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人教版高二英语选修8 Unit1 A


Unit 1 A land of diversity
Warming Up

What do you think of when you read the unit title? A land of diversity

a land of different cultures

The Statue of Liberty

The White House

Wall Street

Hollywood Film City

The Central Park

How much do you know about the USA?

The United States of America

Which city is the capital of the USA? A.New York B.Washington D.C.

C.Los Angeles

Who is the President of America now?

A.
Bill Clinton

B.

George W. Bush

C.
George H.W. Bush

D.

Barack Obama

How many states are there in the USA?

A. 45
B. 52 C. 34 D. 50

Which state is the largest one in the

USA? A. New York B. Texas C. California D. Florida ____ has the largest population in the USA. A. California B. Alaska C. Washington D. Texas

Star-Spangled Banner
13 stripes —— the original 13 colonies Red---- courage

White------ freedom
Blue------

loyalty and justice
50 stars—— Each star represents one state

Canada
Seattle Detroit San Francisco Los Angeles Pacific Ocean Atlanta
New York

Boston

Chicago

Philadelphia Washington, D.C

Atlantic Ocean

Mexico

Houston Miami

national holiday: official name: Independence Day, 4 July The United States of America languages: English major U.S.A. cities: capital city : New York Washington Los Angeles DC Chicago Houston…

California

Skimming: Reading Comprehension II True or False
the third largest 1.California is the largest state in the USA and has the largest population. suffered greatly 2.The native Americans are treated well after the arrival of Europeans. 3.Of the first Spanish to go to California, the majority were religious men.

True or False
4. In the early 1800s, Russian hunters began settling in California. few 5.Duing Gold Rush Period, many achieved their dream of being rich.

6.It is believed that soon there will be only a mixture of many races and cultures.

Careful reading

Read the passage paragraph by paragraph and answer the questions.

Native Americans :
1.Time: 15000 years ago

2. How did the first people travel to California ?
They crossed the Bering Strait in the Arctic to America by means of a land bridge which existed in prehistoric times.

3.What happened in the sixteenth century? ?were killed by European ?were forced into slavery Native ? died from the disease Americans ?survived the terrible times

Native American Indian

one of the first people to live in California.

The Spanish
Fill in the form:(note down an important events) 16th century 18th century
Spanish soldiers arrived and took their land California was ruled by Spain

in 1846
Mexico gave California to the United States

in 1821
California became part of Mexico

Influence: today over 40% of Californians speak Spanish as a first or second language

Russians
3. How many Russian-Americans living in and around San Francisco? About 25,000.

Gold miners
4. When was gold discovered? In 1848. 5. Who went to California to search for gold?
South Americans, people from the United States and adventurers from Europe and Asia.

A gold miner—the discovery of gold in California created a gold rush which brought people from all over the world to California.

Stage

People

Time

Event Moved from Mexico Built the railway Fished and made wine Established a town Developed industry Farmed Worked in ship& aircraft industry

Africans
Chinese

1800s
1860s Late 1800s 1911 By 1920s Early 20th 1942~ 1945

Later arrivals

Italians Denmark Jewish Japanese Africans

Stage

People Indians Pakistanis Cambodians Koreans Vietnamese

Time 1970s

Event Worked in computer industry

recent arrivals

Recent decades

Immigrated

the future

Different parts of the world

Future

Immigrated

Skimming: Reading Comprehension II True or False
the third largest 1.California is the largest state in the USA and has the largest population. suffered greatly 2.The native Americans are treated well after the arrival of Europeans. 3.Of the first Spanish to go to California, the majority were religious men.

True or False
few 4.Duing Gold Rush Period, many achieved their dream of being rich. 5.It is believed that soon there will be only a mixture of many races and cultures.

Later arrivals and most recent arrivals
6. In which two cities are Chinatowns? In Los Angeles and San Francisco.

A building in Chinatown, San Francisco—Many Chinese have settled in California and many of them live in Chinatown in San Francisco.

Chinatowns in California

Skimming: Reading Comprehension I
1. The passage focuses on the ______. A. population of California B. customs and languages of California C. people of California D. history of California 2. No specific group is mentioned in ____. A. NATIVE AMERICANS B. GOLD MINERS C. THE FUTURE D. LATER ARRIVALS

How many kinds of people are mentioned in this text? Most Recent Arrivals
Native Americans

people
Later Arrivals The Spanish Gold Miners Russians

Native Americans
1.Time: 15000 years ago

2.Where did they come from:

from Asian to Alaska
3.What happened in the sixteenth century? ?were killed by European ? were forced into slavery Native ?died from the disease Americans ?survived the terrible times

The Spanish
Fill in the form:(note down an important events) 16th century 18th century
Spanish soldiers arrived and took their land California was ruled by Spain

in 1846
Mexico gave California to the United States

in 1821
California became part of Mexico

Influence: today over 40% of Californians speak Spanish as a first or second language

Russians & Gold Miners
Do some T or F questions: 1.In the early 1800s, Russian hunters began settling in California. after the American-Mexican 2.In 1848, before war, gold was discovered in California. 3.There are about 25,000 RussianAmericans living in San and Francisco. around San Francisco 4.California become the thirty-first state of the United states of America in 1850.

Stage

People

Time

Event Moved from Mexico Built the railway Fished and made wine Established a town Developed industry Farmed Worked in ship& aircraft industry

Later arrivals

Africans
Chinese Italians Denmark Jewish

1800s
1860s Late 1800s 1911 By 1920s

Japanese Early 20th Africans 1942~ 1945

Stage

People Indians Pakistanis

Time 1970s

Event Worked in computer industry

Recent arrivals

Cambodians Recent Immigrated Koreans decades Vietnamese

Future

Different parts of the world

Future

Immigrated

Summary
California is _______________state in the USA the third largest and it also has the distinction of being the most

_____________state in the USA. The first settlers multicultural crossed _______________from ____and arrived in the Bering Strait Asia
California. The native _______________suffered greatly Americans after the arrival of Europeans in the _____century. 16th In the 18th century, __________was ruled by _____ California Spain

until _________the people of Mexico gained their 1821
independence from Spain. California then became part of________. Mexico But after the American-Mexican war in 1846, California was given back to the USA.

In 1848, in California gold was__________, discovered which
_________people from all over the world to arrive attracted there to achieve their dreams of______________. becoming rich

In 1850, California became the _____state of the 31st
USA as a multicultural ____________society. Attracted by

the__________________, climate and lifestyle more and more people from different parts of the world having been
_________________California, including Asians, immigrating to Africans, Americans and Europeans. In the near future, California will become ____________many a mixture of

races and cultures _______ without any major racial or
cultural groups.

Review the period of each cultural group, in which they first came to California in large numbers.

Spanish:______________________ in the early 16th century Russians:___________ early 1800s Africans:___________ 1800s

Chinese:_______________________ late 1840s / early 1850s
Italians:_____________________ in the late 19th century

Danish:________ 1911

1920s Jewish:________

Japanese:__________________________ beginning of the 20th century

Koreans:____________________ from about the 1970s
Cambodians:____________________ from about the 1970s Vietnamese:_____________________ in more recent decades

Pakistanis:____________________ from about the 1970s

Think?
Why is California in the 21st century such a multicultural community? Have a discussion with your group members.

The state of California is a multicultural community because European, African and Asian people have been immigrating to the state for the last 200 years. Before their arrival, Native American people had lived there for thousands of years. People from all over the world are still coming to settle in California because of its good climate and the lifestyle it offers.

Imagine you are a Californian. Introduce California to the tourists from China.

Homework
1. Prepare for the Role Playing 2. Review the new words . 3.Read the text carefully and finish Ex. 1 of Learning English.


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