必修一 unit 1-2 Ⅰ .词汇知识 1 ． ____________(adj.) 心烦意乱的；不安的；不适的 2 ． ____________(vt.) 不理睬；忽视 →3．____________(v.)(使)平静；(使)镇定 4．____________(vt.)(使)担忧；涉及；关系到→____________(adj.)担心的；忧虑的 5．____________(
adv.)在户外；在野外 6．____________(adj.)整个的；完全的；全部的→ ____________(adv.)完全地；全然地；整个地 7．____________(n.)黄昏；傍晚 8．____________(n.)能力；力量；权力→____________(adj.)强大地] 9．____________(adj.)积满灰尘的 10．____________ (adj.)官方的，正式的，公务的 11．____________ (adj.)本国的，本地的 12．____________ (vt.)以……为根据→(n.)基地，基础 13．____________ (n.)词汇，词汇量 14．____________ (adj.)逐渐的；逐步的→____________ (adv.) 15．____________ (adv.)实际上；事实上→____________ (adj.)实际的 16．____________ (adj.)较后的；后半的→____________ (反义词)以前的 17．____________ (adj.)流利的；流畅的→____________ (adv.)流利地；流畅地 18．____________ (adj.)频繁的；常见的→____________ (adv.)常常；频繁地 Ⅱ .重点短语 1．add________ 合计 2．calm(...)________ (使)平静下来；(使)镇定下来 3．have got ________ 不得不；必须 4．be concerned ________ 关心；挂念 5．________the dog 遛狗 6．go________ 经历；经受 7．set________ 记下；放下；登记 8．a ________of 一连串的；一系列；一套 9．________purpose 故意 10．________order to 为了…… 11．________dusk 在黄昏时刻 12．face________face 面对面地 13．________longer/not...any longer 不再…… 1． ________ the world 全世界 2． ________ the end of the 16th century 在十六世纪末 3．because ________ 因为，由于 4．come ______ __ 走近；上来；提出 5．even ________ 即使；尽管 6．be based ________ 建立在……之上；以……为基础 7．________ present 现在，目前 8．make use ________ 利用；使用 9．a large number ________ 大量的；许多的 10．such ________ 例如……；像这种的 Ⅲ .必背句型 1．Your friend comes to school_________________. 你的朋友来上学时心情很不好。 2．________________________，you were careless and it got loose and was hit by a car. 遛狗时你不小心，把狗松开了，狗被汽车撞了。 3．She and her family hid away for nearly twenty five months__________________________. 她与家人躲藏了将近二十五个月后被发现了。 4．I wonder if______________I haven’t been able to be outdoors for so long____________I’ve grown so crazy about everything to do with nature. 我不知道是不是因为我长久无法出门的 缘故，我变得对一切与大自然有关的事物都无比狂热。 5． I can well remember that__________________________a deep blue sky， the song of the birds， moonlight and flowers could never have kept me spellbound. 我记得非常清楚，以前，湛蓝的天空、鸟儿的歌唱、月光和鲜花，从未令我着迷过。 6．The dark，rainy evening，the wind，the thundering clouds held me entirely in their power；
________________in a year and a half that I’d____________the night face to face... 漆黑的夜晚，风雨交加，电闪雷鸣，我全然被这种力量震住了，这是我一年半以来第一次目 睹夜晚…… 7．____________________________these any longer because nature is one thing that really must be experienced. 观看这些已经不再是乐趣，因为大自然是必须亲身体会的。 1．Do you know that there is ________________ kind of English ？ 你知道世界上有不止一种英语吗？ 2．Native English speakers can understand each other ________________ they don’t speak the same kin d of English.以英语作为母语的人， 即使他们所讲的语言不尽相同， 也可以相互理解。 3．So why has English changed ________________？ 那么为什么英语随着时间的推移发生变化了呢？ 4． It was based ________ on German ________ the English we speak ________________.当时的 英语更多的是以德语为基础，而我们今天所说的英语不是。 Ⅳ 单项填空 1．In order to solve the problem as soon as possible，they had a________discussion. A．face to face B．face to face C．faces to faces D．faces to faces 2．John thinks it won’t be long________he is ready for his new work. A．when B．After C．before D．since 3．After the long journey，the three of them went back home，________. A．hungry and tiredly B．hungry and tired C．hungrily and tiredly D．hungrily and tired 4．I arrived half an hour earlier ________ I had time to talk with him before the meeting. A．as soon as B．as a result C．in order to D．so that 5．—I was really anxious about you. —I’m terribly sorry.I ________ home without a word. A．mustn’t leave B．shouldn’t have left C．could have left D．need have left 6．The old farmer’s face looks brown because he works ________ all day. A．indoors B．outdoors C．indoor D．outdoor 7．She’s all alone here，and it seems rather unkind to ________her. A．miss B．tip C．ignore D．swap 8．—What’s the matter with Rod? —I think he’s still________that we forgot his birthday. A．excited B．loose C．upset D．glad 9．While________in Scotland，he made friends with the natives there. A．working B．worked C．he works D．he is working 10．It is the third time that China________people into space. A．has sent B．sends C．will send D．had sent 11．(2011 年荆州高一检测)Ellen is________in both English and French，which gives her an advantage over others. A．practical B．grateful C．exact D．fluent 12．(2011 年聊城高一检测)Mr.Green________goes to the park for a walk with some friends after supper.
A．frequently B．Immediately C．completely D．finally 13．Of these two basketball teams，the former comes from the US；the________comes from England. A．late B ．later C．latter D．lately 14．(2011 年长春高一检测)Only time will________whether I have made the right choice or not. A．see B．know C．say D．tell 15．—What is the________language of India? —English. A．entire B．native C．official D．normal 16．The number of people invited________fifty，but a number of them________absent for different reasons. A．were；was B．was；was C．was；were D．were；were 17．Many students believe that the choice of their courses and universities should________their own interest. A．be based on B．base on C．be basing on D．base at 18． My parents and I are flying to London for a holiday and I’ll________the chance to practice my spoken English. A．come up with B．make use of C．get along with D．get tired of Ⅴ .阅读理解 There are three different kinds of friends in our life.I classify (分类) them according to how well I know them and how well they know me. The first type of friend is just an acquaintance (熟人).This means that you only know their name.You might not even remember what they look like if you go away for a short vacation.You don’t miss them when they are elsewhere.It is also this type of friend who gives you the most amount of aggravation (恼怒).Since most of the time you are placed in a position where you have to act friendly.You would not normally tell an acquaintance when he or she is doing something that makes you feel angry，such as tapping the fingers on a table or shouting loudly.I call them “pest friends”. The second kind of friend is a “guest friend”.They are just social partners.You meet them at a certain location and at the end of the meeting you go your separate way and they go theirs.You don’t talk too often with this sort of friend，and you don’t share each other’s secrets. Lastly，we have “best friends”.This sort of friend is there when you need them.They know you as a person and they are there through thick and thin.Best friends are the ones that you can lean and depend on no matter what happens.If you need a listening ear，they will be the one to lend support. Friends come in all different shapes and sizes.Every friend has an impact on our life.... 1．What is this passage mainly about? A．What a true friend is like. B．Three kinds of friends in our life. C．The role that friends play in our life. D．Why there are different kinds of friends. 2． According to the writer， when a friend of the first type acts in an annoying way， you ________. A．can tell him/her about it directly B．should stay away from him/her C． should advise him/her to correct his/her behavior D． may find it hard to tell him/her not to do so
3．Which of the following statements is WRONG about the second type of friend? A．They are only social partners. B．You don’t talk very often with them. C．You don’t share your secrets with them. D．They are called “pest friends” by the writer. 4．If someone is with you through thick and thin，it means ________. A．he/she is your best friend for sure B．he/she agrees with whatever you say C． you spend most of your time together D． he/she is with you even when there are difficulties
If you want to become a fluent English speaker you should take some advice： There are four skills in learning English.They are reading，listening，speaking，and writing.The most important thing you must remember is that if you want to improve your speaking and writing skills you should first master the skills of reading and listening. Read as much as you can.But your reading must be active.It means that you must think about the meaning of the sentence，the meaning of the unfamiliar words，etc.There is no need for you to pay much attention to grammars or try to understand all the unfamiliar words you_come_across，but the fact that you see them for the first time and recognize them whenever you see them ， for example in other passages or books ， is enough.It would be better to prepare yourself a notebook so you can write down the important words or sentences in it. As for listening，there are two choices：besides reading，you can listen every day for about 30 minutes.You can only pay attention to your reading and become skillful at your reading，then you can catch up on your listening.Si nce you have lots of inputs in your mind，you can easily guess what the speaker is going to say.This never means that you should not practice listening. For listening you can listen to cartoons or some movies that are specially made for children.Their languages are easy.Or if you are good at listening you can listen to VOA or BBC programs every day.Again the thing to remember is being active in listening and preferably taking some notes. If you follow these pieces of advice， your speaking and writing will improve automatically， and you can be sure that with a little effort they will become perfect. 1．According to the author，which should you improve first among the four skills? A．Reading and listening. B．Reading and writing. C．Writing and speaking. D．Speaking and listening. 2．To improve your reading，when you read you should________. A．look up all the new words in the dictionary B．think about what you are reading actively C． spend more time studying grammars D． copy as many words and sentences as possible 3．The underlined phrase“come across” in Paragraph 2 can probably be replaced be “________”. A．meet by accident B．Discover C．find on purpose D．look for 4．The passage is mainly about how to________. A．choose suitable listening materials B．deal with new words in reading C． improve your English as quickly as possible D． become fluent in speaking and writing English