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英语句型转换必备


英语句型转换必备
一、中考知识点梳理:提纲挈领,抓住重点和难点 句型转换是要求学生根据所给的句型,按要求或提示完成考题,考查的是学生对句子结构的构成、变化等 方面的知识以及对此类知识的运用能力。该题型首先给出一个完整的句子,再给出一个含有几个空白处的 句子, 根据不同的要求填入适当的词完成句型转换。 句型转换涉及到语法知识的各个方面, 在做这种题时, 应注意时态、语态、

人称、数的变化,特殊疑问词的用法,及助动词的用法等。句型转换考题虽然包括各 种句式,但通常以两种形式进行考查:同义型句型转换和条件型句型转换。 一、同义型句型转换 同义型句型转换即是用另一种方式来表述与原句相同的句意,也称作同义句转换,主要考查学生对句 型及词汇的掌握情况。 二、条件型句型转换 条件型句型转换即是要求根据句子后给出的具体要求变换句型。具体考查内容为: 1.单数句、复数句之间的转换; 2.肯定句、否定句、疑问句之间的转换; 3.简单句、并列句、复合句之间的转换; 4.陈述句、感叹句、祈使句之间的转换; 5.主动语态、被动语态之间的转换。 二、典例精析:举一反三,学的更轻松! 1.I prefer walking there to going by bus. I prefer to walk there ___ by bus. 【解析】 该题考查 prefer...to...与 prefer...rather than...这两个句型的转换。前者后接动词时用 V.+ing 形式,而后 者则接不定式,并且 rather than 后的不定式符号要省略。答案:rather than go。 2.It took Mary two weeks to prepare for the exam. Mary ____ two weeks ___ for the exam. 【解析】 该题考查的是表示 “花费时间做某事” 的两个句型的转换, take 常用的句型是: it takes +时间 + to do...; 而 spend 却是:sb. +spend + 时间 + (in)doing...。答案:spent, in preparing。 3.I always get up before six o'clock in my school days. I __ get up ______ six o'clock in my school days. 【解析】

根据原句的意思,只有在第二句的两个空白处分别填入 never 与 after,这样才能表达出与第一句相同 的含义。这里要注意 always 的否定副词是 never。答案:never,after。 4.The children are too tired to walk farther. They are_____ tired ____they ____ walk farther. 【解析】 含有 too...to 的简单句常和 so...that 引导的复合句互相转换。但是 too...to 的本身是否定意义,so...that 从句要改为否定。答案:so, that, can’t。 5.The girl left her home a few days ago, she has not come back yet. The girl has____ from her home for a few days. 【解析】 第一句意思为“女孩几天前离开家,她现在还未回来” 。根据句意可知应用现在完成时。for a few days 表示一段时间,在完成时中只能与延续性动词搭配,而 leave 是非延续性动词。答案:been away。 6.There are some old sheep on the farm. (改为单数句) There is ______ old ______ on the farm. 【解析】 sheep 的单、复数形式一样,old 是元音开头的词,故冠词不能用 a 。单数句与复数句转换时,名词、 代词要一一对应互换。注意名词变复数的规律,同时注意主谓的一致性。答案:an, sheep。 7.He set the alarm clock for seven. (改为一般疑问句) ______ he ______ the alarm clock for seven? 【解析】 一般疑问句及否定句的构成: (1)当谓语动词是 be 动词、助动词或情态动词时,将其直接移到句首 便可构成一般疑问句,或在其后直接加 not 构成否定句; (2)当谓语动词是行为动词时,则加助动词 do 来完成一般疑问句,第三人称单数用 does,一般过去时用 did,加助动词后应注意其后谓语动词要用原形, 这一点要切记。答案:Did, set。 8.Both of the players are very popular in England. (改为否定句 ) _____of the players ______very popular in England. 【解析】 Both“两者都”为全肯定。其反义词 neither “两者都不”为全否定。either“两者之一”是部分否定。 另外 either 和 neither 作主语,谓语动词应用单数。答案:Neither, is。 9.Sue speaks little French. (改为反意疑问句) Sue speaks little French, _____?

【解析】 反意疑问句应遵循的原则是:前半部分肯定,后半部分否定;前半部分否定,则后半部分肯定。前半 部分中有 no, little, few, never, hardly, seldom 等否定词时,后半部分则用肯定。答案:does she。 10.The bank near the shop is very big. (对画线部分提问) ___________________________ 【解析】 就画线部分提问实际上是将句子改为特殊疑问句。特殊疑问句中的疑问词是根据画线部分来确定的。 特殊疑问句的构成:特殊疑问词+一般疑问句。该题中 near the shop 在句中作 the bank 的定语,故疑问词应 用 which。答案:Which bank is very big? 11.It’s raining very heavily. (改为感叹句 ) ______it is raining! 【解析】 本句感叹的是副词 heavily,所以要用 how,原句中的 very 应去掉,还应注意句子开头的首字母要大 写。答案:How heavily。 12.They have painted their new house. (改为被动语态 ) Their new house ______ by them. 【解析】 原句是现在完成时态,被动结构要用 have been done。在主动变被动时,特别要注意被动语态句中主 语的人称、数的变化,这句被动句的主语是第三人称单数,要用 has。答案:has been painted。 三、句型转换的应试策略 (一) 、肯定句改为否定句 在做此类题时,通常在系动词、助动词和情态动词后加 not (n’t)。如果句中没有这些词,则根据谓语 动词的原形、第三人称单数动词形式或过去式而分别在其前面加 do not (don’t), does not (doesn’t) 或 did not (didn’t), 并将第三人称单数动词形式或过去式改为原形。如: We can finish the work this afternoon. →We can’t finish the work this afternoon. They put the basket under the tree just now. →They didn’t put the basket under the tree just now. 注意:1. 当 think, believe, suppose 等动词后面跟宾语从句时,通常用否定主句谓语动词来达到否定从句谓 语动词的目的。如: I think they can come tonight. →I don’t think they can come tonight. 2. 当 must 表示推测,表示“一定;肯定”的含义时,否定句应用 can’t。如: He must be in the room. →He can't be in the room.

(二)、陈述句改为疑问句 陈述句改为疑问句一般有三种情况:一是改为一般疑问句,二是改为反意疑问句。如: 1. The students had learned about 1,000 English words by the end of last term. (改为一般疑问句) →Had the students learned about 1,000 English words by the end of last term? 2. The twins have never been to the Summer Palace, have they? (完成反意疑问句) (三)、对划线部分提问。 对划线部分提问,就是用一个合适的疑问词去替代句中的某一成分,使之成为一个特殊疑问句。当对 主语或主语的定语提问时,用陈述句语序。对定语提问时,所修饰的名词应放在疑问词后。对其他成分提 问,用“疑问词+一般疑问句语序” 。如: 1. Tom will be back in ten days. (对划线部分提问) →Who will be back in ten days? 2. He writes to his father once a month. (对划线部分提问) →How often does he write to his father? (四)同义句改写 (1)两个简单句或者一个并列句变为 一个简单句。如:常用 not only?but also?, neither?nor?, instead of 等来改含有 too, either 等的句子。 (2)复合句与简单句之间的转换。如:比较级与最高级之间的转换;so?that?与 too?to?或?enough to do 之间的转换; so that 与 in order to 之间的转换; when sb was five 与 at the age of five 之类的相互转换; sb was surprised that 与 to sb’s surprise 等之类的相互转换等。 (3)复合句与复合句之间的转换。如:直接引语与间接引语之间的转换;比较级与比较级或与(not)as?as.. 之间的转换;not?until...与?after?之间的转换等。 四、考点趋势预测试题:熟能生巧,取得好成绩! A 1.His father set the alarm clock for seven. (改为一般疑问句) ________ his father ________ the alarm clock for seven? 2.I have already received some Christmas cards from my friends. (改为一般疑问句) ________ you received ________ Christmas cards from your friends yet? 3.Wendy often has lunch with his classmates.(改成一般疑问句) _____ Wendy often _____ lunch with his classmates? 4.Mother does housework every day.(改为一般疑问句) _____ your mother_____ housework every day? 5.Most of the students in our class have lunch at school. (改为一般疑问句) _________ most of the students in your class __________ lunch at school?

6. Our family had Christmas Eve dinner on December 24. (改为一般疑问句) _______ your family ______ Christmas Eve dinner on December 24? 7.Mr. Li used to go fishing in a small village. (改为否定句) Mr. Li ________ _________ to go fishing in a small village. 8. John studies very hard this semester. (改为否定句) John ________ ________ very hard this semester. 9.They had a good journey last week. (改为否定句) They _____ _____ a good journey last week. 10. Mother did housework every day. (改为否定句)

Mother ________ ________ housework every day? 11. You had better go there with him.(改为否定句) You had better there with him.

12.He has been a top fashion designer since 2002. (对划线部分提问) _________ _________ has he been a top fashion designer? 13.They will move into the new school in a month. (对划线部分提问) ________ ________ will they move into the new school? 14.It took me half an hour to go to the People’s Square by underground. (对划线部分提问) ________ _______ did it take you to go to the People’s Square by underground? 15.I go to school at 7 o’clock every day. ( 对划线部分提问 ) ______ ______ you go to school every day? 16.They go swimming twice a month. ( 对划线部分提问) ______ ______ do they go swimming? 17.It is five miles from my home to the museum. ( 对划线部分提问 ) _____ ______ is it from my home to the museum? 18. I have studied at this school for nearly seven years. ( 对划线部分提问) ______ ______ ______ you _____ at this school? 19.Peter will be 180 centimeters tall. (对划线部分提问) _____ _____ will Peter be? 20.The new bike cost me 400 yuan.(对划线部分提问) _____ _____ _____ the new bike ______ you? 21.Jack had to look after his younger sister. (对划线部分提问)

_____ _____ Jack _____ to look after? 22. This is Kitty and Snoppy’s room.(对划线部分提问) ____ _____ is this? 23. The lady in red is my English teacher. (对划线部分提问) _____lady is English teacher?

24. My parents asked me to play the piano at weekends. ( 对划线部分提问) _____ _____ your parents _____ you _____ _____? 25. She works hard in order to get good marks. ( 对划线部分提问 ) _____ _____ she _____ hard? B 1.He must speak to our parents politely. (改为被动语态) Our parents must _________ _________ to politely. 2.We must protect our earth well. (改为被动语态) Our earth must ________ ________ by us well. 3. My friend invited me to his Christmas party. (改为被动语态) I _____ _____ to my friend’s Christmas party. 4.People in many countries often speak English. (改为被动语态) English ____ often ____ by people in many countries. 5.We use oil for making plastic. (改为被动语态) Oil _______ ________ for making plastic. 6.It’s a very interesting film.(改为感叹句) _______ ______ interesting film it is! 7.The moon looks very pretty(改为感叹句) ______ _____ the moon looks ! 8.How expensive the book is!(改为感叹句) ________ ________ expensive book it is! 9.The dog put the meat under the tree,_____ _____?(改为反意疑问句 ) 10.There is still some water in your glass. (改为反意疑问句) There is still some water in your glass, ______ ______? 11.They hardly go to visit their relatives because of the busy work. (改为反意疑问句) They hardly go to visit their relatives because of the busy work, ________ ________?

12. Jane’s uncle never drinks wine for supper. (改为反意疑问句) Jane’s uncle never drinks wine for supper, _________ ________ ? 13. The plane is so big that it can carry 300 passengers at one time. (改为简单句) The plane is big _________ _________ carry 300 passengers at one time. 14. It rained heavily so we didn’t go to the carnival. (保持原句意思) We didn’t go to the carnival _________ _________ the heavy rain. 15. They spent a year building the bridge.(句意不变) ______ ______ them a year to build the bridge. 16. He hasn’t decided when he will start his work. (保持原句意思) He hasn’t decided ________ _________ start his work 17. I don’t know when we shall start the work.(简单句) I don’t know when____ ____the work. 18.Tom can’t speak French. Jack can’t speak French, either.(句意不变) _______ Tom ________ Jack can speak French. 19. To go fishing is fun. (句意不变 ) _____ is fun _____ ______ fishing. 20. It took me two hours to do my homework yesterday. (句意不变 ) I _____ two hours _____ my homework yesterday. 21. The boy was not tall enough to reach the book on the shelf.(保持原句意思) The boy was so______ that he______ reach the book on the shelf. 22.Did they know the answer to the question? I didn’t know? (合并为一句) I didn’t know ________ they had ________ the answer to the question. 23. He is a very good swimmer. (保持原句意思) How ________ he ________ ! 24. There was plenty of snow in Beijing last winter. (保持原句意思) It ________ _________ in Beijing last winter. 25. The fish will go bad, so you’d better put it into the fridge. (保持原句意思) The fish will go bad _________ you _________ put it into the fridge.

答案: A 1. Did, set 2.Have, any 3.Does ,have 4.Does, do 5.Do, have 6.Did, have 7. didn’t use 8. doesn’t study 9. didn’t have 10. didn’t do11.not go 12. how long 13. How soon 14.How long 15.When do 16. How often 17. How far 18. How long have study 19.How tall 20.How much did cost 21.Whom did have

22.Whose room 23.which your 24.What did ask to do B 1. be spoken 2. be protected 3. was invited 4. is spoken 9.didn’t it? 10.isn’t there?

25What does work

5. is used 6.What an 7. How pretty 8. What an

11. Do they 12.Does he 13.enough to 14. because of 15. It cost 16.when to 19. It to go 20.spent doing 21. short couldn’t 22.if known 23.well swims

17. to start18.neither nor

24.snowed heavily 25.unless / 或 if don’t


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