分) 任务型阅读(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 请认真阅读下列短文, 并根据所读的内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个 最恰当的单词。注意:每个空格填写一个单词。 Celebrating sleep World Sleep Day, observed on 21 March, was created to bring attention to the growing number of sleep problems worldwide. Sleep is a natural part of human life, but many people in the modem world ignore its importance. As a result, sleep problems are increasingly common. In 2002, scientists at the University of Athens in Greece conducted a survey of over 35,000 people in 10 countries around the world, including China, Belgium and South Africa. Of the people that responded to the survey, 24 percent said that they did

not sleep well, and based on their responses, 31.6 percent were diagnosed with insomnia and another 17.5 percent were diagnosed with borderline insomnia(失眠). In addition, 30.7 percent of survey respondents reported visiting a doctor for help with sleep problems and 11.6 per cent said that they felt very sleepy during the day. Overall, the survey found that ninny people suffer the effects of poor quality sleep, some examples of which are being unable to fall asleep and waking up in the middle of the night. The main factors causing these problems are pressure from school or work and a fast pace of life, but noise pollution and light pollution also interfere with sleep and contribute to poor quality sleep. The survey's findings are particularly troubling because large 'numbers of people were found to have difficulty sleeping at night. The short-term effects of this are tiredness and trouble concentrating. If this happens for a long time, the risk of gaining weight and having a heart attack may increase. There are many things you can do to improve the quality of your sleep. First, you should have regular sleep habits. Try to go to bed and wake up around the same time each day. You also need to make your bedroom a cool, dark, quiet place to sleep so that heat, light and noise do not disturb you. At night, you should also avoid things that contain caffeine, such as chocolate, coffee, tea and many soft drinks, as caffeine may keep you from sleeping. Getting a good night's sleep is important for everyone. By following the advice above, you can rest better at night and work better during the day. Title: Celebrating Sleep Topic Context Due to (73) ▲ of sleep problems, people World Sleep Day observed Mar. 21, World Sleep Day, bringing attention to the importance of sleep. 1). Of 3, 5000 people in 10 countries in the world, there were 24 percent of the people saying they didn't sleep well. 2). 31.6 percent were diagnosed with insomnia and another 17.5 percent were on the (74) ▲ of Responses of the sleeplessness. survey 3). The (75) ▲ of the people feeling sleepy during the day is 11.6. 4). 30.7 percent reported (76) ▲ to a doctor for sleep problems. 1). Under, (77) ▲ from school or work, people may have sleep problems. 2). Poor quality, sleeps also (78) ▲ from noise or (71) ▲ causing light pollution. sleep problems & their 3).There is much (79) ▲ that sleepless people consequences easily gain weight and have a heart attack. 4). Feeling fired and sleepy, people find it hard to concentrate. (72) ▲ to 1). Have regular sleep habits

take to improve sleep 2). Make your bedroom cool, dark and quiet quality 3). Avoid things (80) ▲ caffeine

第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) 人们一直面临着上学难、看病难、买房难的问题。如:大部分人都负债买房。今年政府 将更加重视民生。教育、医疗、住房,就业等状况将会得到改善。如:义务教育免费、减轻 农民负担、控制房价、扩大就业等,让人民群众持续地得到实惠。 请根据以上所述写篇短文,并简要发表自己的感想。 1:词数:150 左右。 2.参考词汇:民生 the people’s livelihood 义务教育 compulsory education

附答案 21-25 DDCBD 26-30 DCCCD 31-35 ACABD 36-40 DABCC 41-45 DAABD 46-50 BCADA 51-55 BADBB 56-58 DDA 59-62 BDAD 63-66 CCDB 67-70 DCBB 71 Factors 72 Measures/steps 73 ignorance 74 edge 75 percentage 76 turning 77 pressure/stress 78 arise/result 79 possibility/chance 80 containing/with


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