清远市 2014 届高三年级调研考试 英 语
注意事项： 1. 答卷前，考生务必用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔将自己的姓名和考生号、试室号、座位号 填写在答题卡上，并用 2B 铅笔在答题卡上的相应位置填涂考生号。用 2B 铅笔将试卷类 型（A）填涂在答题卡相应位置上。 2. 选择题每小题选出答案后， 用 2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目选项的答案信息点涂黑， 如需 改动，用橡皮擦
干净后，再选涂其他答案，答案不能答在试卷上。 3. 非选择题必须用黑色字迹钢笔或签字笔作答，答案必须写在答题卡各题目指定区域内相 应位置上；如需改动，先划掉原来的答案，然后再写上新的答案；不准使用铅笔和涂改 液。不按以上要求作答的答案无效。 4. 考生必须保持答题卡的整洁。考试结束后，将试卷和答题卡一并交回 I．语言知识及应用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节：完形填空（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从 1～15 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中，选出最佳选项， 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 If your life feels like it is lacking the power that you want and the motivation that you need, sometimes all you have to do is to shift your point of view. By choosing to take a 1 outlook on life, you can begin to shift out of a negative frame of mind and see life as filled with 2 and solutions instead of worries and obstacles. By training your thoughts to 3 on the bright side of things, you are more likely to have the incentive (刺激，奖励) to follow through on your goals. You are less likely to be held back by negative 4 that might limit your performance. Your life can be enhanced, and your 5 enriched when you choose to change your perspective. Don’t leave your future to chance, or wait for things to get 6 mysteriously on their own. You must go in the direction of your 7 and aspirations (抱负). Begin to build your confidence, and work through problems rather than 8 them. Remember that power is not 9 control over situations, but the ability to deal with whatever comes your way. Always 10 that good things are possible, and remember that mistakes can be lessons that lead to discoveries. Take your fear and 11 it into trust; learn to rise above 12 and doubt. Turn your “worry hours” into “productive hours”. Take the energy that you have wasted and direct it toward every 13 effort that you can be involved in. You will see beautiful things happen when you 14 yourself to experience the joys of life. You will find happiness when you adopt positive thinking into your daily routine and make it an 15 part of your world. 1. A. creative B. positive C. passive D. negative 2. A. responsibilities B. difficulties C. possibilities D. identities 3. A. reflect B. draw C. count D. concentrate 4. A. suggestions B. ideas C. situations D. circumstances 5. A. happiness B. willingness C. awareness D. business 6. A. better B. worse C. stronger D. weaker 7. A. worries B. hopes C. anxieties D. affairs 8. A. afford B. arrest C. allow D. avoid 9. A. rapidly B. reasonably C. necessarily D. deliberately 10. A. challenge B. choose C. boast D. believe 11. A. transplant B. put C. transform D. divide
12. 13. 14. 15.
A. discovery A. abundant A. allow A. impressive
B. mystery B. worthwhile B. advise B. available
C. curiosity C. wonderful C. forbid C. important
D. anxiety D. accurate D. force D. alternative
第二节：语法填空（共 10 小题，每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面短文， 按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求， 在空格处填入一个适当的词或 使用括号中词语的正确形式填空，并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 16-25 的相应位置上。 Phyllis Rawlins’ house was destroyed after a tornado(龙卷风) swept through her town of Kokomo, Ind., on Sunday. Last summer, she lost 16 husband of over 40 years, Edgar. In the tornado’s rubble(瓦砾), Rawlins searched 17 Edgar’s wedding ring. “Digging and praying. Digging and praying,” she told local station Fox 59. “It was everything to me, because that’s one thing that I had,” she said. Rawlins had been visiting family in Kentucky 18 the storm came through. She returned to find her home 19 (complete) in pieces. “This was the house that love built,” she told WTHR. Without her husband 20 her house, she was determined to find the ring. But locating it among the piles of rubble seemed to be 21 (hope). Somehow, her brother 22 (spot) something under a piece of the roof and called her over. The ring, 23 (bury) in the rubble, had turned up. “It was a miracle,” Rawlins said. “We both just hugged each other, crying. That was 24 I had searched and searched for,” When all was lost, 25 special ring he left was finally found. “I’m very strong with my faith, and I know that God is in control of everything, the good and the bad,” Rawlins said. II． 阅读（共两节，满分 50 分） 第一节：阅读理解（共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂 黑。 A Ahead of so-called Singles’ Day on the 11th of this month，2013, online sales have already begun peaking. The leading e-retail platform, tmall.com, has promoted its fifty-percent-off discount to lure consumers. They are also trying to attract buyers through social media. Vice President of tmall.com Wang Yulei says more than 20 thousand online stores have joined the Double 11 Day promotion campaign. This number has doubled. The final number of how many products going to be on sale has not been known yet. But so far, many more products planned to be put on shelves with discounts. During last year's Singles’ Day, tmall.com, together with taobao.com, reached a record of 19.1 billion yuan in sales volume, which considered a hallmark(品质证明) in the e-commerce history of China. Singles’ Day was first started by Chinese college students in the 1990s as the opposite of Valentine’s Day, a celebration for people without romantic partners. The timing was based on the date: Nov. 11—or double 11—for singles. Unattached young people would treat each other to dinner or give gifts to woo that special someone and end their single status. But now, the Singles’ Day has been promoted as a kind of grand craze just for the shopping season kicks-off, thanks to thousands of discounted products being promoted online. Taobao.com was the first big e-retail platform which used the double 11 idea to promote sales. Taobao.com reached one million yuan worth of sales volume on that day in 2009, when they first
promoted the Singles’ Day idea. In 2010, that volume increased to 936 million yuan. The figure climbed up to 5.3 billion yuan in 2011, putting huge demand on shipping services. The figure doubled in 2012. E-commerce is considered to be elbowing out the traditional retailing industry, but the reality is both sides are learning from each other. 26. During Singles’ Day, in order to attract customers, a dress sold at 250 yuan usually at tmall.com is _______. A. 500 B. 200 C. 100 D. 125 27. We can infer from the passage that _______. A. to get rid of the single status is the original wish for those who celebrate Double 11 Day B. more than 20 thousand products are to be participated in the promotion campaign C. Chinese University students don’t have any romantic partners D. taobao.com is the most popular network 28. Which of the following is the main idea of the passage? A. Why Singles’ Day is so popular. B. Singles’ Day promotes online sales. C. How people celebrate Singles’ Day. D. What the definition of Singles’ Day is. 29. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage? A. When taobao.com first promoted the Singles’ Day idea, it was a success. B. Taobao.com reached 2.65 billion yuan in 2012. C. E-commerce is going to replace traditional business. D. Tmall.com is the first to make use of the double 11 idea to push sales. 30. Where do you think is the passage taken from? A. A Science Textbook. B. A Science journal. C. A Newspaper. D. A book review. B Barefoot and dirty, the girl just sat and watched the people go by. She never tried to speak. Many people passed, but never did one person stop. The next day I decided to go back to the park, curious to see if the little girl would still be there. Right in the very spot as she was yesterday, she sat with the saddest look in her eyes. Today I was to make my own move and walk over to the little girl. As we all know, a park full of strange people is not a place for young children to play alone. As I began walking towards her, I could see the back of the little girl’s dress indicated a deformity(畸形). I smiled to let her know it was okay, I was there to help, to talk. I sat down beside her and opened with a simple “Hello”. I smiled and she shyly smiled back. We talked until darkness fell and the park was completely empty. I asked the girl why she was so sad. The little girl looked at me and with a sad face said, “Because I’m different.” I immediately said “That you are!” and smiled. The little girl acted even sadder. She said, “I know.” She looked at me and smiled. Slowly she stood to her feet, and said, “Really?” “Yes, dear, you’re like a little guardian angel sent to watch over all those people walking by.” She nodded her head “yes” and smiled, and with that she spread her wings and said with a twinkle in her eye, “I am. I’m your guardian angel.” I was speechless, sure I was seeing things. She said, “For once you thought of someone other than yourself, my job here is done.” Immediately I stood to my feet and said, “Wait, so why did no one stop to help an angel!?” She looked at me and smiled, “You’re the only one who could see me, and you believe it in your heart.” …and she was gone. And with that my life changed dramatically. So, when you think you’re all you have, remember, your angel is always watching over you. Mine is! 31. People just passed by the girl because _______.
A. they pretended not to see her B. she pretended to be poor C. they never thought of helping her D. they knew the author would help her 32. Which word can’t be used to describe the author? A. Considerate. B. Patient. C. Helpful. D. Powerful. 33. Why was the author speechless? A. He was shocked. B. He didn’t manage to help the girl. C. He thought he was cheated. D. He was in despair. 34. Which of the following statements is TRUE? A. The author smiled because he saw the girl was shy. B. The author had known that the girl was a real angel. C. The author believed that an angel was always watching him. D. The author decided to go back to the park because he was sure that the little girl would be there. 35. What does “You’re all you have” mean? A. You are ugly. B. You are alone. C. You are strong. D. You are rich. C Mrs. Amatuli was my teacher in the fourth grade. One day at lunch time, I was getting ready to eat my same old tuna fish (金枪鱼） sandwich and suddenly Mrs. Amatuli asked me if she could buy my sandwich from me. She explained that I could use the money to buy a hot lunch from the cafeteria. I was thrilled. I never bought my lunch at the cafeteria. It was too expensive for my family, and I always carried my lunch and brought the bag back home to use again the next day. My sandwiches were either bologna(大香肠）or tuna fish. It rarely varied beyond that. You can understand my delight when I had the opportunity to buy a hot lunch. When we finished lunch that day, Mrs. Amatuli took me aside and said she wanted to explain why she had bought my sandwiches. I really didn’t care why, but it gave me a few minutes of her precious attention so I was very quiet as she explained. You see, she was Catholic and she told me that Catholics didn’t eat red meat on Fridays—they ate fish on Fridays. Oh, I couldn’t wait to get home and tell my mama that from now on I wanted tuna fish on Fridays. After my mama understood why, she gladly fixed tuna fish for me on Fridays. She even fixed it on brown bread because she knew Mrs. Amatuli liked brown bread. From then on, every Friday I could get in line with the rest of the kids for a hot lunch. I didn’t care how many of the kids complained about cafeteria food—it tasted divine to me! I realize now that Mrs. Amatuli could have fixed herself a tuna sandwich of Friday. But she bought my sandwiches because she saw a little girl who was thrilled over the simple act of having a hot lunch. I will never forget her for her compassion and generosity and what I should do is to follow her example. 36. Mrs. Amatuli bought the writer’s sandwiches because ______. A. she was tired of cafeteria food B. she hated getting in line with kids C. she didn’t eat red meat on Friday D. she wanted to show care to the writer 37. What can we learn about the cafeteria food? A. It was terrific. B. It was terrible. C. The writer enjoyed it. D. Most kids were fond of it. 38. The underlined word“divine” in Paragraph 5 means ______. A. perfect B. sweet C unpleasant D. special 39. Which is TRUE according to the passage? A. Mrs. Amatuli enjoyed tuna fish. B. The writer couldn’t afford a hot lunch at the cafeteria. C. Catholics only eat tuna fish on Fridays.
D. Cafeteria provides coffee for customers. 40. Which of the following can best show the theme of this text? A. It is hard to please all. B. Better to give than to receive. C. Love makes the world go around. D. The more you offer, the more you are rewarded. D The first people who gave names to hurricanes were those who knew them best—the people of Puerto Rico. The small island of Puerto Rico is in the West Indies, off the coast of Florida. Often hurricanes pass near Puerto Rico or cross it on their way north. The people of Puerto Rico expect some of these unwelcome visitors every year. Each one is named after the saint’s day on which it arrives. Giving girls’ names to hurricanes is a fairly new idea. It all began with a story called “Storm,” written by George Stewart in 1941. In it a weatherman amused himself by naming storms after girls he knew. Weatherman of the U.S. Army and Navy used the same system during World War II. They were studying weather conditions over the Pacific Ocean. Whenever they spotted a storm, they gave it a girl’s name. The first one of the year was given a name beginning with A. The second one got a name beginning with B. They used all the letters from A to W. When the newspapers and radio follow the travels of a hurricane named Hazel and describe the damage she does, girls named Hazel are probably in for a little teasing by their friends. To keep out of trouble, the Weather Bureau says:” Any resemblance between hurricane names and the names of particular girls is purely accidental.” And really it is. Only two of the names may have been picked with one of which Orpha, it is reported, was taken from one of the girls working in a Weather Bureau office. Some women become angry because hurricanes are given their names. They sometimes complain to the Weather Bureau. But many other women are proud to see their names make headlines. They don’t even care that they are the names of destructive storms. Because more women seem to like it than dislike it, the Weather Bureau has decided to continue using girls’ names for hurricanes, and now men’s names are used as well. In some ways a hurricane is like a person. After it is born, it grows and develops, then becomes old and dies. Each hurricane has a character of its own. Each follows its own path through the world, and people remember it long after it is gone. So it seems natural to give hurricanes names, and to talk about them almost as if they were alive. 41. Hurricanes were first named after ________ . A. the amount of destruction they did B. the place they started C. the date on which they occurred D. the girl who first spotted it 42. The practice of giving girls’ names to hurricanes was started by ______ . A. a radio operator B. an author C. a sailor D. Orpha 43. Public reaction will probably cause the Weather Bureau to _____ . A. continue naming hurricanes after women B. name hurricanes after famous people only C. go back to using the days when they arrive D. use men’s names instead of girls’ names 44. It is natural to name hurricanes after people because ____ . A. few hurricanes are really destructive B. hurricanes are alive C. all hurricanes should be long remembered D. each hurricane has its own personality 45. What is the best title for the passage? A. The people of Puerto Rico know hurricanes best. B. How hurricanes get their names. C. The destruction hurricanes did. D. How hurricanes happen. 第二节 信息匹配（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分）
请阅读下列书籍的封面及基本信息： A. Approaching China Through Its Architecture This book introduces the full spectrum of Chinese architecture from ancient to contemporary times. It covers everything from imperial palaces to government offices, folk residences to temples, and gardens to bridges and pagodas, explaining not only their functions and physical structure, but also the general culture, aesthetics and philosophies that underlie them. The book tries to answer the question through 450 pictures of daily life in the Middle Kingdom from 1911 to 2012. They document changes in the life of everyday people, apparent in clothing, eating habits, housing and transportation, all of which reflect their social environment and aspirations in a society amid change. The book points out that China’s development model has proven successful since the financial crisis broke out in 2008. In world citizens’ consciousness, therefore, the Chinese Dream supersedes the American Dream. Since completing its transition at the end of 2012, China’s new leadership has maintained its long-term development strategies. The book is a collection of travelogues by 24 American students from Carleton College and their teacher Qiguang Zhao. Each records what they saw, heard and thought during a 10-week tour of China. The shortest entry is just one sentence, the longest no more than 1,000 words. Their fresh perspective and bold thoughts nonetheless invigorate the time-honored topic of cultural communication. The book is a huge and ominous wave crashing down on the shoreline, which is ready to crush those companies that refuse to budge from their traditional approaches and practices. But this stark warning is just one side of the coin, the obverse of which, where the company understands and adapts to the Chinese wave, is eminently positive. The book presents the 400 major points of Chinese history along a complete timeline, with comparisons between the concurrent histories of China and the rest of the world. The refined wording, along with abundant color illustrations, projects a panoramic view of the profound and lengthy history of the ancient civilization, covering important events in China' s political, economic, cultural, technological and social lives.
B. Modern China in Pictures
C. China Dream
D. The 21st China’s Century?
E. The End of Cheap China
F. Quick Access to Chinese History
46. Charlie, a student studying in Peking University, is very interested in the history of China. He’d like to have a clear vision of the major developments in Chinese history and culture. 47. Nancy, who likes traveling, wants to make a trip to China. She is looking for a book which introduces what the travelers saw, heard and thought on their trip to China. 48. Sammy, a housewife, wants to know how the daily life in the Middle Kingdom has changed in the past one century, including clothing, eating habits, housing and transportation. 49. Carina, an official of USA, wants to know something about China’s development model especially after 2008. He is eager to know what development strategies China’s new leadership maintains. 50. Robert, who majors in architecture, wants to find a book introducing Chinese architecture from imperial palaces to government offices, folk residences to temples, and gardens to bridges and pagodas. III．写作(共两节，满分 40 分) 第一节 基础写作 (共 1 小题，满分 15 分) 你们学校进行了一场主题为“英语高考中的听说考试该不该取消？”的讨论。请你根据下表 中的提示写一篇短文，客观地介绍讨论的情况。 不赞同 赞同 1. 英语作为一门语言，是一种重要的交际工 1. 取消听说考试可以减轻学生的压力，让他 具； 们有更多时间和精力学好其他科目； 2. 听说能力是语言的两项基本技能，是获取 2. 听说考试对教学资源不足、教学设备与条 信息、表达思想的重要方式之一，应该重视；件落后的不发达地区的学生不公平； 3. 国际合作日益增多，听说能力应该加强。 3. 今后并非人人都要与外国人进行口头交 流，掌握一定的英语读写能力就可以了。 【写作要求】 。 只能使用 5 个句子表达全部的内容；开头已经为你写好；不计入总句数。 【评分标准】句子结构准确，信息内容完整，篇章结构连贯。 The students of our school had a discussion about whether the Oral English Test in the National Matriculation English Test should be kept or canceled. _____________________________________________________________________________ 第二节 读写任务 (共 1 小题，满分 25 分) 请阅读下面的短文，然后按要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 According to a report from Qilu Evening News (Shangdong Province), Wu Minghua, a retired teacher who works in the canteen in Yantai University as a cleaner, collected the “uneaten food” from the students’ bowls and plates and ate it for lunch and dinner. In this way, he wanted to make the students become aware of the importance of thrift (节俭)，a good virtue that has been passed down from generation to generation for thousands of years in China. Now aged 62, Wu Minghua has been eating the leftovers of the students for the last six months. When interviewed, he said, “When I was growing up in the 1960s, people lived such a hard life that many couldn’t even provide their family with adequate food and clothing. So people of my generation are fully aware of the merit of being thrifty. However, with the improvement of the living standards, many people, especially the young, are no longer interested in the simple life style and some of them even feel ashamed to be thrifty. What they pursue is the latest fashion. In
their eyes, thrift is already out of style.” “Waste might lead to degradation of social atmosphere and environmental pollution as well,” a reporter said. Therefore, it’s of great importance to fight against wasting and encourage everyone to eat up everything on their plates. 【写作内容】 1. 以约 30 词概括以上新闻报道的主要内容。 2. 以约 120 词就“勤俭节约、杜绝浪费”发表你的看法，内容包括： （1）你是否赞同报道中那位老人的做法并说明理由； （2）简述你所在学校中存在的一些浪费现象； （3）在日常生活中，我们如何做到勤俭节约、杜绝浪费。 【写作要求】 1. 作文中可以使用亲身经历或虚构的故事，也可以参照阅读材料的内容，但不得直接引用 原文中的句子。 2. 作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。 【评分标准】 概括准确，语言规范，内容合适，语篇连贯。
I．语言知识及应用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节：完形填空（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 1-5: BCDBA 6-10: ABDCD 11-15: CDBAC 第二节：语法填空（共 10 小题，每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 16. her 17. for 18. when 19. completely 21. hopeless 22. spotted 23. buried 24.what 19、21、22、23 题形式错误的不给分 II． 阅读（共两节，满分 50 分） 第一节：阅读理解（共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分） 26-30: DABAC 31-35: CDACB 36-40: DCABC 41-45: CBADB 第二节 信息匹配（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 46-50: FDBCA III．写作(共两节，满分 40 分) 4. 基础写作 (共 1 小题，满分 15 分) One possible version: The students of our school had a discussion about whether the Oral English Test in the National Matriculation English Test should be kept or canceled. Students who disagree to cancel OET think that as a language, English is a very important tool for communication and listening and speaking are two of the basic linguistic skills which should be paid more attention to. Besides, listening is one of the important channels for us to get information from the outside world while speaking is one of the important ways to express ourselves, so they should be strengthened today when international cooperation is becoming more and more frequent. On the contrary, students who show disagreement think that cancelling OET can reduce the students’ stress so that they can have more time and energy to learn other objects. In addition, OET is unfair to the students in the underdeveloped areas which are lack of teaching resources, good teaching equipment and conditions. Finally, they think that not everyone has to communicate with foreigners in the future and it still works well as long as they master some reading and writing skills.
20. or 25. the
第二节 读写任务 (共 1 小题，满分 25 分) One possible version: It’s reported that Wu Minghua, a cleaner working in the canteen in Yantai University, ate the leftovers from the students so as to remind them of the importance of thrift and encourage them to fight against wasting. I can’t agree more with what the cleaner did. Being thrifty is a good virtue. It’s a shame to waste food. However, it’s common to find the waste of food, water and electricity among students in our school. Many students throw away the food just because they don’t like it. Besides, many students always wash their clothes with the water running. Some even leave the classroom with all the
lights and fans on. Few students are aware of the importance of environmental protection. To be thrifty and fight against wasting in our daily life, we should raise our awareness of saving energy, which will do good to us in the long run. Besides, we’d better remember to turn off the lights before we leave the classroom. Most importantly, we should form a good habit of being thrifty.