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英语前缀讲解


前缀
表倾向

方向+态度

1. com-/con-/co- 表示“共同、一起、两者、都”

contest
contestant

protest
protester

commemorate
coincide compromise

r />
confront
coincident ? coincidence
“踢死”组合

combat

ba=打 battle 一起打?斗争

啪!

combat crime

criminal

bat

batman
heated debate concerning

debate

acrobat 在空中打架

acrobatics

cohabitation habitat reside ← dwell

inhabit
resident dwelling

inhabitant
residence

local dweller locate

locals

location

coordinate co?ordin?ate v. order subordinate 下 adj./n.

conform

form 形式;表格 format

reform

transform 使变形,丑恶
formulate

transformer deform
formula recipe

reluctant

refuge

relic nightmare

阿姨嬉皮
lure feature bore

coeducation cohere v.i. coherent coherence

? inherent
adhere ? cling to adherent adj./人

com?memor?ate
compile 编纂 coexist collaborate collaborative pile stack “排”?一堆,建筑群

concentrate focus center

on

concentrated 全神贯注的,集中的

confirm
infirm ? correlate relatively

consent

sent-/sens- 感觉

consensus
sensation sensitive ? sensitivity

resent
sensational sensible ? sensibility fundamental detrimental 待炊

sentimental

co之间的区别

con有加强之意,”啃”
to or with? con一般接to,其他的co一般接with contribute to give rise to, bring about

遵守的差别
observe comply with →← ply 折 reply ? apply adhere to conform to complicated
? imply
?

abide by

implicit explicit

applicant,applicable,appliance

B.de


?

de= 向下,去掉,否定,加强 fect=做

delicate

defect

infect

infectious

swine flu

swan

eagle influential

influence influentials
contagion

contagious

contaminate

affect vt. 影响;感动 ?n. effect ? ? 效果;作用;影响 ? ? a. effective 有效的

affection 喜爱;感情 ?a. affectionate 充满感情的;带着爱意的 have affection for 喜爱

side effect 副作用
effectively address 有效地解决

an affectionate kiss 深情的吻

have a positive/~ effect on 对……产生积极、消极的影响

depress

↓压 depressive depressed depression compress expression impress impressive

press

express degrade

oppress

suppress

使降级,降低人格/价格/降解....
biodegradable

↑ upgrade

=better

depict
赶走怪物

↓画画?描绘

demonstrate/portray
撒在码头上的光

As is depicted apparently in the illustration,.......

↓ derive

人从河边起源 from derivation thrive boom prosperous

deprive

devastate ↓ v.t.

把广大去掉了?

?

deflate


flatter
f摸后面?

↑ inflate

How to start a conversation?

flattering others....
Wow, I like your.... Thank you!/I am flattered!

decapitate
头 capital, captain, capture,captive
deduce

引 introduce ? induce conduct →← conductor

insulate

deflower

把花往下..? look down upon

despise
看 spy

scorn
死玉米!

scornfully

stable
死桌子

belittle

小样~

little B!

disdain

C.dis

dis=←→,?
disable enable disabled disability

disapprove

prove?

approve (of )

approval n.

discard ? discord

烂牌,老子不要了!

debate, dispute 悬而未决
dismember ←→ 人,成员

?一致 according to
dishearten 使 ?

display
←→ 放映

disregard

regardless of

nourish
爱吹牛

distribute
贡品

nutrition

attribute

contribute

disadvantageous



demerit
开心!

merit
Merry X?mas!

discern
心?

concern

discernible

discourage courage C - our - age

courageous dis?crimin?ate ? 罪犯
←→ 谁是罪犯!!

?歧视 +against ?区分 =discern

dismiss
←→丢 ?解雇,解散

differ v.i.

People?s perspectives differ dramatically!

disrupt
<星火>闪光点: 1.★rupt 2....(dis=分开, rupt=断)

3.找到最容易的词理解词根的意思 interrupt

←→

disrupt

断开?打断 一下就断了?突然地 一起断了,堕落了?腐败,损坏

abruptly
→←

corrupt
bribe bride

bribe

不要! bride bright!

disrupt abruptly corrupt ? erupt bankruptcy volcano
我靠!NO!

断了喷出去?爆发

well

v.i.

disagree
discontinue = disfavor distract “拽”?拉
→← ?

disbelieve
give up

attract attractive attraction tractor

contract contractor

extract

It is one thing to/that........; it is quite another to/that.....

D. en

en/em= 使得,进入 enact 使成法律 engage ?颁布

“给”?忙于,致力,订婚 embarrass enrich
lengthen

prolong →

enlighten enroll enclose disclose

enforce 用力?实施

enhance ?high?
heighten

enlist

? 名单? 招收

entitle 使有头衔?命名,赋予权利 entitle sb. to sth./doing sth. prep.

embody 使有身体??

使具体,体现

strengthen
? embark 棍子,栅栏

反: corrupt barrier barrister barricade

encounter
count count on/count out

make everyday count! accountant/accounting counter n./v./a. cs can?t! encounter come across
counterpart

?

E. ex

ex/e=往外 exact exceed exhibit ★exceedingly

exhibit interest in exhibit no/special/strong interest in

↓external internal maternal paternal pa?rental intrinsic

exterior interior extrinsic

superior
inferior

? ↓elaborate
exaggerate “阿哥”?做事的,做 agent, agency agile agitate

adj./v. agriculture ? agenda 做事情的日历 “爱激他”?煽动,使不安

? excel in

excellent adj.

fantastic fantasy fantasize fabulous fable outstanding 木秀于林 stand out unique uniquely

exceptional exceptionally

单 unit union unicorn

prominent ?名 ? ? eminent remarkable remarkably high

声名远播 名声在外
prestige(ous)

event went = 走 曲终人散 eventual

?

incident affair issue

scandal/ gossip

adventure adventurer adventurous
venture advent joint-venture ventilate
不通风就死了~

with the ~ and advancement of

convention conventional

?

extinguish sting
←→

extinction extinct
bite

distinguish distinguished distinction instinct distinct distinctive

intuition 凸?直~~觉

exhaust
一个早死的 ~

exhausting

exhausted exhaustive ? eliminate

exclude 关 include conclude →← preclude
预先 predict prevent ?

exclusive extravagant luxurious
拿个’jewelry来!

recluse

luxury

F. in

in=里边,向里边 inborn inlet ↓insight

=innate outlet n./v.t. have ~ into

↓immigrate 移民 v.i.
immigrant 人

emigrate migrate
migrant adj.

↑illuminate 一路明 illu=光
illusion illustrate illustration cast light on

?

impart with jeopardy
leopard

impair
pair or couple ?

Not every couple is a pair.

jeopardize
捡破袋子; 剪破袋子

incline ↑ climb? decline influential

in还可以表示↑, increase inflate v.i.倾斜,赞同,趋向; v.t. 使倾向于,点头 n. 斜坡,斜面

exert positive/negative ~ on have impact/ effect on

inject →射 ? project

? eject reject ?

jet

↓invade “挖”?空 invader invasion

趁虚而入

evade tax evasion vacant vacancy invalid valid

avail
?空地?撤离,疏散

evacuate

G.in/im/ir

im/in/ir+adj.=反义词 inaccessible incomparable= infamous reputation matchless

⊕ fame famous
? notorious Motor note v.

ignoble = 被注意?望族

humble

It was the best of times, it was the worst of times, it was the age of wisdom, it was the age of foolishness, it was the epoch of belief, it was the epoch of incredulity, it was the season of Light, it was the season of Darkness, it was the spring of hope, it was the winter of despair, we had everything before us, we had nothing before us, we were all going direct to Heaven, we were all going direct the other way.

irrelevant relate

relevance between relevant to insist on

irresistible sist 坐
assist in

consist of
resist ?

in persist persistent (in)consistent consistency boycott resistence

ignorant

negligible

ignore

可以被忽略?

neglect 我 和 你 The ignorant are always ignorant of their ignorance.
immature

mature

premature maturation

irrational
national

irremediable inaudible
irregular

remedy n./v.t.

invisible invisibility cloak
irreligious

每一个region里都有各自的religion

immortal
immoral illiterate literal literally

mortal 冒得头 mortality/morality

moral 妈妈口头上 morale

liter=文字,letter literature

abso-fucking-lutely!
thoughtful

literate considerate 吃→食字的

impartial
To be loved, to be lovable! smile!? forward ? touched ?

H.inter

在内部/之间,往内 inter=Intel inside intercept interplay n. 作用?相互作用/影响 between interchange interpret 英语特别好 n./v.t.=exchange interpreter interpretation

interfere ?fierce

with

interference

intervene ?went + interpersonal skills
interval

in

intervention

at hourly/.... intervals

interface ? integrate
integration disintegrate ? integrity entire with 合并,使完整 结合,整体 (使)分裂,解体

integral

I.over

over=过来,上面,太过了 come on over overburden v.t.
overcrowded overestimate

overall
overburdened overnight ? underestimate

overrate

underrate

Human nose is an underrated tool.

overcoat
french kiss wrench wrist

trench coat

waist

waist coat

quench trench baich

困死了zzz~ heart-wrenching

overdo overflow overcome

overreact

come over

shortcoming
outcome drawback

n.
draw drawer withdraw

setback

overeat
overlook overwhelm wheel? overwhelming

overdrink

overturn overthrow
overwhelmingly

be overwhelmed with

Three passions, simple but overwhelmingly strong, have governed my life: the longing for love; the search for knowledge; and the unbearable pity for the suffering of mankind.
--Bertrand

Russell

J.pro

pro=? 向前 proceed profit
benefit

lead on

+with/to do

profitable profitability
beneficial

progress 走

regress

aggress aggressive aggression

promote move
sale bargain

promotional

robbery

It?s a sheer robbery! shear

proficient

fac/fec/fic 做

factory manufacture
benefactor facile facility

factory 地方 fishery
nursery
infirmary

refinery

observatory
depository

facilitate

feceffect affect

ficefficient cost-efficiency

affection affectionate

?

sufficient deficient ↓

surplus deficit

proficient ?
professional

?

provoke
voice

provocative

advocate v.i./n.
?

evoke revoke

irrevocable contract

K. pre

pre=之前 precaution preface prehistoric present presentation presume 拿 assume resume consume

cautious
precede be preceded by

predecessor
unprecedented

assumption

predict 说 dictation dictator verdict
正(义)说话了

→← 射

commit

? ?

vertical

dedicate

1.委托 2.致力于 committed 3.犯 commitment committee commission $

blunder slip stagger

be dedicated to doing/n.

prefer preferable

preference

prejudice 先于justice pride and prejudice
pregnant preliminary elementary

prescribe 写 describe ascribe...to scribe

prescription

inscription 题字,铭文 inscribe 文 subscribe to subscription subscriber 本 donation n. conscript= enroll draft 都 写 script circumscribe manuscript ?

preside president
?

administer v.t. supervise

administration administrative
supervision supervisor

prevail 预先很多人用 prevailing prevalent

L.per

per=全

perceive 察觉到 conceive 构划出
deceive ↓ receive 收

Sign no more ladies,sign no more; men were deceivers ever; one foot in sea, the other on shore. concept

receiver receptive reception(ist)

perplex 全都complex permeate 全都是肉味! pervade 全部空间都有

bewilder v.t.

penetrate 用笔往里...

pervasive and prevalent

pet-追求

everlasting permanent
perpetual

competitive appetite appetizer
?

childlike/childis h

impetus

eternal

petition ? ↑? 要爱动物噢!!

naive innocent ? = incentive

M.sub

subconscious subject My happiness is subject to your happiness.? substance 站在下面的? substantial
基础 牢固

物质

大量

confidential confidence

suburb suburban adj. urban rural rude crude raw oil materijal submit 射 emit transmit missile mission missionary

urbanize
coarse

vulgar

submarine heroine Celine

-ine 女,阴性
-ess actress waitress hostess tigress fortress fort 为了保卫她

succeed successor successive
suspect doubt
SK-??

doubtful dubious

skeptical sceptical skeptic n. critic

suppress

press
depress compress impress impressive express oppress the oppressed

-B← B? →+B ↑ B ↑? -A← A →+A

? suppress

repress ←压抑,镇压

N.SUPER

sup/sur/sov=下往上,超越 superb

supersonic ? supreme ? surcharge

superstructure ? infrastructure infrared ? surpass exceed overtake

superior

superiority

A is superior to B in _______
100 w ? 80W 105m ? 60M

superficial facial supernatural supervise ? sovereign “ 苏维埃” surmount insurmountable

artificial surplus survive 生命 vital vigor VIVA revive

O. tele

tele ≠电 =远 telecommunication connection/connected telepathy teleview sympathy telescope range “远景” 范围 range(v.i.) from...to...

vary from...to...

P.trans

trans=传,转 transaction transform(ation) transit 走 exit tradition convention orthodox “author” transition transact a business

transcend

I?ve transcended numerous peaks/summits for you, regardless of all the perspectives and panoramas.
transfer 给 offer infer confer 位移? entitle sb.to impart sth. with endow sth.with grant

“卧佛”
with/on

ferry

transparent 颜色 opaque traitor betray integrity

apparently conspicuous

betrayal

treason

modesty

generosity

transcribe

transcript

transgress
Transgressing the border of morality, you and I stepped into the forbidden zone of love.

traverse 转 universe conversation controversy 反 contradiction discrepancy ←→creep

converse(ly) diversion divert diverse

aversion avert diversify

↑ invert
reverse ? convert 使皈依 使喜欢上 convert sb. to sth.

移植??

transplant

The most painful moment to me...

Q. un

un=否定 ab/dis/im unapproachable = inaccessible unconditional unbiased bias 两 bilateral 边 lace linguist(ics) bilingual delinquency multilateral multinational

unparalleled parallel 平行 paradise paralyze unreliable reliability unwilling paradoxical

paradox parasite parachute

unprecedented and unparalleled

unattainable ungenerous
unrest unworldly uncivilized unfeasible

feasible
feast festival

feasibility
banquet

nuisance

unorthodox

unquestionable untimely
unyielding yield timer timing

yielder

yielding

field unwavering

un=动作的反向 uncap undress unload unsettle unbind unclose unearth unlock

unwrap rap~

untie

unwrinkled wrinkle Years may wrinkle your skin, but to give up enthusiasm wrinkles your soul. unbutton uncover unfold unmask unveil will?veil

unarm

I wish i knew how to quit you.

R.re

re=往回,再次
recreate ?

the Creator creativity

refresh refreshment
entertainment diversion pastime amuse museum

redundant 一再的abundant

reinforce ?↑ ↓reproach scold swarm curse condemn damn! shit apeshit “星矢” “缘分”

recall ? hesitate ? ? reconcile
?→←

irreconcilable ponder over

contemplate tempt tempo baffle

recur
? 发生

occur incur morose restorative torture torment distortionist

↓remorse ↓restore ↓retort



distort

↓reunion
↓revise ? amend emend

recede recession ? ↓refrigerator ↓renew reveal ?view conceal 加强封印

rehearse

rehearsal

?
Fighting is lonely, ?cause success belongs to the minority; only if you can tolerate the loneliness that others can hardly bear, will you achieve the height that is out of the reach of them.


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