2015 级入学考试 英语试卷
说明: 本试卷共两卷, 第一卷和第二卷。第一卷的答案请涂在答题卡上, 第二卷的答案请写 在答题卡上的规定位置。交卷时交答题卡。试卷总分为 150 分, 考试时间为 120 分钟。
第一卷（选择题，共 125 分）
第一部分：听力测试（共两节，满分 30 分）
第一节 （共 5 小题，每小题 1.5
分，满分 7.5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳 选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和 阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. What did the woman do? A. Bought a new suitcase. B. Got new shoes. C. Painted her walls green. 2. What is the weather like in Scotland in December? A. Hot. B. Warm. C. Cold. 3. What time is it now? A. 9:30. B. 10:10. C. 10:00. 4. What do we know about the woman? A. She’s surprised what the man knows. B. She’s not interested in the news. C. She was also going to look for a job. 5. What does the woman mean? A. The novel wasn’t so difficult to read. B. It is fun to remember all the characters. C. She was unable to remember the speaker’s name. 第二节 （共 15 小题，每小题 1.5 分，满分 22.5 分） 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选 项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各个 小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6、7 题。 6. What did they think about the film? A. It’s boring. B. It’s touching. B. It’s horrible. 7. What are they going to do ? A. Go out to eat. B. Meet the old man. C. Go home.
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听第 7 段材料，回答 8-10 题。 8. What has happened to the man? A. He’s had an accident in his car. B. Someone else drove his car back. C. He looks awful. 9. How did it happen? A. The man speaker was driving on the road too fast. B. Another car suddenly appeared around the corner. C. The man had already seen another car but didn’t pay enough attention. 10. What can we learn from the conversation? A. There must have been something wrong with the man’s driving mirror. B. Another driver may not have been coming very fast only because the man speaker didn’t see him. C. The man speaker was a little puzzled. 听第 8 段材料，回答 11-13 题。 11. What is the main topic of this conversation? A. Time. B. Sympathy. C. Anxiety. 12. Why does Joe turn to Jill for advice? A. She has been through a similar experience. B. She is a medical student. C. She has a sense of humor. 13. Why has Joe not contacted the student health services? A. He hasn’t had the time. B. He couldn’t afford the fee. C. He didn’t have their number. 听第 9 段材料，回答 14-17 题。 14. Where are they going this evening? A. A new restaurant. B. A new bar. C. An apartment. 15. How many people will be together this evening? A. Two. B. Three. C. Four. 16. What’s the probable relationship between the two speakers? A. Husband and wife. B. Waitress and customer. C. Friends. 17. How about the drinks and food there? A. Moderate. B. Cheap. C. Expensive. 听第 10 段材料，回答 18-20 题 18. According to the speaker, why should we maintain good health? A. To enjoy ourselves. B. To make a fortune. C. To do our work well. 19. What is the problem with modern medicine? A. It becomes more expensive. B. It wastes a lot of people’s time and money. C. It pays too much attention to those who are not really ill. 20. What is the speaker’s attitude towards health? A. Pay as much attention to health as we can.
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B. Keep fit in order to work well. C. Do not take medicine when you are not ill.
第二部分：英语知识运用（共两节，满分 50 分）
第一节：单项填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分） 从 A,B,C,D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 21. It’s _______ good feeling for people to admire the Shanghai World Expo that gives them _______ pleasure. A. /; a B. a; / C. the; a D. a; the 22. With the development of science, this seemingly ridiculous theory _______ helpful and important. A. proved B. was proved C. turned to be D. was turned out 23. The greedy boss was finally charged with having his workers _______ more than 12 hours a day in his factory. A. to work B. had worked C. worked D. working 24. I will appreciate _______ if you are kind enough to inform me of any change of the meeting. A. that B. it C. / D. this 25. —Volunteering is becoming _______ popular in China. —Yeah, people are now aware that helping others is helping themselves. A. naturally B. successfully C. especially D. increasingly 26. —Will you feel discouraged if the result is not as good as expected? —_______. Instead, I will work even harder for a better result in the future. A. Not a little B. Very much C. Not a bit D. A little bit 27. Where do you suggest _______? A. that we meet B. we meet C. that we will meet D. we will meet 28. Only when he was asked to see the boss _______ that he had made a serious mistake in his business decision. A. David realized B. realized David C. David did realize D. did David realize 29. I’m afraid he can’t manage this task, for it’s _______ his ability. A. within B. of C. beyond D. up to 30. _______ in their best dresses, Mary as well as her two sisters _______ especially attractive at the party. A. Wearing; were B. Dressed; were C. Worn; was D. Dressed; was 31. Take this box and put it _______ you can find enough space. A. which B. in which C. where D. in where 32. It is in No.7 High School _______ a variety of activities are offered _______ I am able to develop my interests. A. that; that B. where; that C. where; which D. that; which
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33. It takes a long time to _______ a good fame, but it is quickly lost just because of one piece of bad behavior. A. pick up B. set up C. build up D. turn up 34. Some visitors are amazed at the fact _______ Australia is the only country in the world _______ covers a whole continent. A. that; that B. what; which C. that; whose D. what; who 35. When he came back to life, he found himself _______ in the woods and his mobile phone _______. A. lied; had been stolen B. lain; had stolen C. lying; stolen D. laying; was stolen 36. —You look upset. Anything wrong? —I failed in the physics exam again _______ all the efforts I made. A. in spite B. despite C. but for D. even though 37. Up to now, the program _______ thousands of children who would otherwise have died. A. was saved B. is saved C. had saved D. has saved 38. _______ there are many kinds of different understanding of our body language, some gestures seem to be universal. A. As B. While C. When D. If 39. —I can hear the water running in the bathroom. —Yes, Bira _______ be taking another shower. A. should B. need C. must D. can 40. _______, the people in flood-hit area are recovering from the effects of the terrible floods in August. A. Strongly and unitedly B. Strong and united C. Be strong and unite D. Being strongly and united 第二节：完形填空（共 20 小题，每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从 41-60 各题所给的四个选项（A,B,C 和 D）中，选出一 个最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 In some cities, workaholism（废寝忘食工作）is so common that people don’t consider it unusual. They accept the lifestyle as 41 . Government workers in Washington, D. C, 42_ , frequently work sixty to seventy hours a week. They don’t do this because they have to; they do it because they 43 to. Workaholism can be a 44 problem. Because true workaholics would rather work than do anything else, they 45 have no idea of how to relax; that is, they might not 46 movies, sports, or other types of entertainment. Most of all, they 47 to sit and do nothing. The lives of workaholics are usually stressful, and this tension and worry can cause 48 problems such as heart attacks and stomach diseases. 49 , typical workaholics don’t pay much attention to their families. Their marriages may end in 50 as they spend little time with their families.
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Is workaholism 51 dangerous? Perhaps not. There are, certainly, people who work 52 under stress. Some studies show that many workaholics have great energy and interest in work. They feel 53 is so pleasurable that they are actually very happy. For most workaholics, work and entertainment are the same thing. Their jobs 54 them with a challenge; this keeps them busy and creative. 55 do workaholics enjoy their jobs so much? There are several 56 to work. Of course, it provides people with paychecks, and this is important. But it offers 57__ financial security. It provides people with self-confidence; they have a feeling of satisfaction 58 they have produced a challenging piece of work and are able to say “I 59 it”. Psychologists claim that their work gives people an identity. After they take part in work, they 60 a sense of self and individualism. 41. A. formal B. boring C. pleasant D. normal 42. A. for example B. on the other hand C. what’s more D. after all 43. A. agree B. promise C. dare D. want 44. A. slight B. serious C. obvious D. difficult 45. A. still B. probably C. certainly D. mostly 46. A. afford B. enjoy C. watch D. allow 47. A. dream B. decide C. intend D. hate 48. A. physical B. cultural C. social D. mental 49. A. Therefore B. However C. Anyway D. Besides 50. A. happiness B. silence C. failure D. surprise 51. A. sometimes B. always C. seldom D. hardly 52. A. sadly B. differently C. efficiently D. slowly 53. A. study B. job C. life D. work 54. A. offer B. pack C. provide D. fill 55. A. When B. Why C. How D. Where 56. A. factors B. advantages C. steps D. ways 57. A. no more B. more or less C. no more than D. more than 58. A. when B. before C. unless D. until 59. A. valued B. failed C. caught D. made 60. A. give B. lose C. get D. need
第一节 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A,B,C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项，并在答 题卡上将该项涂黑。 （共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分）
On my first day in America, I was excited, but nervous as well. It was my dear neighbor Susan who helped me get used to my new life far away from home. There was a knock at the door. When I opened it, Susan came in with a home-made apple pie. She hugged me and said: “You must be the precious Chinese doll!” With a big smile, she went on: “Alice, I am sure you have
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never, ever tried a home-made apple pie before! You are going to love it so much!” To be honest, I was greatly surprised by this welcome from a stranger. And the apple pie made me feel at home. Susan was very helpful to me. When I was thinking about a costume to wear on Halloween, she suggested I dress up like a traditional Chinese girl. “I happen to have a traditional Chinese dress and guess what, I am a great make-up artist!” she said. Susan didn’t hide her excitement, when, after an hour of hard work, she pushed me to the mirror to examine our work. The clothes fit me perfectly! I am sure that I stood out from the crowd that Halloween, and I am very grateful to Susan for her help. My first Thanksgiving was another highlight. On the festival morning, I was surprised to find a gift box in my front yard. There was a note on it: “Hello Alice, I am the Thanksgiving bunny! Enjoy your gift!” I looked around and caught Susan looking at me from the porch （走廊） . Seeing that she had been caught, she awkwardly picked up a newspaper and pretended to read it. I couldn’t help laughing. When I walked up to her, she said: “It was not me. It was the Thanksgiving bunny!” Susan is such a lovely person; she is the American above all others I need to thank. I saw that the spirit of the Chinese saying, that “Neighbors carry more weight than distant relatives,” is alive and well in America. Susan filled my heart with warmth and joy, just as angels do. 61. What made the writer feel at home in America? A. Her Chinese doll. B. Susan’s thanksgiving bunny for Halloween. C. Gifts from her parents in China. D. Susan’s visit on the first day. 62. Which of the following is true according to the passage? A. The writer lent a Chinese dress to Susan to wear at Halloween. B. Susan often looked at her neighbors to find out what they were doing. C. The writer had never had an apple-pie before she went to America. D. Susan helped the writer to appreciate American festivals. 63. What does the phrase “stood out” mean in the passage? A. To be more eye-catching. B. To rise up. C. To be much better. D. To be strange. 64. This passage is most probably taken from _______. A. a newspaper B. a travel guide C. an advertisement D. a school report
First aid is the aid or the help which can be given to an injured person first, that is, before any other help comes. Nowadays there is usually a telephone not far away and the first we should do, if a serious accident happens, call the phone for an ambulance. Sometimes our quick action may save someone’s life. Shock. People often suffer from shock after receiving an injury, sometimes even when the
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injury is very tiny. The face turns grey, and the skin becomes damp (湿的) and cold. They breathe quickly. They should be kept warm. Cover them with a blanket and give them a warm drink. Broken bones. Do not move the patient. Send for an ambulance at once. Bleeding. A little bleeding doesn’t harm. It washes dirt from the wound. But if the bleeding continues, try to stop it by placing a clean cloth firmly over the wound until the bleeding stops or helps arrive. Poison. A person who has taken poison should be taken to a hospital at once. With some poisons, sleeping pills, for example, it is a good thing to make the patient throw up by pressing your fingers down his throat. Remember: When an accident happens, send someone to telephone for an ambulance at once. Keep the injured person warm and quiet. Give him plenty of air. Do not let other people crowd around him. 65. How many common accidents are mentioned in this passage? A. Two. B. Three. C. Four. D. Five. 66. If someone goes into shock after receiving an injury, you’ll find that __________. A. the face turns grey B. the skin becomes damp and cold C. he patient breathes quickly D. all of the above 67. Which of the following statements is NOT true according to passage? A. First aid means to give an injured person the help at once before the doctor comes. B. If an injured person goes into shock, we must try to keep them warm. C. Don’t move the injured person if he has broken his legs. D. When a person has taken poison, we must make him sick. 68. What’s the best title for this passage? A. How to Save One’s Life B. What to Do with Some Accidents C. How to Deal with Common Injuries D. First Aid
Who taught you to speak English? Your parents, while you were a child? Your teacher at school? Perhaps even the BBC as a grown-up. Whoever it was, somehow you have developed an understanding of what is rapidly becoming a truly global language. There are now about 376 million people who speak English as their first language, and about the same number who have learnt it in addition to their mother tongue. There are said to be one billion people learning English now and about 80% of the information on the Internet is in English. Is this a good thing, or a bad thing? Should we celebrate the fact that more and more of us can communicate, using a common language, across countries and cultures? Or should we worry about the dangers of “ mono-culturalism”, a world in which we all speak the same language, eat the same food and listen to the same music? Does it matter if an increasing number of people speak the same language? I would have
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thought the other way around, although I have never accepted the argument that if only we all understood each other better, there would be fewer wars. Ask the people of India (where many of them speak at least some English) and Pakistan( the same situation with India) ... If we all speak English, will we then all start eating McDonalds burgers? Surely not. If English becomes more dominant(占主导地位的), it will kill other languages? I doubt it. When I travel in Africa or Asia, I am always surprised by how many people can speak not only their own language but often one or more other related languages, as well as English and perhaps some French or German as well. When we discussed this on Talking Point a couple of years ago, we received a wonderfully poetic email from a listener in Ireland. “The English language is a beautiful language. Maybe it’s like a rose,” he said. “But who would ever want their garden just full of roses?” Well, I love roses, and I think they make a beautiful addition to any garden. But the way I see it, just by planting a few roses, you don’t necessarily need to pull out everything else. If more and more people want to plant English roses, that’s fine by me. 69. By saying “Ask the people of India... and Pakistan” ( in Paragraph 4) , the author is trying to show that _______. A. speaking the same language doesn’t necessarily bring peace B. wars can destroy the relationship between two countries C. English doesn’t kill other languages D. English is widely used in the world 70. What does “garden” in the last two paragraphs stand for? A. Language. B. Family. C. The world. D. The universe. 71. The author would probably agree that ________. A. it’s very hard to plant many kinds of flowers in a garden B. it’s good for people from other countries to learn English C. more and more people like to plant roses in their gardens D. English is easier to learn than other languages 72. This passage is mainly about ________. A. why English has become a global language B. how many people in the world speak English C. how people in the world learn English as a foreign language D. whether we need to worry about English being a world language
Have you ever received a gift that was so clearly not your taste that you wondered if perhaps it had been handed to you by mistake? Worse, have you ever given a present and watched your friend look as though she had opened the wrong box? Maybe she responded with a polite “Why, thank you,” but you knew you had missed the mark. Why do presents sometimes go wrong? And what do your choices (good and bad) reflect about your personal qualities?
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Choosing the right one is an art, I believe. It calls for empathy－the ability to put yourself into someone else’s feelings as sharply. We’re all able to do this; in fact, we’ve born with a kind of natural empathy (移情). After the earliest period of childhood, however, it needs to be reinforced （加强）－by our parents, teachers, friends. When it isn’t, we’re not able to understand other people’s feelings as sharply. This can show in the gifts we select, and so can many other emotional（情感的）qualities. Think back to the presents you’ve given over the past year, the time and effort you put into your selection, how much you spent, your thoughts while you were shopping, and your feelings when the receiver opened the package. Keep in mind that what you choose shows your inner world. Of course, you may express yourself differently with different friends, relatives, and other people you know. We live in a society where exchanging presents is an important part of communication. Ignoring the tradition won’t make it go away. If you really dislike such a tradition, tell your friends ahead of time. 73. The underlined expression “you had missed the mark” means “you had failed to ________”. A. make her feel better B. keep your friendship C. receive a present in return D. get the expected effect 74. Which of the following is the main idea of the second paragraph? A. Natural empathy needs to be reinforced. B. Emotional changes influence one’s choice of gifts. C. Selecting the right gift is an ability people are born with. D. Choosing gifts requires one to understand the receivers. 75. In the third paragraph, the author tells us that . A. attention should be paid to the receiver ’s responses B. one learns from what he did in the past C. the choice of gifts reflects one’s emotional qualities D. one should spend more time choosing gifts 76. The best possible title for this passage is . A. Ways of Choosing Gifts B. An Important Tradition. C. Exchanging Presents D. Message in a Gift
Medicine comes in lots of different packages. Painkillers in a tablet can make your headache go away. Antibiotic cream (抗菌素膏) from a tube can prevent your cuts from becoming infected. But can medicine come packaged in chicken eggs? A team of scientists from Scotland say “yes”. They’ve engineered special chickens that lay eggs with disease-treating drugs inside. These eggs come from chickens that have been engineered to produce certain drugs inside their egg whites.
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These drugs are made of molecules（分子）called proteins（蛋白质）. Animals make thousands of proteins — they’re the main element in skin, hair, milk and meat. Since animals can make proteins easily, they’re good candidates (候选者) for making protein drugs. Researchers have already made cows, sheep and goats pump out protein drugs in their milk. But chickens are cheaper to take care of, need less room, and grow faster than these other animals. Those qualities could make chickens a better choice to become living drug factories, says Simon Lillico of the Roslin Institute near Edinburgh, Scotland. Lillico and a team of researchers changed chickens’ DNA — the code that tells cells how to make proteins — so that the birds’ cells made two protein drugs. One drug can treat skin cancer, and the other treats a nerve disease called multiple sclerosis (多发性硬化). The scientists changed the chickens’ DNA so that the birds made these drugs only in their egg whites. This protects the chickens’ bodies from the drugs’ harmful effects and makes it easy for scientists to collect the drugs. 77. If you cut your finger, you may use ________ to cure it. A. painkillers in a tablet B. antibiotic cream from a tube C. chicken eggs D. protein drugs 78. Which of the following statements is NOT true? A. Scientists from Scotland have succeeded in packing medicine into chicken eggs. B. The drugs are made of molecules called proteins. C. Scientists chose chickens for their experiments because chicken eggs taste delicious. D. The animals are good candidates for making protein drugs. 79. The drugs in special chicken eggs can ________. A. treat lung cancer B. help reduce headache C. change people’s DNA D. treat multiple sclerosis 80. We can infer from the passage that ________. A. eating eggs is the best choice for the patients now B. scientists changed the chicken’s DNA and put all the drugs in chicken eggs C. we may eat special eggs as drugs when we are sick in the future D. the drugs produce harmful effects on the chicken’s bodies 第二节：阅读短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。每小题只有一 个最佳选项, 选项中有两项是多余选项。并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 （共 5 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 5 分） Our Fears Can Change the Reality of the Situation At times, our worries and anxieties can defeat us. In addition, our worries can change our understanding of what is reality and what is not. Here is a brief list of skills that you can use to help gain a better viewpoint on things during your anxious moments.
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81 A person should take a deep breath and try to find something to do for a few minutes to get their mind off the problem. A person could get some fresh air, listen to some music, or do an activity that will give them a fresh opinion on things. Remember that our fearful thoughts are made to seem worse and can make the problem worse. 82 When unexpectedly having thoughts that make you fearful or anxious, challenge those thoughts by asking yourself questions that will maintain objectivity and common sense. Be smart in how you deal with your fears and anxieties. Do not try to deal with everything all at once. When facing a current or upcoming task that drives you anxious, break the task into a series of smaller steps. 83 Remember that all the worrying in the world will not change anything. Most of what we worry about never comes true. 84 Everything else you can leave in the hands of God. It is not easy to deal with all of our fears and worries. When your fears and anxieties have the best of you, try to calm down and then get the facts of the situation. The key is to take it slow. All you can do is do your best each day, hope for the best, and when something does happen, take it easy. 85 A. B. C. D. Take it one step at a time and things will work out. When feeling anxious, stop what you are doing and try to do something relaxing. This will give you the confidence to manage your anxiety. Instead of worrying about something that probably won’t happen, concentrate on what you are able to do. E. The next time you feel anxious, review your list and think about the good things that you have in your life. F. A good way to manage your worry is to challenge your negative thinking with positive statements and realistic thinking. G. Finishing these smaller tasks one at a time will make the stress more manageable and increases your chances of success.
第二卷（非选择题，共 25 分）
第一部分：完成句子（共 15 小题；每空 1 分，满分 15 分）
根据横线上的首字母提示或括号内的汉语提示完成句子。每空一词，请将答案写在答题卡 上的规定位置。 86. Instead of reviewing his lessons, the boy spent all his time s___________ the Internet. 87. ____________ (除了) English, Chinese students learn some other foreign languages in university. 88. In some parts of the world, tea is s____ ___ with milk and sugar.
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89. It was your own ___ ___ _ (过错) why you failed the examination. You oughtn’t to have been so careless. 90. First he bought some vegetables, then washed them and f___________ cooked a delicious dinner. 91. I can’t think of any good advice to give her, but you always come up with good ____________ (解决) to people’s problems. 92. This is a great show from a world-class photographer. ____________ (无论什么) you do, don’t miss this exhibition. 93. London h____ ______ the Olympics in 2012. 94. Someone who is ___ _ ___ (忠诚的) is true to their friends or their country. 95. As is known to all, social c_________ _ are quite different from country to country. 96. The wild storm d_________ lots of buildings and trees when it hit this area. 97. Your views on education are _________ （相似的）to mine. 98. To study a______ means to study in a foreign country. 99. Mickey recently won an award from the Help Save Our Planet __________ (社团). 100. We all believe Mickey is an ____________ (鼓舞人心的人) in our class.
第二部分：短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分），请将答案写在答题卡上
的规定位置。 此题要求改正所给短文中的错误。对标有题号的每一行做出判断：如无错误，在该行右边 横线上画一个勾(√)；如有错误（每行只有一个错误） ，则按下列情况改正： 1. 该行多一个词：把多余的词用斜线(＼)划掉，在该行右边横线上写出该词，并也用 斜线划掉。 2. 该行缺一个词：在缺词处加一个漏字符号(^)，在该行右边的横线上写出该加的词。 3. 该行错一个词：在错的词下划一横线，在该行右边横线上写出正确的词。 注意：原行没有错的不用改。 Dear Mike, Last summer I take a part-time job in the International 101. ___________ Camp for children. I have told one more worker will be 102. ___________ needed this year and I think you are the right person for it. 103. ___________ How about join us? The camp is at the foot of a small hill 104. ___________ close to a river. It is so a beautiful place! We can see colorful 105. ___________ flowers on the green grass and hear birds singing happy all around. 106. ___________ How is very exciting is that everybody sleeps in tents. We usually 107. ___________ work only five hours a day, so we’ll have a plenty of spare time to 108. ___________ visit the area and have funs. I’m sure you’ll have a wonderful time. 109. ___________ If you are interesting in it, please reply to me soon. 110. ___________ Yours, Peter
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