Festivals around the world
Learning about Language
作业 目标 作业 设计
1.通过练习掌握 permission, fool, worldwide 等词汇 的用法。 2．巩固 rather tha
n, as though 等重点词汇的用法。 限时：40 分钟 满分：70 分
Ⅰ.单词拼写 1． Please do not come into my room without my ________ (允 许)．
2．The report says that over 68% of the Internet content ________ (遍及世界的) is in English.
3．A(n) ________ (愚人) knows more in his own house than a wise man in another's.
Ⅱ.用所给单词的适当形式填空 1．You should keep away from the dog. It is ________ (danger)．
2．The company hopes to double the ________ (produce) during the next five years.
3．These are the ________ (origin) designs of the house, but we will change them later.
4．They met with some real difficulties at the beginning because of ________ (culture) differences.
5．College is not only the beginning of a new path into ________ (educate), but also a path to life and dream.
6．Every summer in that area there are a lot of heavy ________ (season) rains.
7．He is a ________ (humour) man. He often makes us laugh in class.
8．Though he was wrong, he was ________ (courage) enough to admit it.
Ⅲ.用方框中所给短语的适当形式填空 take place, in memory of, dress up, play a trick on, look forward to, day and night, as though, have fun with 1．In the play, Mr. Green ________ as a policeman with dark glasses.
答案 dressed up
2．I told them that it was wrong for them to ________ the stranger.
答案 play a trick on
3．On weekends I like to go to clubs and ________ my good friends.
答案 have fun with
4．Great changes ________ in the village in the last twenty years.
答案 have taken place
5．My coming summer holiday will start on the same day as my cousin's, and I am very much ________ it.
答案 looking forward to
6 ． Everything went on as usual ________ nothing had happened.
答案 as though
7．This museum was built ________ the great writer — Lu Xun.
答案 in memory of
8．We are working ________ to complete the task ahead of time.
day and night
Ⅳ.单项填空 1．It's unfair! You sit there, listening to me, ________ I stand here, teaching you. A. as C. while B. when D. since
2 ． The driver shall be fined if he drives without the ________. A. permission C. allowance B. permit D. allow
permit 此处作名词表示“驾照； 许可证”，
而 permission 指有批准权的人的口头“允许；许可”(不可数名 词); allowance“津贴；补助”； allow 为动词，表示“允许”。 句意：无证驾驶的司机将被罚款。
3． The old man was fooled ________ some money to the thief. A. give C. into giving B. of giving D. to giving
C fool sb. into doing sth.意为“骗某人做某
事”，在句中用了被动语态，故选 C 项。
4．It is not moral to ________ a fool of the disabled. A. make C. play B. take D. have
A 句意： 愚弄残疾人是不道德的。 make a fool
5．It is a Japanese ________ to take off one's shoes before entering a house. A. custom C. character B. signal D. reception
custom“风俗”， 符合句意。 signal“符号”； character“性格； 角色；文字”； reception“招待”。
6．Pollution is a ________ problem now. A. worldwide C. worldfamous B. worldclass D. worldly
worldwide“世界性的；全球性的”； worldclass“世界一流水 平的”； worldfamous“世界闻名的”； worldly“世俗的”。
7．Ha! You ________ by a ________. How ________ of you! A. are fooled; foolish; fool B. were fooled; fool; foolish C. are fooled; foolish; foolish D. were fooled; foolish; fool
啊！由 by 确定前面是被动语态；由 a 确定后面是名词；由 how 确定其后是形容词。
8．Many words in the Japanese language are Chinese in ________. A. custom C. source B. result D. origin
单项填空 1．(2013· 唐山高一检测)After marriage, the worldfamous man, who was a leading role in physics, decided to give up his wife ________ his career (事业)． A. more than C. instead B. rather than D. in place of
世界名人决定放弃他的妻子而不是他的事业。rather than“而不 是”， 符合句意。 more than“多于； 不仅仅”； instead“代替”； in place of“代替”。
2． (2013· 西安高一检测)The notice says “No Photos！ ”， so reporters must ask for ________ before taking photos inside the museum. A. independence C. advice
B. permission D. suggestion
者在博物馆拍照前必须请求许可。ask for permission“请求许 可”， 符合句意。 independence“独立”； advice/suggestion“建 议”。
3．(2013· 辽宁高一检测)________ it is to go for a picnic on such a fine day! A. What a fun C. How fun B. What fun D. How a fun
What fun it is to do sth.“做某事多么好玩啊！”。
Ⅰ.完形填空 Every weekday morning I teach biology at a small university in Maine. It's a __1__ job — I explain things to my students, give them homework, and they usually __2__ it on time. I love it.
My week doesn't __3__ here. On Fridays at noon, I drive eight miles to a middle school. When the class is over, students leave the classroom, but one student __4__. My mentee (受指导 者). We walk together to the school library, find a comfortable, __5__ place, and for the next __6__ I do what a mentor (导师) does. We __7__ for a bit, do some homework, chat some more, and then maybe play some games. All too soon the __8__ is up. The young man, hearing another bell, hurries off to class.
I have been at this mentoring business for 10 years. I remember the day it __9__. I was lying on my sofa. The phone __10__. It was one of the teachers from the middle school. She asked if I would like to spend an hour a week with a young man, __11__ him to do his homework, and generally __12__ him. I couldn't think of any __13__ not to do it, and so my mentoring work __14__. Elevenyear- Josh was a __15__. He was shy. old His grades were poor. He had __16__ friends. And, he never laughed. His __17__ went well beyond his homework.
For example, no one had ever shaken his hand, __18__ our first lesson was: “Take my hand.” When he spoke, he looked at his desk. I gently asked him to __19__ his head. By the end of the year his grades were slightly __20__. Since Josh, there have been several others, and I long ago came to look forward to Friday afternoons.
1．A. boring C. wellpaid 2．A. prepare C. get 3．A. end C. change 4．A. runs C. remains
B. pleasant D. difficult B. review D. finish B. work D. continue B. looks D. returns
5．A. safe C. special 6．A. day C. class 7．A. sit C. chat 8．A. time C. moon
B. quiet D. beautiful B. hour D. scene B. wait D. walk B. game D. rest
9．A. started C. arrived 10．A. failed C. rang 11．A. ask C. tell 12．A. know C. follow
B. stopped D. appeared B. shone D. broke B. help D. allow B. teach D. encourage
13．A. idea C. reason 14．A. progressed C. succeeded 15．A. challenge C. wonder 16．A. few C. many
B. result D. question B. began D. closed B. trouble D. chance B. some D. enough
17．A. tasks C. actions 18．A. unless C. so 19．A. lift C. shake 20．A. low C. worse
B. needs D. abilities B. but D. because B. move D. nod B. high D. better
答案与解析 语篇解读 师的经历。 1．B 根据下文的 I love it 可知，作者觉得老师是一份“令 人愉快的(pleasant)”工作。 2． 根据上文的 give them homework 以及下文的 on time D 可知，作者的学生都能按时“完成(finish)”作业。 3．A 根据下文的 On Fridays at noon, I ... school 可知，作 者一周的工作还没“结束(end)”，他还得去一所中学工作。 本文是记叙文。 文章讲述了作者在一所中学当导
4．C 根据下文的 My mentee. We walk together 可知，一 下课，学生们都跑出教室，只有一个学生“留下(remains)”。 5． B 根据上文的 school library, comfortable 可知， 作者和
学生要在图书馆找一个舒适、“安静的(quiet)”地方。 6．B 可知答案。 7．C 根据下文的 chat some more 可知，作者和他的学生 先“聊(chat)”一会儿，做会儿作业，再聊聊，之后还可能玩些 游戏。 根据下文的 spend an hour a week with a young man
根据上文的 All too soon 以及下文的 hurries off to
class 可知，这里说的是“时间(time)”很快就过去了，小伙子要 赶着去上课。 9． A 根据下文的 Since Josh, there have been several others
可知，这里说的是作者从事导师工作已经有十年了，他还记得他 “开始(started)”接触这项工作的那天。 10．C 根据下文的 It was one of the teachers ...可知，那天
12．D 根据下文的描述 He was shy. His grades were poor 可知，那位老师问作者愿不愿意每周花一个小时“帮助(help)” 一个小孩做作业并“鼓励(encourage)”他。 13．C 见下一题解析。 14． 作者想不出任何“理由(reason)”拒绝， B 就这样作者 的导师工作“开始(began)”了。
15．A 根据下文的 His grades were poor 可知， Josh 成绩 不好， 对作者而言， 要帮助 Josh 的确是一个“挑战(challenge)”。 16．A 见下一题解析。 17．B 根据文中的 He was shy. His grades were poor 以及
he never laughed 可知， Josh 身上的问题很多，他“几乎没有 (few)”朋友。他的“需求(needs)”不止是帮助他做作业。 18．C Josh 之前从未与人握过手，“所以(so)”作者给他
根据上文的 looked at his desk 可知， Josh 说话时
总是低头看桌子，作者叫他“抬起(lift)”头。 20．D 在作者的帮助下， Josh 的成绩稍微“比以前好
Ⅱ.阅读理解七选五 (2013· 辽宁师大附中高一检测) Why Is Exercise Cool? 1．Exercise strengthens Muscles Did you ever do a push- or swing across the monkey bars up at the playground? __1__ By using your muscles to do
powerful things, you can make them stronger. For older teens and adults, this kind of workout can make muscles bigger, too.
2．__2__ Can you touch your toes easily without yelling ouch? Most kids are pretty flexible, which means that they can bend and stretch their bodies without much trouble. Being flexible is having “full range of motion”， which means you can move your arms and legs freely without feeling tightness or pain.
3. Exercise Keeps the Balance __3__ Your body needs a certain amount of calories every day just to function, breathe, walk around, and do all the basic stuff. __4__ If you're not very active, your body won't need as
many calories. Whatever your calorie need is, if you eat enough to meet that need, your body weight will stay about the same. If you eat more calories than your body needs, it may be stored as extra fat.
4. Exercise Makes You Feel Good It feels good to have a strong, flexible body that can do all the activities you enjoy — like running, jumping, and playing with your friends. It's also fun to be good at something, like scoring a basket, hitting a home run, or perfecting a dive. But you may not know that exercising can actually put you in a better mood. __5__ is cool! It's just another reason why exercise
A. So you want to do some aerobic (有氧的) exercise right now? B. Food gives your body fuel in the form of calories, which are a kind of energy. C. When you exercise, your brain releases a chemical, which may make you feel happier. D. Those are exercises that can build strength. E. Exercise Makes You Flexible F. Exercise Makes Your Heart Happy
G. But if you're active, your body needs an extra measure of calories or energy.
3.B 4.G 5.C