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【浙江】2013版高中英语全程复习方略课件:必修2 Unit 1 Cultural relics(人教版)(高考)


Unit 1 Cultural relics 文化遗产

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基础知识的掌握是形成语言能力的源头。本栏目内容在高 考时虽不直接考查,但考题无不由此而生。感觉简单未必掌握, 认为掌握未必精准。化主干梳理为习题训练,变知识再现为能 力提升。训练式梳理,创新记忆模式,提升复习效果!高考成 败,根基在此,不可小觑!

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Ⅰ. 单词盘点 根据词性和汉语意思写出词汇 rare 1. ______(adj. ) design 2. ________(n. ) (vt. ) fancy 3. _______(adj. ) (vt. ) 稀罕的;稀有的;珍贵的 设计;图案;构思 设计;计划;构思 奇特的;异样的 想象;设想;爱好
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remove 4. ________(vt. ) former 5. ________(adj. ) worth 6. _______(prep. )

移动;搬开

以前的;从前的
值得的;相当于??的价值

(n. )
(adj. ) local 7. ______(adj. ) sink 8. ______(vi. )

价值;作用
[古]值钱的

本地的;当地的
下沉;沉下
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debate 9. _______(n. )
(vi. )

争论;辩论 争论;辩论

value valuable 10. _________(adj. )贵重的;有价值的→ ______(n. &vt. )价 invaluable 值;重视→ ___________(adj. )极有用的;极宝贵的 survival survive 11. ________(vi. )幸免;幸存;生还→ ________(n. )生存;幸 survivor 存→ _________(n. )幸存者 amaze amazing 12. _______(vt. )使吃惊;惊讶→ _________(adj. )令人吃惊的→ amazed amazement ________(adj. )吃惊的→ _____________(n. )惊奇

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selection select 13. ______(vt. )挑选;选择→ _________(n. )选择;选拔

decoration decorate 14. _________(v. )装饰;装修→ ___________(n. )装饰品
doubt doubtful 15. _______(n. )怀疑;疑惑(vt. )怀疑;不信→ _________(adj. )

怀疑的
evidence evident 16. _________(n. )根据;证据→ _______(adj. )明显的;清楚的 explosion explode 17. ________(vi. )爆炸→___________(n. )爆炸

informal 18. _________(adj. )非正式的→ ________(反义词)正式的 formal
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【品词自测】根据所给词的适当形式填空 ①It is necessary we master some basic skills,which will greatly survival increase our chances of _________.Luckily, I _________ the survived terrible car crash last week and I was the only _________ of the survivor accident.(survive)

doubt doubtful ②There is no _______ that Catherine is _________ of her future, doubts for she _______ whether she can continue to work. (doubt)

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Ⅱ.短语回放 1. 寻找 2. 属于 3. 作为报答;回报 4. 充当;起作用 5. 处于交战状态 in search of ____________ belong to __________ in return __________ serve as __________ at war _______

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6. 少于

less than _________ take apart __________ rather than ____________

7. 拆开
8. 而不是

9. 看重;器重
10. 培养对??的兴趣

think highly of _______________
develop an interest in ____________________

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Ⅲ. 句式扫描 could never have 1. Frederick William Ⅰ, the King of Prussia, _______________ imagined __________(绝不可能想到) that his greatest gift to the Russian people would have such an amazing history. This was a time when 2. ____________________(这是??的时期) the two countries were at war. There is no doubt that 3. ____________________(毫无疑问) the boxes were then put on a train for K?nigsberg, which was at that time a German city on the Baltic Sea.
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4. In a trial, a judge must decide which eyewitnesses to believe _________________________

and which not to believe ________________________ ( 哪 些 证 人 的 话 可 信 , 哪 些 不 可
信).

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【仿句自测】根据下面句式仿写句子

①time + when引导的定语从句
仿写:这正是大学生忙着找工作的时期。

This is a time when college students are busy looking for jobs. ______________________________________________________

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②There is no doubt +that. . . 毫无疑问?? 仿写:她聪明又勤奋,毫无疑问我们很看重她。(think highly of) She is clever and diligent, so there is no doubt that we think ______________________________________________________ highly of her. ____________

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重难点知识的解读与透析是决胜高考的必经之路。本栏目 涵盖重要单词、短语和句型,高考点拨见解独到,易错要点分

析透彻;知识学习以互动式呈现,梳理科学系统,例句典型新
颖,习题类型多样。要点在握,才能高考无忧!

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worth 核 in search of could have done There is no doubt

三年1考 三年2考 三年2考 三年3考


要 点

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1. survive vt. 比??活得长;幸免于;从(困境等中)挺过 来;

vi. 幸免;幸存;生还

(1)survive sth.

在??之后仍然生存下来,从??中 逃生

survive sb. (by. . . ) survive on sth. survive from sth.

比??活得长(多长时间) 靠??存活下来 从??存活下来;流传下来
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(2)survivor n. survival n.

生还者; 幸存者 存活,幸存

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①Of the six people injured in the crash,only two survived.
在这次撞车事故受伤的六人中,只有两人活了下来。

②Many customs have survived from earlier times.
许多风俗习惯源远流长。 survive the crisis ③The company managed to_______ ____ ______. 公司设法度过了危机。

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2. remove vt. &vi. 移动;搬开;搬家;脱掉;摘掉;消除;撤
职;开除 remove. . . from. . . remove from. . . to. . . 把??从??移开 从??搬到??

remove sb. from school
remove one’s doubt/trouble

开除;勒令某人退学
消除某人的疑虑/烦恼

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①I recognized him after he removed his sunglasses. 他摘掉墨镜后我才认出他来。 ②The news removed all doubts about the company’s future. 这 个消息消除了所有关于公司未来的疑虑。

remove ③Please _______ your bag _____ the seat so that I can sit down. from
请把你的包从座位上拿开,让我坐下。

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3. worth prep. 值得的;相当于??的价值 n. 价值;作用 adj. [古]值钱的 (1)be well worth doing sth. 非常值得做某事 be worth the money/effort/a try 值得花钱/努力/一试

be worth it

值得一干,值得花精力(或时间)
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(2)worthy adj. 值得的,配得上的,可敬的 of sth. 值得,配得上 be worthy of being done 值得做 to be done (3)It is worthwhile doing sth. /to do sth. 做某事是值得的

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①In my opinion,this film is well worth seeing. 依我看来,这部电影很值得一看。 ②The place is worthy of a visit/worthy of being visited/worthy to be visited.

这个地方值得参观。
③It is worthwhile to discuss the plan again.

这个计划值得再讨论一次。
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④His suggestion is worth considering. (句型转换) consideration =His suggestion is worth _____________.

=His suggestion is worthy of _____________. consideration
being considered =His suggestion is worthy of ______ ___________. to be considered =His suggestion is worthy ___ ___ __________. considering his __________. =It is worthwhile ___________ ____ suggestion to consider his __________. =It is worthwhile __ ________ ___ suggestion
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4. in search of 寻找,搜寻,寻求 ①He moved to the United States in search of a better life. 他移

居美国寻求更好的生活。
②Visitors are regularly searched as they enter the building. 参

观者在进入大楼时要接受例行的搜身检查。

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【辨析】理解下列区别并选词填空 为介词短语,表示“寻找”时,在句中可作状 语、定语、表语、宾语补足语等,也可用in a/the/one’s search for来替换。 作及物动词表“搜查”,宾语可以是人,意为 “对某人进行搜身”,如果宾语是表地点的名 词,则意为“搜查某个地方”。

in search of

search

search for search. . . for. . .

意为“搜寻”,常指花费很大的力气去寻找某 个特定的人或物,相当于look for。
意为“为寻找??而搜查??”。
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searching for ③Many neighbours joined the couple, ____________ the missing boy. in search of ④The police started off ____________ the possible clues which would help find the suspects.

searched ⑤They have ________ every room in the hotel, but found
nothing valuable. searched ⑥The police ________ the house ____ the hidden drugs. for
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5. belong to 属于;为??的一员 (1)belong to表示“是??的财产(属于)/是??的组成部分

(属于)/是??的成员(属于)”。不用于被动语态和进行时
态。 (2)belong还可用于除to以外的其他介词或副词前面,表示“某 人/某物处在适当的位置;在这个地方正合适/有用”。

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①Who does this watch belong to? 这块手表是谁的? ②Put it back where it belongs after you have read it. 读完后,请你把它放回原处。 belonging to ③China is a country ___________ __ the Third World. 中国是一个属于第三世界的国家。

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【真题链接】 [2009重庆,30]Professor Williams keeps telling his students

that the future ______ to the well-educated.
A. Belongs B. is belonged

C. is belonging

D. will be belonged

【解析】选A。belong to没有被动语态,不用于进行时,因此

本题的正确选项只能是A项。
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6. Frederick William Ⅰ, the King of Prussia, could never have

imagined that his greatest gift to the Russian people would have
such an amazing history. 普鲁士国王腓特烈· 威廉一世绝不可能想到他送给俄罗斯人民的 厚礼竟会有这样一段令人惊讶的历史。 (1)本句中could never have imagined意为“绝不可能想到”。 (2)英语中could have done意为“本可以??;本来能够??”, 表示某事过去有可能发生,但事实上并没有发生。couldn’t

have done 表示“过去不可能做过??,一定没有做过某事”。 点击进入相应模块

(3)“情态动词+完成时”结构经常用来表示对过去所发生事情
的推测。 could have done 过去本来能够做?? could not/never have done过去不可能做过?? must have done过去一定做过?? might have done过去可能做过?? should have done过去本应该做(实际上没有做)
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shouldn’t have done过去本不应该做(实际上已经做了)

needn’t have done 过去没有必要做(实际上却做了)
would have done过去本来会做??

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①He could have arrived before 8: 00,but he missed the early
bus. 他本来能在8点之前到的,可他没有赶上早班公共汽车。 ②You couldn’t have bought such an expensive car. You must have borrowed it from a rich friend. 你不可能买一辆这么昂贵 的车。你肯定是从一个富朋友那里借的。

③When you spoke in front of 300 people, you must ____ ____ ____ have been
________. 面对300人讲话,你一定感到紧张了。 nervous
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7. There is no doubt that the boxes were then put on a train for K?nigsberg, which was at that time a German city on the

Baltic Sea.
毫无疑问,这些箱子后来被装上火车运往哥尼斯堡,当时德国 在波罗的海边的一个城市。 There is no doubt that. . . 意为“毫无疑问??”,是固定句式。

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(1)当名词doubt用在否定句中时,后面接that引导的同位语从 句;用在肯定句中时,后面接whether引导的同位语从句。注 意不可以用if替换whether。 (2)及物动词doubt后接名词、代词或宾语从句。在否定句和疑 问 句中 ,doubt 后 面接 that引 导 的 宾语 从 句 ; 在肯 定 句 中 , doubt后面一般接whether或if引导的宾语从句。

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①There is no doubt at all that we did the right thing. 毫无疑问我们做得对。 ②There is some doubt whether he can win the first prize. 他是否能赢得一等奖还有些疑问。 whether/if ③I doubt __________ the new one will be any better. 我不敢肯定这个新的是否会好些。 that ④I never doubted _____ she would come. 我从未怀疑过她会来。
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1. design n. 设计;图案;构思 vt. 设计;计划,构思 by design (=on purpose) design sb. /sth. to do sth. design sb. /sth. for. . . be designed for/to do sth. 故意地;蓄意地 打算让??从事?? 打算让??用作某种目的 计划做;打算用来做
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①These exercises are designed to develop and strengthen muscles. 这些运动是为了增强肌肉力量而设计的。

is designed for ②This house __ ________ ___ a large family.
这所房子适合大家庭居住。 is designed to test ③The experiment __ ________ __ ____ the new drug. 这个实验的目的是想测试这种新药品。

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2. take apart 拆开;拆散

①It’s easy to take a watch apart but difficult to put it together
again. 把表拆开容易, 再装起来难。 ②Pat took apart the TV set and spread the bits all over the carpet. 帕特拆开电视机,把零件散置在地毯上。

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【拓展】 tell apart fall apart live apart 区分;分辨 崩溃;土崩瓦解; 破碎 分开居住

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选用上面方框中的短语填空 fell apart ③Their marriage finally___________. tell apart ④It’s difficult to ___________ the two girls.

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3. think highly of 看重;器重 ①We think highly of their research in this field. 我们高度赞扬他们在这一领域的研究。

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【拓展】 翻译以下短语 think much/well of think ill/poorly/little/nothing of speak highly of speak well of speak ill of

重视,对??评价好 ____________________
不重视,对??评价不好 ________________________ 高度赞扬?? ______________ 称赞;说??的好话 ____________________ 诋毁;说??的坏话 ___________________
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【点津】

在以上短语中,副词修饰语在主动句中放在动词之后,在被动
句中通常放在be动词和过去分词之间。

②Pop music is well thought of by most young people.
大多数年轻人对流行音乐很赞赏。

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(1) in return和in turn等的辨析 (2)“疑问词+ 不定式”结构用法

(3)fancy的用法

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1. I greeted the teacher with “hello”,and the teacher gave me a
sweet smile ______. A.by turns C.in turn B.in return D.for return

【解析】选B。句意:我向老师问好,老师则对我报以甜美的 微笑。in return“作为报答;回报”,符合句意。by turns轮流, 依次, 交替地;in turn轮流地,依次, 相应地。
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2. It’s dark and little Anne can’t find her way home. She really doesn’t know ______.

A.when to leave
C.whether to do

B.what to do
D.which to choose

【解析】选B。句意:天黑了,小安妮找不到回家的路,她真
不知道怎么办。本题考查“疑问词+不定式”作宾语,句中 what to do相当于what she will do。
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3. ______ inviting guests and not treating them properly!

A.Strangely
C.Surprisingly

B.Fantastically
D.Fancy

【解析】选D。句意:真没想到邀请了客人却没好好地招待他
们。fancy后接动名词作宾语,意为“竟然, 真想不到”, 其他

选项不可用于此结构。

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