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新课标高中英语选修7第三单元阶段测评


阶段测评(三)
本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分。 共 150 分, 考试时间 120 分钟。 第Ⅰ卷(选择题 第一部分 第一节 共 115 分)

听力(共两节,满分 30 分) (共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分)

听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、 C 三个

选项中选出最佳选项, 并标在试卷的相应位置。 听完每段对话 后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对 话仅读一遍。 1.What are the two speakers? A.Students. B.Teachers. C.Workers.

2.How does the woman feel? A.Hungry and tired. C.Tired and thirsty. 3.How much will the woman pay for the stamp? A.$400. B.$450. C.$500. B.Tired but excited.

4.What does the woman think of the report? A.Good. B.Terrible. C.Just soso.

5.What are the two speakers talking about? A.Food. 第二节 B.Cooking. C.Book.

(共 15 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 22.5 分)

听下面 5 段对话或独白。 每段对话或独白后有几个小题, 从题中 所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。

听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题 5 秒钟;听 完后,各小题给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料,回答第 6 至 8 题。 6.How does the woman feel now? A.Happy. B.Lively. C.Angry.

7.Where does the conversation probably take place? A.At home. C.In the cinema. 8.What did the lady referred to by the woman do? A.She tried every pair of shoes but didn't buy one. B.She quarreled with the woman. C.She complained to the man. 听第 7 段材料,回答第 9 至 11 题。 9.What's the probable relationship between the two speakers? A.Husband and wife. C.Shopkeeper and customer. 10.Who will come to New York? A.The man's sister. C.The woman's sister. 11.When will the man arrive at the airport? A.At 8∶00 a.m.. C.At 9∶00 a.m.. 听第 8 段材料,回答第 12 至 14 题。 12.What did the man buy? A.A shirt. B.A jacket. B.At 8∶40 a.m.. B.The woman's brother. B.Boss and clerk. B.At a shop.

C.A coat. 13.How is the man's family? A.Poor. C.Ordinary. 14.How much did the man cut the price? A.20 dollars. C.45 dollars. 听第 9 段材料,回答第 15 至 17 题。 15.Why is the woman happy? A.Because her sister has started to study at school. B.Because her sister has started a hobby. C.Because her sister begins to write articles. 16.What does the woman's sister like best? A.Painting landscapes. C.Drawing still lives. 17.What does the man like? A.Painting landscapes. C.Watching others drawing. 听第 10 段材料,回答第 18 至 20 题。 18.When was the first Father's Day held? A.On July 9,1910. C.On June 19,1909. 19.Where was the first Father's Day celebrated? A.In Asia. C.In Europe. B.In America. B.On June 19,1910. B.Drawing people. B.Learning literature. B.25 dollars. B.Rich.

20.How did the people celebrate Father's Day in early times? A.Hold a party. C.Wear flowers. [答案] 15 1115 ACBAB 610 CBAAC B.Have a dinner.

BCBAB 1620

ACBBC

[听力材料] Text 1 W: Mark was called up again to Mr.Allen's room.Apparently, he went against our class teacher again. M: But Mark was luck this time.He was let off with just a warning. Text 2 W: Ah Finally,we can see some houses. M: Yeah, after the long walk in the endless desert, I'm dying for a glass of iced lemon tea.I am so tired and thirsty. W:Me too. Text 3 M: This is a rare stamp,but I'm willing to let it go for $500. W: That's too high a price!How about $400? M: $450.That is the last price. W:OK.I'll get it. Text 4 W: I've just been reading through your last project report. M: I hope you didn't find too much wrong with it. W:On the contrary,you've done a good job. Text 5 W: I'm so envious of Lara's cooking.

M: Me too,everything she does tastes perfect. W:I tried some of her ways myself,but they just don't seem to turn out right. Text 6 M: Look.Marry.You are so unhappy.I can read it from your face.What's wrong with you? W: Oh.It makes me so angry.I've just had a terrible hour and a half. M: What makes our lively girl so angry?What happened? W: Well.Just now.I had a lady customer come in, who wanted to buy a pair of shoes.And you know we've got a really good range.Any buyer can easily find what he wants. M:We certainly do.Did she buy a pair of shoes? W: No, but she didn't leave before getting me to bring her every single pair we had in the shop.And she complained about every single one.What a critical lady! M:I'd say she was impossible to please. W:Yeah.Such a person may be hard to satisfy. Text 7 W: Darling.I have something to talk with you. M: Say it straight.It looks very important to you.What is it, dear? W:My sister and her family will be coming into the city of New York next week.They are strange in the big city. M:Is she the one who writes articles for the“English Post”? W:Right.Why don't you go over next Sunday to meet her at 8∶00 a.m. in the airport?

M:I'd love to but I can't.I will be very busy then.How about 9∶00 a.m.?I will reach there at 8∶40 a.m.. W:Sure,they'll be here for a week. M:OK!I will be very interested in seeing her. Text 8 W: Hi,Richard.How handsome you are in the overcoat. M: Thank you.I'm very glad to hear that. W:I like your new overcoat.It looks really expensive.Where did you get it—in that brand coat shop in the mall? M: Well.No, I didn't.I got it in the market.where there are many clothes, from shirt to skirt, from jacket to coat.I can't afford a brand coat.After all,I am just an office clerk. W:You are too modesty.Everyone knows your family has had a lot of money. M:I don't want to get money from them.I must depend on myself. W:How much did you pay for it? M:Not as much as the man asked for.He wanted $45. W:That would have been too much for you.It's almost the shop price. M: I know, but I tried to make him bring down the price to $25.I believe I've got a bit of a bargain. Text 9 M: Hello,Tracy,You must have had a happy time.Your look sells yourself. W: Yeah.What troubled me most has gone with the wind. M: Oh.I am interested in it.Come on,tell me about it.

W:My sister started a hobby a few days ago.She had never been interested in anything before that. M:Really?Tell me more. W:She's been learning to paint watercolors.Besides she is very serious and careful. M:How interesting.What are her favorite subjects? W : She likes painting landscapes best , but she also enjoys drawing still lives. M: I envy her.I've tried to paint in the past, but I have no artistic talent.I just like to watch others drawing. Text 10 Father's Day is celebrated on a variety of dates worldwide and typically involves gift giving , special dinners to fathers , and familyoriented activities.The first Father's Day is believed to have been on June 19,1910 through Sonora Dodd's efforts of Spokane. Dodd wanted a special day to honor her father , William Smart.Sonora's father was born in June.So she chose to hold the first Father's Day celebration in Spokane , Washington on June 19,1910.Dodd travelled through the city in a closed carriage, carrying gifts to honor all fathers. In early times , wearing flowers was a traditional way to celebrate Father's Day.People wore red roses to honor fathers who were still living.White flowers were worn to honor fathers who had died. Today , Americans celebrate Father's Day in many different ways.Some families take their fathers out to a restaurant for a meal.Others give their fathers gifts or cards with special messages of

thanks.Children living far away call their fathers on the telephone to wish them a happy Father's Day. 第二部分 第一节 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分)

从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 21 . (2011 ~ 2012 吉 林 一 中 高 二 下 月 考 )On feeling the earthquake,the teacher stayed calm in the front of the classroom, ________all the students to rush out of the classroom as quickly as possible. A.encouraging C.demanding B.hoping D.urging

[解析] 句意为:一感觉到地震,这位老师冷静地站在教室里的 前面, 催促学生们尽快冲出教室。 encourage 鼓励; hope 希望; demand 要求;urge 催促。 [答案] D

22 . (2011 ~ 2012 湖北黄冈中学高二期中 )People like taking photos because photos are the________of youth and history and can remind us of many happy scenes. A.witness C.evidence B.guidance D.approval

[解析] 句意为:人们喜欢拍照片,因为照片是年青和过去的见 证,能使我们想起很多快乐场景。 witness 见证; guidance 引导; evidence 证据;approval 赞成。 [答案] A

23. (2011~2012 河北保北十二县高二期中)Only when Bob’s best friend left him ________ that awkward situation he had put himself

in. A.he became aware of C.he had become aware of B.did he become aware of D.had he become aware of

[解析] 句意为:直到鲍勃最好的朋友离他而去时,他才意识到 他使自己陷入的尴尬境地。only 修饰状语位于句首时,主句要用部 分倒装; 宾语从句的谓语用了过去完成时; 主句的动作发生在从句的 动作之前,故用一般过去时。 [答案] B

24.(2011~2012 安徽泗县双语中学高二期中)________ by the killer whales, the whalers were able to make a successful kill. A.To help out C.Helping B.Helped out D.Being helped out

[解析] 句意为: 在虎鲸的帮助下, 捕鲸人能够实施成功的捕杀。 the whalers 与 help out 之间是逻辑上的动宾关系,故排除了 A、C 项;B 项表被动和完成,也可排除;此处用 D 项表示“帮助”的动 作与“能够”同时发生。 [答案] D

25. (2011~2012 涡阳二中高二期中)—Could you be so kind as to close the window? —________. A.With pleasure C.Yes, please B.Go ahead D.That’s OK

[解析] 句意为:——请你关上窗户好吗?——十分乐意。A 项 用于回答“别人请求帮忙的”;B 项意为:干吧;C 项意为:是的, 请;D 项意为:没关系。 [答案] A

26.Many young girls were scared ________stay outside after 11 o’clock because they were scared ________ being robbed. A.to;to C.of;to [解析] B.to;of D.of;of

be scared to do sth.与 be scared of doing sth.均为固定搭

配,意为:不敢做某事和害怕?? [答案] B

27 . (2011 ~ 2012 安徽泗县双语中学高二期中 )The disability makes everyday life difficult and________society should treat ________ disabled with dignity and respect. A.the;the C.a;a [解析] B./;the D.the;/

society 社会,是以群体形式生活在一起的人的总称,前

面不加冠词;the disabled 指残疾人这个群体。 [答案] B

28.Who did the government of China have ________ those earthquakestricken people in Haiti? A.rescued C.rescue B.rescuing D.to rescue

[解析] 句意为:中国政府让谁去海地救助那些地震难民?have sb.do sth.让某人做某事。本句中的 sb.就是疑问词 who。rescue“救 援”。 [答案] C

29. I’m grateful to Tom, because he is always ________ when I’m in trouble. A.working out B.helping out

C.turning out

D.making out

[解析] 句意为:我很感激汤姆,因为当我遇到困难的时候,他 总是帮我。 work out 锻炼, 计算; help out 帮忙; turn out 生产; make out 应付,弄清楚。 [答案] B

30.Human flesh search had to be ________ due to lots of bad influences. A.replaced C.accused [解析] B.abandoned D.equipped

考查动词词义。句意为:由于负面影响太多(我们)不得

不放弃人肉搜索。abandon 放弃,符合句意。 [答案] B

31. He ________ that country for political reasons, however, the plane crashed on the way. A.escaped C.ran away B.fled D.flee from

[解析] 考查动词词义。flee 既可作及物动词,又可作不及物动 词;D 项的时态不对;A、C 项缺少介词 from。 [答案] B

32.It was urgent that he ________ her immediately. A.calls C.call [解析] B.called D.would call 在 It is/was urgent that...句型中,that 引导的从句用虚

拟语气,谓语动词应用“should+动词原形”,should 可省略。 [答案] C

33.(2011~2012 三明六校高二联考)Having worked for a whole

week,I decided to ________ the rest of my assignment and go to the seaside for relaxation. A.set out C.set up B.set off D.set aside

[解析] 句意为:在工作了整整一周之后,我决定把余下的任务 放在一边,先去海边放松一下。set out 开始;set off 出发;set up 建 立;set aside 把??放在一边。 [答案] D

34 . (2011 ~ 2012 安徽泗县双语中学高二期中 )It was in the garden of her old house ________ she grew up________she dug up a pot of silver and gold. A.that; where C.which; what B.where; that D.what; which

[解析] 句意为:是在她长大的老房子的花园里她挖出了一罐金 子和银子。本句为强调句,第一空引导定语从句,修饰 house;第二 空为强调句型中的 that。 [答案] B

35.(2011~2012 吉林一中高二下月考)—What made Alice so angry? —________ in the rain for an hour. A.Being kept waiting C.Because of waiting B.Being kept to wait D.She was kept waiting

[解析] 句意为:——艾丽斯为什么那么生气?——她在雨中等 了别人一个小时。 答语为省略句, 完整句为: Being kept waiting in the rain for an hour.所以空白处应作主语,排除了 C、D 项;使某人等 keep sb. waiting,故 A 项正确。

[答案] 第二节

A 完形填空 (共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D) 中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 In the north of Scotland,there is a long lake.Mountains__36__ along its sides. Between them,the big lake stretches __37__ the eye can see. The water is deep and dark. This is Loch Ness —Loch is the Scottish word for “Lake”. Loch Ness is a lake with a mystery, which goes back hundreds of years. It has__38__ to do with a big, strange creature that was __39__ to live in the loch. The local people believed in this creature. Most of the time, they said, it lived __40__ water. Once in a while it came to the surface, __41__ someone might catch sight of some parts of it.__42__ was it? No one could say,for no one ever got a good look at it. They thought it must be some kind of __43__ since it lived in the loch. But it did not look __44__ any fish they knew. Before the 1930s, few people outside had __45__the creature. Then a road was built __46__ Loch Ness.Many visitors began seeing the loch and hearing about the big, strange creature, and some of them believed they had caught __47__ of it. One of these sightings was written up __48__ a local newspaper. When the editor read the story, he said,“If it’s that __49__ we’ll have to call it a monster (怪物). ”That was __50__ it became the Loch Ness monster. From then on, many papers __51__ stories about the monster. They made good reading. These stories made the __52__ famous. But many readers

thought it was a joke. To them, a monster was a makebelieve animal, __53__ one might see in a movie.They thought the __54__ had invented a monster to draw tourists to the __55__. 36.A.run C.stay B.rise D.raise

[解析] 此处要表达的意思是“湖边群山高耸”,应用不及物动 词 rise。 [答案] B B.as long as D.as deep as

37.A.as far as C.as clear as [解析] [答案]

as far as the eye can see 意为“就视力所及”。 A B.everything D.anything

38.A.nothing C.something [解析]

have something to do with 意为“与??有关”。 从上下

文理解,应用肯定的语气。 [答案] C B.found D.said

39.A.told C.warned

[解析] 此处要表达的意思是“??据说生活在尼斯湖中”。 [答案] D B.above D.near

40.A.over C.under [ 解析 ] 下。 [答案] C

下一句讲它偶尔才浮出水面,说明它应该是生活在水

41.A.but C.while

B.and D.as

[解析] 并列连词 and 连接两个分句, 表示前后事件的顺承关系, 后一分句内容不是原因和时间等。 [答案] B B.Where D.How

42.A.What C.When [ 解析 ]

由下文 “No one could say...They thought it must be

some kind of...”可知。 [答案] A B.beast D.fish

43.A.bird C.plant

[解析] 由下一句“But it did not...any fish they knew.”可知。 [答案] D B.around D.into look like 意为“像??的样子”。 该句与 What was it?

44.A.like C.for [解析] 是呼应句。 [答案] A

45.A.cared of C.thought about

B.heard of D.worried about

[解析] 根据下文的 began seeing 和 hearing about 可作出推断。 [答案] B B.under D.along

46.A.inside C.through

[解析] 路只能是沿着尼斯湖修,而不能在湖中、湖底或穿过湖 修。 [答案] D B.hold D.breath catch sight of 意为“看见”,最符合语境。 A B.for D.in

47.A.sight C.cold [解析] [答案]

48.A.to C.on

[解析] 根据下文内容,应是“为当地一家报纸写??”。 [答案] B B.cruel D.strange

49.A.strong C.big

[解析] 主句中提到称其为 monster,应是个庞然大物。 [答案] C B.why D.what

50.A.how C.when

[解析] 该句总结、概括上文的内容,即“这就是它如何变成尼 斯湖怪兽的。” [答案] A B.told D.printed

51.A.wrote C.knew

[解析] 许多报纸刊载有关该怪物的故事,而不是写故事和讲故 事等。 [答案] D

52.A.loch C.monster [解析]

B.editor D.paper

由 下 文 “To them , a monster was a makebelieve

animal...”可知。 [答案] C B.someone D.what something 是 animal 的同位语,后接定语从句。 A B.editors D.lake

53.A.something C.that [解析] [答案]

54.A.visitors C.Scots

[解析] 由文章首句 Scotland 可知。 [答案] C B.loch D.story

55.A.mountain C.Scotland [ 解析 ]

该句总结全文,点明尼斯湖怪兽所在的具体位置,而

Scotland 范围太大,且不应用冠词。 [答案] B 阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分)

第三部分

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出 最佳选项。 A Life on land probably began about 430 million years ago, though it has existed in the water for perhaps as much as 3,000 million years. When we think of the first thing on land, we probably think of strange animals coming out of the oceans, but in fact no animals

could have been living if plants had not been on land first. Plants had to be on land before animals arrived.They supplied the first land animals with the surrounding and food necessity, since then, the plants, are the only form of life that is able to get and store energy. The first plants to exist out of the water were probably certain kinds of algae(海藻)which were followed by other plants that grew close to the ground and needed water in which to reproduce. Once the move to land had been made, however, evolution(进化)took place quickly. By the end of 100 million years, plants had developed their roots(根),and some had got treelike forms since height was very important in gaining sunlight. About 300 million years ago, much of the world was covered with forests of huge trees. In most ways they were like modern trees. They had roots, leaves, wood, but mostly they had not developed seeds. 56.The main idea of the first paragraph is ________. A.life on land probably began 430 years ago B.the first animal on land came from oceans C.there wouldn’t be animals without plants D.plants are the only form of life that is able to get and store energy [解析] 根据第一段中的“...but in fact no animals could have

been living if plants had not been on land first.”可以选出正确答案。 [答案] C

57.Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage? A.Algae has existed for more than 430 million years. B.It is impossible that algae might be the earliest plant on land.

C.Plants get food from animals in the oceans. D.Evolution began after animals appeared on land. [ 解析 ] 第一段说陆地上的生命可能出现于大约 430 million

years ago,第二段说海藻是最早的植物。 [答案] A

58.According to the passage, ________ appeared earlier than ________. A.apples;oranges C.oranges;roses B.oranges;apples D.algae;wheat

[解析] 从第二段最后可知,长根的植物比结种的植物要早,因 此选 D 项。 [答案] D B Experts have told of their surprise after witnessing a rare “divorce” between a pair of swans at a Gloucestershire wildfowl sanctuary(野禽保护区). The Bewick’s swans have returned to the Wildfowl and Wetlands Trust centre at Slimbridge in winter , but both have brought new partners. It is only the second time in more than 40 years that a “separation” has been recorded at the centre. It is not unheard of for the birds,which usually mate for life, to find a new mate but it tends to be because one of the pair has died. During the past 4 decades,4,000 pairs of Bewick’s swans have been studied at Slimbridge,with only one previous couple moving on to find new partners. First suspicions of the rare event were raised when male swan

Sarindi turned up in the annual migration (移栖) from Arctic Russia without his partner Saruni but with a new female named Sarind. The pair’s arrival led conservationists(自然环境保护主义者) to fear the worst for Saruni. But shortly afterwards Saruni arrived at the wetlands site—also with a new mate, Surune.And after observing them, the experts discovered the old relationships had ended and new ones had begun. Julia Newth, wildlife health research officer at Slimbridge,said the situation had taken staff by surprise. She said swans tended to have “real loyalties to one another” and long partnerships. “As long as they are both still alive, they will try to stay together. If they have a change of mate it is perhaps because of mortality,not necessarily through choice. ”she said. As for why the previous couple may have seperated,she said, “Failure to breed could be a possible reason,as they had been together for a couple of years but had never brought back a swan baby, but it is difficult to say for sure.” 59 . Seeing Sarindi came back with a new partner , experts thought ________. A.Saruni would not return to the same place B.he was thrown over by his old partner C.he would die because of sadness D.his former partner Saruni had died [解析] 细节理解题。从第四段第二句可知专家们想到了最遭的 情况,以为他的配偶死掉了,他才会有新的伴侣。 [答案] D

60.What can be inferred from the passage? A.Experts feel very surprised at the couple’s behavior. B.Experts have been used to the action of swans’ divorcing. C.Swans are probably the most loyal animals in the world. D.The new swan couples will be pushed out from their group. [解析] 推理判断题。从第三段第一句可知科学家们会对这对天 鹅的行为感到非常惊讶,因为非常少见。 [答案] A

61.Which of the following words can take the place of the underlined word in the fifth paragraph? A.death C.diseases B.disasters D.hunger

[解析] 词义猜测题。从第五段第二句和第三句可知天鹅通常只 有在配偶死去时才会重新寻找配偶,所以选择 A 项。 [答案] A

62 . According to Julia Newth the swan couple separated probably because ________. A.they had the wrong belief that their partner had died B.they couldn’t give birth to their own swan babies C.they didn’t love each other any longer D.they were not used to each other’s living habits [解析] 细节理解题。从最后一段可知专家推测一直未能生育可 能是天鹅离婚的原因,故选择 B 项。 [答案] B C As a result of pollution,Lake Erie,on the borders of the USA

and Canada, is now without any living things. Pollution in water is not simply a matter of “poisons” killing large numbers of fish overnight. Very often the effects of pollution are not noticed for many months or years because the first organism to be affected are either plants or plankton. But these organisms are the food of fish and birds and other creatures. When this food disappears,the fish and birds die too. In this way a whole food chain can be wiped out, and it’s not until dead fish and water birds are seen at the river’s edge or on the seashore that people realize what is happening. Where do the substances which pollute the water come from? There are two main sources of sewage(污水)and industrial waste. As more detergent(洗涤剂)is used in the home, so more of it is finally put into our rivers, lakes and seas. Detergents harm water birds , dissolving the natural substances which keep their feathers waterproof. Sewage itself, if not properly treated, makes the water dirty and prevents all forms of life in rivers and the sea from receiving the oxygen they need. Industrial waste is even more harmful as there are many highly poisonous things in it,such as copper and lead. So, if we want to stop this pollution, the answer is simple: sewage and industrial waste must be made clear before flowing into the water. It may already be too late to save some rivers and lakes, but others can still be saved if the correct action is taken at once. 63.Pollution of water is noticed ________. A.when the first organisms are affected B.when a good many fish and birds die

C.when poisonous things are poured into water D.as soon as the balance of nature is destroyed [解析] 从第二段可知,人们将有毒物排放到水中,水中的生物 体受影响,鱼、鸟死去,直到这时人们才意识到,因此选 B 项。 [答案] B

64.Which of the following is harmful according to the passage? A.Organisms. B.Plants and plankton in the water. C.Waste water from cleaning. D.Industrial waste made clear before flowing into the water. [解析] 文中多次提到生活污水、家用洗涤剂的污染。 [答案] C

65.The way to stop water pollution is to ________. A.realize the serious situation clearly B.put oxygen into the river C.make the waste material harmless before flowing into the water D.make special room in the sea for our rubbish [解析] 光意识到污染还不行,必须行动,最后一段说必须将污 水作无害处理。 [答案] C D “The noise made by boats of whale watching tourists may be causing communication problems for the animals, ”British researchers said last week. Whale watching is a popular tourist activity in places where

groups of killer whales(虎鲸)live. Every day,dozens of boats filled with tourists go to watch the beautiful animals. Unfortunately, the engines of the boats make a lot of noise, and that may be causing problems for the whales, according to a report in the US science magazine Nature. The whales travel in groups, and communicate with each other through sonic(声波的)calls that some scientists refer to as singing. The sounds of the boat engines may be creating too much background noise for the whales to be able to hear each other. The researchers listened to recordings of whale calls made between 15 and 25 years ago, before whale watching became popular. These were compared to more recent recordings. They found that the animals have started to sing for longer than they used to,like a person shouting to a friend across a noisy room. It is believed that the whales are trying to communicate hunting or breeding information. Scientists said that, if this is prevented, the future of the world’s whale population could be in danger. “Animals become slow in mind and repeat themselves in noisy areas,”said Volker Deecke, a Canadian biologist. “They have to say things twice or three times in order to be understood. ” The killer whales studied were living off the coast of northwestern America. The number of killer whales in this area has been falling for several years, but scientists are not sure why. 66.What does the underlined word in Paragraph 6 mean? A.Singing to other. C.Caring about the old. B.Producing young. D.Hunting for food.

[解析] 词义理解题。由第六段第二句可知,科学家说如果这件

事 情 被阻 止 的话, 世 界上 鲸 的数量 将 会处 于 危险中 , 因此 推断 breeding 指的是“繁殖”。 [答案] B

67.The passage mainly tells us ________. A.the problems of whale watching B.how killer whales communicate with each other C.the reduced population of killer whales caused by whale watching D . hearing problems of the killer whales caused by whale watching [解析] 主旨大意题。文章讲述了观鲸船的噪音给虎鲸的信息交 流造成了麻烦。 [答案] D

68 . Now in a noisy background, the killer whales have to ________. A.sing in a louder voice C.travel in smaller groups B.sing longer D.get nearer to each other

[解析] 细节理解题。由第五段可知,因为受噪音干扰,现在虎 鲸“唱”的时间比原来长。 [答案] B

69.Scientists believe that killer whales sing to ________. A.warn each other of dangers B.keep in the same group C.send useful information D.enjoy themselves [解析] 细节理解题。由倒数第三段可知,虎鲸“唱歌”是为了

交流捕食或繁殖信息。 [答案] C

70.From the passage, we can feel that the author is ________. A.angry C.worried B.hopeful D.disappointed

[解析] 推理判断题。文章介绍观鲸船的嗓音给虎鲸的交流造成 了困难,而且虎鲸数量在下降,科学家也不明白其中原因,因此显然 作者对此感到“担忧”。 [答案] C E A Southern California teenager can be proud of himself:After coming back to his home state,Zac Sunderland, 17, can claim to be the youngest person to sail around the world alone. Sunderland was greeted with thunderous applause and congratulations as he arrived at Marina del Rey in his 36foot sailboat. “It’s crazy to have it done because,I mean,for the past year I’ve been just fighting for the next ocean,fighting to get back. And now I’m back so it’s amazing, ”he said. The teen admitted the 27,500?mile voyage wasn’t easy.He said that pirates(海盗) off the coast of Indonesia gave him quite a scare. “A boat circled around me and I ended up calling in the coast watch and they drove them off but, yeah,I was lucky!” “Severe storms also were a problem,”he said.Sunderland’s Web site says he bought the boat with his own money. His parents had hoped he would find something that would spark( 引发) a fire in

him,a passion that would direct him away from all the negative and harmful influences that are so common in society, but even they were surprised by his dreams and desires. “The hardest thing was the tiredness, ”he said, “I mean, you get over the loneliness, but tiredness is an ongoing thing. Half the time I haven’t slept in 48 hours and it’s just hard to get enough rest. ” Sunderland said he made some good contacts along the way. “It’s interesting to just think back to the different places in the world because I have so many friends in different parts of the world that are like family,you know, and all these different experiences, ” he said. So what’s next? “Yeah, I don’t know, just do something for relaxation with my friends, ”he said, “Go skating. Do something normal for a change, you know.” 71.Sunderland’s parents expected him to ________. A.find an interesting hobby in his life B.achieve his goal of being a sailor C.show an interest in changing society D.avoid the bad influences in society [解析] 细节理解题。根据第五段第三句可知,父母希望他能找 到某种东西燃起他的激情,使他远离社会的负面影响,因此 D 项正 确。 [答案] D

72 . What was the most difficult thing during his voyage according to Sunderland?

A.Dangerous pirates. C.Tiredness. [解析]

B.Severe storms. D.Loneliness.

细节理解题。根据第六段首句“The hardest thing was

the tiredness...”可知 C 项正确。 [答案] C

73. What did Sunderland do along the way? A.He made friends with people of different places. B.He kept in touch with his family all the time. C.He kept a diary of his own experiences daily. D.He told his friends what he met on the voyage. [ 解析 ] 细节理解题。根据第七段首句和 “...I have so many

friends in different parts of the world...”可知 A 项正确。 [答案] A

74.Which of the following can best describe Zac Sunderland? A.Crazy. C.Clever. B.Courageous. D.Hardworking.

[解析] 推理判断题。一个 17 岁的少年独自在海上航行,途中 面临许多危险和挑战,因此我们可以说他是充满胆量和勇气的。 [答案] B

75.The main idea of the passage is that ________. A.a teen sailed his own boat to travel the world B.a teen feared nothing in the course of traveling alone C.a teen became the youngest to sail around the world alone D.a teen made friends by sailing around the world [解析] 主旨大意题。 文章主要说明 Zac Sunderland 是世界上环 球航行最年轻的人以及介绍他的航行经历。

[答案]

C 第Ⅱ卷(非选择题 共 35 分)

第四部分

书面表达 (满分 35 分)

最近,很多中学生都纷纷开起了自己的博客。一方面,博客可以 作为展示自己的窗口, 可以释放学习的压力, 因此已经被越来越多的 中学生所接受。但是,另一方面,很多家长和老师都认为管理个人博 客要花相当多的时间和精力,会耽误学习。 请对这一现象进行简要介绍,并发表自己的看法。 注意:词数 120 左右 参考词汇:开博客 open one’s blog 开头已给出: Nowadays, it is a common phenomenon that more and more high school students open their own blogs on the Internet. ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ [答案] Nowadays, it is a common phenomenon that more and more high school students open their own blogs on the Internet. For one thing, it can provide a colorful platform to showcase their talent, and it is a way to release their pressure, and all this makes it more and more popular with high school students. But many parents and teachers hold the different view, they think that managing one’s blog will take a lot of time and energy, while this should be used to study which is their main responsibility. In my opinion, I do approve of this activity. Nowadays the

Interent is playing an important and essential role in our life that we can’t ignore its influence. Therefore as high school students of the socalled information age, we need to learn and make the most of this useful tool to communicate and display ourselves. More importantly, opening and organizing an eyecatching blog needs various abilities such as writing, designing, being skillful at computer and so on. Only if we master those abilities can we make a successful blog.As a consequence, we improve ourselves during the procedures of organizing our blogs. Blog itself is of little harm.It is your attitude towards it that matters. We should take the advantages and avoid some bad effects.


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